Abstract

Methods of generating multiple viewpoint projection holograms of three-dimensional (3-D) realistic objects illuminated by incoherent white light are reviewed in this paper. Using these methods, it is possible to obtain holograms with a simple digital camera, operating in regular light conditions. Thus, most disadvantages characterizing conventional digital holography, namely the need for a powerful, highly coherent laser and extreme stability of the optical system, are avoided. The proposed holographic processes are composed of two stages. In the first stage, regular intensity-based images of the 3-D scene are captured from multiple points of view by a simple digital camera. In the second stage, the acquired projections are digitally processed to yield the complex digital hologram of the 3-D scene, where no interference is involved in the process. For highly reflecting 3-D objects, the resulting hologram is equivalent to an optical hologram of the objects recorded from the central point of view. We first review various methods to acquire the multiple viewpoint projections. These include the use of a microlens array and a macrolens array, as well as digitally generated projections that are not acquired optically. Next, we show how to digitally process the acquired projections to Fourier, Fresnel, and image holograms. Additionally, to obtain certain advantages over the known types of holograms, the proposed hybrid optical-digital process can yield novel types of holograms such as the modified Fresnel hologram and the protected correlation hologram. The prospective goal of these methods is to facilitate the design of a simple and portable digital holographic camera that can be useful for a variety of practical applications, including 3-D video acquisition and various types of biomedical imaging. We review several of these applications to signify the advantages of multiple viewpoint projection holography.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2009 (3)

J. Rosen, G. Indebetouw, G. Brooker, and N. T. Shaked, “A review of incoherent digital Fresnel holography,” J. Holography Speckle 5, 124-140 (2009).

N. T. Shaked, Y. Yitzhaky, and J. Rosen “Incoherent holographic imaging through thin turbulent media,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1546-1550 (2009).
[Crossref]

J.-H. Park, M.-S. Kim, G. Baasantseren, and N. Kim, “Fresnel and Fourier hologram generation using orthographic projection images,” Opt. Express 17, 6320-6334(2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (8)

2007 (6)

2006 (7)

2005 (1)

2004 (3)

2003 (5)

2002 (2)

2001 (1)

2000 (3)

1999 (2)

1998 (2)

1997 (4)

J. C. Hebden, S. R. Arridge, and D. T. Delpy, “Optical imaging in medicine: I. Experimental techniques,” Phys. Med. Biol. 42, 825-840 (1997).
[Crossref]

B. Javidi and A. Sergent, “Fully phase encoded key and biometrics for security verification,” Opt. Eng. 36, 935-942(1997).

J. Rosen, “Three-dimensional optical Fourier transform and correlation,” Opt. Lett. 22, 964-966 (1997).
[Crossref]

B. W. Schilling, T.-C. Poon, G. Indebetouw, B. Storrie, K. Shinoda, Y. Suzuki, and M. H. Wu, “Three-dimensional holographic fluorescence microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1506-1508 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

T.-C. Poon, K. B. Doh, B. W. Schilling, M. H. Wu, K. Shinoda, and Y. Suzuki, “Three-dimensional microscopy by optical scanning holography,” Opt. Eng. 34, 1338-1344 (1995).

1991 (1)

1987 (1)

1985 (1)

1982 (3)

R. Bamler and J. Hofer-Alfeis, “Three- and four dimensional filter operations by coherent optics,” Opt. Acta 29, 747-757(1982).

D. C. Youla and H. Webb, “Image restoration by the method of convex projections: part 1--theory,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 1, 81-94 (1982).
[Crossref]

J. R. Fienup, “Phase-retrieval algorithm: a comparison,” Appl. Opt. 21, 2758-2769 (1982).
[Crossref]

1976 (1)

1966 (3)

1965 (2)

G. W. Stroke and R. C. Restrick, “Holography with spatially noncoherent light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 7, 229-231 (1965).
[Crossref]

A. W. Lohmann, “Wavefront reconstruction for incoherent objects,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 1555-1556 (1965).
[Crossref]

Abookasis, D.

