Abstract

Nonlinear optical absorption of single-wall carbon nanotubes in carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) thin polymer film has been studied by the Z-scan method. Nonlinear saturated absorption at λ=1080nm was registered with saturation intensity of 170MW/cm2. Ultrashort pulses with duration of 3ps were generated at λ=1055nm using this composite polymer film as a saturable absorber for passive mode locking in a neodymium glass laser.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, “Mode-locked fiber lasers based on a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2003), Vol. 87, paper PD44.
  3. S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, “Saturable absorbers incorporating carbon nanotubes directly synthesized onto substrates and fibers and their application to mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1581-1583 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6177 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, “177 fs erbium-doped fiber mode locked with a cellulose polymer film containing single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 171113 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Liu, M. J. Casavant, M. Cox, D. A. Walters, P. Boul, W. Lu, A. J. Rimberg, K. A. Smith, D. T. Colbert, and R. E. Smalley, “Controlled deposition of individual single-walled carbon nanotubes on chemically functionalized templates,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 303, 125-129 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, H. Kataura, S. Matsuzaki, K. Ishida, Y. Achiba, and M. Tokumoto, “Anisotropic saturable absorption of single-wall carbon nanotubes aligned in polyvinyl alcohol,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 405, 288-293 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. I. Elim, W. Ji, G. H. Ma, K. Y. Lim, C. H. Sow, and C. H. A. Huan, “Ultrafast absorptive and refractive nonlinearities in multiwalled carbon nanotube films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 851799-1801 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. He, W. Ji, G. H. Ma, S. H. Tang, H. I. Elim, W. X. Sun, Z. H. Zhang, and W. S. Chin, “Excitonic nonlinear absorption in CdS nanocrystals studied using Z-scan technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 6381-6386 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. V. Prakash, M. Cazzanelli, Z. Gaburro, L. Pavesi, F. Iacona, G. Franzò, and F. Priolo, “Nonlinear optical properties of silicon nanocrystals grown by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4607-4610 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, H. Lim, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, and F. Rotermund, “Fabrication and characterization of ultrafast carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for solid-state laser mode locking near 1 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 161106 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  12. С. Kolmeder and W. Zinth, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of a passively mode-locked Nd:glass laser,” Appl. Phys. A 24, 341-348 (1981).
  13. H. A. Haus, “Mode-locking of lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173-1185 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. Kumazaki, V. Kubecek, Y. Takagi, G. C. Reali, and K. Yoshihara, “Feedback-controlled mode-locking of Nd:glass laser using GaAs,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, L413-L415 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  15. D. J. Bradley, W. Sibbett, “Streak-camera studies of picosecond pulses from a mode-locked Nd:glass laser,” Opt. Commun. 9, 17-20 (1973).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (2)

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, “177 fs erbium-doped fiber mode locked with a cellulose polymer film containing single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 171113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, H. Lim, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, and F. Rotermund, “Fabrication and characterization of ultrafast carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for solid-state laser mode locking near 1 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 161106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, H. Kataura, S. Matsuzaki, K. Ishida, Y. Achiba, and M. Tokumoto, “Anisotropic saturable absorption of single-wall carbon nanotubes aligned in polyvinyl alcohol,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 405, 288-293 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (4)

H. I. Elim, W. Ji, G. H. Ma, K. Y. Lim, C. H. Sow, and C. H. A. Huan, “Ultrafast absorptive and refractive nonlinearities in multiwalled carbon nanotube films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 851799-1801 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. He, W. Ji, G. H. Ma, S. H. Tang, H. I. Elim, W. X. Sun, Z. H. Zhang, and W. S. Chin, “Excitonic nonlinear absorption in CdS nanocrystals studied using Z-scan technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 6381-6386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, “Saturable absorbers incorporating carbon nanotubes directly synthesized onto substrates and fibers and their application to mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1581-1583 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. V. Prakash, M. Cazzanelli, Z. Gaburro, L. Pavesi, F. Iacona, G. Franzò, and F. Priolo, “Nonlinear optical properties of silicon nanocrystals grown by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4607-4610 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

H. A. Haus, “Mode-locking of lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173-1185 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

