Abstract

We report an experimental study of the effect of fiber length and laser linewidth on self-pulsing dynamics and output stabilization of a single-mode Yb-doped double-clad CW fiber laser. It is found that initiation of self-pulsing under low-level pumping conditions is due to relaxation oscillations and saturable absorption in the weakly pumped region of the doped fiber, irrespective of the fiber length and the laser linewidth. However, with an increase in pump power, depending on fiber length and laser linewidth, the pulses initiated due to relaxation oscillation get amplified, and result in short-duration giant pulses due to either stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) or stimulated Raman scattering (SRS). In the case of fiber lasers that employ a broadband mirror and wherein the fiber length is sufficient to reach the SRS threshold, the giant self-pulses are generated by SRS, whereas in the case of fiber lasers using a fiber Bragg grating, characterized by narrowband reflection and with sufficient fiber length to reach the SBS threshold, the giant self-pulses are generated by SBS. Output stabilization and, hence, elimination of self-pulsations can be achieved either by suppressing the relaxation oscillations with the addition of an appropriate length of a passive fiber to sufficiently increase the cavity photon lifetime, or by increasing the pump power to achieve gain uniformity along the doped fiber such that relaxation oscillations and reabsorption effects are suppressed.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  28. B. N. Upadhyaya, U. Chakravarty, A. Kuruvilla, A. K. Nath, M. R. Shenoy, and K. Thyagarajan, “Effect of steady-state conditions on self-pulsing characteristics of Yb-doped cw fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun.  281, 146–153 (2008).
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2009 (1)

2008 (2)

B. N. Upadhyaya, U. Chakravarty, A. Kuruvilla, A. K. Nath, M. R. Shenoy, and K. Thyagarajan, “Effect of steady-state conditions on self-pulsing characteristics of Yb-doped cw fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun.  281, 146–153 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Martinez-Rios, I. Torres-Gomez, G. Anzueto-Sanchez, and R. Selvas-Aguilar, “Self-pulsing in a double-clad ytterbium fiber laser induced by high scattering loss,” Opt. Commun.  281, 663–667 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

A. Suzuki, Y. Takahashi, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, “An ultra low noise and narrow linewidth λ/4-shifted DFB Er-doped fiber laser with a ring cavity configuration,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.  19, 1463–1465 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

2005 (1)

2004 (3)

2003 (1)

B. Ortac, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, G. Martel, M. Salhi, and F. Sanchez, “Influence of cavity losses on stimulated Brillouin scattering in a self-pulsing side-pumped ytterbium-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.  215, 389–395 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

A. Hideur, T. Chartier, C. Ozkul, and F. Sanchez, “Dynamics and stabilization of a high power side-pumped Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.  186, 311–317 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirrmacher, L. Daweritz, and R. Hey, “Self pulsing versus self locking in a cw pumped neodymium doped double clad fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.  161, 345–358 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Jackson and T. A. King, “Dynamics of the output of heavily Tm-doped double-clad silica fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B  16, 2178–2188 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

R. Rangel-Rojo and M. Mohebi, “Study of the onset of self-pulsing behaviour in an Er-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.  137, 98–102 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. Luo and P. L. Chu, “Suppression of self-pulsing in an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.  22, 1174–1176(1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, “Stabilization of a mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser by suppressing the relaxation oscillation frequency component,” Electron. Lett.  31, 292–293 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

E. Lacot, F. Stoeckel, and M. Chenevier, “Dynamics of an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A  49, 3997–4008 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (3)

F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P.-L. François, and G. Stephan, “Effects of ion pairs on the dynamics of erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A  48, 2220–2229 (1993).
[CrossRef]

V. Mizrahi, D. J. DiGiovanni, R. M. Atkins, S. G. Grubb, Y.-K. Park, and J.-M. P. Delavaux, “Stable single-mode erbium fiber-grating laser for digital communication,” J. Lightwave Technol.  11, 2021–2025 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. Marcuse, “Pulsing behavior of a three-level laser with saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.  29, 2390–2396 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, 1995).

