Abstract

We present a sophisticated radiative transfer code for modeling outgoing IR radiation from planetary atmospheres and, conversely, for retrieving atmospheric properties from high-resolution nadir-observed spectra. The forward model is built around a doubling-adding routine and calculates, in a spherical refractive geometry, the outgoing radiation emitted by the Earth and the atmosphere containing one layer of aerosol. The inverse model uses an optimal estimation approach and can simultaneously retrieve atmospheric trace gases, aerosol effective radius, and concentration. It is different from existing codes, as most forward codes dealing with multiple scattering assume a plane-parallel atmosphere, and as for the retrieval, it does not rely on precalculated spectra, the use of microwindows, or two-step retrievals. The simultaneous retrieval on a broad spectral range exploits the full potential of current state-of-the-art hyperspectral IR sounders, such as AIRS and IASI, and should be particularly useful in studying major pollution events. We present five example retrievals of IASI spectra observed in the range from 800 to 1200cm1 above dust, volcanic ash, sulfuric acid, ice particles, and biomass burning aerosols.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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2010 (4)

S. Peyridieu, A. Chédin, D. Tanré, V. Capelle, C. Pierangelo, N. Lamquin, and R. Armante, “Saharan dust infrared optical depth and altitude retrieved from AIRS: a focus over North Atlantic—comparison to MODIS and CALIPSO,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 10, 1953–1967 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Gangale, A. Prata, and L. Clarisse, “The infrared spectral signature of volcanic ash determined from high-spectral resolution satellite measurements,” Remote Sens. Environ. 114, 414–425 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Karagulian, L. Clarisse, C. Clerbaux, A. J. Prata, D. Hurtmans, and P. Coheur, “Detection of volcanic SO2, ash and H2SO4 using the IASI sounder,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00L02 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Prata, G. Gangale, L. Clarisse, and F. Karagulian, “Ash and sulphur dioxide in the 2008 eruptions of Okmok and Kasatochi insights from high spectral resolution satellite measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (7)

S. Carn, J. Pallister, L. Lara, J. Ewert, S. Watt, A. Prata, R. Thomas, and G. Villarosa, “The unexpected awakening of Chaitén volcano, Chile,” EOS Trans. Am. Geophys. Union 90, 205–207 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P.-F. Coheur, L. Clarisse, S. Turquety, D. Hurtmans, and C. Clerbaux, “IASI measurements of reactive trace species in biomass burning plumes,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 5655–5667(2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Turquety, D. Hurtmans, J. Hadji-Lazaro, P.-F. Coheur, C. Clerbaux, D. Josset, and C. Tsamalis, “Tracking the emission and transport of pollution from wildfires using the IASI CO retrievals: analysis of the summer 2007 Greek fires,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 4897–4913 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Clerbaux, A. Boynard, L. Clarisse, M. George, J. Hadji-Lazaro, H. Herbin, D. Hurtmans, M. Pommier, A. Razavi, S. Turquety, C. Wespes, and P.-F. Coheur, “Monitoring of atmospheric composition using the thermal infrared IASI/MetOp sounder,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 6041–6054 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Yue and K. Liou, “Cirrus cloud optical and microphysical properties determined from AIRS infrared spectra,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 36, L05810 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li, X. Zhao, R. Kahn, M. Mishchenko, L. Remer, K.-H. Lee, M. Wang, I. Laszlo, T. Nakajima, and H. Maring, “Uncertainties in satellite remote sensing of aerosols and impact on monitoring its long-term trend: a review and perspective,” Ann. Geophys. 27, 2755–2770 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, A. Omar, Y. Hu, K. A. Powell, Z. Liu, W. H. Hunt, and S. A. Young, “Overview of the CALIPSO Mission and CALIOP data processing algorithms,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 2310–2323 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

