Abstract

Spectral performance of an airborne dispersive pushbroom imaging spectrometer cannot be assumed to be stable over a whole flight season given the environmental stresses present during flight. Spectral performance monitoring during flight is commonly accomplished by looking at selected absorption features present in the Sun, atmosphere, or ground, and their stability. The assessment of instrument performance in two different environments, e.g., laboratory and airborne, using precisely the same calibration reference, has not been possible so far. The Airborne Prism Experiment (APEX), an airborne dispersive pushbroom imaging spectrometer, uses an onboard in-flight characterization (IFC) facility, which makes it possible to monitor the sensor’s performance in terms of spectral, radiometric, and geometric stability in flight and in the laboratory. We discuss in detail a new method for the monitoring of spectral instrument performance. The method relies on the monitoring of spectral shifts by comparing instrument-induced movements of absorption features on ground and in flight. Absorption lines originate from spectral filters, which intercept the full field of view (FOV) illuminated using an internal light source. A feature-fitting algorithm is used for the shift estimation based on Pearson’s correlation co efficient. Environmental parameter monitoring, coregistered on board with the image and calibration data, revealed that differential pressure and temperature in the baffle compartment are the main driving parameters explaining the trend in spectral performance deviations in the time and the space (across-track) domains, respectively. The results presented in this paper show that the system in its current setup needs further improvements to reach a stable performance. Findings provided useful guidelines for the instrument revision currently under way. The main aim of the revision is the stabilization of the instrument for a range of temperature and pressure conditions to be encountered during operation.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  31. B. C. Gao, M. Montes, and C. Davis, “Refinement of wavelength calibrations of hyperspectral imaging data using a spectrum-matching technique,” Remote Sens. Environ. 90, 424–433 (2004).
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2009

M. E. Schaepman, S. L. Ustin, A. J. Plaza, T. H. Painter, J. Verrelst, and S. Liang, “Earth system science related imaging spectroscopy-an assessment,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113, S123–S137 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Gege, J. Fries, P. Haschberger, P. Schötz, H. Schwarzer, P. Strobl, B. Suhr, G. Ulbrich, and W. J. Vreeling, “Calibration facility for airborne imaging spectrometers,” ISPRS J. Photogramm. Remote Sens. 64, 387–397 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Guanter, K. Segl, B. Sang, L. Alonso, H. Kaufmann, and J. Moreno, “Scene-based spectral calibration assessment of high spectral resolution imaging spectrometers,” Opt. Express 17, 11594–11606 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

J. Nieke, D. Schlaepfer, F. Dell’Endice, J. Brazile, and K. I. Itten, “Uniformity of imaging spectrometry data products,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 46, 3326–3336(2008).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Neville, L. Sun, and K. Staenz, “Spectral calibration of imaging spectrometers by atmospheric absorption feature matching,” Can. J. Remote Sens. Suppl. 1 34, S29–S42 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Itten, F. Dell Endice, A. Hueni, M. Kneubuehler, D. Schlaepfer, D. Odermatt, F. Seidel, S. Huber, J. Schopfer, T. Kellenberger, Y. Buehler, P. D’Odorico, J. Nieke, E. Alberti, and K. Meuleman, “APEX—the hyperspectral ESA airborne prism experiment,” Sensors 8, 6235–6259 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

S. Delwart, R. Preusker, L. Bourg, R. Santer, D. Ramon, and J. Fischer, “MERIS in-flight spectral calibration,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 28, 479–496 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Schlaepfer, J. Nieke, and K. I. Itten, “Spatial PSF nonuniformity effects in airborne pushbroom imaging spectrometry data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 45, 458–468 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Schläpfer, J. Nieke, and K. I. Itten, “Spatial PSF nonuniformity effects in airborne pushbroom imaging spectrometry data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 45, 458–468(2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Guanter, V. Estellès, and J. Moreno, “Spectral calibration and atmospheric correction of ultra-fine spectral and spatial resolution remote sensing data. Application to CASI-1500 data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 109, 54–65 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Dell’Endice, J. Nieke, D. Schlaepfer, and K. I. Itten, “Scene-based method for spatial misregistration detection in hyperspectral imagery,” Appl. Opt. 46, 2803–2816 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

2004

B. C. Gao, M. Montes, and C. Davis, “Refinement of wavelength calibrations of hyperspectral imaging data using a spectrum-matching technique,” Remote Sens. Environ. 90, 424–433 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

N. Fox, J. Aiken, J. J. Barnett, X. Briottet, R. Carvell, C. Frohlich, S. B. Groom, O. Hagolle, J. D. Haigh, H. H. Kieffer, J. Lean, D. B. Pollock, T. Quinn, M. C. W. Sandford, M. Schaepman, K. P. Shine, W. K. Schmutz, P. M. Teillet, K. J. Thome, M. M. Verstraete, and E. Zalewski, “Traceable radiometry underpinning terrestrial- and helio-studies (TRUTHS),” Adv. Space Res. 32, 2253–2261 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

P. S. Barry, J. Shepanski, and C. Segal, “Hyperion on-orbit validation of spectral calibration using atmospheric lines and an on-board system,” Proc. SPIE 4480, 231–235 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Schläpfer and M. Schaepman, “Modelling the noise equivalent radiance requirements of imaging spectrometers based on scientific applications,” Appl. Opt. 41, 5691–5701 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

P. Chorier and P. Tribolet, “High performance HgCdTe SWIR detectors for hyperspectral instruments,” Proc. SPIE 4540, 328–341 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, J. M. Palmer, and K. J. Thome, “Unified approach to absolute radiometric calibration in the solar-reflective range,” Remote Sens. Environ. 77, 293–303 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

H. Montgomery, N. Che, K. Parker, and J. Bowser, “The algorithm for MODIS wavelength on-orbit calibration using the SRCA,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 38, 877–884(2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhu and L. M. Hanssen, “Comparison and development of absorption peak determination algorithms for wavelength standards,” Proc. SPIE 4103, 62–68 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Mouroulis, R. Green, and T. Chrien, “Design of pushbroom imaging spectrometer for optimum recovery of spectroscopic and spatial information,” Appl. Opt. 39, 2210–2220 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Schaepman and S. Dangel, “Solid laboratory calibration of a nonimaging spectroradiometer,” Appl. Opt. 39, 3754–3764 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

C. Zhu and L. M. Hanssen, “Absorption-line evaluation methods for wavelength standards,” Proc. SPIE 3425, 111–118(1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Green, “Spectral calibration requirements for Earth-looking imaging spectrometers in the solar-reflected spectrum,” Appl. Opt. 37, 683–690 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Green, M. Eastwood, C. Sarture, T. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. Chippendale, J. Faust, B. Pavri, C. Chovit, M. Solis, M. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1983

G. Vane, A. F. H. Goetz, and J. B. Wellman, “Airborne imaging spectrometer: a new tool for remote sensing,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. GE-22, 546–549 (1983).

Aiken, J.

N. Fox, J. Aiken, J. J. Barnett, X. Briottet, R. Carvell, C. Frohlich, S. B. Groom, O. Hagolle, J. D. Haigh, H. H. Kieffer, J. Lean, D. B. Pollock, T. Quinn, M. C. W. Sandford, M. Schaepman, K. P. Shine, W. K. Schmutz, P. M. Teillet, K. J. Thome, M. M. Verstraete, and E. Zalewski, “Traceable radiometry underpinning terrestrial- and helio-studies (TRUTHS),” Adv. Space Res. 32, 2253–2261 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Alberti, E.

