Abstract

We demonstrate low-speckle laser projection using a broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) emitting at 840 nm wavelength as the illumination source. By driving the source in a nonmodal emission regime, we were able to achieve speckle contrast values as low as 3.5% in a realistic projection setup. This was done by driving the VCSEL with specific current pulses without using any additional or mechanically moving components to destroy the coherence of the laser beam. We quantitatively model the speckle contrast reduction based on polarization scrambling and the reduced temporal and spatial coherence of the VCSEL.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. W. Goodman, Speckle Phenomena in Optics: Theory and Applications (Roberts & Co., 2006).
  2. L. Wang, T. Tschudi, T. Halldórsson, and P. R. Pétursson, “Speckle reduction in laser projection systems by diffractive optical elements,” Appl. Opt. 37, 1770-1775 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. C. Shin, S. S. Yooa, S. Y. Leea, C.-Y. Parka, S.-Y. Parka, J. W. Kwona, and S.-G. Leea, “Removal of hot spot speckle on laser projection screen using both the running screen and the rotating diffuser,” Displays 27, 91-96(2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Peeters, G. Verschaffelt, H. Thienpont, S. K. Mandre, I. Fischer, and M. Grabherr, “Spatial decoherence of pulsed broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 13, 9337-9345 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. F. Riechert, G. Verschaffelt, M. Peeters, G. Bastian, U. Lemmer, and I. Fischer, “Speckle characteristics of a broad-area VCSEL in the incoherent emission regime,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4424-4431 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. Van Giel, Y. Meuret, L. Bogaert, H. Murat, H. De Smet, and H. Thienpont, “Efficient and compact illumination in LED projection displays,” SID Symp. Dig. 38, 947-950 (2007).
  7. P. Schreiber, S. Kudaev, P. Dannberg, and U. D. Zeitner, “Homogeneous LED-illumination using microlens arrays,” Proc. SPIE 5942, 59420K (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. F. Riechert, F. Glöckler, and U. Lemmer, “Method to determine the speckle characteristics of front projection screens,” submitted to Appl. Opt. (2008).
  9. H. Li and K. Iga, Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser Devices (Springer, 2003).
  10. E. Wolf and G. S. Agarwal, “Coherence theory of laser resonator modes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 1, 541-546 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. Verschaffelt, G. Craggs, M. Peeters, S. K. Mandre, H. Thienpont, and I. Fischer, “Spatially resolved characterization of the coherence area in the incoherent emission regime of a broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” accepted for publication in IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2008).
  12. S. K. Mandre, W. Elsässer, I. Fischer, M. Peeters, and G. Verschaffelt, “Determining the temporally and radially resolved temperature distribution inside a pulsed broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151106 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Mooradian, S. Antikichev, B. Cantos, G. Carey, M. Jansen, S. Hallstein, W. Hitchens, D. Lee, J.-M. Pelaprat, R. Nabiev, G. Niven, A. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, and J. Watson, “High power extended vertical cavity surface emitting diode lasers and arrays and their applications,” presented at Micro-Optics Conference, Tokyo, Japan (2005).
  14. M. Miller, M. Grabherr, R. Jäger, and K. J. Ebeling, “High-power VCSEL arrays for emission in the watt regime at room temperature,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 173-175(2001).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (3)

F. Riechert, G. Verschaffelt, M. Peeters, G. Bastian, U. Lemmer, and I. Fischer, “Speckle characteristics of a broad-area VCSEL in the incoherent emission regime,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4424-4431 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Riechert, F. Glöckler, and U. Lemmer, “Method to determine the speckle characteristics of front projection screens,” submitted to Appl. Opt. (2008).

G. Verschaffelt, G. Craggs, M. Peeters, S. K. Mandre, H. Thienpont, and I. Fischer, “Spatially resolved characterization of the coherence area in the incoherent emission regime of a broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” accepted for publication in IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2008).

2007 (1)

B. Van Giel, Y. Meuret, L. Bogaert, H. Murat, H. De Smet, and H. Thienpont, “Efficient and compact illumination in LED projection displays,” SID Symp. Dig. 38, 947-950 (2007).

