Abstract

By use of coherent terahertz synchrotron radiation, we experimentally tested a holographic Fourier transform spectrometer coupled to an array detector to determine its viability as a spectral device. Somewhat surprisingly, the overall performance strongly depends on the absorptivity of the birefringent lithium tantalate pixels in the array detector.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Nakazato, M. Oyamada, N. Niimura, S. Urasawa, O. Konno, A. Kagaya, R. Kato, T. Kamiyama, Y. Torizuka, T. Nanba, Y. Kondo, Y. Shibata, K. Ishi, T. Oshak, and M. Ikezawa, “Observation of coherent synchrotron radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1245–1248 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, J. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, “High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons,” Nature 420, 153–156 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. G. P. Williams, “Filling the THz gap—high power sources and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 301–326 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Shibata, T. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. Ishi, M. Ikezawa, J. Ohkuma, S. Okuda, and T. Okada, “Diagnostics of an electron beam of a linear accelerator using coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 1479–1484 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. Lai and A. J. Sievers, “On using the coherent far IR radiation produced by a charged-particle bunch to determine its shape: 1. Analysis,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 397, 221–231 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. Schneider, M. G. Billing, R. Lai, and A. J. Sievers, “Comparison of electron bunch asymmetry as measured by energy analysis and coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. E 56, R3780–R3783 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Watanabe, J. Sugahara, T. Yoshimatsu, S. Sasaki, Y. Sugiyama, K. Ishi, Y. Shibata, Y. Kondo, K. Yoshii, T. Ueda, and M. Uesaka, “Overall comparison of subpicosecond electron beam diagnostics by the polychromator, the interferometer and the femtosecond streak camera,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 480, 315–327 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. Mihalcea, C. L. Bohn, U. Happek, and P. Piot, “Longitudinal electron bunch diagnostics using coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 9, 082801 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. I. Agladze and A. J. Sievers, “Miniaturization of holographic Fourier-transform spectrometers,” Appl. Opt. 43, 6568–6579(2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. N. I. Agladze and A. J. Sievers, “Holographic Fourier transform spectrometer for terahertz region,” Opt. Lett. 35, 664–666 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. G. R. Neil, C. Behre, S. V. Benson, M. Bevins, G. Biallas, J. Boyce, J. Coleman, L. A. Dillon-Townes, D. Douglas, H. F. Dylla, R. Evans, A. Grippo, D. Gruber, J. Gubeli, D. Hardy, C. Hernandez-Garcia, K. Jordan, M. J. Kelley, L. Merminga, J. Mammosser, W. Moore, N. Nishimori, E. Pozdeyev, J. Preble, R. Rimmer, M. Shinn, T. Siggins, C. Tennant, R. Walker, G. P. Williams, and S. Zhang, “The JLab high power ERL light source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 557, 9–15 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. M. Klopf, A. Greer, J. Gubeli, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, T. SigginS, D. Waldman, G. P. Williams, A. Todd, V. Christina, and O. Chubar, “The Jefferson Lab high power THz user facility,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 582, 114–116(2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Kheifets and B. Zotter, “Shielding effects on coherent synchrotron radiation,” in Micro Bunches Workshop, E.B.Blum, M.Dienes, and J.B.Murphy, eds. (AIP, 1996), p. 424.

2010 (1)

2007 (1)

J. M. Klopf, A. Greer, J. Gubeli, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, T. SigginS, D. Waldman, G. P. Williams, A. Todd, V. Christina, and O. Chubar, “The Jefferson Lab high power THz user facility,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 582, 114–116(2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

G. P. Williams, “Filling the THz gap—high power sources and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 301–326 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Mihalcea, C. L. Bohn, U. Happek, and P. Piot, “Longitudinal electron bunch diagnostics using coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 9, 082801 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. R. Neil, C. Behre, S. V. Benson, M. Bevins, G. Biallas, J. Boyce, J. Coleman, L. A. Dillon-Townes, D. Douglas, H. F. Dylla, R. Evans, A. Grippo, D. Gruber, J. Gubeli, D. Hardy, C. Hernandez-Garcia, K. Jordan, M. J. Kelley, L. Merminga, J. Mammosser, W. Moore, N. Nishimori, E. Pozdeyev, J. Preble, R. Rimmer, M. Shinn, T. Siggins, C. Tennant, R. Walker, G. P. Williams, and S. Zhang, “The JLab high power ERL light source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 557, 9–15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2002 (2)

T. Watanabe, J. Sugahara, T. Yoshimatsu, S. Sasaki, Y. Sugiyama, K. Ishi, Y. Shibata, Y. Kondo, K. Yoshii, T. Ueda, and M. Uesaka, “Overall comparison of subpicosecond electron beam diagnostics by the polychromator, the interferometer and the femtosecond streak camera,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 480, 315–327 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, J. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, “High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons,” Nature 420, 153–156 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (2)

R. Lai and A. J. Sievers, “On using the coherent far IR radiation produced by a charged-particle bunch to determine its shape: 1. Analysis,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 397, 221–231 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Schneider, M. G. Billing, R. Lai, and A. J. Sievers, “Comparison of electron bunch asymmetry as measured by energy analysis and coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. E 56, R3780–R3783 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

Y. Shibata, T. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. Ishi, M. Ikezawa, J. Ohkuma, S. Okuda, and T. Okada, “Diagnostics of an electron beam of a linear accelerator using coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 1479–1484 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

T. Nakazato, M. Oyamada, N. Niimura, S. Urasawa, O. Konno, A. Kagaya, R. Kato, T. Kamiyama, Y. Torizuka, T. Nanba, Y. Kondo, Y. Shibata, K. Ishi, T. Oshak, and M. Ikezawa, “Observation of coherent synchrotron radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1245–1248 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Agladze, N. I.

Behre, C.

