Abstract

We demonstrate a compact laser source suitable for trapping and cooling potassium. By frequency doubling a fiber laser diode at 1534nm in a waveguide, we produce 767nm laser light. A current modulation of the diode allows us to generate the two required frequencies for cooling in a simple and robust apparatus. We successfully used this laser source to trap K39.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Könemann, W. Brinkmann, E. Göklü, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. van Zoest, E. M. Rasel, W. Ertmer, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, A. Peters, A. Vogel, G. Johannsen, S. Wildfang, K. Bongs, K. Sengstock, E. Kajari, G. Nandi, R. Walser, and W. P. Schleich, “A freely falling magneto-optical trap drop tower experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 431–438(2007).
    [Crossref]
  2. P. Laurent, M. Abgrall, C. Jentsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, I. Maksimovic, S. Bize, C. Salomon, D. Blonde, J. F. Vega, O. Grosjean, F. Picard, M. Saccoccio, M. Chaubet, N. Ladiette, L. Guillet, I. Zenone, C. Delaroche, and C. Sirmain, “Design of the cold atom PHARAO space clock and initial test results,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 683–690 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  3. R. J. Thompson, M. Tu, D. C. Aveline, N. Lundblad, and L. Maleki, “High power single frequency 780 nm laser source generated from frequency doubling of a seeded fiber amplifier in a cascade of PPLN crystals,” Opt. Express 11, 1709–1713(2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. F. Lienhart, S. Boussen, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, and A. Bresson, “Compact and robust laser system for rubidium laser cooling based on the frequency doubling of a fiber bench at 1560 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 177–180 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. Goldwin, S. B. Papp, B. DeMarco, and D. S. Jin, “Two-species magneto-optical trap with K40 and Rb87,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 021402 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  6. R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, B. Villier, D. Sacchet, F. Moron, Y. Le Coq, A. Aspect, and P. Bouyer, “Tapered-amplified antireflection-coated laser diodes for potassium and rubidium atomic-physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 033105(2006).
    [Crossref]
  7. B. DeMarco and D. S. Jin, “Onset of Fermi degeneracy in a trapped atomic gas,” Science 285, 1703–1706 (1999).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. M. Greiner, C. A. Regal, and D. S. Jin, “Emergence of a molecular Bose–Einstein condensate from a Fermi gas,” Nature 426, 537–540 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. G. Roati, E. de Mirandes, F. Ferlaino, H. Ott, G. Modugno, and M. Inguscio, “Atom interferometry with trapped Fermi gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 230402 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. M. Fattori, C. D’Errico, G. Roati, M. Zaccanti, M. Jona-Lasinio, M. Modugno, M. Inguscio, and G. Modugno, “Atom interferometry with a weakly interacting Bose–Einstein condensate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 080405 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. A semiconductor optical amplifier would be more compact than an EDFA and requires slightly less input power, but the available output powers are still too low in comparison with the EDFA.
  12. T. Nishikawa, A. Ozawa, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, F.-L. Hong, and T. W. Hänsch, “Efficient 494 mW sum-frequency generation of sodium resonance radiation at 589 nm by using a periodically poled Zn:LiNbO3 ridge waveguide,” Opt. Express 17, 17792–17800 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. For K41, the hyperfine splitting of the ground state is 254 MHz, and current modulation is still possible. For K40, the hyperfine splitting is 1.28 GHz, larger than the bandwidth of the modulation bias tee. However, we were able to generate two sidebands at ±642 MHz, with a modulation amplitude high enough to extinguish the carrier wave. Higher-order sidebands are still generated, which result in power losses.
  14. For Rb85 or Rb87, the hyperfine splitting is of the order of a few gigahertz, larger than the bandwidth of the modulation bias tee. A phase modulator must be used to generate sidebands instead of current modulation.
  15. G. Stern, B. Battelier, R. Geiger, G. Varoquaux, A. Villing, F. Moron, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, W. Chaibi, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “Light-pulse atom interferometry in microgravity,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 353–357 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  16. R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, F. Lienhart, D. Chambon, S. Boussen, J. -F. Clément, T. Müller, G. Santarelli, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Clairon, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “I.C.E.: a transportable atomic inertial sensor for test in microgravity,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 673–681 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  17. Institut Francilien de Recherche en Atomes Froids: http://213.251.135.217/ifraf/.

2009 (2)

T. Nishikawa, A. Ozawa, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, F.-L. Hong, and T. W. Hänsch, “Efficient 494 mW sum-frequency generation of sodium resonance radiation at 589 nm by using a periodically poled Zn:LiNbO3 ridge waveguide,” Opt. Express 17, 17792–17800 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Stern, B. Battelier, R. Geiger, G. Varoquaux, A. Villing, F. Moron, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, W. Chaibi, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “Light-pulse atom interferometry in microgravity,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 353–357 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

M. Fattori, C. D’Errico, G. Roati, M. Zaccanti, M. Jona-Lasinio, M. Modugno, M. Inguscio, and G. Modugno, “Atom interferometry with a weakly interacting Bose–Einstein condensate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 080405 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