K. Itten, F. Dell Endice, A. Hueni, M. Kneubuehler, D. Schlaepfer, D. Odermatt, F. Seidel, S. Huber, J. Schopfer, T. Kellenberger, Y. Buehler, P. D’Odorico, J. Nieke, E. Alberti, and K. Meuleman, “APEX—the hyperspectral ESA airborne prism experiment,” Sensors 8, 6235–6259 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. D’Odorico, E. Alberti, F. Dell’Endice, A. Hüni, and K. Itten, “An algorithm for tracking APEX spectral stability by means of the in-flight characterizarion facility (IFC),” in Proceedings of the 6th EARSeL Workshop on Imaging Spectroscopy(EARSeL, 2009), p. 5.

P. D’Odorico, E. Alberti, F. Dell’Endice, A. Hüni, and M. Schaepman, “Spectral stability monitoring of an imaging spectrometer by means of onboard sources.,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IEEE, 2009), I-72–I-75.
[CrossRef]

Alonso, L.

Aronsson, M.

R. Green, M. Eastwood, C. Sarture, T. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. Chippendale, J. Faust, B. Pavri, C. Chovit, M. Solis, M. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Barnett, J. J.

N. Fox, J. Aiken, J. J. Barnett, X. Briottet, R. Carvell, C. Frohlich, S. B. Groom, O. Hagolle, J. D. Haigh, H. H. Kieffer, J. Lean, D. B. Pollock, T. Quinn, M. C. W. Sandford, M. Schaepman, K. P. Shine, W. K. Schmutz, P. M. Teillet, K. J. Thome, M. M. Verstraete, and E. Zalewski, “Traceable radiometry underpinning terrestrial- and helio-studies (TRUTHS),” Adv. Space Res. 32, 2253–2261 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Barry, P. S.

P. S. Barry, J. Shepanski, and C. Segal, “Hyperion on-orbit validation of spectral calibration using atmospheric lines and an on-board system,” Proc. SPIE 4480, 231–235 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Biggar, S. F.

P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, J. M. Palmer, and K. J. Thome, “Unified approach to absolute radiometric calibration in the solar-reflective range,” Remote Sens. Environ. 77, 293–303 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bourg, L.

S. Delwart, R. Preusker, L. Bourg, R. Santer, D. Ramon, and J. Fischer, “MERIS in-flight spectral calibration,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 28, 479–496 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bowser, J.

H. Montgomery, N. Che, K. Parker, and J. Bowser, “The algorithm for MODIS wavelength on-orbit calibration using the SRCA,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 38, 877–884(2000).
[CrossRef]

Brazile, J.

J. Nieke, D. Schlaepfer, F. Dell’Endice, J. Brazile, and K. I. Itten, “Uniformity of imaging spectrometry data products,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 46, 3326–3336(2008).
[CrossRef]

Briottet, X.

N. Fox, J. Aiken, J. J. Barnett, X. Briottet, R. Carvell, C. Frohlich, S. B. Groom, O. Hagolle, J. D. Haigh, H. H. Kieffer, J. Lean, D. B. Pollock, T. Quinn, M. C. W. Sandford, M. Schaepman, K. P. Shine, W. K. Schmutz, P. M. Teillet, K. J. Thome, M. M. Verstraete, and E. Zalewski, “Traceable radiometry underpinning terrestrial- and helio-studies (TRUTHS),” Adv. Space Res. 32, 2253–2261 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Buehler, Y.

K. Itten, F. Dell Endice, A. Hueni, M. Kneubuehler, D. Schlaepfer, D. Odermatt, F. Seidel, S. Huber, J. Schopfer, T. Kellenberger, Y. Buehler, P. D’Odorico, J. Nieke, E. Alberti, and K. Meuleman, “APEX—the hyperspectral ESA airborne prism experiment,” Sensors 8, 6235–6259 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Carvell, R.

N. Fox, J. Aiken, J. J. Barnett, X. Briottet, R. Carvell, C. Frohlich, S. B. Groom, O. Hagolle, J. D. Haigh, H. H. Kieffer, J. Lean, D. B. Pollock, T. Quinn, M. C. W. Sandford, M. Schaepman, K. P. Shine, W. K. Schmutz, P. M. Teillet, K. J. Thome, M. M. Verstraete, and E. Zalewski, “Traceable radiometry underpinning terrestrial- and helio-studies (TRUTHS),” Adv. Space Res. 32, 2253–2261 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Che, N.

H. Montgomery, N. Che, K. Parker, and J. Bowser, “The algorithm for MODIS wavelength on-orbit calibration using the SRCA,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 38, 877–884(2000).
[CrossRef]

Chippendale, B.

R. Green, M. Eastwood, C. Sarture, T. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. Chippendale, J. Faust, B. Pavri, C. Chovit, M. Solis, M. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chorier, P.

P. Chorier and P. Tribolet, “High performance HgCdTe SWIR detectors for hyperspectral instruments,” Proc. SPIE 4540, 328–341 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chovit, C.

R. Green, M. Eastwood, C. Sarture, T. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. Chippendale, J. Faust, B. Pavri, C. Chovit, M. Solis, M. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Chrien, M. Eastwood, R. Green, C. Sarture, H. Johnson, C. Chovit, and P. Hajek, “airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS) onboard calibration system,” in Summaries of the Fifth Annual JPL Airborne Earth Science Workshop (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1995), pp. 31–32.

Chrien, T.

P. Mouroulis, R. Green, and T. Chrien, “Design of pushbroom imaging spectrometer for optimum recovery of spectroscopic and spatial information,” Appl. Opt. 39, 2210–2220 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Green, M. Eastwood, C. Sarture, T. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. Chippendale, J. Faust, B. Pavri, C. Chovit, M. Solis, M. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Chrien, M. Eastwood, R. Green, C. Sarture, H. Johnson, C. Chovit, and P. Hajek, “airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS) onboard calibration system,” in Summaries of the Fifth Annual JPL Airborne Earth Science Workshop (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1995), pp. 31–32.

D’Odorico, P.

K. Itten, F. Dell Endice, A. Hueni, M. Kneubuehler, D. Schlaepfer, D. Odermatt, F. Seidel, S. Huber, J. Schopfer, T. Kellenberger, Y. Buehler, P. D’Odorico, J. Nieke, E. Alberti, and K. Meuleman, “APEX—the hyperspectral ESA airborne prism experiment,” Sensors 8, 6235–6259 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. D’Odorico, E. Alberti, F. Dell’Endice, A. Hüni, and K. Itten, “An algorithm for tracking APEX spectral stability by means of the in-flight characterizarion facility (IFC),” in Proceedings of the 6th EARSeL Workshop on Imaging Spectroscopy(EARSeL, 2009), p. 5.

P. D’Odorico, E. Alberti, F. Dell’Endice, A. Hüni, and M. Schaepman, “Spectral stability monitoring of an imaging spectrometer by means of onboard sources.,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IEEE, 2009), I-72–I-75.
[CrossRef]

Dangel, S.

Davis, C.

B. C. Gao, M. Montes, and C. Davis, “Refinement of wavelength calibrations of hyperspectral imaging data using a spectrum-matching technique,” Remote Sens. Environ. 90, 424–433 (2004).
[CrossRef]

De Vos, L.

K. I. Itten, M. Schaepman, L. De Vos, L. Hermans, H. Schlaepfer, and F. Droz, “APEX—airborne PRISM experiment: a new concept for an airborne imaging spectrometer,” in Proceedings of the Third International Airborne Remote Sensing Conference and Exhibition (Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, 1997), pp. 181–188.

Dell’Endice, F.