2006 (2)

S. C. Shin, S. S. Yooa, S. Y. Leea, C.-Y. Parka, S.-Y. Parka, J. W. Kwona, and S.-G. Leea, “Removal of hot spot speckle on laser projection screen using both the running screen and the rotating diffuser,” Displays 27, 91-96(2006).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Mandre, W. Elsässer, I. Fischer, M. Peeters, and G. Verschaffelt, “Determining the temporally and radially resolved temperature distribution inside a pulsed broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

2001 (1)

M. Miller, M. Grabherr, R. Jäger, and K. J. Ebeling, “High-power VCSEL arrays for emission in the watt regime at room temperature,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 173-175(2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1984 (1)

Agarwal, G. S.

Antikichev, S.

A. Mooradian, S. Antikichev, B. Cantos, G. Carey, M. Jansen, S. Hallstein, W. Hitchens, D. Lee, J.-M. Pelaprat, R. Nabiev, G. Niven, A. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, and J. Watson, “High power extended vertical cavity surface emitting diode lasers and arrays and their applications,” presented at Micro-Optics Conference, Tokyo, Japan (2005).

Bastian, G.

F. Riechert, G. Verschaffelt, M. Peeters, G. Bastian, U. Lemmer, and I. Fischer, “Speckle characteristics of a broad-area VCSEL in the incoherent emission regime,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4424-4431 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bogaert, L.

B. Van Giel, Y. Meuret, L. Bogaert, H. Murat, H. De Smet, and H. Thienpont, “Efficient and compact illumination in LED projection displays,” SID Symp. Dig. 38, 947-950 (2007).

Cantos, B.

A. Mooradian, S. Antikichev, B. Cantos, G. Carey, M. Jansen, S. Hallstein, W. Hitchens, D. Lee, J.-M. Pelaprat, R. Nabiev, G. Niven, A. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, and J. Watson, “High power extended vertical cavity surface emitting diode lasers and arrays and their applications,” presented at Micro-Optics Conference, Tokyo, Japan (2005).

Carey, G.

A. Mooradian, S. Antikichev, B. Cantos, G. Carey, M. Jansen, S. Hallstein, W. Hitchens, D. Lee, J.-M. Pelaprat, R. Nabiev, G. Niven, A. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, and J. Watson, “High power extended vertical cavity surface emitting diode lasers and arrays and their applications,” presented at Micro-Optics Conference, Tokyo, Japan (2005).

Craggs, G.

G. Verschaffelt, G. Craggs, M. Peeters, S. K. Mandre, H. Thienpont, and I. Fischer, “Spatially resolved characterization of the coherence area in the incoherent emission regime of a broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” accepted for publication in IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2008).

Dannberg, P.

P. Schreiber, S. Kudaev, P. Dannberg, and U. D. Zeitner, “Homogeneous LED-illumination using microlens arrays,” Proc. SPIE 5942, 59420K (2005).
[CrossRef]

De Smet, H.

B. Van Giel, Y. Meuret, L. Bogaert, H. Murat, H. De Smet, and H. Thienpont, “Efficient and compact illumination in LED projection displays,” SID Symp. Dig. 38, 947-950 (2007).

Ebeling, K. J.

M. Miller, M. Grabherr, R. Jäger, and K. J. Ebeling, “High-power VCSEL arrays for emission in the watt regime at room temperature,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 173-175(2001).
[CrossRef]

Elsässer, W.

S. K. Mandre, W. Elsässer, I. Fischer, M. Peeters, and G. Verschaffelt, “Determining the temporally and radially resolved temperature distribution inside a pulsed broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, I.

G. Verschaffelt, G. Craggs, M. Peeters, S. K. Mandre, H. Thienpont, and I. Fischer, “Spatially resolved characterization of the coherence area in the incoherent emission regime of a broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” accepted for publication in IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2008).

