Abstract

We report the experimental results to continuously tune the coherence length of a semiconductor laser using an optical feedback scheme. The coherence length can be controlled by adjusting the feedback strength when a semiconductor laser operates in a coherence collapse regime. Fine structures of the fringe visibility of the laser output show that the coherence length of the semiconductor laser can be shortened from several meters of the solitary laser to 100μm by the long-cavity optical feedback technique. Experimental results indicate that the coherence length of the laser, depending strongly on the feedback strength, is insensitive to its bias current.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. Afzali and A. T. Rezakhani, “Order parameter of a nanometre-scale s-wave superconducting grain in quantum tunnelling process: frequency space analysis,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 23, 967-970 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Yamamoto and T. Kimura, “Coherent optical fiber transmission systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 919-935 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Donati, “Gyroscopes,” in Electro-Optical Instrumentation: Sensing and Measuring with Lasers (Prentice-Hall, 2004), Chap. 7, p. 277.
  4. M. Peil, I. Fischer, W. Elsässer, S. Bakic, N. Damaschke, C. Tropea, S. Stry, and J. Sacher, “Rainbow refractometry with a tailored incoherent semiconductor laser source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091106 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. Tziraki, R. Jones, P. M. W. French, M. R. Melloch, and D. D. Nolte, “Photorefractive holography for imaging through turbid media using low coherence light,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 151-154 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929-1960 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. W. Tkach and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Regimes of feedback effects in 1.5 ?m distributed feedback lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1655-1661 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. P. Agrawal, “Line narrowing in a single-mode injection laser due to external optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20, 468-471 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. Dowd, I. H. White, M. R. T. Tan, and S. Y. Wang, “Linewidth narrowed vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers for millimeter-wave generation by optical heterodyning,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 3, 405-408 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. Garcia-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fiber-optic links,” Nature 437, 343-346(2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. F. Y. Lin and J. M. Liu, “Chaotic lidar,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 991-997 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Y. C. Wang, B. J. Wang, and A. B. Wang, “Chaotic correlation optical time domain reflectometer utilizing laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1636-1638 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  14. D. Lenstra, B. H. Verbeek, and A. J. Den Boef, “Coherence collapse in single-mode semiconductor lasers due to optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 674-679(1985).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. S. Cohen, F. Wittgrefe, M. D. Hoogerland, and J. P. Woerdman, “Optical spectra of a semiconductor laser with incoherent optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 982-990 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  16. W. A. Hamel, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Coherence properties of a semiconductor laser with feedback from a distant reflector: experiment and theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1459-1469 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. Peil, I. Fischer, and W. Elsässer, “Spectral broadband dynamics of semiconductor lasers with resonant short cavities,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023805 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. Hohl, H. J. C. van der Linden, and R. Roy, “Determinism and stochasticity of power-dropout events in semiconductor lasers with optical feedback,” Opt. Lett. 20, 2396-1398(1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. T. Heil, I. Fischer, and W. Elsaesser, “Coexistence of low-frequency fluctuations and stable emission on a single high-gain mode in semiconductor lasers with external optical feedback,” Phys. Rev. A 58, R2672-R2675(1998).
    [CrossRef]

2008

Y. C. Wang, B. J. Wang, and A. B. Wang, “Chaotic correlation optical time domain reflectometer utilizing laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1636-1638 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006

R. Afzali and A. T. Rezakhani, “Order parameter of a nanometre-scale s-wave superconducting grain in quantum tunnelling process: frequency space analysis,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 23, 967-970 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Peil, I. Fischer, W. Elsässer, S. Bakic, N. Damaschke, C. Tropea, S. Stry, and J. Sacher, “Rainbow refractometry with a tailored incoherent semiconductor laser source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Peil, I. Fischer, and W. Elsässer, “Spectral broadband dynamics of semiconductor lasers with resonant short cavities,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023805 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. Garcia-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fiber-optic links,” Nature 437, 343-346(2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

F. Y. Lin and J. M. Liu, “Chaotic lidar,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 991-997 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Donati, “Gyroscopes,” in Electro-Optical Instrumentation: Sensing and Measuring with Lasers (Prentice-Hall, 2004), Chap. 7, p. 277.

