Abstract

We propose and analyze a new optical system to transform linearly polarized laser modes into axially symmetric (radial or azimuthal) modes that show more promise in various applications, as well as generating various inhomogeneously polarized configurations. The system is based on the coherent composition of modal beams with phase diffraction gratings that allow the intermode phase shift to be varied without the need for auxiliary components. What makes the system simple and universal is the use of diffractive optical elements to generate required mode patterns with specific space orientation along with the simultaneous generation of different beams with different transverse mode content, all of which can subsequently be combined.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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  9. L. Novotny, M. R. Beversluis, K. S. Youngworth, and T. G. Brown, “Longitudinal field modes probed by single molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5251-5254 (2001).
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    [CrossRef]
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  18. H. Kawauchi, Y. Kozawa, S. Sato, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, “Simultaneous generation of helical beams with linear and radial polarization by use of a segmented half-wave plate,” Opt. Lett. 33, 399-401 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  22. K. Yonezawa, Y. Kozawa, and S. Sato, “Compact laser with radial polarization using birefringent laser medium,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 5160-5163 (2007).
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  32. G. Volpe and D. Petrov, “Generation of cylindrical vector beams with few-mode filigbers excited by Laguerre-Gaussian beams,” Opt. Commun. 237, 89-95 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  33. T. Hirayama, Y. Kozawa, T. Nakamura, and S. Sato, “Generation of a cylindrically symmetric, polarized laser beam with narrow linewidth and fine tunability,” Opt. Express 14, 12839-12845 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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  36. S. N. Khonina, V. V. Kotlyar, and V. A. Soifer, “Self-reproduction of multimode Hermite-Gaussian beams,” Tech. Phys. Lett. 25, 489-491 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  37. S. N. Khonina, S. A. Balalayev, R. V. Skidanov, V. V. Kotlyar, B. Paivanranta, and J. Turunen, “Encoded binary diffractive element to form hyper-geometric laser beams,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 11, 065702 (2009).
  38. V. A. Soifer, Methods for Computer Design of Diffractive Optical Elements (Wiley, 2002).

2009 (4)

L. Rao, J. Pu, Z. Chen, and P. Yei, “Focus shaping of cylindrically polarized vortex beams by a high numerical-aperture lens,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 922 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Nizyev, V. P. Yakunin, and N. G. Turkin, “Generation of inhomogeneously polarized modes in a high-power CO2-laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 505-514 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. N. Khonina, S. A. Balalayev, R. V. Skidanov, V. V. Kotlyar, B. Paivanranta, and J. Turunen, “Encoded binary diffractive element to form hyper-geometric laser beams,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 11, 065702 (2009).

Q. Zhan, “Cylindrical vector beams: from mathematical concepts to applications,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 1, 1-57 (2009).

2008 (4)

H. Kawauchi, Y. Kozawa, S. Sato, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, “Simultaneous generation of helical beams with linear and radial polarization by use of a segmented half-wave plate,” Opt. Lett. 33, 399-401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Kohler, T. Haist, X. Schwab, and W. Osten, “Hologram optimization for SLM-based reconstruction with regard to polarization effects,” Opt. Express 16, 14853-14861 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kozawa, S. Sato, T. Sato, Y. Inoue, Y. Ohtera, and S. Kawakami, “Cylindrical vector laser beam generated by the use of a photonic crystal mirror,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 022008 (2008).

V. V. Kotlyar, A. A. Kovalev, and S. S. Stafeev, “Sharp focus area of radially-polarized Gaussian beam propagation through an axicon,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. C 5, 35-43 (2008).

2007 (5)

2006 (4)

2005 (2)

2004 (1)

G. Volpe and D. Petrov, “Generation of cylindrical vector beams with few-mode filigbers excited by Laguerre-Gaussian beams,” Opt. Commun. 237, 89-95 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

R. Dorn, S. Quabis, and G. Leuchs, “Sharper focus for a radially polarized light beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233901 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

2001 (1)

L. Novotny, M. R. Beversluis, K. S. Youngworth, and T. G. Brown, “Longitudinal field modes probed by single molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5251-5254 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (5)

1999 (2)

S. N. Khonina, V. V. Kotlyar, and V. A. Soifer, “Self-reproduction of multimode Hermite-Gaussian beams,” Tech. Phys. Lett. 25, 489-491 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Niziev and A. V. Nesterov, “Influence of beam polarization on laser cutting rfficiency,” J. Phys. D 32, 1455-1461 (1999).

1998 (1)

S. N. Khonina, V. V. Kotlyar, and V. A. Soifer, “Diffraction optical elements matched to the Gauss-Laguerre modes,” Opt. Spectrosc. 85, 636-644 (1998).