Anzueto-Sanchez, G.

A. Martinez-Rios, I. Torres-Gomez, G. Anzueto-Sanchez, and R. Selvas-Aguilar, “Self-pulsing in a double-clad ytterbium fiber laser induced by high scattering loss,” Opt. Commun.  281, 663–667 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Atkins, R. M.

V. Mizrahi, D. J. DiGiovanni, R. M. Atkins, S. G. Grubb, Y.-K. Park, and J.-M. P. Delavaux, “Stable single-mode erbium fiber-grating laser for digital communication,” J. Lightwave Technol.  11, 2021–2025 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Barmenkov, Y. O.

Blondel, M.

Brunel, M.

B. Ortac, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, G. Martel, M. Salhi, and F. Sanchez, “Influence of cavity losses on stimulated Brillouin scattering in a self-pulsing side-pumped ytterbium-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.  215, 389–395 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Salhi, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, G. Martel, C. Ozkul, and F. Sanchez, “Evidence of Brillouin scattering in an ytterbium-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.  27, 1294–1296 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Brunet, F.

Chakravarty, U.

B. N. Upadhyaya, U. Chakravarty, A. Kuruvilla, A. K. Nath, M. R. Shenoy, and K. Thyagarajan, “Effect of steady-state conditions on self-pulsing characteristics of Yb-doped cw fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun.  281, 146–153 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chartier, T.

B. Ortac, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, G. Martel, M. Salhi, and F. Sanchez, “Influence of cavity losses on stimulated Brillouin scattering in a self-pulsing side-pumped ytterbium-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.  215, 389–395 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Salhi, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, G. Martel, C. Ozkul, and F. Sanchez, “Evidence of Brillouin scattering in an ytterbium-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.  27, 1294–1296 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Hideur, T. Chartier, and C. Özkul, “All-fiber tunable ytterbium-doped double-clad fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett.  26, 1054–1057 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Hideur, T. Chartier, C. Ozkul, and F. Sanchez, “Dynamics and stabilization of a high power side-pumped Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.  186, 311–317 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

Chenevier, M.

E. Lacot, F. Stoeckel, and M. Chenevier, “Dynamics of an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A  49, 3997–4008 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chu, P. L.

Daweritz, L.

P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirrmacher, L. Daweritz, and R. Hey, “Self pulsing versus self locking in a cw pumped neodymium doped double clad fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.  161, 345–358 (1999).
[CrossRef]

de Sandro, J. P.

Delavaux, J.-M. P.

V. Mizrahi, D. J. DiGiovanni, R. M. Atkins, S. G. Grubb, Y.-K. Park, and J.-M. P. Delavaux, “Stable single-mode erbium fiber-grating laser for digital communication,” J. Lightwave Technol.  11, 2021–2025 (1993).
[CrossRef]

DiGiovanni, D. J.

V. Mizrahi, D. J. DiGiovanni, R. M. Atkins, S. G. Grubb, Y.-K. Park, and J.-M. P. Delavaux, “Stable single-mode erbium fiber-grating laser for digital communication,” J. Lightwave Technol.  11, 2021–2025 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Dreyer, K.

Dutta, N. K.

Fotiadi, A. A.

François, P.-L.

F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P.-L. François, and G. Stephan, “Effects of ion pairs on the dynamics of erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A  48, 2220–2229 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Galarneau, P.

Glas, P.

P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirrmacher, L. Daweritz, and R. Hey, “Self pulsing versus self locking in a cw pumped neodymium doped double clad fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.  161, 345–358 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Grubb, S. G.

V. Mizrahi, D. J. DiGiovanni, R. M. Atkins, S. G. Grubb, Y.-K. Park, and J.-M. P. Delavaux, “Stable single-mode erbium fiber-grating laser for digital communication,” J. Lightwave Technol.  11, 2021–2025 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Guan, W.