T. Könemann, W. Brinkmann, E. Göklü, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. van Zoest, E. M. Rasel, W. Ertmer, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, A. Peters, A. Vogel, G. Johannsen, S. Wildfang, K. Bongs, K. Sengstock, E. Kajari, G. Nandi, R. Walser, and W. P. Schleich, “A freely falling magneto-optical trap drop tower experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 431–438(2007).
[Crossref]

F. Lienhart, S. Boussen, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, and A. Bresson, “Compact and robust laser system for rubidium laser cooling based on the frequency doubling of a fiber bench at 1560 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 177–180 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (3)

P. Laurent, M. Abgrall, C. Jentsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, I. Maksimovic, S. Bize, C. Salomon, D. Blonde, J. F. Vega, O. Grosjean, F. Picard, M. Saccoccio, M. Chaubet, N. Ladiette, L. Guillet, I. Zenone, C. Delaroche, and C. Sirmain, “Design of the cold atom PHARAO space clock and initial test results,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 683–690 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, B. Villier, D. Sacchet, F. Moron, Y. Le Coq, A. Aspect, and P. Bouyer, “Tapered-amplified antireflection-coated laser diodes for potassium and rubidium atomic-physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 033105(2006).
[Crossref]

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, F. Lienhart, D. Chambon, S. Boussen, J. -F. Clément, T. Müller, G. Santarelli, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Clairon, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “I.C.E.: a transportable atomic inertial sensor for test in microgravity,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 673–681 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

G. Roati, E. de Mirandes, F. Ferlaino, H. Ott, G. Modugno, and M. Inguscio, “Atom interferometry with trapped Fermi gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 230402 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

2002 (1)

J. Goldwin, S. B. Papp, B. DeMarco, and D. S. Jin, “Two-species magneto-optical trap with K40 and Rb87,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 021402 (2002).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

B. DeMarco and D. S. Jin, “Onset of Fermi degeneracy in a trapped atomic gas,” Science 285, 1703–1706 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Abgrall, M.

P. Laurent, M. Abgrall, C. Jentsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, I. Maksimovic, S. Bize, C. Salomon, D. Blonde, J. F. Vega, O. Grosjean, F. Picard, M. Saccoccio, M. Chaubet, N. Ladiette, L. Guillet, I. Zenone, C. Delaroche, and C. Sirmain, “Design of the cold atom PHARAO space clock and initial test results,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 683–690 (2006).
[Crossref]

Asobe, M.

Aspect, A.

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, B. Villier, D. Sacchet, F. Moron, Y. Le Coq, A. Aspect, and P. Bouyer, “Tapered-amplified antireflection-coated laser diodes for potassium and rubidium atomic-physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 033105(2006).
[Crossref]

Aveline, D. C.

Battelier, B.

G. Stern, B. Battelier, R. Geiger, G. Varoquaux, A. Villing, F. Moron, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, W. Chaibi, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “Light-pulse atom interferometry in microgravity,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 353–357 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bidel, Y.

G. Stern, B. Battelier, R. Geiger, G. Varoquaux, A. Villing, F. Moron, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, W. Chaibi, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “Light-pulse atom interferometry in microgravity,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 353–357 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Lienhart, S. Boussen, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, and A. Bresson, “Compact and robust laser system for rubidium laser cooling based on the frequency doubling of a fiber bench at 1560 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 177–180 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bize, S.

P. Laurent, M. Abgrall, C. Jentsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, I. Maksimovic, S. Bize, C. Salomon, D. Blonde, J. F. Vega, O. Grosjean, F. Picard, M. Saccoccio, M. Chaubet, N. Ladiette, L. Guillet, I. Zenone, C. Delaroche, and C. Sirmain, “Design of the cold atom PHARAO space clock and initial test results,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 683–690 (2006).
[Crossref]

Blonde, D.

P. Laurent, M. Abgrall, C. Jentsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, I. Maksimovic, S. Bize, C. Salomon, D. Blonde, J. F. Vega, O. Grosjean, F. Picard, M. Saccoccio, M. Chaubet, N. Ladiette, L. Guillet, I. Zenone, C. Delaroche, and C. Sirmain, “Design of the cold atom PHARAO space clock and initial test results,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 683–690 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bongs, K.

T. Könemann, W. Brinkmann, E. Göklü, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. van Zoest, E. M. Rasel, W. Ertmer, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, A. Peters, A. Vogel, G. Johannsen, S. Wildfang, K. Bongs, K. Sengstock, E. Kajari, G. Nandi, R. Walser, and W. P. Schleich, “A freely falling magneto-optical trap drop tower experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 431–438(2007).
[Crossref]

Boussen, S.

F. Lienhart, S. Boussen, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, and A. Bresson, “Compact and robust laser system for rubidium laser cooling based on the frequency doubling of a fiber bench at 1560 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 177–180 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, F. Lienhart, D. Chambon, S. Boussen, J. -F. Clément, T. Müller, G. Santarelli, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Clairon, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “I.C.E.: a transportable atomic inertial sensor for test in microgravity,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 673–681 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bouyer, P.