1990 (2)

R. D. Romea and W. D. Kimura, “Modeling of inverse Cherenkov laser acceleration with axicon laser beam focusing,” Phys. Rev. D 42, 1807-1818 (1990).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Tidwell, D. H. Ford, and W. D. Kimura, “Generating radially polarized beams interferometrically,” Appl. Opt. 29, 2234-2239 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

Aït-Ameur, K.

Balalayev, S. A.

S. N. Khonina, S. A. Balalayev, R. V. Skidanov, V. V. Kotlyar, B. Paivanranta, and J. Turunen, “Encoded binary diffractive element to form hyper-geometric laser beams,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 11, 065702 (2009).

Beversluis, M. R.

L. Novotny, M. R. Beversluis, K. S. Youngworth, and T. G. Brown, “Longitudinal field modes probed by single molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5251-5254 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Biener, G.

Biss, D. P.

Bomzon, Z.

Brown, T.

Brown, T. G.

Chen, Z.

L. Rao, J. Pu, Z. Chen, and P. Yei, “Focus shaping of cylindrically polarized vortex beams by a high numerical-aperture lens,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 922 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cottrell, D. M.

Davis, J. A.

de Saint Denis, R.

Dorn, R.

R. Dorn, S. Quabis, and G. Leuchs, “Sharper focus for a radially polarized light beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233901 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Glockl, and G. Leuchs, “Focusing light to a tighter spot,” Opt. Commun. 179, 1-7 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Eberler, M.

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Glockl, and G. Leuchs, “Focusing light to a tighter spot,” Opt. Commun. 179, 1-7 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ford, D. H.

Glockl, O.

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Glockl, and G. Leuchs, “Focusing light to a tighter spot,” Opt. Commun. 179, 1-7 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gupta, D. N.

D. N. Gupta, N. Kant, D. E. Kim, and H. Suk, “Electron acceleration to GeV energy by a radially polarized laser,” Phys. Lett. A 368, 402-407 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Haist, T.

Hasman, E.

Hecht, B.

B. Sick, B. Hecht, and L. Novotny, “Orientational imaging of single molecules by annular illumination,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4482-4485 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hierle, R.

Hirayama, T.

Inoue, Y.

Y. Kozawa, S. Sato, T. Sato, Y. Inoue, Y. Ohtera, and S. Kawakami, “Cylindrical vector laser beam generated by the use of a photonic crystal mirror,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 022008 (2008).

Juskaitis, R.

Kant, N.

D. N. Gupta, N. Kant, D. E. Kim, and H. Suk, “Electron acceleration to GeV energy by a radially polarized laser,” Phys. Lett. A 368, 402-407 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kawakami, S.

Y. Kozawa, S. Sato, T. Sato, Y. Inoue, Y. Ohtera, and S. Kawakami, “Cylindrical vector laser beam generated by the use of a photonic crystal mirror,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 022008 (2008).

H. Kawauchi, Y. Kozawa, S. Sato, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, “Simultaneous generation of helical beams with linear and radial polarization by use of a segmented half-wave plate,” Opt. Lett. 33, 399-401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kawauchi, H.

Khonina, S. N.

S. N. Khonina, S. A. Balalayev, R. V. Skidanov, V. V. Kotlyar, B. Paivanranta, and J. Turunen, “Encoded binary diffractive element to form hyper-geometric laser beams,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 11, 065702 (2009).

S. N. Khonina, V. V. Kotlyar, and V. A. Soifer, “Self-reproduction of multimode Hermite-Gaussian beams,” Tech. Phys. Lett. 25, 489-491 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. N. Khonina, V. V. Kotlyar, and V. A. Soifer, “Diffraction optical elements matched to the Gauss-Laguerre modes,” Opt. Spectrosc. 85, 636-644 (1998).

Kim, D. E.

D. N. Gupta, N. Kant, D. E. Kim, and H. Suk, “Electron acceleration to GeV energy by a radially polarized laser,” Phys. Lett. A 368, 402-407 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, W. D.

S. C. Tidwell, D. H. Ford, and W. D. Kimura, “Generating radially polarized beams interferometrically,” Appl. Opt. 29, 2234-2239 (1990).
[CrossRef]

R. D. Romea and W. D. Kimura, “Modeling of inverse Cherenkov laser acceleration with axicon laser beam focusing,” Phys. Rev. D 42, 1807-1818 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kleiner, V.

Kogelnik, H.

Kohler, C.

Kotlyar, V. V.

S. N. Khonina, S. A. Balalayev, R. V. Skidanov, V. V. Kotlyar, B. Paivanranta, and J. Turunen, “Encoded binary diffractive element to form hyper-geometric laser beams,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 11, 065702 (2009).

V. V. Kotlyar, A. A. Kovalev, and S. S. Stafeev, “Sharp focus area of radially-polarized Gaussian beam propagation through an axicon,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. C 5, 35-43 (2008).