G. R. Neil, C. Behre, S. V. Benson, M. Bevins, G. Biallas, J. Boyce, J. Coleman, L. A. Dillon-Townes, D. Douglas, H. F. Dylla, R. Evans, A. Grippo, D. Gruber, J. Gubeli, D. Hardy, C. Hernandez-Garcia, K. Jordan, M. J. Kelley, L. Merminga, J. Mammosser, W. Moore, N. Nishimori, E. Pozdeyev, J. Preble, R. Rimmer, M. Shinn, T. Siggins, C. Tennant, R. Walker, G. P. Williams, and S. Zhang, “The JLab high power ERL light source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 557, 9–15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Benson, S. V.

G. R. Neil, C. Behre, S. V. Benson, M. Bevins, G. Biallas, J. Boyce, J. Coleman, L. A. Dillon-Townes, D. Douglas, H. F. Dylla, R. Evans, A. Grippo, D. Gruber, J. Gubeli, D. Hardy, C. Hernandez-Garcia, K. Jordan, M. J. Kelley, L. Merminga, J. Mammosser, W. Moore, N. Nishimori, E. Pozdeyev, J. Preble, R. Rimmer, M. Shinn, T. Siggins, C. Tennant, R. Walker, G. P. Williams, and S. Zhang, “The JLab high power ERL light source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 557, 9–15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bevins, M.

G. R. Neil, C. Behre, S. V. Benson, M. Bevins, G. Biallas, J. Boyce, J. Coleman, L. A. Dillon-Townes, D. Douglas, H. F. Dylla, R. Evans, A. Grippo, D. Gruber, J. Gubeli, D. Hardy, C. Hernandez-Garcia, K. Jordan, M. J. Kelley, L. Merminga, J. Mammosser, W. Moore, N. Nishimori, E. Pozdeyev, J. Preble, R. Rimmer, M. Shinn, T. Siggins, C. Tennant, R. Walker, G. P. Williams, and S. Zhang, “The JLab high power ERL light source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 557, 9–15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Biallas, G.

G. R. Neil, C. Behre, S. V. Benson, M. Bevins, G. Biallas, J. Boyce, J. Coleman, L. A. Dillon-Townes, D. Douglas, H. F. Dylla, R. Evans, A. Grippo, D. Gruber, J. Gubeli, D. Hardy, C. Hernandez-Garcia, K. Jordan, M. J. Kelley, L. Merminga, J. Mammosser, W. Moore, N. Nishimori, E. Pozdeyev, J. Preble, R. Rimmer, M. Shinn, T. Siggins, C. Tennant, R. Walker, G. P. Williams, and S. Zhang, “The JLab high power ERL light source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 557, 9–15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Billing, M. G.

G. Schneider, M. G. Billing, R. Lai, and A. J. Sievers, “Comparison of electron bunch asymmetry as measured by energy analysis and coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. E 56, R3780–R3783 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bohn, C. L.

D. Mihalcea, C. L. Bohn, U. Happek, and P. Piot, “Longitudinal electron bunch diagnostics using coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 9, 082801 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Boyce, J.

G. R. Neil, C. Behre, S. V. Benson, M. Bevins, G. Biallas, J. Boyce, J. Coleman, L. A. Dillon-Townes, D. Douglas, H. F. Dylla, R. Evans, A. Grippo, D. Gruber, J. Gubeli, D. Hardy, C. Hernandez-Garcia, K. Jordan, M. J. Kelley, L. Merminga, J. Mammosser, W. Moore, N. Nishimori, E. Pozdeyev, J. Preble, R. Rimmer, M. Shinn, T. Siggins, C. Tennant, R. Walker, G. P. Williams, and S. Zhang, “The JLab high power ERL light source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 557, 9–15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Carr, G. L.

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, J. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, “High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons,” Nature 420, 153–156 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Christina, V.

J. M. Klopf, A. Greer, J. Gubeli, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, T. SigginS, D. Waldman, G. P. Williams, A. Todd, V. Christina, and O. Chubar, “The Jefferson Lab high power THz user facility,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 582, 114–116(2007).
[CrossRef]

Chubar, O.

J. M. Klopf, A. Greer, J. Gubeli, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, T. SigginS, D. Waldman, G. P. Williams, A. Todd, V. Christina, and O. Chubar, “The Jefferson Lab high power THz user facility,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 582, 114–116(2007).
[CrossRef]

Coleman, J.

G. R. Neil, C. Behre, S. V. Benson, M. Bevins, G. Biallas, J. Boyce, J. Coleman, L. A. Dillon-Townes, D. Douglas, H. F. Dylla, R. Evans, A. Grippo, D. Gruber, J. Gubeli, D. Hardy, C. Hernandez-Garcia, K. Jordan, M. J. Kelley, L. Merminga, J. Mammosser, W. Moore, N. Nishimori, E. Pozdeyev, J. Preble, R. Rimmer, M. Shinn, T. Siggins, C. Tennant, R. Walker, G. P. Williams, and S. Zhang, “The JLab high power ERL light source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 557, 9–15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dillon-Townes, L. A.

G. R. Neil, C. Behre, S. V. Benson, M. Bevins, G. Biallas, J. Boyce, J. Coleman, L. A. Dillon-Townes, D. Douglas, H. F. Dylla, R. Evans, A. Grippo, D. Gruber, J. Gubeli, D. Hardy, C. Hernandez-Garcia, K. Jordan, M. J. Kelley, L. Merminga, J. Mammosser, W. Moore, N. Nishimori, E. Pozdeyev, J. Preble, R. Rimmer, M. Shinn, T. Siggins, C. Tennant, R. Walker, G. P. Williams, and S. Zhang, “The JLab high power ERL light source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 557, 9–15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Douglas, D.

G. R. Neil, C. Behre, S. V. Benson, M. Bevins, G. Biallas, J. Boyce, J. Coleman, L. A. Dillon-Townes, D. Douglas, H. F. Dylla, R. Evans, A. Grippo, D. Gruber, J. Gubeli, D. Hardy, C. Hernandez-Garcia, K. Jordan, M. J. Kelley, L. Merminga, J. Mammosser, W. Moore, N. Nishimori, E. Pozdeyev, J. Preble, R. Rimmer, M. Shinn, T. Siggins, C. Tennant, R. Walker, G. P. Williams, and S. Zhang, “The JLab high power ERL light source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 557, 9–15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dylla, H. F.

