Abstract

Space-based active sensing of CO2 concentration is a very promising technique for the derivation of CO2 surface fluxes. There is a need for accurate spectroscopic parameters to enable accurate space-based measurements to address global climatic issues. New spectroscopic measurements using laser diode absorption spectroscopy are presented for the preselected R30 CO2 absorption line ((2001)III(000) band) and four others. The line strength, air-broadening halfwidth, and its temperature dependence have been investigated. The results exhibit significant improvement for the R30 CO2 absorption line: 0.4% on the line strength, 0.15% on the air-broadening coefficient, and 0.45% on its temperature dependence. Analysis of potential biases of space-based DIAL CO2 mixing ratio measurements associated to spectroscopic parameter uncertainties are presented.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2009 (1)

2008 (6)

G. Ehret, C. Kiemle, M. Wirth, A. Amediek, A. Fix, and S. Houweling, “Space-borne remote sensing of CO2, CH4, and NwO by integrated path differential absorption lidar: a sensitivity analysis,” Appl. Phys. B. 90, 593-608 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyond, F. Gibert, B. W. Barnes, S. Ismail, M. Petros, P. J. Petzar, J. Yu, E. A. Modlin, K. J. Davisand, and U. N. Singh, “Side-line tunable laser transmitter for differential absorption lidar measurements of CO2: design and application to atmospheric measurements,” Appl. Opt. 47, 944-956 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Amediek, A. Fix, M. Wirth, and G. Ehret, “Development of an OPO system at 1.57 μm for integrated path DIAL measurement of atmospheric carbon dioxide,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 295-302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Gibert, P. H. Flamant, J. Cuesta, and D. Bruneau. “Vertical 2 μm heterodyne differential absorption lidar measurements of mean CO2 mixing ratio in the troposphere,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 25, 1477-1499 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Joly, F. Gibert, B. Grouiez, A. Grossel, B. Parvitte, G. Durry, and V. Zéninari, “A complete study of line parameters around 4845 cm−1 for lidar applications,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 109, 426-434 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Toth, L. R. Brown, C. E. Miller, V. M. Devi, and D. C. Benner, “Spectroscopic database of CO2 line parameters: 4300-7000 cm−1,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 109, 906-921 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (4)

R. A. Toth, C. E. Miller, V. M. Devi, D. C. Benner, and L. R. Brown, “Air broadened halfwidth and pressure shift coefficients of 12C16O2 bands: 4750−7000 cm−1,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 246, 133-157 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Joly, B. Parvitte, V. Zéninari, and G. Durry, “Development of a compact CO2 sensor open to the atmosphere and based on near-infrared laser technology at 2.68 micron,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 743-748 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O'Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314, doi:10.1029/2006JD007659, (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Miglietta, B. Gioli, R. W. A. Hutjes, and M. Reichstein, “Net regional ecosystem CO2 exchange from airborne and ground-based eddy-covariance, land-use maps and weather observations,” Glob. Change Biol. 01219, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2006 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (6)

F. Gibert, P. H. Flamant, D. Bruneau., and C. Loth, “Two micrometer heterodyne differential absorption lidar measurements of the atmospheric CO2 mixing ratio in the boundary layer,” Appl. Opt. 45, 4448 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Zéninari, B. Parvitte, L. Joly, T. Le Barbu, N. Amarouche, and G. Durry, “Laboratory spectroscopic calibration of infrared tunable laser spectrometers for the in situ sensing of the Earth and Martian atmospheres,” Appl. Phys. B 85, 265-272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu., B. C. Trieu, E. A. Modlin, U. N. Singh, M. J. Kavaya, S. Chen, Y. Bai, P. J. Petzar, and M. Petros, “1 J/pluse Q-switched 2 μm solid state laser,” Opt. Lett. 31, 462-464 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Bruneau, F. Gibert, P. H. Flamant, and J. Pelon, “Complementary study of differential absorption lidar optimization in direct and heterodyne detection,” Appl. Opt. 45, 4898-4906(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Regalia-Jarlot, V. Zéninari, B. Parvitte, A. Grossel, X. Thomas, P. Von Dr Heydden, and G. Durry, “A complete study of the line intensities of four bands of CO2 around 1.6 and 2.0 μm: A comparison between Fourier transform and diode laser measurements,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 101, 325-336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Toth, L. R. Brown, C. E. Miller, V. M. Devi, and D. C. Benner, “Line strengths of 12C16O2:4550-7000 cm−1,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 239, 221-242 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

G. J. Koch, B. W. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Y. Beyon, F. Amzajerdian, J. Yu, R. E. Davis, S. Ismail, S. Vay, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, “Coherent differential absorption lidar measurements of CO2,” Appl. Opt. 43, 5092-5099 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Zéninari, A. Vicet, B. Parvitte, L. Joly, and G. Durry, “In situ sensing of atmospheric CO2 with laser diodes near 2.05 μm: a spectroscopic study,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 45, 229-237(2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2001 (1)

P. J. Rayner and D. M. O'Brien, “The utility of remotely sensed CO2 concentration data in surface source inversions,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 28, 175 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

J. Humlicek, “An efficient method for evaluation of the complex probability function. The Voigt function and its derivative,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 21, 309-313(1979).
[CrossRef]

Abo, M.