S. N. Khonina, V. V. Kotlyar, and V. A. Soifer, “Self-reproduction of multimode Hermite-Gaussian beams,” Tech. Phys. Lett. 25, 489-491 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. N. Khonina, V. V. Kotlyar, and V. A. Soifer, “Diffraction optical elements matched to the Gauss-Laguerre modes,” Opt. Spectrosc. 85, 636-644 (1998).

Kovalev, A. A.

V. V. Kotlyar, A. A. Kovalev, and S. S. Stafeev, “Sharp focus area of radially-polarized Gaussian beam propagation through an axicon,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. C 5, 35-43 (2008).

Kozawa, Y.

Y. Kozawa, S. Sato, T. Sato, Y. Inoue, Y. Ohtera, and S. Kawakami, “Cylindrical vector laser beam generated by the use of a photonic crystal mirror,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 022008 (2008).

H. Kawauchi, Y. Kozawa, S. Sato, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, “Simultaneous generation of helical beams with linear and radial polarization by use of a segmented half-wave plate,” Opt. Lett. 33, 399-401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Kawauchi, K. Yonezawa, Y. Kozawa, and S. Sato, “Calculation of optical trapping forces on a dielectric sphere in the ray optics regime produced by a radially polarized laser beam,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1839-1841 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kozawa and S. Sato, “Sharper focal spot formed by higher-order radially polarized laser beams,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24, 1793-1798 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Yonezawa, Y. Kozawa, and S. Sato, “Compact laser with radial polarization using birefringent laser medium,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 5160-5163 (2007).

T. Hirayama, Y. Kozawa, T. Nakamura, and S. Sato, “Generation of a cylindrically symmetric, polarized laser beam with narrow linewidth and fine tunability,” Opt. Express 14, 12839-12845 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Yonezawa, Y. Kozawa, and S. Sato, “Generation of a radially polarized laser beam by use of the birefringence of a c-cut Nd:YVO4 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 31, 2151-2153 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kozawa and S. Sato, “Generation of a radially polarized laser beam by use of a conical Brewster prism,” Opt. Lett. 30, 3063-3065 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Leger, J. R.

Leuchs, G.

R. Dorn, S. Quabis, and G. Leuchs, “Sharper focus for a radially polarized light beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233901 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Glockl, and G. Leuchs, “Focusing light to a tighter spot,” Opt. Commun. 179, 1-7 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Li, T.

Massoumian, F.

McNamara, D. E.

Nakamura, T.

Neil, M. A. A.

Nesterov, A. V.

V. G. Niziev and A. V. Nesterov, “Influence of beam polarization on laser cutting rfficiency,” J. Phys. D 32, 1455-1461 (1999).

Niv, A.

Niziev, V. G.

V. G. Niziev and A. V. Nesterov, “Influence of beam polarization on laser cutting rfficiency,” J. Phys. D 32, 1455-1461 (1999).

Nizyev, V. G.

V. G. Nizyev, V. P. Yakunin, and N. G. Turkin, “Generation of inhomogeneously polarized modes in a high-power CO2-laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 505-514 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Novotny, L.

L. Novotny, M. R. Beversluis, K. S. Youngworth, and T. G. Brown, “Longitudinal field modes probed by single molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5251-5254 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. Sick, B. Hecht, and L. Novotny, “Orientational imaging of single molecules by annular illumination,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4482-4485 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ohtera, Y.

Y. Kozawa, S. Sato, T. Sato, Y. Inoue, Y. Ohtera, and S. Kawakami, “Cylindrical vector laser beam generated by the use of a photonic crystal mirror,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 022008 (2008).

Osten, W.

Paivanranta, B.

S. N. Khonina, S. A. Balalayev, R. V. Skidanov, V. V. Kotlyar, B. Paivanranta, and J. Turunen, “Encoded binary diffractive element to form hyper-geometric laser beams,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 11, 065702 (2009).

Passilly, N.

Petrov, D.

G. Volpe and D. Petrov, “Generation of cylindrical vector beams with few-mode filigbers excited by Laguerre-Gaussian beams,” Opt. Commun. 237, 89-95 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pu, J.

L. Rao, J. Pu, Z. Chen, and P. Yei, “Focus shaping of cylindrically polarized vortex beams by a high numerical-aperture lens,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 922 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Quabis, S.

R. Dorn, S. Quabis, and G. Leuchs, “Sharper focus for a radially polarized light beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233901 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Glockl, and G. Leuchs, “Focusing light to a tighter spot,” Opt. Commun. 179, 1-7 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rao, L.

L. Rao, J. Pu, Z. Chen, and P. Yei, “Focus shaping of cylindrically polarized vortex beams by a high numerical-aperture lens,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 922 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Roch, J.-F.