G. Stern, B. Battelier, R. Geiger, G. Varoquaux, A. Villing, F. Moron, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, W. Chaibi, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “Light-pulse atom interferometry in microgravity,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 353–357 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, F. Lienhart, D. Chambon, S. Boussen, J. -F. Clément, T. Müller, G. Santarelli, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Clairon, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “I.C.E.: a transportable atomic inertial sensor for test in microgravity,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 673–681 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, B. Villier, D. Sacchet, F. Moron, Y. Le Coq, A. Aspect, and P. Bouyer, “Tapered-amplified antireflection-coated laser diodes for potassium and rubidium atomic-physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 033105(2006).
[Crossref]

Bresson, A.

G. Stern, B. Battelier, R. Geiger, G. Varoquaux, A. Villing, F. Moron, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, W. Chaibi, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “Light-pulse atom interferometry in microgravity,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 353–357 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Lienhart, S. Boussen, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, and A. Bresson, “Compact and robust laser system for rubidium laser cooling based on the frequency doubling of a fiber bench at 1560 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 177–180 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, F. Lienhart, D. Chambon, S. Boussen, J. -F. Clément, T. Müller, G. Santarelli, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Clairon, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “I.C.E.: a transportable atomic inertial sensor for test in microgravity,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 673–681 (2006).
[Crossref]

Brinkmann, W.

T. Könemann, W. Brinkmann, E. Göklü, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. van Zoest, E. M. Rasel, W. Ertmer, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, A. Peters, A. Vogel, G. Johannsen, S. Wildfang, K. Bongs, K. Sengstock, E. Kajari, G. Nandi, R. Walser, and W. P. Schleich, “A freely falling magneto-optical trap drop tower experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 431–438(2007).
[Crossref]

Carraz, O.

G. Stern, B. Battelier, R. Geiger, G. Varoquaux, A. Villing, F. Moron, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, W. Chaibi, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “Light-pulse atom interferometry in microgravity,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 353–357 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Lienhart, S. Boussen, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, and A. Bresson, “Compact and robust laser system for rubidium laser cooling based on the frequency doubling of a fiber bench at 1560 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 177–180 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chaibi, W.

G. Stern, B. Battelier, R. Geiger, G. Varoquaux, A. Villing, F. Moron, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, W. Chaibi, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “Light-pulse atom interferometry in microgravity,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 353–357 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chambon, D.

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, F. Lienhart, D. Chambon, S. Boussen, J. -F. Clément, T. Müller, G. Santarelli, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Clairon, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “I.C.E.: a transportable atomic inertial sensor for test in microgravity,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 673–681 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chaubet, M.

P. Laurent, M. Abgrall, C. Jentsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, I. Maksimovic, S. Bize, C. Salomon, D. Blonde, J. F. Vega, O. Grosjean, F. Picard, M. Saccoccio, M. Chaubet, N. Ladiette, L. Guillet, I. Zenone, C. Delaroche, and C. Sirmain, “Design of the cold atom PHARAO space clock and initial test results,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 683–690 (2006).
[Crossref]

Clairon, A.

P. Laurent, M. Abgrall, C. Jentsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, I. Maksimovic, S. Bize, C. Salomon, D. Blonde, J. F. Vega, O. Grosjean, F. Picard, M. Saccoccio, M. Chaubet, N. Ladiette, L. Guillet, I. Zenone, C. Delaroche, and C. Sirmain, “Design of the cold atom PHARAO space clock and initial test results,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 683–690 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, F. Lienhart, D. Chambon, S. Boussen, J. -F. Clément, T. Müller, G. Santarelli, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Clairon, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “I.C.E.: a transportable atomic inertial sensor for test in microgravity,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 673–681 (2006).
[Crossref]

Clément, J. -F.

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, F. Lienhart, D. Chambon, S. Boussen, J. -F. Clément, T. Müller, G. Santarelli, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Clairon, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “I.C.E.: a transportable atomic inertial sensor for test in microgravity,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 673–681 (2006).
[Crossref]

D’Errico, C.

M. Fattori, C. D’Errico, G. Roati, M. Zaccanti, M. Jona-Lasinio, M. Modugno, M. Inguscio, and G. Modugno, “Atom interferometry with a weakly interacting Bose–Einstein condensate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 080405 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

de Mirandes, E.

G. Roati, E. de Mirandes, F. Ferlaino, H. Ott, G. Modugno, and M. Inguscio, “Atom interferometry with trapped Fermi gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 230402 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Delaroche, C.

P. Laurent, M. Abgrall, C. Jentsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, I. Maksimovic, S. Bize, C. Salomon, D. Blonde, J. F. Vega, O. Grosjean, F. Picard, M. Saccoccio, M. Chaubet, N. Ladiette, L. Guillet, I. Zenone, C. Delaroche, and C. Sirmain, “Design of the cold atom PHARAO space clock and initial test results,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 683–690 (2006).
[Crossref]

DeMarco, B.

J. Goldwin, S. B. Papp, B. DeMarco, and D. S. Jin, “Two-species magneto-optical trap with K40 and Rb87,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 021402 (2002).
[Crossref]

B. DeMarco and D. S. Jin, “Onset of Fermi degeneracy in a trapped atomic gas,” Science 285, 1703–1706 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dittus, H.