2000

M. Tziraki, R. Jones, P. M. W. French, M. R. Melloch, and D. D. Nolte, “Photorefractive holography for imaging through turbid media using low coherence light,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 151-154 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929-1960 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

T. Heil, I. Fischer, and W. Elsaesser, “Coexistence of low-frequency fluctuations and stable emission on a single high-gain mode in semiconductor lasers with external optical feedback,” Phys. Rev. A 58, R2672-R2675(1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

P. Dowd, I. H. White, M. R. T. Tan, and S. Y. Wang, “Linewidth narrowed vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers for millimeter-wave generation by optical heterodyning,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 3, 405-408 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995

1992

W. A. Hamel, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Coherence properties of a semiconductor laser with feedback from a distant reflector: experiment and theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1459-1469 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990

J. S. Cohen, F. Wittgrefe, M. D. Hoogerland, and J. P. Woerdman, “Optical spectra of a semiconductor laser with incoherent optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 982-990 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1986

R. W. Tkach and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Regimes of feedback effects in 1.5 ?m distributed feedback lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1655-1661 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985

D. Lenstra, B. H. Verbeek, and A. J. Den Boef, “Coherence collapse in single-mode semiconductor lasers due to optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 674-679(1985).
[CrossRef]

1984

G. P. Agrawal, “Line narrowing in a single-mode injection laser due to external optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20, 468-471 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1981

Y. Yamamoto and T. Kimura, “Coherent optical fiber transmission systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 919-935 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Afzali, R.

R. Afzali and A. T. Rezakhani, “Order parameter of a nanometre-scale s-wave superconducting grain in quantum tunnelling process: frequency space analysis,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 23, 967-970 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, “Line narrowing in a single-mode injection laser due to external optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20, 468-471 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Annovazzi-Lodi, V.

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. Garcia-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fiber-optic links,” Nature 437, 343-346(2005).
[CrossRef]

Argyris, A.

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. Garcia-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fiber-optic links,” Nature 437, 343-346(2005).
[CrossRef]

Bakic, S.

M. Peil, I. Fischer, W. Elsässer, S. Bakic, N. Damaschke, C. Tropea, S. Stry, and J. Sacher, “Rainbow refractometry with a tailored incoherent semiconductor laser source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chang, W.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chraplyvy, A. R.

R. W. Tkach and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Regimes of feedback effects in 1.5 ?m distributed feedback lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1655-1661 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, J. S.

J. S. Cohen, F. Wittgrefe, M. D. Hoogerland, and J. P. Woerdman, “Optical spectra of a semiconductor laser with incoherent optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 982-990 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Colet, P.

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. Garcia-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fiber-optic links,” Nature 437, 343-346(2005).
[CrossRef]

Damaschke, N.

M. Peil, I. Fischer, W. Elsässer, S. Bakic, N. Damaschke, C. Tropea, S. Stry, and J. Sacher, “Rainbow refractometry with a tailored incoherent semiconductor laser source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Den Boef, A. J.

D. Lenstra, B. H. Verbeek, and A. J. Den Boef, “Coherence collapse in single-mode semiconductor lasers due to optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 674-679(1985).
[CrossRef]

Donati, S.

S. Donati, “Gyroscopes,” in Electro-Optical Instrumentation: Sensing and Measuring with Lasers (Prentice-Hall, 2004), Chap. 7, p. 277.

Dowd, P.

P. Dowd, I. H. White, M. R. T. Tan, and S. Y. Wang, “Linewidth narrowed vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers for millimeter-wave generation by optical heterodyning,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 3, 405-408 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Elsaesser, W.

T. Heil, I. Fischer, and W. Elsaesser, “Coexistence of low-frequency fluctuations and stable emission on a single high-gain mode in semiconductor lasers with external optical feedback,” Phys. Rev. A 58, R2672-R2675(1998).
[CrossRef]

Elsässer, W.

