Abstract

Atmospheric emission in the ν2 band of water vapor by the foreign-broadened continuum (13002000cm1) is important for retrievals of upper tropospheric water vapor. Previous work reported continuum coefficients retrieved from two downwelling emission measurements made with the Polar Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (PAERI) at temperatures characteristic of the upper troposphere (below 25°C) at Dome C, Antarctica. These results are improved upon here using 19 different measurements. Improvements have been made to the PAERI radiance calibration, the radiance simulations, and the error analysis. Compared to the Mlawer, Tobin, Clough, Kneizys, Davies continuum, the retrieved continuum is found to be 20% to 50% lower from 1350 to 1490cm1 and 0% to 20% higher from 1850 to 1980cm1.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  24. L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2008

Q. Ma and R. H. Tipping, “Temperature dependences of mechanisms responsible for the water-vapor continuum absorption. I. Far wings of allowed lines,” J. Chem. Phys. 128, 124313, DOI: 10.1063/1.2839604 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. M. Rowe, L. M. Miloshevich, D. D. Turner, and V. P. Walden, “Dry bias in Vaisala RS90 radiosonde humidity profiles over Antarctica,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 25, 1529-1541 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006

M. T. Chahine, T. S. Pagano, H. H. Aumann, R. Atlas, C. Barnet, J. Blaisdell, L. Chen, M. Divakarla, E. J. Fetzer, M. Goldberg, C. Gautier, S. Granger, S. Hannon, F. W. Irion, R. Kakar, E. Kalnay, B. H. Lambrigtsen, S. Lee, J. Le Marshall, W. W. McMillan, L. McMillin, E. T. Olsen, H. Revercomb, P. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, D. Staelin, L. L. Strow, J. Susskind, D. Tobin, W. Wolf, and L. Zhou, “AIRS: improving weather forecasting and providing new data on greenhouse gases,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 87, 911-926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Rowe, V. P. Walden, and S. G. Warren, “Measurements of the foreign-broadened continuum of water vapor in the 6.3-mm band at −30 °C,” Appl. Opt. 45, 4366-4382 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. P. Walden, W. L. Roth, R. S. Stone, and B. Halter, “Radiometric validation of the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder over the Antarctic Plateau,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, D09S03 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Gettelman, V. P. Walden, L. M. Miloshevich, W. L. Roth, and B. Halter, “Relative humidity over Antarctica from radiosondes, satellites, and a general circulation model,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, D09S13 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

V. P. Walden, M. S. Town, B. Halter, and J. W. V. Storey, “First measurements of the infrared sky brightness at Dome C, Antarctica,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 117(829), 300-308(2005).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman and Coauthors, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Clough, M. W. Shephard, E. J. Mlawer, J. S. Delamere, M. J. Iacono, K. Cady-Pereira, S. Boukabara, and P. D. Brown, “Atmospheric radiative transfer modeling: a summary of the AER codes. Short communication,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 91, 233-244 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

L. M. Miloshevich, A. Paukkunen, H. Vömel, and S. J. Oltmans, “Development and validation of a time-lag correction for Vaisala radiosonde humidity measurements,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1305-1327 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). Part I: Instrument design,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1304-1327 (2004).

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). Part II: Instrument performance,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. D. Turner, D. C. Tobin, S. A. Clough, P. D. Brown, R. G. Ellingson, E. J. Mlawer, R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, T. R. Shippert, W. L. Smith, and M. W. Shephard, “The QME AERI LBLRTM: a closure experiment for downwelling high spectral resolution infrared radiance,” J. Atmos. Sci. 61, 2657-2675(2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

J. Wang, H. L. Cole, D. J. Carlson, E. R. Miller, K. Beierle, A. Paukkunen, and T. K. Laine, “Corrections of humidity measurement errors from the Vaisala RS80 radiosonde--Application to TOGA COARE data,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 19, 981-1002 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

L. M. Miloshevich, H. Vömel, A. Paukkunen, A. J. Heymsfield, and S. J. Oltmans, “Characterization and correction of relative humidity measurements from Vaisala RS80-A radiosondes at cold temperatures,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 18, 135-156(2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

D. C. Tobin, F. A. Best, P. D. Brown, S. A. Clough, R. G. Dedecker, R. G. Ellingson, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, R. O. Knuteson, E. J. Mlawer, H. E. Revercomb, J. F. Short, P. F. W. van Delst, and V. P. Walden, “Downwelling spectral radiance observations at the SHEBA ice station: water vapor continuum measurements from 17 to 26 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 2081-2092 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996

1994

Antikainen, V.

A. Paukkunen, V. Antikainen, and H. Jauhiainen, “Accuracy and performance of the new Vaisala RS90 radiosonde in operational use,” presented at the 11th AMS Symposium on Meteorological Observations and Instrumentation, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 14-18 January 2001.

Atlas, R.

M. T. Chahine, T. S. Pagano, H. H. Aumann, R. Atlas, C. Barnet, J. Blaisdell, L. Chen, M. Divakarla, E. J. Fetzer, M. Goldberg, C. Gautier, S. Granger, S. Hannon, F. W. Irion, R. Kakar, E. Kalnay, B. H. Lambrigtsen, S. Lee, J. Le Marshall, W. W. McMillan, L. McMillin, E. T. Olsen, H. Revercomb, P. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, D. Staelin, L. L. Strow, J. Susskind, D. Tobin, W. Wolf, and L. Zhou, “AIRS: improving weather forecasting and providing new data on greenhouse gases,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 87, 911-926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Aumann, H. H.

M. T. Chahine, T. S. Pagano, H. H. Aumann, R. Atlas, C. Barnet, J. Blaisdell, L. Chen, M. Divakarla, E. J. Fetzer, M. Goldberg, C. Gautier, S. Granger, S. Hannon, F. W. Irion, R. Kakar, E. Kalnay, B. H. Lambrigtsen, S. Lee, J. Le Marshall, W. W. McMillan, L. McMillin, E. T. Olsen, H. Revercomb, P. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, D. Staelin, L. L. Strow, J. Susskind, D. Tobin, W. Wolf, and L. Zhou, “AIRS: improving weather forecasting and providing new data on greenhouse gases,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 87, 911-926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Barbe, A.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Barnet, C.

M. T. Chahine, T. S. Pagano, H. H. Aumann, R. Atlas, C. Barnet, J. Blaisdell, L. Chen, M. Divakarla, E. J. Fetzer, M. Goldberg, C. Gautier, S. Granger, S. Hannon, F. W. Irion, R. Kakar, E. Kalnay, B. H. Lambrigtsen, S. Lee, J. Le Marshall, W. W. McMillan, L. McMillin, E. T. Olsen, H. Revercomb, P. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, D. Staelin, L. L. Strow, J. Susskind, D. Tobin, W. Wolf, and L. Zhou, “AIRS: improving weather forecasting and providing new data on greenhouse gases,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 87, 911-926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Beierle, K.

J. Wang, H. L. Cole, D. J. Carlson, E. R. Miller, K. Beierle, A. Paukkunen, and T. K. Laine, “Corrections of humidity measurement errors from the Vaisala RS80 radiosonde--Application to TOGA COARE data,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 19, 981-1002 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Benner, D. Chris

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Best, F.

F. Best, Space Science and Engineering Center, University of Wisconsin--Madison, 1225 West Dayton Street, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA (personal communications, 2003, 2007).

Best, F. A.

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). Part II: Instrument performance,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). Part I: Instrument design,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1304-1327 (2004).