T. Könemann, W. Brinkmann, E. Göklü, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. van Zoest, E. M. Rasel, W. Ertmer, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, A. Peters, A. Vogel, G. Johannsen, S. Wildfang, K. Bongs, K. Sengstock, E. Kajari, G. Nandi, R. Walser, and W. P. Schleich, “A freely falling magneto-optical trap drop tower experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 431–438(2007).
[Crossref]

Ertmer, W.

T. Könemann, W. Brinkmann, E. Göklü, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. van Zoest, E. M. Rasel, W. Ertmer, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, A. Peters, A. Vogel, G. Johannsen, S. Wildfang, K. Bongs, K. Sengstock, E. Kajari, G. Nandi, R. Walser, and W. P. Schleich, “A freely falling magneto-optical trap drop tower experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 431–438(2007).
[Crossref]

Fattori, M.

M. Fattori, C. D’Errico, G. Roati, M. Zaccanti, M. Jona-Lasinio, M. Modugno, M. Inguscio, and G. Modugno, “Atom interferometry with a weakly interacting Bose–Einstein condensate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 080405 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ferlaino, F.

G. Roati, E. de Mirandes, F. Ferlaino, H. Ott, G. Modugno, and M. Inguscio, “Atom interferometry with trapped Fermi gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 230402 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geiger, R.

G. Stern, B. Battelier, R. Geiger, G. Varoquaux, A. Villing, F. Moron, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, W. Chaibi, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “Light-pulse atom interferometry in microgravity,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 353–357 (2009).
[Crossref]

Göklü, E.

T. Könemann, W. Brinkmann, E. Göklü, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. van Zoest, E. M. Rasel, W. Ertmer, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, A. Peters, A. Vogel, G. Johannsen, S. Wildfang, K. Bongs, K. Sengstock, E. Kajari, G. Nandi, R. Walser, and W. P. Schleich, “A freely falling magneto-optical trap drop tower experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 431–438(2007).
[Crossref]

Goldwin, J.

J. Goldwin, S. B. Papp, B. DeMarco, and D. S. Jin, “Two-species magneto-optical trap with K40 and Rb87,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 021402 (2002).
[Crossref]

Greiner, M.

M. Greiner, C. A. Regal, and D. S. Jin, “Emergence of a molecular Bose–Einstein condensate from a Fermi gas,” Nature 426, 537–540 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grosjean, O.

P. Laurent, M. Abgrall, C. Jentsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, I. Maksimovic, S. Bize, C. Salomon, D. Blonde, J. F. Vega, O. Grosjean, F. Picard, M. Saccoccio, M. Chaubet, N. Ladiette, L. Guillet, I. Zenone, C. Delaroche, and C. Sirmain, “Design of the cold atom PHARAO space clock and initial test results,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 683–690 (2006).
[Crossref]

Guillet, L.

P. Laurent, M. Abgrall, C. Jentsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, I. Maksimovic, S. Bize, C. Salomon, D. Blonde, J. F. Vega, O. Grosjean, F. Picard, M. Saccoccio, M. Chaubet, N. Ladiette, L. Guillet, I. Zenone, C. Delaroche, and C. Sirmain, “Design of the cold atom PHARAO space clock and initial test results,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 683–690 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hänsch, T. W.

Hong, F.-L.

Inguscio, M.

M. Fattori, C. D’Errico, G. Roati, M. Zaccanti, M. Jona-Lasinio, M. Modugno, M. Inguscio, and G. Modugno, “Atom interferometry with a weakly interacting Bose–Einstein condensate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 080405 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Roati, E. de Mirandes, F. Ferlaino, H. Ott, G. Modugno, and M. Inguscio, “Atom interferometry with trapped Fermi gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 230402 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jentsch, C.

P. Laurent, M. Abgrall, C. Jentsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, I. Maksimovic, S. Bize, C. Salomon, D. Blonde, J. F. Vega, O. Grosjean, F. Picard, M. Saccoccio, M. Chaubet, N. Ladiette, L. Guillet, I. Zenone, C. Delaroche, and C. Sirmain, “Design of the cold atom PHARAO space clock and initial test results,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 683–690 (2006).
[Crossref]

Jin, D. S.

M. Greiner, C. A. Regal, and D. S. Jin, “Emergence of a molecular Bose–Einstein condensate from a Fermi gas,” Nature 426, 537–540 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Goldwin, S. B. Papp, B. DeMarco, and D. S. Jin, “Two-species magneto-optical trap with K40 and Rb87,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 021402 (2002).
[Crossref]

B. DeMarco and D. S. Jin, “Onset of Fermi degeneracy in a trapped atomic gas,” Science 285, 1703–1706 (1999).
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Johannsen, G.

T. Könemann, W. Brinkmann, E. Göklü, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. van Zoest, E. M. Rasel, W. Ertmer, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, A. Peters, A. Vogel, G. Johannsen, S. Wildfang, K. Bongs, K. Sengstock, E. Kajari, G. Nandi, R. Walser, and W. P. Schleich, “A freely falling magneto-optical trap drop tower experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 431–438(2007).
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Jona-Lasinio, M.