Hey, R.

P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirrmacher, L. Daweritz, and R. Hey, “Self pulsing versus self locking in a cw pumped neodymium doped double clad fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.  161, 345–358 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hideur, A.

B. Ortac, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, G. Martel, M. Salhi, and F. Sanchez, “Influence of cavity losses on stimulated Brillouin scattering in a self-pulsing side-pumped ytterbium-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.  215, 389–395 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Salhi, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, G. Martel, C. Ozkul, and F. Sanchez, “Evidence of Brillouin scattering in an ytterbium-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.  27, 1294–1296 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Hideur, T. Chartier, and C. Özkul, “All-fiber tunable ytterbium-doped double-clad fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett.  26, 1054–1057 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Hideur, T. Chartier, C. Ozkul, and F. Sanchez, “Dynamics and stabilization of a high power side-pumped Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.  186, 311–317 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, S. D.

S. D. Jackson, “Direct evidence for laser re-absorption as initial cause for self-pulsing in three-level fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett.  38, 1640–1642 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Jackson and T. A. King, “Dynamics of the output of heavily Tm-doped double-clad silica fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B  16, 2178–2188 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, Y.

Kawanishi, S.

H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, “Stabilization of a mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser by suppressing the relaxation oscillation frequency component,” Electron. Lett.  31, 292–293 (1995).
[CrossRef]

King, T. A.

Y. H. Tsang, T. A. King, D. K. Ko, and J. Lee, “Output dynamics and stabilization of a multi-mode double-clad Yb-doped silica fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.  259, 236–241 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Jackson and T. A. King, “Dynamics of the output of heavily Tm-doped double-clad silica fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B  16, 2178–2188 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kir’yanov, A. V.

Ko, D. K.

Y. H. Tsang, T. A. King, D. K. Ko, and J. Lee, “Output dynamics and stabilization of a multi-mode double-clad Yb-doped silica fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.  259, 236–241 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Koechner, W.

W. Koechner, Solid State Laser Engineering, 5th ed.(Springer, 1999).

Kuruvilla, A.

B. N. Upadhyaya, U. Chakravarty, A. Kuruvilla, A. K. Nath, M. R. Shenoy, and K. Thyagarajan, “Effect of steady-state conditions on self-pulsing characteristics of Yb-doped cw fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun.  281, 146–153 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lacot, E.

E. Lacot, F. Stoeckel, and M. Chenevier, “Dynamics of an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A  49, 3997–4008 (1994).
[CrossRef]

LaRochelle, S.

Le Boudec, P.

F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P.-L. François, and G. Stephan, “Effects of ion pairs on the dynamics of erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A  48, 2220–2229 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

Y. H. Tsang, T. A. King, D. K. Ko, and J. Lee, “Output dynamics and stabilization of a multi-mode double-clad Yb-doped silica fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.  259, 236–241 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

Loh, W. H.

Luo, L.

Marciante, J. R.

Marcuse, D.

D. Marcuse, “Pulsing behavior of a three-level laser with saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.  29, 2390–2396 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Martel, G.

B. Ortac, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, G. Martel, M. Salhi, and F. Sanchez, “Influence of cavity losses on stimulated Brillouin scattering in a self-pulsing side-pumped ytterbium-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.  215, 389–395 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Salhi, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, G. Martel, C. Ozkul, and F. Sanchez, “Evidence of Brillouin scattering in an ytterbium-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.  27, 1294–1296 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Martinez, I. L.

Martinez-Rios, A.

A. Martinez-Rios, I. Torres-Gomez, G. Anzueto-Sanchez, and R. Selvas-Aguilar, “Self-pulsing in a double-clad ytterbium fiber laser induced by high scattering loss,” Opt. Commun.  281, 663–667 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mégret, P.