D. C. Tobin, F. A. Best, P. D. Brown, S. A. Clough, R. G. Dedecker, R. G. Ellingson, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, R. O. Knuteson, E. J. Mlawer, H. E. Revercomb, J. F. Short, P. F. W. van Delst, and V. P. Walden, “Downwelling spectral radiance observations at the SHEBA ice station: water vapor continuum measurements from 17 to 26 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 2081-2092 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Blaisdell, J.

M. T. Chahine, T. S. Pagano, H. H. Aumann, R. Atlas, C. Barnet, J. Blaisdell, L. Chen, M. Divakarla, E. J. Fetzer, M. Goldberg, C. Gautier, S. Granger, S. Hannon, F. W. Irion, R. Kakar, E. Kalnay, B. H. Lambrigtsen, S. Lee, J. Le Marshall, W. W. McMillan, L. McMillin, E. T. Olsen, H. Revercomb, P. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, D. Staelin, L. L. Strow, J. Susskind, D. Tobin, W. Wolf, and L. Zhou, “AIRS: improving weather forecasting and providing new data on greenhouse gases,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 87, 911-926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Boukabara, S.

S. A. Clough, M. W. Shephard, E. J. Mlawer, J. S. Delamere, M. J. Iacono, K. Cady-Pereira, S. Boukabara, and P. D. Brown, “Atmospheric radiative transfer modeling: a summary of the AER codes. Short communication,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 91, 233-244 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Brown, A.

A. Brown and R. H. Tipping, Weakly Interacting Paris: Unconventional Absorbers of Radiation in the Atmosphere, C. Camy-Peyret and A. A. Vigasin, eds. (Kluwer Academic, 2003), p. 99.

Brown, L. R.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brown, P. D.

S. A. Clough, M. W. Shephard, E. J. Mlawer, J. S. Delamere, M. J. Iacono, K. Cady-Pereira, S. Boukabara, and P. D. Brown, “Atmospheric radiative transfer modeling: a summary of the AER codes. Short communication,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 91, 233-244 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. D. Turner, D. C. Tobin, S. A. Clough, P. D. Brown, R. G. Ellingson, E. J. Mlawer, R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, T. R. Shippert, W. L. Smith, and M. W. Shephard, “The QME AERI LBLRTM: a closure experiment for downwelling high spectral resolution infrared radiance,” J. Atmos. Sci. 61, 2657-2675(2004).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Tobin, F. A. Best, P. D. Brown, S. A. Clough, R. G. Dedecker, R. G. Ellingson, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, R. O. Knuteson, E. J. Mlawer, H. E. Revercomb, J. F. Short, P. F. W. van Delst, and V. P. Walden, “Downwelling spectral radiance observations at the SHEBA ice station: water vapor continuum measurements from 17 to 26 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 2081-2092 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cady-Pereira, K.

S. A. Clough, M. W. Shephard, E. J. Mlawer, J. S. Delamere, M. J. Iacono, K. Cady-Pereira, S. Boukabara, and P. D. Brown, “Atmospheric radiative transfer modeling: a summary of the AER codes. Short communication,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 91, 233-244 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Camy-Peyret, C.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Carleer, M. R.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Carlson, D. J.

J. Wang, H. L. Cole, D. J. Carlson, E. R. Miller, K. Beierle, A. Paukkunen, and T. K. Laine, “Corrections of humidity measurement errors from the Vaisala RS80 radiosonde--Application to TOGA COARE data,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 19, 981-1002 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chahine, M. T.

M. T. Chahine, T. S. Pagano, H. H. Aumann, R. Atlas, C. Barnet, J. Blaisdell, L. Chen, M. Divakarla, E. J. Fetzer, M. Goldberg, C. Gautier, S. Granger, S. Hannon, F. W. Irion, R. Kakar, E. Kalnay, B. H. Lambrigtsen, S. Lee, J. Le Marshall, W. W. McMillan, L. McMillin, E. T. Olsen, H. Revercomb, P. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, D. Staelin, L. L. Strow, J. Susskind, D. Tobin, W. Wolf, and L. Zhou, “AIRS: improving weather forecasting and providing new data on greenhouse gases,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 87, 911-926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chance, K.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

M. T. Chahine, T. S. Pagano, H. H. Aumann, R. Atlas, C. Barnet, J. Blaisdell, L. Chen, M. Divakarla, E. J. Fetzer, M. Goldberg, C. Gautier, S. Granger, S. Hannon, F. W. Irion, R. Kakar, E. Kalnay, B. H. Lambrigtsen, S. Lee, J. Le Marshall, W. W. McMillan, L. McMillin, E. T. Olsen, H. Revercomb, P. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, D. Staelin, L. L. Strow, J. Susskind, D. Tobin, W. Wolf, and L. Zhou, “AIRS: improving weather forecasting and providing new data on greenhouse gases,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 87, 911-926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ciganovich, N. C.

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). Part II: Instrument performance,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). Part I: Instrument design,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1304-1327 (2004).

Clerbaux, C.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Clough, S. A.

S. A. Clough, M. W. Shephard, E. J. Mlawer, J. S. Delamere, M. J. Iacono, K. Cady-Pereira, S. Boukabara, and P. D. Brown, “Atmospheric radiative transfer modeling: a summary of the AER codes. Short communication,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 91, 233-244 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. D. Turner, D. C. Tobin, S. A. Clough, P. D. Brown, R. G. Ellingson, E. J. Mlawer, R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, T. R. Shippert, W. L. Smith, and M. W. Shephard, “The QME AERI LBLRTM: a closure experiment for downwelling high spectral resolution infrared radiance,” J. Atmos. Sci. 61, 2657-2675(2004).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Tobin, F. A. Best, P. D. Brown, S. A. Clough, R. G. Dedecker, R. G. Ellingson, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, R. O. Knuteson, E. J. Mlawer, H. E. Revercomb, J. F. Short, P. F. W. van Delst, and V. P. Walden, “Downwelling spectral radiance observations at the SHEBA ice station: water vapor continuum measurements from 17 to 26 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 2081-2092 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Mlawer, S. A. Clough, and D. C. Tobin, “The MT_CKD water vapor continuum: a revised perspective including collision induced effects,” presented at the Atmospheric Science from Space using Fourier Transform Spectrometry (ASSFTS) Workshop, Bad Wildbad (Black Forest), Germany, 8-20 October 2003.

Cole, H. L.

J. Wang, H. L. Cole, D. J. Carlson, E. R. Miller, K. Beierle, A. Paukkunen, and T. K. Laine, “Corrections of humidity measurement errors from the Vaisala RS80 radiosonde--Application to TOGA COARE data,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 19, 981-1002 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dana, V.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dedecker, R. G.

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). Part II: Instrument performance,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). Part I: Instrument design,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1304-1327 (2004).

D. C. Tobin, F. A. Best, P. D. Brown, S. A. Clough, R. G. Dedecker, R. G. Ellingson, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, R. O. Knuteson, E. J. Mlawer, H. E. Revercomb, J. F. Short, P. F. W. van Delst, and V. P. Walden, “Downwelling spectral radiance observations at the SHEBA ice station: water vapor continuum measurements from 17 to 26 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 2081-2092 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Delamere, J. S.

S. A. Clough, M. W. Shephard, E. J. Mlawer, J. S. Delamere, M. J. Iacono, K. Cady-Pereira, S. Boukabara, and P. D. Brown, “Atmospheric radiative transfer modeling: a summary of the AER codes. Short communication,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 91, 233-244 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Devi, V. M.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dirkx, T. P.

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). Part II: Instrument performance,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). Part I: Instrument design,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1304-1327 (2004).

Divakarla, M.