M. Peil, I. Fischer, and W. Elsässer, “Spectral broadband dynamics of semiconductor lasers with resonant short cavities,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023805 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Peil, I. Fischer, W. Elsässer, S. Bakic, N. Damaschke, C. Tropea, S. Stry, and J. Sacher, “Rainbow refractometry with a tailored incoherent semiconductor laser source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, I.

M. Peil, I. Fischer, W. Elsässer, S. Bakic, N. Damaschke, C. Tropea, S. Stry, and J. Sacher, “Rainbow refractometry with a tailored incoherent semiconductor laser source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Peil, I. Fischer, and W. Elsässer, “Spectral broadband dynamics of semiconductor lasers with resonant short cavities,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023805 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. Garcia-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fiber-optic links,” Nature 437, 343-346(2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Heil, I. Fischer, and W. Elsaesser, “Coexistence of low-frequency fluctuations and stable emission on a single high-gain mode in semiconductor lasers with external optical feedback,” Phys. Rev. A 58, R2672-R2675(1998).
[CrossRef]

Flotte, T.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

French, P. M. W.

M. Tziraki, R. Jones, P. M. W. French, M. R. Melloch, and D. D. Nolte, “Photorefractive holography for imaging through turbid media using low coherence light,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 151-154 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garcia-Ojalvo, J.

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. Garcia-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fiber-optic links,” Nature 437, 343-346(2005).
[CrossRef]

Gregory, K.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hamel, W. A.

W. A. Hamel, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Coherence properties of a semiconductor laser with feedback from a distant reflector: experiment and theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1459-1469 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hee, M. R.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heil, T.

T. Heil, I. Fischer, and W. Elsaesser, “Coexistence of low-frequency fluctuations and stable emission on a single high-gain mode in semiconductor lasers with external optical feedback,” Phys. Rev. A 58, R2672-R2675(1998).
[CrossRef]

Hohl, A.

Hoogerland, M. D.

J. S. Cohen, F. Wittgrefe, M. D. Hoogerland, and J. P. Woerdman, “Optical spectra of a semiconductor laser with incoherent optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 982-990 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Huang, D.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jones, R.

M. Tziraki, R. Jones, P. M. W. French, M. R. Melloch, and D. D. Nolte, “Photorefractive holography for imaging through turbid media using low coherence light,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 151-154 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, T.

Y. Yamamoto and T. Kimura, “Coherent optical fiber transmission systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 919-935 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Larger, L.

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. Garcia-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fiber-optic links,” Nature 437, 343-346(2005).
[CrossRef]

Lenstra, D.

D. Lenstra, B. H. Verbeek, and A. J. Den Boef, “Coherence collapse in single-mode semiconductor lasers due to optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 674-679(1985).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. P.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, F. Y.

F. Y. Lin and J. M. Liu, “Chaotic lidar,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 991-997 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. M.

F. Y. Lin and J. M. Liu, “Chaotic lidar,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 991-997 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Melloch, M. R.

M. Tziraki, R. Jones, P. M. W. French, M. R. Melloch, and D. D. Nolte, “Photorefractive holography for imaging through turbid media using low coherence light,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 151-154 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mirasso, C. R.

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. Garcia-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fiber-optic links,” Nature 437, 343-346(2005).
[CrossRef]

Nolte, D. D.

M. Tziraki, R. Jones, P. M. W. French, M. R. Melloch, and D. D. Nolte, “Photorefractive holography for imaging through turbid media using low coherence light,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 151-154 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Peil, M.

M. Peil, I. Fischer, W. Elsässer, S. Bakic, N. Damaschke, C. Tropea, S. Stry, and J. Sacher, “Rainbow refractometry with a tailored incoherent semiconductor laser source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Peil, I. Fischer, and W. Elsässer, “Spectral broadband dynamics of semiconductor lasers with resonant short cavities,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023805 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pesquera, L.

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. Garcia-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fiber-optic links,” Nature 437, 343-346(2005).
[CrossRef]

Puliafito, C. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rezakhani, A. T.

R. Afzali and A. T. Rezakhani, “Order parameter of a nanometre-scale s-wave superconducting grain in quantum tunnelling process: frequency space analysis,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 23, 967-970 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Roy, R.

