Abstract

We propose a delay line configuration to increase the time delay performance of multiple-pump-line Brillouin-based slow light systems. It consists of several short fibers interconnected by filters to block degrading spectral components. Three different delay line configurations are investigated experimentally with an optimized Brillouin spectrum composed of a superposition of a gain with two losses. An increase of the maximum time delay by 12% is reported, which is limited by the insufficient filter slew rates. We believe that the enhancement could be much higher by using filters with an improved slew rate performance.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. K. Y. Song, M. González-Herráez, and L. Thévenaz, “Observation of pulse delaying and advancement in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Express 13, 82-88 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902(2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. González-Herráez, K. Y. Song, and L. Thévenaz, “Optically controlled slow and fast light in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 081113(2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. González-Herráez, K. Y. Song, and L. Thévenaz, “Arbitrary-bandwidth Brillouin slow light in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 14, 1395-1400 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. Chin, M. González-Herráez, and L. Thévenaz, “Zero-gain slow and fast light propagation in an optical fiber,” Opt. Express 14, 10684-10692 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. T. Schneider, M. Junker, and K.-U. Lauterbach, “Time delay enhancement in stimulated-Brillouin-scattering-based slow-light systems,” Opt. Lett. 32, 220-222 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Zhu, A. M. Dawes, and D. J. Gauthier, “Distortion management in slow-light pulse delay,” Opt. Express 13, 9995-10002 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Z. Lu, Y. Dong, and Q. Li, “Slow light in multi-line Brillouin gain spectrum,” Opt. Express 15, 1871-1877(2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, and D. J. Gauthier, “Optimal pump profile designs for broadband SBS slow-light systems,” Opt. Express 16, 2764-2777 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. Wang, L. Ren, Y. Liu, and Y. Tomita, “Zero-broadening SBS slow light propagation in an optical fiber using two broadband pumpbeams,” Opt. Express 16, 8067-8076 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. T. Schneider, R. Henker, K.-U. Lauterbach, and M. Junker, “Comparison of delay enhancement mechanisms for SBS-based slow light systems,” Opt. Express 15, 9606-9613(2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. T. Schneider, R. Henker, K.-U. Lauterbach, and M. Junker, “Adapting Brillouin spectrum for slow light delays,” Electron. Lett. 43, 682-683 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. Schneider, R. Henker, K.-U. Lauterbach, and M. Junker, “Distortion reduction in slow light systems based on stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Express 16, 8280-8285(2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. T. Schneider, A. Wiatrek, and R. Henker, “Zero-broadening and pulse compression slow light in an optical fiber at high pulse delays,” Opt. Express 16, 15617-15622 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. R. Henker, K.-U. Lauterbach, A. Wiatrek, T. Schneider, M. J. Ammann, and A. T. Schwarzbacher, “Gain enhancement in slow-light systems based on stimulated Brillouin-scattering with several short fibers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OWU5.
  16. T. Schneider, “Time delay limits of stimulated-Brillouin-scattering-based slow light systems,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1398-1400(2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. K. Y. Song, M. González-Herráez, and L. Thévenaz, “Long optically controlled delays in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1782-1784 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. T. Schneider, M. Junker, K.-U. Lauterbach, and R. Henker, “Distortion reduction in cascaded slow light delays,” Electron. Lett. 42, 1110-1111 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  19. T. Schneider, Nonlinear Optics in Telecommunications, Advanced Texts in Physics (Springer-Verlag, 2004).

2008 (5)

2007 (4)

2006 (3)

2005 (5)

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902(2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. González-Herráez, K. Y. Song, and L. Thévenaz, “Optically controlled slow and fast light in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 081113(2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Song, M. González-Herráez, and L. Thévenaz, “Observation of pulse delaying and advancement in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Express 13, 82-88 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Y. Song, M. González-Herráez, and L. Thévenaz, “Long optically controlled delays in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1782-1784 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Zhu, A. M. Dawes, and D. J. Gauthier, “Distortion management in slow-light pulse delay,” Opt. Express 13, 9995-10002 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ammann, M. J.

R. Henker, K.-U. Lauterbach, A. Wiatrek, T. Schneider, M. J. Ammann, and A. T. Schwarzbacher, “Gain enhancement in slow-light systems based on stimulated Brillouin-scattering with several short fibers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OWU5.

Bigelow, M. S.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902(2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boyd, R. W.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902(2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chin, S.

Dawes, A. M.

Dong, Y.

Gaeta, A. L.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902(2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gauthier, D. J.