Alkhaled, A.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O'Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314, doi:10.1029/2006JD007659, (2007).
[CrossRef]

Amarouche, N.

V. Zéninari, B. Parvitte, L. Joly, T. Le Barbu, N. Amarouche, and G. Durry, “Laboratory spectroscopic calibration of infrared tunable laser spectrometers for the in situ sensing of the Earth and Martian atmospheres,” Appl. Phys. B 85, 265-272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Amediek, A.

G. Ehret, C. Kiemle, M. Wirth, A. Amediek, A. Fix, and S. Houweling, “Space-borne remote sensing of CO2, CH4, and NwO by integrated path differential absorption lidar: a sensitivity analysis,” Appl. Phys. B. 90, 593-608 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Amediek, A. Fix, M. Wirth, and G. Ehret, “Development of an OPO system at 1.57 μm for integrated path DIAL measurement of atmospheric carbon dioxide,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 295-302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Amzajerdian, F.

Bai, Y.

Barbe, A.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, B. W.

Benner, D. C.

R. A. Toth, L. R. Brown, C. E. Miller, V. M. Devi, and D. C. Benner, “Spectroscopic database of CO2 line parameters: 4300-7000 cm−1,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 109, 906-921 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Toth, C. E. Miller, V. M. Devi, D. C. Benner, and L. R. Brown, “Air broadened halfwidth and pressure shift coefficients of 12C16O2 bands: 4750−7000 cm−1,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 246, 133-157 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Toth, L. R. Brown, C. E. Miller, V. M. Devi, and D. C. Benner, “Line strengths of 12C16O2:4550-7000 cm−1,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 239, 221-242 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Berrou, A.

M. Raybaut, A. Berrou, A. Godard, A. Mohamed, M. Lefebvre, F. Marnas, D. Edouart, P. Flamant, A. Bohman, P. Geiser, and P. Kaspersen, “High brightness 2 μm source based on a type II doubly resonant ECOPO,” presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics: 2009 OSA Optics and Photonics Congress, Denver, Colorado, USA, 1-4 Feb. 2009.

Beyon, J. Y.

Beyond, J. Y.

Birk, M.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Boesch, H.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O'Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314, doi:10.1029/2006JD007659, (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bohman, A.

M. Raybaut, A. Berrou, A. Godard, A. Mohamed, M. Lefebvre, F. Marnas, D. Edouart, P. Flamant, A. Bohman, P. Geiser, and P. Kaspersen, “High brightness 2 μm source based on a type II doubly resonant ECOPO,” presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics: 2009 OSA Optics and Photonics Congress, Denver, Colorado, USA, 1-4 Feb. 2009.

Brown, L. R.

R. A. Toth, L. R. Brown, C. E. Miller, V. M. Devi, and D. C. Benner, “Spectroscopic database of CO2 line parameters: 4300-7000 cm−1,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 109, 906-921 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Toth, C. E. Miller, V. M. Devi, D. C. Benner, and L. R. Brown, “Air broadened halfwidth and pressure shift coefficients of 12C16O2 bands: 4750−7000 cm−1,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 246, 133-157 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Toth, L. R. Brown, C. E. Miller, V. M. Devi, and D. C. Benner, “Line strengths of 12C16O2:4550-7000 cm−1,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 239, 221-242 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bruneau, D.

F. Gibert, P. H. Flamant, J. Cuesta, and D. Bruneau. “Vertical 2 μm heterodyne differential absorption lidar measurements of mean CO2 mixing ratio in the troposphere,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 25, 1477-1499 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Bruneau, F. Gibert, P. H. Flamant, and J. Pelon, “Complementary study of differential absorption lidar optimization in direct and heterodyne detection,” Appl. Opt. 45, 4898-4906(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bruneau., D.

Carleer, M. R.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chackerian, C.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chance, K.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S.

Chris Benner, D.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Connor, B. J.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O'Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314, doi:10.1029/2006JD007659, (2007).
[CrossRef]

Coudert, L. H.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Crisp, D.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O'Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314, doi:10.1029/2006JD007659, (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cuesta, J.

F. Gibert, P. H. Flamant, J. Cuesta, and D. Bruneau. “Vertical 2 μm heterodyne differential absorption lidar measurements of mean CO2 mixing ratio in the troposphere,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 25, 1477-1499 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dana, V.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Davis, R. E.

