Abstract

The imaging performance of large ground-based astronomical telescopes is compromised by dynamic wavefront aberration caused by atmospheric turbulence. Techniques to measure and correct the aberration in real time, collectively called adaptive optics (AO), have been developed over the past half century, but it is only within the past decade that the delivery of diffraction-limited image quality at near- and mid-infrared wavelengths at many of the world’s biggest telescopes has become routine. Exploitation of this new capability has led to a number of ground-breaking astronomical results, which has in turn spurred the continued development of AO to address ever more technical challenges that limit its scientific applicability. I review the present state of the art, highlight a number of noteworthy scientific results, and outline several ongoing experiments designed to broaden the scope of observations that can be undertaken with AO. In particular, I explore the significant advances required in AO technology to satisfy the needs for a new generation of extremely large telescopes of diameter 25m and larger that are now being designed.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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2010 (1)

D. Peter, M. Feldt, T. Henning, S. Hippler, J. Aceituno, L. Montoya, J. Costa, and B. Dorner, “PYRAMIR: exploring the on-sky performance of the world's first near-infrared pyramid wavefront sensor,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 122, 63-70(2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (13)

P. L. Wizinowich and R. Campbell, “W.M. Keck Observatory adaptive optics science capabilities,” Bull. Am. Astron. Soc. 41, 725 (2009).

L. Meyer, T. Do, A. Ghez, M. R. Morris, S. Yelda, R. Schödel, A., and Eckart, “A power-law break in the near-infrared power spectrum of the Galactic center black hole,” Astrophys. J. 694, L87-L91 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Ghez, “Adaptive optics and the Galactic center: a tool and a laboratory for fundamental astrophysics and galactic nuclei,” Bull. Am. Astron. Soc. 41, 743 (2009).

A. Moretti, G. Piotto, C. Arcidiacono, A. P. Milone, R. Ragazzoni, R. Falomo, J. Farinato, L. R. Bedin, J. Anderson, A. Sarajedini, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, M. Lombini, R. Brast, R. Donaldson, J. Kolb, E. Marchetti, and S. Tordo, “MCAO near-IR photometry of the globular cluster NGC 6388: MAD observations in crowded fields,” Astron. Astrophys. 493, 539-546 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Wong, F. Marchis, E. Marchetti, P. Amico, H. Bouy, and I. de Pater, “A shift in Jupiter's equatorial haze distribution imaged with the multi-conjugate adaptive optics demonstrator at the VLT,” Bull. Am. Astron. Soc. 41, 561 (2009).

J.-G. Cuby, S. Morris, P. Parr-Burman, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, D. Le Mignant, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J.-P. Amans, F. Assemat, S. Beard, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J.-L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, H. McGregor, T. Morris, B. Neichel, M. Puech, C. Robert, S. Rolt, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivès, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU working in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390J (2009).

M. Hart, N. M. Milton, C. Baranec, T. Stalcup, K. Powell, E. Bendek, D. McCarthy, and C. Kulesa, “Wide field astronomical image compensation with multiple laser-guided adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 7468, 74680L (2009).

F. Martinache and O. Guyon, “The Subaru coronagraphic extreme-AO project,” Proc. SPIE 7440, 74400 (2009).

S. Gladysz and J. Christou, “Reference-less detection, astrometry, and photometry of faint companions with adaptive optics,” Astrophys. J. 698, 28-42 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Bouchez, R. G. Dekany, J. R. Angione, C. Baranec, K. Bui, R. S. Burruss, J. R. Crepp, E. E. Croner, J. L. Cromer, S. R. Guiwits, D. D. S. Hale, J. R. Henning, D. Palmer, J. E. Roberts, M. Troy, T. N. Truong, and J. Zolkowerc, “Status of the PALM-3000 high-order adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390H (2009).

A. Moretti, C. Arcidiacono, M. Lombini, G. Piotto, R. Falomo, J. Farinato, R. Ragazzoni, A. Barulo, and E. Marchetti, “MAD@VLT observations in layer oriented mode: first results,” Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 80, 139-140 (2009).

J. Atwood, P. Byrnes, and G. Herriot, “NFIRAOS: the optical design of an adaptive optics system for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390G (2009).

C. E. Max, “Introduction to adaptive optics,” Bull. Am. Astron. Soc. 41, 711 (2009).

2008 (13)

R. Arsenault, P.-Y. Madec, N. Hubin, J. Paufique, S. Stroebele, C. Soenke, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, S. Oberti, S. Tordo, M. Downing, M. Kiekebusch, R. Conzelmann, M. Duchateau, A. Jost, W. Hackenberg, D. Bonaccini Calia, B. Delabre, R. Stuik, R. Biasi, D. Gallieni, P. Lazzarini, M. Lelouarn, and A. Glindeman, “ESO adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701524 (2008).

D. Gavel, R. Dekany, C. Max, P. Wizinowich, S. Adkins, B. Bauman, J. Bell, E. Johansson, R. Kupke, C. Lockwood, A. Moore, C. Neyman, M. Reinig, and V. Velur, “Concept for the Keck Next Generation Adaptive Optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701567 (2008).

M. Johns, “The Giant Magellan Telescope (GMT),” Proc. SPIE 6986, 698603 (2008).

J. Nelson and G. Sanders, “The status of the Thirty Meter Telescope project,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70121A (2008).

R. Gilmozzi and J. Spyromilio, “The 42 m European ELT: status,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 701219 (2008).

R. Arsenault, P.-Y. Madec, N. Hubin, J. Paufique, S. Stroebele, C. Soenke, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, S. Oberti, S. Tordo, M. Downing, M. Kiekebusch, R. Conzelmann, M. Duchateau, A. Jost, W. Hackenberg, D. Bonaccini Calia, B. Delabre, R. Stuik, R. Biasi, D. Gallieni, P. Lazzarini, M. Lelouarn, and A. Glindeman, “ESO adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701524 (2008).

B. A. Macintosh, J. R. Graham, D. W. Palmer, R. Doyon, J. Dunn, D. T. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, D. A. Erickson, C. Marois, L. A. Poyneer, R. Soummer, “The Gemini Planet Imager: from science to design to construction,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701518 (2008).

S. Cornelissen, P. Bierden, and T. Bifano, “A 4096 element continous facesheet MEMS deformable mirror for high-contrast imaging,” Proc. SPIE 6888, 68880V (2008).

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).

M. Boccas, F. Rigaut, D. Gratadour, C. d'Orgeville, M. Bec, F. Daruich, G. Perez, G. Arriagada, S. Bombino, C. Carter, C. Cavedoni, F. Collao, P. Collins, P. Diaz, A. Ebbers, R. Galvez, G. Gausachs, S. Hardash, E. James, S. Karewicz, M. Lazo, D. Maltes, R. Mouser, R. Rogers, R. Rojas, M. Sheehan, G. Trancho, V. Vergara, and T. Vucina, “GeMS: Gemini MCAO system: current status and commissioning plans,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150X (2008).

R. Genzel, A. Burkert, N. Bouch, G. Cresci, N. M. Förster Schreiber, A. Shapley, K. Shapiro, L. J. Tacconi, P. Buschkamp, A. Cimatti, E. Daddi, R. Davies, F. Eisenhauer, D. K. Erb, S. Genel, O. Gerhard, E. Hicks, D. Lutz, T. Naab, T. Ott, S. Rabien, A. Renzini, C. C. Steidel, A. Sternberg, and S. J. Lilly, “From rings to bulges: evidence for rapid secular galaxy evolution at z~2 from integral field spectroscopy in the SINS survey,” Astrophys. J. 687, 59-77 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Marois, B. Macintosh, T. Barman, B. Zuckerman, I. Song, J. Patience, D. Lafrenière, and R. Doyon, “Direct imaging of multiple planets orbiting the star HR 8799,” Science 322, 1348-1352 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hayano, H. Takami, O. Guyon, S. Oya, M. Hattori, Y. Saito, M. Watanabe, N. Murakami, Y. Minowa, M. Ito, S. Colley, M. Eldred, T. Golota, M. Dinkins, N. Kashikawa, and M. Iye, “Current status of the laser guide star adaptive optics system for Subaru telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701510 (2008).

2007 (3)

C. A. Trujillo, F. Rigaut, D. Gratadour, and M. Hartung, “Science using the Gemini North laser adaptive optics system,” Bull. Am. Astron. Soc. 39, 748 (2007).

J. H. Rhee, I. Song, B. Zuckerman, and M. McElwain, “Characterization of dusty debris disks: the IRAS and Hipparcos catalogs,” Astrophys. J. 660, 1556-1571 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. Hubin, J. Kolb, J.-L. Lizon, M. Marchesi, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, C. Soenke, S. Tordo, A. Baruffolo, P. Bagnara, and the CAMCAO Consortium, “On-sky testing of the Multi-conjugate Adaptive optics Demonstrator,” Messenger 129, 8-13 (2007).

2005 (3)

O. Guyon, E. A. Pluzhnik, R. Galicher, F. Martinache, S. T. Ridgway, and R. A. Woodruff, “Exoplanet imaging with a phase-induced amplitude apodization coronagraph. I. Principle,” Astrophys. J. 622, 744-758 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Ghez, S. D. Hornstein, J. R. Lu, A. Bouchez, D. Le Mignant, M. van Dam, P. L. Wizinowich, K. Matthews, M. Morris, E. E. Becklin, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, S. K. Hartman, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, P. J. Stomski, and D. M. Summers, “The first laser guide star adaptive optics observations of the Galactic center: Sgr A*'s infrared color and the extended red emission in its vicinity,” Astrophys. J. 635, 1087-1094 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Berkefeld, D. Soltau, and O. von der Lühe, “Results of the multi-conjugate adaptive optics system at the German solar telescope, Tenerife,” Proc. SPIE 5903, 219-226 (2005).

2004 (5)

M. A. Kenworthy, D. L. Miller, G. Brusa, P. M. Hinz, D. L. Fisher, M. Lloyd-Hart, F. P. Wildi, D. W. McCarthy, D. L. Curley, C. Kulesa, P. A. Young, B. D. Oppenheimer, W. Liu, M. R. Meyer, and J. Greissl, “Scientific results from the MMT natural guide star adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 351-358 (2004).

F. Hammer, M. Puech, F. F. Assemat, E. Gendron, F. Sayede, P. Laporte, M. Marteaud, A. Liotard, and F. Zamkotsian, “FALCON: a concept to extend adaptive optics corrections to cosmological fields,” Proc. SPIE 5382, 727-736(2004).

T. Stalcup, J. Georges, M. Snyder, C. Baranec, N. Putnam, M. Milton, R. Angel, and M. Lloyd-Hart, “Field tests of wavefront sensing with multiple Rayleigh laser guide stars and dynamic refocus,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 1021-1032 (2004).

M. Langlois, T. Rimmele, and G. Moretto, “Solar multiconjugate adaptive optics at the Dunn Solar Telescope: preliminary results,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 59-66 (2004).

P. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, A. Bouchez, J. Chin, A. Contos, S. Hartman, E. Johansson, R. Lafon, C. Neyman, P. Stomski, D. Summers, M. van Dam, “Adaptive optics developments at Keck Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 1-11 (2004).

2003 (1)

R. Q. Fugate, “The Starfire Optical Range 3.5 m Adaptive Optical Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 4837, 934-943 (2003).

2002 (2)

L. C. Roberts and C. R. Neyman, “Characterization of the AEOS adaptive optics system,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 114, 1260-1266 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. Brandner, G. Rousset, R. Lenzen, N. Hubin, F. Lacombe, R. Hofmann, A. Moorwood, A.-M. Lagrange, E. Gendron, M. Hartung, P. Puget, N. Ageorges, P. Biereichel, H. Bouy, J. Charton, G. Dumont, T. Fusco, Y. Jung, M. Lehnert, J.-L. Lizon, G. Monnet, D. Mouillet, C. Moutou, D. Rabaud, C. Röhrle, S. Skole, J. Spyromilio, C. Storz, L. Tacconi-Garman, and G. Zins, “NAOS+CONICA at Yepun: first VLT adaptive optics system sees first light,” Messenger 107, 1-6 (2002).

2000 (4)

M. Troy, R. G. Dekany, G. Brack, B. R. Oppenheimer, E. E. Bloemhof, T. Trinh, F. G. Dekens, F. Shi, T. L. Hayward, and B. Brandl, “Palomar adaptive optics project: status and performance,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 31-40 (2000).

R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, A. Baruffolo, E. Marchetti, J. Farinato, T. Niero, G. Crimi, and M. Ghigo, “Testing the pyramid wavefront sensor on the sky,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 423-430 (2000).

R. Ragazzoni, E. Marchetti, and G. Valente, “Adaptive-optics corrections available for the whole sky,” Nature 403, 54-56(2000).

M. Lloyd-Hart, “Thermal performance enhancement of adaptive optics by use of an adaptive secondary mirror,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 112, 264-272 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

R. Racine, G. A. H. Walker, D. Nadeau, R. Doyon, and C. Marois, “Speckle noise and the detection of faint companions,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 111, 587-594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

T. R. Rimmele and R. R. Radick, “Solar adaptive optics at the National Solar Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 3353, 72-81 (1998).

1997 (1)

S. S. Olivier, C. E. Max, H. W. Friedman, J. R. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, and K. E. Waltjen, “First significant image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system at Lick Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 3126, 240-248 (1997).

1996 (1)

R. Ragazzoni, “Pupil plane wavefront sensing with an oscillating prism,” J. Mod. Opt. 43, 289-293 (1996).

1994 (2)

R. Arsenault, D. A. Salmon, J. M. Kerr, F. J. Rigaut, D. Crampton, and W. A. Grundmann, “PUEO: the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope adaptive optics bonnette. I: system description,” Proc. SPIE 2201, 833-842 (1994).

R. Q. Fugate, B. L. Ellerbroek, C. H. Higgins, M. P. Jelonek, W. J. Lange, A. C. Slavin, W. J. Wild, D. M. Winker, J. M. Wynia, J. M. Spinhirne, B. R. Boeke, R. E. Ruane, J. F. Moroney, M. D. Oliker, D. W. Swindle, and R. A. Cleis, “Two generations of laser-guide-star adaptive-optics experiments at the Starfire Optical Range,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 11, 310-324 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

N. Hubin, J.-L. Beuzit, P. Gigan, P. Léna, P.-Y. Madec, G. Rousset, C. Boyer, J.-P. Gaffard, J.-C. Richard, M. Vittot, F. Rigaut, E. Gendron, and F. Merkle, “New adaptive optics prototype system for the ESO 3.6 m telescope: Come-on-Plus,” Proc. SPIE 1780, 850-861 (1993).

1991 (1)

R. Q. Fugate, D. L. Fried, G. A. Ameer, B. R. Boeke, S. L. Browne, P. H. Roberts, R. E. Ruane, G. A. Tyler and L. M. Wopat, “Measurement of atmospheric wavefront distortion using scattered light from a laser guide-star,” Nature 353, 144-146 (1991).

1990 (1)

R. Angel, P. Wizinowich, M. Lloyd-Hart, and D. Sandler, “Adaptive optics for array telescopes using neural-network techniques,” Nature 348, 221-224 (1990).

1988 (1)

1977 (2)

1975 (1)

R. H. Dicke, “Phase-contrast detection of telescope seeing errors and their correction,” Astrophys. J. 198, 605-615 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

G. E. Moore, “Cramming more components onto integrated circuits,” Electronics 38, 4-7 (1965).

1957 (1)

V. P. Linnik, “On the possibility of reducing atmospheric seeing in the image quality of stars,” Opt. Spectrosc. 3, 401-402 (1957).

1953 (1)

H. W. Babcock, “The possibility of compensating astronomical seeing,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 65, 229-236 (1953).
[CrossRef]

Aceituno, J.

D. Peter, M. Feldt, T. Henning, S. Hippler, J. Aceituno, L. Montoya, J. Costa, and B. Dorner, “PYRAMIR: exploring the on-sky performance of the world's first near-infrared pyramid wavefront sensor,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 122, 63-70(2010).
[CrossRef]

Adkins, S.