G. R. Neil, C. Behre, S. V. Benson, M. Bevins, G. Biallas, J. Boyce, J. Coleman, L. A. Dillon-Townes, D. Douglas, H. F. Dylla, R. Evans, A. Grippo, D. Gruber, J. Gubeli, D. Hardy, C. Hernandez-Garcia, K. Jordan, M. J. Kelley, L. Merminga, J. Mammosser, W. Moore, N. Nishimori, E. Pozdeyev, J. Preble, R. Rimmer, M. Shinn, T. Siggins, C. Tennant, R. Walker, G. P. Williams, and S. Zhang, “The JLab high power ERL light source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 557, 9–15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Evans, R.

G. R. Neil, C. Behre, S. V. Benson, M. Bevins, G. Biallas, J. Boyce, J. Coleman, L. A. Dillon-Townes, D. Douglas, H. F. Dylla, R. Evans, A. Grippo, D. Gruber, J. Gubeli, D. Hardy, C. Hernandez-Garcia, K. Jordan, M. J. Kelley, L. Merminga, J. Mammosser, W. Moore, N. Nishimori, E. Pozdeyev, J. Preble, R. Rimmer, M. Shinn, T. Siggins, C. Tennant, R. Walker, G. P. Williams, and S. Zhang, “The JLab high power ERL light source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 557, 9–15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Greer, A.

J. M. Klopf, A. Greer, J. Gubeli, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, T. SigginS, D. Waldman, G. P. Williams, A. Todd, V. Christina, and O. Chubar, “The Jefferson Lab high power THz user facility,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 582, 114–116(2007).
[CrossRef]

Grippo, A.

G. R. Neil, C. Behre, S. V. Benson, M. Bevins, G. Biallas, J. Boyce, J. Coleman, L. A. Dillon-Townes, D. Douglas, H. F. Dylla, R. Evans, A. Grippo, D. Gruber, J. Gubeli, D. Hardy, C. Hernandez-Garcia, K. Jordan, M. J. Kelley, L. Merminga, J. Mammosser, W. Moore, N. Nishimori, E. Pozdeyev, J. Preble, R. Rimmer, M. Shinn, T. Siggins, C. Tennant, R. Walker, G. P. Williams, and S. Zhang, “The JLab high power ERL light source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 557, 9–15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gruber, D.

G. R. Neil, C. Behre, S. V. Benson, M. Bevins, G. Biallas, J. Boyce, J. Coleman, L. A. Dillon-Townes, D. Douglas, H. F. Dylla, R. Evans, A. Grippo, D. Gruber, J. Gubeli, D. Hardy, C. Hernandez-Garcia, K. Jordan, M. J. Kelley, L. Merminga, J. Mammosser, W. Moore, N. Nishimori, E. Pozdeyev, J. Preble, R. Rimmer, M. Shinn, T. Siggins, C. Tennant, R. Walker, G. P. Williams, and S. Zhang, “The JLab high power ERL light source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 557, 9–15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gubeli, J.

J. M. Klopf, A. Greer, J. Gubeli, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, T. SigginS, D. Waldman, G. P. Williams, A. Todd, V. Christina, and O. Chubar, “The Jefferson Lab high power THz user facility,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 582, 114–116(2007).
[CrossRef]

G. R. Neil, C. Behre, S. V. Benson, M. Bevins, G. Biallas, J. Boyce, J. Coleman, L. A. Dillon-Townes, D. Douglas, H. F. Dylla, R. Evans, A. Grippo, D. Gruber, J. Gubeli, D. Hardy, C. Hernandez-Garcia, K. Jordan, M. J. Kelley, L. Merminga, J. Mammosser, W. Moore, N. Nishimori, E. Pozdeyev, J. Preble, R. Rimmer, M. Shinn, T. Siggins, C. Tennant, R. Walker, G. P. Williams, and S. Zhang, “The JLab high power ERL light source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 557, 9–15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Happek, U.

D. Mihalcea, C. L. Bohn, U. Happek, and P. Piot, “Longitudinal electron bunch diagnostics using coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 9, 082801 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hardy, D.

G. R. Neil, C. Behre, S. V. Benson, M. Bevins, G. Biallas, J. Boyce, J. Coleman, L. A. Dillon-Townes, D. Douglas, H. F. Dylla, R. Evans, A. Grippo, D. Gruber, J. Gubeli, D. Hardy, C. Hernandez-Garcia, K. Jordan, M. J. Kelley, L. Merminga, J. Mammosser, W. Moore, N. Nishimori, E. Pozdeyev, J. Preble, R. Rimmer, M. Shinn, T. Siggins, C. Tennant, R. Walker, G. P. Williams, and S. Zhang, “The JLab high power ERL light source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 557, 9–15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hernandez-Garcia, C.

G. R. Neil, C. Behre, S. V. Benson, M. Bevins, G. Biallas, J. Boyce, J. Coleman, L. A. Dillon-Townes, D. Douglas, H. F. Dylla, R. Evans, A. Grippo, D. Gruber, J. Gubeli, D. Hardy, C. Hernandez-Garcia, K. Jordan, M. J. Kelley, L. Merminga, J. Mammosser, W. Moore, N. Nishimori, E. Pozdeyev, J. Preble, R. Rimmer, M. Shinn, T. Siggins, C. Tennant, R. Walker, G. P. Williams, and S. Zhang, “The JLab high power ERL light source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 557, 9–15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ikezawa, M.

Y. Shibata, T. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. Ishi, M. Ikezawa, J. Ohkuma, S. Okuda, and T. Okada, “Diagnostics of an electron beam of a linear accelerator using coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 1479–1484 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. Nakazato, M. Oyamada, N. Niimura, S. Urasawa, O. Konno, A. Kagaya, R. Kato, T. Kamiyama, Y. Torizuka, T. Nanba, Y. Kondo, Y. Shibata, K. Ishi, T. Oshak, and M. Ikezawa, “Observation of coherent synchrotron radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1245–1248 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ishi, K.

