Abstract

Angular dispersion amplification can be used to design compact dispersive delay generators with delay amplification. A specific design is presented that can be used to generate 1ns delay for two wavelengths separated by 1nm. The delay generator can be easily switched from a positive to a negative group velocity delay and can be used as a pulse compressor, a pulse stretcher, or a pulse shaper in chirped pulse amplification, high-resolution time-gated spectroscopy as well as other applications.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219-221(1985).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. D. Perry, D. Pennington, B. C. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, J. A. Britten, C. Brown, S. Herman, B. Golick, M. Kartz, J. Miller, H. T. Powell, M. Vergino, and V. Yanovsky, “Petawatt laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 24, 160-162 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Backus, R. Bartels, S. Thompson, R. Dollinger, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “High-efficiency, single-stage 7-kHz high-average-power ultrafast laser system, Opt. Lett. 26, 465-467 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, L. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392-397 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Basu, “Angular dispersion amplification method and apparatus for optical demultiplexing,” U.S. patent 7,139,447 (21 November 2006).
  6. E. Hecht and A. Zajac, Optics (Addison-Wesley, 1974).

2001

1999

1993

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, L. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392-397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1985

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219-221(1985).
[CrossRef]

Backus, S.

Bartels, R.

Barzanti, L. J.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, L. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392-397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Basu, S.

S. Basu, “Angular dispersion amplification method and apparatus for optical demultiplexing,” U.S. patent 7,139,447 (21 November 2006).

Britten, J. A.

Brown, C.

Chang, Z.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, L. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392-397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Danson, C. N.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, L. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392-397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Dollinger, R.

Edwards, C. B.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, L. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392-397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Golick, B.

Hancock, S.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, L. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392-397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hecht, E.

E. Hecht and A. Zajac, Optics (Addison-Wesley, 1974).

Herman, S.

Hutchinson, M. H. R.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, L. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392-397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

Kartz, M.

Key, M. H.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, L. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392-397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Luan, S.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, L. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392-397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mahadeo, R. R.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, L. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392-397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mercer, L. P.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, L. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392-397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Miller, J.

Mourou, G.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219-221(1985).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

Norreys, P.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, L. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392-397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pennington, D.

Pepler, D. A.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, L. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392-397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Perry, M. D.

Powell, H. T.

Rodkiss, D. A.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, L. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392-397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ross, I. N.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, L. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392-397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Smith, M. A.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, L. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392-397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Smith, R. A.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, L. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392-397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Strickland, D.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219-221(1985).
[CrossRef]

Stuart, B. C.

Taday, P.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, L. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392-397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, S.

Tietbohl, G.

Toner, W. T.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, L. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392-397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Vergino, M.

Wigmore, K. W. M.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, L. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392-397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wyatt, R. W. W.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, L. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392-397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yanovsky, V.

Zajac, A.

E. Hecht and A. Zajac, Optics (Addison-Wesley, 1974).

Zhou, F.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, L. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392-397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219-221(1985).
[CrossRef]

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, L. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392-397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

S. Basu, “Angular dispersion amplification method and apparatus for optical demultiplexing,” U.S. patent 7,139,447 (21 November 2006).

E. Hecht and A. Zajac, Optics (Addison-Wesley, 1974).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Block diagram schematic of a system that contains an angular dispersion generator and an ADA for wavelength demultiplexing of a multiwavelength signal with high resolution. (b) Schematic of one implementation of the ADG and ADA concept, in which the ADG is a grating and the ADA is a prism used at near critical angle on the exit face.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Angular dispersion amplification (ratio of change in refracted angle to change in incidence angle) and transmission for both p- and s-polarized light at the ZnSe–air interface.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Specific design of an amplified dispersive delay generator that is capable of producing a 1 ns/nm delay.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Single-pass time delay of the 1054 and the 1056.5 nm components with respect to the 1051.5 nm component as the beam propagates through the dispersive delay generator in Fig. 3.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Round-trip time delay between the 1056.5 and the 1051.5 nm components is a strong function of separation d between the two prisms in Fig. 3.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Time delay nonlinearity as a function of wavelength.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Specific design of an amplified dispersive delay generator with negative gain that is capable of producing 1 ns/nm delay of the short wavelength component with respect to the long wavelength component.

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

sin α d g = m λ / a + sin α i g ,
n i sin α i = n r sin α r ,
α d g / α i g = cos α i g / s q r t ( 1 ( m λ / a + sin α i g ) 2 ) .
α internal prism / α prism in air = n air / n prism ,
α prism out air / α internal prism = ( n prism / n air ) ( cos α internal prism ) / sqrt ( 1 ( ( n prism / n air ) ( sin α internal prism ) ) 2 ) ,
α prism out air / α i g = ( α prism out air / α internal prism ) ( α internal prism / α prism in air ) × ( α prism in air / α d g ) ( α d g / α i g ) .
( α prism in air / α d g ) = K ,

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