F. Riechert, G. Verschaffelt, M. Peeters, G. Bastian, U. Lemmer, and I. Fischer, “Speckle characteristics of a broad-area VCSEL in the incoherent emission regime,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4424-4431 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Mandre, W. Elsässer, I. Fischer, M. Peeters, and G. Verschaffelt, “Determining the temporally and radially resolved temperature distribution inside a pulsed broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Peeters, G. Verschaffelt, H. Thienpont, S. K. Mandre, I. Fischer, and M. Grabherr, “Spatial decoherence of pulsed broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 13, 9337-9345 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Glöckler, F.

F. Riechert, F. Glöckler, and U. Lemmer, “Method to determine the speckle characteristics of front projection screens,” submitted to Appl. Opt. (2008).

Goodman, J. W.

J. W. Goodman, Speckle Phenomena in Optics: Theory and Applications (Roberts & Co., 2006).

Grabherr, M.

M. Peeters, G. Verschaffelt, H. Thienpont, S. K. Mandre, I. Fischer, and M. Grabherr, “Spatial decoherence of pulsed broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 13, 9337-9345 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Miller, M. Grabherr, R. Jäger, and K. J. Ebeling, “High-power VCSEL arrays for emission in the watt regime at room temperature,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 173-175(2001).
[CrossRef]

Halldórsson, T.

Hallstein, S.

A. Mooradian, S. Antikichev, B. Cantos, G. Carey, M. Jansen, S. Hallstein, W. Hitchens, D. Lee, J.-M. Pelaprat, R. Nabiev, G. Niven, A. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, and J. Watson, “High power extended vertical cavity surface emitting diode lasers and arrays and their applications,” presented at Micro-Optics Conference, Tokyo, Japan (2005).

Hitchens, W.

A. Mooradian, S. Antikichev, B. Cantos, G. Carey, M. Jansen, S. Hallstein, W. Hitchens, D. Lee, J.-M. Pelaprat, R. Nabiev, G. Niven, A. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, and J. Watson, “High power extended vertical cavity surface emitting diode lasers and arrays and their applications,” presented at Micro-Optics Conference, Tokyo, Japan (2005).

Iga, K.

H. Li and K. Iga, Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser Devices (Springer, 2003).

Jäger, R.

M. Miller, M. Grabherr, R. Jäger, and K. J. Ebeling, “High-power VCSEL arrays for emission in the watt regime at room temperature,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 173-175(2001).
[CrossRef]

Jansen, M.

A. Mooradian, S. Antikichev, B. Cantos, G. Carey, M. Jansen, S. Hallstein, W. Hitchens, D. Lee, J.-M. Pelaprat, R. Nabiev, G. Niven, A. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, and J. Watson, “High power extended vertical cavity surface emitting diode lasers and arrays and their applications,” presented at Micro-Optics Conference, Tokyo, Japan (2005).

Kudaev, S.

P. Schreiber, S. Kudaev, P. Dannberg, and U. D. Zeitner, “Homogeneous LED-illumination using microlens arrays,” Proc. SPIE 5942, 59420K (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kwona, J. W.

S. C. Shin, S. S. Yooa, S. Y. Leea, C.-Y. Parka, S.-Y. Parka, J. W. Kwona, and S.-G. Leea, “Removal of hot spot speckle on laser projection screen using both the running screen and the rotating diffuser,” Displays 27, 91-96(2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, D.

A. Mooradian, S. Antikichev, B. Cantos, G. Carey, M. Jansen, S. Hallstein, W. Hitchens, D. Lee, J.-M. Pelaprat, R. Nabiev, G. Niven, A. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, and J. Watson, “High power extended vertical cavity surface emitting diode lasers and arrays and their applications,” presented at Micro-Optics Conference, Tokyo, Japan (2005).

Leea, S. Y.

S. C. Shin, S. S. Yooa, S. Y. Leea, C.-Y. Parka, S.-Y. Parka, J. W. Kwona, and S.-G. Leea, “Removal of hot spot speckle on laser projection screen using both the running screen and the rotating diffuser,” Displays 27, 91-96(2006).
[CrossRef]

Leea, S.-G.