J. Nieke, D. Schlaepfer, F. Dell’Endice, J. Brazile, and K. I. Itten, “Uniformity of imaging spectrometry data products,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 46, 3326–3336(2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Dell’Endice, J. Nieke, D. Schlaepfer, and K. I. Itten, “Scene-based method for spatial misregistration detection in hyperspectral imagery,” Appl. Opt. 46, 2803–2816 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. D’Odorico, E. Alberti, F. Dell’Endice, A. Hüni, and K. Itten, “An algorithm for tracking APEX spectral stability by means of the in-flight characterizarion facility (IFC),” in Proceedings of the 6th EARSeL Workshop on Imaging Spectroscopy(EARSeL, 2009), p. 5.

P. D’Odorico, E. Alberti, F. Dell’Endice, A. Hüni, and M. Schaepman, “Spectral stability monitoring of an imaging spectrometer by means of onboard sources.,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IEEE, 2009), I-72–I-75.
[CrossRef]

Delwart, S.

S. Delwart, R. Preusker, L. Bourg, R. Santer, D. Ramon, and J. Fischer, “MERIS in-flight spectral calibration,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 28, 479–496 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Droz, F.

K. I. Itten, M. Schaepman, L. De Vos, L. Hermans, H. Schlaepfer, and F. Droz, “APEX—airborne PRISM experiment: a new concept for an airborne imaging spectrometer,” in Proceedings of the Third International Airborne Remote Sensing Conference and Exhibition (Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, 1997), pp. 181–188.

Eastwood, M.

R. Green, M. Eastwood, C. Sarture, T. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. Chippendale, J. Faust, B. Pavri, C. Chovit, M. Solis, M. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Chrien, M. Eastwood, R. Green, C. Sarture, H. Johnson, C. Chovit, and P. Hajek, “airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS) onboard calibration system,” in Summaries of the Fifth Annual JPL Airborne Earth Science Workshop (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1995), pp. 31–32.

Endice, F. Dell

K. Itten, F. Dell Endice, A. Hueni, M. Kneubuehler, D. Schlaepfer, D. Odermatt, F. Seidel, S. Huber, J. Schopfer, T. Kellenberger, Y. Buehler, P. D’Odorico, J. Nieke, E. Alberti, and K. Meuleman, “APEX—the hyperspectral ESA airborne prism experiment,” Sensors 8, 6235–6259 (2008).
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L. Guanter, V. Estellès, and J. Moreno, “Spectral calibration and atmospheric correction of ultra-fine spectral and spatial resolution remote sensing data. Application to CASI-1500 data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 109, 54–65 (2007).
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R. Green, M. Eastwood, C. Sarture, T. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. Chippendale, J. Faust, B. Pavri, C. Chovit, M. Solis, M. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
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S. Delwart, R. Preusker, L. Bourg, R. Santer, D. Ramon, and J. Fischer, “MERIS in-flight spectral calibration,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 28, 479–496 (2007).
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N. Fox, J. Aiken, J. J. Barnett, X. Briottet, R. Carvell, C. Frohlich, S. B. Groom, O. Hagolle, J. D. Haigh, H. H. Kieffer, J. Lean, D. B. Pollock, T. Quinn, M. C. W. Sandford, M. Schaepman, K. P. Shine, W. K. Schmutz, P. M. Teillet, K. J. Thome, M. M. Verstraete, and E. Zalewski, “Traceable radiometry underpinning terrestrial- and helio-studies (TRUTHS),” Adv. Space Res. 32, 2253–2261 (2003).
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P. Gege, J. Fries, P. Haschberger, P. Schötz, H. Schwarzer, P. Strobl, B. Suhr, G. Ulbrich, and W. J. Vreeling, “Calibration facility for airborne imaging spectrometers,” ISPRS J. Photogramm. Remote Sens. 64, 387–397 (2009).
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N. Fox, J. Aiken, J. J. Barnett, X. Briottet, R. Carvell, C. Frohlich, S. B. Groom, O. Hagolle, J. D. Haigh, H. H. Kieffer, J. Lean, D. B. Pollock, T. Quinn, M. C. W. Sandford, M. Schaepman, K. P. Shine, W. K. Schmutz, P. M. Teillet, K. J. Thome, M. M. Verstraete, and E. Zalewski, “Traceable radiometry underpinning terrestrial- and helio-studies (TRUTHS),” Adv. Space Res. 32, 2253–2261 (2003).
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B. C. Gao, M. Montes, and C. Davis, “Refinement of wavelength calibrations of hyperspectral imaging data using a spectrum-matching technique,” Remote Sens. Environ. 90, 424–433 (2004).
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P. Gege, J. Fries, P. Haschberger, P. Schötz, H. Schwarzer, P. Strobl, B. Suhr, G. Ulbrich, and W. J. Vreeling, “Calibration facility for airborne imaging spectrometers,” ISPRS J. Photogramm. Remote Sens. 64, 387–397 (2009).
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P. S. S. Thiemann, P. Gege, N. Stahl, W. Mooshuber, and H. van der Piepen, “Das abbildende spektrometer ROSIS,” in Publikationen der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Photogrammetrie und Fernerkundung, E.Seyfert, ed. (DLR, 2001), pp. 147–153.

Goetz, A. F. H.

G. Vane, A. F. H. Goetz, and J. B. Wellman, “Airborne imaging spectrometer: a new tool for remote sensing,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. GE-22, 546–549 (1983).

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P. Mouroulis, R. Green, and T. Chrien, “Design of pushbroom imaging spectrometer for optimum recovery of spectroscopic and spatial information,” Appl. Opt. 39, 2210–2220 (2000).
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R. Green, M. Eastwood, C. Sarture, T. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. Chippendale, J. Faust, B. Pavri, C. Chovit, M. Solis, M. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
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R. Green, “Spectral calibration requirements for Earth-looking imaging spectrometers in the solar-reflected spectrum,” Appl. Opt. 37, 683–690 (1998).
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R. Green and B. Pavri, “AVIRIS inflight calibration experiment measurements, analysis and results in 2000,” in Proceedings of the Tenth JPL Airborne Earth Science Workshop (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 2001), pp. 205–219.

T. Chrien, M. Eastwood, R. Green, C. Sarture, H. Johnson, C. Chovit, and P. Hajek, “airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS) onboard calibration system,” in Summaries of the Fifth Annual JPL Airborne Earth Science Workshop (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1995), pp. 31–32.

Groom, S. B.

N. Fox, J. Aiken, J. J. Barnett, X. Briottet, R. Carvell, C. Frohlich, S. B. Groom, O. Hagolle, J. D. Haigh, H. H. Kieffer, J. Lean, D. B. Pollock, T. Quinn, M. C. W. Sandford, M. Schaepman, K. P. Shine, W. K. Schmutz, P. M. Teillet, K. J. Thome, M. M. Verstraete, and E. Zalewski, “Traceable radiometry underpinning terrestrial- and helio-studies (TRUTHS),” Adv. Space Res. 32, 2253–2261 (2003).
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Guanter, L.

Hagolle, O.

N. Fox, J. Aiken, J. J. Barnett, X. Briottet, R. Carvell, C. Frohlich, S. B. Groom, O. Hagolle, J. D. Haigh, H. H. Kieffer, J. Lean, D. B. Pollock, T. Quinn, M. C. W. Sandford, M. Schaepman, K. P. Shine, W. K. Schmutz, P. M. Teillet, K. J. Thome, M. M. Verstraete, and E. Zalewski, “Traceable radiometry underpinning terrestrial- and helio-studies (TRUTHS),” Adv. Space Res. 32, 2253–2261 (2003).
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Haigh, J. D.