T. Watanabe, J. Sugahara, T. Yoshimatsu, S. Sasaki, Y. Sugiyama, K. Ishi, Y. Shibata, Y. Kondo, K. Yoshii, T. Ueda, and M. Uesaka, “Overall comparison of subpicosecond electron beam diagnostics by the polychromator, the interferometer and the femtosecond streak camera,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 480, 315–327 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shibata, T. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. Ishi, M. Ikezawa, J. Ohkuma, S. Okuda, and T. Okada, “Diagnostics of an electron beam of a linear accelerator using coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 1479–1484 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. Nakazato, M. Oyamada, N. Niimura, S. Urasawa, O. Konno, A. Kagaya, R. Kato, T. Kamiyama, Y. Torizuka, T. Nanba, Y. Kondo, Y. Shibata, K. Ishi, T. Oshak, and M. Ikezawa, “Observation of coherent synchrotron radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1245–1248 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jordan, J.

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, J. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, “High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons,” Nature 420, 153–156 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jordan, K.

G. R. Neil, C. Behre, S. V. Benson, M. Bevins, G. Biallas, J. Boyce, J. Coleman, L. A. Dillon-Townes, D. Douglas, H. F. Dylla, R. Evans, A. Grippo, D. Gruber, J. Gubeli, D. Hardy, C. Hernandez-Garcia, K. Jordan, M. J. Kelley, L. Merminga, J. Mammosser, W. Moore, N. Nishimori, E. Pozdeyev, J. Preble, R. Rimmer, M. Shinn, T. Siggins, C. Tennant, R. Walker, G. P. Williams, and S. Zhang, “The JLab high power ERL light source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 557, 9–15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kagaya, A.

T. Nakazato, M. Oyamada, N. Niimura, S. Urasawa, O. Konno, A. Kagaya, R. Kato, T. Kamiyama, Y. Torizuka, T. Nanba, Y. Kondo, Y. Shibata, K. Ishi, T. Oshak, and M. Ikezawa, “Observation of coherent synchrotron radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1245–1248 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kamiyama, T.

T. Nakazato, M. Oyamada, N. Niimura, S. Urasawa, O. Konno, A. Kagaya, R. Kato, T. Kamiyama, Y. Torizuka, T. Nanba, Y. Kondo, Y. Shibata, K. Ishi, T. Oshak, and M. Ikezawa, “Observation of coherent synchrotron radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1245–1248 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kanai, T.

Y. Shibata, T. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. Ishi, M. Ikezawa, J. Ohkuma, S. Okuda, and T. Okada, “Diagnostics of an electron beam of a linear accelerator using coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 1479–1484 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kato, R.

T. Nakazato, M. Oyamada, N. Niimura, S. Urasawa, O. Konno, A. Kagaya, R. Kato, T. Kamiyama, Y. Torizuka, T. Nanba, Y. Kondo, Y. Shibata, K. Ishi, T. Oshak, and M. Ikezawa, “Observation of coherent synchrotron radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1245–1248 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kelley, M. J.

G. R. Neil, C. Behre, S. V. Benson, M. Bevins, G. Biallas, J. Boyce, J. Coleman, L. A. Dillon-Townes, D. Douglas, H. F. Dylla, R. Evans, A. Grippo, D. Gruber, J. Gubeli, D. Hardy, C. Hernandez-Garcia, K. Jordan, M. J. Kelley, L. Merminga, J. Mammosser, W. Moore, N. Nishimori, E. Pozdeyev, J. Preble, R. Rimmer, M. Shinn, T. Siggins, C. Tennant, R. Walker, G. P. Williams, and S. Zhang, “The JLab high power ERL light source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 557, 9–15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kheifets, S.

S. Kheifets and B. Zotter, “Shielding effects on coherent synchrotron radiation,” in Micro Bunches Workshop, E.B.Blum, M.Dienes, and J.B.Murphy, eds. (AIP, 1996), p. 424.

Klopf, J. M.

J. M. Klopf, A. Greer, J. Gubeli, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, T. SigginS, D. Waldman, G. P. Williams, A. Todd, V. Christina, and O. Chubar, “The Jefferson Lab high power THz user facility,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 582, 114–116(2007).
[CrossRef]

Kondo, Y.

T. Watanabe, J. Sugahara, T. Yoshimatsu, S. Sasaki, Y. Sugiyama, K. Ishi, Y. Shibata, Y. Kondo, K. Yoshii, T. Ueda, and M. Uesaka, “Overall comparison of subpicosecond electron beam diagnostics by the polychromator, the interferometer and the femtosecond streak camera,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 480, 315–327 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Nakazato, M. Oyamada, N. Niimura, S. Urasawa, O. Konno, A. Kagaya, R. Kato, T. Kamiyama, Y. Torizuka, T. Nanba, Y. Kondo, Y. Shibata, K. Ishi, T. Oshak, and M. Ikezawa, “Observation of coherent synchrotron radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1245–1248 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Konno, O.

T. Nakazato, M. Oyamada, N. Niimura, S. Urasawa, O. Konno, A. Kagaya, R. Kato, T. Kamiyama, Y. Torizuka, T. Nanba, Y. Kondo, Y. Shibata, K. Ishi, T. Oshak, and M. Ikezawa, “Observation of coherent synchrotron radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1245–1248 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lai, R.

R. Lai and A. J. Sievers, “On using the coherent far IR radiation produced by a charged-particle bunch to determine its shape: 1. Analysis,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 397, 221–231 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Schneider, M. G. Billing, R. Lai, and A. J. Sievers, “Comparison of electron bunch asymmetry as measured by energy analysis and coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. E 56, R3780–R3783 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mammosser, J.