D. Gavel, R. Dekany, C. Max, P. Wizinowich, S. Adkins, B. Bauman, J. Bell, E. Johansson, R. Kupke, C. Lockwood, A. Moore, C. Neyman, M. Reinig, and V. Velur, “Concept for the Keck Next Generation Adaptive Optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701567 (2008).

Ageorges, N.

W. Brandner, G. Rousset, R. Lenzen, N. Hubin, F. Lacombe, R. Hofmann, A. Moorwood, A.-M. Lagrange, E. Gendron, M. Hartung, P. Puget, N. Ageorges, P. Biereichel, H. Bouy, J. Charton, G. Dumont, T. Fusco, Y. Jung, M. Lehnert, J.-L. Lizon, G. Monnet, D. Mouillet, C. Moutou, D. Rabaud, C. Röhrle, S. Skole, J. Spyromilio, C. Storz, L. Tacconi-Garman, and G. Zins, “NAOS+CONICA at Yepun: first VLT adaptive optics system sees first light,” Messenger 107, 1-6 (2002).

Amans, J.-P.

J.-G. Cuby, S. Morris, P. Parr-Burman, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, D. Le Mignant, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J.-P. Amans, F. Assemat, S. Beard, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J.-L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, H. McGregor, T. Morris, B. Neichel, M. Puech, C. Robert, S. Rolt, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivès, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU working in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390J (2009).

Ameer, G. A.

R. Q. Fugate, D. L. Fried, G. A. Ameer, B. R. Boeke, S. L. Browne, P. H. Roberts, R. E. Ruane, G. A. Tyler and L. M. Wopat, “Measurement of atmospheric wavefront distortion using scattered light from a laser guide-star,” Nature 353, 144-146 (1991).

Amico, P.

M. H. Wong, F. Marchis, E. Marchetti, P. Amico, H. Bouy, and I. de Pater, “A shift in Jupiter's equatorial haze distribution imaged with the multi-conjugate adaptive optics demonstrator at the VLT,” Bull. Am. Astron. Soc. 41, 561 (2009).

Ammons, S. M.

S. M. Ammons, L. Johnson, E. A. Laag, R. Kupke, D. T. Gavel, B. J. Bauman, and C. E. Max, “Integrated laboratory demonstrations of multi-object adaptive optics on a simulated 10-meter telescope at visible wavelengths,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. (submitted).

An, J. R.

S. S. Olivier, C. E. Max, H. W. Friedman, J. R. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, and K. E. Waltjen, “First significant image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system at Lick Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 3126, 240-248 (1997).

Anderson, J.

A. Moretti, G. Piotto, C. Arcidiacono, A. P. Milone, R. Ragazzoni, R. Falomo, J. Farinato, L. R. Bedin, J. Anderson, A. Sarajedini, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, M. Lombini, R. Brast, R. Donaldson, J. Kolb, E. Marchetti, and S. Tordo, “MCAO near-IR photometry of the globular cluster NGC 6388: MAD observations in crowded fields,” Astron. Astrophys. 493, 539-546 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Angel, R.

T. Stalcup, J. Georges, M. Snyder, C. Baranec, N. Putnam, M. Milton, R. Angel, and M. Lloyd-Hart, “Field tests of wavefront sensing with multiple Rayleigh laser guide stars and dynamic refocus,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 1021-1032 (2004).

R. Angel, P. Wizinowich, M. Lloyd-Hart, and D. Sandler, “Adaptive optics for array telescopes using neural-network techniques,” Nature 348, 221-224 (1990).

Angione, J. R.

A. H. Bouchez, R. G. Dekany, J. R. Angione, C. Baranec, K. Bui, R. S. Burruss, J. R. Crepp, E. E. Croner, J. L. Cromer, S. R. Guiwits, D. D. S. Hale, J. R. Henning, D. Palmer, J. E. Roberts, M. Troy, T. N. Truong, and J. Zolkowerc, “Status of the PALM-3000 high-order adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390H (2009).

Arcidiacono, C.

A. Moretti, C. Arcidiacono, M. Lombini, G. Piotto, R. Falomo, J. Farinato, R. Ragazzoni, A. Barulo, and E. Marchetti, “MAD@VLT observations in layer oriented mode: first results,” Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 80, 139-140 (2009).

A. Moretti, G. Piotto, C. Arcidiacono, A. P. Milone, R. Ragazzoni, R. Falomo, J. Farinato, L. R. Bedin, J. Anderson, A. Sarajedini, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, M. Lombini, R. Brast, R. Donaldson, J. Kolb, E. Marchetti, and S. Tordo, “MCAO near-IR photometry of the globular cluster NGC 6388: MAD observations in crowded fields,” Astron. Astrophys. 493, 539-546 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Arriagada, G.

M. Boccas, F. Rigaut, D. Gratadour, C. d'Orgeville, M. Bec, F. Daruich, G. Perez, G. Arriagada, S. Bombino, C. Carter, C. Cavedoni, F. Collao, P. Collins, P. Diaz, A. Ebbers, R. Galvez, G. Gausachs, S. Hardash, E. James, S. Karewicz, M. Lazo, D. Maltes, R. Mouser, R. Rogers, R. Rojas, M. Sheehan, G. Trancho, V. Vergara, and T. Vucina, “GeMS: Gemini MCAO system: current status and commissioning plans,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150X (2008).

Arsenault, R.

R. Arsenault, P.-Y. Madec, N. Hubin, J. Paufique, S. Stroebele, C. Soenke, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, S. Oberti, S. Tordo, M. Downing, M. Kiekebusch, R. Conzelmann, M. Duchateau, A. Jost, W. Hackenberg, D. Bonaccini Calia, B. Delabre, R. Stuik, R. Biasi, D. Gallieni, P. Lazzarini, M. Lelouarn, and A. Glindeman, “ESO adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701524 (2008).

R. Arsenault, P.-Y. Madec, N. Hubin, J. Paufique, S. Stroebele, C. Soenke, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, S. Oberti, S. Tordo, M. Downing, M. Kiekebusch, R. Conzelmann, M. Duchateau, A. Jost, W. Hackenberg, D. Bonaccini Calia, B. Delabre, R. Stuik, R. Biasi, D. Gallieni, P. Lazzarini, M. Lelouarn, and A. Glindeman, “ESO adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701524 (2008).

R. Arsenault, D. A. Salmon, J. M. Kerr, F. J. Rigaut, D. Crampton, and W. A. Grundmann, “PUEO: the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope adaptive optics bonnette. I: system description,” Proc. SPIE 2201, 833-842 (1994).

Assemat, F.

J.-G. Cuby, S. Morris, P. Parr-Burman, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, D. Le Mignant, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J.-P. Amans, F. Assemat, S. Beard, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J.-L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, H. McGregor, T. Morris, B. Neichel, M. Puech, C. Robert, S. Rolt, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivès, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU working in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390J (2009).

Assemat, F. F.

F. Hammer, M. Puech, F. F. Assemat, E. Gendron, F. Sayede, P. Laporte, M. Marteaud, A. Liotard, and F. Zamkotsian, “FALCON: a concept to extend adaptive optics corrections to cosmological fields,” Proc. SPIE 5382, 727-736(2004).

Atwood, J.

J. Atwood, P. Byrnes, and G. Herriot, “NFIRAOS: the optical design of an adaptive optics system for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390G (2009).

Avicola, K.

S. S. Olivier, C. E. Max, H. W. Friedman, J. R. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, and K. E. Waltjen, “First significant image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system at Lick Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 3126, 240-248 (1997).

Babcock, H. W.

H. W. Babcock, “The possibility of compensating astronomical seeing,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 65, 229-236 (1953).
[CrossRef]

Bagnara, P.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. Hubin, J. Kolb, J.-L. Lizon, M. Marchesi, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, C. Soenke, S. Tordo, A. Baruffolo, P. Bagnara, and the CAMCAO Consortium, “On-sky testing of the Multi-conjugate Adaptive optics Demonstrator,” Messenger 129, 8-13 (2007).

Baranec, C.

M. Hart, N. M. Milton, C. Baranec, T. Stalcup, K. Powell, E. Bendek, D. McCarthy, and C. Kulesa, “Wide field astronomical image compensation with multiple laser-guided adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 7468, 74680L (2009).

A. H. Bouchez, R. G. Dekany, J. R. Angione, C. Baranec, K. Bui, R. S. Burruss, J. R. Crepp, E. E. Croner, J. L. Cromer, S. R. Guiwits, D. D. S. Hale, J. R. Henning, D. Palmer, J. E. Roberts, M. Troy, T. N. Truong, and J. Zolkowerc, “Status of the PALM-3000 high-order adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390H (2009).

T. Stalcup, J. Georges, M. Snyder, C. Baranec, N. Putnam, M. Milton, R. Angel, and M. Lloyd-Hart, “Field tests of wavefront sensing with multiple Rayleigh laser guide stars and dynamic refocus,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 1021-1032 (2004).

C. Baranec, R. Dekany, S. R. Kulkarni, N. M. Law, E. Ofek, M. Kasliwal, and V. Velur, “Deployment of low-cost replicable laser adaptive optics on 1-3 meter class telescopes,” submission to the ASTRO-2010 decadal survey of astronomy, available at http://www8.nationalacademies.org/astro2010/DetailFileDisplay.aspx?id=528.

Barman, T.

C. Marois, B. Macintosh, T. Barman, B. Zuckerman, I. Song, J. Patience, D. Lafrenière, and R. Doyon, “Direct imaging of multiple planets orbiting the star HR 8799,” Science 322, 1348-1352 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Baruffolo, A.

A. Moretti, G. Piotto, C. Arcidiacono, A. P. Milone, R. Ragazzoni, R. Falomo, J. Farinato, L. R. Bedin, J. Anderson, A. Sarajedini, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, M. Lombini, R. Brast, R. Donaldson, J. Kolb, E. Marchetti, and S. Tordo, “MCAO near-IR photometry of the globular cluster NGC 6388: MAD observations in crowded fields,” Astron. Astrophys. 493, 539-546 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. Hubin, J. Kolb, J.-L. Lizon, M. Marchesi, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, C. Soenke, S. Tordo, A. Baruffolo, P. Bagnara, and the CAMCAO Consortium, “On-sky testing of the Multi-conjugate Adaptive optics Demonstrator,” Messenger 129, 8-13 (2007).

R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, A. Baruffolo, E. Marchetti, J. Farinato, T. Niero, G. Crimi, and M. Ghigo, “Testing the pyramid wavefront sensor on the sky,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 423-430 (2000).

Barulo, A.

A. Moretti, C. Arcidiacono, M. Lombini, G. Piotto, R. Falomo, J. Farinato, R. Ragazzoni, A. Barulo, and E. Marchetti, “MAD@VLT observations in layer oriented mode: first results,” Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 80, 139-140 (2009).

Basden, A. G.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).

Bauman, B.

D. Gavel, R. Dekany, C. Max, P. Wizinowich, S. Adkins, B. Bauman, J. Bell, E. Johansson, R. Kupke, C. Lockwood, A. Moore, C. Neyman, M. Reinig, and V. Velur, “Concept for the Keck Next Generation Adaptive Optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701567 (2008).

B. A. Macintosh, J. R. Graham, D. W. Palmer, R. Doyon, J. Dunn, D. T. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, D. A. Erickson, C. Marois, L. A. Poyneer, R. Soummer, “The Gemini Planet Imager: from science to design to construction,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701518 (2008).

Bauman, B. J.

S. M. Ammons, L. Johnson, E. A. Laag, R. Kupke, D. T. Gavel, B. J. Bauman, and C. E. Max, “Integrated laboratory demonstrations of multi-object adaptive optics on a simulated 10-meter telescope at visible wavelengths,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. (submitted).

Beard, S.

J.-G. Cuby, S. Morris, P. Parr-Burman, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, D. Le Mignant, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J.-P. Amans, F. Assemat, S. Beard, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J.-L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, H. McGregor, T. Morris, B. Neichel, M. Puech, C. Robert, S. Rolt, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivès, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU working in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390J (2009).

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M. Boccas, F. Rigaut, D. Gratadour, C. d'Orgeville, M. Bec, F. Daruich, G. Perez, G. Arriagada, S. Bombino, C. Carter, C. Cavedoni, F. Collao, P. Collins, P. Diaz, A. Ebbers, R. Galvez, G. Gausachs, S. Hardash, E. James, S. Karewicz, M. Lazo, D. Maltes, R. Mouser, R. Rogers, R. Rojas, M. Sheehan, G. Trancho, V. Vergara, and T. Vucina, “GeMS: Gemini MCAO system: current status and commissioning plans,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150X (2008).

Beckers, J. M.

J. M. Beckers, “Increasing the size of the isoplanatic patch with multiconjugate adaptive optics,” in ESO Conference on Very Large Telescopes and Their Instrumentation, M. -H. Ulrich, ed. (European Southern Observatory, 1998), Vol. 2, pp. 693-703.

Becklin, E. E.

A. M. Ghez, S. D. Hornstein, J. R. Lu, A. Bouchez, D. Le Mignant, M. van Dam, P. L. Wizinowich, K. Matthews, M. Morris, E. E. Becklin, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, S. K. Hartman, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, P. J. Stomski, and D. M. Summers, “The first laser guide star adaptive optics observations of the Galactic center: Sgr A*'s infrared color and the extended red emission in its vicinity,” Astrophys. J. 635, 1087-1094 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bedin, L. R.

A. Moretti, G. Piotto, C. Arcidiacono, A. P. Milone, R. Ragazzoni, R. Falomo, J. Farinato, L. R. Bedin, J. Anderson, A. Sarajedini, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, M. Lombini, R. Brast, R. Donaldson, J. Kolb, E. Marchetti, and S. Tordo, “MCAO near-IR photometry of the globular cluster NGC 6388: MAD observations in crowded fields,” Astron. Astrophys. 493, 539-546 (2009).
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Beeman, B. V.

S. S. Olivier, C. E. Max, H. W. Friedman, J. R. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, and K. E. Waltjen, “First significant image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system at Lick Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 3126, 240-248 (1997).

Bell, J.

D. Gavel, R. Dekany, C. Max, P. Wizinowich, S. Adkins, B. Bauman, J. Bell, E. Johansson, R. Kupke, C. Lockwood, A. Moore, C. Neyman, M. Reinig, and V. Velur, “Concept for the Keck Next Generation Adaptive Optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701567 (2008).

Bendek, E.

M. Hart, N. M. Milton, C. Baranec, T. Stalcup, K. Powell, E. Bendek, D. McCarthy, and C. Kulesa, “Wide field astronomical image compensation with multiple laser-guided adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 7468, 74680L (2009).

Berkefeld, T.

T. Berkefeld, D. Soltau, and O. von der Lühe, “Results of the multi-conjugate adaptive optics system at the German solar telescope, Tenerife,” Proc. SPIE 5903, 219-226 (2005).

Beuzit, J.-L.

N. Hubin, J.-L. Beuzit, P. Gigan, P. Léna, P.-Y. Madec, G. Rousset, C. Boyer, J.-P. Gaffard, J.-C. Richard, M. Vittot, F. Rigaut, E. Gendron, and F. Merkle, “New adaptive optics prototype system for the ESO 3.6 m telescope: Come-on-Plus,” Proc. SPIE 1780, 850-861 (1993).

Biasi, R.

R. Arsenault, P.-Y. Madec, N. Hubin, J. Paufique, S. Stroebele, C. Soenke, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, S. Oberti, S. Tordo, M. Downing, M. Kiekebusch, R. Conzelmann, M. Duchateau, A. Jost, W. Hackenberg, D. Bonaccini Calia, B. Delabre, R. Stuik, R. Biasi, D. Gallieni, P. Lazzarini, M. Lelouarn, and A. Glindeman, “ESO adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701524 (2008).

R. Arsenault, P.-Y. Madec, N. Hubin, J. Paufique, S. Stroebele, C. Soenke, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, S. Oberti, S. Tordo, M. Downing, M. Kiekebusch, R. Conzelmann, M. Duchateau, A. Jost, W. Hackenberg, D. Bonaccini Calia, B. Delabre, R. Stuik, R. Biasi, D. Gallieni, P. Lazzarini, M. Lelouarn, and A. Glindeman, “ESO adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701524 (2008).

