Abstract

A new integral imaging system is proposed that uses a dual-mode technique, in which the elemental lens of the lens array is used not only as a convex lens but also as a convex mirror. The integral imaging system using dual modes can represent the real and the virtual integrated images simultaneously with improved viewing parameters. The lens array coated with thin aluminum is used to balance the ratio between the reflectance and the transmittance of lens array. The feasibility of the proposal is proved by the experiments.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. B. Lee, J.-H. Park, and S.-W. Min, “Three-dimensional display and information processing based on integral imaging,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Display, T. -C. Poon, ed. (Springer, 2006), pp. 333-378 chap. 12.
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Y. Kim, H. Choi, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, Y. Kim, G. Park, and B. Lee, “Depth-enhanced integral imaging display system with electrically variable image planes using polymer-dispersed liquid crystal layers,” Appl. Opt. 46, 3766-3773(2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S.-W. Min, J. Kim, and B. Lee, “New characteristic equation of three-dimensional integral imaging system and its applications,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, L71-L74 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J.-S. Jang and B. Javidi, “Three-dimensional projection integral imaging using micro-convex-mirror arrays,” Opt. Express 12, 1077-1083 (2004).
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  14. J.-S. Jang and B. Javidi, “Improvement of viewing angle in integral imaging by use of moving lenslet arrays with low fill factor,” Appl. Opt. 42, 1996-2002 (2003).
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  15. Y. Jeong, S. Jung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “A reflection-type integral imaging scheme for displaying three-dimensional images,” Opt. Lett. 27, 704-706 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  16. H. Choi, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, Y. Kim, J. B. Park, and B. Lee, “Three-dimensional-two-dimensional mixed display system using integral imaging with an active pinhole array on a liquid crystal panel,” Appl. Opt. 47, 2207-2214 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

V. V. Saveljev and S.-J. Shin, “Layouts and cells in integral photography and point light source model,” J. Opt. Soc. Kor. 13, 131-138 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Hahn, Y. Kim, and B. Lee, “Uniform angular resolution integral imaging display with boundary folding mirrors,” Appl. Opt. 48, 504-511 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

2007 (2)

2005 (1)

2004 (3)

2003 (2)

2002 (1)

1997 (1)

Arai, J.

Cho, S.-W.

Choi, H.

Dohi, T.

Hahn, J.

Hoshino, H.

Iwahara, M.

Jang, J.-S.

Javidi, B.

Jeong, Y.

Jung, S.

Kim, E.-S.

D.-H. Shin and E.-S. Kim, “Computational integral imaging reconstruction of 3D object using a depth conversion technique,” J. Opt. Soc. Kor. 12, 131-135 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

Kim, Y.

Lee, B.

J. Hahn, Y. Kim, and B. Lee, “Uniform angular resolution integral imaging display with boundary folding mirrors,” Appl. Opt. 48, 504-511 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Choi, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, Y. Kim, J. B. Park, and B. Lee, “Three-dimensional-two-dimensional mixed display system using integral imaging with an active pinhole array on a liquid crystal panel,” Appl. Opt. 47, 2207-2214 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Kim, H. Choi, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, Y. Kim, G. Park, and B. Lee, “Depth-enhanced integral imaging display system with electrically variable image planes using polymer-dispersed liquid crystal layers,” Appl. Opt. 46, 3766-3773(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Kim, J.-H. Park, S.-W. Min, S. Jung, H. Choi, and B. Lee, “Wide-viewing-angle integral three-dimensional imaging system by curving a screen and a lens array,” Appl. Opt. 44, 546-552 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-W. Min, J. Kim, and B. Lee, “Wide-viewing projection-type integral imaging system with an embossed screen,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2420-2422 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-W. Min, J. Kim, and B. Lee, “New characteristic equation of three-dimensional integral imaging system and its applications,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, L71-L74 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S.-W. Min, B. Javidi, and B. Lee, “Enhanced three-dimensional integral imaging system by use of double display devices,” Appl. Opt. 42, 4186-4195 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Jeong, S. Jung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “A reflection-type integral imaging scheme for displaying three-dimensional images,” Opt. Lett. 27, 704-706 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Lee, J.-H. Park, and S.-W. Min, “Three-dimensional display and information processing based on integral imaging,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Display, T. -C. Poon, ed. (Springer, 2006), pp. 333-378 chap. 12.
[CrossRef]

Liao, H.

Min, S.-W.

Y. Kim, J.-H. Park, S.-W. Min, S. Jung, H. Choi, and B. Lee, “Wide-viewing-angle integral three-dimensional imaging system by curving a screen and a lens array,” Appl. Opt. 44, 546-552 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-W. Min, J. Kim, and B. Lee, “Wide-viewing projection-type integral imaging system with an embossed screen,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2420-2422 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-W. Min, J. Kim, and B. Lee, “New characteristic equation of three-dimensional integral imaging system and its applications,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, L71-L74 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S.-W. Min, B. Javidi, and B. Lee, “Enhanced three-dimensional integral imaging system by use of double display devices,” Appl. Opt. 42, 4186-4195 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Lee, J.-H. Park, and S.-W. Min, “Three-dimensional display and information processing based on integral imaging,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Display, T. -C. Poon, ed. (Springer, 2006), pp. 333-378 chap. 12.
[CrossRef]

Okano, F.

Park, G.

Park, J. B.

Park, J.-H.

Saveljev, V. V.

V. V. Saveljev and S.-J. Shin, “Layouts and cells in integral photography and point light source model,” J. Opt. Soc. Kor. 13, 131-138 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shin, D.-H.

D.-H. Shin and E.-S. Kim, “Computational integral imaging reconstruction of 3D object using a depth conversion technique,” J. Opt. Soc. Kor. 12, 131-135 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shin, S.-J.

V. V. Saveljev and S.-J. Shin, “Layouts and cells in integral photography and point light source model,” J. Opt. Soc. Kor. 13, 131-138 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yuyama, I.

Appl. Opt. (7)

J. Opt. Soc. Kor. (2)

D.-H. Shin and E.-S. Kim, “Computational integral imaging reconstruction of 3D object using a depth conversion technique,” J. Opt. Soc. Kor. 12, 131-135 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Saveljev and S.-J. Shin, “Layouts and cells in integral photography and point light source model,” J. Opt. Soc. Kor. 13, 131-138 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S.-W. Min, J. Kim, and B. Lee, “New characteristic equation of three-dimensional integral imaging system and its applications,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, L71-L74 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (2)

B.Javidi and F.Okano, eds., Three Dimensional Television, Video, and Display Technology (Springer, 2002).

B. Lee, J.-H. Park, and S.-W. Min, “Three-dimensional display and information processing based on integral imaging,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Display, T. -C. Poon, ed. (Springer, 2006), pp. 333-378 chap. 12.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Detailed illustrations of the different three modes in integral imaging method: (a) real mode, (b) virtual mode, (c) real image expression in focused mode, (d) virtual image expression in focused mode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Schematic of the aluminum coating process of lens array and (b) the lens array coated with 100 nm of aluminum.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Set of examples of elemental images: (a) real and virtual image for transmission-type integral imaging (conventional integral imaging), (b) real and virtual image for reflection-type integral imaging.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Illustration of the proposed method.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimental setup of the proposed method.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Elemental images for the same depth in the proposed method.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

3D images showing different perspectives with the same depth.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Experimental results with the same elemental images: (a) elemental images, (b) 3D images showing different perspectives.

Equations (1)

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1 g + 1 l = 1 f l ,

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