G. R. Neil, C. Behre, S. V. Benson, M. Bevins, G. Biallas, J. Boyce, J. Coleman, L. A. Dillon-Townes, D. Douglas, H. F. Dylla, R. Evans, A. Grippo, D. Gruber, J. Gubeli, D. Hardy, C. Hernandez-Garcia, K. Jordan, M. J. Kelley, L. Merminga, J. Mammosser, W. Moore, N. Nishimori, E. Pozdeyev, J. Preble, R. Rimmer, M. Shinn, T. Siggins, C. Tennant, R. Walker, G. P. Williams, and S. Zhang, “The JLab high power ERL light source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 557, 9–15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Martin, M. C.

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, J. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, “High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons,” Nature 420, 153–156 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McKinney, W. R.

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, J. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, “High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons,” Nature 420, 153–156 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Merminga, L.

G. R. Neil, C. Behre, S. V. Benson, M. Bevins, G. Biallas, J. Boyce, J. Coleman, L. A. Dillon-Townes, D. Douglas, H. F. Dylla, R. Evans, A. Grippo, D. Gruber, J. Gubeli, D. Hardy, C. Hernandez-Garcia, K. Jordan, M. J. Kelley, L. Merminga, J. Mammosser, W. Moore, N. Nishimori, E. Pozdeyev, J. Preble, R. Rimmer, M. Shinn, T. Siggins, C. Tennant, R. Walker, G. P. Williams, and S. Zhang, “The JLab high power ERL light source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 557, 9–15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mihalcea, D.

D. Mihalcea, C. L. Bohn, U. Happek, and P. Piot, “Longitudinal electron bunch diagnostics using coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 9, 082801 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Moore, W.

G. R. Neil, C. Behre, S. V. Benson, M. Bevins, G. Biallas, J. Boyce, J. Coleman, L. A. Dillon-Townes, D. Douglas, H. F. Dylla, R. Evans, A. Grippo, D. Gruber, J. Gubeli, D. Hardy, C. Hernandez-Garcia, K. Jordan, M. J. Kelley, L. Merminga, J. Mammosser, W. Moore, N. Nishimori, E. Pozdeyev, J. Preble, R. Rimmer, M. Shinn, T. Siggins, C. Tennant, R. Walker, G. P. Williams, and S. Zhang, “The JLab high power ERL light source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 557, 9–15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nakazato, T.

T. Nakazato, M. Oyamada, N. Niimura, S. Urasawa, O. Konno, A. Kagaya, R. Kato, T. Kamiyama, Y. Torizuka, T. Nanba, Y. Kondo, Y. Shibata, K. Ishi, T. Oshak, and M. Ikezawa, “Observation of coherent synchrotron radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1245–1248 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nanba, T.

T. Nakazato, M. Oyamada, N. Niimura, S. Urasawa, O. Konno, A. Kagaya, R. Kato, T. Kamiyama, Y. Torizuka, T. Nanba, Y. Kondo, Y. Shibata, K. Ishi, T. Oshak, and M. Ikezawa, “Observation of coherent synchrotron radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1245–1248 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neil, G. R.

J. M. Klopf, A. Greer, J. Gubeli, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, T. SigginS, D. Waldman, G. P. Williams, A. Todd, V. Christina, and O. Chubar, “The Jefferson Lab high power THz user facility,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 582, 114–116(2007).
[CrossRef]

G. R. Neil, C. Behre, S. V. Benson, M. Bevins, G. Biallas, J. Boyce, J. Coleman, L. A. Dillon-Townes, D. Douglas, H. F. Dylla, R. Evans, A. Grippo, D. Gruber, J. Gubeli, D. Hardy, C. Hernandez-Garcia, K. Jordan, M. J. Kelley, L. Merminga, J. Mammosser, W. Moore, N. Nishimori, E. Pozdeyev, J. Preble, R. Rimmer, M. Shinn, T. Siggins, C. Tennant, R. Walker, G. P. Williams, and S. Zhang, “The JLab high power ERL light source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 557, 9–15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, J. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, “High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons,” Nature 420, 153–156 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Niimura, N.

T. Nakazato, M. Oyamada, N. Niimura, S. Urasawa, O. Konno, A. Kagaya, R. Kato, T. Kamiyama, Y. Torizuka, T. Nanba, Y. Kondo, Y. Shibata, K. Ishi, T. Oshak, and M. Ikezawa, “Observation of coherent synchrotron radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1245–1248 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nishimori, N.

G. R. Neil, C. Behre, S. V. Benson, M. Bevins, G. Biallas, J. Boyce, J. Coleman, L. A. Dillon-Townes, D. Douglas, H. F. Dylla, R. Evans, A. Grippo, D. Gruber, J. Gubeli, D. Hardy, C. Hernandez-Garcia, K. Jordan, M. J. Kelley, L. Merminga, J. Mammosser, W. Moore, N. Nishimori, E. Pozdeyev, J. Preble, R. Rimmer, M. Shinn, T. Siggins, C. Tennant, R. Walker, G. P. Williams, and S. Zhang, “The JLab high power ERL light source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 557, 9–15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ohkuma, J.

Y. Shibata, T. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. Ishi, M. Ikezawa, J. Ohkuma, S. Okuda, and T. Okada, “Diagnostics of an electron beam of a linear accelerator using coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 1479–1484 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Okada, T.

Y. Shibata, T. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. Ishi, M. Ikezawa, J. Ohkuma, S. Okuda, and T. Okada, “Diagnostics of an electron beam of a linear accelerator using coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 1479–1484 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Okuda, S.

Y. Shibata, T. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. Ishi, M. Ikezawa, J. Ohkuma, S. Okuda, and T. Okada, “Diagnostics of an electron beam of a linear accelerator using coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 1479–1484 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Oshak, T.

T. Nakazato, M. Oyamada, N. Niimura, S. Urasawa, O. Konno, A. Kagaya, R. Kato, T. Kamiyama, Y. Torizuka, T. Nanba, Y. Kondo, Y. Shibata, K. Ishi, T. Oshak, and M. Ikezawa, “Observation of coherent synchrotron radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1245–1248 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oyamada, M.