Mizrahi, V.

V. Mizrahi, D. J. DiGiovanni, R. M. Atkins, S. G. Grubb, Y.-K. Park, and J.-M. P. Delavaux, “Stable single-mode erbium fiber-grating laser for digital communication,” J. Lightwave Technol.  11, 2021–2025 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mohebi, M.

R. Rangel-Rojo and M. Mohebi, “Study of the onset of self-pulsing behaviour in an Er-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.  137, 98–102 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Musha, M.

Nakazawa, M.

A. Suzuki, Y. Takahashi, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, “An ultra low noise and narrow linewidth λ/4-shifted DFB Er-doped fiber laser with a ring cavity configuration,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.  19, 1463–1465 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nath, A. K.

B. N. Upadhyaya, U. Chakravarty, A. Kuruvilla, A. K. Nath, M. R. Shenoy, and K. Thyagarajan, “Effect of steady-state conditions on self-pulsing characteristics of Yb-doped cw fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun.  281, 146–153 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Naumann, M.

P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirrmacher, L. Daweritz, and R. Hey, “Self pulsing versus self locking in a cw pumped neodymium doped double clad fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.  161, 345–358 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

Ortac, B.

B. Ortac, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, G. Martel, M. Salhi, and F. Sanchez, “Influence of cavity losses on stimulated Brillouin scattering in a self-pulsing side-pumped ytterbium-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.  215, 389–395 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ozkul, C.

M. Salhi, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, G. Martel, C. Ozkul, and F. Sanchez, “Evidence of Brillouin scattering in an ytterbium-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.  27, 1294–1296 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Hideur, T. Chartier, C. Ozkul, and F. Sanchez, “Dynamics and stabilization of a high power side-pumped Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.  186, 311–317 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Özkul, C.

Park, Y.-K.

V. Mizrahi, D. J. DiGiovanni, R. M. Atkins, S. G. Grubb, Y.-K. Park, and J.-M. P. Delavaux, “Stable single-mode erbium fiber-grating laser for digital communication,” J. Lightwave Technol.  11, 2021–2025 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

Rangel-Rojo, R.

R. Rangel-Rojo and M. Mohebi, “Study of the onset of self-pulsing behaviour in an Er-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.  137, 98–102 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sahu, J. K.

Salhi, M.

B. Ortac, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, G. Martel, M. Salhi, and F. Sanchez, “Influence of cavity losses on stimulated Brillouin scattering in a self-pulsing side-pumped ytterbium-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.  215, 389–395 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Salhi, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, G. Martel, C. Ozkul, and F. Sanchez, “Evidence of Brillouin scattering in an ytterbium-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.  27, 1294–1296 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sanchez, F.

B. Ortac, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, G. Martel, M. Salhi, and F. Sanchez, “Influence of cavity losses on stimulated Brillouin scattering in a self-pulsing side-pumped ytterbium-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.  215, 389–395 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Salhi, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, G. Martel, C. Ozkul, and F. Sanchez, “Evidence of Brillouin scattering in an ytterbium-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.  27, 1294–1296 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Hideur, T. Chartier, C. Ozkul, and F. Sanchez, “Dynamics and stabilization of a high power side-pumped Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.  186, 311–317 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P.-L. François, and G. Stephan, “Effects of ion pairs on the dynamics of erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A  48, 2220–2229 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Saruwatari, M.

H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, “Stabilization of a mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser by suppressing the relaxation oscillation frequency component,” Electron. Lett.  31, 292–293 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Schirrmacher, A.

P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirrmacher, L. Daweritz, and R. Hey, “Self pulsing versus self locking in a cw pumped neodymium doped double clad fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.  161, 345–358 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Selvas-Aguilar, R.

A. Martinez-Rios, I. Torres-Gomez, G. Anzueto-Sanchez, and R. Selvas-Aguilar, “Self-pulsing in a double-clad ytterbium fiber laser induced by high scattering loss,” Opt. Commun.  281, 663–667 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shenoy, M. R.