Davisand, K. J.

DeCola, P. L.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O'Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314, doi:10.1029/2006JD007659, (2007).
[CrossRef]

Denning, A. S.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O'Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314, doi:10.1029/2006JD007659, (2007).
[CrossRef]

Devi, V. M.

R. A. Toth, L. R. Brown, C. E. Miller, V. M. Devi, and D. C. Benner, “Spectroscopic database of CO2 line parameters: 4300-7000 cm−1,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 109, 906-921 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Toth, C. E. Miller, V. M. Devi, D. C. Benner, and L. R. Brown, “Air broadened halfwidth and pressure shift coefficients of 12C16O2 bands: 4750−7000 cm−1,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 246, 133-157 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Toth, L. R. Brown, C. E. Miller, V. M. Devi, and D. C. Benner, “Line strengths of 12C16O2:4550-7000 cm−1,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 239, 221-242 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Doney, S. C.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O'Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314, doi:10.1029/2006JD007659, (2007).
[CrossRef]

Durry, G.

L. Joly, F. Gibert, B. Grouiez, A. Grossel, B. Parvitte, G. Durry, and V. Zéninari, “A complete study of line parameters around 4845 cm−1 for lidar applications,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 109, 426-434 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Joly, B. Parvitte, V. Zéninari, and G. Durry, “Development of a compact CO2 sensor open to the atmosphere and based on near-infrared laser technology at 2.68 micron,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 743-748 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Zéninari, B. Parvitte, L. Joly, T. Le Barbu, N. Amarouche, and G. Durry, “Laboratory spectroscopic calibration of infrared tunable laser spectrometers for the in situ sensing of the Earth and Martian atmospheres,” Appl. Phys. B 85, 265-272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Regalia-Jarlot, V. Zéninari, B. Parvitte, A. Grossel, X. Thomas, P. Von Dr Heydden, and G. Durry, “A complete study of the line intensities of four bands of CO2 around 1.6 and 2.0 μm: A comparison between Fourier transform and diode laser measurements,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 101, 325-336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Zéninari, A. Vicet, B. Parvitte, L. Joly, and G. Durry, “In situ sensing of atmospheric CO2 with laser diodes near 2.05 μm: a spectroscopic study,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 45, 229-237(2004).
[CrossRef]

Edouart, D.

M. Raybaut, A. Berrou, A. Godard, A. Mohamed, M. Lefebvre, F. Marnas, D. Edouart, P. Flamant, A. Bohman, P. Geiser, and P. Kaspersen, “High brightness 2 μm source based on a type II doubly resonant ECOPO,” presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics: 2009 OSA Optics and Photonics Congress, Denver, Colorado, USA, 1-4 Feb. 2009.

Ehret, G.

G. Ehret, C. Kiemle, M. Wirth, A. Amediek, A. Fix, and S. Houweling, “Space-borne remote sensing of CO2, CH4, and NwO by integrated path differential absorption lidar: a sensitivity analysis,” Appl. Phys. B. 90, 593-608 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Amediek, A. Fix, M. Wirth, and G. Ehret, “Development of an OPO system at 1.57 μm for integrated path DIAL measurement of atmospheric carbon dioxide,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 295-302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fix, A.

G. Ehret, C. Kiemle, M. Wirth, A. Amediek, A. Fix, and S. Houweling, “Space-borne remote sensing of CO2, CH4, and NwO by integrated path differential absorption lidar: a sensitivity analysis,” Appl. Phys. B. 90, 593-608 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Amediek, A. Fix, M. Wirth, and G. Ehret, “Development of an OPO system at 1.57 μm for integrated path DIAL measurement of atmospheric carbon dioxide,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 295-302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Flamant, P.

M. Raybaut, A. Berrou, A. Godard, A. Mohamed, M. Lefebvre, F. Marnas, D. Edouart, P. Flamant, A. Bohman, P. Geiser, and P. Kaspersen, “High brightness 2 μm source based on a type II doubly resonant ECOPO,” presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics: 2009 OSA Optics and Photonics Congress, Denver, Colorado, USA, 1-4 Feb. 2009.

Flamant, P. H.

Flaud, J.-M.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fung, I. Y.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O'Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314, doi:10.1029/2006JD007659, (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gamache, R. R.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Geiser, P.

M. Raybaut, A. Berrou, A. Godard, A. Mohamed, M. Lefebvre, F. Marnas, D. Edouart, P. Flamant, A. Bohman, P. Geiser, and P. Kaspersen, “High brightness 2 μm source based on a type II doubly resonant ECOPO,” presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics: 2009 OSA Optics and Photonics Congress, Denver, Colorado, USA, 1-4 Feb. 2009.

Gibert, F.

Gioli, B.