M. T. Chahine, T. S. Pagano, H. H. Aumann, R. Atlas, C. Barnet, J. Blaisdell, L. Chen, M. Divakarla, E. J. Fetzer, M. Goldberg, C. Gautier, S. Granger, S. Hannon, F. W. Irion, R. Kakar, E. Kalnay, B. H. Lambrigtsen, S. Lee, J. Le Marshall, W. W. McMillan, L. McMillin, E. T. Olsen, H. Revercomb, P. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, D. Staelin, L. L. Strow, J. Susskind, D. Tobin, W. Wolf, and L. Zhou, “AIRS: improving weather forecasting and providing new data on greenhouse gases,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 87, 911-926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ellingson, R. G.

D. D. Turner, D. C. Tobin, S. A. Clough, P. D. Brown, R. G. Ellingson, E. J. Mlawer, R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, T. R. Shippert, W. L. Smith, and M. W. Shephard, “The QME AERI LBLRTM: a closure experiment for downwelling high spectral resolution infrared radiance,” J. Atmos. Sci. 61, 2657-2675(2004).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Tobin, F. A. Best, P. D. Brown, S. A. Clough, R. G. Dedecker, R. G. Ellingson, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, R. O. Knuteson, E. J. Mlawer, H. E. Revercomb, J. F. Short, P. F. W. van Delst, and V. P. Walden, “Downwelling spectral radiance observations at the SHEBA ice station: water vapor continuum measurements from 17 to 26 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 2081-2092 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ellington, S. C.

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). Part I: Instrument design,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1304-1327 (2004).

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). Part II: Instrument performance,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fayt, A.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Feltz, W. F.

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). Part II: Instrument performance,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). Part I: Instrument design,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1304-1327 (2004).

Fetzer, E. J.

M. T. Chahine, T. S. Pagano, H. H. Aumann, R. Atlas, C. Barnet, J. Blaisdell, L. Chen, M. Divakarla, E. J. Fetzer, M. Goldberg, C. Gautier, S. Granger, S. Hannon, F. W. Irion, R. Kakar, E. Kalnay, B. H. Lambrigtsen, S. Lee, J. Le Marshall, W. W. McMillan, L. McMillin, E. T. Olsen, H. Revercomb, P. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, D. Staelin, L. L. Strow, J. Susskind, D. Tobin, W. Wolf, and L. Zhou, “AIRS: improving weather forecasting and providing new data on greenhouse gases,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 87, 911-926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Flaud, J.-M.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gamache, R. R.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Garcia, R. K.

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). Part II: Instrument performance,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). Part I: Instrument design,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1304-1327 (2004).

D. C. Tobin, F. A. Best, P. D. Brown, S. A. Clough, R. G. Dedecker, R. G. Ellingson, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, R. O. Knuteson, E. J. Mlawer, H. E. Revercomb, J. F. Short, P. F. W. van Delst, and V. P. Walden, “Downwelling spectral radiance observations at the SHEBA ice station: water vapor continuum measurements from 17 to 26 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 2081-2092 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gautier, C.

M. T. Chahine, T. S. Pagano, H. H. Aumann, R. Atlas, C. Barnet, J. Blaisdell, L. Chen, M. Divakarla, E. J. Fetzer, M. Goldberg, C. Gautier, S. Granger, S. Hannon, F. W. Irion, R. Kakar, E. Kalnay, B. H. Lambrigtsen, S. Lee, J. Le Marshall, W. W. McMillan, L. McMillin, E. T. Olsen, H. Revercomb, P. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, D. Staelin, L. L. Strow, J. Susskind, D. Tobin, W. Wolf, and L. Zhou, “AIRS: improving weather forecasting and providing new data on greenhouse gases,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 87, 911-926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Germain, D. St.

Gettelman, A.

A. Gettelman, V. P. Walden, L. M. Miloshevich, W. L. Roth, and B. Halter, “Relative humidity over Antarctica from radiosondes, satellites, and a general circulation model,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, D09S13 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Goldberg, M.

M. T. Chahine, T. S. Pagano, H. H. Aumann, R. Atlas, C. Barnet, J. Blaisdell, L. Chen, M. Divakarla, E. J. Fetzer, M. Goldberg, C. Gautier, S. Granger, S. Hannon, F. W. Irion, R. Kakar, E. Kalnay, B. H. Lambrigtsen, S. Lee, J. Le Marshall, W. W. McMillan, L. McMillin, E. T. Olsen, H. Revercomb, P. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, D. Staelin, L. L. Strow, J. Susskind, D. Tobin, W. Wolf, and L. Zhou, “AIRS: improving weather forecasting and providing new data on greenhouse gases,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 87, 911-926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Goldman, A.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Granger, S.

M. T. Chahine, T. S. Pagano, H. H. Aumann, R. Atlas, C. Barnet, J. Blaisdell, L. Chen, M. Divakarla, E. J. Fetzer, M. Goldberg, C. Gautier, S. Granger, S. Hannon, F. W. Irion, R. Kakar, E. Kalnay, B. H. Lambrigtsen, S. Lee, J. Le Marshall, W. W. McMillan, L. McMillin, E. T. Olsen, H. Revercomb, P. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, D. Staelin, L. L. Strow, J. Susskind, D. Tobin, W. Wolf, and L. Zhou, “AIRS: improving weather forecasting and providing new data on greenhouse gases,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 87, 911-926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Halter, B.

A. Gettelman, V. P. Walden, L. M. Miloshevich, W. L. Roth, and B. Halter, “Relative humidity over Antarctica from radiosondes, satellites, and a general circulation model,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, D09S13 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Walden, W. L. Roth, R. S. Stone, and B. Halter, “Radiometric validation of the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder over the Antarctic Plateau,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, D09S03 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Walden, M. S. Town, B. Halter, and J. W. V. Storey, “First measurements of the infrared sky brightness at Dome C, Antarctica,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 117(829), 300-308(2005).
[CrossRef]

Hannon, S.

M. T. Chahine, T. S. Pagano, H. H. Aumann, R. Atlas, C. Barnet, J. Blaisdell, L. Chen, M. Divakarla, E. J. Fetzer, M. Goldberg, C. Gautier, S. Granger, S. Hannon, F. W. Irion, R. Kakar, E. Kalnay, B. H. Lambrigtsen, S. Lee, J. Le Marshall, W. W. McMillan, L. McMillin, E. T. Olsen, H. Revercomb, P. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, D. Staelin, L. L. Strow, J. Susskind, D. Tobin, W. Wolf, and L. Zhou, “AIRS: improving weather forecasting and providing new data on greenhouse gases,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 87, 911-926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Heymsfield, A. J.

L. M. Miloshevich, H. Vömel, A. Paukkunen, A. J. Heymsfield, and S. J. Oltmans, “Characterization and correction of relative humidity measurements from Vaisala RS80-A radiosondes at cold temperatures,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 18, 135-156(2001).
[CrossRef]

Howell, H. B.

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). Part I: Instrument design,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1304-1327 (2004).

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). Part II: Instrument performance,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Tobin, F. A. Best, P. D. Brown, S. A. Clough, R. G. Dedecker, R. G. Ellingson, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, R. O. Knuteson, E. J. Mlawer, H. E. Revercomb, J. F. Short, P. F. W. van Delst, and V. P. Walden, “Downwelling spectral radiance observations at the SHEBA ice station: water vapor continuum measurements from 17 to 26 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 2081-2092 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Iacono, M. J.

S. A. Clough, M. W. Shephard, E. J. Mlawer, J. S. Delamere, M. J. Iacono, K. Cady-Pereira, S. Boukabara, and P. D. Brown, “Atmospheric radiative transfer modeling: a summary of the AER codes. Short communication,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 91, 233-244 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Irion, F. W.