N. Fox, J. Aiken, J. J. Barnett, X. Briottet, R. Carvell, C. Frohlich, S. B. Groom, O. Hagolle, J. D. Haigh, H. H. Kieffer, J. Lean, D. B. Pollock, T. Quinn, M. C. W. Sandford, M. Schaepman, K. P. Shine, W. K. Schmutz, P. M. Teillet, K. J. Thome, M. M. Verstraete, and E. Zalewski, “Traceable radiometry underpinning terrestrial- and helio-studies (TRUTHS),” Adv. Space Res. 32, 2253–2261 (2003).
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Hajek, P.

T. Chrien, M. Eastwood, R. Green, C. Sarture, H. Johnson, C. Chovit, and P. Hajek, “airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS) onboard calibration system,” in Summaries of the Fifth Annual JPL Airborne Earth Science Workshop (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1995), pp. 31–32.

Hanssen, L. M.

C. Zhu and L. M. Hanssen, “Comparison and development of absorption peak determination algorithms for wavelength standards,” Proc. SPIE 4103, 62–68 (2000).
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C. Zhu and L. M. Hanssen, “Absorption-line evaluation methods for wavelength standards,” Proc. SPIE 3425, 111–118(1998).
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Haschberger, P.

P. Gege, J. Fries, P. Haschberger, P. Schötz, H. Schwarzer, P. Strobl, B. Suhr, G. Ulbrich, and W. J. Vreeling, “Calibration facility for airborne imaging spectrometers,” ISPRS J. Photogramm. Remote Sens. 64, 387–397 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hermans, L.

K. I. Itten, M. Schaepman, L. De Vos, L. Hermans, H. Schlaepfer, and F. Droz, “APEX—airborne PRISM experiment: a new concept for an airborne imaging spectrometer,” in Proceedings of the Third International Airborne Remote Sensing Conference and Exhibition (Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, 1997), pp. 181–188.

Huber, S.

K. Itten, F. Dell Endice, A. Hueni, M. Kneubuehler, D. Schlaepfer, D. Odermatt, F. Seidel, S. Huber, J. Schopfer, T. Kellenberger, Y. Buehler, P. D’Odorico, J. Nieke, E. Alberti, and K. Meuleman, “APEX—the hyperspectral ESA airborne prism experiment,” Sensors 8, 6235–6259 (2008).
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Hueni, A.

K. Itten, F. Dell Endice, A. Hueni, M. Kneubuehler, D. Schlaepfer, D. Odermatt, F. Seidel, S. Huber, J. Schopfer, T. Kellenberger, Y. Buehler, P. D’Odorico, J. Nieke, E. Alberti, and K. Meuleman, “APEX—the hyperspectral ESA airborne prism experiment,” Sensors 8, 6235–6259 (2008).
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Hüni, A.

P. D’Odorico, E. Alberti, F. Dell’Endice, A. Hüni, and K. Itten, “An algorithm for tracking APEX spectral stability by means of the in-flight characterizarion facility (IFC),” in Proceedings of the 6th EARSeL Workshop on Imaging Spectroscopy(EARSeL, 2009), p. 5.

P. D’Odorico, E. Alberti, F. Dell’Endice, A. Hüni, and M. Schaepman, “Spectral stability monitoring of an imaging spectrometer by means of onboard sources.,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IEEE, 2009), I-72–I-75.
[CrossRef]

Itten, K.

K. Itten, F. Dell Endice, A. Hueni, M. Kneubuehler, D. Schlaepfer, D. Odermatt, F. Seidel, S. Huber, J. Schopfer, T. Kellenberger, Y. Buehler, P. D’Odorico, J. Nieke, E. Alberti, and K. Meuleman, “APEX—the hyperspectral ESA airborne prism experiment,” Sensors 8, 6235–6259 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. D’Odorico, E. Alberti, F. Dell’Endice, A. Hüni, and K. Itten, “An algorithm for tracking APEX spectral stability by means of the in-flight characterizarion facility (IFC),” in Proceedings of the 6th EARSeL Workshop on Imaging Spectroscopy(EARSeL, 2009), p. 5.

Itten, K. I.

J. Nieke, D. Schlaepfer, F. Dell’Endice, J. Brazile, and K. I. Itten, “Uniformity of imaging spectrometry data products,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 46, 3326–3336(2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Dell’Endice, J. Nieke, D. Schlaepfer, and K. I. Itten, “Scene-based method for spatial misregistration detection in hyperspectral imagery,” Appl. Opt. 46, 2803–2816 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schläpfer, J. Nieke, and K. I. Itten, “Spatial PSF nonuniformity effects in airborne pushbroom imaging spectrometry data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 45, 458–468(2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Schlaepfer, J. Nieke, and K. I. Itten, “Spatial PSF nonuniformity effects in airborne pushbroom imaging spectrometry data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 45, 458–468 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. I. Itten, M. Schaepman, L. De Vos, L. Hermans, H. Schlaepfer, and F. Droz, “APEX—airborne PRISM experiment: a new concept for an airborne imaging spectrometer,” in Proceedings of the Third International Airborne Remote Sensing Conference and Exhibition (Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, 1997), pp. 181–188.

Johnson, H.

T. Chrien, M. Eastwood, R. Green, C. Sarture, H. Johnson, C. Chovit, and P. Hajek, “airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS) onboard calibration system,” in Summaries of the Fifth Annual JPL Airborne Earth Science Workshop (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1995), pp. 31–32.

Kaufmann, H.

Kellenberger, T.

K. Itten, F. Dell Endice, A. Hueni, M. Kneubuehler, D. Schlaepfer, D. Odermatt, F. Seidel, S. Huber, J. Schopfer, T. Kellenberger, Y. Buehler, P. D’Odorico, J. Nieke, E. Alberti, and K. Meuleman, “APEX—the hyperspectral ESA airborne prism experiment,” Sensors 8, 6235–6259 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kieffer, H. H.

N. Fox, J. Aiken, J. J. Barnett, X. Briottet, R. Carvell, C. Frohlich, S. B. Groom, O. Hagolle, J. D. Haigh, H. H. Kieffer, J. Lean, D. B. Pollock, T. Quinn, M. C. W. Sandford, M. Schaepman, K. P. Shine, W. K. Schmutz, P. M. Teillet, K. J. Thome, M. M. Verstraete, and E. Zalewski, “Traceable radiometry underpinning terrestrial- and helio-studies (TRUTHS),” Adv. Space Res. 32, 2253–2261 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kneubuehler, M.

K. Itten, F. Dell Endice, A. Hueni, M. Kneubuehler, D. Schlaepfer, D. Odermatt, F. Seidel, S. Huber, J. Schopfer, T. Kellenberger, Y. Buehler, P. D’Odorico, J. Nieke, E. Alberti, and K. Meuleman, “APEX—the hyperspectral ESA airborne prism experiment,” Sensors 8, 6235–6259 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lean, J.

N. Fox, J. Aiken, J. J. Barnett, X. Briottet, R. Carvell, C. Frohlich, S. B. Groom, O. Hagolle, J. D. Haigh, H. H. Kieffer, J. Lean, D. B. Pollock, T. Quinn, M. C. W. Sandford, M. Schaepman, K. P. Shine, W. K. Schmutz, P. M. Teillet, K. J. Thome, M. M. Verstraete, and E. Zalewski, “Traceable radiometry underpinning terrestrial- and helio-studies (TRUTHS),” Adv. Space Res. 32, 2253–2261 (2003).
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Liang, S.

M. E. Schaepman, S. L. Ustin, A. J. Plaza, T. H. Painter, J. Verrelst, and S. Liang, “Earth system science related imaging spectroscopy-an assessment,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113, S123–S137 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Meuleman, K.

