Abstract

A snapshot imaging polarimeter utilizing Savart plates is integrated into a fundus camera for retinal imaging. Acquired retinal images can be processed to reconstruct Stokes vector images, giving insight into the polarization properties of the retina. Results for images from a normal healthy retina and retinas with pathology are examined and compared.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. Luo, K. Oka, E. DeHoog, M. Kudenov, J. Schwiegerling, and E. L. Dereniak, “Compact and miniature imaging polarimeter,” Appl. Opt. 47, 4413-4417 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. Oka and N. Saito, “Snapshot complete imaging polarimeter using Savart plates,” Proc. SPIE 6295, 629508 (2006).
  3. G. L. Trick, F. Y. Calotti, and B. Skarf, “Advances in imaging of the optic disc and retinal nerve fiber layer,” J. Neuro-Ophthalmol. 26, 284-295 (2006).
  4. S. Kremmer, H. D. Ayertey, J. M. Selbach, and K. Steuhl, “Scanning laser polarimetry, retinal nerve fiber layer photography, and perimetry in the diagnosis of glaucomatous nerve fiber defects,” Graefes Arch. Clin. Exp. Ophthalmol. 238, 922-926 (2000).
  5. K. Mohammadi, C. Bowd, R. N. Weinreb, F. A. Medeiros, P. A. Sample, and L. M. Zangwil, “Retinal nerve fiber layer thickness measurements with scanning laser polarimetry predict glaucomatous visual field loss,” Am. J. Opthalmol. 138, 592-601 (2004).
  6. Q. Zhou, J. Reed, R. Betts, P. Trost, P. Lo, C. Wallace, R. Bienias, G. Li, R. Winnick, W. Papworth, and M. Sinai, “Detection of glaucomatous retinal nerve fiber layer damage by scanning laser polarimetry with variable corneal compensation,” Proc. SPIE 4951, 32-41 (2003).
  7. J. Porter, H. Queener, J. Lin, K. Thorn, and A. Awwal, Adaptive Optics for Vision Science (Wiley-Interscience, 2006), Chap. 9.
  8. D. A. Atchison and G. Smith, Optics of the Human Eye (Butterworth-Heinemann, 2000).
  9. M. A. Murphy, E. M. Perlman, J. M. Rogg, D. J. Easton, and J. S. Schman, “Reversible carotid artery narrowing morning glory disc anomaly,” J. Neuro-Ophthalmol. 25, 198-201 (2005).
  10. S. Lim, Colour Atlas of Ophthalmology (World Scientific, 1995).

2008

2006

K. Oka and N. Saito, “Snapshot complete imaging polarimeter using Savart plates,” Proc. SPIE 6295, 629508 (2006).

G. L. Trick, F. Y. Calotti, and B. Skarf, “Advances in imaging of the optic disc and retinal nerve fiber layer,” J. Neuro-Ophthalmol. 26, 284-295 (2006).

2005

M. A. Murphy, E. M. Perlman, J. M. Rogg, D. J. Easton, and J. S. Schman, “Reversible carotid artery narrowing morning glory disc anomaly,” J. Neuro-Ophthalmol. 25, 198-201 (2005).

2004

K. Mohammadi, C. Bowd, R. N. Weinreb, F. A. Medeiros, P. A. Sample, and L. M. Zangwil, “Retinal nerve fiber layer thickness measurements with scanning laser polarimetry predict glaucomatous visual field loss,” Am. J. Opthalmol. 138, 592-601 (2004).

2003

Q. Zhou, J. Reed, R. Betts, P. Trost, P. Lo, C. Wallace, R. Bienias, G. Li, R. Winnick, W. Papworth, and M. Sinai, “Detection of glaucomatous retinal nerve fiber layer damage by scanning laser polarimetry with variable corneal compensation,” Proc. SPIE 4951, 32-41 (2003).

2000

S. Kremmer, H. D. Ayertey, J. M. Selbach, and K. Steuhl, “Scanning laser polarimetry, retinal nerve fiber layer photography, and perimetry in the diagnosis of glaucomatous nerve fiber defects,” Graefes Arch. Clin. Exp. Ophthalmol. 238, 922-926 (2000).

Atchison, D. A.

D. A. Atchison and G. Smith, Optics of the Human Eye (Butterworth-Heinemann, 2000).

Awwal, A.

J. Porter, H. Queener, J. Lin, K. Thorn, and A. Awwal, Adaptive Optics for Vision Science (Wiley-Interscience, 2006), Chap. 9.