X. Fan, P. Goloub, J.-L. Deuzé, H. Chen, W. Zhang, D. Tanré, and Z. Li, “Evaluation of PARASOL aerosol retrieval over North East Asia,” Remote Sens. Environ. 112, 697–707 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Clarisse, P. F. Coheur, A. J. Prata, D. Hurtmans, A. Razavi, T. Phulpin, J. Hadji-Lazaro, and C. Clerbaux, “Tracking and quantifying volcanic SO2 with IASI, the September 2007 eruption at Jebel at Tair,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 7723–7734(2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Boschetti, D. Roy, P. Barbosa, R. Boca, and C. Justice, “A MODIS assessment of the summer 2007 extent burned in Greece,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 29, 2433–2436 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Hungershoefer, K. Zeromskiene, Y. Iinuma, G. Helas, J. Trentmann, T. Trautmann, R. S. Parmar, A. Wiedensohler, M. O. Andreae, and O. Schmid, “Modelling the optical properties of fresh biomass burning aerosol produced in a smoke chamber: results from the EFEU campaign,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 3427–3439 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

P. Yang, Q. Feng, G. Hong, G. W. Kattawar, W. J. Wiscombe, M. I. Mishchenko, O. Dubovik, I. Laszlo, and I. N. Sokolik, “Modeling of the scattering and radiative properties of nonspherical dust-like aerosols,” J. Aerosol. Sci. 38, 995–1014(2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. Schueler, B. Fafaul, J. Hansen, R. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. Maring, and L. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: introducing the glory mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 88, 677–691 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (6)

G. Vergé-Dépré, M. Legrand, C. Moulin, A. Alias, and P. François, “Improvement of the detection of desert dust over the Sahel using METEOSAT IR imagery,” Ann. Geophys. 24, 2065–2073(2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Textor, M. Schulz, S. Guibert, S. Kinne, Y. Balkanski, S. Bauer, T. Berntsen, T. Berglen, O. Boucher, M. Chin, F. Dentener, T. Diehl, R. Easter, H. Feichter, D. Fillmore, S. Ghan, P. Ginoux, S. Gong, A. Grini, J. Hendricks, L. Horowitz, P. Huang, I. Isaksen, I. Iversen, S. Kloster, D. Koch, A. Kirkevg, J. E. Kristjansson, M. Krol, A. Lauer, J. F. Lamarque, X. Liu, V. Montanaro, G. Myhre, J. Penner, G. Pitari, S. Reddy, O. Seland, P. Stier, T. Takemura, and X. Tie, “Analysis and quantification of the diversities of aerosol life cycles within AeroCom,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 1777–1813 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Q. Liu and F. Weng, “Advanced doubling-adding method for radiative transfer in planetary atmospheres,” J. Atmos. Sci. 63, 3459–3465 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Kruglanski, M. D. Mazière, A. Vandaele, and D. Hurtmans, “Boundary layer aerosol retrieval from thermal infrared nadir sounding—preliminary results,” Adv. Space Res. 37, 2160–2165 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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F. Parol, J. Buriez, G. Brogniez, and Y. Fouquart, “Information content of AVHRR channels 4 and 5 with respect to the effective radius of cirrus cloud particles,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 30, 973–984 (1991).
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C. Pierangelo, M. Mishchenko, Y. Balkanski, and A. Chedin, “Retrieving the effective radius of Saharan dust coarse mode from AIRS,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L20813 (2005).
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Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Example fits for sand, volcanic ash, sulfuric acid, biomass, and ice aerosols. See text for details.

Tables (2)

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Table 1 Summary of Assumed and Retrieved (Boldface) Parameters (Densities ρ Taken from [78, 79])

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Table 2 Simulated Errors in Retrieved Parameters for Volcanic Ash Spectrum

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

N ( r ) = N 0 2 π ln σ g r exp ( ln 2 ( r / r g ) 2 ln 2 σ g ) ,
r e = r 3 N ( r ) d r r 2 N ( r ) d r = r g exp ( 2.5 ln 2 σ g ) .
N e = N 0 exp ( 3 ln 2 σ g ) .
N ( r ) = N 0 ( r e b ) ( 2 b 1 ) / b Γ ( ( 1 2 b ) / b ) r ( 1 3 b ) / b e r / ( r e b ) ,
M = 4 π 3 ρ r 3 N ( r ) d r = 4 π 3 ρ r e 3 N e = M e .
τ = ln ( L out / L in ) ,

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