Arridge, S. R.

J. C. Hebden, S. R. Arridge, and D. T. Delpy, “Optical imaging in medicine: I. Experimental techniques,” Phys. Med. Biol. 42, 825-840 (1997).
[Crossref]

Baasantseren, G.

Bamler, R.

R. Bamler and J. Hofer-Alfeis, “Three- and four dimensional filter operations by coherent optics,” Opt. Acta 29, 747-757(1982).

Batikoff, A.

Brooker, G.

J. Rosen, G. Indebetouw, G. Brooker, and N. T. Shaked, “A review of incoherent digital Fresnel holography,” J. Holography Speckle 5, 124-140 (2009).

J. Rosen and G. Brooker, “Non-scanning motionless fluorescence three-dimensional holographic microscopy,” Nat. Photon. 2, 190-195 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Rosen and G. Brooker “Fluorescence incoherent color holography,” Opt. Express 15, 2244-2250 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Rosen and G. Brooker “Digital spatially incoherent Fresnel holography,” Opt. Lett. 32, 912-914 (2007).
[Crossref]

Burckhardt, C. B.

R. J. Collier, C. B. Burckhardt, and L. H. Lin, Optical Holography (Academic, 1971).

Cochran, G.

Collier, R. J.

R. J. Collier, C. B. Burckhardt, and L. H. Lin, Optical Holography (Academic, 1971).

Delpy, D. T.

J. C. Hebden, S. R. Arridge, and D. T. Delpy, “Optical imaging in medicine: I. Experimental techniques,” Phys. Med. Biol. 42, 825-840 (1997).
[Crossref]

Doh, K. B.

T.-C. Poon, K. B. Doh, B. W. Schilling, M. H. Wu, K. Shinoda, and Y. Suzuki, “Three-dimensional microscopy by optical scanning holography,” Opt. Eng. 34, 1338-1344 (1995).

Esteve-Taboada, J. J.

Famini, H.

Fienup, J. R.

Garcia, J.

Goodman, J. W.

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics, 2nd ed. (McGraw-Hill, 1996), pp. 355-363.

Haik, O.

O. Shacham, O. Haik, and Y. Yitzhaky, “Blind restoration of atmospherically degraded images by automatic best step edge detection,” Pattern Recogn. Lett. 28, 2094-2103(2007).

Hariharan, P.

P. Hariharan, Optical Holography, Principles, Techniques and Applications (Cambridge University Press, 1996).

Hebden, J. C.

J. C. Hebden, S. R. Arridge, and D. T. Delpy, “Optical imaging in medicine: I. Experimental techniques,” Phys. Med. Biol. 42, 825-840 (1997).
[Crossref]

Hofer-Alfeis, J.

R. Bamler and J. Hofer-Alfeis, “Three- and four dimensional filter operations by coherent optics,” Opt. Acta 29, 747-757(1982).

Hong, S.-H.

Hwang, D.-C.

J.-S. Park, D.-C. Hwang, D.-H. Shin, and E.-S. Kim, “Resolution-enhanced three-dimensional image correlator using computationally reconstructed integral images,” Opt. Commun. 276, 72-79 (2007).
[Crossref]

J.-S. Park, D.-C. Hwang, D.-H. Shin, and E.-S. Kim, “Enhanced-resolution computational integral imaging reconstruction using an intermediate-view reconstruction technique,” Opt. Eng. 45, 117004:1-7 (2006).

Indebetouw, G.

Itoh, M.

Javidi, B.