S. C. Shin, S. S. Yooa, S. Y. Leea, C.-Y. Parka, S.-Y. Parka, J. W. Kwona, and S.-G. Leea, “Removal of hot spot speckle on laser projection screen using both the running screen and the rotating diffuser,” Displays 27, 91-96(2006).
[CrossRef]

Lemmer, U.

F. Riechert, G. Verschaffelt, M. Peeters, G. Bastian, U. Lemmer, and I. Fischer, “Speckle characteristics of a broad-area VCSEL in the incoherent emission regime,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4424-4431 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Riechert, F. Glöckler, and U. Lemmer, “Method to determine the speckle characteristics of front projection screens,” submitted to Appl. Opt. (2008).

Li, H.

H. Li and K. Iga, Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser Devices (Springer, 2003).

Mandre, S. K.

G. Verschaffelt, G. Craggs, M. Peeters, S. K. Mandre, H. Thienpont, and I. Fischer, “Spatially resolved characterization of the coherence area in the incoherent emission regime of a broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” accepted for publication in IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2008).

S. K. Mandre, W. Elsässer, I. Fischer, M. Peeters, and G. Verschaffelt, “Determining the temporally and radially resolved temperature distribution inside a pulsed broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Peeters, G. Verschaffelt, H. Thienpont, S. K. Mandre, I. Fischer, and M. Grabherr, “Spatial decoherence of pulsed broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 13, 9337-9345 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Meuret, Y.

B. Van Giel, Y. Meuret, L. Bogaert, H. Murat, H. De Smet, and H. Thienpont, “Efficient and compact illumination in LED projection displays,” SID Symp. Dig. 38, 947-950 (2007).

Miller, M.

M. Miller, M. Grabherr, R. Jäger, and K. J. Ebeling, “High-power VCSEL arrays for emission in the watt regime at room temperature,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 173-175(2001).
[CrossRef]

Mooradian, A.

A. Mooradian, S. Antikichev, B. Cantos, G. Carey, M. Jansen, S. Hallstein, W. Hitchens, D. Lee, J.-M. Pelaprat, R. Nabiev, G. Niven, A. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, and J. Watson, “High power extended vertical cavity surface emitting diode lasers and arrays and their applications,” presented at Micro-Optics Conference, Tokyo, Japan (2005).

Murat, H.

B. Van Giel, Y. Meuret, L. Bogaert, H. Murat, H. De Smet, and H. Thienpont, “Efficient and compact illumination in LED projection displays,” SID Symp. Dig. 38, 947-950 (2007).

Nabiev, R.

A. Mooradian, S. Antikichev, B. Cantos, G. Carey, M. Jansen, S. Hallstein, W. Hitchens, D. Lee, J.-M. Pelaprat, R. Nabiev, G. Niven, A. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, and J. Watson, “High power extended vertical cavity surface emitting diode lasers and arrays and their applications,” presented at Micro-Optics Conference, Tokyo, Japan (2005).

Niven, G.

A. Mooradian, S. Antikichev, B. Cantos, G. Carey, M. Jansen, S. Hallstein, W. Hitchens, D. Lee, J.-M. Pelaprat, R. Nabiev, G. Niven, A. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, and J. Watson, “High power extended vertical cavity surface emitting diode lasers and arrays and their applications,” presented at Micro-Optics Conference, Tokyo, Japan (2005).

Parka, C.-Y.

S. C. Shin, S. S. Yooa, S. Y. Leea, C.-Y. Parka, S.-Y. Parka, J. W. Kwona, and S.-G. Leea, “Removal of hot spot speckle on laser projection screen using both the running screen and the rotating diffuser,” Displays 27, 91-96(2006).
[CrossRef]

Parka, S.-Y.

S. C. Shin, S. S. Yooa, S. Y. Leea, C.-Y. Parka, S.-Y. Parka, J. W. Kwona, and S.-G. Leea, “Removal of hot spot speckle on laser projection screen using both the running screen and the rotating diffuser,” Displays 27, 91-96(2006).
[CrossRef]

Peeters, M.