T. Nakazato, M. Oyamada, N. Niimura, S. Urasawa, O. Konno, A. Kagaya, R. Kato, T. Kamiyama, Y. Torizuka, T. Nanba, Y. Kondo, Y. Shibata, K. Ishi, T. Oshak, and M. Ikezawa, “Observation of coherent synchrotron radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1245–1248 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Piot, P.

D. Mihalcea, C. L. Bohn, U. Happek, and P. Piot, “Longitudinal electron bunch diagnostics using coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 9, 082801 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pozdeyev, E.

G. R. Neil, C. Behre, S. V. Benson, M. Bevins, G. Biallas, J. Boyce, J. Coleman, L. A. Dillon-Townes, D. Douglas, H. F. Dylla, R. Evans, A. Grippo, D. Gruber, J. Gubeli, D. Hardy, C. Hernandez-Garcia, K. Jordan, M. J. Kelley, L. Merminga, J. Mammosser, W. Moore, N. Nishimori, E. Pozdeyev, J. Preble, R. Rimmer, M. Shinn, T. Siggins, C. Tennant, R. Walker, G. P. Williams, and S. Zhang, “The JLab high power ERL light source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 557, 9–15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Preble, J.

G. R. Neil, C. Behre, S. V. Benson, M. Bevins, G. Biallas, J. Boyce, J. Coleman, L. A. Dillon-Townes, D. Douglas, H. F. Dylla, R. Evans, A. Grippo, D. Gruber, J. Gubeli, D. Hardy, C. Hernandez-Garcia, K. Jordan, M. J. Kelley, L. Merminga, J. Mammosser, W. Moore, N. Nishimori, E. Pozdeyev, J. Preble, R. Rimmer, M. Shinn, T. Siggins, C. Tennant, R. Walker, G. P. Williams, and S. Zhang, “The JLab high power ERL light source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 557, 9–15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rimmer, R.

G. R. Neil, C. Behre, S. V. Benson, M. Bevins, G. Biallas, J. Boyce, J. Coleman, L. A. Dillon-Townes, D. Douglas, H. F. Dylla, R. Evans, A. Grippo, D. Gruber, J. Gubeli, D. Hardy, C. Hernandez-Garcia, K. Jordan, M. J. Kelley, L. Merminga, J. Mammosser, W. Moore, N. Nishimori, E. Pozdeyev, J. Preble, R. Rimmer, M. Shinn, T. Siggins, C. Tennant, R. Walker, G. P. Williams, and S. Zhang, “The JLab high power ERL light source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 557, 9–15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, S.

T. Watanabe, J. Sugahara, T. Yoshimatsu, S. Sasaki, Y. Sugiyama, K. Ishi, Y. Shibata, Y. Kondo, K. Yoshii, T. Ueda, and M. Uesaka, “Overall comparison of subpicosecond electron beam diagnostics by the polychromator, the interferometer and the femtosecond streak camera,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 480, 315–327 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, G.

G. Schneider, M. G. Billing, R. Lai, and A. J. Sievers, “Comparison of electron bunch asymmetry as measured by energy analysis and coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. E 56, R3780–R3783 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shibata, Y.

T. Watanabe, J. Sugahara, T. Yoshimatsu, S. Sasaki, Y. Sugiyama, K. Ishi, Y. Shibata, Y. Kondo, K. Yoshii, T. Ueda, and M. Uesaka, “Overall comparison of subpicosecond electron beam diagnostics by the polychromator, the interferometer and the femtosecond streak camera,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 480, 315–327 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shibata, T. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. Ishi, M. Ikezawa, J. Ohkuma, S. Okuda, and T. Okada, “Diagnostics of an electron beam of a linear accelerator using coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 1479–1484 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. Nakazato, M. Oyamada, N. Niimura, S. Urasawa, O. Konno, A. Kagaya, R. Kato, T. Kamiyama, Y. Torizuka, T. Nanba, Y. Kondo, Y. Shibata, K. Ishi, T. Oshak, and M. Ikezawa, “Observation of coherent synchrotron radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1245–1248 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shinn, M.

J. M. Klopf, A. Greer, J. Gubeli, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, T. SigginS, D. Waldman, G. P. Williams, A. Todd, V. Christina, and O. Chubar, “The Jefferson Lab high power THz user facility,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 582, 114–116(2007).
[CrossRef]

G. R. Neil, C. Behre, S. V. Benson, M. Bevins, G. Biallas, J. Boyce, J. Coleman, L. A. Dillon-Townes, D. Douglas, H. F. Dylla, R. Evans, A. Grippo, D. Gruber, J. Gubeli, D. Hardy, C. Hernandez-Garcia, K. Jordan, M. J. Kelley, L. Merminga, J. Mammosser, W. Moore, N. Nishimori, E. Pozdeyev, J. Preble, R. Rimmer, M. Shinn, T. Siggins, C. Tennant, R. Walker, G. P. Williams, and S. Zhang, “The JLab high power ERL light source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 557, 9–15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sievers, A. J.

N. I. Agladze and A. J. Sievers, “Holographic Fourier transform spectrometer for terahertz region,” Opt. Lett. 35, 664–666 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. I. Agladze and A. J. Sievers, “Miniaturization of holographic Fourier-transform spectrometers,” Appl. Opt. 43, 6568–6579(2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Lai and A. J. Sievers, “On using the coherent far IR radiation produced by a charged-particle bunch to determine its shape: 1. Analysis,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 397, 221–231 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Schneider, M. G. Billing, R. Lai, and A. J. Sievers, “Comparison of electron bunch asymmetry as measured by energy analysis and coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. E 56, R3780–R3783 (1997).
[CrossRef]

SigginS, T.