I. Moon and B. Javidi, “Three-dimensional visualization of objects in scattering medium by use of computational integral imaging,” Opt. Express 16, 13080-13089 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Stern and B. Javidi, “Three dimensional sensing, visualization, and processing using integral imaging,” Proc. IEEE 94, 591-607 (2006).
[Crossref]

B. Javidi, R. Ponce-Díaz, and S.-H. Hong, “Three-dimensional recognition of occluded objects by using computational integral imaging,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1106-1108 (2006).
[Crossref]

B. Javidi and A. Sergent, “Fully phase encoded key and biometrics for security verification,” Opt. Eng. 36, 935-942(1997).

Jung, S.

Juptner, W.

U. Schnars and W. Juptner, Digital Holography, Digital Hologram Recording, Numerical Reconstruction and Related Techniques (Springer, 2005).

Katz, B.

Kim, E.-S.

J.-S. Park, D.-C. Hwang, D.-H. Shin, and E.-S. Kim, “Resolution-enhanced three-dimensional image correlator using computationally reconstructed integral images,” Opt. Commun. 276, 72-79 (2007).
[Crossref]

J.-S. Park, D.-C. Hwang, D.-H. Shin, and E.-S. Kim, “Enhanced-resolution computational integral imaging reconstruction using an intermediate-view reconstruction technique,” Opt. Eng. 45, 117004:1-7 (2006).

Kim, J.

Kim, M.-S.

Kim, N.

Kim, T.

Klysubun, P.

Kreis, T.

T. Kreis, Handbook of Holographic Interferometry: Optical and Digital Methods (Wiley-VCH, 2005), Chap. 3.

Lakowicz, J. R.

J. R. Lakowicz, Principles of Fluorescence Spectroscopy, 3rd ed. (Springer, 2006), Chap. 1.

Lee, B.

Li, Y.

Lin, L. H.

R. J. Collier, C. B. Burckhardt, and L. H. Lin, Optical Holography (Academic, 1971).

Lohmann, A. W.

Marathay, A. S.

Mas, D.

Mertz, L.

L. Mertz and N. O. Young, “Fresnel transformations of images,” Proceedings of Conference on Optical Instruments and Techniques, K.J.Habell, Ed. (Chapman & Hall, 1962).

Mishina, T.

Moon, I.

Okano, F.

Okui, M.

Park, J. H.

Park, J.-H.

Park, J.-S.

J.-S. Park, D.-C. Hwang, D.-H. Shin, and E.-S. Kim, “Resolution-enhanced three-dimensional image correlator using computationally reconstructed integral images,” Opt. Commun. 276, 72-79 (2007).
[Crossref]

J.-S. Park, D.-C. Hwang, D.-H. Shin, and E.-S. Kim, “Enhanced-resolution computational integral imaging reconstruction using an intermediate-view reconstruction technique,” Opt. Eng. 45, 117004:1-7 (2006).

Peters, P. J.

P. J. Peters, “Incoherent holograms with a mercury light source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 209-210 (1966).
[Crossref]

Ponce-Díaz, R.

Poon, T.-C.

Psaltis, D.

Restrick, R. C.

G. W. Stroke and R. C. Restrick, “Holography with spatially noncoherent light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 7, 229-231 (1965).
[Crossref]

Rosen, J.

J. Rosen, G. Indebetouw, G. Brooker, and N. T. Shaked, “A review of incoherent digital Fresnel holography,” J. Holography Speckle 5, 124-140 (2009).

N. T. Shaked, Y. Yitzhaky, and J. Rosen “Incoherent holographic imaging through thin turbulent media,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1546-1550 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Rosen and G. Brooker, “Non-scanning motionless fluorescence three-dimensional holographic microscopy,” Nat. Photon. 2, 190-195 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. T. Shaked and J. Rosen, “Multiple-viewpoint projection holograms synthesized by spatially incoherent correlation with broadband functions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 25, 2129-2138(2008).
[Crossref]