Sacher, J.

M. Peil, I. Fischer, W. Elsässer, S. Bakic, N. Damaschke, C. Tropea, S. Stry, and J. Sacher, “Rainbow refractometry with a tailored incoherent semiconductor laser source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schuman, J. S.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shore, K. A.

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. Garcia-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fiber-optic links,” Nature 437, 343-346(2005).
[CrossRef]

Stinson, W. G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stry, S.

M. Peil, I. Fischer, W. Elsässer, S. Bakic, N. Damaschke, C. Tropea, S. Stry, and J. Sacher, “Rainbow refractometry with a tailored incoherent semiconductor laser source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Swanson, E. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Syvridis, D.

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. Garcia-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fiber-optic links,” Nature 437, 343-346(2005).
[CrossRef]

Tan, M. R. T.

P. Dowd, I. H. White, M. R. T. Tan, and S. Y. Wang, “Linewidth narrowed vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers for millimeter-wave generation by optical heterodyning,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 3, 405-408 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tkach, R. W.

R. W. Tkach and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Regimes of feedback effects in 1.5 ?m distributed feedback lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1655-1661 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Tropea, C.

M. Peil, I. Fischer, W. Elsässer, S. Bakic, N. Damaschke, C. Tropea, S. Stry, and J. Sacher, “Rainbow refractometry with a tailored incoherent semiconductor laser source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tziraki, M.

M. Tziraki, R. Jones, P. M. W. French, M. R. Melloch, and D. D. Nolte, “Photorefractive holography for imaging through turbid media using low coherence light,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 151-154 (2000).
[CrossRef]

van der Linden, H. J. C.

van Exter, M. P.

W. A. Hamel, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Coherence properties of a semiconductor laser with feedback from a distant reflector: experiment and theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1459-1469 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Verbeek, B. H.

D. Lenstra, B. H. Verbeek, and A. J. Den Boef, “Coherence collapse in single-mode semiconductor lasers due to optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 674-679(1985).
[CrossRef]

Wang, A. B.

Y. C. Wang, B. J. Wang, and A. B. Wang, “Chaotic correlation optical time domain reflectometer utilizing laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1636-1638 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, B. J.

Y. C. Wang, B. J. Wang, and A. B. Wang, “Chaotic correlation optical time domain reflectometer utilizing laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1636-1638 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S. Y.

P. Dowd, I. H. White, M. R. T. Tan, and S. Y. Wang, “Linewidth narrowed vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers for millimeter-wave generation by optical heterodyning,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 3, 405-408 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. C.

Y. C. Wang, B. J. Wang, and A. B. Wang, “Chaotic correlation optical time domain reflectometer utilizing laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1636-1638 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929-1960 (2000).
[CrossRef]

White, I. H.

P. Dowd, I. H. White, M. R. T. Tan, and S. Y. Wang, “Linewidth narrowed vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers for millimeter-wave generation by optical heterodyning,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 3, 405-408 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wittgrefe, F.

J. S. Cohen, F. Wittgrefe, M. D. Hoogerland, and J. P. Woerdman, “Optical spectra of a semiconductor laser with incoherent optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 982-990 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Woerdman, J. P.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the tuning coherent length of the semiconductor laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Time series, optical spectrum, and interference fringe of the laser’s output (a), (c), (e) without optical feedback and (b), (d), (f) with optical feedback strength of r = 20.6 dB . (e), (f) Length difference l is 4 mm , and Δ l is the variation of the length difference. Bias current I b = 1.52 I th .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Coherence length l c versus optical feedback strength r with a time series of (a) P1, (b) P2, (c) chaos. P1, Period 1 oscillation; P2, Period 2 oscillation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Coherence length l c versus current ratio I b / I th at different feedback strengths. Optical feedback strength r = 23.0 , 20.2 , and 18.6 dB .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured visibility versus the length difference of the Michelson interferometer. The optical feedback strength is r = 13 dB .

Equations (1)

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V ( l ) = P max P min P max + P min ,

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