M. Fattori, C. D’Errico, G. Roati, M. Zaccanti, M. Jona-Lasinio, M. Modugno, M. Inguscio, and G. Modugno, “Atom interferometry with a weakly interacting Bose–Einstein condensate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 080405 (2008).
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Kajari, E.

T. Könemann, W. Brinkmann, E. Göklü, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. van Zoest, E. M. Rasel, W. Ertmer, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, A. Peters, A. Vogel, G. Johannsen, S. Wildfang, K. Bongs, K. Sengstock, E. Kajari, G. Nandi, R. Walser, and W. P. Schleich, “A freely falling magneto-optical trap drop tower experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 431–438(2007).
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Könemann, T.

T. Könemann, W. Brinkmann, E. Göklü, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. van Zoest, E. M. Rasel, W. Ertmer, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, A. Peters, A. Vogel, G. Johannsen, S. Wildfang, K. Bongs, K. Sengstock, E. Kajari, G. Nandi, R. Walser, and W. P. Schleich, “A freely falling magneto-optical trap drop tower experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 431–438(2007).
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Ladiette, N.

P. Laurent, M. Abgrall, C. Jentsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, I. Maksimovic, S. Bize, C. Salomon, D. Blonde, J. F. Vega, O. Grosjean, F. Picard, M. Saccoccio, M. Chaubet, N. Ladiette, L. Guillet, I. Zenone, C. Delaroche, and C. Sirmain, “Design of the cold atom PHARAO space clock and initial test results,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 683–690 (2006).
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Lämmerzahl, C.

T. Könemann, W. Brinkmann, E. Göklü, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. van Zoest, E. M. Rasel, W. Ertmer, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, A. Peters, A. Vogel, G. Johannsen, S. Wildfang, K. Bongs, K. Sengstock, E. Kajari, G. Nandi, R. Walser, and W. P. Schleich, “A freely falling magneto-optical trap drop tower experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 431–438(2007).
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Landragin, A.

G. Stern, B. Battelier, R. Geiger, G. Varoquaux, A. Villing, F. Moron, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, W. Chaibi, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “Light-pulse atom interferometry in microgravity,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 353–357 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, F. Lienhart, D. Chambon, S. Boussen, J. -F. Clément, T. Müller, G. Santarelli, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Clairon, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “I.C.E.: a transportable atomic inertial sensor for test in microgravity,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 673–681 (2006).
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Laurent, P.

P. Laurent, M. Abgrall, C. Jentsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, I. Maksimovic, S. Bize, C. Salomon, D. Blonde, J. F. Vega, O. Grosjean, F. Picard, M. Saccoccio, M. Chaubet, N. Ladiette, L. Guillet, I. Zenone, C. Delaroche, and C. Sirmain, “Design of the cold atom PHARAO space clock and initial test results,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 683–690 (2006).
[Crossref]

Le Coq, Y.

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, B. Villier, D. Sacchet, F. Moron, Y. Le Coq, A. Aspect, and P. Bouyer, “Tapered-amplified antireflection-coated laser diodes for potassium and rubidium atomic-physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 033105(2006).
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Lemonde, P.

P. Laurent, M. Abgrall, C. Jentsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, I. Maksimovic, S. Bize, C. Salomon, D. Blonde, J. F. Vega, O. Grosjean, F. Picard, M. Saccoccio, M. Chaubet, N. Ladiette, L. Guillet, I. Zenone, C. Delaroche, and C. Sirmain, “Design of the cold atom PHARAO space clock and initial test results,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 683–690 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lewoczko-Adamczyk, W.

T. Könemann, W. Brinkmann, E. Göklü, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. van Zoest, E. M. Rasel, W. Ertmer, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, A. Peters, A. Vogel, G. Johannsen, S. Wildfang, K. Bongs, K. Sengstock, E. Kajari, G. Nandi, R. Walser, and W. P. Schleich, “A freely falling magneto-optical trap drop tower experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 431–438(2007).
[Crossref]

Lienhart, F.

F. Lienhart, S. Boussen, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, and A. Bresson, “Compact and robust laser system for rubidium laser cooling based on the frequency doubling of a fiber bench at 1560 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 177–180 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, F. Lienhart, D. Chambon, S. Boussen, J. -F. Clément, T. Müller, G. Santarelli, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Clairon, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “I.C.E.: a transportable atomic inertial sensor for test in microgravity,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 673–681 (2006).
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Lundblad, N.

Maksimovic, I.

P. Laurent, M. Abgrall, C. Jentsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, I. Maksimovic, S. Bize, C. Salomon, D. Blonde, J. F. Vega, O. Grosjean, F. Picard, M. Saccoccio, M. Chaubet, N. Ladiette, L. Guillet, I. Zenone, C. Delaroche, and C. Sirmain, “Design of the cold atom PHARAO space clock and initial test results,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 683–690 (2006).
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Maleki, L.

Modugno, G.

M. Fattori, C. D’Errico, G. Roati, M. Zaccanti, M. Jona-Lasinio, M. Modugno, M. Inguscio, and G. Modugno, “Atom interferometry with a weakly interacting Bose–Einstein condensate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 080405 (2008).
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G. Roati, E. de Mirandes, F. Ferlaino, H. Ott, G. Modugno, and M. Inguscio, “Atom interferometry with trapped Fermi gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 230402 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Modugno, M.