Ayertey, H. D.

S. Kremmer, H. D. Ayertey, J. M. Selbach, and K. Steuhl, “Scanning laser polarimetry, retinal nerve fiber layer photography, and perimetry in the diagnosis of glaucomatous nerve fiber defects,” Graefes Arch. Clin. Exp. Ophthalmol. 238, 922-926 (2000).

Betts, R.

Q. Zhou, J. Reed, R. Betts, P. Trost, P. Lo, C. Wallace, R. Bienias, G. Li, R. Winnick, W. Papworth, and M. Sinai, “Detection of glaucomatous retinal nerve fiber layer damage by scanning laser polarimetry with variable corneal compensation,” Proc. SPIE 4951, 32-41 (2003).

Bienias, R.

Q. Zhou, J. Reed, R. Betts, P. Trost, P. Lo, C. Wallace, R. Bienias, G. Li, R. Winnick, W. Papworth, and M. Sinai, “Detection of glaucomatous retinal nerve fiber layer damage by scanning laser polarimetry with variable corneal compensation,” Proc. SPIE 4951, 32-41 (2003).

Bowd, C.

K. Mohammadi, C. Bowd, R. N. Weinreb, F. A. Medeiros, P. A. Sample, and L. M. Zangwil, “Retinal nerve fiber layer thickness measurements with scanning laser polarimetry predict glaucomatous visual field loss,” Am. J. Opthalmol. 138, 592-601 (2004).

Calotti, F. Y.

G. L. Trick, F. Y. Calotti, and B. Skarf, “Advances in imaging of the optic disc and retinal nerve fiber layer,” J. Neuro-Ophthalmol. 26, 284-295 (2006).

DeHoog, E.

Dereniak, E. L.

Easton, D. J.

M. A. Murphy, E. M. Perlman, J. M. Rogg, D. J. Easton, and J. S. Schman, “Reversible carotid artery narrowing morning glory disc anomaly,” J. Neuro-Ophthalmol. 25, 198-201 (2005).

Kremmer, S.

S. Kremmer, H. D. Ayertey, J. M. Selbach, and K. Steuhl, “Scanning laser polarimetry, retinal nerve fiber layer photography, and perimetry in the diagnosis of glaucomatous nerve fiber defects,” Graefes Arch. Clin. Exp. Ophthalmol. 238, 922-926 (2000).

Kudenov, M.

Li, G.

Q. Zhou, J. Reed, R. Betts, P. Trost, P. Lo, C. Wallace, R. Bienias, G. Li, R. Winnick, W. Papworth, and M. Sinai, “Detection of glaucomatous retinal nerve fiber layer damage by scanning laser polarimetry with variable corneal compensation,” Proc. SPIE 4951, 32-41 (2003).

Lim, S.

S. Lim, Colour Atlas of Ophthalmology (World Scientific, 1995).

Lin, J.

J. Porter, H. Queener, J. Lin, K. Thorn, and A. Awwal, Adaptive Optics for Vision Science (Wiley-Interscience, 2006), Chap. 9.

Lo, P.

Q. Zhou, J. Reed, R. Betts, P. Trost, P. Lo, C. Wallace, R. Bienias, G. Li, R. Winnick, W. Papworth, and M. Sinai, “Detection of glaucomatous retinal nerve fiber layer damage by scanning laser polarimetry with variable corneal compensation,” Proc. SPIE 4951, 32-41 (2003).

Luo, H.

Medeiros, F. A.

K. Mohammadi, C. Bowd, R. N. Weinreb, F. A. Medeiros, P. A. Sample, and L. M. Zangwil, “Retinal nerve fiber layer thickness measurements with scanning laser polarimetry predict glaucomatous visual field loss,” Am. J. Opthalmol. 138, 592-601 (2004).

Mohammadi, K.

K. Mohammadi, C. Bowd, R. N. Weinreb, F. A. Medeiros, P. A. Sample, and L. M. Zangwil, “Retinal nerve fiber layer thickness measurements with scanning laser polarimetry predict glaucomatous visual field loss,” Am. J. Opthalmol. 138, 592-601 (2004).

Murphy, M. A.

M. A. Murphy, E. M. Perlman, J. M. Rogg, D. J. Easton, and J. S. Schman, “Reversible carotid artery narrowing morning glory disc anomaly,” J. Neuro-Ophthalmol. 25, 198-201 (2005).

Oka, K.