J. Liu, M. J. Casavant, M. Cox, D. A. Walters, P. Boul, W. Lu, A. J. Rimberg, K. A. Smith, D. T. Colbert, and R. E. Smalley, “Controlled deposition of individual single-walled carbon nanotubes on chemically functionalized templates,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 303, 125-129 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

S. Kumazaki, V. Kubecek, Y. Takagi, G. C. Reali, and K. Yoshihara, “Feedback-controlled mode-locking of Nd:glass laser using GaAs,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, L413-L415 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

С. Kolmeder and W. Zinth, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of a passively mode-locked Nd:glass laser,” Appl. Phys. A 24, 341-348 (1981).

1973 (1)

D. J. Bradley, W. Sibbett, “Streak-camera studies of picosecond pulses from a mode-locked Nd:glass laser,” Opt. Commun. 9, 17-20 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Achiba, Y.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, H. Kataura, S. Matsuzaki, K. Ishida, Y. Achiba, and M. Tokumoto, “Anisotropic saturable absorption of single-wall carbon nanotubes aligned in polyvinyl alcohol,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 405, 288-293 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, “Mode-locked fiber lasers based on a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2003), Vol. 87, paper PD44.

Ahn, Y. H.

J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, H. Lim, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, and F. Rotermund, “Fabrication and characterization of ultrafast carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for solid-state laser mode locking near 1 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 161106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ajayan, P. M.

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Boul, P.

J. Liu, M. J. Casavant, M. Cox, D. A. Walters, P. Boul, W. Lu, A. J. Rimberg, K. A. Smith, D. T. Colbert, and R. E. Smalley, “Controlled deposition of individual single-walled carbon nanotubes on chemically functionalized templates,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 303, 125-129 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bradley, D. J.

D. J. Bradley, W. Sibbett, “Streak-camera studies of picosecond pulses from a mode-locked Nd:glass laser,” Opt. Commun. 9, 17-20 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Casavant, M. J.

J. Liu, M. J. Casavant, M. Cox, D. A. Walters, P. Boul, W. Lu, A. J. Rimberg, K. A. Smith, D. T. Colbert, and R. E. Smalley, “Controlled deposition of individual single-walled carbon nanotubes on chemically functionalized templates,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 303, 125-129 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cazzanelli, M.

G. V. Prakash, M. Cazzanelli, Z. Gaburro, L. Pavesi, F. Iacona, G. Franzò, and F. Priolo, “Nonlinear optical properties of silicon nanocrystals grown by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4607-4610 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. C.

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chernov, A. I.

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, “177 fs erbium-doped fiber mode locked with a cellulose polymer film containing single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 171113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chin, W. S.

J. He, W. Ji, G. H. Ma, S. H. Tang, H. I. Elim, W. X. Sun, Z. H. Zhang, and W. S. Chin, “Excitonic nonlinear absorption in CdS nanocrystals studied using Z-scan technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 6381-6386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cho, W. B.

J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, H. Lim, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, and F. Rotermund, “Fabrication and characterization of ultrafast carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for solid-state laser mode locking near 1 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 161106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Colbert, D. T.

J. Liu, M. J. Casavant, M. Cox, D. A. Walters, P. Boul, W. Lu, A. J. Rimberg, K. A. Smith, D. T. Colbert, and R. E. Smalley, “Controlled deposition of individual single-walled carbon nanotubes on chemically functionalized templates,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 303, 125-129 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cox, M.

J. Liu, M. J. Casavant, M. Cox, D. A. Walters, P. Boul, W. Lu, A. J. Rimberg, K. A. Smith, D. T. Colbert, and R. E. Smalley, “Controlled deposition of individual single-walled carbon nanotubes on chemically functionalized templates,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 303, 125-129 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, “177 fs erbium-doped fiber mode locked with a cellulose polymer film containing single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 171113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Elim, H. I.

H. I. Elim, W. Ji, G. H. Ma, K. Y. Lim, C. H. Sow, and C. H. A. Huan, “Ultrafast absorptive and refractive nonlinearities in multiwalled carbon nanotube films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 851799-1801 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. He, W. Ji, G. H. Ma, S. H. Tang, H. I. Elim, W. X. Sun, Z. H. Zhang, and W. S. Chin, “Excitonic nonlinear absorption in CdS nanocrystals studied using Z-scan technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 6381-6386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Franzò, G.