K. Itten, F. Dell Endice, A. Hueni, M. Kneubuehler, D. Schlaepfer, D. Odermatt, F. Seidel, S. Huber, J. Schopfer, T. Kellenberger, Y. Buehler, P. D’Odorico, J. Nieke, E. Alberti, and K. Meuleman, “APEX—the hyperspectral ESA airborne prism experiment,” Sensors 8, 6235–6259 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Montes, M.

B. C. Gao, M. Montes, and C. Davis, “Refinement of wavelength calibrations of hyperspectral imaging data using a spectrum-matching technique,” Remote Sens. Environ. 90, 424–433 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Montgomery, H.

H. Montgomery, N. Che, K. Parker, and J. Bowser, “The algorithm for MODIS wavelength on-orbit calibration using the SRCA,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 38, 877–884(2000).
[CrossRef]

Mooshuber, W.

P. S. S. Thiemann, P. Gege, N. Stahl, W. Mooshuber, and H. van der Piepen, “Das abbildende spektrometer ROSIS,” in Publikationen der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Photogrammetrie und Fernerkundung, E.Seyfert, ed. (DLR, 2001), pp. 147–153.

Moreno, J.

Mouroulis, P.

Neville, R. A.

R. A. Neville, L. Sun, and K. Staenz, “Spectral calibration of imaging spectrometers by atmospheric absorption feature matching,” Can. J. Remote Sens. Suppl. 1 34, S29–S42 (2008).
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R. A. Neville, L. Sun, and K. Staenz, “Detection of spectral line curvature in imaging spectrometer data,” Proc. SPIE 5093, 144–154.
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Nieke, J.

K. Itten, F. Dell Endice, A. Hueni, M. Kneubuehler, D. Schlaepfer, D. Odermatt, F. Seidel, S. Huber, J. Schopfer, T. Kellenberger, Y. Buehler, P. D’Odorico, J. Nieke, E. Alberti, and K. Meuleman, “APEX—the hyperspectral ESA airborne prism experiment,” Sensors 8, 6235–6259 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Nieke, D. Schlaepfer, F. Dell’Endice, J. Brazile, and K. I. Itten, “Uniformity of imaging spectrometry data products,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 46, 3326–3336(2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Dell’Endice, J. Nieke, D. Schlaepfer, and K. I. Itten, “Scene-based method for spatial misregistration detection in hyperspectral imagery,” Appl. Opt. 46, 2803–2816 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schläpfer, J. Nieke, and K. I. Itten, “Spatial PSF nonuniformity effects in airborne pushbroom imaging spectrometry data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 45, 458–468(2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Schlaepfer, J. Nieke, and K. I. Itten, “Spatial PSF nonuniformity effects in airborne pushbroom imaging spectrometry data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 45, 458–468 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Odermatt, D.

K. Itten, F. Dell Endice, A. Hueni, M. Kneubuehler, D. Schlaepfer, D. Odermatt, F. Seidel, S. Huber, J. Schopfer, T. Kellenberger, Y. Buehler, P. D’Odorico, J. Nieke, E. Alberti, and K. Meuleman, “APEX—the hyperspectral ESA airborne prism experiment,” Sensors 8, 6235–6259 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Olah, M.

R. Green, M. Eastwood, C. Sarture, T. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. Chippendale, J. Faust, B. Pavri, C. Chovit, M. Solis, M. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Painter, T. H.

M. E. Schaepman, S. L. Ustin, A. J. Plaza, T. H. Painter, J. Verrelst, and S. Liang, “Earth system science related imaging spectroscopy-an assessment,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113, S123–S137 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Palmer, J. M.

P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, J. M. Palmer, and K. J. Thome, “Unified approach to absolute radiometric calibration in the solar-reflective range,” Remote Sens. Environ. 77, 293–303 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Parker, K.

H. Montgomery, N. Che, K. Parker, and J. Bowser, “The algorithm for MODIS wavelength on-orbit calibration using the SRCA,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 38, 877–884(2000).
[CrossRef]

Pavri, B.

R. Green, M. Eastwood, C. Sarture, T. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. Chippendale, J. Faust, B. Pavri, C. Chovit, M. Solis, M. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Green and B. Pavri, “AVIRIS inflight calibration experiment measurements, analysis and results in 2000,” in Proceedings of the Tenth JPL Airborne Earth Science Workshop (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 2001), pp. 205–219.

Plaza, A. J.

M. E. Schaepman, S. L. Ustin, A. J. Plaza, T. H. Painter, J. Verrelst, and S. Liang, “Earth system science related imaging spectroscopy-an assessment,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113, S123–S137 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pollock, D. B.

N. Fox, J. Aiken, J. J. Barnett, X. Briottet, R. Carvell, C. Frohlich, S. B. Groom, O. Hagolle, J. D. Haigh, H. H. Kieffer, J. Lean, D. B. Pollock, T. Quinn, M. C. W. Sandford, M. Schaepman, K. P. Shine, W. K. Schmutz, P. M. Teillet, K. J. Thome, M. M. Verstraete, and E. Zalewski, “Traceable radiometry underpinning terrestrial- and helio-studies (TRUTHS),” Adv. Space Res. 32, 2253–2261 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Preusker, R.

S. Delwart, R. Preusker, L. Bourg, R. Santer, D. Ramon, and J. Fischer, “MERIS in-flight spectral calibration,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 28, 479–496 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Quinn, T.

N. Fox, J. Aiken, J. J. Barnett, X. Briottet, R. Carvell, C. Frohlich, S. B. Groom, O. Hagolle, J. D. Haigh, H. H. Kieffer, J. Lean, D. B. Pollock, T. Quinn, M. C. W. Sandford, M. Schaepman, K. P. Shine, W. K. Schmutz, P. M. Teillet, K. J. Thome, M. M. Verstraete, and E. Zalewski, “Traceable radiometry underpinning terrestrial- and helio-studies (TRUTHS),” Adv. Space Res. 32, 2253–2261 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ramon, D.

S. Delwart, R. Preusker, L. Bourg, R. Santer, D. Ramon, and J. Fischer, “MERIS in-flight spectral calibration,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 28, 479–496 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Richter, R.

Sandford, M. C. W.

N. Fox, J. Aiken, J. J. Barnett, X. Briottet, R. Carvell, C. Frohlich, S. B. Groom, O. Hagolle, J. D. Haigh, H. H. Kieffer, J. Lean, D. B. Pollock, T. Quinn, M. C. W. Sandford, M. Schaepman, K. P. Shine, W. K. Schmutz, P. M. Teillet, K. J. Thome, M. M. Verstraete, and E. Zalewski, “Traceable radiometry underpinning terrestrial- and helio-studies (TRUTHS),” Adv. Space Res. 32, 2253–2261 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sang, B.

Santer, R.

S. Delwart, R. Preusker, L. Bourg, R. Santer, D. Ramon, and J. Fischer, “MERIS in-flight spectral calibration,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 28, 479–496 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sarture, C.

R. Green, M. Eastwood, C. Sarture, T. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. Chippendale, J. Faust, B. Pavri, C. Chovit, M. Solis, M. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Chrien, M. Eastwood, R. Green, C. Sarture, H. Johnson, C. Chovit, and P. Hajek, “airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS) onboard calibration system,” in Summaries of the Fifth Annual JPL Airborne Earth Science Workshop (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1995), pp. 31–32.

Schaepman, M.