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S. Cornelissen, P. Bierden, and T. Bifano, “A 4096 element continous facesheet MEMS deformable mirror for high-contrast imaging,” Proc. SPIE 6888, 68880V (2008).

Biereichel, P.

W. Brandner, G. Rousset, R. Lenzen, N. Hubin, F. Lacombe, R. Hofmann, A. Moorwood, A.-M. Lagrange, E. Gendron, M. Hartung, P. Puget, N. Ageorges, P. Biereichel, H. Bouy, J. Charton, G. Dumont, T. Fusco, Y. Jung, M. Lehnert, J.-L. Lizon, G. Monnet, D. Mouillet, C. Moutou, D. Rabaud, C. Röhrle, S. Skole, J. Spyromilio, C. Storz, L. Tacconi-Garman, and G. Zins, “NAOS+CONICA at Yepun: first VLT adaptive optics system sees first light,” Messenger 107, 1-6 (2002).

Bifano, T.

S. Cornelissen, P. Bierden, and T. Bifano, “A 4096 element continous facesheet MEMS deformable mirror for high-contrast imaging,” Proc. SPIE 6888, 68880V (2008).

Biliotti, V.

P. Salinari, C. del Vecchio, and V. Biliotti, “A study of an adaptive secondary mirror,” in Proceedings of Active and Adaptive Optics, F. Merkle, ed. (European Southern Observatory, 1994), p. 247.

Bissinger, H. D.

S. S. Olivier, C. E. Max, H. W. Friedman, J. R. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, and K. E. Waltjen, “First significant image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system at Lick Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 3126, 240-248 (1997).

Bloemhof, E. E.

M. Troy, R. G. Dekany, G. Brack, B. R. Oppenheimer, E. E. Bloemhof, T. Trinh, F. G. Dekens, F. Shi, T. L. Hayward, and B. Brandl, “Palomar adaptive optics project: status and performance,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 31-40 (2000).

Boccas, M.

M. Boccas, F. Rigaut, D. Gratadour, C. d'Orgeville, M. Bec, F. Daruich, G. Perez, G. Arriagada, S. Bombino, C. Carter, C. Cavedoni, F. Collao, P. Collins, P. Diaz, A. Ebbers, R. Galvez, G. Gausachs, S. Hardash, E. James, S. Karewicz, M. Lazo, D. Maltes, R. Mouser, R. Rogers, R. Rojas, M. Sheehan, G. Trancho, V. Vergara, and T. Vucina, “GeMS: Gemini MCAO system: current status and commissioning plans,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150X (2008).

Boeke, B. R.

R. Q. Fugate, B. L. Ellerbroek, C. H. Higgins, M. P. Jelonek, W. J. Lange, A. C. Slavin, W. J. Wild, D. M. Winker, J. M. Wynia, J. M. Spinhirne, B. R. Boeke, R. E. Ruane, J. F. Moroney, M. D. Oliker, D. W. Swindle, and R. A. Cleis, “Two generations of laser-guide-star adaptive-optics experiments at the Starfire Optical Range,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 11, 310-324 (1994).
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R. Q. Fugate, D. L. Fried, G. A. Ameer, B. R. Boeke, S. L. Browne, P. H. Roberts, R. E. Ruane, G. A. Tyler and L. M. Wopat, “Measurement of atmospheric wavefront distortion using scattered light from a laser guide-star,” Nature 353, 144-146 (1991).

Bombino, S.

M. Boccas, F. Rigaut, D. Gratadour, C. d'Orgeville, M. Bec, F. Daruich, G. Perez, G. Arriagada, S. Bombino, C. Carter, C. Cavedoni, F. Collao, P. Collins, P. Diaz, A. Ebbers, R. Galvez, G. Gausachs, S. Hardash, E. James, S. Karewicz, M. Lazo, D. Maltes, R. Mouser, R. Rogers, R. Rojas, M. Sheehan, G. Trancho, V. Vergara, and T. Vucina, “GeMS: Gemini MCAO system: current status and commissioning plans,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150X (2008).

Bouch, N.

R. Genzel, A. Burkert, N. Bouch, G. Cresci, N. M. Förster Schreiber, A. Shapley, K. Shapiro, L. J. Tacconi, P. Buschkamp, A. Cimatti, E. Daddi, R. Davies, F. Eisenhauer, D. K. Erb, S. Genel, O. Gerhard, E. Hicks, D. Lutz, T. Naab, T. Ott, S. Rabien, A. Renzini, C. C. Steidel, A. Sternberg, and S. J. Lilly, “From rings to bulges: evidence for rapid secular galaxy evolution at z~2 from integral field spectroscopy in the SINS survey,” Astrophys. J. 687, 59-77 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bouchez, A.

A. M. Ghez, S. D. Hornstein, J. R. Lu, A. Bouchez, D. Le Mignant, M. van Dam, P. L. Wizinowich, K. Matthews, M. Morris, E. E. Becklin, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, S. K. Hartman, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, P. J. Stomski, and D. M. Summers, “The first laser guide star adaptive optics observations of the Galactic center: Sgr A*'s infrared color and the extended red emission in its vicinity,” Astrophys. J. 635, 1087-1094 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, A. Bouchez, J. Chin, A. Contos, S. Hartman, E. Johansson, R. Lafon, C. Neyman, P. Stomski, D. Summers, M. van Dam, “Adaptive optics developments at Keck Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 1-11 (2004).

Bouchez, A. H.

A. H. Bouchez, R. G. Dekany, J. R. Angione, C. Baranec, K. Bui, R. S. Burruss, J. R. Crepp, E. E. Croner, J. L. Cromer, S. R. Guiwits, D. D. S. Hale, J. R. Henning, D. Palmer, J. E. Roberts, M. Troy, T. N. Truong, and J. Zolkowerc, “Status of the PALM-3000 high-order adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390H (2009).

Bouy, H.

M. H. Wong, F. Marchis, E. Marchetti, P. Amico, H. Bouy, and I. de Pater, “A shift in Jupiter's equatorial haze distribution imaged with the multi-conjugate adaptive optics demonstrator at the VLT,” Bull. Am. Astron. Soc. 41, 561 (2009).

W. Brandner, G. Rousset, R. Lenzen, N. Hubin, F. Lacombe, R. Hofmann, A. Moorwood, A.-M. Lagrange, E. Gendron, M. Hartung, P. Puget, N. Ageorges, P. Biereichel, H. Bouy, J. Charton, G. Dumont, T. Fusco, Y. Jung, M. Lehnert, J.-L. Lizon, G. Monnet, D. Mouillet, C. Moutou, D. Rabaud, C. Röhrle, S. Skole, J. Spyromilio, C. Storz, L. Tacconi-Garman, and G. Zins, “NAOS+CONICA at Yepun: first VLT adaptive optics system sees first light,” Messenger 107, 1-6 (2002).

Boyer, C.

N. Hubin, J.-L. Beuzit, P. Gigan, P. Léna, P.-Y. Madec, G. Rousset, C. Boyer, J.-P. Gaffard, J.-C. Richard, M. Vittot, F. Rigaut, E. Gendron, and F. Merkle, “New adaptive optics prototype system for the ESO 3.6 m telescope: Come-on-Plus,” Proc. SPIE 1780, 850-861 (1993).

Brack, G.

M. Troy, R. G. Dekany, G. Brack, B. R. Oppenheimer, E. E. Bloemhof, T. Trinh, F. G. Dekens, F. Shi, T. L. Hayward, and B. Brandl, “Palomar adaptive optics project: status and performance,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 31-40 (2000).

Brandl, B.

M. Troy, R. G. Dekany, G. Brack, B. R. Oppenheimer, E. E. Bloemhof, T. Trinh, F. G. Dekens, F. Shi, T. L. Hayward, and B. Brandl, “Palomar adaptive optics project: status and performance,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 31-40 (2000).

Brandner, W.

W. Brandner, G. Rousset, R. Lenzen, N. Hubin, F. Lacombe, R. Hofmann, A. Moorwood, A.-M. Lagrange, E. Gendron, M. Hartung, P. Puget, N. Ageorges, P. Biereichel, H. Bouy, J. Charton, G. Dumont, T. Fusco, Y. Jung, M. Lehnert, J.-L. Lizon, G. Monnet, D. Mouillet, C. Moutou, D. Rabaud, C. Röhrle, S. Skole, J. Spyromilio, C. Storz, L. Tacconi-Garman, and G. Zins, “NAOS+CONICA at Yepun: first VLT adaptive optics system sees first light,” Messenger 107, 1-6 (2002).

Brase, J. M.

S. S. Olivier, C. E. Max, H. W. Friedman, J. R. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, and K. E. Waltjen, “First significant image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system at Lick Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 3126, 240-248 (1997).

Brast, R.

A. Moretti, G. Piotto, C. Arcidiacono, A. P. Milone, R. Ragazzoni, R. Falomo, J. Farinato, L. R. Bedin, J. Anderson, A. Sarajedini, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, M. Lombini, R. Brast, R. Donaldson, J. Kolb, E. Marchetti, and S. Tordo, “MCAO near-IR photometry of the globular cluster NGC 6388: MAD observations in crowded fields,” Astron. Astrophys. 493, 539-546 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. Hubin, J. Kolb, J.-L. Lizon, M. Marchesi, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, C. Soenke, S. Tordo, A. Baruffolo, P. Bagnara, and the CAMCAO Consortium, “On-sky testing of the Multi-conjugate Adaptive optics Demonstrator,” Messenger 129, 8-13 (2007).

Browne, S. L.

R. Q. Fugate, D. L. Fried, G. A. Ameer, B. R. Boeke, S. L. Browne, P. H. Roberts, R. E. Ruane, G. A. Tyler and L. M. Wopat, “Measurement of atmospheric wavefront distortion using scattered light from a laser guide-star,” Nature 353, 144-146 (1991).

Brusa, G.

M. A. Kenworthy, D. L. Miller, G. Brusa, P. M. Hinz, D. L. Fisher, M. Lloyd-Hart, F. P. Wildi, D. W. McCarthy, D. L. Curley, C. Kulesa, P. A. Young, B. D. Oppenheimer, W. Liu, M. R. Meyer, and J. Greissl, “Scientific results from the MMT natural guide star adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 351-358 (2004).

Buffington, A.

Bui, K.

A. H. Bouchez, R. G. Dekany, J. R. Angione, C. Baranec, K. Bui, R. S. Burruss, J. R. Crepp, E. E. Croner, J. L. Cromer, S. R. Guiwits, D. D. S. Hale, J. R. Henning, D. Palmer, J. E. Roberts, M. Troy, T. N. Truong, and J. Zolkowerc, “Status of the PALM-3000 high-order adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390H (2009).

Burkert, A.

R. Genzel, A. Burkert, N. Bouch, G. Cresci, N. M. Förster Schreiber, A. Shapley, K. Shapiro, L. J. Tacconi, P. Buschkamp, A. Cimatti, E. Daddi, R. Davies, F. Eisenhauer, D. K. Erb, S. Genel, O. Gerhard, E. Hicks, D. Lutz, T. Naab, T. Ott, S. Rabien, A. Renzini, C. C. Steidel, A. Sternberg, and S. J. Lilly, “From rings to bulges: evidence for rapid secular galaxy evolution at z~2 from integral field spectroscopy in the SINS survey,” Astrophys. J. 687, 59-77 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Burruss, R. S.

A. H. Bouchez, R. G. Dekany, J. R. Angione, C. Baranec, K. Bui, R. S. Burruss, J. R. Crepp, E. E. Croner, J. L. Cromer, S. R. Guiwits, D. D. S. Hale, J. R. Henning, D. Palmer, J. E. Roberts, M. Troy, T. N. Truong, and J. Zolkowerc, “Status of the PALM-3000 high-order adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390H (2009).

Buschkamp, P.

R. Genzel, A. Burkert, N. Bouch, G. Cresci, N. M. Förster Schreiber, A. Shapley, K. Shapiro, L. J. Tacconi, P. Buschkamp, A. Cimatti, E. Daddi, R. Davies, F. Eisenhauer, D. K. Erb, S. Genel, O. Gerhard, E. Hicks, D. Lutz, T. Naab, T. Ott, S. Rabien, A. Renzini, C. C. Steidel, A. Sternberg, and S. J. Lilly, “From rings to bulges: evidence for rapid secular galaxy evolution at z~2 from integral field spectroscopy in the SINS survey,” Astrophys. J. 687, 59-77 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Byrnes, P.

J. Atwood, P. Byrnes, and G. Herriot, “NFIRAOS: the optical design of an adaptive optics system for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390G (2009).

Calia, D. Bonaccini

R. Arsenault, P.-Y. Madec, N. Hubin, J. Paufique, S. Stroebele, C. Soenke, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, S. Oberti, S. Tordo, M. Downing, M. Kiekebusch, R. Conzelmann, M. Duchateau, A. Jost, W. Hackenberg, D. Bonaccini Calia, B. Delabre, R. Stuik, R. Biasi, D. Gallieni, P. Lazzarini, M. Lelouarn, and A. Glindeman, “ESO adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701524 (2008).

R. Arsenault, P.-Y. Madec, N. Hubin, J. Paufique, S. Stroebele, C. Soenke, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, S. Oberti, S. Tordo, M. Downing, M. Kiekebusch, R. Conzelmann, M. Duchateau, A. Jost, W. Hackenberg, D. Bonaccini Calia, B. Delabre, R. Stuik, R. Biasi, D. Gallieni, P. Lazzarini, M. Lelouarn, and A. Glindeman, “ESO adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701524 (2008).

Campbell, R.

P. L. Wizinowich and R. Campbell, “W.M. Keck Observatory adaptive optics science capabilities,” Bull. Am. Astron. Soc. 41, 725 (2009).

Campbell, R. D.

A. M. Ghez, S. D. Hornstein, J. R. Lu, A. Bouchez, D. Le Mignant, M. van Dam, P. L. Wizinowich, K. Matthews, M. Morris, E. E. Becklin, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, S. K. Hartman, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, P. J. Stomski, and D. M. Summers, “The first laser guide star adaptive optics observations of the Galactic center: Sgr A*'s infrared color and the extended red emission in its vicinity,” Astrophys. J. 635, 1087-1094 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Carter, C.

M. Boccas, F. Rigaut, D. Gratadour, C. d'Orgeville, M. Bec, F. Daruich, G. Perez, G. Arriagada, S. Bombino, C. Carter, C. Cavedoni, F. Collao, P. Collins, P. Diaz, A. Ebbers, R. Galvez, G. Gausachs, S. Hardash, E. James, S. Karewicz, M. Lazo, D. Maltes, R. Mouser, R. Rogers, R. Rojas, M. Sheehan, G. Trancho, V. Vergara, and T. Vucina, “GeMS: Gemini MCAO system: current status and commissioning plans,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150X (2008).

Cavedoni, C.

M. Boccas, F. Rigaut, D. Gratadour, C. d'Orgeville, M. Bec, F. Daruich, G. Perez, G. Arriagada, S. Bombino, C. Carter, C. Cavedoni, F. Collao, P. Collins, P. Diaz, A. Ebbers, R. Galvez, G. Gausachs, S. Hardash, E. James, S. Karewicz, M. Lazo, D. Maltes, R. Mouser, R. Rogers, R. Rojas, M. Sheehan, G. Trancho, V. Vergara, and T. Vucina, “GeMS: Gemini MCAO system: current status and commissioning plans,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150X (2008).

Charton, J.

W. Brandner, G. Rousset, R. Lenzen, N. Hubin, F. Lacombe, R. Hofmann, A. Moorwood, A.-M. Lagrange, E. Gendron, M. Hartung, P. Puget, N. Ageorges, P. Biereichel, H. Bouy, J. Charton, G. Dumont, T. Fusco, Y. Jung, M. Lehnert, J.-L. Lizon, G. Monnet, D. Mouillet, C. Moutou, D. Rabaud, C. Röhrle, S. Skole, J. Spyromilio, C. Storz, L. Tacconi-Garman, and G. Zins, “NAOS+CONICA at Yepun: first VLT adaptive optics system sees first light,” Messenger 107, 1-6 (2002).

Chemla, F.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).

Chin, J.

P. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, A. Bouchez, J. Chin, A. Contos, S. Hartman, E. Johansson, R. Lafon, C. Neyman, P. Stomski, D. Summers, M. van Dam, “Adaptive optics developments at Keck Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 1-11 (2004).

Chin, J. C. Y.

A. M. Ghez, S. D. Hornstein, J. R. Lu, A. Bouchez, D. Le Mignant, M. van Dam, P. L. Wizinowich, K. Matthews, M. Morris, E. E. Becklin, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, S. K. Hartman, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, P. J. Stomski, and D. M. Summers, “The first laser guide star adaptive optics observations of the Galactic center: Sgr A*'s infrared color and the extended red emission in its vicinity,” Astrophys. J. 635, 1087-1094 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Christou, J.

S. Gladysz and J. Christou, “Reference-less detection, astrometry, and photometry of faint companions with adaptive optics,” Astrophys. J. 698, 28-42 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cimatti, A.

R. Genzel, A. Burkert, N. Bouch, G. Cresci, N. M. Förster Schreiber, A. Shapley, K. Shapiro, L. J. Tacconi, P. Buschkamp, A. Cimatti, E. Daddi, R. Davies, F. Eisenhauer, D. K. Erb, S. Genel, O. Gerhard, E. Hicks, D. Lutz, T. Naab, T. Ott, S. Rabien, A. Renzini, C. C. Steidel, A. Sternberg, and S. J. Lilly, “From rings to bulges: evidence for rapid secular galaxy evolution at z~2 from integral field spectroscopy in the SINS survey,” Astrophys. J. 687, 59-77 (2008).
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Cleis, R. A.

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M. Boccas, F. Rigaut, D. Gratadour, C. d'Orgeville, M. Bec, F. Daruich, G. Perez, G. Arriagada, S. Bombino, C. Carter, C. Cavedoni, F. Collao, P. Collins, P. Diaz, A. Ebbers, R. Galvez, G. Gausachs, S. Hardash, E. James, S. Karewicz, M. Lazo, D. Maltes, R. Mouser, R. Rogers, R. Rojas, M. Sheehan, G. Trancho, V. Vergara, and T. Vucina, “GeMS: Gemini MCAO system: current status and commissioning plans,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150X (2008).

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A. H. Bouchez, R. G. Dekany, J. R. Angione, C. Baranec, K. Bui, R. S. Burruss, J. R. Crepp, E. E. Croner, J. L. Cromer, S. R. Guiwits, D. D. S. Hale, J. R. Henning, D. Palmer, J. E. Roberts, M. Troy, T. N. Truong, and J. Zolkowerc, “Status of the PALM-3000 high-order adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390H (2009).

Croner, E. E.

A. H. Bouchez, R. G. Dekany, J. R. Angione, C. Baranec, K. Bui, R. S. Burruss, J. R. Crepp, E. E. Croner, J. L. Cromer, S. R. Guiwits, D. D. S. Hale, J. R. Henning, D. Palmer, J. E. Roberts, M. Troy, T. N. Truong, and J. Zolkowerc, “Status of the PALM-3000 high-order adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390H (2009).

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J.-G. Cuby, S. Morris, P. Parr-Burman, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, D. Le Mignant, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J.-P. Amans, F. Assemat, S. Beard, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J.-L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, H. McGregor, T. Morris, B. Neichel, M. Puech, C. Robert, S. Rolt, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivès, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU working in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390J (2009).

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Daddi, E.

R. Genzel, A. Burkert, N. Bouch, G. Cresci, N. M. Förster Schreiber, A. Shapley, K. Shapiro, L. J. Tacconi, P. Buschkamp, A. Cimatti, E. Daddi, R. Davies, F. Eisenhauer, D. K. Erb, S. Genel, O. Gerhard, E. Hicks, D. Lutz, T. Naab, T. Ott, S. Rabien, A. Renzini, C. C. Steidel, A. Sternberg, and S. J. Lilly, “From rings to bulges: evidence for rapid secular galaxy evolution at z~2 from integral field spectroscopy in the SINS survey,” Astrophys. J. 687, 59-77 (2008).
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C. Baranec, R. Dekany, S. R. Kulkarni, N. M. Law, E. Ofek, M. Kasliwal, and V. Velur, “Deployment of low-cost replicable laser adaptive optics on 1-3 meter class telescopes,” submission to the ASTRO-2010 decadal survey of astronomy, available at http://www8.nationalacademies.org/astro2010/DetailFileDisplay.aspx?id=528.

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A. H. Bouchez, R. G. Dekany, J. R. Angione, C. Baranec, K. Bui, R. S. Burruss, J. R. Crepp, E. E. Croner, J. L. Cromer, S. R. Guiwits, D. D. S. Hale, J. R. Henning, D. Palmer, J. E. Roberts, M. Troy, T. N. Truong, and J. Zolkowerc, “Status of the PALM-3000 high-order adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390H (2009).

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Dekens, F. G.

M. Troy, R. G. Dekany, G. Brack, B. R. Oppenheimer, E. E. Bloemhof, T. Trinh, F. G. Dekens, F. Shi, T. L. Hayward, and B. Brandl, “Palomar adaptive optics project: status and performance,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 31-40 (2000).

del Vecchio, C.

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R. Arsenault, P.-Y. Madec, N. Hubin, J. Paufique, S. Stroebele, C. Soenke, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, S. Oberti, S. Tordo, M. Downing, M. Kiekebusch, R. Conzelmann, M. Duchateau, A. Jost, W. Hackenberg, D. Bonaccini Calia, B. Delabre, R. Stuik, R. Biasi, D. Gallieni, P. Lazzarini, M. Lelouarn, and A. Glindeman, “ESO adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701524 (2008).

R. Arsenault, P.-Y. Madec, N. Hubin, J. Paufique, S. Stroebele, C. Soenke, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, S. Oberti, S. Tordo, M. Downing, M. Kiekebusch, R. Conzelmann, M. Duchateau, A. Jost, W. Hackenberg, D. Bonaccini Calia, B. Delabre, R. Stuik, R. Biasi, D. Gallieni, P. Lazzarini, M. Lelouarn, and A. Glindeman, “ESO adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701524 (2008).

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. Hubin, J. Kolb, J.-L. Lizon, M. Marchesi, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, C. Soenke, S. Tordo, A. Baruffolo, P. Bagnara, and the CAMCAO Consortium, “On-sky testing of the Multi-conjugate Adaptive optics Demonstrator,” Messenger 129, 8-13 (2007).

Diaz, P.

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Diolaiti, E.

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Dipper, N. A.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).

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L. Meyer, T. Do, A. Ghez, M. R. Morris, S. Yelda, R. Schödel, A., and Eckart, “A power-law break in the near-infrared power spectrum of the Galactic center black hole,” Astrophys. J. 694, L87-L91 (2009).
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M. Boccas, F. Rigaut, D. Gratadour, C. d'Orgeville, M. Bec, F. Daruich, G. Perez, G. Arriagada, S. Bombino, C. Carter, C. Cavedoni, F. Collao, P. Collins, P. Diaz, A. Ebbers, R. Galvez, G. Gausachs, S. Hardash, E. James, S. Karewicz, M. Lazo, D. Maltes, R. Mouser, R. Rogers, R. Rojas, M. Sheehan, G. Trancho, V. Vergara, and T. Vucina, “GeMS: Gemini MCAO system: current status and commissioning plans,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150X (2008).

Dorner, B.

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Doyon, R.

B. A. Macintosh, J. R. Graham, D. W. Palmer, R. Doyon, J. Dunn, D. T. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, D. A. Erickson, C. Marois, L. A. Poyneer, R. Soummer, “The Gemini Planet Imager: from science to design to construction,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701518 (2008).

C. Marois, B. Macintosh, T. Barman, B. Zuckerman, I. Song, J. Patience, D. Lafrenière, and R. Doyon, “Direct imaging of multiple planets orbiting the star HR 8799,” Science 322, 1348-1352 (2008).
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Duchateau, M.

R. Arsenault, P.-Y. Madec, N. Hubin, J. Paufique, S. Stroebele, C. Soenke, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, S. Oberti, S. Tordo, M. Downing, M. Kiekebusch, R. Conzelmann, M. Duchateau, A. Jost, W. Hackenberg, D. Bonaccini Calia, B. Delabre, R. Stuik, R. Biasi, D. Gallieni, P. Lazzarini, M. Lelouarn, and A. Glindeman, “ESO adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701524 (2008).

R. Arsenault, P.-Y. Madec, N. Hubin, J. Paufique, S. Stroebele, C. Soenke, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, S. Oberti, S. Tordo, M. Downing, M. Kiekebusch, R. Conzelmann, M. Duchateau, A. Jost, W. Hackenberg, D. Bonaccini Calia, B. Delabre, R. Stuik, R. Biasi, D. Gallieni, P. Lazzarini, M. Lelouarn, and A. Glindeman, “ESO adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701524 (2008).

Dumont, G.

W. Brandner, G. Rousset, R. Lenzen, N. Hubin, F. Lacombe, R. Hofmann, A. Moorwood, A.-M. Lagrange, E. Gendron, M. Hartung, P. Puget, N. Ageorges, P. Biereichel, H. Bouy, J. Charton, G. Dumont, T. Fusco, Y. Jung, M. Lehnert, J.-L. Lizon, G. Monnet, D. Mouillet, C. Moutou, D. Rabaud, C. Röhrle, S. Skole, J. Spyromilio, C. Storz, L. Tacconi-Garman, and G. Zins, “NAOS+CONICA at Yepun: first VLT adaptive optics system sees first light,” Messenger 107, 1-6 (2002).

Dunn, J.

B. A. Macintosh, J. R. Graham, D. W. Palmer, R. Doyon, J. Dunn, D. T. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, D. A. Erickson, C. Marois, L. A. Poyneer, R. Soummer, “The Gemini Planet Imager: from science to design to construction,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701518 (2008).

Ebbers, A.

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J.-G. Cuby, S. Morris, P. Parr-Burman, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, D. Le Mignant, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J.-P. Amans, F. Assemat, S. Beard, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J.-L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, H. McGregor, T. Morris, B. Neichel, M. Puech, C. Robert, S. Rolt, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivès, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU working in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390J (2009).

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R. Arsenault, P.-Y. Madec, N. Hubin, J. Paufique, S. Stroebele, C. Soenke, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, S. Oberti, S. Tordo, M. Downing, M. Kiekebusch, R. Conzelmann, M. Duchateau, A. Jost, W. Hackenberg, D. Bonaccini Calia, B. Delabre, R. Stuik, R. Biasi, D. Gallieni, P. Lazzarini, M. Lelouarn, and A. Glindeman, “ESO adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701524 (2008).

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M. Boccas, F. Rigaut, D. Gratadour, C. d'Orgeville, M. Bec, F. Daruich, G. Perez, G. Arriagada, S. Bombino, C. Carter, C. Cavedoni, F. Collao, P. Collins, P. Diaz, A. Ebbers, R. Galvez, G. Gausachs, S. Hardash, E. James, S. Karewicz, M. Lazo, D. Maltes, R. Mouser, R. Rogers, R. Rojas, M. Sheehan, G. Trancho, V. Vergara, and T. Vucina, “GeMS: Gemini MCAO system: current status and commissioning plans,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150X (2008).

Gausachs, G.

M. Boccas, F. Rigaut, D. Gratadour, C. d'Orgeville, M. Bec, F. Daruich, G. Perez, G. Arriagada, S. Bombino, C. Carter, C. Cavedoni, F. Collao, P. Collins, P. Diaz, A. Ebbers, R. Galvez, G. Gausachs, S. Hardash, E. James, S. Karewicz, M. Lazo, D. Maltes, R. Mouser, R. Rogers, R. Rojas, M. Sheehan, G. Trancho, V. Vergara, and T. Vucina, “GeMS: Gemini MCAO system: current status and commissioning plans,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150X (2008).

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S. S. Olivier, C. E. Max, H. W. Friedman, J. R. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, and K. E. Waltjen, “First significant image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system at Lick Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 3126, 240-248 (1997).

S. M. Ammons, L. Johnson, E. A. Laag, R. Kupke, D. T. Gavel, B. J. Bauman, and C. E. Max, “Integrated laboratory demonstrations of multi-object adaptive optics on a simulated 10-meter telescope at visible wavelengths,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. (submitted).

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J.-G. Cuby, S. Morris, P. Parr-Burman, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, D. Le Mignant, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J.-P. Amans, F. Assemat, S. Beard, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J.-L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, H. McGregor, T. Morris, B. Neichel, M. Puech, C. Robert, S. Rolt, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivès, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU working in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390J (2009).

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).

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R. Genzel, A. Burkert, N. Bouch, G. Cresci, N. M. Förster Schreiber, A. Shapley, K. Shapiro, L. J. Tacconi, P. Buschkamp, A. Cimatti, E. Daddi, R. Davies, F. Eisenhauer, D. K. Erb, S. Genel, O. Gerhard, E. Hicks, D. Lutz, T. Naab, T. Ott, S. Rabien, A. Renzini, C. C. Steidel, A. Sternberg, and S. J. Lilly, “From rings to bulges: evidence for rapid secular galaxy evolution at z~2 from integral field spectroscopy in the SINS survey,” Astrophys. J. 687, 59-77 (2008).
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R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).

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R. Genzel, A. Burkert, N. Bouch, G. Cresci, N. M. Förster Schreiber, A. Shapley, K. Shapiro, L. J. Tacconi, P. Buschkamp, A. Cimatti, E. Daddi, R. Davies, F. Eisenhauer, D. K. Erb, S. Genel, O. Gerhard, E. Hicks, D. Lutz, T. Naab, T. Ott, S. Rabien, A. Renzini, C. C. Steidel, A. Sternberg, and S. J. Lilly, “From rings to bulges: evidence for rapid secular galaxy evolution at z~2 from integral field spectroscopy in the SINS survey,” Astrophys. J. 687, 59-77 (2008).
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T. Stalcup, J. Georges, M. Snyder, C. Baranec, N. Putnam, M. Milton, R. Angel, and M. Lloyd-Hart, “Field tests of wavefront sensing with multiple Rayleigh laser guide stars and dynamic refocus,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 1021-1032 (2004).

Gerhard, O.

R. Genzel, A. Burkert, N. Bouch, G. Cresci, N. M. Förster Schreiber, A. Shapley, K. Shapiro, L. J. Tacconi, P. Buschkamp, A. Cimatti, E. Daddi, R. Davies, F. Eisenhauer, D. K. Erb, S. Genel, O. Gerhard, E. Hicks, D. Lutz, T. Naab, T. Ott, S. Rabien, A. Renzini, C. C. Steidel, A. Sternberg, and S. J. Lilly, “From rings to bulges: evidence for rapid secular galaxy evolution at z~2 from integral field spectroscopy in the SINS survey,” Astrophys. J. 687, 59-77 (2008).
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Ghedina, A.

R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, A. Baruffolo, E. Marchetti, J. Farinato, T. Niero, G. Crimi, and M. Ghigo, “Testing the pyramid wavefront sensor on the sky,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 423-430 (2000).

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L. Meyer, T. Do, A. Ghez, M. R. Morris, S. Yelda, R. Schödel, A., and Eckart, “A power-law break in the near-infrared power spectrum of the Galactic center black hole,” Astrophys. J. 694, L87-L91 (2009).
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A. M. Ghez, “Adaptive optics and the Galactic center: a tool and a laboratory for fundamental astrophysics and galactic nuclei,” Bull. Am. Astron. Soc. 41, 743 (2009).

A. M. Ghez, S. D. Hornstein, J. R. Lu, A. Bouchez, D. Le Mignant, M. van Dam, P. L. Wizinowich, K. Matthews, M. Morris, E. E. Becklin, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, S. K. Hartman, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, P. J. Stomski, and D. M. Summers, “The first laser guide star adaptive optics observations of the Galactic center: Sgr A*'s infrared color and the extended red emission in its vicinity,” Astrophys. J. 635, 1087-1094 (2005).
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R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, A. Baruffolo, E. Marchetti, J. Farinato, T. Niero, G. Crimi, and M. Ghigo, “Testing the pyramid wavefront sensor on the sky,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 423-430 (2000).