M. Fattori, C. D’Errico, G. Roati, M. Zaccanti, M. Jona-Lasinio, M. Modugno, M. Inguscio, and G. Modugno, “Atom interferometry with a weakly interacting Bose–Einstein condensate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 080405 (2008).
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Moron, F.

G. Stern, B. Battelier, R. Geiger, G. Varoquaux, A. Villing, F. Moron, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, W. Chaibi, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “Light-pulse atom interferometry in microgravity,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 353–357 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, B. Villier, D. Sacchet, F. Moron, Y. Le Coq, A. Aspect, and P. Bouyer, “Tapered-amplified antireflection-coated laser diodes for potassium and rubidium atomic-physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 033105(2006).
[Crossref]

Müller, T.

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, F. Lienhart, D. Chambon, S. Boussen, J. -F. Clément, T. Müller, G. Santarelli, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Clairon, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “I.C.E.: a transportable atomic inertial sensor for test in microgravity,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 673–681 (2006).
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Nandi, G.

T. Könemann, W. Brinkmann, E. Göklü, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. van Zoest, E. M. Rasel, W. Ertmer, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, A. Peters, A. Vogel, G. Johannsen, S. Wildfang, K. Bongs, K. Sengstock, E. Kajari, G. Nandi, R. Walser, and W. P. Schleich, “A freely falling magneto-optical trap drop tower experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 431–438(2007).
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Nishida, Y.

Nishikawa, T.

Nyman, R. A.

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, F. Lienhart, D. Chambon, S. Boussen, J. -F. Clément, T. Müller, G. Santarelli, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Clairon, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “I.C.E.: a transportable atomic inertial sensor for test in microgravity,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 673–681 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, B. Villier, D. Sacchet, F. Moron, Y. Le Coq, A. Aspect, and P. Bouyer, “Tapered-amplified antireflection-coated laser diodes for potassium and rubidium atomic-physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 033105(2006).
[Crossref]

Ott, H.

G. Roati, E. de Mirandes, F. Ferlaino, H. Ott, G. Modugno, and M. Inguscio, “Atom interferometry with trapped Fermi gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 230402 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ozawa, A.

Papp, S. B.

J. Goldwin, S. B. Papp, B. DeMarco, and D. S. Jin, “Two-species magneto-optical trap with K40 and Rb87,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 021402 (2002).
[Crossref]

Pereira Dos Santos, F.

G. Stern, B. Battelier, R. Geiger, G. Varoquaux, A. Villing, F. Moron, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, W. Chaibi, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “Light-pulse atom interferometry in microgravity,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 353–357 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, F. Lienhart, D. Chambon, S. Boussen, J. -F. Clément, T. Müller, G. Santarelli, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Clairon, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “I.C.E.: a transportable atomic inertial sensor for test in microgravity,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 673–681 (2006).
[Crossref]

Peters, A.

T. Könemann, W. Brinkmann, E. Göklü, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. van Zoest, E. M. Rasel, W. Ertmer, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, A. Peters, A. Vogel, G. Johannsen, S. Wildfang, K. Bongs, K. Sengstock, E. Kajari, G. Nandi, R. Walser, and W. P. Schleich, “A freely falling magneto-optical trap drop tower experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 431–438(2007).
[Crossref]

Picard, F.

P. Laurent, M. Abgrall, C. Jentsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, I. Maksimovic, S. Bize, C. Salomon, D. Blonde, J. F. Vega, O. Grosjean, F. Picard, M. Saccoccio, M. Chaubet, N. Ladiette, L. Guillet, I. Zenone, C. Delaroche, and C. Sirmain, “Design of the cold atom PHARAO space clock and initial test results,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 683–690 (2006).
[Crossref]

Rasel, E. M.

T. Könemann, W. Brinkmann, E. Göklü, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. van Zoest, E. M. Rasel, W. Ertmer, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, A. Peters, A. Vogel, G. Johannsen, S. Wildfang, K. Bongs, K. Sengstock, E. Kajari, G. Nandi, R. Walser, and W. P. Schleich, “A freely falling magneto-optical trap drop tower experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 431–438(2007).
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M. Greiner, C. A. Regal, and D. S. Jin, “Emergence of a molecular Bose–Einstein condensate from a Fermi gas,” Nature 426, 537–540 (2003).
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Roati, G.

M. Fattori, C. D’Errico, G. Roati, M. Zaccanti, M. Jona-Lasinio, M. Modugno, M. Inguscio, and G. Modugno, “Atom interferometry with a weakly interacting Bose–Einstein condensate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 080405 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Roati, E. de Mirandes, F. Ferlaino, H. Ott, G. Modugno, and M. Inguscio, “Atom interferometry with trapped Fermi gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 230402 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sacchet, D.

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, B. Villier, D. Sacchet, F. Moron, Y. Le Coq, A. Aspect, and P. Bouyer, “Tapered-amplified antireflection-coated laser diodes for potassium and rubidium atomic-physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 033105(2006).
[Crossref]

Saccoccio, M.