N. Fox, J. Aiken, J. J. Barnett, X. Briottet, R. Carvell, C. Frohlich, S. B. Groom, O. Hagolle, J. D. Haigh, H. H. Kieffer, J. Lean, D. B. Pollock, T. Quinn, M. C. W. Sandford, M. Schaepman, K. P. Shine, W. K. Schmutz, P. M. Teillet, K. J. Thome, M. M. Verstraete, and E. Zalewski, “Traceable radiometry underpinning terrestrial- and helio-studies (TRUTHS),” Adv. Space Res. 32, 2253–2261 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Schläpfer and M. Schaepman, “Modelling the noise equivalent radiance requirements of imaging spectrometers based on scientific applications,” Appl. Opt. 41, 5691–5701 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. I. Itten, M. Schaepman, L. De Vos, L. Hermans, H. Schlaepfer, and F. Droz, “APEX—airborne PRISM experiment: a new concept for an airborne imaging spectrometer,” in Proceedings of the Third International Airborne Remote Sensing Conference and Exhibition (Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, 1997), pp. 181–188.

P. D’Odorico, E. Alberti, F. Dell’Endice, A. Hüni, and M. Schaepman, “Spectral stability monitoring of an imaging spectrometer by means of onboard sources.,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IEEE, 2009), I-72–I-75.
[CrossRef]

Schaepman, M. E.

M. E. Schaepman, S. L. Ustin, A. J. Plaza, T. H. Painter, J. Verrelst, and S. Liang, “Earth system science related imaging spectroscopy-an assessment,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113, S123–S137 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Schaepman and S. Dangel, “Solid laboratory calibration of a nonimaging spectroradiometer,” Appl. Opt. 39, 3754–3764 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schlaepfer, D.

K. Itten, F. Dell Endice, A. Hueni, M. Kneubuehler, D. Schlaepfer, D. Odermatt, F. Seidel, S. Huber, J. Schopfer, T. Kellenberger, Y. Buehler, P. D’Odorico, J. Nieke, E. Alberti, and K. Meuleman, “APEX—the hyperspectral ESA airborne prism experiment,” Sensors 8, 6235–6259 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Nieke, D. Schlaepfer, F. Dell’Endice, J. Brazile, and K. I. Itten, “Uniformity of imaging spectrometry data products,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 46, 3326–3336(2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Dell’Endice, J. Nieke, D. Schlaepfer, and K. I. Itten, “Scene-based method for spatial misregistration detection in hyperspectral imagery,” Appl. Opt. 46, 2803–2816 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schlaepfer, J. Nieke, and K. I. Itten, “Spatial PSF nonuniformity effects in airborne pushbroom imaging spectrometry data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 45, 458–468 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schlaepfer, H.

K. I. Itten, M. Schaepman, L. De Vos, L. Hermans, H. Schlaepfer, and F. Droz, “APEX—airborne PRISM experiment: a new concept for an airborne imaging spectrometer,” in Proceedings of the Third International Airborne Remote Sensing Conference and Exhibition (Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, 1997), pp. 181–188.

Schläpfer, D.

D. Schläpfer, J. Nieke, and K. I. Itten, “Spatial PSF nonuniformity effects in airborne pushbroom imaging spectrometry data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 45, 458–468(2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Schläpfer and M. Schaepman, “Modelling the noise equivalent radiance requirements of imaging spectrometers based on scientific applications,” Appl. Opt. 41, 5691–5701 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmutz, W. K.

N. Fox, J. Aiken, J. J. Barnett, X. Briottet, R. Carvell, C. Frohlich, S. B. Groom, O. Hagolle, J. D. Haigh, H. H. Kieffer, J. Lean, D. B. Pollock, T. Quinn, M. C. W. Sandford, M. Schaepman, K. P. Shine, W. K. Schmutz, P. M. Teillet, K. J. Thome, M. M. Verstraete, and E. Zalewski, “Traceable radiometry underpinning terrestrial- and helio-studies (TRUTHS),” Adv. Space Res. 32, 2253–2261 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schopfer, J.

K. Itten, F. Dell Endice, A. Hueni, M. Kneubuehler, D. Schlaepfer, D. Odermatt, F. Seidel, S. Huber, J. Schopfer, T. Kellenberger, Y. Buehler, P. D’Odorico, J. Nieke, E. Alberti, and K. Meuleman, “APEX—the hyperspectral ESA airborne prism experiment,” Sensors 8, 6235–6259 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schötz, P.

P. Gege, J. Fries, P. Haschberger, P. Schötz, H. Schwarzer, P. Strobl, B. Suhr, G. Ulbrich, and W. J. Vreeling, “Calibration facility for airborne imaging spectrometers,” ISPRS J. Photogramm. Remote Sens. 64, 387–397 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schwarzer, H.

P. Gege, J. Fries, P. Haschberger, P. Schötz, H. Schwarzer, P. Strobl, B. Suhr, G. Ulbrich, and W. J. Vreeling, “Calibration facility for airborne imaging spectrometers,” ISPRS J. Photogramm. Remote Sens. 64, 387–397 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Segal, C.

P. S. Barry, J. Shepanski, and C. Segal, “Hyperion on-orbit validation of spectral calibration using atmospheric lines and an on-board system,” Proc. SPIE 4480, 231–235 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Segl, K.

Seidel, F.

K. Itten, F. Dell Endice, A. Hueni, M. Kneubuehler, D. Schlaepfer, D. Odermatt, F. Seidel, S. Huber, J. Schopfer, T. Kellenberger, Y. Buehler, P. D’Odorico, J. Nieke, E. Alberti, and K. Meuleman, “APEX—the hyperspectral ESA airborne prism experiment,” Sensors 8, 6235–6259 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shepanski, J.

P. S. Barry, J. Shepanski, and C. Segal, “Hyperion on-orbit validation of spectral calibration using atmospheric lines and an on-board system,” Proc. SPIE 4480, 231–235 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shine, K. P.

N. Fox, J. Aiken, J. J. Barnett, X. Briottet, R. Carvell, C. Frohlich, S. B. Groom, O. Hagolle, J. D. Haigh, H. H. Kieffer, J. Lean, D. B. Pollock, T. Quinn, M. C. W. Sandford, M. Schaepman, K. P. Shine, W. K. Schmutz, P. M. Teillet, K. J. Thome, M. M. Verstraete, and E. Zalewski, “Traceable radiometry underpinning terrestrial- and helio-studies (TRUTHS),” Adv. Space Res. 32, 2253–2261 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Slater, P. N.

P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, J. M. Palmer, and K. J. Thome, “Unified approach to absolute radiometric calibration in the solar-reflective range,” Remote Sens. Environ. 77, 293–303 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Solis, M.

R. Green, M. Eastwood, C. Sarture, T. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. Chippendale, J. Faust, B. Pavri, C. Chovit, M. Solis, M. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Staenz, K.

R. A. Neville, L. Sun, and K. Staenz, “Spectral calibration of imaging spectrometers by atmospheric absorption feature matching,” Can. J. Remote Sens. Suppl. 1 34, S29–S42 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Neville, L. Sun, and K. Staenz, “Detection of spectral line curvature in imaging spectrometer data,” Proc. SPIE 5093, 144–154.
[CrossRef]

Stahl, N.

P. S. S. Thiemann, P. Gege, N. Stahl, W. Mooshuber, and H. van der Piepen, “Das abbildende spektrometer ROSIS,” in Publikationen der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Photogrammetrie und Fernerkundung, E.Seyfert, ed. (DLR, 2001), pp. 147–153.

Strobl, P.