M. T. Chahine, T. S. Pagano, H. H. Aumann, R. Atlas, C. Barnet, J. Blaisdell, L. Chen, M. Divakarla, E. J. Fetzer, M. Goldberg, C. Gautier, S. Granger, S. Hannon, F. W. Irion, R. Kakar, E. Kalnay, B. H. Lambrigtsen, S. Lee, J. Le Marshall, W. W. McMillan, L. McMillin, E. T. Olsen, H. Revercomb, P. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, D. Staelin, L. L. Strow, J. Susskind, D. Tobin, W. Wolf, and L. Zhou, “AIRS: improving weather forecasting and providing new data on greenhouse gases,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 87, 911-926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jacquemart, D.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jauhiainen, H.

A. Paukkunen, V. Antikainen, and H. Jauhiainen, “Accuracy and performance of the new Vaisala RS90 radiosonde in operational use,” presented at the 11th AMS Symposium on Meteorological Observations and Instrumentation, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 14-18 January 2001.

Jucks, K. W.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kakar, R.

M. T. Chahine, T. S. Pagano, H. H. Aumann, R. Atlas, C. Barnet, J. Blaisdell, L. Chen, M. Divakarla, E. J. Fetzer, M. Goldberg, C. Gautier, S. Granger, S. Hannon, F. W. Irion, R. Kakar, E. Kalnay, B. H. Lambrigtsen, S. Lee, J. Le Marshall, W. W. McMillan, L. McMillin, E. T. Olsen, H. Revercomb, P. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, D. Staelin, L. L. Strow, J. Susskind, D. Tobin, W. Wolf, and L. Zhou, “AIRS: improving weather forecasting and providing new data on greenhouse gases,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 87, 911-926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kalnay, E.

M. T. Chahine, T. S. Pagano, H. H. Aumann, R. Atlas, C. Barnet, J. Blaisdell, L. Chen, M. Divakarla, E. J. Fetzer, M. Goldberg, C. Gautier, S. Granger, S. Hannon, F. W. Irion, R. Kakar, E. Kalnay, B. H. Lambrigtsen, S. Lee, J. Le Marshall, W. W. McMillan, L. McMillin, E. T. Olsen, H. Revercomb, P. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, D. Staelin, L. L. Strow, J. Susskind, D. Tobin, W. Wolf, and L. Zhou, “AIRS: improving weather forecasting and providing new data on greenhouse gases,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 87, 911-926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Knuteson, R. O.

D. D. Turner, D. C. Tobin, S. A. Clough, P. D. Brown, R. G. Ellingson, E. J. Mlawer, R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, T. R. Shippert, W. L. Smith, and M. W. Shephard, “The QME AERI LBLRTM: a closure experiment for downwelling high spectral resolution infrared radiance,” J. Atmos. Sci. 61, 2657-2675(2004).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). Part I: Instrument design,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1304-1327 (2004).

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). Part II: Instrument performance,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Tobin, F. A. Best, P. D. Brown, S. A. Clough, R. G. Dedecker, R. G. Ellingson, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, R. O. Knuteson, E. J. Mlawer, H. E. Revercomb, J. F. Short, P. F. W. van Delst, and V. P. Walden, “Downwelling spectral radiance observations at the SHEBA ice station: water vapor continuum measurements from 17 to 26 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 2081-2092 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Theriault, P. L. Roney, D. St. Germain, H. E. Revercomb, R. O. Knuteson, and W. L. Smith, “Analysis of the FASCODE model and its H2O continuum based on long-path atmospheric transmission measurements in the 4.5-11.5 μm region,” Appl. Opt. 33, 323-333 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lafferty, W. J.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Tobin, L. L. Strow, W. J. Lafferty, and W. B. Olson, “Experimental investigation of the self- and N2-broadened continuum within the ν2 band of water vapor,” Appl. Opt. 35, 4724-4734 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laine, T. K.

J. Wang, H. L. Cole, D. J. Carlson, E. R. Miller, K. Beierle, A. Paukkunen, and T. K. Laine, “Corrections of humidity measurement errors from the Vaisala RS80 radiosonde--Application to TOGA COARE data,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 19, 981-1002 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lambrigtsen, B. H.

M. T. Chahine, T. S. Pagano, H. H. Aumann, R. Atlas, C. Barnet, J. Blaisdell, L. Chen, M. Divakarla, E. J. Fetzer, M. Goldberg, C. Gautier, S. Granger, S. Hannon, F. W. Irion, R. Kakar, E. Kalnay, B. H. Lambrigtsen, S. Lee, J. Le Marshall, W. W. McMillan, L. McMillin, E. T. Olsen, H. Revercomb, P. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, D. Staelin, L. L. Strow, J. Susskind, D. Tobin, W. Wolf, and L. Zhou, “AIRS: improving weather forecasting and providing new data on greenhouse gases,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 87, 911-926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

M. T. Chahine, T. S. Pagano, H. H. Aumann, R. Atlas, C. Barnet, J. Blaisdell, L. Chen, M. Divakarla, E. J. Fetzer, M. Goldberg, C. Gautier, S. Granger, S. Hannon, F. W. Irion, R. Kakar, E. Kalnay, B. H. Lambrigtsen, S. Lee, J. Le Marshall, W. W. McMillan, L. McMillin, E. T. Olsen, H. Revercomb, P. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, D. Staelin, L. L. Strow, J. Susskind, D. Tobin, W. Wolf, and L. Zhou, “AIRS: improving weather forecasting and providing new data on greenhouse gases,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 87, 911-926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ma, Q.

Q. Ma and R. H. Tipping, “Temperature dependences of mechanisms responsible for the water-vapor continuum absorption. I. Far wings of allowed lines,” J. Chem. Phys. 128, 124313, DOI: 10.1063/1.2839604 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mandin, J.-Y.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Marshall, J. Le

M. T. Chahine, T. S. Pagano, H. H. Aumann, R. Atlas, C. Barnet, J. Blaisdell, L. Chen, M. Divakarla, E. J. Fetzer, M. Goldberg, C. Gautier, S. Granger, S. Hannon, F. W. Irion, R. Kakar, E. Kalnay, B. H. Lambrigtsen, S. Lee, J. Le Marshall, W. W. McMillan, L. McMillin, E. T. Olsen, H. Revercomb, P. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, D. Staelin, L. L. Strow, J. Susskind, D. Tobin, W. Wolf, and L. Zhou, “AIRS: improving weather forecasting and providing new data on greenhouse gases,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 87, 911-926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Massie, S. T.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

McMillan, W. W.

M. T. Chahine, T. S. Pagano, H. H. Aumann, R. Atlas, C. Barnet, J. Blaisdell, L. Chen, M. Divakarla, E. J. Fetzer, M. Goldberg, C. Gautier, S. Granger, S. Hannon, F. W. Irion, R. Kakar, E. Kalnay, B. H. Lambrigtsen, S. Lee, J. Le Marshall, W. W. McMillan, L. McMillin, E. T. Olsen, H. Revercomb, P. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, D. Staelin, L. L. Strow, J. Susskind, D. Tobin, W. Wolf, and L. Zhou, “AIRS: improving weather forecasting and providing new data on greenhouse gases,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 87, 911-926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

McMillin, L.

M. T. Chahine, T. S. Pagano, H. H. Aumann, R. Atlas, C. Barnet, J. Blaisdell, L. Chen, M. Divakarla, E. J. Fetzer, M. Goldberg, C. Gautier, S. Granger, S. Hannon, F. W. Irion, R. Kakar, E. Kalnay, B. H. Lambrigtsen, S. Lee, J. Le Marshall, W. W. McMillan, L. McMillin, E. T. Olsen, H. Revercomb, P. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, D. Staelin, L. L. Strow, J. Susskind, D. Tobin, W. Wolf, and L. Zhou, “AIRS: improving weather forecasting and providing new data on greenhouse gases,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 87, 911-926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Miller, E. R.