P. Laurent, M. Abgrall, C. Jentsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, I. Maksimovic, S. Bize, C. Salomon, D. Blonde, J. F. Vega, O. Grosjean, F. Picard, M. Saccoccio, M. Chaubet, N. Ladiette, L. Guillet, I. Zenone, C. Delaroche, and C. Sirmain, “Design of the cold atom PHARAO space clock and initial test results,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 683–690 (2006).
[Crossref]

Salomon, C.

P. Laurent, M. Abgrall, C. Jentsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, I. Maksimovic, S. Bize, C. Salomon, D. Blonde, J. F. Vega, O. Grosjean, F. Picard, M. Saccoccio, M. Chaubet, N. Ladiette, L. Guillet, I. Zenone, C. Delaroche, and C. Sirmain, “Design of the cold atom PHARAO space clock and initial test results,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 683–690 (2006).
[Crossref]

Santarelli, G.

P. Laurent, M. Abgrall, C. Jentsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, I. Maksimovic, S. Bize, C. Salomon, D. Blonde, J. F. Vega, O. Grosjean, F. Picard, M. Saccoccio, M. Chaubet, N. Ladiette, L. Guillet, I. Zenone, C. Delaroche, and C. Sirmain, “Design of the cold atom PHARAO space clock and initial test results,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 683–690 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, F. Lienhart, D. Chambon, S. Boussen, J. -F. Clément, T. Müller, G. Santarelli, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Clairon, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “I.C.E.: a transportable atomic inertial sensor for test in microgravity,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 673–681 (2006).
[Crossref]

Schiemangk, M.

T. Könemann, W. Brinkmann, E. Göklü, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. van Zoest, E. M. Rasel, W. Ertmer, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, A. Peters, A. Vogel, G. Johannsen, S. Wildfang, K. Bongs, K. Sengstock, E. Kajari, G. Nandi, R. Walser, and W. P. Schleich, “A freely falling magneto-optical trap drop tower experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 431–438(2007).
[Crossref]

Schleich, W. P.

T. Könemann, W. Brinkmann, E. Göklü, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. van Zoest, E. M. Rasel, W. Ertmer, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, A. Peters, A. Vogel, G. Johannsen, S. Wildfang, K. Bongs, K. Sengstock, E. Kajari, G. Nandi, R. Walser, and W. P. Schleich, “A freely falling magneto-optical trap drop tower experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 431–438(2007).
[Crossref]

Sengstock, K.

T. Könemann, W. Brinkmann, E. Göklü, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. van Zoest, E. M. Rasel, W. Ertmer, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, A. Peters, A. Vogel, G. Johannsen, S. Wildfang, K. Bongs, K. Sengstock, E. Kajari, G. Nandi, R. Walser, and W. P. Schleich, “A freely falling magneto-optical trap drop tower experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 431–438(2007).
[Crossref]

Sirmain, C.

P. Laurent, M. Abgrall, C. Jentsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, I. Maksimovic, S. Bize, C. Salomon, D. Blonde, J. F. Vega, O. Grosjean, F. Picard, M. Saccoccio, M. Chaubet, N. Ladiette, L. Guillet, I. Zenone, C. Delaroche, and C. Sirmain, “Design of the cold atom PHARAO space clock and initial test results,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 683–690 (2006).
[Crossref]

Stern, G.

G. Stern, B. Battelier, R. Geiger, G. Varoquaux, A. Villing, F. Moron, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, W. Chaibi, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “Light-pulse atom interferometry in microgravity,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 353–357 (2009).
[Crossref]

Thompson, R. J.

Tu, M.

van Zoest, T.

T. Könemann, W. Brinkmann, E. Göklü, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. van Zoest, E. M. Rasel, W. Ertmer, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, A. Peters, A. Vogel, G. Johannsen, S. Wildfang, K. Bongs, K. Sengstock, E. Kajari, G. Nandi, R. Walser, and W. P. Schleich, “A freely falling magneto-optical trap drop tower experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 431–438(2007).
[Crossref]

Varoquaux, G.

G. Stern, B. Battelier, R. Geiger, G. Varoquaux, A. Villing, F. Moron, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, W. Chaibi, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “Light-pulse atom interferometry in microgravity,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 353–357 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, F. Lienhart, D. Chambon, S. Boussen, J. -F. Clément, T. Müller, G. Santarelli, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Clairon, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “I.C.E.: a transportable atomic inertial sensor for test in microgravity,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 673–681 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, B. Villier, D. Sacchet, F. Moron, Y. Le Coq, A. Aspect, and P. Bouyer, “Tapered-amplified antireflection-coated laser diodes for potassium and rubidium atomic-physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 033105(2006).
[Crossref]

Vega, J. F.

P. Laurent, M. Abgrall, C. Jentsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, I. Maksimovic, S. Bize, C. Salomon, D. Blonde, J. F. Vega, O. Grosjean, F. Picard, M. Saccoccio, M. Chaubet, N. Ladiette, L. Guillet, I. Zenone, C. Delaroche, and C. Sirmain, “Design of the cold atom PHARAO space clock and initial test results,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 683–690 (2006).
[Crossref]

Villier, B.