P. Gege, J. Fries, P. Haschberger, P. Schötz, H. Schwarzer, P. Strobl, B. Suhr, G. Ulbrich, and W. J. Vreeling, “Calibration facility for airborne imaging spectrometers,” ISPRS J. Photogramm. Remote Sens. 64, 387–397 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Suhr, B.

P. Gege, J. Fries, P. Haschberger, P. Schötz, H. Schwarzer, P. Strobl, B. Suhr, G. Ulbrich, and W. J. Vreeling, “Calibration facility for airborne imaging spectrometers,” ISPRS J. Photogramm. Remote Sens. 64, 387–397 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sun, L.

R. A. Neville, L. Sun, and K. Staenz, “Spectral calibration of imaging spectrometers by atmospheric absorption feature matching,” Can. J. Remote Sens. Suppl. 1 34, S29–S42 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Neville, L. Sun, and K. Staenz, “Detection of spectral line curvature in imaging spectrometer data,” Proc. SPIE 5093, 144–154.
[CrossRef]

Teillet, P. M.

N. Fox, J. Aiken, J. J. Barnett, X. Briottet, R. Carvell, C. Frohlich, S. B. Groom, O. Hagolle, J. D. Haigh, H. H. Kieffer, J. Lean, D. B. Pollock, T. Quinn, M. C. W. Sandford, M. Schaepman, K. P. Shine, W. K. Schmutz, P. M. Teillet, K. J. Thome, M. M. Verstraete, and E. Zalewski, “Traceable radiometry underpinning terrestrial- and helio-studies (TRUTHS),” Adv. Space Res. 32, 2253–2261 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Thiemann, P. S. S.

P. S. S. Thiemann, P. Gege, N. Stahl, W. Mooshuber, and H. van der Piepen, “Das abbildende spektrometer ROSIS,” in Publikationen der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Photogrammetrie und Fernerkundung, E.Seyfert, ed. (DLR, 2001), pp. 147–153.

Thome, K. J.

N. Fox, J. Aiken, J. J. Barnett, X. Briottet, R. Carvell, C. Frohlich, S. B. Groom, O. Hagolle, J. D. Haigh, H. H. Kieffer, J. Lean, D. B. Pollock, T. Quinn, M. C. W. Sandford, M. Schaepman, K. P. Shine, W. K. Schmutz, P. M. Teillet, K. J. Thome, M. M. Verstraete, and E. Zalewski, “Traceable radiometry underpinning terrestrial- and helio-studies (TRUTHS),” Adv. Space Res. 32, 2253–2261 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, J. M. Palmer, and K. J. Thome, “Unified approach to absolute radiometric calibration in the solar-reflective range,” Remote Sens. Environ. 77, 293–303 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tribolet, P.

P. Chorier and P. Tribolet, “High performance HgCdTe SWIR detectors for hyperspectral instruments,” Proc. SPIE 4540, 328–341 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ulbrich, G.

P. Gege, J. Fries, P. Haschberger, P. Schötz, H. Schwarzer, P. Strobl, B. Suhr, G. Ulbrich, and W. J. Vreeling, “Calibration facility for airborne imaging spectrometers,” ISPRS J. Photogramm. Remote Sens. 64, 387–397 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ustin, S. L.

M. E. Schaepman, S. L. Ustin, A. J. Plaza, T. H. Painter, J. Verrelst, and S. Liang, “Earth system science related imaging spectroscopy-an assessment,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113, S123–S137 (2009).
[CrossRef]

van der Piepen, H.

P. S. S. Thiemann, P. Gege, N. Stahl, W. Mooshuber, and H. van der Piepen, “Das abbildende spektrometer ROSIS,” in Publikationen der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Photogrammetrie und Fernerkundung, E.Seyfert, ed. (DLR, 2001), pp. 147–153.

Vane, G.

G. Vane, A. F. H. Goetz, and J. B. Wellman, “Airborne imaging spectrometer: a new tool for remote sensing,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. GE-22, 546–549 (1983).

Verrelst, J.

M. E. Schaepman, S. L. Ustin, A. J. Plaza, T. H. Painter, J. Verrelst, and S. Liang, “Earth system science related imaging spectroscopy-an assessment,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113, S123–S137 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Verstraete, M. M.

N. Fox, J. Aiken, J. J. Barnett, X. Briottet, R. Carvell, C. Frohlich, S. B. Groom, O. Hagolle, J. D. Haigh, H. H. Kieffer, J. Lean, D. B. Pollock, T. Quinn, M. C. W. Sandford, M. Schaepman, K. P. Shine, W. K. Schmutz, P. M. Teillet, K. J. Thome, M. M. Verstraete, and E. Zalewski, “Traceable radiometry underpinning terrestrial- and helio-studies (TRUTHS),” Adv. Space Res. 32, 2253–2261 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vreeling, W. J.

P. Gege, J. Fries, P. Haschberger, P. Schötz, H. Schwarzer, P. Strobl, B. Suhr, G. Ulbrich, and W. J. Vreeling, “Calibration facility for airborne imaging spectrometers,” ISPRS J. Photogramm. Remote Sens. 64, 387–397 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wellman, J. B.

G. Vane, A. F. H. Goetz, and J. B. Wellman, “Airborne imaging spectrometer: a new tool for remote sensing,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. GE-22, 546–549 (1983).

Williams, O.

R. Green, M. Eastwood, C. Sarture, T. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. Chippendale, J. Faust, B. Pavri, C. Chovit, M. Solis, M. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zalewski, E.

N. Fox, J. Aiken, J. J. Barnett, X. Briottet, R. Carvell, C. Frohlich, S. B. Groom, O. Hagolle, J. D. Haigh, H. H. Kieffer, J. Lean, D. B. Pollock, T. Quinn, M. C. W. Sandford, M. Schaepman, K. P. Shine, W. K. Schmutz, P. M. Teillet, K. J. Thome, M. M. Verstraete, and E. Zalewski, “Traceable radiometry underpinning terrestrial- and helio-studies (TRUTHS),” Adv. Space Res. 32, 2253–2261 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, C.

C. Zhu and L. M. Hanssen, “Comparison and development of absorption peak determination algorithms for wavelength standards,” Proc. SPIE 4103, 62–68 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhu and L. M. Hanssen, “Absorption-line evaluation methods for wavelength standards,” Proc. SPIE 3425, 111–118(1998).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Space Res.

N. Fox, J. Aiken, J. J. Barnett, X. Briottet, R. Carvell, C. Frohlich, S. B. Groom, O. Hagolle, J. D. Haigh, H. H. Kieffer, J. Lean, D. B. Pollock, T. Quinn, M. C. W. Sandford, M. Schaepman, K. P. Shine, W. K. Schmutz, P. M. Teillet, K. J. Thome, M. M. Verstraete, and E. Zalewski, “Traceable radiometry underpinning terrestrial- and helio-studies (TRUTHS),” Adv. Space Res. 32, 2253–2261 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Can. J. Remote Sens. Suppl. 1

R. A. Neville, L. Sun, and K. Staenz, “Spectral calibration of imaging spectrometers by atmospheric absorption feature matching,” Can. J. Remote Sens. Suppl. 1 34, S29–S42 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.

J. Nieke, D. Schlaepfer, F. Dell’Endice, J. Brazile, and K. I. Itten, “Uniformity of imaging spectrometry data products,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 46, 3326–3336(2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Schlaepfer, J. Nieke, and K. I. Itten, “Spatial PSF nonuniformity effects in airborne pushbroom imaging spectrometry data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 45, 458–468 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Vane, A. F. H. Goetz, and J. B. Wellman, “Airborne imaging spectrometer: a new tool for remote sensing,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. GE-22, 546–549 (1983).