J. M. Klopf, A. Greer, J. Gubeli, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, T. SigginS, D. Waldman, G. P. Williams, A. Todd, V. Christina, and O. Chubar, “The Jefferson Lab high power THz user facility,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 582, 114–116(2007).
[CrossRef]

G. R. Neil, C. Behre, S. V. Benson, M. Bevins, G. Biallas, J. Boyce, J. Coleman, L. A. Dillon-Townes, D. Douglas, H. F. Dylla, R. Evans, A. Grippo, D. Gruber, J. Gubeli, D. Hardy, C. Hernandez-Garcia, K. Jordan, M. J. Kelley, L. Merminga, J. Mammosser, W. Moore, N. Nishimori, E. Pozdeyev, J. Preble, R. Rimmer, M. Shinn, T. Siggins, C. Tennant, R. Walker, G. P. Williams, and S. Zhang, “The JLab high power ERL light source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 557, 9–15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sugahara, J.

T. Watanabe, J. Sugahara, T. Yoshimatsu, S. Sasaki, Y. Sugiyama, K. Ishi, Y. Shibata, Y. Kondo, K. Yoshii, T. Ueda, and M. Uesaka, “Overall comparison of subpicosecond electron beam diagnostics by the polychromator, the interferometer and the femtosecond streak camera,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 480, 315–327 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sugiyama, Y.

T. Watanabe, J. Sugahara, T. Yoshimatsu, S. Sasaki, Y. Sugiyama, K. Ishi, Y. Shibata, Y. Kondo, K. Yoshii, T. Ueda, and M. Uesaka, “Overall comparison of subpicosecond electron beam diagnostics by the polychromator, the interferometer and the femtosecond streak camera,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 480, 315–327 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, T.

Y. Shibata, T. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. Ishi, M. Ikezawa, J. Ohkuma, S. Okuda, and T. Okada, “Diagnostics of an electron beam of a linear accelerator using coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 1479–1484 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tennant, C.

G. R. Neil, C. Behre, S. V. Benson, M. Bevins, G. Biallas, J. Boyce, J. Coleman, L. A. Dillon-Townes, D. Douglas, H. F. Dylla, R. Evans, A. Grippo, D. Gruber, J. Gubeli, D. Hardy, C. Hernandez-Garcia, K. Jordan, M. J. Kelley, L. Merminga, J. Mammosser, W. Moore, N. Nishimori, E. Pozdeyev, J. Preble, R. Rimmer, M. Shinn, T. Siggins, C. Tennant, R. Walker, G. P. Williams, and S. Zhang, “The JLab high power ERL light source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 557, 9–15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Todd, A.

J. M. Klopf, A. Greer, J. Gubeli, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, T. SigginS, D. Waldman, G. P. Williams, A. Todd, V. Christina, and O. Chubar, “The Jefferson Lab high power THz user facility,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 582, 114–116(2007).
[CrossRef]

Torizuka, Y.

T. Nakazato, M. Oyamada, N. Niimura, S. Urasawa, O. Konno, A. Kagaya, R. Kato, T. Kamiyama, Y. Torizuka, T. Nanba, Y. Kondo, Y. Shibata, K. Ishi, T. Oshak, and M. Ikezawa, “Observation of coherent synchrotron radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1245–1248 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ueda, T.

T. Watanabe, J. Sugahara, T. Yoshimatsu, S. Sasaki, Y. Sugiyama, K. Ishi, Y. Shibata, Y. Kondo, K. Yoshii, T. Ueda, and M. Uesaka, “Overall comparison of subpicosecond electron beam diagnostics by the polychromator, the interferometer and the femtosecond streak camera,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 480, 315–327 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Uesaka, M.

T. Watanabe, J. Sugahara, T. Yoshimatsu, S. Sasaki, Y. Sugiyama, K. Ishi, Y. Shibata, Y. Kondo, K. Yoshii, T. Ueda, and M. Uesaka, “Overall comparison of subpicosecond electron beam diagnostics by the polychromator, the interferometer and the femtosecond streak camera,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 480, 315–327 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Urasawa, S.

T. Nakazato, M. Oyamada, N. Niimura, S. Urasawa, O. Konno, A. Kagaya, R. Kato, T. Kamiyama, Y. Torizuka, T. Nanba, Y. Kondo, Y. Shibata, K. Ishi, T. Oshak, and M. Ikezawa, “Observation of coherent synchrotron radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1245–1248 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Waldman, D.

J. M. Klopf, A. Greer, J. Gubeli, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, T. SigginS, D. Waldman, G. P. Williams, A. Todd, V. Christina, and O. Chubar, “The Jefferson Lab high power THz user facility,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 582, 114–116(2007).
[CrossRef]

Walker, R.

G. R. Neil, C. Behre, S. V. Benson, M. Bevins, G. Biallas, J. Boyce, J. Coleman, L. A. Dillon-Townes, D. Douglas, H. F. Dylla, R. Evans, A. Grippo, D. Gruber, J. Gubeli, D. Hardy, C. Hernandez-Garcia, K. Jordan, M. J. Kelley, L. Merminga, J. Mammosser, W. Moore, N. Nishimori, E. Pozdeyev, J. Preble, R. Rimmer, M. Shinn, T. Siggins, C. Tennant, R. Walker, G. P. Williams, and S. Zhang, “The JLab high power ERL light source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 557, 9–15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, T.

T. Watanabe, J. Sugahara, T. Yoshimatsu, S. Sasaki, Y. Sugiyama, K. Ishi, Y. Shibata, Y. Kondo, K. Yoshii, T. Ueda, and M. Uesaka, “Overall comparison of subpicosecond electron beam diagnostics by the polychromator, the interferometer and the femtosecond streak camera,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 480, 315–327 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Williams, G. P.