F. Miglietta, B. Gioli, R. W. A. Hutjes, and M. Reichstein, “Net regional ecosystem CO2 exchange from airborne and ground-based eddy-covariance, land-use maps and weather observations,” Glob. Change Biol. 01219, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2006 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Godard, A.

M. Raybaut, A. Berrou, A. Godard, A. Mohamed, M. Lefebvre, F. Marnas, D. Edouart, P. Flamant, A. Bohman, P. Geiser, and P. Kaspersen, “High brightness 2 μm source based on a type II doubly resonant ECOPO,” presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics: 2009 OSA Optics and Photonics Congress, Denver, Colorado, USA, 1-4 Feb. 2009.

Goldman, A.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Grossel, A.

L. Joly, F. Gibert, B. Grouiez, A. Grossel, B. Parvitte, G. Durry, and V. Zéninari, “A complete study of line parameters around 4845 cm−1 for lidar applications,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 109, 426-434 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Regalia-Jarlot, V. Zéninari, B. Parvitte, A. Grossel, X. Thomas, P. Von Dr Heydden, and G. Durry, “A complete study of the line intensities of four bands of CO2 around 1.6 and 2.0 μm: A comparison between Fourier transform and diode laser measurements,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 101, 325-336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Grouiez, B.

L. Joly, F. Gibert, B. Grouiez, A. Grossel, B. Parvitte, G. Durry, and V. Zéninari, “A complete study of line parameters around 4845 cm−1 for lidar applications,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 109, 426-434 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hartmann, J.-M.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Houweling, S.

G. Ehret, C. Kiemle, M. Wirth, A. Amediek, A. Fix, and S. Houweling, “Space-borne remote sensing of CO2, CH4, and NwO by integrated path differential absorption lidar: a sensitivity analysis,” Appl. Phys. B. 90, 593-608 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Humlicek, J.

J. Humlicek, “An efficient method for evaluation of the complex probability function. The Voigt function and its derivative,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 21, 309-313(1979).
[CrossRef]

Hutjes, R. W. A.

F. Miglietta, B. Gioli, R. W. A. Hutjes, and M. Reichstein, “Net regional ecosystem CO2 exchange from airborne and ground-based eddy-covariance, land-use maps and weather observations,” Glob. Change Biol. 01219, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2006 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ismail, S.

Jacob, D. J.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O'Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314, doi:10.1029/2006JD007659, (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jacquemart, D.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Joly, L.

L. Joly, F. Gibert, B. Grouiez, A. Grossel, B. Parvitte, G. Durry, and V. Zéninari, “A complete study of line parameters around 4845 cm−1 for lidar applications,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 109, 426-434 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Joly, B. Parvitte, V. Zéninari, and G. Durry, “Development of a compact CO2 sensor open to the atmosphere and based on near-infrared laser technology at 2.68 micron,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 743-748 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Zéninari, B. Parvitte, L. Joly, T. Le Barbu, N. Amarouche, and G. Durry, “Laboratory spectroscopic calibration of infrared tunable laser spectrometers for the in situ sensing of the Earth and Martian atmospheres,” Appl. Phys. B 85, 265-272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Zéninari, A. Vicet, B. Parvitte, L. Joly, and G. Durry, “In situ sensing of atmospheric CO2 with laser diodes near 2.05 μm: a spectroscopic study,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 45, 229-237(2004).
[CrossRef]

Jones, D. B. A.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O'Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314, doi:10.1029/2006JD007659, (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jucks, K. W.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kaspersen, P.

M. Raybaut, A. Berrou, A. Godard, A. Mohamed, M. Lefebvre, F. Marnas, D. Edouart, P. Flamant, A. Bohman, P. Geiser, and P. Kaspersen, “High brightness 2 μm source based on a type II doubly resonant ECOPO,” presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics: 2009 OSA Optics and Photonics Congress, Denver, Colorado, USA, 1-4 Feb. 2009.

Kavaya, M. J.

Kiemle, C.

G. Ehret, C. Kiemle, M. Wirth, A. Amediek, A. Fix, and S. Houweling, “Space-borne remote sensing of CO2, CH4, and NwO by integrated path differential absorption lidar: a sensitivity analysis,” Appl. Phys. B. 90, 593-608 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Koch, G. J.

Law, R. M.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O'Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314, doi:10.1029/2006JD007659, (2007).
[CrossRef]

Le Barbu, T.

V. Zéninari, B. Parvitte, L. Joly, T. Le Barbu, N. Amarouche, and G. Durry, “Laboratory spectroscopic calibration of infrared tunable laser spectrometers for the in situ sensing of the Earth and Martian atmospheres,” Appl. Phys. B 85, 265-272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lefebvre, M.