N. T. Shaked, G. Segev, and J. Rosen, “Three-dimensional object recognition using a quasi-correlator invariant to imaging distances,” Opt. Express 16, 17148-17153 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. T. Shaked, B. Katz, and J. Rosen, “Fluorescence multicolor hologram recorded by using a macrolens array,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1461-1463 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. T. Shaked and J. Rosen, “Modified Fresnel computer-generated hologram directly recorded by multiple-viewpoint projections,” Appl. Opt. 47, D21-D27 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. T. Shaked, J. Rosen, and A. Stern, “Integral holography: white-light single-shot hologram acquisition,” Opt. Express 15, 5754-5760 (2007).
[Crossref]

B. Katz, N. T. Shaked, and J. Rosen, “Synthesizing computer generated holograms with reduced number of perspective projections,” Opt. Express 15, 13250-13255(2007).
[Crossref]

J. Rosen and G. Brooker “Digital spatially incoherent Fresnel holography,” Opt. Lett. 32, 912-914 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Rosen and G. Brooker “Fluorescence incoherent color holography,” Opt. Express 15, 2244-2250 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Abookasis and J. Rosen, “Stereoscopic imaging through scattering media,” Opt. Lett. 31, 724-726 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Abookasis and J. Rosen, “Three types of computer-generated hologram synthesized from multiple angular viewpoints of a three-dimensional scene,” Appl. Opt. 45, 6533-6538 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Abookasis, A. Batikoff, H. Famini, and J. Rosen, “Performance comparison of iterative algorithms for generating digital correlation holograms used in optical security systems,” Appl. Opt. 45, 4617-4624 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Rosen and D. Abookasis, “Noninvasive optical imaging by speckle ensemble,” Opt. Lett. 29, 253-255 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Rosen and D. Abookasis, “NOISE 2 imaging system: Seeing through scattering tissue by correlation with a point,” Opt. Lett. 29, 253 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Rosen and D. Abookasis, “Seeing through biological tissues using the fly eye principle,” Opt. Express 11, 3605-3611(2003).

D. Abookasis and J. Rosen, “Computer-generated holograms of three-dimensional objects synthesized from their multiple angular viewpoints,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20, 1537-1545(2003).
[Crossref]

Y. Li and J. Rosen, “Scale-invariant recognition of three-dimensional objects using quasi-correlator,” Appl. Opt. 42, 811-819 (2003).
[Crossref]

D. Abookasis and J. Rosen, “Digital correlation holograms implemented on a joint transform correlator,” Opt. Commun. 225, 31-37 (2003).
[Crossref]

Y. Li and J. Rosen, “Object recognition using three-dimensional optical quasi-correlation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 1755-1762 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, D. Abookasis, and J. Rosen, “Computer-generated holograms of three-dimensional realistic objects recorded without wave interference,” Appl. Opt. 40, 2864-2870 (2001).
[Crossref]

Y. Li and J. Rosen, “Three-dimensional pattern recognition with a single two-dimensional synthetic reference function,” Appl. Opt. 39, 1251-1259 (2000).
[Crossref]

Y. Li and J. Rosen, “Three-dimensional correlator with general complex filters,” Appl. Opt. 39, 6561-6572 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Rosen, “Three-dimensional electro-optical correlation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 430-436 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Rosen, “Three-dimensional joint transform correlator,” Appl. Opt. 37, 7538-7544 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Rosen, “Three-dimensional optical Fourier transform and correlation,” Opt. Lett. 22, 964-966 (1997).
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J. Rosen and J. Shamir, “Application of the projection-onto-constraint-sets algorithm for optical pattern recognition,” Opt. Lett. 16, 752-754 (1991).
[Crossref]

Sando, Y.

Scharstein, D.

D. Scharstein, View Synthesis Using Stereo Vision, Vol. 1583 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Springer-Verlag, 1999), Chap. 2.

Schilling, B. W.

B. W. Schilling, T.-C. Poon, G. Indebetouw, B. Storrie, K. Shinoda, Y. Suzuki, and M. H. Wu, “Three-dimensional holographic fluorescence microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1506-1508 (1997).
[Crossref]

T.-C. Poon, K. B. Doh, B. W. Schilling, M. H. Wu, K. Shinoda, and Y. Suzuki, “Three-dimensional microscopy by optical scanning holography,” Opt. Eng. 34, 1338-1344 (1995).