J. M. Klopf, A. Greer, J. Gubeli, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, T. SigginS, D. Waldman, G. P. Williams, A. Todd, V. Christina, and O. Chubar, “The Jefferson Lab high power THz user facility,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 582, 114–116(2007).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Williams, “Filling the THz gap—high power sources and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 301–326 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. R. Neil, C. Behre, S. V. Benson, M. Bevins, G. Biallas, J. Boyce, J. Coleman, L. A. Dillon-Townes, D. Douglas, H. F. Dylla, R. Evans, A. Grippo, D. Gruber, J. Gubeli, D. Hardy, C. Hernandez-Garcia, K. Jordan, M. J. Kelley, L. Merminga, J. Mammosser, W. Moore, N. Nishimori, E. Pozdeyev, J. Preble, R. Rimmer, M. Shinn, T. Siggins, C. Tennant, R. Walker, G. P. Williams, and S. Zhang, “The JLab high power ERL light source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 557, 9–15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, J. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, “High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons,” Nature 420, 153–156 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoshii, K.

T. Watanabe, J. Sugahara, T. Yoshimatsu, S. Sasaki, Y. Sugiyama, K. Ishi, Y. Shibata, Y. Kondo, K. Yoshii, T. Ueda, and M. Uesaka, “Overall comparison of subpicosecond electron beam diagnostics by the polychromator, the interferometer and the femtosecond streak camera,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 480, 315–327 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yoshimatsu, T.

T. Watanabe, J. Sugahara, T. Yoshimatsu, S. Sasaki, Y. Sugiyama, K. Ishi, Y. Shibata, Y. Kondo, K. Yoshii, T. Ueda, and M. Uesaka, “Overall comparison of subpicosecond electron beam diagnostics by the polychromator, the interferometer and the femtosecond streak camera,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 480, 315–327 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S.

G. R. Neil, C. Behre, S. V. Benson, M. Bevins, G. Biallas, J. Boyce, J. Coleman, L. A. Dillon-Townes, D. Douglas, H. F. Dylla, R. Evans, A. Grippo, D. Gruber, J. Gubeli, D. Hardy, C. Hernandez-Garcia, K. Jordan, M. J. Kelley, L. Merminga, J. Mammosser, W. Moore, N. Nishimori, E. Pozdeyev, J. Preble, R. Rimmer, M. Shinn, T. Siggins, C. Tennant, R. Walker, G. P. Williams, and S. Zhang, “The JLab high power ERL light source,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 557, 9–15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zotter, B.

S. Kheifets and B. Zotter, “Shielding effects on coherent synchrotron radiation,” in Micro Bunches Workshop, E.B.Blum, M.Dienes, and J.B.Murphy, eds. (AIP, 1996), p. 424.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Nature (1)

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, J. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, “High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons,” Nature 420, 153–156 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (4)

R. Lai and A. J. Sievers, “On using the coherent far IR radiation produced by a charged-particle bunch to determine its shape: 1. Analysis,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 397, 221–231 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Watanabe, J. Sugahara, T. Yoshimatsu, S. Sasaki, Y. Sugiyama, K. Ishi, Y. Shibata, Y. Kondo, K. Yoshii, T. Ueda, and M. Uesaka, “Overall comparison of subpicosecond electron beam diagnostics by the polychromator, the interferometer and the femtosecond streak camera,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 480, 315–327 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical setup of the tilt interferometer based holographic FTS: 1, fore optics ( 45 ° off-axis parabolic mirror); 2, beam splitter; 3,4, shutters; 5,6, out-of-plane tilted mirrors; 7,8, two halves of the split Fourier transform system ( 30 ° off-axis parabolic mirrors); 9, array detector.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup at the Jefferson Laboratory for testing the THz HFTS. Foreground: The THz radiation is delivered from the accelerator through the vacuum transfer line and is focused on the output diamond window (1). The white line identifies the THz radiation optical path. It is collimated by the parabolic reflector (2). An intermediate focus for sample transmission measurements is formed between the two parabolic reflectors (3) and (4). Mirror (5) sends the collimated beam to the interferometer (7). The interference pattern is analyzed with the pyroelectric array detector (8). Background: a removable mirror (6) is used to send the THz beam to a separate experimental setup (9).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Coherent synchrotron radiation interference patterns for different electron bunch lengths and corresponding coherent synchrotron spectra. The larger the frequency interval of the spectrum, the shorter the bunch. The narrowest bunches occur when the gradient field in the RF cavities is between 70 and 140 keV . The Pyrocam array has a highly nonuniform spectral response that is due to the channel spectrum produced in the elements.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Comparison of coherent synchrotron spectra measured with a scanning Michelson interferometer and for the THz HFTS. Solid curve, THz HFTS; dot–dash curve: Michelson interferometer with the same detector; dashed curve, Michelson interferometer with a Golay cell.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Transmission spectrum of a THz bandpass filter: solid curve, spectrum measured with the THz HFTS; dashed curve, spectrum measured with a lamellar scanning FTS.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Transmission spectrum of a silicon wafer: solid curve, spectrum measured by the THz HFTS; dashed curve, channel spectrum measured with a lamellar scanning FTS; dotted curve, the lamellar spectrum fit using Eq. (3). The Si surface roughness reduces the modulation amplitude.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

THz HFTS transmission spectrum of the silicon wafer compared with the two-channel model: solid curve, HFTS transmission spectrum; dashed cuve, fit to the superposition of two-channel spectra with two different scales using Eq. (4).

Equations (4)

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I ( x , y ) = 0 I 0 ( σ , x , y ) { τ 2 + ( 1 τ ) 2 + 2 τ ( 1 τ ) cos [ ( 2 π σ y ) 2 sin ( α / 2 ) ] } B ( σ ) d σ ,
I c ( x , y ) = [ I ( x , y ) I 0 ( x , y ) ] / k ( x , y ) .
T ( σ ) = 16 n 2 ( n + 1 ) 4 [ 1 + ( n 1 ) 4 ( n + 1 ) 4 + 2 ( n 1 ) 2 ( n + 1 ) 2 cos ( 4 π σ n d + φ ) ] ,
T ( σ ) = A + C { D cos ( 4 π σ n d + φ ) + ( 1 D ) cos [ 4 π σ n d sin ( α / 2 ) / sin ( α / 2 + δ ) + φ ] } ,

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