González-Herráez, M.

Henker, R.

T. Schneider, R. Henker, K.-U. Lauterbach, and M. Junker, “Distortion reduction in slow light systems based on stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Express 16, 8280-8285(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Schneider, A. Wiatrek, and R. Henker, “Zero-broadening and pulse compression slow light in an optical fiber at high pulse delays,” Opt. Express 16, 15617-15622 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Schneider, R. Henker, K.-U. Lauterbach, and M. Junker, “Adapting Brillouin spectrum for slow light delays,” Electron. Lett. 43, 682-683 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Schneider, R. Henker, K.-U. Lauterbach, and M. Junker, “Comparison of delay enhancement mechanisms for SBS-based slow light systems,” Opt. Express 15, 9606-9613(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Schneider, M. Junker, K.-U. Lauterbach, and R. Henker, “Distortion reduction in cascaded slow light delays,” Electron. Lett. 42, 1110-1111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Henker, K.-U. Lauterbach, A. Wiatrek, T. Schneider, M. J. Ammann, and A. T. Schwarzbacher, “Gain enhancement in slow-light systems based on stimulated Brillouin-scattering with several short fibers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OWU5.

Junker, M.

Lauterbach, K.-U.

T. Schneider, R. Henker, K.-U. Lauterbach, and M. Junker, “Distortion reduction in slow light systems based on stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Express 16, 8280-8285(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Schneider, R. Henker, K.-U. Lauterbach, and M. Junker, “Comparison of delay enhancement mechanisms for SBS-based slow light systems,” Opt. Express 15, 9606-9613(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Schneider, M. Junker, and K.-U. Lauterbach, “Time delay enhancement in stimulated-Brillouin-scattering-based slow-light systems,” Opt. Lett. 32, 220-222 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Schneider, R. Henker, K.-U. Lauterbach, and M. Junker, “Adapting Brillouin spectrum for slow light delays,” Electron. Lett. 43, 682-683 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Schneider, M. Junker, K.-U. Lauterbach, and R. Henker, “Distortion reduction in cascaded slow light delays,” Electron. Lett. 42, 1110-1111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Henker, K.-U. Lauterbach, A. Wiatrek, T. Schneider, M. J. Ammann, and A. T. Schwarzbacher, “Gain enhancement in slow-light systems based on stimulated Brillouin-scattering with several short fibers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OWU5.

Li, Q.

Liu, Y.

Lu, Z.

Neifeld, M. A.

Okawachi, Y.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902(2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pant, R.

Ren, L.

Schneider, T.

T. Schneider, A. Wiatrek, and R. Henker, “Zero-broadening and pulse compression slow light in an optical fiber at high pulse delays,” Opt. Express 16, 15617-15622 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Schneider, “Time delay limits of stimulated-Brillouin-scattering-based slow light systems,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1398-1400(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Schneider, R. Henker, K.-U. Lauterbach, and M. Junker, “Distortion reduction in slow light systems based on stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Express 16, 8280-8285(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Schneider, R. Henker, K.-U. Lauterbach, and M. Junker, “Comparison of delay enhancement mechanisms for SBS-based slow light systems,” Opt. Express 15, 9606-9613(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Schneider, M. Junker, and K.-U. Lauterbach, “Time delay enhancement in stimulated-Brillouin-scattering-based slow-light systems,” Opt. Lett. 32, 220-222 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Schneider, R. Henker, K.-U. Lauterbach, and M. Junker, “Adapting Brillouin spectrum for slow light delays,” Electron. Lett. 43, 682-683 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Schneider, M. Junker, K.-U. Lauterbach, and R. Henker, “Distortion reduction in cascaded slow light delays,” Electron. Lett. 42, 1110-1111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Henker, K.-U. Lauterbach, A. Wiatrek, T. Schneider, M. J. Ammann, and A. T. Schwarzbacher, “Gain enhancement in slow-light systems based on stimulated Brillouin-scattering with several short fibers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OWU5.

T. Schneider, Nonlinear Optics in Telecommunications, Advanced Texts in Physics (Springer-Verlag, 2004).

Schwarzbacher, A. T.

R. Henker, K.-U. Lauterbach, A. Wiatrek, T. Schneider, M. J. Ammann, and A. T. Schwarzbacher, “Gain enhancement in slow-light systems based on stimulated Brillouin-scattering with several short fibers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OWU5.

Schweinsberg, A.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902(2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharping, J. E.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902(2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Song, K. Y.