Schnars, U.

U. Schnars and W. Juptner, Digital Holography, Digital Hologram Recording, Numerical Reconstruction and Related Techniques (Springer, 2005).

Segev, G.

Sergent, A.

B. Javidi and A. Sergent, “Fully phase encoded key and biometrics for security verification,” Opt. Eng. 36, 935-942(1997).

Shacham, O.

O. Shacham, O. Haik, and Y. Yitzhaky, “Blind restoration of atmospherically degraded images by automatic best step edge detection,” Pattern Recogn. Lett. 28, 2094-2103(2007).

Shaked, N. T.

Shamir, J.

Shin, D.-H.

D.-H. Shin and H. Yoo, “Scale-variant magnification for computational integral imaging and its application to 3D object correlator,” Opt. Express 16, 8855-8867 (2008).
[Crossref]

J.-S. Park, D.-C. Hwang, D.-H. Shin, and E.-S. Kim, “Resolution-enhanced three-dimensional image correlator using computationally reconstructed integral images,” Opt. Commun. 276, 72-79 (2007).
[Crossref]

J.-S. Park, D.-C. Hwang, D.-H. Shin, and E.-S. Kim, “Enhanced-resolution computational integral imaging reconstruction using an intermediate-view reconstruction technique,” Opt. Eng. 45, 117004:1-7 (2006).

Shinoda, K.

B. W. Schilling, T.-C. Poon, G. Indebetouw, B. Storrie, K. Shinoda, Y. Suzuki, and M. H. Wu, “Three-dimensional holographic fluorescence microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1506-1508 (1997).
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T.-C. Poon, K. B. Doh, B. W. Schilling, M. H. Wu, K. Shinoda, and Y. Suzuki, “Three-dimensional microscopy by optical scanning holography,” Opt. Eng. 34, 1338-1344 (1995).

Sirat, G.

Stark, H.

H. Stark, Image Recovery: Theory and Application (Academic, 1987), pp. 29-78 and 277-320.

Stern, A.

N. T. Shaked, J. Rosen, and A. Stern, “Integral holography: white-light single-shot hologram acquisition,” Opt. Express 15, 5754-5760 (2007).
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A. Stern and B. Javidi, “Three dimensional sensing, visualization, and processing using integral imaging,” Proc. IEEE 94, 591-607 (2006).
[Crossref]

Storrie, B.

Stroke, G. W.

G. W. Stroke and R. C. Restrick, “Holography with spatially noncoherent light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 7, 229-231 (1965).
[Crossref]

Suzuki, Y.

B. W. Schilling, T.-C. Poon, G. Indebetouw, B. Storrie, K. Shinoda, Y. Suzuki, and M. H. Wu, “Three-dimensional holographic fluorescence microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1506-1508 (1997).
[Crossref]

T.-C. Poon, K. B. Doh, B. W. Schilling, M. H. Wu, K. Shinoda, and Y. Suzuki, “Three-dimensional microscopy by optical scanning holography,” Opt. Eng. 34, 1338-1344 (1995).

Vo-Dinh, T.

T. Vo-Dinh, ed., Biomedical Photonics Handbook (CRC Press, 2003), Chap. 3.5.

Vo-Dinh,, T.

T. Vo-Dinh, ed., Biomedical Photonics Handbook (CRC Press, 2003), Chaps. 13 and 16.

Webb, H.

D. C. Youla and H. Webb, “Image restoration by the method of convex projections: part 1--theory,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 1, 81-94 (1982).
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Worthington, H. R.

Wu, M. H.