Gigan, P.

N. Hubin, J.-L. Beuzit, P. Gigan, P. Léna, P.-Y. Madec, G. Rousset, C. Boyer, J.-P. Gaffard, J.-C. Richard, M. Vittot, F. Rigaut, E. Gendron, and F. Merkle, “New adaptive optics prototype system for the ESO 3.6 m telescope: Come-on-Plus,” Proc. SPIE 1780, 850-861 (1993).

Gilmozzi, R.

R. Gilmozzi and J. Spyromilio, “The 42 m European ELT: status,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 701219 (2008).

Gimenez, J.-L.

J.-G. Cuby, S. Morris, P. Parr-Burman, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, D. Le Mignant, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J.-P. Amans, F. Assemat, S. Beard, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J.-L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, H. McGregor, T. Morris, B. Neichel, M. Puech, C. Robert, S. Rolt, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivès, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU working in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390J (2009).

Gladysz, S.

S. Gladysz and J. Christou, “Reference-less detection, astrometry, and photometry of faint companions with adaptive optics,” Astrophys. J. 698, 28-42 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Glindeman, A.

R. Arsenault, P.-Y. Madec, N. Hubin, J. Paufique, S. Stroebele, C. Soenke, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, S. Oberti, S. Tordo, M. Downing, M. Kiekebusch, R. Conzelmann, M. Duchateau, A. Jost, W. Hackenberg, D. Bonaccini Calia, B. Delabre, R. Stuik, R. Biasi, D. Gallieni, P. Lazzarini, M. Lelouarn, and A. Glindeman, “ESO adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701524 (2008).

R. Arsenault, P.-Y. Madec, N. Hubin, J. Paufique, S. Stroebele, C. Soenke, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, S. Oberti, S. Tordo, M. Downing, M. Kiekebusch, R. Conzelmann, M. Duchateau, A. Jost, W. Hackenberg, D. Bonaccini Calia, B. Delabre, R. Stuik, R. Biasi, D. Gallieni, P. Lazzarini, M. Lelouarn, and A. Glindeman, “ESO adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701524 (2008).

Golota, T.

Y. Hayano, H. Takami, O. Guyon, S. Oya, M. Hattori, Y. Saito, M. Watanabe, N. Murakami, Y. Minowa, M. Ito, S. Colley, M. Eldred, T. Golota, M. Dinkins, N. Kashikawa, and M. Iye, “Current status of the laser guide star adaptive optics system for Subaru telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701510 (2008).

Goodsell, S. J.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).

Graham, J. R.

B. A. Macintosh, J. R. Graham, D. W. Palmer, R. Doyon, J. Dunn, D. T. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, D. A. Erickson, C. Marois, L. A. Poyneer, R. Soummer, “The Gemini Planet Imager: from science to design to construction,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701518 (2008).

Gratadour, D.

M. Boccas, F. Rigaut, D. Gratadour, C. d'Orgeville, M. Bec, F. Daruich, G. Perez, G. Arriagada, S. Bombino, C. Carter, C. Cavedoni, F. Collao, P. Collins, P. Diaz, A. Ebbers, R. Galvez, G. Gausachs, S. Hardash, E. James, S. Karewicz, M. Lazo, D. Maltes, R. Mouser, R. Rogers, R. Rojas, M. Sheehan, G. Trancho, V. Vergara, and T. Vucina, “GeMS: Gemini MCAO system: current status and commissioning plans,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150X (2008).

C. A. Trujillo, F. Rigaut, D. Gratadour, and M. Hartung, “Science using the Gemini North laser adaptive optics system,” Bull. Am. Astron. Soc. 39, 748 (2007).

Greenaway, A. H.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).

Greissl, J.

M. A. Kenworthy, D. L. Miller, G. Brusa, P. M. Hinz, D. L. Fisher, M. Lloyd-Hart, F. P. Wildi, D. W. McCarthy, D. L. Curley, C. Kulesa, P. A. Young, B. D. Oppenheimer, W. Liu, M. R. Meyer, and J. Greissl, “Scientific results from the MMT natural guide star adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 351-358 (2004).

Grundmann, W. A.

R. Arsenault, D. A. Salmon, J. M. Kerr, F. J. Rigaut, D. Crampton, and W. A. Grundmann, “PUEO: the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope adaptive optics bonnette. I: system description,” Proc. SPIE 2201, 833-842 (1994).

Guiwits, S. R.

A. H. Bouchez, R. G. Dekany, J. R. Angione, C. Baranec, K. Bui, R. S. Burruss, J. R. Crepp, E. E. Croner, J. L. Cromer, S. R. Guiwits, D. D. S. Hale, J. R. Henning, D. Palmer, J. E. Roberts, M. Troy, T. N. Truong, and J. Zolkowerc, “Status of the PALM-3000 high-order adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390H (2009).

Guyon, O.

F. Martinache and O. Guyon, “The Subaru coronagraphic extreme-AO project,” Proc. SPIE 7440, 74400 (2009).

Y. Hayano, H. Takami, O. Guyon, S. Oya, M. Hattori, Y. Saito, M. Watanabe, N. Murakami, Y. Minowa, M. Ito, S. Colley, M. Eldred, T. Golota, M. Dinkins, N. Kashikawa, and M. Iye, “Current status of the laser guide star adaptive optics system for Subaru telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701510 (2008).

O. Guyon, E. A. Pluzhnik, R. Galicher, F. Martinache, S. T. Ridgway, and R. A. Woodruff, “Exoplanet imaging with a phase-induced amplitude apodization coronagraph. I. Principle,” Astrophys. J. 622, 744-758 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Guzman, C. D.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).

Hackenberg, W.

R. Arsenault, P.-Y. Madec, N. Hubin, J. Paufique, S. Stroebele, C. Soenke, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, S. Oberti, S. Tordo, M. Downing, M. Kiekebusch, R. Conzelmann, M. Duchateau, A. Jost, W. Hackenberg, D. Bonaccini Calia, B. Delabre, R. Stuik, R. Biasi, D. Gallieni, P. Lazzarini, M. Lelouarn, and A. Glindeman, “ESO adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701524 (2008).

R. Arsenault, P.-Y. Madec, N. Hubin, J. Paufique, S. Stroebele, C. Soenke, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, S. Oberti, S. Tordo, M. Downing, M. Kiekebusch, R. Conzelmann, M. Duchateau, A. Jost, W. Hackenberg, D. Bonaccini Calia, B. Delabre, R. Stuik, R. Biasi, D. Gallieni, P. Lazzarini, M. Lelouarn, and A. Glindeman, “ESO adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701524 (2008).

Hale, D. D. S.

A. H. Bouchez, R. G. Dekany, J. R. Angione, C. Baranec, K. Bui, R. S. Burruss, J. R. Crepp, E. E. Croner, J. L. Cromer, S. R. Guiwits, D. D. S. Hale, J. R. Henning, D. Palmer, J. E. Roberts, M. Troy, T. N. Truong, and J. Zolkowerc, “Status of the PALM-3000 high-order adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390H (2009).

Hammer, F.

F. Hammer, M. Puech, F. F. Assemat, E. Gendron, F. Sayede, P. Laporte, M. Marteaud, A. Liotard, and F. Zamkotsian, “FALCON: a concept to extend adaptive optics corrections to cosmological fields,” Proc. SPIE 5382, 727-736(2004).

Hardash, S.

M. Boccas, F. Rigaut, D. Gratadour, C. d'Orgeville, M. Bec, F. Daruich, G. Perez, G. Arriagada, S. Bombino, C. Carter, C. Cavedoni, F. Collao, P. Collins, P. Diaz, A. Ebbers, R. Galvez, G. Gausachs, S. Hardash, E. James, S. Karewicz, M. Lazo, D. Maltes, R. Mouser, R. Rogers, R. Rojas, M. Sheehan, G. Trancho, V. Vergara, and T. Vucina, “GeMS: Gemini MCAO system: current status and commissioning plans,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150X (2008).

Hardy, J. W.

Harrison, M. A.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).

Hart, M.

M. Hart, N. M. Milton, C. Baranec, T. Stalcup, K. Powell, E. Bendek, D. McCarthy, and C. Kulesa, “Wide field astronomical image compensation with multiple laser-guided adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 7468, 74680L (2009).

Hartman, S.

P. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, A. Bouchez, J. Chin, A. Contos, S. Hartman, E. Johansson, R. Lafon, C. Neyman, P. Stomski, D. Summers, M. van Dam, “Adaptive optics developments at Keck Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 1-11 (2004).

Hartman, S. K.

A. M. Ghez, S. D. Hornstein, J. R. Lu, A. Bouchez, D. Le Mignant, M. van Dam, P. L. Wizinowich, K. Matthews, M. Morris, E. E. Becklin, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, S. K. Hartman, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, P. J. Stomski, and D. M. Summers, “The first laser guide star adaptive optics observations of the Galactic center: Sgr A*'s infrared color and the extended red emission in its vicinity,” Astrophys. J. 635, 1087-1094 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hartung, M.

C. A. Trujillo, F. Rigaut, D. Gratadour, and M. Hartung, “Science using the Gemini North laser adaptive optics system,” Bull. Am. Astron. Soc. 39, 748 (2007).

W. Brandner, G. Rousset, R. Lenzen, N. Hubin, F. Lacombe, R. Hofmann, A. Moorwood, A.-M. Lagrange, E. Gendron, M. Hartung, P. Puget, N. Ageorges, P. Biereichel, H. Bouy, J. Charton, G. Dumont, T. Fusco, Y. Jung, M. Lehnert, J.-L. Lizon, G. Monnet, D. Mouillet, C. Moutou, D. Rabaud, C. Röhrle, S. Skole, J. Spyromilio, C. Storz, L. Tacconi-Garman, and G. Zins, “NAOS+CONICA at Yepun: first VLT adaptive optics system sees first light,” Messenger 107, 1-6 (2002).

Hastings, P.

J.-G. Cuby, S. Morris, P. Parr-Burman, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, D. Le Mignant, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J.-P. Amans, F. Assemat, S. Beard, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J.-L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, H. McGregor, T. Morris, B. Neichel, M. Puech, C. Robert, S. Rolt, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivès, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU working in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390J (2009).

Hattori, M.

Y. Hayano, H. Takami, O. Guyon, S. Oya, M. Hattori, Y. Saito, M. Watanabe, N. Murakami, Y. Minowa, M. Ito, S. Colley, M. Eldred, T. Golota, M. Dinkins, N. Kashikawa, and M. Iye, “Current status of the laser guide star adaptive optics system for Subaru telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701510 (2008).

Hayano, Y.

Y. Hayano, H. Takami, O. Guyon, S. Oya, M. Hattori, Y. Saito, M. Watanabe, N. Murakami, Y. Minowa, M. Ito, S. Colley, M. Eldred, T. Golota, M. Dinkins, N. Kashikawa, and M. Iye, “Current status of the laser guide star adaptive optics system for Subaru telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701510 (2008).

Hayward, T. L.

M. Troy, R. G. Dekany, G. Brack, B. R. Oppenheimer, E. E. Bloemhof, T. Trinh, F. G. Dekens, F. Shi, T. L. Hayward, and B. Brandl, “Palomar adaptive optics project: status and performance,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 31-40 (2000).

Heinze, A. N.

P. M. Hinz, T. J. Rodigas, M. A. Kenworthy, S. Sivanandam, A. N. Heinze, E. E. Mamajek, and M. R. Meyer, “Thermal infrared MMTAO observations of the HR 8799 planetary system,” Astrophys. J. (submitted).

Henning, J. R.

A. H. Bouchez, R. G. Dekany, J. R. Angione, C. Baranec, K. Bui, R. S. Burruss, J. R. Crepp, E. E. Croner, J. L. Cromer, S. R. Guiwits, D. D. S. Hale, J. R. Henning, D. Palmer, J. E. Roberts, M. Troy, T. N. Truong, and J. Zolkowerc, “Status of the PALM-3000 high-order adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390H (2009).

Henning, T.

D. Peter, M. Feldt, T. Henning, S. Hippler, J. Aceituno, L. Montoya, J. Costa, and B. Dorner, “PYRAMIR: exploring the on-sky performance of the world's first near-infrared pyramid wavefront sensor,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 122, 63-70(2010).
[CrossRef]

Herriot, G.

J. Atwood, P. Byrnes, and G. Herriot, “NFIRAOS: the optical design of an adaptive optics system for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390G (2009).

Hicks, E.

R. Genzel, A. Burkert, N. Bouch, G. Cresci, N. M. Förster Schreiber, A. Shapley, K. Shapiro, L. J. Tacconi, P. Buschkamp, A. Cimatti, E. Daddi, R. Davies, F. Eisenhauer, D. K. Erb, S. Genel, O. Gerhard, E. Hicks, D. Lutz, T. Naab, T. Ott, S. Rabien, A. Renzini, C. C. Steidel, A. Sternberg, and S. J. Lilly, “From rings to bulges: evidence for rapid secular galaxy evolution at z~2 from integral field spectroscopy in the SINS survey,” Astrophys. J. 687, 59-77 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Higgins, C. H.

R. Q. Fugate, B. L. Ellerbroek, C. H. Higgins, M. P. Jelonek, W. J. Lange, A. C. Slavin, W. J. Wild, D. M. Winker, J. M. Wynia, J. M. Spinhirne, B. R. Boeke, R. E. Ruane, J. F. Moroney, M. D. Oliker, D. W. Swindle, and R. A. Cleis, “Two generations of laser-guide-star adaptive-optics experiments at the Starfire Optical Range,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 11, 310-324 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hinz, P. M.

M. A. Kenworthy, D. L. Miller, G. Brusa, P. M. Hinz, D. L. Fisher, M. Lloyd-Hart, F. P. Wildi, D. W. McCarthy, D. L. Curley, C. Kulesa, P. A. Young, B. D. Oppenheimer, W. Liu, M. R. Meyer, and J. Greissl, “Scientific results from the MMT natural guide star adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 351-358 (2004).

P. M. Hinz, T. J. Rodigas, M. A. Kenworthy, S. Sivanandam, A. N. Heinze, E. E. Mamajek, and M. R. Meyer, “Thermal infrared MMTAO observations of the HR 8799 planetary system,” Astrophys. J. (submitted).

Hippler, S.

D. Peter, M. Feldt, T. Henning, S. Hippler, J. Aceituno, L. Montoya, J. Costa, and B. Dorner, “PYRAMIR: exploring the on-sky performance of the world's first near-infrared pyramid wavefront sensor,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 122, 63-70(2010).
[CrossRef]

Hofmann, R.

W. Brandner, G. Rousset, R. Lenzen, N. Hubin, F. Lacombe, R. Hofmann, A. Moorwood, A.-M. Lagrange, E. Gendron, M. Hartung, P. Puget, N. Ageorges, P. Biereichel, H. Bouy, J. Charton, G. Dumont, T. Fusco, Y. Jung, M. Lehnert, J.-L. Lizon, G. Monnet, D. Mouillet, C. Moutou, D. Rabaud, C. Röhrle, S. Skole, J. Spyromilio, C. Storz, L. Tacconi-Garman, and G. Zins, “NAOS+CONICA at Yepun: first VLT adaptive optics system sees first light,” Messenger 107, 1-6 (2002).

Hornstein, S. D.

A. M. Ghez, S. D. Hornstein, J. R. Lu, A. Bouchez, D. Le Mignant, M. van Dam, P. L. Wizinowich, K. Matthews, M. Morris, E. E. Becklin, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, S. K. Hartman, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, P. J. Stomski, and D. M. Summers, “The first laser guide star adaptive optics observations of the Galactic center: Sgr A*'s infrared color and the extended red emission in its vicinity,” Astrophys. J. 635, 1087-1094 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hubert, Z.

J.-G. Cuby, S. Morris, P. Parr-Burman, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, D. Le Mignant, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J.-P. Amans, F. Assemat, S. Beard, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J.-L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, H. McGregor, T. Morris, B. Neichel, M. Puech, C. Robert, S. Rolt, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivès, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU working in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390J (2009).

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).

Hubin, N.