J. Wang, H. L. Cole, D. J. Carlson, E. R. Miller, K. Beierle, A. Paukkunen, and T. K. Laine, “Corrections of humidity measurement errors from the Vaisala RS80 radiosonde--Application to TOGA COARE data,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 19, 981-1002 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Miloshevich, L. M.

P. M. Rowe, L. M. Miloshevich, D. D. Turner, and V. P. Walden, “Dry bias in Vaisala RS90 radiosonde humidity profiles over Antarctica,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 25, 1529-1541 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Gettelman, V. P. Walden, L. M. Miloshevich, W. L. Roth, and B. Halter, “Relative humidity over Antarctica from radiosondes, satellites, and a general circulation model,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, D09S13 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Miloshevich, A. Paukkunen, H. Vömel, and S. J. Oltmans, “Development and validation of a time-lag correction for Vaisala radiosonde humidity measurements,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1305-1327 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Miloshevich, H. Vömel, A. Paukkunen, A. J. Heymsfield, and S. J. Oltmans, “Characterization and correction of relative humidity measurements from Vaisala RS80-A radiosondes at cold temperatures,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 18, 135-156(2001).
[CrossRef]

Mlawer, E. J.

S. A. Clough, M. W. Shephard, E. J. Mlawer, J. S. Delamere, M. J. Iacono, K. Cady-Pereira, S. Boukabara, and P. D. Brown, “Atmospheric radiative transfer modeling: a summary of the AER codes. Short communication,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 91, 233-244 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. D. Turner, D. C. Tobin, S. A. Clough, P. D. Brown, R. G. Ellingson, E. J. Mlawer, R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, T. R. Shippert, W. L. Smith, and M. W. Shephard, “The QME AERI LBLRTM: a closure experiment for downwelling high spectral resolution infrared radiance,” J. Atmos. Sci. 61, 2657-2675(2004).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Tobin, F. A. Best, P. D. Brown, S. A. Clough, R. G. Dedecker, R. G. Ellingson, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, R. O. Knuteson, E. J. Mlawer, H. E. Revercomb, J. F. Short, P. F. W. van Delst, and V. P. Walden, “Downwelling spectral radiance observations at the SHEBA ice station: water vapor continuum measurements from 17 to 26 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 2081-2092 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Mlawer, S. A. Clough, and D. C. Tobin, “The MT_CKD water vapor continuum: a revised perspective including collision induced effects,” presented at the Atmospheric Science from Space using Fourier Transform Spectrometry (ASSFTS) Workshop, Bad Wildbad (Black Forest), Germany, 8-20 October 2003.

Nemtchinov, V.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Newnham, D. A.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Olsen, E. T.

M. T. Chahine, T. S. Pagano, H. H. Aumann, R. Atlas, C. Barnet, J. Blaisdell, L. Chen, M. Divakarla, E. J. Fetzer, M. Goldberg, C. Gautier, S. Granger, S. Hannon, F. W. Irion, R. Kakar, E. Kalnay, B. H. Lambrigtsen, S. Lee, J. Le Marshall, W. W. McMillan, L. McMillin, E. T. Olsen, H. Revercomb, P. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, D. Staelin, L. L. Strow, J. Susskind, D. Tobin, W. Wolf, and L. Zhou, “AIRS: improving weather forecasting and providing new data on greenhouse gases,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 87, 911-926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Olson, W. B.

Oltmans, S. J.

L. M. Miloshevich, A. Paukkunen, H. Vömel, and S. J. Oltmans, “Development and validation of a time-lag correction for Vaisala radiosonde humidity measurements,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1305-1327 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Miloshevich, H. Vömel, A. Paukkunen, A. J. Heymsfield, and S. J. Oltmans, “Characterization and correction of relative humidity measurements from Vaisala RS80-A radiosondes at cold temperatures,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 18, 135-156(2001).
[CrossRef]

Pagano, T. S.

M. T. Chahine, T. S. Pagano, H. H. Aumann, R. Atlas, C. Barnet, J. Blaisdell, L. Chen, M. Divakarla, E. J. Fetzer, M. Goldberg, C. Gautier, S. Granger, S. Hannon, F. W. Irion, R. Kakar, E. Kalnay, B. H. Lambrigtsen, S. Lee, J. Le Marshall, W. W. McMillan, L. McMillin, E. T. Olsen, H. Revercomb, P. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, D. Staelin, L. L. Strow, J. Susskind, D. Tobin, W. Wolf, and L. Zhou, “AIRS: improving weather forecasting and providing new data on greenhouse gases,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 87, 911-926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Paukkunen, A.

L. M. Miloshevich, A. Paukkunen, H. Vömel, and S. J. Oltmans, “Development and validation of a time-lag correction for Vaisala radiosonde humidity measurements,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1305-1327 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, H. L. Cole, D. J. Carlson, E. R. Miller, K. Beierle, A. Paukkunen, and T. K. Laine, “Corrections of humidity measurement errors from the Vaisala RS80 radiosonde--Application to TOGA COARE data,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 19, 981-1002 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Miloshevich, H. Vömel, A. Paukkunen, A. J. Heymsfield, and S. J. Oltmans, “Characterization and correction of relative humidity measurements from Vaisala RS80-A radiosondes at cold temperatures,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 18, 135-156(2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Paukkunen, V. Antikainen, and H. Jauhiainen, “Accuracy and performance of the new Vaisala RS90 radiosonde in operational use,” presented at the 11th AMS Symposium on Meteorological Observations and Instrumentation, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 14-18 January 2001.

Perrin, A.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Revercomb, H.

M. T. Chahine, T. S. Pagano, H. H. Aumann, R. Atlas, C. Barnet, J. Blaisdell, L. Chen, M. Divakarla, E. J. Fetzer, M. Goldberg, C. Gautier, S. Granger, S. Hannon, F. W. Irion, R. Kakar, E. Kalnay, B. H. Lambrigtsen, S. Lee, J. Le Marshall, W. W. McMillan, L. McMillin, E. T. Olsen, H. Revercomb, P. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, D. Staelin, L. L. Strow, J. Susskind, D. Tobin, W. Wolf, and L. Zhou, “AIRS: improving weather forecasting and providing new data on greenhouse gases,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 87, 911-926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Revercomb, H. E.

D. D. Turner, D. C. Tobin, S. A. Clough, P. D. Brown, R. G. Ellingson, E. J. Mlawer, R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, T. R. Shippert, W. L. Smith, and M. W. Shephard, “The QME AERI LBLRTM: a closure experiment for downwelling high spectral resolution infrared radiance,” J. Atmos. Sci. 61, 2657-2675(2004).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). Part I: Instrument design,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1304-1327 (2004).

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). Part II: Instrument performance,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Tobin, F. A. Best, P. D. Brown, S. A. Clough, R. G. Dedecker, R. G. Ellingson, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, R. O. Knuteson, E. J. Mlawer, H. E. Revercomb, J. F. Short, P. F. W. van Delst, and V. P. Walden, “Downwelling spectral radiance observations at the SHEBA ice station: water vapor continuum measurements from 17 to 26 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 2081-2092 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Theriault, P. L. Roney, D. St. Germain, H. E. Revercomb, R. O. Knuteson, and W. L. Smith, “Analysis of the FASCODE model and its H2O continuum based on long-path atmospheric transmission measurements in the 4.5-11.5 μm region,” Appl. Opt. 33, 323-333 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rinsland, C. P.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Roney, P. L.

Rosenkranz, P.