M. Raybaut, A. Berrou, A. Godard, A. Mohamed, M. Lefebvre, F. Marnas, D. Edouart, P. Flamant, A. Bohman, P. Geiser, and P. Kaspersen, “High brightness 2 μm source based on a type II doubly resonant ECOPO,” presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics: 2009 OSA Optics and Photonics Congress, Denver, Colorado, USA, 1-4 Feb. 2009.

Loth, C.

Maki, A. G.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mandin, J.-Y.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Marnas, F.

M. Raybaut, A. Berrou, A. Godard, A. Mohamed, M. Lefebvre, F. Marnas, D. Edouart, P. Flamant, A. Bohman, P. Geiser, and P. Kaspersen, “High brightness 2 μm source based on a type II doubly resonant ECOPO,” presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics: 2009 OSA Optics and Photonics Congress, Denver, Colorado, USA, 1-4 Feb. 2009.

Massie, S. T.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Menzies, R. T.

Michalak, A. M.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O'Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314, doi:10.1029/2006JD007659, (2007).
[CrossRef]

Miglietta, F.

F. Miglietta, B. Gioli, R. W. A. Hutjes, and M. Reichstein, “Net regional ecosystem CO2 exchange from airborne and ground-based eddy-covariance, land-use maps and weather observations,” Glob. Change Biol. 01219, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2006 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Miller, C. E.

R. A. Toth, L. R. Brown, C. E. Miller, V. M. Devi, and D. C. Benner, “Spectroscopic database of CO2 line parameters: 4300-7000 cm−1,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 109, 906-921 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Toth, C. E. Miller, V. M. Devi, D. C. Benner, and L. R. Brown, “Air broadened halfwidth and pressure shift coefficients of 12C16O2 bands: 4750−7000 cm−1,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 246, 133-157 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O'Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314, doi:10.1029/2006JD007659, (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Toth, L. R. Brown, C. E. Miller, V. M. Devi, and D. C. Benner, “Line strengths of 12C16O2:4550-7000 cm−1,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 239, 221-242 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Modlin, E. A.

Mohamed, A.

M. Raybaut, A. Berrou, A. Godard, A. Mohamed, M. Lefebvre, F. Marnas, D. Edouart, P. Flamant, A. Bohman, P. Geiser, and P. Kaspersen, “High brightness 2 μm source based on a type II doubly resonant ECOPO,” presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics: 2009 OSA Optics and Photonics Congress, Denver, Colorado, USA, 1-4 Feb. 2009.

Nagai, T.

Nagasawa, C.

Nakazato, M.

Nicholls, M. E.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O'Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314, doi:10.1029/2006JD007659, (2007).
[CrossRef]

O'Brien, D.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O'Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314, doi:10.1029/2006JD007659, (2007).
[CrossRef]

O'Brien, D. M.

P. J. Rayner and D. M. O'Brien, “The utility of remotely sensed CO2 concentration data in surface source inversions,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 28, 175 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Olsen, S. C.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O'Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314, doi:10.1029/2006JD007659, (2007).
[CrossRef]

Orphal, J.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Parvitte, B.

L. Joly, F. Gibert, B. Grouiez, A. Grossel, B. Parvitte, G. Durry, and V. Zéninari, “A complete study of line parameters around 4845 cm−1 for lidar applications,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 109, 426-434 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Joly, B. Parvitte, V. Zéninari, and G. Durry, “Development of a compact CO2 sensor open to the atmosphere and based on near-infrared laser technology at 2.68 micron,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 743-748 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Zéninari, B. Parvitte, L. Joly, T. Le Barbu, N. Amarouche, and G. Durry, “Laboratory spectroscopic calibration of infrared tunable laser spectrometers for the in situ sensing of the Earth and Martian atmospheres,” Appl. Phys. B 85, 265-272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Regalia-Jarlot, V. Zéninari, B. Parvitte, A. Grossel, X. Thomas, P. Von Dr Heydden, and G. Durry, “A complete study of the line intensities of four bands of CO2 around 1.6 and 2.0 μm: A comparison between Fourier transform and diode laser measurements,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 101, 325-336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Zéninari, A. Vicet, B. Parvitte, L. Joly, and G. Durry, “In situ sensing of atmospheric CO2 with laser diodes near 2.05 μm: a spectroscopic study,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 45, 229-237(2004).
[CrossRef]

Pawson, S.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O'Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314, doi:10.1029/2006JD007659, (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pelon, J.

Perrin, A.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Petros, M.

Petzar, P. J.

Randerson, J. T.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O'Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314, doi:10.1029/2006JD007659, (2007).
[CrossRef]

Raybaut, M.

M. Raybaut, A. Berrou, A. Godard, A. Mohamed, M. Lefebvre, F. Marnas, D. Edouart, P. Flamant, A. Bohman, P. Geiser, and P. Kaspersen, “High brightness 2 μm source based on a type II doubly resonant ECOPO,” presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics: 2009 OSA Optics and Photonics Congress, Denver, Colorado, USA, 1-4 Feb. 2009.