Stenner, M. D.

Thévenaz, L.

Tomita, Y.

Wang, S.

Wiatrek, A.

T. Schneider, A. Wiatrek, and R. Henker, “Zero-broadening and pulse compression slow light in an optical fiber at high pulse delays,” Opt. Express 16, 15617-15622 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Henker, K.-U. Lauterbach, A. Wiatrek, T. Schneider, M. J. Ammann, and A. T. Schwarzbacher, “Gain enhancement in slow-light systems based on stimulated Brillouin-scattering with several short fibers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OWU5.

Zhu, Z.

Zhu, Z. M.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902(2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. González-Herráez, K. Y. Song, and L. Thévenaz, “Optically controlled slow and fast light in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 081113(2005).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

T. Schneider, R. Henker, K.-U. Lauterbach, and M. Junker, “Adapting Brillouin spectrum for slow light delays,” Electron. Lett. 43, 682-683 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Schneider, M. Junker, K.-U. Lauterbach, and R. Henker, “Distortion reduction in cascaded slow light delays,” Electron. Lett. 42, 1110-1111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (10)

M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Zhu, A. M. Dawes, and D. J. Gauthier, “Distortion management in slow-light pulse delay,” Opt. Express 13, 9995-10002 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. González-Herráez, K. Y. Song, and L. Thévenaz, “Arbitrary-bandwidth Brillouin slow light in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 14, 1395-1400 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Chin, M. González-Herráez, and L. Thévenaz, “Zero-gain slow and fast light propagation in an optical fiber,” Opt. Express 14, 10684-10692 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Lu, Y. Dong, and Q. Li, “Slow light in multi-line Brillouin gain spectrum,” Opt. Express 15, 1871-1877(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Schneider, R. Henker, K.-U. Lauterbach, and M. Junker, “Comparison of delay enhancement mechanisms for SBS-based slow light systems,” Opt. Express 15, 9606-9613(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, and D. J. Gauthier, “Optimal pump profile designs for broadband SBS slow-light systems,” Opt. Express 16, 2764-2777 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Wang, L. Ren, Y. Liu, and Y. Tomita, “Zero-broadening SBS slow light propagation in an optical fiber using two broadband pumpbeams,” Opt. Express 16, 8067-8076 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Schneider, R. Henker, K.-U. Lauterbach, and M. Junker, “Distortion reduction in slow light systems based on stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Express 16, 8280-8285(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Y. Song, M. González-Herráez, and L. Thévenaz, “Observation of pulse delaying and advancement in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Express 13, 82-88 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Schneider, A. Wiatrek, and R. Henker, “Zero-broadening and pulse compression slow light in an optical fiber at high pulse delays,” Opt. Express 16, 15617-15622 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902(2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

T. Schneider, Nonlinear Optics in Telecommunications, Advanced Texts in Physics (Springer-Verlag, 2004).

R. Henker, K.-U. Lauterbach, A. Wiatrek, T. Schneider, M. J. Ammann, and A. T. Schwarzbacher, “Gain enhancement in slow-light systems based on stimulated Brillouin-scattering with several short fibers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OWU5.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Superposition of a gain (dotted curve) and two losses (dashed curve) to an overall Brillouin gain (solid curve).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Time delay as a function of the ratio between the losses and the gain.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Blocking of the spurious Stokes waves generated by a filter and a FBG (top). Slow light configuration consisting of fiber segments with filters in between (middle). Distribution of the losses and the spurious Stokes wave along the segments (bottom).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Length of second fiber segment as a function of the insertion loss between two connected fibers to achieve equal gains if the first fiber length is given.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Principal experimental setup: SSMF, standard single-mode fiber; TFBG, tunable fiber Bragg grating; MZM, Mach– Zehnder modulator; VOA, variable optical attenuator; C, circulator; EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier; Osci, oscilloscope.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Fractional time delays and fractional pulse widths of fiber segments with (a), (c) TFBG and (b), (d) a WDM filter.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

G = g 0 ( 1 1 + Ω 2 m k 2 [ 1 k 2 + ( Ω + d ) 2 + 1 k 2 + ( Ω d ) 2 ] ) .
Δ T = g 0 γ 0 ( 1 2 m k [ k 2 d 2 ( k 2 + d 2 ) 2 ] ) .
g I = g P 0 L eff , I A eff , g I I = g P 0 exp ( α L I ) L eff , I I A eff D ,
L eff , I , I I = 1 exp ( α L I , I I ) α ,

Metrics