R. Arsenault, P.-Y. Madec, N. Hubin, J. Paufique, S. Stroebele, C. Soenke, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, S. Oberti, S. Tordo, M. Downing, M. Kiekebusch, R. Conzelmann, M. Duchateau, A. Jost, W. Hackenberg, D. Bonaccini Calia, B. Delabre, R. Stuik, R. Biasi, D. Gallieni, P. Lazzarini, M. Lelouarn, and A. Glindeman, “ESO adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701524 (2008).

R. Arsenault, P.-Y. Madec, N. Hubin, J. Paufique, S. Stroebele, C. Soenke, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, S. Oberti, S. Tordo, M. Downing, M. Kiekebusch, R. Conzelmann, M. Duchateau, A. Jost, W. Hackenberg, D. Bonaccini Calia, B. Delabre, R. Stuik, R. Biasi, D. Gallieni, P. Lazzarini, M. Lelouarn, and A. Glindeman, “ESO adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701524 (2008).

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. Hubin, J. Kolb, J.-L. Lizon, M. Marchesi, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, C. Soenke, S. Tordo, A. Baruffolo, P. Bagnara, and the CAMCAO Consortium, “On-sky testing of the Multi-conjugate Adaptive optics Demonstrator,” Messenger 129, 8-13 (2007).

W. Brandner, G. Rousset, R. Lenzen, N. Hubin, F. Lacombe, R. Hofmann, A. Moorwood, A.-M. Lagrange, E. Gendron, M. Hartung, P. Puget, N. Ageorges, P. Biereichel, H. Bouy, J. Charton, G. Dumont, T. Fusco, Y. Jung, M. Lehnert, J.-L. Lizon, G. Monnet, D. Mouillet, C. Moutou, D. Rabaud, C. Röhrle, S. Skole, J. Spyromilio, C. Storz, L. Tacconi-Garman, and G. Zins, “NAOS+CONICA at Yepun: first VLT adaptive optics system sees first light,” Messenger 107, 1-6 (2002).

N. Hubin, J.-L. Beuzit, P. Gigan, P. Léna, P.-Y. Madec, G. Rousset, C. Boyer, J.-P. Gaffard, J.-C. Richard, M. Vittot, F. Rigaut, E. Gendron, and F. Merkle, “New adaptive optics prototype system for the ESO 3.6 m telescope: Come-on-Plus,” Proc. SPIE 1780, 850-861 (1993).

Hugot, E.

J.-G. Cuby, S. Morris, P. Parr-Burman, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, D. Le Mignant, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J.-P. Amans, F. Assemat, S. Beard, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J.-L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, H. McGregor, T. Morris, B. Neichel, M. Puech, C. Robert, S. Rolt, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivès, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU working in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390J (2009).

Ito, M.

Y. Hayano, H. Takami, O. Guyon, S. Oya, M. Hattori, Y. Saito, M. Watanabe, N. Murakami, Y. Minowa, M. Ito, S. Colley, M. Eldred, T. Golota, M. Dinkins, N. Kashikawa, and M. Iye, “Current status of the laser guide star adaptive optics system for Subaru telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701510 (2008).

Iye, M.

Y. Hayano, H. Takami, O. Guyon, S. Oya, M. Hattori, Y. Saito, M. Watanabe, N. Murakami, Y. Minowa, M. Ito, S. Colley, M. Eldred, T. Golota, M. Dinkins, N. Kashikawa, and M. Iye, “Current status of the laser guide star adaptive optics system for Subaru telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701510 (2008).

Jagourel, P.

J.-G. Cuby, S. Morris, P. Parr-Burman, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, D. Le Mignant, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J.-P. Amans, F. Assemat, S. Beard, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J.-L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, H. McGregor, T. Morris, B. Neichel, M. Puech, C. Robert, S. Rolt, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivès, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU working in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390J (2009).

James, E.

M. Boccas, F. Rigaut, D. Gratadour, C. d'Orgeville, M. Bec, F. Daruich, G. Perez, G. Arriagada, S. Bombino, C. Carter, C. Cavedoni, F. Collao, P. Collins, P. Diaz, A. Ebbers, R. Galvez, G. Gausachs, S. Hardash, E. James, S. Karewicz, M. Lazo, D. Maltes, R. Mouser, R. Rogers, R. Rojas, M. Sheehan, G. Trancho, V. Vergara, and T. Vucina, “GeMS: Gemini MCAO system: current status and commissioning plans,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150X (2008).

Jelonek, M. P.

R. Q. Fugate, B. L. Ellerbroek, C. H. Higgins, M. P. Jelonek, W. J. Lange, A. C. Slavin, W. J. Wild, D. M. Winker, J. M. Wynia, J. M. Spinhirne, B. R. Boeke, R. E. Ruane, J. F. Moroney, M. D. Oliker, D. W. Swindle, and R. A. Cleis, “Two generations of laser-guide-star adaptive-optics experiments at the Starfire Optical Range,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 11, 310-324 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Johansson, E.

D. Gavel, R. Dekany, C. Max, P. Wizinowich, S. Adkins, B. Bauman, J. Bell, E. Johansson, R. Kupke, C. Lockwood, A. Moore, C. Neyman, M. Reinig, and V. Velur, “Concept for the Keck Next Generation Adaptive Optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701567 (2008).

P. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, A. Bouchez, J. Chin, A. Contos, S. Hartman, E. Johansson, R. Lafon, C. Neyman, P. Stomski, D. Summers, M. van Dam, “Adaptive optics developments at Keck Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 1-11 (2004).

Johansson, E. M.

A. M. Ghez, S. D. Hornstein, J. R. Lu, A. Bouchez, D. Le Mignant, M. van Dam, P. L. Wizinowich, K. Matthews, M. Morris, E. E. Becklin, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, S. K. Hartman, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, P. J. Stomski, and D. M. Summers, “The first laser guide star adaptive optics observations of the Galactic center: Sgr A*'s infrared color and the extended red emission in its vicinity,” Astrophys. J. 635, 1087-1094 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Johns, M.

M. Johns, “The Giant Magellan Telescope (GMT),” Proc. SPIE 6986, 698603 (2008).

Johnson, L.

S. M. Ammons, L. Johnson, E. A. Laag, R. Kupke, D. T. Gavel, B. J. Bauman, and C. E. Max, “Integrated laboratory demonstrations of multi-object adaptive optics on a simulated 10-meter telescope at visible wavelengths,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. (submitted).

Jost, A.

R. Arsenault, P.-Y. Madec, N. Hubin, J. Paufique, S. Stroebele, C. Soenke, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, S. Oberti, S. Tordo, M. Downing, M. Kiekebusch, R. Conzelmann, M. Duchateau, A. Jost, W. Hackenberg, D. Bonaccini Calia, B. Delabre, R. Stuik, R. Biasi, D. Gallieni, P. Lazzarini, M. Lelouarn, and A. Glindeman, “ESO adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701524 (2008).

R. Arsenault, P.-Y. Madec, N. Hubin, J. Paufique, S. Stroebele, C. Soenke, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, S. Oberti, S. Tordo, M. Downing, M. Kiekebusch, R. Conzelmann, M. Duchateau, A. Jost, W. Hackenberg, D. Bonaccini Calia, B. Delabre, R. Stuik, R. Biasi, D. Gallieni, P. Lazzarini, M. Lelouarn, and A. Glindeman, “ESO adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701524 (2008).

Jung, Y.

W. Brandner, G. Rousset, R. Lenzen, N. Hubin, F. Lacombe, R. Hofmann, A. Moorwood, A.-M. Lagrange, E. Gendron, M. Hartung, P. Puget, N. Ageorges, P. Biereichel, H. Bouy, J. Charton, G. Dumont, T. Fusco, Y. Jung, M. Lehnert, J.-L. Lizon, G. Monnet, D. Mouillet, C. Moutou, D. Rabaud, C. Röhrle, S. Skole, J. Spyromilio, C. Storz, L. Tacconi-Garman, and G. Zins, “NAOS+CONICA at Yepun: first VLT adaptive optics system sees first light,” Messenger 107, 1-6 (2002).

Kanz, K.

S. S. Olivier, C. E. Max, H. W. Friedman, J. R. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, and K. E. Waltjen, “First significant image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system at Lick Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 3126, 240-248 (1997).

Karewicz, S.

M. Boccas, F. Rigaut, D. Gratadour, C. d'Orgeville, M. Bec, F. Daruich, G. Perez, G. Arriagada, S. Bombino, C. Carter, C. Cavedoni, F. Collao, P. Collins, P. Diaz, A. Ebbers, R. Galvez, G. Gausachs, S. Hardash, E. James, S. Karewicz, M. Lazo, D. Maltes, R. Mouser, R. Rogers, R. Rojas, M. Sheehan, G. Trancho, V. Vergara, and T. Vucina, “GeMS: Gemini MCAO system: current status and commissioning plans,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150X (2008).

Kashikawa, N.

Y. Hayano, H. Takami, O. Guyon, S. Oya, M. Hattori, Y. Saito, M. Watanabe, N. Murakami, Y. Minowa, M. Ito, S. Colley, M. Eldred, T. Golota, M. Dinkins, N. Kashikawa, and M. Iye, “Current status of the laser guide star adaptive optics system for Subaru telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701510 (2008).

Kasliwal, M.

C. Baranec, R. Dekany, S. R. Kulkarni, N. M. Law, E. Ofek, M. Kasliwal, and V. Velur, “Deployment of low-cost replicable laser adaptive optics on 1-3 meter class telescopes,” submission to the ASTRO-2010 decadal survey of astronomy, available at http://www8.nationalacademies.org/astro2010/DetailFileDisplay.aspx?id=528.

Kellerer, A.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).

Kenworthy, M. A.

M. A. Kenworthy, D. L. Miller, G. Brusa, P. M. Hinz, D. L. Fisher, M. Lloyd-Hart, F. P. Wildi, D. W. McCarthy, D. L. Curley, C. Kulesa, P. A. Young, B. D. Oppenheimer, W. Liu, M. R. Meyer, and J. Greissl, “Scientific results from the MMT natural guide star adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 351-358 (2004).

P. M. Hinz, T. J. Rodigas, M. A. Kenworthy, S. Sivanandam, A. N. Heinze, E. E. Mamajek, and M. R. Meyer, “Thermal infrared MMTAO observations of the HR 8799 planetary system,” Astrophys. J. (submitted).

Kerr, J. M.

R. Arsenault, D. A. Salmon, J. M. Kerr, F. J. Rigaut, D. Crampton, and W. A. Grundmann, “PUEO: the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope adaptive optics bonnette. I: system description,” Proc. SPIE 2201, 833-842 (1994).

Kiekebusch, M.

R. Arsenault, P.-Y. Madec, N. Hubin, J. Paufique, S. Stroebele, C. Soenke, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, S. Oberti, S. Tordo, M. Downing, M. Kiekebusch, R. Conzelmann, M. Duchateau, A. Jost, W. Hackenberg, D. Bonaccini Calia, B. Delabre, R. Stuik, R. Biasi, D. Gallieni, P. Lazzarini, M. Lelouarn, and A. Glindeman, “ESO adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701524 (2008).

R. Arsenault, P.-Y. Madec, N. Hubin, J. Paufique, S. Stroebele, C. Soenke, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, S. Oberti, S. Tordo, M. Downing, M. Kiekebusch, R. Conzelmann, M. Duchateau, A. Jost, W. Hackenberg, D. Bonaccini Calia, B. Delabre, R. Stuik, R. Biasi, D. Gallieni, P. Lazzarini, M. Lelouarn, and A. Glindeman, “ESO adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701524 (2008).

Kolb, J.

A. Moretti, G. Piotto, C. Arcidiacono, A. P. Milone, R. Ragazzoni, R. Falomo, J. Farinato, L. R. Bedin, J. Anderson, A. Sarajedini, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, M. Lombini, R. Brast, R. Donaldson, J. Kolb, E. Marchetti, and S. Tordo, “MCAO near-IR photometry of the globular cluster NGC 6388: MAD observations in crowded fields,” Astron. Astrophys. 493, 539-546 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. Hubin, J. Kolb, J.-L. Lizon, M. Marchesi, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, C. Soenke, S. Tordo, A. Baruffolo, P. Bagnara, and the CAMCAO Consortium, “On-sky testing of the Multi-conjugate Adaptive optics Demonstrator,” Messenger 129, 8-13 (2007).

Koliopoulos, C. L.

Kulesa, C.

M. Hart, N. M. Milton, C. Baranec, T. Stalcup, K. Powell, E. Bendek, D. McCarthy, and C. Kulesa, “Wide field astronomical image compensation with multiple laser-guided adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 7468, 74680L (2009).

M. A. Kenworthy, D. L. Miller, G. Brusa, P. M. Hinz, D. L. Fisher, M. Lloyd-Hart, F. P. Wildi, D. W. McCarthy, D. L. Curley, C. Kulesa, P. A. Young, B. D. Oppenheimer, W. Liu, M. R. Meyer, and J. Greissl, “Scientific results from the MMT natural guide star adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 351-358 (2004).

Kulkarni, S. R.

C. Baranec, R. Dekany, S. R. Kulkarni, N. M. Law, E. Ofek, M. Kasliwal, and V. Velur, “Deployment of low-cost replicable laser adaptive optics on 1-3 meter class telescopes,” submission to the ASTRO-2010 decadal survey of astronomy, available at http://www8.nationalacademies.org/astro2010/DetailFileDisplay.aspx?id=528.

Kupke, R.

D. Gavel, R. Dekany, C. Max, P. Wizinowich, S. Adkins, B. Bauman, J. Bell, E. Johansson, R. Kupke, C. Lockwood, A. Moore, C. Neyman, M. Reinig, and V. Velur, “Concept for the Keck Next Generation Adaptive Optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701567 (2008).

S. M. Ammons, L. Johnson, E. A. Laag, R. Kupke, D. T. Gavel, B. J. Bauman, and C. E. Max, “Integrated laboratory demonstrations of multi-object adaptive optics on a simulated 10-meter telescope at visible wavelengths,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. (submitted).

Laag, E. A.

S. M. Ammons, L. Johnson, E. A. Laag, R. Kupke, D. T. Gavel, B. J. Bauman, and C. E. Max, “Integrated laboratory demonstrations of multi-object adaptive optics on a simulated 10-meter telescope at visible wavelengths,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. (submitted).

Lacombe, F.

W. Brandner, G. Rousset, R. Lenzen, N. Hubin, F. Lacombe, R. Hofmann, A. Moorwood, A.-M. Lagrange, E. Gendron, M. Hartung, P. Puget, N. Ageorges, P. Biereichel, H. Bouy, J. Charton, G. Dumont, T. Fusco, Y. Jung, M. Lehnert, J.-L. Lizon, G. Monnet, D. Mouillet, C. Moutou, D. Rabaud, C. Röhrle, S. Skole, J. Spyromilio, C. Storz, L. Tacconi-Garman, and G. Zins, “NAOS+CONICA at Yepun: first VLT adaptive optics system sees first light,” Messenger 107, 1-6 (2002).

Lafon, R.

P. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, A. Bouchez, J. Chin, A. Contos, S. Hartman, E. Johansson, R. Lafon, C. Neyman, P. Stomski, D. Summers, M. van Dam, “Adaptive optics developments at Keck Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 1-11 (2004).

Lafon, R. E.

A. M. Ghez, S. D. Hornstein, J. R. Lu, A. Bouchez, D. Le Mignant, M. van Dam, P. L. Wizinowich, K. Matthews, M. Morris, E. E. Becklin, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, S. K. Hartman, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, P. J. Stomski, and D. M. Summers, “The first laser guide star adaptive optics observations of the Galactic center: Sgr A*'s infrared color and the extended red emission in its vicinity,” Astrophys. J. 635, 1087-1094 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lafrenière, D.

C. Marois, B. Macintosh, T. Barman, B. Zuckerman, I. Song, J. Patience, D. Lafrenière, and R. Doyon, “Direct imaging of multiple planets orbiting the star HR 8799,” Science 322, 1348-1352 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lagrange, A.-M.