B. W. Schilling, T.-C. Poon, G. Indebetouw, B. Storrie, K. Shinoda, Y. Suzuki, and M. H. Wu, “Three-dimensional holographic fluorescence microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1506-1508 (1997).
[Crossref]

T.-C. Poon, K. B. Doh, B. W. Schilling, M. H. Wu, K. Shinoda, and Y. Suzuki, “Three-dimensional microscopy by optical scanning holography,” Opt. Eng. 34, 1338-1344 (1995).

Yatagai, T.

Yitzhaky, Y.

N. T. Shaked, Y. Yitzhaky, and J. Rosen “Incoherent holographic imaging through thin turbulent media,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1546-1550 (2009).
[Crossref]

O. Shacham, O. Haik, and Y. Yitzhaky, “Blind restoration of atmospherically degraded images by automatic best step edge detection,” Pattern Recogn. Lett. 28, 2094-2103(2007).

Yoo, H.

Youla, D. C.

D. C. Youla and H. Webb, “Image restoration by the method of convex projections: part 1--theory,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 1, 81-94 (1982).
[Crossref]

Young, N. O.

L. Mertz and N. O. Young, “Fresnel transformations of images,” Proceedings of Conference on Optical Instruments and Techniques, K.J.Habell, Ed. (Chapman & Hall, 1962).

Appl. Opt. (13)

T. Yatagai, “Stereoscopic approach to 3-D display using computer-generated holograms,” Appl. Opt. 15, 2722-2729(1976).
[Crossref]

J. R. Fienup, “Phase-retrieval algorithm: a comparison,” Appl. Opt. 21, 2758-2769 (1982).
[Crossref]

J. Rosen, “Three-dimensional joint transform correlator,” Appl. Opt. 37, 7538-7544 (1998).
[Crossref]

T.-C. Poon and T. Kim, “Optical image recognition of three dimensional objects,” Appl. Opt. 38, 370-381 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. J. Esteve-Taboada, D. Mas, and J. Garcia, “Three dimensional object recognition by Fourier transform profilometry,” Appl. Opt. 38, 4760-4765 (1999).
[Crossref]

Y. Li and J. Rosen, “Three-dimensional pattern recognition with a single two-dimensional synthetic reference function,” Appl. Opt. 39, 1251-1259 (2000).
[Crossref]

Y. Li and J. Rosen, “Three-dimensional correlator with general complex filters,” Appl. Opt. 39, 6561-6572 (2000).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, D. Abookasis, and J. Rosen, “Computer-generated holograms of three-dimensional realistic objects recorded without wave interference,” Appl. Opt. 40, 2864-2870 (2001).
[Crossref]

Y. Li and J. Rosen, “Scale-invariant recognition of three-dimensional objects using quasi-correlator,” Appl. Opt. 42, 811-819 (2003).
[Crossref]

T. Mishina, M. Okui, and F. Okano, “Calculation of holograms from elemental images captured by integral photography,” Appl. Opt. 45, 4026-4036 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Abookasis, A. Batikoff, H. Famini, and J. Rosen, “Performance comparison of iterative algorithms for generating digital correlation holograms used in optical security systems,” Appl. Opt. 45, 4617-4624 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Abookasis and J. Rosen, “Three types of computer-generated hologram synthesized from multiple angular viewpoints of a three-dimensional scene,” Appl. Opt. 45, 6533-6538 (2006).
[Crossref]

N. T. Shaked and J. Rosen, “Modified Fresnel computer-generated hologram directly recorded by multiple-viewpoint projections,” Appl. Opt. 47, D21-D27 (2008).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

G. W. Stroke and R. C. Restrick, “Holography with spatially noncoherent light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 7, 229-231 (1965).
[Crossref]

P. J. Peters, “Incoherent holograms with a mercury light source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 209-210 (1966).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging (1)

D. C. Youla and H. Webb, “Image restoration by the method of convex projections: part 1--theory,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 1, 81-94 (1982).
[Crossref]

J. Holography Speckle (1)

J. Rosen, G. Indebetouw, G. Brooker, and N. T. Shaked, “A review of incoherent digital Fresnel holography,” J. Holography Speckle 5, 124-140 (2009).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (3)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (6)

Nat. Photon. (2)

T.-C. Poon, “Holography: Scan-free three-dimensional imaging,” Nat. Photon. 2, 131-132 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Rosen and G. Brooker, “Non-scanning motionless fluorescence three-dimensional holographic microscopy,” Nat. Photon. 2, 190-195 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Acta (1)

R. Bamler and J. Hofer-Alfeis, “Three- and four dimensional filter operations by coherent optics,” Opt. Acta 29, 747-757(1982).

Opt. Commun. (3)

J.-S. Park, D.-C. Hwang, D.-H. Shin, and E.-S. Kim, “Resolution-enhanced three-dimensional image correlator using computationally reconstructed integral images,” Opt. Commun. 276, 72-79 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Abookasis and J. Rosen, “Digital correlation holograms implemented on a joint transform correlator,” Opt. Commun. 225, 31-37 (2003).
[Crossref]

N. T. Shaked, Y. Yitzhaky, and J. Rosen “Incoherent holographic imaging through thin turbulent media,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1546-1550 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (3)

B. Javidi and A. Sergent, “Fully phase encoded key and biometrics for security verification,” Opt. Eng. 36, 935-942(1997).

J.-S. Park, D.-C. Hwang, D.-H. Shin, and E.-S. Kim, “Enhanced-resolution computational integral imaging reconstruction using an intermediate-view reconstruction technique,” Opt. Eng. 45, 117004:1-7 (2006).

T.-C. Poon, K. B. Doh, B. W. Schilling, M. H. Wu, K. Shinoda, and Y. Suzuki, “Three-dimensional microscopy by optical scanning holography,” Opt. Eng. 34, 1338-1344 (1995).

Opt. Express (10)

D.-H. Shin and H. Yoo, “Scale-variant magnification for computational integral imaging and its application to 3D object correlator,” Opt. Express 16, 8855-8867 (2008).
[Crossref]

I. Moon and B. Javidi, “Three-dimensional visualization of objects in scattering medium by use of computational integral imaging,” Opt. Express 16, 13080-13089 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. T. Shaked, G. Segev, and J. Rosen, “Three-dimensional object recognition using a quasi-correlator invariant to imaging distances,” Opt. Express 16, 17148-17153 (2008).
[Crossref]

J.-H. Park, M.-S. Kim, G. Baasantseren, and N. Kim, “Fresnel and Fourier hologram generation using orthographic projection images,” Opt. Express 17, 6320-6334(2009).
[Crossref]

J. Rosen and D. Abookasis, “Seeing through biological tissues using the fly eye principle,” Opt. Express 11, 3605-3611(2003).

N. T. Shaked, J. Rosen, and A. Stern, “Integral holography: white-light single-shot hologram acquisition,” Opt. Express 15, 5754-5760 (2007).
[Crossref]

B. Katz, N. T. Shaked, and J. Rosen, “Synthesizing computer generated holograms with reduced number of perspective projections,” Opt. Express 15, 13250-13255(2007).
[Crossref]

J. Rosen and G. Brooker “Fluorescence incoherent color holography,” Opt. Express 15, 2244-2250 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Sando, M. Itoh, and T. Yatagai, “Full-color computer-generated holograms using 3-D Fourier spectra,” Opt. Express 12, 6246-6251 (2004).
[Crossref]

J.-H. Park, J. Kim, and B. Lee, “Three-dimensional optical correlator using a subimage array,” Opt. Express 13, 5116-5126(2005).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (12)

D. Abookasis and J. Rosen, “Stereoscopic imaging through scattering media,” Opt. Lett. 31, 724-726 (2006).
[Crossref]

B. Javidi, R. Ponce-Díaz, and S.-H. Hong, “Three-dimensional recognition of occluded objects by using computational integral imaging,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1106-1108 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Rosen and G. Brooker “Digital spatially incoherent Fresnel holography,” Opt. Lett. 32, 912-914 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Sando, M. Itoh, and T. Yatagai, “Holographic three-dimensional display synthesized from three-dimensional Fourier spectra of real-existing objects,” Opt. Lett. 28, 2518-2520 (2003).
[Crossref]

B. Lee, S. Jung, and J. H. Park, “Viewing-angle-enhanced integral imaging by lens switching,” Opt. Lett. 27, 818-820(2002).
[Crossref]

J. Rosen and D. Abookasis, “Noninvasive optical imaging by speckle ensemble,” Opt. Lett. 29, 253-255 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Rosen and D. Abookasis, “NOISE 2 imaging system: Seeing through scattering tissue by correlation with a point,” Opt. Lett. 29, 253 (2004).
[Crossref]

N. T. Shaked, B. Katz, and J. Rosen, “Fluorescence multicolor hologram recorded by using a macrolens array,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1461-1463 (2008).
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G. Sirat and D. Psaltis, “Conoscopic holography,” Opt. Lett. 10, 4-6 (1985).
[Crossref]

J. Rosen and J. Shamir, “Application of the projection-onto-constraint-sets algorithm for optical pattern recognition,” Opt. Lett. 16, 752-754 (1991).
[Crossref]

J. Rosen, “Three-dimensional optical Fourier transform and correlation,” Opt. Lett. 22, 964-966 (1997).
[Crossref]

B. W. Schilling, T.-C. Poon, G. Indebetouw, B. Storrie, K. Shinoda, Y. Suzuki, and M. H. Wu, “Three-dimensional holographic fluorescence microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1506-1508 (1997).
[Crossref]

Pattern Recogn. Lett. (1)

O. Shacham, O. Haik, and Y. Yitzhaky, “Blind restoration of atmospherically degraded images by automatic best step edge detection,” Pattern Recogn. Lett. 28, 2094-2103(2007).

Phys. Med. Biol. (1)

J. C. Hebden, S. R. Arridge, and D. T. Delpy, “Optical imaging in medicine: I. Experimental techniques,” Phys. Med. Biol. 42, 825-840 (1997).
[Crossref]

Proc. IEEE (1)

A. Stern and B. Javidi, “Three dimensional sensing, visualization, and processing using integral imaging,” Proc. IEEE 94, 591-607 (2006).
[Crossref]

Other (11)

D. Scharstein, View Synthesis Using Stereo Vision, Vol. 1583 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Springer-Verlag, 1999), Chap. 2.

H. Stark, Image Recovery: Theory and Application (Academic, 1987), pp. 29-78 and 277-320.

J. R. Lakowicz, Principles of Fluorescence Spectroscopy, 3rd ed. (Springer, 2006), Chap. 1.

T. Vo-Dinh, ed., Biomedical Photonics Handbook (CRC Press, 2003), Chap. 3.5.

P. Hariharan, Optical Holography, Principles, Techniques and Applications (Cambridge University Press, 1996).

R. J. Collier, C. B. Burckhardt, and L. H. Lin, Optical Holography (Academic, 1971).

U. Schnars and W. Juptner, Digital Holography, Digital Hologram Recording, Numerical Reconstruction and Related Techniques (Springer, 2005).

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics, 2nd ed. (McGraw-Hill, 1996), pp. 355-363.

T. Kreis, Handbook of Holographic Interferometry: Optical and Digital Methods (Wiley-VCH, 2005), Chap. 3.

L. Mertz and N. O. Young, “Fresnel transformations of images,” Proceedings of Conference on Optical Instruments and Techniques, K.J.Habell, Ed. (Chapman & Hall, 1962).

T. Vo-Dinh, ed., Biomedical Photonics Handbook (CRC Press, 2003), Chaps. 13 and 16.

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