D. Schläpfer, J. Nieke, and K. I. Itten, “Spatial PSF nonuniformity effects in airborne pushbroom imaging spectrometry data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 45, 458–468(2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Montgomery, N. Che, K. Parker, and J. Bowser, “The algorithm for MODIS wavelength on-orbit calibration using the SRCA,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 38, 877–884(2000).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Remote Sens.

S. Delwart, R. Preusker, L. Bourg, R. Santer, D. Ramon, and J. Fischer, “MERIS in-flight spectral calibration,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 28, 479–496 (2007).
[CrossRef]

ISPRS J. Photogramm. Remote Sens.

P. Gege, J. Fries, P. Haschberger, P. Schötz, H. Schwarzer, P. Strobl, B. Suhr, G. Ulbrich, and W. J. Vreeling, “Calibration facility for airborne imaging spectrometers,” ISPRS J. Photogramm. Remote Sens. 64, 387–397 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Proc. SPIE

R. A. Neville, L. Sun, and K. Staenz, “Detection of spectral line curvature in imaging spectrometer data,” Proc. SPIE 5093, 144–154.
[CrossRef]

P. S. Barry, J. Shepanski, and C. Segal, “Hyperion on-orbit validation of spectral calibration using atmospheric lines and an on-board system,” Proc. SPIE 4480, 231–235 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Chorier and P. Tribolet, “High performance HgCdTe SWIR detectors for hyperspectral instruments,” Proc. SPIE 4540, 328–341 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhu and L. M. Hanssen, “Comparison and development of absorption peak determination algorithms for wavelength standards,” Proc. SPIE 4103, 62–68 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhu and L. M. Hanssen, “Absorption-line evaluation methods for wavelength standards,” Proc. SPIE 3425, 111–118(1998).
[CrossRef]

Remote Sens. Environ.

B. C. Gao, M. Montes, and C. Davis, “Refinement of wavelength calibrations of hyperspectral imaging data using a spectrum-matching technique,” Remote Sens. Environ. 90, 424–433 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Schaepman, S. L. Ustin, A. J. Plaza, T. H. Painter, J. Verrelst, and S. Liang, “Earth system science related imaging spectroscopy-an assessment,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113, S123–S137 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Guanter, V. Estellès, and J. Moreno, “Spectral calibration and atmospheric correction of ultra-fine spectral and spatial resolution remote sensing data. Application to CASI-1500 data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 109, 54–65 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, J. M. Palmer, and K. J. Thome, “Unified approach to absolute radiometric calibration in the solar-reflective range,” Remote Sens. Environ. 77, 293–303 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Green, M. Eastwood, C. Sarture, T. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. Chippendale, J. Faust, B. Pavri, C. Chovit, M. Solis, M. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sensors

K. Itten, F. Dell Endice, A. Hueni, M. Kneubuehler, D. Schlaepfer, D. Odermatt, F. Seidel, S. Huber, J. Schopfer, T. Kellenberger, Y. Buehler, P. D’Odorico, J. Nieke, E. Alberti, and K. Meuleman, “APEX—the hyperspectral ESA airborne prism experiment,” Sensors 8, 6235–6259 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other

K. I. Itten, M. Schaepman, L. De Vos, L. Hermans, H. Schlaepfer, and F. Droz, “APEX—airborne PRISM experiment: a new concept for an airborne imaging spectrometer,” in Proceedings of the Third International Airborne Remote Sensing Conference and Exhibition (Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, 1997), pp. 181–188.

T. Chrien, M. Eastwood, R. Green, C. Sarture, H. Johnson, C. Chovit, and P. Hajek, “airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS) onboard calibration system,” in Summaries of the Fifth Annual JPL Airborne Earth Science Workshop (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1995), pp. 31–32.

P. S. S. Thiemann, P. Gege, N. Stahl, W. Mooshuber, and H. van der Piepen, “Das abbildende spektrometer ROSIS,” in Publikationen der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Photogrammetrie und Fernerkundung, E.Seyfert, ed. (DLR, 2001), pp. 147–153.

P. D’Odorico, E. Alberti, F. Dell’Endice, A. Hüni, and K. Itten, “An algorithm for tracking APEX spectral stability by means of the in-flight characterizarion facility (IFC),” in Proceedings of the 6th EARSeL Workshop on Imaging Spectroscopy(EARSeL, 2009), p. 5.

P. D’Odorico, E. Alberti, F. Dell’Endice, A. Hüni, and M. Schaepman, “Spectral stability monitoring of an imaging spectrometer by means of onboard sources.,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IEEE, 2009), I-72–I-75.
[CrossRef]

R. Green and B. Pavri, “AVIRIS inflight calibration experiment measurements, analysis and results in 2000,” in Proceedings of the Tenth JPL Airborne Earth Science Workshop (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 2001), pp. 205–219.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

IFC facility onboard APEX: (1) QTH lamp; (2) optical fiber; (3) fiber output; (4) calibration shutter; (5) fixed folding mirror; (6) diffusers; (7) feedback loop sensor; (8) sliding folding mirror; (9) filter wheel; (10) fixed folding mirror; (11) global shutter; □ temperature sensor; ∇ temperature sensor on optical base plate (averaged); ⊗ differential temperature sensors.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission of the spectral filters mounted on the IFC facility onboard the APEX imaging spectrometer (SRM NIST, black; BP700, red; BP1000, blue; BP2218, green).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Example of an absorption feature seen by a sensor with nominal (continuous) and with shifted (discontinuous) SRF: where □ points sampled with nominal SRF and ▵ point sampled with shifted SRF.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Sliding window progressively shifting of Δ x and defining a lower ( x L + Δ x ) and an upper ( x U + Δ x ) spectral pixel position by which a portion of the flight spectrum is indexed. The sliding window is shown for two iteration steps.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Spectral shift estimated for each across-track pixel using one filter absorption feature. The indices adopted to synthesize the instrument spectral performance at a specific time instance are (1) the mss, given by the value of the fit for the central detector pixel and (2) the rotation, given by the angular coefficient of the fit function.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Spectral mean shifts estimated for flight data (∘) and for on-ground data (▵) acquired at different pressure regimes. The size of the vertical bar (|) represents the standard deviation of the estimates. Linear (continuous line) and exponential (discontinuous line) regression models have been fitted to the data. Results are for the feature at 784 815 nm .

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Mean spectral shift estimates for four spectral regions of the VNIR (top) and SWIR (bottom) detector, plotted against the differential pressure trend. Data were acquired over three flight days: ∘17/06, □ 18/06 AM, ▵18/06 PM, *23/06 AM, × 23 / 06 PM. Data were acquired with the NIST SRM and with the bandpass filters. The size of the vertical bar (|) represents the standard deviation of the estimates. The dotted horizontal lines enclose the interval corresponding to one unbinned detector pixel and report the nanometers for the specific wavelength region.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Rotation estimated for flight data (∘) and for onground data (▵) acquired at different PSU temperatures. Linear regression models have been fitted to the data (continuous line, ground data; discontinuous line, flight data). Results are for the feature at 784 815 nm .

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Rotation for four spectral regions of the VNIR (top) and SWIR (bottom) detector plotted against the PSU temperature trend. Data were acquired over three flight days: ∘17/06, □ 18/06 AM, ▵18/06 PM, *23/06 AM, × 23 / 06 PM. Data were acquired with the NIST SRM and with the bandpass filters.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 APEX Instrument—Key Requirements

Equations (2)

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S = SRF ( λ + Δ λ ) × L ( λ ) × T ( λ ) d λ ,
f ( x ) = β 0 + β 1 x ,

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