M. T. Chahine, T. S. Pagano, H. H. Aumann, R. Atlas, C. Barnet, J. Blaisdell, L. Chen, M. Divakarla, E. J. Fetzer, M. Goldberg, C. Gautier, S. Granger, S. Hannon, F. W. Irion, R. Kakar, E. Kalnay, B. H. Lambrigtsen, S. Lee, J. Le Marshall, W. W. McMillan, L. McMillin, E. T. Olsen, H. Revercomb, P. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, D. Staelin, L. L. Strow, J. Susskind, D. Tobin, W. Wolf, and L. Zhou, “AIRS: improving weather forecasting and providing new data on greenhouse gases,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 87, 911-926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Roth, W. L.

V. P. Walden, W. L. Roth, R. S. Stone, and B. Halter, “Radiometric validation of the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder over the Antarctic Plateau,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, D09S03 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Gettelman, V. P. Walden, L. M. Miloshevich, W. L. Roth, and B. Halter, “Relative humidity over Antarctica from radiosondes, satellites, and a general circulation model,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, D09S13 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rothman, L. S.

L. S. Rothman and Coauthors, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rowe, P. M.

P. M. Rowe, L. M. Miloshevich, D. D. Turner, and V. P. Walden, “Dry bias in Vaisala RS90 radiosonde humidity profiles over Antarctica,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 25, 1529-1541 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Rowe, V. P. Walden, and S. G. Warren, “Measurements of the foreign-broadened continuum of water vapor in the 6.3-mm band at −30 °C,” Appl. Opt. 45, 4366-4382 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schroeder, J.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shephard, M. W.

S. A. Clough, M. W. Shephard, E. J. Mlawer, J. S. Delamere, M. J. Iacono, K. Cady-Pereira, S. Boukabara, and P. D. Brown, “Atmospheric radiative transfer modeling: a summary of the AER codes. Short communication,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 91, 233-244 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. D. Turner, D. C. Tobin, S. A. Clough, P. D. Brown, R. G. Ellingson, E. J. Mlawer, R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, T. R. Shippert, W. L. Smith, and M. W. Shephard, “The QME AERI LBLRTM: a closure experiment for downwelling high spectral resolution infrared radiance,” J. Atmos. Sci. 61, 2657-2675(2004).
[CrossRef]

Shippert, T. R.

D. D. Turner, D. C. Tobin, S. A. Clough, P. D. Brown, R. G. Ellingson, E. J. Mlawer, R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, T. R. Shippert, W. L. Smith, and M. W. Shephard, “The QME AERI LBLRTM: a closure experiment for downwelling high spectral resolution infrared radiance,” J. Atmos. Sci. 61, 2657-2675(2004).
[CrossRef]

Short, J. F.

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). Part I: Instrument design,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1304-1327 (2004).

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). Part II: Instrument performance,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Tobin, F. A. Best, P. D. Brown, S. A. Clough, R. G. Dedecker, R. G. Ellingson, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, R. O. Knuteson, E. J. Mlawer, H. E. Revercomb, J. F. Short, P. F. W. van Delst, and V. P. Walden, “Downwelling spectral radiance observations at the SHEBA ice station: water vapor continuum measurements from 17 to 26 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 2081-2092 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Smith, K. M.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Smith, M. A. H.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Smith, W. L.

M. T. Chahine, T. S. Pagano, H. H. Aumann, R. Atlas, C. Barnet, J. Blaisdell, L. Chen, M. Divakarla, E. J. Fetzer, M. Goldberg, C. Gautier, S. Granger, S. Hannon, F. W. Irion, R. Kakar, E. Kalnay, B. H. Lambrigtsen, S. Lee, J. Le Marshall, W. W. McMillan, L. McMillin, E. T. Olsen, H. Revercomb, P. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, D. Staelin, L. L. Strow, J. Susskind, D. Tobin, W. Wolf, and L. Zhou, “AIRS: improving weather forecasting and providing new data on greenhouse gases,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 87, 911-926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. D. Turner, D. C. Tobin, S. A. Clough, P. D. Brown, R. G. Ellingson, E. J. Mlawer, R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, T. R. Shippert, W. L. Smith, and M. W. Shephard, “The QME AERI LBLRTM: a closure experiment for downwelling high spectral resolution infrared radiance,” J. Atmos. Sci. 61, 2657-2675(2004).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). Part II: Instrument performance,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). Part I: Instrument design,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1304-1327 (2004).

J. M. Theriault, P. L. Roney, D. St. Germain, H. E. Revercomb, R. O. Knuteson, and W. L. Smith, “Analysis of the FASCODE model and its H2O continuum based on long-path atmospheric transmission measurements in the 4.5-11.5 μm region,” Appl. Opt. 33, 323-333 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Staelin, D.

M. T. Chahine, T. S. Pagano, H. H. Aumann, R. Atlas, C. Barnet, J. Blaisdell, L. Chen, M. Divakarla, E. J. Fetzer, M. Goldberg, C. Gautier, S. Granger, S. Hannon, F. W. Irion, R. Kakar, E. Kalnay, B. H. Lambrigtsen, S. Lee, J. Le Marshall, W. W. McMillan, L. McMillin, E. T. Olsen, H. Revercomb, P. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, D. Staelin, L. L. Strow, J. Susskind, D. Tobin, W. Wolf, and L. Zhou, “AIRS: improving weather forecasting and providing new data on greenhouse gases,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 87, 911-926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stone, R. S.

V. P. Walden, W. L. Roth, R. S. Stone, and B. Halter, “Radiometric validation of the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder over the Antarctic Plateau,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, D09S03 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Storey, J. W. V.

V. P. Walden, M. S. Town, B. Halter, and J. W. V. Storey, “First measurements of the infrared sky brightness at Dome C, Antarctica,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 117(829), 300-308(2005).
[CrossRef]

Strow, L. L.

M. T. Chahine, T. S. Pagano, H. H. Aumann, R. Atlas, C. Barnet, J. Blaisdell, L. Chen, M. Divakarla, E. J. Fetzer, M. Goldberg, C. Gautier, S. Granger, S. Hannon, F. W. Irion, R. Kakar, E. Kalnay, B. H. Lambrigtsen, S. Lee, J. Le Marshall, W. W. McMillan, L. McMillin, E. T. Olsen, H. Revercomb, P. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, D. Staelin, L. L. Strow, J. Susskind, D. Tobin, W. Wolf, and L. Zhou, “AIRS: improving weather forecasting and providing new data on greenhouse gases,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 87, 911-926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Tobin, L. L. Strow, W. J. Lafferty, and W. B. Olson, “Experimental investigation of the self- and N2-broadened continuum within the ν2 band of water vapor,” Appl. Opt. 35, 4724-4734 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Susskind, J.

M. T. Chahine, T. S. Pagano, H. H. Aumann, R. Atlas, C. Barnet, J. Blaisdell, L. Chen, M. Divakarla, E. J. Fetzer, M. Goldberg, C. Gautier, S. Granger, S. Hannon, F. W. Irion, R. Kakar, E. Kalnay, B. H. Lambrigtsen, S. Lee, J. Le Marshall, W. W. McMillan, L. McMillin, E. T. Olsen, H. Revercomb, P. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, D. Staelin, L. L. Strow, J. Susskind, D. Tobin, W. Wolf, and L. Zhou, “AIRS: improving weather forecasting and providing new data on greenhouse gases,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 87, 911-926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tang, K.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Theriault, J. M.

Tipping, R. H.

Q. Ma and R. H. Tipping, “Temperature dependences of mechanisms responsible for the water-vapor continuum absorption. I. Far wings of allowed lines,” J. Chem. Phys. 128, 124313, DOI: 10.1063/1.2839604 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Brown and R. H. Tipping, Weakly Interacting Paris: Unconventional Absorbers of Radiation in the Atmosphere, C. Camy-Peyret and A. A. Vigasin, eds. (Kluwer Academic, 2003), p. 99.