H. Luo, K. Oka, E. DeHoog, M. Kudenov, J. Schwiegerling, and E. L. Dereniak, “Compact and miniature imaging polarimeter,” Appl. Opt. 47, 4413-4417 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Oka and N. Saito, “Snapshot complete imaging polarimeter using Savart plates,” Proc. SPIE 6295, 629508 (2006).

Papworth, W.

Q. Zhou, J. Reed, R. Betts, P. Trost, P. Lo, C. Wallace, R. Bienias, G. Li, R. Winnick, W. Papworth, and M. Sinai, “Detection of glaucomatous retinal nerve fiber layer damage by scanning laser polarimetry with variable corneal compensation,” Proc. SPIE 4951, 32-41 (2003).

Perlman, E. M.

M. A. Murphy, E. M. Perlman, J. M. Rogg, D. J. Easton, and J. S. Schman, “Reversible carotid artery narrowing morning glory disc anomaly,” J. Neuro-Ophthalmol. 25, 198-201 (2005).

Porter, J.

J. Porter, H. Queener, J. Lin, K. Thorn, and A. Awwal, Adaptive Optics for Vision Science (Wiley-Interscience, 2006), Chap. 9.

Queener, H.

J. Porter, H. Queener, J. Lin, K. Thorn, and A. Awwal, Adaptive Optics for Vision Science (Wiley-Interscience, 2006), Chap. 9.

Reed, J.

Q. Zhou, J. Reed, R. Betts, P. Trost, P. Lo, C. Wallace, R. Bienias, G. Li, R. Winnick, W. Papworth, and M. Sinai, “Detection of glaucomatous retinal nerve fiber layer damage by scanning laser polarimetry with variable corneal compensation,” Proc. SPIE 4951, 32-41 (2003).

Rogg, J. M.

M. A. Murphy, E. M. Perlman, J. M. Rogg, D. J. Easton, and J. S. Schman, “Reversible carotid artery narrowing morning glory disc anomaly,” J. Neuro-Ophthalmol. 25, 198-201 (2005).

Saito, N.

K. Oka and N. Saito, “Snapshot complete imaging polarimeter using Savart plates,” Proc. SPIE 6295, 629508 (2006).

Sample, P. A.

K. Mohammadi, C. Bowd, R. N. Weinreb, F. A. Medeiros, P. A. Sample, and L. M. Zangwil, “Retinal nerve fiber layer thickness measurements with scanning laser polarimetry predict glaucomatous visual field loss,” Am. J. Opthalmol. 138, 592-601 (2004).

Schman, J. S.

M. A. Murphy, E. M. Perlman, J. M. Rogg, D. J. Easton, and J. S. Schman, “Reversible carotid artery narrowing morning glory disc anomaly,” J. Neuro-Ophthalmol. 25, 198-201 (2005).

Schwiegerling, J.

Selbach, J. M.

S. Kremmer, H. D. Ayertey, J. M. Selbach, and K. Steuhl, “Scanning laser polarimetry, retinal nerve fiber layer photography, and perimetry in the diagnosis of glaucomatous nerve fiber defects,” Graefes Arch. Clin. Exp. Ophthalmol. 238, 922-926 (2000).

Sinai, M.

Q. Zhou, J. Reed, R. Betts, P. Trost, P. Lo, C. Wallace, R. Bienias, G. Li, R. Winnick, W. Papworth, and M. Sinai, “Detection of glaucomatous retinal nerve fiber layer damage by scanning laser polarimetry with variable corneal compensation,” Proc. SPIE 4951, 32-41 (2003).

Skarf, B.

G. L. Trick, F. Y. Calotti, and B. Skarf, “Advances in imaging of the optic disc and retinal nerve fiber layer,” J. Neuro-Ophthalmol. 26, 284-295 (2006).

Smith, G.

D. A. Atchison and G. Smith, Optics of the Human Eye (Butterworth-Heinemann, 2000).

Steuhl, K.

S. Kremmer, H. D. Ayertey, J. M. Selbach, and K. Steuhl, “Scanning laser polarimetry, retinal nerve fiber layer photography, and perimetry in the diagnosis of glaucomatous nerve fiber defects,” Graefes Arch. Clin. Exp. Ophthalmol. 238, 922-926 (2000).

Thorn, K.

J. Porter, H. Queener, J. Lin, K. Thorn, and A. Awwal, Adaptive Optics for Vision Science (Wiley-Interscience, 2006), Chap. 9.

Trick, G. L.

G. L. Trick, F. Y. Calotti, and B. Skarf, “Advances in imaging of the optic disc and retinal nerve fiber layer,” J. Neuro-Ophthalmol. 26, 284-295 (2006).

Trost, P.

Q. Zhou, J. Reed, R. Betts, P. Trost, P. Lo, C. Wallace, R. Bienias, G. Li, R. Winnick, W. Papworth, and M. Sinai, “Detection of glaucomatous retinal nerve fiber layer damage by scanning laser polarimetry with variable corneal compensation,” Proc. SPIE 4951, 32-41 (2003).

Wallace, C.

Q. Zhou, J. Reed, R. Betts, P. Trost, P. Lo, C. Wallace, R. Bienias, G. Li, R. Winnick, W. Papworth, and M. Sinai, “Detection of glaucomatous retinal nerve fiber layer damage by scanning laser polarimetry with variable corneal compensation,” Proc. SPIE 4951, 32-41 (2003).

Weinreb, R. N.

K. Mohammadi, C. Bowd, R. N. Weinreb, F. A. Medeiros, P. A. Sample, and L. M. Zangwil, “Retinal nerve fiber layer thickness measurements with scanning laser polarimetry predict glaucomatous visual field loss,” Am. J. Opthalmol. 138, 592-601 (2004).

Winnick, R.

Q. Zhou, J. Reed, R. Betts, P. Trost, P. Lo, C. Wallace, R. Bienias, G. Li, R. Winnick, W. Papworth, and M. Sinai, “Detection of glaucomatous retinal nerve fiber layer damage by scanning laser polarimetry with variable corneal compensation,” Proc. SPIE 4951, 32-41 (2003).

Zangwil, L. M.

K. Mohammadi, C. Bowd, R. N. Weinreb, F. A. Medeiros, P. A. Sample, and L. M. Zangwil, “Retinal nerve fiber layer thickness measurements with scanning laser polarimetry predict glaucomatous visual field loss,” Am. J. Opthalmol. 138, 592-601 (2004).

Zhou, Q.

Q. Zhou, J. Reed, R. Betts, P. Trost, P. Lo, C. Wallace, R. Bienias, G. Li, R. Winnick, W. Papworth, and M. Sinai, “Detection of glaucomatous retinal nerve fiber layer damage by scanning laser polarimetry with variable corneal compensation,” Proc. SPIE 4951, 32-41 (2003).

Am. J. Opthalmol.

K. Mohammadi, C. Bowd, R. N. Weinreb, F. A. Medeiros, P. A. Sample, and L. M. Zangwil, “Retinal nerve fiber layer thickness measurements with scanning laser polarimetry predict glaucomatous visual field loss,” Am. J. Opthalmol. 138, 592-601 (2004).

Appl. Opt.

Graefes Arch. Clin. Exp. Ophthalmol.

S. Kremmer, H. D. Ayertey, J. M. Selbach, and K. Steuhl, “Scanning laser polarimetry, retinal nerve fiber layer photography, and perimetry in the diagnosis of glaucomatous nerve fiber defects,” Graefes Arch. Clin. Exp. Ophthalmol. 238, 922-926 (2000).

J. Neuro-Ophthalmol.

G. L. Trick, F. Y. Calotti, and B. Skarf, “Advances in imaging of the optic disc and retinal nerve fiber layer,” J. Neuro-Ophthalmol. 26, 284-295 (2006).

M. A. Murphy, E. M. Perlman, J. M. Rogg, D. J. Easton, and J. S. Schman, “Reversible carotid artery narrowing morning glory disc anomaly,” J. Neuro-Ophthalmol. 25, 198-201 (2005).

Proc. SPIE

K. Oka and N. Saito, “Snapshot complete imaging polarimeter using Savart plates,” Proc. SPIE 6295, 629508 (2006).

Q. Zhou, J. Reed, R. Betts, P. Trost, P. Lo, C. Wallace, R. Bienias, G. Li, R. Winnick, W. Papworth, and M. Sinai, “Detection of glaucomatous retinal nerve fiber layer damage by scanning laser polarimetry with variable corneal compensation,” Proc. SPIE 4951, 32-41 (2003).

Other

J. Porter, H. Queener, J. Lin, K. Thorn, and A. Awwal, Adaptive Optics for Vision Science (Wiley-Interscience, 2006), Chap. 9.

D. A. Atchison and G. Smith, Optics of the Human Eye (Butterworth-Heinemann, 2000).

S. Lim, Colour Atlas of Ophthalmology (World Scientific, 1995).

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