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, B. Villier, D. Sacchet, F. Moron, Y. Le Coq, A. Aspect, and P. Bouyer, “Tapered-amplified antireflection-coated laser diodes for potassium and rubidium atomic-physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 033105(2006).
[Crossref]

Villing, A.

G. Stern, B. Battelier, R. Geiger, G. Varoquaux, A. Villing, F. Moron, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, W. Chaibi, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “Light-pulse atom interferometry in microgravity,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 353–357 (2009).
[Crossref]

Vogel, A.

T. Könemann, W. Brinkmann, E. Göklü, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. van Zoest, E. M. Rasel, W. Ertmer, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, A. Peters, A. Vogel, G. Johannsen, S. Wildfang, K. Bongs, K. Sengstock, E. Kajari, G. Nandi, R. Walser, and W. P. Schleich, “A freely falling magneto-optical trap drop tower experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 431–438(2007).
[Crossref]

Walser, R.

T. Könemann, W. Brinkmann, E. Göklü, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. van Zoest, E. M. Rasel, W. Ertmer, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, A. Peters, A. Vogel, G. Johannsen, S. Wildfang, K. Bongs, K. Sengstock, E. Kajari, G. Nandi, R. Walser, and W. P. Schleich, “A freely falling magneto-optical trap drop tower experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 431–438(2007).
[Crossref]

Wildfang, S.

T. Könemann, W. Brinkmann, E. Göklü, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. van Zoest, E. M. Rasel, W. Ertmer, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, A. Peters, A. Vogel, G. Johannsen, S. Wildfang, K. Bongs, K. Sengstock, E. Kajari, G. Nandi, R. Walser, and W. P. Schleich, “A freely falling magneto-optical trap drop tower experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 431–438(2007).
[Crossref]

Zaccanti, M.

M. Fattori, C. D’Errico, G. Roati, M. Zaccanti, M. Jona-Lasinio, M. Modugno, M. Inguscio, and G. Modugno, “Atom interferometry with a weakly interacting Bose–Einstein condensate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 080405 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zahzam, N.

G. Stern, B. Battelier, R. Geiger, G. Varoquaux, A. Villing, F. Moron, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, W. Chaibi, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “Light-pulse atom interferometry in microgravity,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 353–357 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Lienhart, S. Boussen, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, and A. Bresson, “Compact and robust laser system for rubidium laser cooling based on the frequency doubling of a fiber bench at 1560 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 177–180 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zenone, I.

P. Laurent, M. Abgrall, C. Jentsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, I. Maksimovic, S. Bize, C. Salomon, D. Blonde, J. F. Vega, O. Grosjean, F. Picard, M. Saccoccio, M. Chaubet, N. Ladiette, L. Guillet, I. Zenone, C. Delaroche, and C. Sirmain, “Design of the cold atom PHARAO space clock and initial test results,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 683–690 (2006).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (4)

F. Lienhart, S. Boussen, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, and A. Bresson, “Compact and robust laser system for rubidium laser cooling based on the frequency doubling of a fiber bench at 1560 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 177–180 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Könemann, W. Brinkmann, E. Göklü, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. van Zoest, E. M. Rasel, W. Ertmer, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, A. Peters, A. Vogel, G. Johannsen, S. Wildfang, K. Bongs, K. Sengstock, E. Kajari, G. Nandi, R. Walser, and W. P. Schleich, “A freely falling magneto-optical trap drop tower experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 431–438(2007).
[Crossref]

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Opt. Express (2)

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Other (4)

A semiconductor optical amplifier would be more compact than an EDFA and requires slightly less input power, but the available output powers are still too low in comparison with the EDFA.

For K41, the hyperfine splitting of the ground state is 254 MHz, and current modulation is still possible. For K40, the hyperfine splitting is 1.28 GHz, larger than the bandwidth of the modulation bias tee. However, we were able to generate two sidebands at ±642 MHz, with a modulation amplitude high enough to extinguish the carrier wave. Higher-order sidebands are still generated, which result in power losses.

For Rb85 or Rb87, the hyperfine splitting is of the order of a few gigahertz, larger than the bandwidth of the modulation bias tee. A phase modulator must be used to generate sidebands instead of current modulation.

Institut Francilien de Recherche en Atomes Froids: http://213.251.135.217/ifraf/.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scheme of the optical setup. A fiber distributed feedback 1534 nm laser diode is current modulated at 462 MHz and amplified in an EDFA. After frequency doubling in an input-pigtailed waveguide [periodically poled MgO:SLN waveguide (PP-MgO:SLN WG)], the beam is amplified through a tapered amplifier (TA). Although most of the light is sent to the science cell through an optical fiber to produce the MOT, a small fraction is used to lock the diode with a saturated absorption setup. The magnet is optional and can improve the saturated absorption signal in the presence of the sidebands (see text).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Saturated absorption signal (a) without current modulation and (b) with current modulation. In the second case, the error signal amplitude becomes smaller at the crossover frequency. New dips appear due to the modulation, 462 MHz shifted from the initial ones. The addition of a magnetic field to the absorption cell can increase the amplitude of the error signal.

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