W. Brandner, G. Rousset, R. Lenzen, N. Hubin, F. Lacombe, R. Hofmann, A. Moorwood, A.-M. Lagrange, E. Gendron, M. Hartung, P. Puget, N. Ageorges, P. Biereichel, H. Bouy, J. Charton, G. Dumont, T. Fusco, Y. Jung, M. Lehnert, J.-L. Lizon, G. Monnet, D. Mouillet, C. Moutou, D. Rabaud, C. Röhrle, S. Skole, J. Spyromilio, C. Storz, L. Tacconi-Garman, and G. Zins, “NAOS+CONICA at Yepun: first VLT adaptive optics system sees first light,” Messenger 107, 1-6 (2002).

Lange, W. J.

R. Q. Fugate, B. L. Ellerbroek, C. H. Higgins, M. P. Jelonek, W. J. Lange, A. C. Slavin, W. J. Wild, D. M. Winker, J. M. Wynia, J. M. Spinhirne, B. R. Boeke, R. E. Ruane, J. F. Moroney, M. D. Oliker, D. W. Swindle, and R. A. Cleis, “Two generations of laser-guide-star adaptive-optics experiments at the Starfire Optical Range,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 11, 310-324 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Langlois, M.

M. Langlois, T. Rimmele, and G. Moretto, “Solar multiconjugate adaptive optics at the Dunn Solar Telescope: preliminary results,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 59-66 (2004).

Laporte, P.

J.-G. Cuby, S. Morris, P. Parr-Burman, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, D. Le Mignant, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J.-P. Amans, F. Assemat, S. Beard, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J.-L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, H. McGregor, T. Morris, B. Neichel, M. Puech, C. Robert, S. Rolt, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivès, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU working in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390J (2009).

F. Hammer, M. Puech, F. F. Assemat, E. Gendron, F. Sayede, P. Laporte, M. Marteaud, A. Liotard, and F. Zamkotsian, “FALCON: a concept to extend adaptive optics corrections to cosmological fields,” Proc. SPIE 5382, 727-736(2004).

Larkin, J.

B. A. Macintosh, J. R. Graham, D. W. Palmer, R. Doyon, J. Dunn, D. T. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, D. A. Erickson, C. Marois, L. A. Poyneer, R. Soummer, “The Gemini Planet Imager: from science to design to construction,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701518 (2008).

Law, N. M.

C. Baranec, R. Dekany, S. R. Kulkarni, N. M. Law, E. Ofek, M. Kasliwal, and V. Velur, “Deployment of low-cost replicable laser adaptive optics on 1-3 meter class telescopes,” submission to the ASTRO-2010 decadal survey of astronomy, available at http://www8.nationalacademies.org/astro2010/DetailFileDisplay.aspx?id=528.

Lazo, M.

M. Boccas, F. Rigaut, D. Gratadour, C. d'Orgeville, M. Bec, F. Daruich, G. Perez, G. Arriagada, S. Bombino, C. Carter, C. Cavedoni, F. Collao, P. Collins, P. Diaz, A. Ebbers, R. Galvez, G. Gausachs, S. Hardash, E. James, S. Karewicz, M. Lazo, D. Maltes, R. Mouser, R. Rogers, R. Rojas, M. Sheehan, G. Trancho, V. Vergara, and T. Vucina, “GeMS: Gemini MCAO system: current status and commissioning plans,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150X (2008).

Lazzarini, P.

R. Arsenault, P.-Y. Madec, N. Hubin, J. Paufique, S. Stroebele, C. Soenke, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, S. Oberti, S. Tordo, M. Downing, M. Kiekebusch, R. Conzelmann, M. Duchateau, A. Jost, W. Hackenberg, D. Bonaccini Calia, B. Delabre, R. Stuik, R. Biasi, D. Gallieni, P. Lazzarini, M. Lelouarn, and A. Glindeman, “ESO adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701524 (2008).

R. Arsenault, P.-Y. Madec, N. Hubin, J. Paufique, S. Stroebele, C. Soenke, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, S. Oberti, S. Tordo, M. Downing, M. Kiekebusch, R. Conzelmann, M. Duchateau, A. Jost, W. Hackenberg, D. Bonaccini Calia, B. Delabre, R. Stuik, R. Biasi, D. Gallieni, P. Lazzarini, M. Lelouarn, and A. Glindeman, “ESO adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701524 (2008).

Le Mignant, D.

J.-G. Cuby, S. Morris, P. Parr-Burman, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, D. Le Mignant, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J.-P. Amans, F. Assemat, S. Beard, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J.-L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, H. McGregor, T. Morris, B. Neichel, M. Puech, C. Robert, S. Rolt, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivès, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU working in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390J (2009).

A. M. Ghez, S. D. Hornstein, J. R. Lu, A. Bouchez, D. Le Mignant, M. van Dam, P. L. Wizinowich, K. Matthews, M. Morris, E. E. Becklin, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, S. K. Hartman, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, P. J. Stomski, and D. M. Summers, “The first laser guide star adaptive optics observations of the Galactic center: Sgr A*'s infrared color and the extended red emission in its vicinity,” Astrophys. J. 635, 1087-1094 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, A. Bouchez, J. Chin, A. Contos, S. Hartman, E. Johansson, R. Lafon, C. Neyman, P. Stomski, D. Summers, M. van Dam, “Adaptive optics developments at Keck Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 1-11 (2004).

Le Roux, B.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).

Lefebvre, J. E.

Lehnert, M.

J.-G. Cuby, S. Morris, P. Parr-Burman, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, D. Le Mignant, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J.-P. Amans, F. Assemat, S. Beard, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J.-L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, H. McGregor, T. Morris, B. Neichel, M. Puech, C. Robert, S. Rolt, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivès, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU working in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390J (2009).

W. Brandner, G. Rousset, R. Lenzen, N. Hubin, F. Lacombe, R. Hofmann, A. Moorwood, A.-M. Lagrange, E. Gendron, M. Hartung, P. Puget, N. Ageorges, P. Biereichel, H. Bouy, J. Charton, G. Dumont, T. Fusco, Y. Jung, M. Lehnert, J.-L. Lizon, G. Monnet, D. Mouillet, C. Moutou, D. Rabaud, C. Röhrle, S. Skole, J. Spyromilio, C. Storz, L. Tacconi-Garman, and G. Zins, “NAOS+CONICA at Yepun: first VLT adaptive optics system sees first light,” Messenger 107, 1-6 (2002).

Lelouarn, M.

R. Arsenault, P.-Y. Madec, N. Hubin, J. Paufique, S. Stroebele, C. Soenke, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, S. Oberti, S. Tordo, M. Downing, M. Kiekebusch, R. Conzelmann, M. Duchateau, A. Jost, W. Hackenberg, D. Bonaccini Calia, B. Delabre, R. Stuik, R. Biasi, D. Gallieni, P. Lazzarini, M. Lelouarn, and A. Glindeman, “ESO adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701524 (2008).

R. Arsenault, P.-Y. Madec, N. Hubin, J. Paufique, S. Stroebele, C. Soenke, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, S. Oberti, S. Tordo, M. Downing, M. Kiekebusch, R. Conzelmann, M. Duchateau, A. Jost, W. Hackenberg, D. Bonaccini Calia, B. Delabre, R. Stuik, R. Biasi, D. Gallieni, P. Lazzarini, M. Lelouarn, and A. Glindeman, “ESO adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701524 (2008).

Léna,

N. Hubin, J.-L. Beuzit, P. Gigan, P. Léna, P.-Y. Madec, G. Rousset, C. Boyer, J.-P. Gaffard, J.-C. Richard, M. Vittot, F. Rigaut, E. Gendron, and F. Merkle, “New adaptive optics prototype system for the ESO 3.6 m telescope: Come-on-Plus,” Proc. SPIE 1780, 850-861 (1993).

Lenzen, R.

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A. Moretti, G. Piotto, C. Arcidiacono, A. P. Milone, R. Ragazzoni, R. Falomo, J. Farinato, L. R. Bedin, J. Anderson, A. Sarajedini, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, M. Lombini, R. Brast, R. Donaldson, J. Kolb, E. Marchetti, and S. Tordo, “MCAO near-IR photometry of the globular cluster NGC 6388: MAD observations in crowded fields,” Astron. Astrophys. 493, 539-546 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Moretti, C. Arcidiacono, M. Lombini, G. Piotto, R. Falomo, J. Farinato, R. Ragazzoni, A. Barulo, and E. Marchetti, “MAD@VLT observations in layer oriented mode: first results,” Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 80, 139-140 (2009).

Moretto, G.

M. Langlois, T. Rimmele, and G. Moretto, “Solar multiconjugate adaptive optics at the Dunn Solar Telescope: preliminary results,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 59-66 (2004).

Moroney, J. F.

R. Q. Fugate, B. L. Ellerbroek, C. H. Higgins, M. P. Jelonek, W. J. Lange, A. C. Slavin, W. J. Wild, D. M. Winker, J. M. Wynia, J. M. Spinhirne, B. R. Boeke, R. E. Ruane, J. F. Moroney, M. D. Oliker, D. W. Swindle, and R. A. Cleis, “Two generations of laser-guide-star adaptive-optics experiments at the Starfire Optical Range,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 11, 310-324 (1994).
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Morris, M.

A. M. Ghez, S. D. Hornstein, J. R. Lu, A. Bouchez, D. Le Mignant, M. van Dam, P. L. Wizinowich, K. Matthews, M. Morris, E. E. Becklin, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, S. K. Hartman, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, P. J. Stomski, and D. M. Summers, “The first laser guide star adaptive optics observations of the Galactic center: Sgr A*'s infrared color and the extended red emission in its vicinity,” Astrophys. J. 635, 1087-1094 (2005).
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Morris, M. R.

L. Meyer, T. Do, A. Ghez, M. R. Morris, S. Yelda, R. Schödel, A., and Eckart, “A power-law break in the near-infrared power spectrum of the Galactic center black hole,” Astrophys. J. 694, L87-L91 (2009).
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Morris, S.

J.-G. Cuby, S. Morris, P. Parr-Burman, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, D. Le Mignant, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J.-P. Amans, F. Assemat, S. Beard, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J.-L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, H. McGregor, T. Morris, B. Neichel, M. Puech, C. Robert, S. Rolt, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivès, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU working in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390J (2009).

Morris, T.

J.-G. Cuby, S. Morris, P. Parr-Burman, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, D. Le Mignant, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J.-P. Amans, F. Assemat, S. Beard, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J.-L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, H. McGregor, T. Morris, B. Neichel, M. Puech, C. Robert, S. Rolt, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivès, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU working in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390J (2009).

Morris, T. J.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).

Mouillet, D.

W. Brandner, G. Rousset, R. Lenzen, N. Hubin, F. Lacombe, R. Hofmann, A. Moorwood, A.-M. Lagrange, E. Gendron, M. Hartung, P. Puget, N. Ageorges, P. Biereichel, H. Bouy, J. Charton, G. Dumont, T. Fusco, Y. Jung, M. Lehnert, J.-L. Lizon, G. Monnet, D. Mouillet, C. Moutou, D. Rabaud, C. Röhrle, S. Skole, J. Spyromilio, C. Storz, L. Tacconi-Garman, and G. Zins, “NAOS+CONICA at Yepun: first VLT adaptive optics system sees first light,” Messenger 107, 1-6 (2002).

Mouser, R.

M. Boccas, F. Rigaut, D. Gratadour, C. d'Orgeville, M. Bec, F. Daruich, G. Perez, G. Arriagada, S. Bombino, C. Carter, C. Cavedoni, F. Collao, P. Collins, P. Diaz, A. Ebbers, R. Galvez, G. Gausachs, S. Hardash, E. James, S. Karewicz, M. Lazo, D. Maltes, R. Mouser, R. Rogers, R. Rojas, M. Sheehan, G. Trancho, V. Vergara, and T. Vucina, “GeMS: Gemini MCAO system: current status and commissioning plans,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150X (2008).

Moutou, C.

W. Brandner, G. Rousset, R. Lenzen, N. Hubin, F. Lacombe, R. Hofmann, A. Moorwood, A.-M. Lagrange, E. Gendron, M. Hartung, P. Puget, N. Ageorges, P. Biereichel, H. Bouy, J. Charton, G. Dumont, T. Fusco, Y. Jung, M. Lehnert, J.-L. Lizon, G. Monnet, D. Mouillet, C. Moutou, D. Rabaud, C. Röhrle, S. Skole, J. Spyromilio, C. Storz, L. Tacconi-Garman, and G. Zins, “NAOS+CONICA at Yepun: first VLT adaptive optics system sees first light,” Messenger 107, 1-6 (2002).

Muller, R. A.

Murakami, N.

Y. Hayano, H. Takami, O. Guyon, S. Oya, M. Hattori, Y. Saito, M. Watanabe, N. Murakami, Y. Minowa, M. Ito, S. Colley, M. Eldred, T. Golota, M. Dinkins, N. Kashikawa, and M. Iye, “Current status of the laser guide star adaptive optics system for Subaru telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701510 (2008).

Myers, R.

J.-G. Cuby, S. Morris, P. Parr-Burman, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, D. Le Mignant, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J.-P. Amans, F. Assemat, S. Beard, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J.-L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, H. McGregor, T. Morris, B. Neichel, M. Puech, C. Robert, S. Rolt, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivès, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU working in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390J (2009).

Myers, R. M.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).

Naab, T.

R. Genzel, A. Burkert, N. Bouch, G. Cresci, N. M. Förster Schreiber, A. Shapley, K. Shapiro, L. J. Tacconi, P. Buschkamp, A. Cimatti, E. Daddi, R. Davies, F. Eisenhauer, D. K. Erb, S. Genel, O. Gerhard, E. Hicks, D. Lutz, T. Naab, T. Ott, S. Rabien, A. Renzini, C. C. Steidel, A. Sternberg, and S. J. Lilly, “From rings to bulges: evidence for rapid secular galaxy evolution at z~2 from integral field spectroscopy in the SINS survey,” Astrophys. J. 687, 59-77 (2008).
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Nadeau, D.

R. Racine, G. A. H. Walker, D. Nadeau, R. Doyon, and C. Marois, “Speckle noise and the detection of faint companions,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 111, 587-594 (1999).
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S. S. Olivier, C. E. Max, H. W. Friedman, J. R. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, and K. E. Waltjen, “First significant image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system at Lick Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 3126, 240-248 (1997).

Neichel, B.

J.-G. Cuby, S. Morris, P. Parr-Burman, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, D. Le Mignant, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J.-P. Amans, F. Assemat, S. Beard, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J.-L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, H. McGregor, T. Morris, B. Neichel, M. Puech, C. Robert, S. Rolt, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivès, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU working in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390J (2009).

Nelson, J.

J. Nelson and G. Sanders, “The status of the Thirty Meter Telescope project,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70121A (2008).

Newton, I.

I. Newton, Opticks (The Royal Society, 1704).

Neyman, C.

D. Gavel, R. Dekany, C. Max, P. Wizinowich, S. Adkins, B. Bauman, J. Bell, E. Johansson, R. Kupke, C. Lockwood, A. Moore, C. Neyman, M. Reinig, and V. Velur, “Concept for the Keck Next Generation Adaptive Optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701567 (2008).

P. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, A. Bouchez, J. Chin, A. Contos, S. Hartman, E. Johansson, R. Lafon, C. Neyman, P. Stomski, D. Summers, M. van Dam, “Adaptive optics developments at Keck Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 1-11 (2004).

Neyman, C. R.

L. C. Roberts and C. R. Neyman, “Characterization of the AEOS adaptive optics system,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 114, 1260-1266 (2002).
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Niero, T.

R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, A. Baruffolo, E. Marchetti, J. Farinato, T. Niero, G. Crimi, and M. Ghigo, “Testing the pyramid wavefront sensor on the sky,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 423-430 (2000).

Oberti, S.

R. Arsenault, P.-Y. Madec, N. Hubin, J. Paufique, S. Stroebele, C. Soenke, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, S. Oberti, S. Tordo, M. Downing, M. Kiekebusch, R. Conzelmann, M. Duchateau, A. Jost, W. Hackenberg, D. Bonaccini Calia, B. Delabre, R. Stuik, R. Biasi, D. Gallieni, P. Lazzarini, M. Lelouarn, and A. Glindeman, “ESO adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701524 (2008).