F. Riechert, G. Verschaffelt, M. Peeters, G. Bastian, U. Lemmer, and I. Fischer, “Speckle characteristics of a broad-area VCSEL in the incoherent emission regime,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4424-4431 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Verschaffelt, G. Craggs, M. Peeters, S. K. Mandre, H. Thienpont, and I. Fischer, “Spatially resolved characterization of the coherence area in the incoherent emission regime of a broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” accepted for publication in IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2008).

S. K. Mandre, W. Elsässer, I. Fischer, M. Peeters, and G. Verschaffelt, “Determining the temporally and radially resolved temperature distribution inside a pulsed broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Peeters, G. Verschaffelt, H. Thienpont, S. K. Mandre, I. Fischer, and M. Grabherr, “Spatial decoherence of pulsed broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 13, 9337-9345 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pelaprat, J.-M.

A. Mooradian, S. Antikichev, B. Cantos, G. Carey, M. Jansen, S. Hallstein, W. Hitchens, D. Lee, J.-M. Pelaprat, R. Nabiev, G. Niven, A. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, and J. Watson, “High power extended vertical cavity surface emitting diode lasers and arrays and their applications,” presented at Micro-Optics Conference, Tokyo, Japan (2005).

Pétursson, P. R.

Riechert, F.

F. Riechert, G. Verschaffelt, M. Peeters, G. Bastian, U. Lemmer, and I. Fischer, “Speckle characteristics of a broad-area VCSEL in the incoherent emission regime,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4424-4431 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Riechert, F. Glöckler, and U. Lemmer, “Method to determine the speckle characteristics of front projection screens,” submitted to Appl. Opt. (2008).

Schreiber, P.

P. Schreiber, S. Kudaev, P. Dannberg, and U. D. Zeitner, “Homogeneous LED-illumination using microlens arrays,” Proc. SPIE 5942, 59420K (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shchegrov, A.

A. Mooradian, S. Antikichev, B. Cantos, G. Carey, M. Jansen, S. Hallstein, W. Hitchens, D. Lee, J.-M. Pelaprat, R. Nabiev, G. Niven, A. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, and J. Watson, “High power extended vertical cavity surface emitting diode lasers and arrays and their applications,” presented at Micro-Optics Conference, Tokyo, Japan (2005).

Shin, S. C.

S. C. Shin, S. S. Yooa, S. Y. Leea, C.-Y. Parka, S.-Y. Parka, J. W. Kwona, and S.-G. Leea, “Removal of hot spot speckle on laser projection screen using both the running screen and the rotating diffuser,” Displays 27, 91-96(2006).
[CrossRef]

Thienpont, H.

G. Verschaffelt, G. Craggs, M. Peeters, S. K. Mandre, H. Thienpont, and I. Fischer, “Spatially resolved characterization of the coherence area in the incoherent emission regime of a broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” accepted for publication in IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2008).

B. Van Giel, Y. Meuret, L. Bogaert, H. Murat, H. De Smet, and H. Thienpont, “Efficient and compact illumination in LED projection displays,” SID Symp. Dig. 38, 947-950 (2007).

M. Peeters, G. Verschaffelt, H. Thienpont, S. K. Mandre, I. Fischer, and M. Grabherr, “Spatial decoherence of pulsed broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 13, 9337-9345 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tschudi, T.

Umbrasas, A.

A. Mooradian, S. Antikichev, B. Cantos, G. Carey, M. Jansen, S. Hallstein, W. Hitchens, D. Lee, J.-M. Pelaprat, R. Nabiev, G. Niven, A. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, and J. Watson, “High power extended vertical cavity surface emitting diode lasers and arrays and their applications,” presented at Micro-Optics Conference, Tokyo, Japan (2005).

Van Giel, B.

B. Van Giel, Y. Meuret, L. Bogaert, H. Murat, H. De Smet, and H. Thienpont, “Efficient and compact illumination in LED projection displays,” SID Symp. Dig. 38, 947-950 (2007).

Verschaffelt, G.

F. Riechert, G. Verschaffelt, M. Peeters, G. Bastian, U. Lemmer, and I. Fischer, “Speckle characteristics of a broad-area VCSEL in the incoherent emission regime,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4424-4431 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Verschaffelt, G. Craggs, M. Peeters, S. K. Mandre, H. Thienpont, and I. Fischer, “Spatially resolved characterization of the coherence area in the incoherent emission regime of a broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” accepted for publication in IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2008).