B. N. Upadhyaya, U. Chakravarty, A. Kuruvilla, A. K. Nath, M. R. Shenoy, and K. Thyagarajan, “Effect of steady-state conditions on self-pulsing characteristics of Yb-doped cw fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun.  281, 146–153 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shirakawa, A.

Smith, R. G.

Stephan, G.

F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P.-L. François, and G. Stephan, “Effects of ion pairs on the dynamics of erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A  48, 2220–2229 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Stoeckel, F.

E. Lacot, F. Stoeckel, and M. Chenevier, “Dynamics of an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A  49, 3997–4008 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, A.

A. Suzuki, Y. Takahashi, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, “An ultra low noise and narrow linewidth λ/4-shifted DFB Er-doped fiber laser with a ring cavity configuration,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.  19, 1463–1465 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Taillon, Y.

Takahashi, Y.

A. Suzuki, Y. Takahashi, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, “An ultra low noise and narrow linewidth λ/4-shifted DFB Er-doped fiber laser with a ring cavity configuration,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.  19, 1463–1465 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Takara, H.

H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, “Stabilization of a mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser by suppressing the relaxation oscillation frequency component,” Electron. Lett.  31, 292–293 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Thyagarajan, K.

B. N. Upadhyaya, U. Chakravarty, A. Kuruvilla, A. K. Nath, M. R. Shenoy, and K. Thyagarajan, “Effect of steady-state conditions on self-pulsing characteristics of Yb-doped cw fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun.  281, 146–153 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Torres-Gomez, I.

A. Martinez-Rios, I. Torres-Gomez, G. Anzueto-Sanchez, and R. Selvas-Aguilar, “Self-pulsing in a double-clad ytterbium fiber laser induced by high scattering loss,” Opt. Commun.  281, 663–667 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, Y. H.

Y. H. Tsang, T. A. King, D. K. Ko, and J. Lee, “Output dynamics and stabilization of a multi-mode double-clad Yb-doped silica fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.  259, 236–241 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K.

Upadhyaya, B. N.

B. N. Upadhyaya, U. Chakravarty, A. Kuruvilla, A. K. Nath, M. R. Shenoy, and K. Thyagarajan, “Effect of steady-state conditions on self-pulsing characteristics of Yb-doped cw fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun.  281, 146–153 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, M.

A. Suzuki, Y. Takahashi, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, “An ultra low noise and narrow linewidth λ/4-shifted DFB Er-doped fiber laser with a ring cavity configuration,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.  19, 1463–1465 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, G.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Electron. Lett. (2)

H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, “Stabilization of a mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser by suppressing the relaxation oscillation frequency component,” Electron. Lett.  31, 292–293 (1995).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

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[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

A. Suzuki, Y. Takahashi, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, “An ultra low noise and narrow linewidth λ/4-shifted DFB Er-doped fiber laser with a ring cavity configuration,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.  19, 1463–1465 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

V. Mizrahi, D. J. DiGiovanni, R. M. Atkins, S. G. Grubb, Y.-K. Park, and J.-M. P. Delavaux, “Stable single-mode erbium fiber-grating laser for digital communication,” J. Lightwave Technol.  11, 2021–2025 (1993).
[CrossRef]

F. Brunet, Y. Taillon, P. Galarneau, and S. LaRochelle, “A simple model describing both self-mode locking and sustained self-pulsing in ytterbium-doped ring fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol.  23, 2131–2138 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (7)