R. Arsenault, P.-Y. Madec, N. Hubin, J. Paufique, S. Stroebele, C. Soenke, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, S. Oberti, S. Tordo, M. Downing, M. Kiekebusch, R. Conzelmann, M. Duchateau, A. Jost, W. Hackenberg, D. Bonaccini Calia, B. Delabre, R. Stuik, R. Biasi, D. Gallieni, P. Lazzarini, M. Lelouarn, and A. Glindeman, “ESO adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701524 (2008).

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. Hubin, J. Kolb, J.-L. Lizon, M. Marchesi, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, C. Soenke, S. Tordo, A. Baruffolo, P. Bagnara, and the CAMCAO Consortium, “On-sky testing of the Multi-conjugate Adaptive optics Demonstrator,” Messenger 129, 8-13 (2007).

Ofek, E.

C. Baranec, R. Dekany, S. R. Kulkarni, N. M. Law, E. Ofek, M. Kasliwal, and V. Velur, “Deployment of low-cost replicable laser adaptive optics on 1-3 meter class telescopes,” submission to the ASTRO-2010 decadal survey of astronomy, available at http://www8.nationalacademies.org/astro2010/DetailFileDisplay.aspx?id=528.

Oliker, M. D.

R. Q. Fugate, B. L. Ellerbroek, C. H. Higgins, M. P. Jelonek, W. J. Lange, A. C. Slavin, W. J. Wild, D. M. Winker, J. M. Wynia, J. M. Spinhirne, B. R. Boeke, R. E. Ruane, J. F. Moroney, M. D. Oliker, D. W. Swindle, and R. A. Cleis, “Two generations of laser-guide-star adaptive-optics experiments at the Starfire Optical Range,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 11, 310-324 (1994).
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Olivier, S. S.

S. S. Olivier, C. E. Max, H. W. Friedman, J. R. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, and K. E. Waltjen, “First significant image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system at Lick Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 3126, 240-248 (1997).

Oppenheimer, B.

B. A. Macintosh, J. R. Graham, D. W. Palmer, R. Doyon, J. Dunn, D. T. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, D. A. Erickson, C. Marois, L. A. Poyneer, R. Soummer, “The Gemini Planet Imager: from science to design to construction,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701518 (2008).

Oppenheimer, B. D.

M. A. Kenworthy, D. L. Miller, G. Brusa, P. M. Hinz, D. L. Fisher, M. Lloyd-Hart, F. P. Wildi, D. W. McCarthy, D. L. Curley, C. Kulesa, P. A. Young, B. D. Oppenheimer, W. Liu, M. R. Meyer, and J. Greissl, “Scientific results from the MMT natural guide star adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 351-358 (2004).

Oppenheimer, B. R.

M. Troy, R. G. Dekany, G. Brack, B. R. Oppenheimer, E. E. Bloemhof, T. Trinh, F. G. Dekens, F. Shi, T. L. Hayward, and B. Brandl, “Palomar adaptive optics project: status and performance,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 31-40 (2000).

Orth, C. D.

Ott, T.

R. Genzel, A. Burkert, N. Bouch, G. Cresci, N. M. Förster Schreiber, A. Shapley, K. Shapiro, L. J. Tacconi, P. Buschkamp, A. Cimatti, E. Daddi, R. Davies, F. Eisenhauer, D. K. Erb, S. Genel, O. Gerhard, E. Hicks, D. Lutz, T. Naab, T. Ott, S. Rabien, A. Renzini, C. C. Steidel, A. Sternberg, and S. J. Lilly, “From rings to bulges: evidence for rapid secular galaxy evolution at z~2 from integral field spectroscopy in the SINS survey,” Astrophys. J. 687, 59-77 (2008).
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Oya, S.

Y. Hayano, H. Takami, O. Guyon, S. Oya, M. Hattori, Y. Saito, M. Watanabe, N. Murakami, Y. Minowa, M. Ito, S. Colley, M. Eldred, T. Golota, M. Dinkins, N. Kashikawa, and M. Iye, “Current status of the laser guide star adaptive optics system for Subaru telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701510 (2008).

Palmer, D.

A. H. Bouchez, R. G. Dekany, J. R. Angione, C. Baranec, K. Bui, R. S. Burruss, J. R. Crepp, E. E. Croner, J. L. Cromer, S. R. Guiwits, D. D. S. Hale, J. R. Henning, D. Palmer, J. E. Roberts, M. Troy, T. N. Truong, and J. Zolkowerc, “Status of the PALM-3000 high-order adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390H (2009).

Palmer, D. W.

B. A. Macintosh, J. R. Graham, D. W. Palmer, R. Doyon, J. Dunn, D. T. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, D. A. Erickson, C. Marois, L. A. Poyneer, R. Soummer, “The Gemini Planet Imager: from science to design to construction,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701518 (2008).

Parr-Burman, P.

J.-G. Cuby, S. Morris, P. Parr-Burman, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, D. Le Mignant, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J.-P. Amans, F. Assemat, S. Beard, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J.-L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, H. McGregor, T. Morris, B. Neichel, M. Puech, C. Robert, S. Rolt, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivès, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU working in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390J (2009).

Patience, J.

C. Marois, B. Macintosh, T. Barman, B. Zuckerman, I. Song, J. Patience, D. Lafrenière, and R. Doyon, “Direct imaging of multiple planets orbiting the star HR 8799,” Science 322, 1348-1352 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Paufique, J.

R. Arsenault, P.-Y. Madec, N. Hubin, J. Paufique, S. Stroebele, C. Soenke, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, S. Oberti, S. Tordo, M. Downing, M. Kiekebusch, R. Conzelmann, M. Duchateau, A. Jost, W. Hackenberg, D. Bonaccini Calia, B. Delabre, R. Stuik, R. Biasi, D. Gallieni, P. Lazzarini, M. Lelouarn, and A. Glindeman, “ESO adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701524 (2008).

R. Arsenault, P.-Y. Madec, N. Hubin, J. Paufique, S. Stroebele, C. Soenke, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, S. Oberti, S. Tordo, M. Downing, M. Kiekebusch, R. Conzelmann, M. Duchateau, A. Jost, W. Hackenberg, D. Bonaccini Calia, B. Delabre, R. Stuik, R. Biasi, D. Gallieni, P. Lazzarini, M. Lelouarn, and A. Glindeman, “ESO adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701524 (2008).

Perez, G.

M. Boccas, F. Rigaut, D. Gratadour, C. d'Orgeville, M. Bec, F. Daruich, G. Perez, G. Arriagada, S. Bombino, C. Carter, C. Cavedoni, F. Collao, P. Collins, P. Diaz, A. Ebbers, R. Galvez, G. Gausachs, S. Hardash, E. James, S. Karewicz, M. Lazo, D. Maltes, R. Mouser, R. Rogers, R. Rojas, M. Sheehan, G. Trancho, V. Vergara, and T. Vucina, “GeMS: Gemini MCAO system: current status and commissioning plans,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150X (2008).

Peter, D.

D. Peter, M. Feldt, T. Henning, S. Hippler, J. Aceituno, L. Montoya, J. Costa, and B. Dorner, “PYRAMIR: exploring the on-sky performance of the world's first near-infrared pyramid wavefront sensor,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 122, 63-70(2010).
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Piotto, G.

A. Moretti, G. Piotto, C. Arcidiacono, A. P. Milone, R. Ragazzoni, R. Falomo, J. Farinato, L. R. Bedin, J. Anderson, A. Sarajedini, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, M. Lombini, R. Brast, R. Donaldson, J. Kolb, E. Marchetti, and S. Tordo, “MCAO near-IR photometry of the globular cluster NGC 6388: MAD observations in crowded fields,” Astron. Astrophys. 493, 539-546 (2009).
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A. Moretti, C. Arcidiacono, M. Lombini, G. Piotto, R. Falomo, J. Farinato, R. Ragazzoni, A. Barulo, and E. Marchetti, “MAD@VLT observations in layer oriented mode: first results,” Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 80, 139-140 (2009).

Pluzhnik, E. A.

O. Guyon, E. A. Pluzhnik, R. Galicher, F. Martinache, S. T. Ridgway, and R. A. Woodruff, “Exoplanet imaging with a phase-induced amplitude apodization coronagraph. I. Principle,” Astrophys. J. 622, 744-758 (2005).
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Powell, K.

M. Hart, N. M. Milton, C. Baranec, T. Stalcup, K. Powell, E. Bendek, D. McCarthy, and C. Kulesa, “Wide field astronomical image compensation with multiple laser-guided adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 7468, 74680L (2009).

Poyneer, L. A.

B. A. Macintosh, J. R. Graham, D. W. Palmer, R. Doyon, J. Dunn, D. T. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, D. A. Erickson, C. Marois, L. A. Poyneer, R. Soummer, “The Gemini Planet Imager: from science to design to construction,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701518 (2008).

Puech, M.

J.-G. Cuby, S. Morris, P. Parr-Burman, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, D. Le Mignant, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J.-P. Amans, F. Assemat, S. Beard, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J.-L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, H. McGregor, T. Morris, B. Neichel, M. Puech, C. Robert, S. Rolt, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivès, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU working in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7439, 74390J (2009).

F. Hammer, M. Puech, F. F. Assemat, E. Gendron, F. Sayede, P. Laporte, M. Marteaud, A. Liotard, and F. Zamkotsian, “FALCON: a concept to extend adaptive optics corrections to cosmological fields,” Proc. SPIE 5382, 727-736(2004).

Puget, P.

W. Brandner, G. Rousset, R. Lenzen, N. Hubin, F. Lacombe, R. Hofmann, A. Moorwood, A.-M. Lagrange, E. Gendron, M. Hartung, P. Puget, N. Ageorges, P. Biereichel, H. Bouy, J. Charton, G. Dumont, T. Fusco, Y. Jung, M. Lehnert, J.-L. Lizon, G. Monnet, D. Mouillet, C. Moutou, D. Rabaud, C. Röhrle, S. Skole, J. Spyromilio, C. Storz, L. Tacconi-Garman, and G. Zins, “NAOS+CONICA at Yepun: first VLT adaptive optics system sees first light,” Messenger 107, 1-6 (2002).

Putnam, N.

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R. Q. Fugate, B. L. Ellerbroek, C. H. Higgins, M. P. Jelonek, W. J. Lange, A. C. Slavin, W. J. Wild, D. M. Winker, J. M. Wynia, J. M. Spinhirne, B. R. Boeke, R. E. Ruane, J. F. Moroney, M. D. Oliker, D. W. Swindle, and R. A. Cleis, “Two generations of laser-guide-star adaptive-optics experiments at the Starfire Optical Range,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 11, 310-324 (1994).
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R. Q. Fugate, B. L. Ellerbroek, C. H. Higgins, M. P. Jelonek, W. J. Lange, A. C. Slavin, W. J. Wild, D. M. Winker, J. M. Wynia, J. M. Spinhirne, B. R. Boeke, R. E. Ruane, J. F. Moroney, M. D. Oliker, D. W. Swindle, and R. A. Cleis, “Two generations of laser-guide-star adaptive-optics experiments at the Starfire Optical Range,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 11, 310-324 (1994).
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M. A. Kenworthy, D. L. Miller, G. Brusa, P. M. Hinz, D. L. Fisher, M. Lloyd-Hart, F. P. Wildi, D. W. McCarthy, D. L. Curley, C. Kulesa, P. A. Young, B. D. Oppenheimer, W. Liu, M. R. Meyer, and J. Greissl, “Scientific results from the MMT natural guide star adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 351-358 (2004).

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R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).

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F. Hammer, M. Puech, F. F. Assemat, E. Gendron, F. Sayede, P. Laporte, M. Marteaud, A. Liotard, and F. Zamkotsian, “FALCON: a concept to extend adaptive optics corrections to cosmological fields,” Proc. SPIE 5382, 727-736(2004).

Zins, G.

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Science (1)

C. Marois, B. Macintosh, T. Barman, B. Zuckerman, I. Song, J. Patience, D. Lafrenière, and R. Doyon, “Direct imaging of multiple planets orbiting the star HR 8799,” Science 322, 1348-1352 (2008).
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J. M. Beckers, “Increasing the size of the isoplanatic patch with multiconjugate adaptive optics,” in ESO Conference on Very Large Telescopes and Their Instrumentation, M. -H. Ulrich, ed. (European Southern Observatory, 1998), Vol. 2, pp. 693-703.

R.Dekany and M.Lloyd-Hart, eds., “A roadmap for the development of United States astronomical adaptive optics,” available at http://www.aura-astronomy.org/nv/AO_Roadmap2008_Final.pdf (2008).

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C. Baranec, R. Dekany, S. R. Kulkarni, N. M. Law, E. Ofek, M. Kasliwal, and V. Velur, “Deployment of low-cost replicable laser adaptive optics on 1-3 meter class telescopes,” submission to the ASTRO-2010 decadal survey of astronomy, available at http://www8.nationalacademies.org/astro2010/DetailFileDisplay.aspx?id=528.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Publication rate of refereed astronomical science papers using data from laser-guided AO systems. The sharp increase in all fields, particularly extragalactic, in 2005 is attributable to the deployment of the Keck II sodum laser guide star. As of this writing, the data for 2009 are not complete. (Based on [69], courtesy M. Liu.)

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Cartoon illustrating the field dependence of the effect of high-altitude turbulence on the light from two astronomical objects. When a natural star is used as the AO beacon, this effect degrades performance for science objects that are displaced from it. (b) The field effect can be mitigated by use of a laser guide star, but the finite range introduces its own sampling error. (c) By deploying multiple laser beacons, the turbulence can be fully sampled, and through tomographic analysis of the beacon signals, the 3D structure of the turbulence can be deduced.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Photograph of the beam from a sodium resonance guide star laser propagating from a telescope at the SOR, taken with a Nikon digital camera with a 400 mm telephoto lens approximately 50 m off axis. The timed exposure shows the Rayleigh scattering decreasing as the atmospheric density drops and the spot in the mesospheric sodium layer in the upper right. Inset is an image of the resonance beacon as seen by the telescope itself. Stars appear as trails, evidence of camera shake. Photograph by Art Goodman; used with permission.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Adaptive secondary mirror at the 6.5 m MMT, the first of its kind, of particular value for wide field and thermal IR application.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Image of the triple planetary system around HR 8799 recorded in L band at the MMT. In this 90 minute exposure, the central star has been masked out. (Courtesy P. Hinz.)

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Strehl ratio maps (with contours labeled in % at 2.2 μm ) for classical AO (left) and multi-conjugate AO (right) recorded with the Multi-Conjugate Adaptive Optics Demonstrator at the VLT. The useful corrected field of view for classical AO is just 20 arc sec. In contrast, the performance with MCAO is much more uniform across the field, with peaks in the directions of the three guide stars and a valley at the center of the field of view. (Courtesy E. Marchetti, ESO.)

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

R-band Strehl ratio maps for MOAO (left) and the normal anisoplanatic case (right), measured in an experiment in the Laboratory for Adaptive Optics at the University of California at Santa Cruz. The yellow stars indicate the locations of laser guide stars. The MOAO map is averaged over many atmospheric realizations while the anisoplanatic map was obtained from only one atmospheric realization. (Courtesy S. M. Ammons.)

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Part of the core of M3 imaged in K band in two 60 s exposures at the MMT. These are sections of 33 × 27 arc sec cut from the full 110 arc sec field of the science camera, in the seeing limit (left) and with GLAO running at 400 Hz (right). The images are shown on a truncated linear scale that reaches the noise floor. For reference, a star with m K = 18 is shown in the corrected image, detected at signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of 7. In the uncorrected image stars must be 2 magnitudes brighter to be detected at the same SNR.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Comparison of the FWHM of open-loop and closed-loop stellar images versus distance from the tip-tilt star for GLAO correction with the MMT’s five-laser AO system. These results were obtained from 60 s images of the open cluster M34 at 2.14 μm wavelength. The horizontal dotted lines represent the K-band seeing limit and average corrected width across the field. Plus symbols indicate closed loop and X symbols indicate open loop measurements.

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