Romea, R. D.

R. D. Romea and W. D. Kimura, “Modeling of inverse Cherenkov laser acceleration with axicon laser beam focusing,” Phys. Rev. D 42, 1807-1818 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sato, S.

H. Kawauchi, Y. Kozawa, S. Sato, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, “Simultaneous generation of helical beams with linear and radial polarization by use of a segmented half-wave plate,” Opt. Lett. 33, 399-401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kozawa, S. Sato, T. Sato, Y. Inoue, Y. Ohtera, and S. Kawakami, “Cylindrical vector laser beam generated by the use of a photonic crystal mirror,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 022008 (2008).

H. Kawauchi, K. Yonezawa, Y. Kozawa, and S. Sato, “Calculation of optical trapping forces on a dielectric sphere in the ray optics regime produced by a radially polarized laser beam,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1839-1841 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kozawa and S. Sato, “Sharper focal spot formed by higher-order radially polarized laser beams,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24, 1793-1798 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Yonezawa, Y. Kozawa, and S. Sato, “Compact laser with radial polarization using birefringent laser medium,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 5160-5163 (2007).

T. Hirayama, Y. Kozawa, T. Nakamura, and S. Sato, “Generation of a cylindrically symmetric, polarized laser beam with narrow linewidth and fine tunability,” Opt. Express 14, 12839-12845 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Yonezawa, Y. Kozawa, and S. Sato, “Generation of a radially polarized laser beam by use of the birefringence of a c-cut Nd:YVO4 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 31, 2151-2153 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kozawa and S. Sato, “Generation of a radially polarized laser beam by use of a conical Brewster prism,” Opt. Lett. 30, 3063-3065 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sato, T.

Y. Kozawa, S. Sato, T. Sato, Y. Inoue, Y. Ohtera, and S. Kawakami, “Cylindrical vector laser beam generated by the use of a photonic crystal mirror,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 022008 (2008).

H. Kawauchi, Y. Kozawa, S. Sato, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, “Simultaneous generation of helical beams with linear and radial polarization by use of a segmented half-wave plate,” Opt. Lett. 33, 399-401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schwab, X.

Sick, B.

B. Sick, B. Hecht, and L. Novotny, “Orientational imaging of single molecules by annular illumination,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4482-4485 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Skidanov, R. V.

S. N. Khonina, S. A. Balalayev, R. V. Skidanov, V. V. Kotlyar, B. Paivanranta, and J. Turunen, “Encoded binary diffractive element to form hyper-geometric laser beams,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 11, 065702 (2009).

Soifer, V. A.

S. N. Khonina, V. V. Kotlyar, and V. A. Soifer, “Self-reproduction of multimode Hermite-Gaussian beams,” Tech. Phys. Lett. 25, 489-491 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. N. Khonina, V. V. Kotlyar, and V. A. Soifer, “Diffraction optical elements matched to the Gauss-Laguerre modes,” Opt. Spectrosc. 85, 636-644 (1998).

V. A. Soifer, Methods for Computer Design of Diffractive Optical Elements (Wiley, 2002).

Sonehara, T.

Stafeev, S. S.

V. V. Kotlyar, A. A. Kovalev, and S. S. Stafeev, “Sharp focus area of radially-polarized Gaussian beam propagation through an axicon,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. C 5, 35-43 (2008).

Suk, H.

D. N. Gupta, N. Kant, D. E. Kim, and H. Suk, “Electron acceleration to GeV energy by a radially polarized laser,” Phys. Lett. A 368, 402-407 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tan, B.

K. Venkatakrishnan and B. Tan, “Interconnect microvia drilling with a radially polarized laser beam,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 16, 2603-2607 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tidwell, S. C.

Treussart, F.

Turkin, N. G.

V. G. Nizyev, V. P. Yakunin, and N. G. Turkin, “Generation of inhomogeneously polarized modes in a high-power CO2-laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 505-514 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Turunen, J.

S. N. Khonina, S. A. Balalayev, R. V. Skidanov, V. V. Kotlyar, B. Paivanranta, and J. Turunen, “Encoded binary diffractive element to form hyper-geometric laser beams,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 11, 065702 (2009).

Venkatakrishnan, K.

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V. G. Nizyev, V. P. Yakunin, and N. G. Turkin, “Generation of inhomogeneously polarized modes in a high-power CO2-laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 505-514 (2009).
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K. Venkatakrishnan and B. Tan, “Interconnect microvia drilling with a radially polarized laser beam,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 16, 2603-2607 (2006).
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J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

S. N. Khonina, S. A. Balalayev, R. V. Skidanov, V. V. Kotlyar, B. Paivanranta, and J. Turunen, “Encoded binary diffractive element to form hyper-geometric laser beams,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 11, 065702 (2009).

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