S. K. Mandre, W. Elsässer, I. Fischer, M. Peeters, and G. Verschaffelt, “Determining the temporally and radially resolved temperature distribution inside a pulsed broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Peeters, G. Verschaffelt, H. Thienpont, S. K. Mandre, I. Fischer, and M. Grabherr, “Spatial decoherence of pulsed broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 13, 9337-9345 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.

Watson, J.

A. Mooradian, S. Antikichev, B. Cantos, G. Carey, M. Jansen, S. Hallstein, W. Hitchens, D. Lee, J.-M. Pelaprat, R. Nabiev, G. Niven, A. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, and J. Watson, “High power extended vertical cavity surface emitting diode lasers and arrays and their applications,” presented at Micro-Optics Conference, Tokyo, Japan (2005).

Wolf, E.

Yooa, S. S.

S. C. Shin, S. S. Yooa, S. Y. Leea, C.-Y. Parka, S.-Y. Parka, J. W. Kwona, and S.-G. Leea, “Removal of hot spot speckle on laser projection screen using both the running screen and the rotating diffuser,” Displays 27, 91-96(2006).
[CrossRef]

Zeitner, U. D.

P. Schreiber, S. Kudaev, P. Dannberg, and U. D. Zeitner, “Homogeneous LED-illumination using microlens arrays,” Proc. SPIE 5942, 59420K (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

F. Riechert, F. Glöckler, and U. Lemmer, “Method to determine the speckle characteristics of front projection screens,” submitted to Appl. Opt. (2008).

L. Wang, T. Tschudi, T. Halldórsson, and P. R. Pétursson, “Speckle reduction in laser projection systems by diffractive optical elements,” Appl. Opt. 37, 1770-1775 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. K. Mandre, W. Elsässer, I. Fischer, M. Peeters, and G. Verschaffelt, “Determining the temporally and radially resolved temperature distribution inside a pulsed broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Displays (1)

S. C. Shin, S. S. Yooa, S. Y. Leea, C.-Y. Parka, S.-Y. Parka, J. W. Kwona, and S.-G. Leea, “Removal of hot spot speckle on laser projection screen using both the running screen and the rotating diffuser,” Displays 27, 91-96(2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. Verschaffelt, G. Craggs, M. Peeters, S. K. Mandre, H. Thienpont, and I. Fischer, “Spatially resolved characterization of the coherence area in the incoherent emission regime of a broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” accepted for publication in IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2008).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Miller, M. Grabherr, R. Jäger, and K. J. Ebeling, “High-power VCSEL arrays for emission in the watt regime at room temperature,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 173-175(2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

F. Riechert, G. Verschaffelt, M. Peeters, G. Bastian, U. Lemmer, and I. Fischer, “Speckle characteristics of a broad-area VCSEL in the incoherent emission regime,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4424-4431 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

P. Schreiber, S. Kudaev, P. Dannberg, and U. D. Zeitner, “Homogeneous LED-illumination using microlens arrays,” Proc. SPIE 5942, 59420K (2005).
[CrossRef]

SID Symp. Dig. (1)

B. Van Giel, Y. Meuret, L. Bogaert, H. Murat, H. De Smet, and H. Thienpont, “Efficient and compact illumination in LED projection displays,” SID Symp. Dig. 38, 947-950 (2007).

Other (3)

J. W. Goodman, Speckle Phenomena in Optics: Theory and Applications (Roberts & Co., 2006).

A. Mooradian, S. Antikichev, B. Cantos, G. Carey, M. Jansen, S. Hallstein, W. Hitchens, D. Lee, J.-M. Pelaprat, R. Nabiev, G. Niven, A. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, and J. Watson, “High power extended vertical cavity surface emitting diode lasers and arrays and their applications,” presented at Micro-Optics Conference, Tokyo, Japan (2005).

H. Li and K. Iga, Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser Devices (Springer, 2003).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics