Abstract

We describe continuous wave single-frequency operation of an intracavity frequency-doubled Nd:YLF ring laser end-pumped by a fiber-coupled laser diode. Output power of 770mW has been achieved at 526.5nm. The amplitude noise of the laser reaches the quantum noise limit for frequencies above 5MHz, and the phase noise reaches the quantum noise limit for frequencies above 10MHz. The laser’s emission frequency can be tuned over 12GHz by using an intracavity LiTaO3 electro-optic crystal based Fabry–Perot etalon.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. S. Villar, L. S. Cruz, K. N. Cassemiro, M. Martinelli, and P. Nussenzveig, “Generation of bright two-color continuous variable entanglement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 243603 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. X. L. Su, A. H. Tan, X. J. Jia, Q. Pan, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Experimental demonstration of quantum entanglement between frequency-nondegenerate optical twin beams,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1133-1135 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. K. Ahmed, H. Xiong, and M. S. Zubairy, “The influence of laser fluctuations on entanglement generation in a non-degenerate parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 262, 129-132 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. Wang, Y. N. Shang, Z. H. Yan, W. Z. Wang, X. J. Jia, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Experimental investigation about the influence of pump phase noise on phase-correlation of output optical fields from a non-degenerate parametric oscillator,” Europhys. Lett. 82, 24003 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Meyer, I. Zawischa, M. Bode, and I. Freitag, “Ultrastable single-frequency source with 200 mW @ 526.5 nm based on Nd:YLF nonplanar ring laser and SHG,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (IEEE, 2003), paper 25.
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    [CrossRef]

2008 (1)

D. Wang, Y. N. Shang, Z. H. Yan, W. Z. Wang, X. J. Jia, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Experimental investigation about the influence of pump phase noise on phase-correlation of output optical fields from a non-degenerate parametric oscillator,” Europhys. Lett. 82, 24003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

X. L. Su, A. H. Tan, X. J. Jia, Q. Pan, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Experimental demonstration of quantum entanglement between frequency-nondegenerate optical twin beams,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1133-1135 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Ahmed, H. Xiong, and M. S. Zubairy, “The influence of laser fluctuations on entanglement generation in a non-degenerate parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 262, 129-132 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

A. S. Villar, L. S. Cruz, K. N. Cassemiro, M. Martinelli, and P. Nussenzveig, “Generation of bright two-color continuous variable entanglement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 243603 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

14. A. S. Villar, M. Martinelli, and P. Nussenzveig, “Testing the entanglement of intense beams produced by a non-degenerate optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 242, 551-563(2004).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1998 (2)

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilization of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 733-739(1998).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Hardman, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “High-power diode-bar-pumped intracavity-frequency-doubled Nd:YLF ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 156, 49-52 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

1986 (2)

L. A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. F. Wu, “Generation of squeezing states by parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2520-2523 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Machida and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum-limited operation of balanced mixer homodyne and heterodyne receivers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 617-624 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

Ahmed, K.

K. Ahmed, H. Xiong, and M. S. Zubairy, “The influence of laser fluctuations on entanglement generation in a non-degenerate parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 262, 129-132 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Al-Tahtamouni, R.

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilization of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 733-739(1998).
[CrossRef]

Becher, C.

Bencheikh, K.

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilization of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 733-739(1998).
[CrossRef]

Bode, M.

J. Meyer, I. Zawischa, M. Bode, and I. Freitag, “Ultrastable single-frequency source with 200 mW @ 526.5 nm based on Nd:YLF nonplanar ring laser and SHG,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (IEEE, 2003), paper 25.

Boller, K.-J.

Byer, R. L.

Cassemiro, K. N.

A. S. Villar, L. S. Cruz, K. N. Cassemiro, M. Martinelli, and P. Nussenzveig, “Generation of bright two-color continuous variable entanglement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 243603 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chan, V. W. S.

Clarkson, W. A.

P. J. Hardman, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “High-power diode-bar-pumped intracavity-frequency-doubled Nd:YLF ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 156, 49-52 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cruz, L. S.

A. S. Villar, L. S. Cruz, K. N. Cassemiro, M. Martinelli, and P. Nussenzveig, “Generation of bright two-color continuous variable entanglement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 243603 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eckardt, R. C.

Freitag, I.

J. Meyer, I. Zawischa, M. Bode, and I. Freitag, “Ultrastable single-frequency source with 200 mW @ 526.5 nm based on Nd:YLF nonplanar ring laser and SHG,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (IEEE, 2003), paper 25.

Hall, J. L.

L. A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. F. Wu, “Generation of squeezing states by parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2520-2523 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hanna, D. C.

P. J. Hardman, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “High-power diode-bar-pumped intracavity-frequency-doubled Nd:YLF ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 156, 49-52 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hardman, P. J.

P. J. Hardman, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “High-power diode-bar-pumped intracavity-frequency-doubled Nd:YLF ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 156, 49-52 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Henion, S. R.

Jia, X. J.

D. Wang, Y. N. Shang, Z. H. Yan, W. Z. Wang, X. J. Jia, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Experimental investigation about the influence of pump phase noise on phase-correlation of output optical fields from a non-degenerate parametric oscillator,” Europhys. Lett. 82, 24003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. L. Su, A. H. Tan, X. J. Jia, Q. Pan, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Experimental demonstration of quantum entanglement between frequency-nondegenerate optical twin beams,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1133-1135 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kimble, H. J.

L. A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. F. Wu, “Generation of squeezing states by parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2520-2523 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kozlovsky, W. J.

Lang, M.

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilization of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 733-739(1998).
[CrossRef]

Machida, S.

S. Machida and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum-limited operation of balanced mixer homodyne and heterodyne receivers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 617-624 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Martinelli, M.

A. S. Villar, L. S. Cruz, K. N. Cassemiro, M. Martinelli, and P. Nussenzveig, “Generation of bright two-color continuous variable entanglement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 243603 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

14. A. S. Villar, M. Martinelli, and P. Nussenzveig, “Testing the entanglement of intense beams produced by a non-degenerate optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 242, 551-563(2004).
[CrossRef]

Meyer, J.

J. Meyer, I. Zawischa, M. Bode, and I. Freitag, “Ultrastable single-frequency source with 200 mW @ 526.5 nm based on Nd:YLF nonplanar ring laser and SHG,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (IEEE, 2003), paper 25.

Mlynek, J.

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilization of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 733-739(1998).
[CrossRef]

Nabors, C. D.

Nussenzveig, P.

A. S. Villar, L. S. Cruz, K. N. Cassemiro, M. Martinelli, and P. Nussenzveig, “Generation of bright two-color continuous variable entanglement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 243603 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

14. A. S. Villar, M. Martinelli, and P. Nussenzveig, “Testing the entanglement of intense beams produced by a non-degenerate optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 242, 551-563(2004).
[CrossRef]

Pan, Q.

Peng, K. C.

D. Wang, Y. N. Shang, Z. H. Yan, W. Z. Wang, X. J. Jia, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Experimental investigation about the influence of pump phase noise on phase-correlation of output optical fields from a non-degenerate parametric oscillator,” Europhys. Lett. 82, 24003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. L. Su, A. H. Tan, X. J. Jia, Q. Pan, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Experimental demonstration of quantum entanglement between frequency-nondegenerate optical twin beams,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1133-1135 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schiller, S.

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilization of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 733-739(1998).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, K.

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilization of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 733-739(1998).
[CrossRef]

Schulz, P. A.

Shang, Y. N.

D. Wang, Y. N. Shang, Z. H. Yan, W. Z. Wang, X. J. Jia, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Experimental investigation about the influence of pump phase noise on phase-correlation of output optical fields from a non-degenerate parametric oscillator,” Europhys. Lett. 82, 24003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Storz, R.

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilization of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 733-739(1998).
[CrossRef]

Su, X. L.

Tan, A. H.

Villar, A. S.

A. S. Villar, L. S. Cruz, K. N. Cassemiro, M. Martinelli, and P. Nussenzveig, “Generation of bright two-color continuous variable entanglement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 243603 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

14. A. S. Villar, M. Martinelli, and P. Nussenzveig, “Testing the entanglement of intense beams produced by a non-degenerate optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 242, 551-563(2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, D.

D. Wang, Y. N. Shang, Z. H. Yan, W. Z. Wang, X. J. Jia, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Experimental investigation about the influence of pump phase noise on phase-correlation of output optical fields from a non-degenerate parametric oscillator,” Europhys. Lett. 82, 24003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W. Z.

D. Wang, Y. N. Shang, Z. H. Yan, W. Z. Wang, X. J. Jia, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Experimental investigation about the influence of pump phase noise on phase-correlation of output optical fields from a non-degenerate parametric oscillator,” Europhys. Lett. 82, 24003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wu, H. F.

L. A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. F. Wu, “Generation of squeezing states by parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2520-2523 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, L. A.

L. A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. F. Wu, “Generation of squeezing states by parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2520-2523 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xie, C. D.

D. Wang, Y. N. Shang, Z. H. Yan, W. Z. Wang, X. J. Jia, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Experimental investigation about the influence of pump phase noise on phase-correlation of output optical fields from a non-degenerate parametric oscillator,” Europhys. Lett. 82, 24003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. L. Su, A. H. Tan, X. J. Jia, Q. Pan, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Experimental demonstration of quantum entanglement between frequency-nondegenerate optical twin beams,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1133-1135 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xiong, H.

K. Ahmed, H. Xiong, and M. S. Zubairy, “The influence of laser fluctuations on entanglement generation in a non-degenerate parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 262, 129-132 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, Y.

S. Machida and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum-limited operation of balanced mixer homodyne and heterodyne receivers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 617-624 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Yan, Z. H.

D. Wang, Y. N. Shang, Z. H. Yan, W. Z. Wang, X. J. Jia, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Experimental investigation about the influence of pump phase noise on phase-correlation of output optical fields from a non-degenerate parametric oscillator,” Europhys. Lett. 82, 24003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yuen, H. P.

Zawischa, I.

J. Meyer, I. Zawischa, M. Bode, and I. Freitag, “Ultrastable single-frequency source with 200 mW @ 526.5 nm based on Nd:YLF nonplanar ring laser and SHG,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (IEEE, 2003), paper 25.

Zubairy, M. S.

K. Ahmed, H. Xiong, and M. S. Zubairy, “The influence of laser fluctuations on entanglement generation in a non-degenerate parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 262, 129-132 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilization of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 733-739(1998).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett. (1)

D. Wang, Y. N. Shang, Z. H. Yan, W. Z. Wang, X. J. Jia, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Experimental investigation about the influence of pump phase noise on phase-correlation of output optical fields from a non-degenerate parametric oscillator,” Europhys. Lett. 82, 24003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Machida and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum-limited operation of balanced mixer homodyne and heterodyne receivers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 617-624 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Commun. (3)

14. A. S. Villar, M. Martinelli, and P. Nussenzveig, “Testing the entanglement of intense beams produced by a non-degenerate optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 242, 551-563(2004).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Hardman, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “High-power diode-bar-pumped intracavity-frequency-doubled Nd:YLF ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 156, 49-52 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Ahmed, H. Xiong, and M. S. Zubairy, “The influence of laser fluctuations on entanglement generation in a non-degenerate parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 262, 129-132 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

A. S. Villar, L. S. Cruz, K. N. Cassemiro, M. Martinelli, and P. Nussenzveig, “Generation of bright two-color continuous variable entanglement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 243603 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. F. Wu, “Generation of squeezing states by parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2520-2523 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

J. Meyer, I. Zawischa, M. Bode, and I. Freitag, “Ultrastable single-frequency source with 200 mW @ 526.5 nm based on Nd:YLF nonplanar ring laser and SHG,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (IEEE, 2003), paper 25.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the frequency-doubled Nd:YLF laser at 526.5 nm : BP, Brewster plate; D1–D3, photodetectors; PBS, polarizing beam splitter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Single-frequency output power at 526.5 nm versus incident laser diode pump power.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Single-frequency operation of the 526.5 nm laser monitored by a scanning confocal F-P cavity.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured laser wavelength when a triangle wave voltage signal with an amplitude of 1000 V was applied to the Li Ta O 3 electro-optic crystal.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Observed relative amplitude noise (normalized to the QNL) of the 526.5 nm single frequency laser from 1 MHz to 20 MHz . The detected photocurrent is 8 mA . The settings of the spectrum analyzer: resolution bandwidth is 10 kHz , and video bandwidth is 100 Hz .

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Observed relative phase noise (normalized to the QNL) of the 526.5 nm single frequency laser from 2.5 MHz to 20 MHz . The detected photocurrent is 8 mA . For the settings of the spectrum analyzer, the resolution bandwidth is 10 kHz and the video bandwidth is 100 Hz .

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