Tobin, D.

M. T. Chahine, T. S. Pagano, H. H. Aumann, R. Atlas, C. Barnet, J. Blaisdell, L. Chen, M. Divakarla, E. J. Fetzer, M. Goldberg, C. Gautier, S. Granger, S. Hannon, F. W. Irion, R. Kakar, E. Kalnay, B. H. Lambrigtsen, S. Lee, J. Le Marshall, W. W. McMillan, L. McMillin, E. T. Olsen, H. Revercomb, P. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, D. Staelin, L. L. Strow, J. Susskind, D. Tobin, W. Wolf, and L. Zhou, “AIRS: improving weather forecasting and providing new data on greenhouse gases,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 87, 911-926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tobin, D. C.

D. D. Turner, D. C. Tobin, S. A. Clough, P. D. Brown, R. G. Ellingson, E. J. Mlawer, R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, T. R. Shippert, W. L. Smith, and M. W. Shephard, “The QME AERI LBLRTM: a closure experiment for downwelling high spectral resolution infrared radiance,” J. Atmos. Sci. 61, 2657-2675(2004).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). Part I: Instrument design,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1304-1327 (2004).

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). Part II: Instrument performance,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Tobin, F. A. Best, P. D. Brown, S. A. Clough, R. G. Dedecker, R. G. Ellingson, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, R. O. Knuteson, E. J. Mlawer, H. E. Revercomb, J. F. Short, P. F. W. van Delst, and V. P. Walden, “Downwelling spectral radiance observations at the SHEBA ice station: water vapor continuum measurements from 17 to 26 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 2081-2092 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Tobin, L. L. Strow, W. J. Lafferty, and W. B. Olson, “Experimental investigation of the self- and N2-broadened continuum within the ν2 band of water vapor,” Appl. Opt. 35, 4724-4734 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. J. Mlawer, S. A. Clough, and D. C. Tobin, “The MT_CKD water vapor continuum: a revised perspective including collision induced effects,” presented at the Atmospheric Science from Space using Fourier Transform Spectrometry (ASSFTS) Workshop, Bad Wildbad (Black Forest), Germany, 8-20 October 2003.

Toth, R. A.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Town, M. S.

V. P. Walden, M. S. Town, B. Halter, and J. W. V. Storey, “First measurements of the infrared sky brightness at Dome C, Antarctica,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 117(829), 300-308(2005).
[CrossRef]

Turner, D.

D. Turner, Space Science and Engineering Center, University of Wisconsin--Madison, 1225 West Dayton Street, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA (personal communication, 2008).

Turner, D. D.

P. M. Rowe, L. M. Miloshevich, D. D. Turner, and V. P. Walden, “Dry bias in Vaisala RS90 radiosonde humidity profiles over Antarctica,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 25, 1529-1541 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. D. Turner, D. C. Tobin, S. A. Clough, P. D. Brown, R. G. Ellingson, E. J. Mlawer, R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, T. R. Shippert, W. L. Smith, and M. W. Shephard, “The QME AERI LBLRTM: a closure experiment for downwelling high spectral resolution infrared radiance,” J. Atmos. Sci. 61, 2657-2675(2004).
[CrossRef]

van Delst, P. F. W.

D. C. Tobin, F. A. Best, P. D. Brown, S. A. Clough, R. G. Dedecker, R. G. Ellingson, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, R. O. Knuteson, E. J. Mlawer, H. E. Revercomb, J. F. Short, P. F. W. van Delst, and V. P. Walden, “Downwelling spectral radiance observations at the SHEBA ice station: water vapor continuum measurements from 17 to 26 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 2081-2092 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vander Auwera, J.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Varanasi, P.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vömel, H.

L. M. Miloshevich, A. Paukkunen, H. Vömel, and S. J. Oltmans, “Development and validation of a time-lag correction for Vaisala radiosonde humidity measurements,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1305-1327 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Miloshevich, H. Vömel, A. Paukkunen, A. J. Heymsfield, and S. J. Oltmans, “Characterization and correction of relative humidity measurements from Vaisala RS80-A radiosondes at cold temperatures,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 18, 135-156(2001).
[CrossRef]

Walden, V. P.

P. M. Rowe, L. M. Miloshevich, D. D. Turner, and V. P. Walden, “Dry bias in Vaisala RS90 radiosonde humidity profiles over Antarctica,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 25, 1529-1541 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Gettelman, V. P. Walden, L. M. Miloshevich, W. L. Roth, and B. Halter, “Relative humidity over Antarctica from radiosondes, satellites, and a general circulation model,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, D09S13 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Rowe, V. P. Walden, and S. G. Warren, “Measurements of the foreign-broadened continuum of water vapor in the 6.3-mm band at −30 °C,” Appl. Opt. 45, 4366-4382 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. P. Walden, W. L. Roth, R. S. Stone, and B. Halter, “Radiometric validation of the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder over the Antarctic Plateau,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, D09S03 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Walden, M. S. Town, B. Halter, and J. W. V. Storey, “First measurements of the infrared sky brightness at Dome C, Antarctica,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 117(829), 300-308(2005).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Tobin, F. A. Best, P. D. Brown, S. A. Clough, R. G. Dedecker, R. G. Ellingson, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, R. O. Knuteson, E. J. Mlawer, H. E. Revercomb, J. F. Short, P. F. W. van Delst, and V. P. Walden, “Downwelling spectral radiance observations at the SHEBA ice station: water vapor continuum measurements from 17 to 26 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 2081-2092 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

J. Wang, H. L. Cole, D. J. Carlson, E. R. Miller, K. Beierle, A. Paukkunen, and T. K. Laine, “Corrections of humidity measurement errors from the Vaisala RS80 radiosonde--Application to TOGA COARE data,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 19, 981-1002 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Warren, S. G.

Wolf, W.

M. T. Chahine, T. S. Pagano, H. H. Aumann, R. Atlas, C. Barnet, J. Blaisdell, L. Chen, M. Divakarla, E. J. Fetzer, M. Goldberg, C. Gautier, S. Granger, S. Hannon, F. W. Irion, R. Kakar, E. Kalnay, B. H. Lambrigtsen, S. Lee, J. Le Marshall, W. W. McMillan, L. McMillin, E. T. Olsen, H. Revercomb, P. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, D. Staelin, L. L. Strow, J. Susskind, D. Tobin, W. Wolf, and L. Zhou, “AIRS: improving weather forecasting and providing new data on greenhouse gases,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 87, 911-926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yoshino, K.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, L.

M. T. Chahine, T. S. Pagano, H. H. Aumann, R. Atlas, C. Barnet, J. Blaisdell, L. Chen, M. Divakarla, E. J. Fetzer, M. Goldberg, C. Gautier, S. Granger, S. Hannon, F. W. Irion, R. Kakar, E. Kalnay, B. H. Lambrigtsen, S. Lee, J. Le Marshall, W. W. McMillan, L. McMillin, E. T. Olsen, H. Revercomb, P. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, D. Staelin, L. L. Strow, J. Susskind, D. Tobin, W. Wolf, and L. Zhou, “AIRS: improving weather forecasting and providing new data on greenhouse gases,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 87, 911-926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.

M. T. Chahine, T. S. Pagano, H. H. Aumann, R. Atlas, C. Barnet, J. Blaisdell, L. Chen, M. Divakarla, E. J. Fetzer, M. Goldberg, C. Gautier, S. Granger, S. Hannon, F. W. Irion, R. Kakar, E. Kalnay, B. H. Lambrigtsen, S. Lee, J. Le Marshall, W. W. McMillan, L. McMillin, E. T. Olsen, H. Revercomb, P. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, D. Staelin, L. L. Strow, J. Susskind, D. Tobin, W. Wolf, and L. Zhou, “AIRS: improving weather forecasting and providing new data on greenhouse gases,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 87, 911-926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol.

