Abstract

We propose a novel approach to designing an optical filter with a flat-top and ultranarrow transmission band by using a sampled fiber Bragg grating (SFBG) having multiple equivalent phase shifts (EPSs). In the proposed approach, multiple EPSs are fabricated by adjusting several sampling periods of the SFBG. The obtained multiple EPSs are then arranged properly to get a flat-top transmission band in the narrow 1st reflection band of the SFBG, leading to the generation of a flat and ultranarrow transmission band. Filters with two or five EPSs are designed by simulation and experiment, with low ripples and ultranarrow 1dB bandwidths observed in transmission bands.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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