G. V. Prakash, M. Cazzanelli, Z. Gaburro, L. Pavesi, F. Iacona, G. Franzò, and F. Priolo, “Nonlinear optical properties of silicon nanocrystals grown by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4607-4610 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gaburro, Z.

G. V. Prakash, M. Cazzanelli, Z. Gaburro, L. Pavesi, F. Iacona, G. Franzò, and F. Priolo, “Nonlinear optical properties of silicon nanocrystals grown by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4607-4610 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Griebner, U.

J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, H. Lim, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, and F. Rotermund, “Fabrication and characterization of ultrafast carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for solid-state laser mode locking near 1 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 161106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Grudinin, A.

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, “Mode-locking of lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173-1185 (2000).
[CrossRef]

He, J.

J. He, W. Ji, G. H. Ma, S. H. Tang, H. I. Elim, W. X. Sun, Z. H. Zhang, and W. S. Chin, “Excitonic nonlinear absorption in CdS nanocrystals studied using Z-scan technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 6381-6386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Huan, C. H. A.

H. I. Elim, W. Ji, G. H. Ma, K. Y. Lim, C. H. Sow, and C. H. A. Huan, “Ultrafast absorptive and refractive nonlinearities in multiwalled carbon nanotube films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 851799-1801 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Iacona, F.

G. V. Prakash, M. Cazzanelli, Z. Gaburro, L. Pavesi, F. Iacona, G. Franzò, and F. Priolo, “Nonlinear optical properties of silicon nanocrystals grown by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4607-4610 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, Y.

Ishida, K.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, H. Kataura, S. Matsuzaki, K. Ishida, Y. Achiba, and M. Tokumoto, “Anisotropic saturable absorption of single-wall carbon nanotubes aligned in polyvinyl alcohol,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 405, 288-293 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jablonski, M.

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, “Saturable absorbers incorporating carbon nanotubes directly synthesized onto substrates and fibers and their application to mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1581-1583 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, “Mode-locked fiber lasers based on a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2003), Vol. 87, paper PD44.

Ji, W.

H. I. Elim, W. Ji, G. H. Ma, K. Y. Lim, C. H. Sow, and C. H. A. Huan, “Ultrafast absorptive and refractive nonlinearities in multiwalled carbon nanotube films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 851799-1801 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. He, W. Ji, G. H. Ma, S. H. Tang, H. I. Elim, W. X. Sun, Z. H. Zhang, and W. S. Chin, “Excitonic nonlinear absorption in CdS nanocrystals studied using Z-scan technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 6381-6386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kataura, H.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, H. Kataura, S. Matsuzaki, K. Ishida, Y. Achiba, and M. Tokumoto, “Anisotropic saturable absorption of single-wall carbon nanotubes aligned in polyvinyl alcohol,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 405, 288-293 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, “Mode-locked fiber lasers based on a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2003), Vol. 87, paper PD44.

Kikuchi, K.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, “Mode-locked fiber lasers based on a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2003), Vol. 87, paper PD44.

Kim, K.

J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, H. Lim, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, and F. Rotermund, “Fabrication and characterization of ultrafast carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for solid-state laser mode locking near 1 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 161106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kolmeder, ?.

С. Kolmeder and W. Zinth, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of a passively mode-locked Nd:glass laser,” Appl. Phys. A 24, 341-348 (1981).

Konov, V. I.

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, “177 fs erbium-doped fiber mode locked with a cellulose polymer film containing single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 171113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kryukov, P. G.

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, “177 fs erbium-doped fiber mode locked with a cellulose polymer film containing single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 171113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kubecek, V.

S. Kumazaki, V. Kubecek, Y. Takagi, G. C. Reali, and K. Yoshihara, “Feedback-controlled mode-locking of Nd:glass laser using GaAs,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, L413-L415 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kumazaki, S.

S. Kumazaki, V. Kubecek, Y. Takagi, G. C. Reali, and K. Yoshihara, “Feedback-controlled mode-locking of Nd:glass laser using GaAs,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, L413-L415 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, H. Lim, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, and F. Rotermund, “Fabrication and characterization of ultrafast carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for solid-state laser mode locking near 1 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 161106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lim, H.

J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, H. Lim, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, and F. Rotermund, “Fabrication and characterization of ultrafast carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for solid-state laser mode locking near 1 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 161106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lim, K. Y.

H. I. Elim, W. Ji, G. H. Ma, K. Y. Lim, C. H. Sow, and C. H. A. Huan, “Ultrafast absorptive and refractive nonlinearities in multiwalled carbon nanotube films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 851799-1801 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

J. Liu, M. J. Casavant, M. Cox, D. A. Walters, P. Boul, W. Lu, A. J. Rimberg, K. A. Smith, D. T. Colbert, and R. E. Smalley, “Controlled deposition of individual single-walled carbon nanotubes on chemically functionalized templates,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 303, 125-129 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lobach, A. S.

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, “177 fs erbium-doped fiber mode locked with a cellulose polymer film containing single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 171113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lu, T.-M.

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lu, W.

J. Liu, M. J. Casavant, M. Cox, D. A. Walters, P. Boul, W. Lu, A. J. Rimberg, K. A. Smith, D. T. Colbert, and R. E. Smalley, “Controlled deposition of individual single-walled carbon nanotubes on chemically functionalized templates,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 303, 125-129 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ma, G. H.

H. I. Elim, W. Ji, G. H. Ma, K. Y. Lim, C. H. Sow, and C. H. A. Huan, “Ultrafast absorptive and refractive nonlinearities in multiwalled carbon nanotube films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 851799-1801 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. He, W. Ji, G. H. Ma, S. H. Tang, H. I. Elim, W. X. Sun, Z. H. Zhang, and W. S. Chin, “Excitonic nonlinear absorption in CdS nanocrystals studied using Z-scan technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 6381-6386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Maruyama, S.

Matsuzaki, S.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, H. Kataura, S. Matsuzaki, K. Ishida, Y. Achiba, and M. Tokumoto, “Anisotropic saturable absorption of single-wall carbon nanotubes aligned in polyvinyl alcohol,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 405, 288-293 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Murakami, Y.

Obraztsova, E. D.

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, “177 fs erbium-doped fiber mode locked with a cellulose polymer film containing single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 171113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Okhotnikov, O.

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pavesi, L.

G. V. Prakash, M. Cazzanelli, Z. Gaburro, L. Pavesi, F. Iacona, G. Franzò, and F. Priolo, “Nonlinear optical properties of silicon nanocrystals grown by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4607-4610 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pessa, M.

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, H. Lim, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, and F. Rotermund, “Fabrication and characterization of ultrafast carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for solid-state laser mode locking near 1 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 161106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Prakash, G. V.

G. V. Prakash, M. Cazzanelli, Z. Gaburro, L. Pavesi, F. Iacona, G. Franzò, and F. Priolo, “Nonlinear optical properties of silicon nanocrystals grown by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4607-4610 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Priolo, F.

G. V. Prakash, M. Cazzanelli, Z. Gaburro, L. Pavesi, F. Iacona, G. Franzò, and F. Priolo, “Nonlinear optical properties of silicon nanocrystals grown by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4607-4610 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Raravikar, N. R.

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Reali, G. C.

S. Kumazaki, V. Kubecek, Y. Takagi, G. C. Reali, and K. Yoshihara, “Feedback-controlled mode-locking of Nd:glass laser using GaAs,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, L413-L415 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Rimberg, A. J.

J. Liu, M. J. Casavant, M. Cox, D. A. Walters, P. Boul, W. Lu, A. J. Rimberg, K. A. Smith, D. T. Colbert, and R. E. Smalley, “Controlled deposition of individual single-walled carbon nanotubes on chemically functionalized templates,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 303, 125-129 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rotermund, F.

J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, H. Lim, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, and F. Rotermund, “Fabrication and characterization of ultrafast carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for solid-state laser mode locking near 1 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 161106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rozhin, A.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, “Mode-locked fiber lasers based on a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2003), Vol. 87, paper PD44.

Rozhin, A. G.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, H. Kataura, S. Matsuzaki, K. Ishida, Y. Achiba, and M. Tokumoto, “Anisotropic saturable absorption of single-wall carbon nanotubes aligned in polyvinyl alcohol,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 405, 288-293 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sakakibara, Y.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, H. Kataura, S. Matsuzaki, K. Ishida, Y. Achiba, and M. Tokumoto, “Anisotropic saturable absorption of single-wall carbon nanotubes aligned in polyvinyl alcohol,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 405, 288-293 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, “Mode-locked fiber lasers based on a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2003), Vol. 87, paper PD44.

Schadler, L. S.

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Set, S. Y.

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, “Saturable absorbers incorporating carbon nanotubes directly synthesized onto substrates and fibers and their application to mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1581-1583 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, “Mode-locked fiber lasers based on a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2003), Vol. 87, paper PD44.

Sibbett, W.

D. J. Bradley, W. Sibbett, “Streak-camera studies of picosecond pulses from a mode-locked Nd:glass laser,” Opt. Commun. 9, 17-20 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Smalley, R. E.

J. Liu, M. J. Casavant, M. Cox, D. A. Walters, P. Boul, W. Lu, A. J. Rimberg, K. A. Smith, D. T. Colbert, and R. E. Smalley, “Controlled deposition of individual single-walled carbon nanotubes on chemically functionalized templates,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 303, 125-129 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Smith, K. A.

J. Liu, M. J. Casavant, M. Cox, D. A. Walters, P. Boul, W. Lu, A. J. Rimberg, K. A. Smith, D. T. Colbert, and R. E. Smalley, “Controlled deposition of individual single-walled carbon nanotubes on chemically functionalized templates,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 303, 125-129 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sow, C. H.

H. I. Elim, W. Ji, G. H. Ma, K. Y. Lim, C. H. Sow, and C. H. A. Huan, “Ultrafast absorptive and refractive nonlinearities in multiwalled carbon nanotube films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 851799-1801 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Steinmeyer, G.

J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, H. Lim, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, and F. Rotermund, “Fabrication and characterization of ultrafast carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for solid-state laser mode locking near 1 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 161106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sun, W. X.

J. He, W. Ji, G. H. Ma, S. H. Tang, H. I. Elim, W. X. Sun, Z. H. Zhang, and W. S. Chin, “Excitonic nonlinear absorption in CdS nanocrystals studied using Z-scan technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 6381-6386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Takagi, Y.

S. Kumazaki, V. Kubecek, Y. Takagi, G. C. Reali, and K. Yoshihara, “Feedback-controlled mode-locking of Nd:glass laser using GaAs,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, L413-L415 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, Y.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, “Mode-locked fiber lasers based on a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2003), Vol. 87, paper PD44.

Tang, S. H.

J. He, W. Ji, G. H. Ma, S. H. Tang, H. I. Elim, W. X. Sun, Z. H. Zhang, and W. S. Chin, “Excitonic nonlinear absorption in CdS nanocrystals studied using Z-scan technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 6381-6386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tausenev, A. V.

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, “177 fs erbium-doped fiber mode locked with a cellulose polymer film containing single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 171113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tokumoto, M.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, H. Kataura, S. Matsuzaki, K. Ishida, Y. Achiba, and M. Tokumoto, “Anisotropic saturable absorption of single-wall carbon nanotubes aligned in polyvinyl alcohol,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 405, 288-293 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, “Mode-locked fiber lasers based on a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2003), Vol. 87, paper PD44.

Walters, D. A.

J. Liu, M. J. Casavant, M. Cox, D. A. Walters, P. Boul, W. Lu, A. J. Rimberg, K. A. Smith, D. T. Colbert, and R. E. Smalley, “Controlled deposition of individual single-walled carbon nanotubes on chemically functionalized templates,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 303, 125-129 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G.-C.

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yaguchi, H.

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, “Saturable absorbers incorporating carbon nanotubes directly synthesized onto substrates and fibers and their application to mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1581-1583 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, “Mode-locked fiber lasers based on a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2003), Vol. 87, paper PD44.

Yamashita, S.

Yim, J. H.

J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, H. Lim, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, and F. Rotermund, “Fabrication and characterization of ultrafast carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for solid-state laser mode locking near 1 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 161106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yoshihara, K.

S. Kumazaki, V. Kubecek, Y. Takagi, G. C. Reali, and K. Yoshihara, “Feedback-controlled mode-locking of Nd:glass laser using GaAs,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, L413-L415 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.-C.

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z. H.

J. He, W. Ji, G. H. Ma, S. H. Tang, H. I. Elim, W. X. Sun, Z. H. Zhang, and W. S. Chin, “Excitonic nonlinear absorption in CdS nanocrystals studied using Z-scan technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 6381-6386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.-P.

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zinth, W.

С. Kolmeder and W. Zinth, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of a passively mode-locked Nd:glass laser,” Appl. Phys. A 24, 341-348 (1981).

Appl. Phys. A (1)

С. Kolmeder and W. Zinth, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of a passively mode-locked Nd:glass laser,” Appl. Phys. A 24, 341-348 (1981).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, “177 fs erbium-doped fiber mode locked with a cellulose polymer film containing single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 171113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. I. Elim, W. Ji, G. H. Ma, K. Y. Lim, C. H. Sow, and C. H. A. Huan, “Ultrafast absorptive and refractive nonlinearities in multiwalled carbon nanotube films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 851799-1801 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, H. Lim, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, and F. Rotermund, “Fabrication and characterization of ultrafast carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for solid-state laser mode locking near 1 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 161106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (2)

J. Liu, M. J. Casavant, M. Cox, D. A. Walters, P. Boul, W. Lu, A. J. Rimberg, K. A. Smith, D. T. Colbert, and R. E. Smalley, “Controlled deposition of individual single-walled carbon nanotubes on chemically functionalized templates,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 303, 125-129 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, H. Kataura, S. Matsuzaki, K. Ishida, Y. Achiba, and M. Tokumoto, “Anisotropic saturable absorption of single-wall carbon nanotubes aligned in polyvinyl alcohol,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 405, 288-293 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. A. Haus, “Mode-locking of lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173-1185 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

J. He, W. Ji, G. H. Ma, S. H. Tang, H. I. Elim, W. X. Sun, Z. H. Zhang, and W. S. Chin, “Excitonic nonlinear absorption in CdS nanocrystals studied using Z-scan technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 6381-6386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. V. Prakash, M. Cazzanelli, Z. Gaburro, L. Pavesi, F. Iacona, G. Franzò, and F. Priolo, “Nonlinear optical properties of silicon nanocrystals grown by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4607-4610 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Kumazaki, V. Kubecek, Y. Takagi, G. C. Reali, and K. Yoshihara, “Feedback-controlled mode-locking of Nd:glass laser using GaAs,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, L413-L415 (1992).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. J. Bradley, W. Sibbett, “Streak-camera studies of picosecond pulses from a mode-locked Nd:glass laser,” Opt. Commun. 9, 17-20 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (1)

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, “Mode-locked fiber lasers based on a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2003), Vol. 87, paper PD44.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Absorption spectrum for SWNT/CMC film and the position of Nd:glass laser generation with wavelength of 1055 nm .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Scheme of Z-scan experimental setup. F, neutral filter (attenuator); Sp, sample; D1, D2, photodiodes; L, focusing lens; Bs, beam splitter.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured Z-scan of a 8 μm thick SWNT/CMC film using 25 ps pulses at 1080 nm .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Intensity-dependent absorption coefficient of SWNT/CMC film. Solid line is the best fit to the experimentally measured data using Eq. (3).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Schematic diagram of Nd:glass laser. M1, rear mirror; M2, output mirror; P, thin glass plate; O, mineral oil; F, SWNT/CMC thin-film absorber.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Oscillogram of mode-locked pulse train at the output of the Nd:glass laser.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Intensity autocorrelation of a sech 2 shaped pulse with duration of 3 ps .

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ω ( z ) = ω 0 1 + ( z / z 0 ) 2 ,
I ( z ) = E in 2 ln ( 2 ) π 3 / 2 ω ( z ) 2 τ p .
α ( I ) = A 0 1 + I / I S + B ,

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