B. Ortac, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, G. Martel, M. Salhi, and F. Sanchez, “Influence of cavity losses on stimulated Brillouin scattering in a self-pulsing side-pumped ytterbium-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.  215, 389–395 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Martinez-Rios, I. Torres-Gomez, G. Anzueto-Sanchez, and R. Selvas-Aguilar, “Self-pulsing in a double-clad ytterbium fiber laser induced by high scattering loss,” Opt. Commun.  281, 663–667 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Rangel-Rojo and M. Mohebi, “Study of the onset of self-pulsing behaviour in an Er-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.  137, 98–102 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Tsang, T. A. King, D. K. Ko, and J. Lee, “Output dynamics and stabilization of a multi-mode double-clad Yb-doped silica fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.  259, 236–241 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Hideur, T. Chartier, C. Ozkul, and F. Sanchez, “Dynamics and stabilization of a high power side-pumped Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.  186, 311–317 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirrmacher, L. Daweritz, and R. Hey, “Self pulsing versus self locking in a cw pumped neodymium doped double clad fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.  161, 345–358 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. N. Upadhyaya, U. Chakravarty, A. Kuruvilla, A. K. Nath, M. R. Shenoy, and K. Thyagarajan, “Effect of steady-state conditions on self-pulsing characteristics of Yb-doped cw fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun.  281, 146–153 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (7)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P.-L. François, and G. Stephan, “Effects of ion pairs on the dynamics of erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A  48, 2220–2229 (1993).
[CrossRef]

E. Lacot, F. Stoeckel, and M. Chenevier, “Dynamics of an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A  49, 3997–4008 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

http//www.ipgphotonics.com.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, 1995).

W. Koechner, Solid State Laser Engineering, 5th ed.(Springer, 1999).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for study of self-pulsing dynamics in Yb-doped fiber laser using (a) a broadband mirror, (b) a broadband mirror and a spliced passive fiber, (c) a FBG mirror, and (d) a FBG mirror and a spliced passive fiber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Variation of fiber laser output from an 8 m long Yb-doped double-clad fiber as a function of the input pump power for the cases of a broadband mirror, a broadband mirror with a spliced passive fiber, a FBG mirror, and a FBG mirror with a spliced passive fiber in the resonator.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Self-pulses in the case of an 8 m long Yb-doped double-clad fiber, using a broadband mirror without a passive fiber, at input pump powers of (a) 2.27, (b) 5.40, (c) 7.56, and (d)  11.78 W .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Self-pulses in the case of an 8 m long Yb-doped double-clad fiber, using a broadband mirror with a spliced passive fiber, at input pump powers of (a) 3.31 and (b)  12.36 W .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Self-pulses in the case of an 8 m long Yb-doped double-clad fiber, using a FBG mirror without a passive fiber, at input pump powers of (a) 2.27, (b) 5.40, (c) 11.8, and (d)  14.4 W .

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Self-pulses in the case of an 8 m long Yb-doped double-clad fiber, using a FBG mirror with a spliced passive fiber, at input pump powers of (a) 1.25, (b) 2.27, (c) 4.88, and (d)  9.67 W .

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Output spectrum in the case of an 8 m long Yb-doped double-clad fiber with variation in input pump power for the cases of (a) a broadband mirror, (b) a broadband mirror and a passive fiber, (c) a FBG, and (d) a FBG and passive fiber.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Self-pulses in the case of an 18 m long Yb-doped double-clad fiber, using a broadband mirror without a passive fiber, at input pump powers of (a) 2.77, (b) 4.36, (c) 7.56, and (d)  10.25 W .

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Output spectrum in the case of an 18 m long Yb-doped double-clad fiber with variation in input pump power when the broadband mirror is used for feedback.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Calculated Values of Signal Threshold for Stimulated Brillouin Scattering and Stimulated Raman Scattering under Different Resonator Configurations

Equations (4)

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( P 0 cr ) SRS 16 A eff g R L eff ,
( P 0 cr ) SBS 21 A eff g R L eff [ 1 + Δ v s Δ v B ] ,
L eff = 1 α s [ 1 exp ( α s L ) ] .
τ c = t r ε = 2 n L c ( ln R 1 R 2 + 2 α l ) ,

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