Rayner, P.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O'Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314, doi:10.1029/2006JD007659, (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rayner, P. J.

P. J. Rayner and D. M. O'Brien, “The utility of remotely sensed CO2 concentration data in surface source inversions,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 28, 175 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Regalia-Jarlot, L.

L. Regalia-Jarlot, V. Zéninari, B. Parvitte, A. Grossel, X. Thomas, P. Von Dr Heydden, and G. Durry, “A complete study of the line intensities of four bands of CO2 around 1.6 and 2.0 μm: A comparison between Fourier transform and diode laser measurements,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 101, 325-336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Reichstein, M.

F. Miglietta, B. Gioli, R. W. A. Hutjes, and M. Reichstein, “Net regional ecosystem CO2 exchange from airborne and ground-based eddy-covariance, land-use maps and weather observations,” Glob. Change Biol. 01219, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2006 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rinsland, C. P.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rothman, L. S.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sakai, T.

Sakaizawa, D.

Salawitch, R. J.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O'Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314, doi:10.1029/2006JD007659, (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sander, S. P.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O'Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314, doi:10.1029/2006JD007659, (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sen, B.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O'Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314, doi:10.1029/2006JD007659, (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shibata, Y.

Singh, U. N.

Smith, M. A. H.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Suntharalingam, P.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O'Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314, doi:10.1029/2006JD007659, (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tans, P.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O'Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314, doi:10.1029/2006JD007659, (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tennyson, J.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, X.

L. Regalia-Jarlot, V. Zéninari, B. Parvitte, A. Grossel, X. Thomas, P. Von Dr Heydden, and G. Durry, “A complete study of the line intensities of four bands of CO2 around 1.6 and 2.0 μm: A comparison between Fourier transform and diode laser measurements,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 101, 325-336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tolchenov, R. N.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Toon, G. C.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O'Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314, doi:10.1029/2006JD007659, (2007).
[CrossRef]

Toth, R. A.

R. A. Toth, L. R. Brown, C. E. Miller, V. M. Devi, and D. C. Benner, “Spectroscopic database of CO2 line parameters: 4300-7000 cm−1,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 109, 906-921 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Toth, C. E. Miller, V. M. Devi, D. C. Benner, and L. R. Brown, “Air broadened halfwidth and pressure shift coefficients of 12C16O2 bands: 4750−7000 cm−1,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 246, 133-157 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Toth, L. R. Brown, C. E. Miller, V. M. Devi, and D. C. Benner, “Line strengths of 12C16O2:4550-7000 cm−1,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 239, 221-242 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tratt, D. M.

Trieu, B. C.

Vander Auwera, J.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Varanasi, P.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vay, S.

Vicet, A.

V. Zéninari, A. Vicet, B. Parvitte, L. Joly, and G. Durry, “In situ sensing of atmospheric CO2 with laser diodes near 2.05 μm: a spectroscopic study,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 45, 229-237(2004).
[CrossRef]

Von Dr Heydden, P.

L. Regalia-Jarlot, V. Zéninari, B. Parvitte, A. Grossel, X. Thomas, P. Von Dr Heydden, and G. Durry, “A complete study of the line intensities of four bands of CO2 around 1.6 and 2.0 μm: A comparison between Fourier transform and diode laser measurements,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 101, 325-336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, G.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wennberg, P. O.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O'Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314, doi:10.1029/2006JD007659, (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wirth, M.

A. Amediek, A. Fix, M. Wirth, and G. Ehret, “Development of an OPO system at 1.57 μm for integrated path DIAL measurement of atmospheric carbon dioxide,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 295-302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Ehret, C. Kiemle, M. Wirth, A. Amediek, A. Fix, and S. Houweling, “Space-borne remote sensing of CO2, CH4, and NwO by integrated path differential absorption lidar: a sensitivity analysis,” Appl. Phys. B. 90, 593-608 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wofsy, S. C.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O'Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314, doi:10.1029/2006JD007659, (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

Yu., J.

Yung, Y. L.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O'Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314, doi:10.1029/2006JD007659, (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zéninari, V.