P. M. Rowe, L. M. Miloshevich, D. D. Turner, and V. P. Walden, “Dry bias in Vaisala RS90 radiosonde humidity profiles over Antarctica,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 25, 1529-1541 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Miloshevich, H. Vömel, A. Paukkunen, A. J. Heymsfield, and S. J. Oltmans, “Characterization and correction of relative humidity measurements from Vaisala RS80-A radiosondes at cold temperatures,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 18, 135-156(2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, H. L. Cole, D. J. Carlson, E. R. Miller, K. Beierle, A. Paukkunen, and T. K. Laine, “Corrections of humidity measurement errors from the Vaisala RS80 radiosonde--Application to TOGA COARE data,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 19, 981-1002 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Miloshevich, A. Paukkunen, H. Vömel, and S. J. Oltmans, “Development and validation of a time-lag correction for Vaisala radiosonde humidity measurements,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1305-1327 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). Part I: Instrument design,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1304-1327 (2004).

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). Part II: Instrument performance,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Sci.

D. D. Turner, D. C. Tobin, S. A. Clough, P. D. Brown, R. G. Ellingson, E. J. Mlawer, R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, T. R. Shippert, W. L. Smith, and M. W. Shephard, “The QME AERI LBLRTM: a closure experiment for downwelling high spectral resolution infrared radiance,” J. Atmos. Sci. 61, 2657-2675(2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

Q. Ma and R. H. Tipping, “Temperature dependences of mechanisms responsible for the water-vapor continuum absorption. I. Far wings of allowed lines,” J. Chem. Phys. 128, 124313, DOI: 10.1063/1.2839604 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Geophys. Res.

V. P. Walden, W. L. Roth, R. S. Stone, and B. Halter, “Radiometric validation of the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder over the Antarctic Plateau,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, D09S03 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Gettelman, V. P. Walden, L. M. Miloshevich, W. L. Roth, and B. Halter, “Relative humidity over Antarctica from radiosondes, satellites, and a general circulation model,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, D09S13 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res. D

D. C. Tobin, F. A. Best, P. D. Brown, S. A. Clough, R. G. Dedecker, R. G. Ellingson, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, R. O. Knuteson, E. J. Mlawer, H. E. Revercomb, J. F. Short, P. F. W. van Delst, and V. P. Walden, “Downwelling spectral radiance observations at the SHEBA ice station: water vapor continuum measurements from 17 to 26 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 2081-2092 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer

L. S. Rothman and Coauthors, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Clough, M. W. Shephard, E. J. Mlawer, J. S. Delamere, M. J. Iacono, K. Cady-Pereira, S. Boukabara, and P. D. Brown, “Atmospheric radiative transfer modeling: a summary of the AER codes. Short communication,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 91, 233-244 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac.

V. P. Walden, M. S. Town, B. Halter, and J. W. V. Storey, “First measurements of the infrared sky brightness at Dome C, Antarctica,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 117(829), 300-308(2005).
[CrossRef]

Other

E. J. Mlawer, S. A. Clough, and D. C. Tobin, “The MT_CKD water vapor continuum: a revised perspective including collision induced effects,” presented at the Atmospheric Science from Space using Fourier Transform Spectrometry (ASSFTS) Workshop, Bad Wildbad (Black Forest), Germany, 8-20 October 2003.

A. Brown and R. H. Tipping, Weakly Interacting Paris: Unconventional Absorbers of Radiation in the Atmosphere, C. Camy-Peyret and A. A. Vigasin, eds. (Kluwer Academic, 2003), p. 99.

D. Turner, Space Science and Engineering Center, University of Wisconsin--Madison, 1225 West Dayton Street, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA (personal communication, 2008).

A. Paukkunen, V. Antikainen, and H. Jauhiainen, “Accuracy and performance of the new Vaisala RS90 radiosonde in operational use,” presented at the 11th AMS Symposium on Meteorological Observations and Instrumentation, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 14-18 January 2001.

F. Best, Space Science and Engineering Center, University of Wisconsin--Madison, 1225 West Dayton Street, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA (personal communications, 2003, 2007).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Radiance measured in the ν 2 band of water vapor by the Polar Atmospheric Infrared Radiance Interferometer (PAERI) at Dome C, Antarctica on 13 January 2004 at 0730 UT. The black line represents the emission measured by the channel 1 detector, while the white line represents that measured by the channel 2 detector; the two overlap from 1750 to 1800 cm 1 .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Sources of uncertainty in the downwelling radiance measured by the Polar Atmospheric Infrared Radiance Interferometer (PAERI) at Dome C, Antarctica on 13 January 2004 at 0730 UT. Contributions to the uncertainty are uncertainties due to calibration (Calibration), the detector’s nonlinear response to signal (DN), and the effective laser wavenumber (ELW). Except as noted for DN, the uncertainties are given as one standard deviation.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Continuum coefficients retrieved on 13 January 2003 at 0730 UT in four bins (vertical dashed lines). Measurements were made approximately every 0.5 cm 1 , but only those continuum coefficients that are used in the average are shown (dots with narrow error bars). For the individual measurements (dots), the error bar encompassing the smaller range is that due only to errors that are correlated with frequency, while the error bar encompassing the larger range includes errors that are random with frequency. The large circles (with wide error bars) indicate the weighted-mean continuum coefficients within each bin. The MT-CKD continuum is shown for reference (dashed line).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Logarithm of continuum coefficients retrieved from 19 measurements made with the Polar Atmospheric Infrared Radiance Interferometer (PAERI) at Dome C, Antarctica for channels 1 and 2 (Ch. 1 and Ch. 2). The points show the weighted mean of continuum coefficients in bins of 5 to 10 cm 1 . The MT-CKD continuum is shown for reference.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Final set of continuum coefficients retrieved in this work from Polar Atmospheric Infrared Radiance Interferometer (PAERI) measurements for the channel 1 and channel 2 detectors, and (b) the log of the continuum coefficients. Error bars are omitted where they are smaller than the plotted symbol. The MT-CKD continuum and the smoothed results of previous work (RWW06) are also shown.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Continuum coefficients retrieved from Polar Atmospheric Infrared Radiance Interferometer (PAERI) measurements in (a) the low-wavenumber wing of the ν 2 band, (b) the center of the band, and (c) the high-wavenumber wing. The results of previous work (RWW06) and the MT-CKD continuum are shown. For clarity, error bars are only shown for RWW06 in the center of the band and at frequencies where the error bars do not overlap those of the new results (gray bars).

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Continuum Coefficients ( C f ) in the Low Wavenumber Wing of the ν 2 Band, from 1350 to 1490 cm 1 , in Continuum Units, Where 1 CU = 10 22 cm 2 molecule 1 a

Tables Icon

Table 2 Continuum Coefficients ( C f ) in the Center of the ν 2 Band, from 1590 to 1610 cm 1 , in Continuum Units, Where 1 CU = 10 22 cm 2 molecule 1 a

Tables Icon

Table 3 Continuum Coefficients ( C f ) in the High Wavenumber Wing of the ν 2 Band, from 1860 to 1970 cm 1 , in Continuum Units, Where 1 CU = 10 22 cm 2 molecule 1 a

Equations (2)

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k = C f ( ρ f ρ o ) + C s ( ρ s ρ o ) + k local ,
σ C 2 = ( C I M ) 2 ( I M x ) 2 σ x 2 + ... + ( C I s ) 2 ( I s y ) 2 σ y 2 + ... ,

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