L. Joly, F. Gibert, B. Grouiez, A. Grossel, B. Parvitte, G. Durry, and V. Zéninari, “A complete study of line parameters around 4845 cm−1 for lidar applications,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 109, 426-434 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Joly, B. Parvitte, V. Zéninari, and G. Durry, “Development of a compact CO2 sensor open to the atmosphere and based on near-infrared laser technology at 2.68 micron,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 743-748 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Zéninari, B. Parvitte, L. Joly, T. Le Barbu, N. Amarouche, and G. Durry, “Laboratory spectroscopic calibration of infrared tunable laser spectrometers for the in situ sensing of the Earth and Martian atmospheres,” Appl. Phys. B 85, 265-272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Regalia-Jarlot, V. Zéninari, B. Parvitte, A. Grossel, X. Thomas, P. Von Dr Heydden, and G. Durry, “A complete study of the line intensities of four bands of CO2 around 1.6 and 2.0 μm: A comparison between Fourier transform and diode laser measurements,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 101, 325-336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Zéninari, A. Vicet, B. Parvitte, L. Joly, and G. Durry, “In situ sensing of atmospheric CO2 with laser diodes near 2.05 μm: a spectroscopic study,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 45, 229-237(2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (6)

G. J. Koch, B. W. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Y. Beyon, F. Amzajerdian, J. Yu, R. E. Davis, S. Ismail, S. Vay, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, “Coherent differential absorption lidar measurements of CO2,” Appl. Opt. 43, 5092-5099 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Gibert, P. H. Flamant, D. Bruneau., and C. Loth, “Two micrometer heterodyne differential absorption lidar measurements of the atmospheric CO2 mixing ratio in the boundary layer,” Appl. Opt. 45, 4448 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. T. Menzies and D. M. Tratt, “Differential laser absorption spectrometry for global profiling of tropospheric carbon dioxide: selection of optimum sounding frequencies for high-precision measurements,” Appl. Opt. 42, 6569-6577 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyond, F. Gibert, B. W. Barnes, S. Ismail, M. Petros, P. J. Petzar, J. Yu, E. A. Modlin, K. J. Davisand, and U. N. Singh, “Side-line tunable laser transmitter for differential absorption lidar measurements of CO2: design and application to atmospheric measurements,” Appl. Opt. 47, 944-956 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Sakaizawa, C. Nagasawa, T. Nagai, M. Abo, Y. Shibata, M. Nakazato, and T. Sakai, “Development of a 1.6 μm differential absorption lidar with a quasi phase-matching optical parametric oscillator and photon-counting detector for the vertical CO2 profile,” Appl. Opt. 48, 748-757 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Bruneau, F. Gibert, P. H. Flamant, and J. Pelon, “Complementary study of differential absorption lidar optimization in direct and heterodyne detection,” Appl. Opt. 45, 4898-4906(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (3)

A. Amediek, A. Fix, M. Wirth, and G. Ehret, “Development of an OPO system at 1.57 μm for integrated path DIAL measurement of atmospheric carbon dioxide,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 295-302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Joly, B. Parvitte, V. Zéninari, and G. Durry, “Development of a compact CO2 sensor open to the atmosphere and based on near-infrared laser technology at 2.68 micron,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 743-748 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Zéninari, B. Parvitte, L. Joly, T. Le Barbu, N. Amarouche, and G. Durry, “Laboratory spectroscopic calibration of infrared tunable laser spectrometers for the in situ sensing of the Earth and Martian atmospheres,” Appl. Phys. B 85, 265-272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B. (1)

G. Ehret, C. Kiemle, M. Wirth, A. Amediek, A. Fix, and S. Houweling, “Space-borne remote sensing of CO2, CH4, and NwO by integrated path differential absorption lidar: a sensitivity analysis,” Appl. Phys. B. 90, 593-608 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Geophys. Res. Lett. (1)

P. J. Rayner and D. M. O'Brien, “The utility of remotely sensed CO2 concentration data in surface source inversions,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 28, 175 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Glob. Change Biol. (1)

F. Miglietta, B. Gioli, R. W. A. Hutjes, and M. Reichstein, “Net regional ecosystem CO2 exchange from airborne and ground-based eddy-covariance, land-use maps and weather observations,” Glob. Change Biol. 01219, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2006 (2007).
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Infrared Phys. Technol. (1)

V. Zéninari, A. Vicet, B. Parvitte, L. Joly, and G. Durry, “In situ sensing of atmospheric CO2 with laser diodes near 2.05 μm: a spectroscopic study,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 45, 229-237(2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. (1)

F. Gibert, P. H. Flamant, J. Cuesta, and D. Bruneau. “Vertical 2 μm heterodyne differential absorption lidar measurements of mean CO2 mixing ratio in the troposphere,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 25, 1477-1499 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res. (1)

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O'Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314, doi:10.1029/2006JD007659, (2007).
[CrossRef]

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R. A. Toth, L. R. Brown, C. E. Miller, V. M. Devi, and D. C. Benner, “Line strengths of 12C16O2:4550-7000 cm−1,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 239, 221-242 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Toth, C. E. Miller, V. M. Devi, D. C. Benner, and L. R. Brown, “Air broadened halfwidth and pressure shift coefficients of 12C16O2 bands: 4750−7000 cm−1,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 246, 133-157 (2007).
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[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Regalia-Jarlot, V. Zéninari, B. Parvitte, A. Grossel, X. Thomas, P. Von Dr Heydden, and G. Durry, “A complete study of the line intensities of four bands of CO2 around 1.6 and 2.0 μm: A comparison between Fourier transform and diode laser measurements,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 101, 325-336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Joly, F. Gibert, B. Grouiez, A. Grossel, B. Parvitte, G. Durry, and V. Zéninari, “A complete study of line parameters around 4845 cm−1 for lidar applications,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 109, 426-434 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (7)

M. Raybaut, A. Berrou, A. Godard, A. Mohamed, M. Lefebvre, F. Marnas, D. Edouart, P. Flamant, A. Bohman, P. Geiser, and P. Kaspersen, “High brightness 2 μm source based on a type II doubly resonant ECOPO,” presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics: 2009 OSA Optics and Photonics Congress, Denver, Colorado, USA, 1-4 Feb. 2009.

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Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS), airs.jpl.nasa.gov.

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“Greenhouse gases observing satellite “IBUKI” (GOSAT),” www.jaxa.jp/projects/sat/gosat/index_e.html.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Block diagram of the experimental setup used for LDAS measurements [15].

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Examples of recorded absorption spectra for the CO 2 R30 transition at 4875.75 cm 1 . Experimental and fitted Voigt shapes are presented. The residual term, i.e., the experimental value minus the theoretical value from Voigt line shape is shown at the bottom. Experimental conditions are (a)  p = 3.71 mbar , T = 293 K , L = 203.8 cm and (b)  p = 166.1 mbar , T = 295 K , L = 1003.8 cm . CO 2 mixing ratio is 0.009.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Halfwidths γ of the CO 2 R30 transition (in the 2 μm ) as a function of pressure. The halfwidth is calculated using a Voigt fit.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Halfwidths γ of R26, R28, and R30 CO 2 transitions (in the 2 μm ) band as a function of temperature (logarithmic scale). The slope of the linear fit enables the determination of the temperature parameter of the CO 2 absorption line η. The halfwidths are calculated using a Voigt fit.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Single-path atmospheric transmission for the lower 60 km considering CO 2 (black line) and H 2 O (gray line) absorption lines between 4873 and 4877 cm 1 . We considered standard conditions (STA) for temperature, pressure, and humidity profiles and a constant CO 2 mixing ratio of 370 ppm . On ( CO 2 absorbed) and Off (non absorbed) laser line positioning on the wing of the CO 2 R30 absorption line are indicated. (b) Differential optical thickness due to CO 2 absorption. (c) Differential weighting function (WF). (d) Cumulated weighting function as a function of pressure. ABL: atmospheric boundary layer.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Biases on CO 2 mixing ratio (in ppm) due to the spectroscopic uncertainties that remain after the present study (taken with a positive sign) in (a)  γ 0 air-broadening coefficient at 296 K , (b) η temperature parameter, and (c)  p shift pressure shift as a function of the pressure of the reflecting surface and for different temperature profiles: standard (STA), subartic (SAW), and tropical (TRO).

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Absolute Line Intensities for CO 2 in the 2.05 μm Region at 296 K and Comparison with Previous Determinations a

Tables Icon

Table 2 Experimental Values of Air-Broadening Coefficients at 296 K and Comparison with Previous Determinations a

Tables Icon

Table 3 Mean Interregional Biases on Total Column CO 2 Mixing Ratio Measurements Because of Biases in Spectroscopic Parameters a

Equations (12)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

τ = 1 2 ln ( P off P on ) + C ,
τ = 0 p surf ρ ( p ) WF ( p ) d p ,
WF ( p ) = n a ( p ) ( σ ˜ on ( p ) σ ˜ off ( p ) ) ( z p ( p ) ) .
WF ( p ) = σ ˜ on ( p ) σ ˜ off ( p ) m a g ( 1 + m w / m a ρ w ( p ) ) ,
ρ ¯ = τ 0 p surf WF ( p ) d p .
σ ˜ ( ν ) = S γ D π y ( ln 2 π ) 1 / 2 + exp ( u 2 ) y 2 + ( x u ) 2 d u ,
S = S 0 ( T 0 T ) exp ( E h c k ( 1 T 1 T 0 ) ) ,
γ = γ 0 P P 0 ( T 0 T ) η ,
γ D = ν 0 ( 2 ln 2 k T / m ) 1 / 2 / c .
γ ( T ) = γ 0 ( 296 K ) ( 296 T ) η ,
ln γ ( T ) = η ln ( T ) + ln ( γ 0 ( 296 ) ) + η ln ( 296 ) .
δ ρ ( p surf , T ( p ) , δ X ) = τ 0 p surf WF ( p , T ( p ) , δ X ) d p τ 0 p surf WF ( p , T ( p ) , δ X = 0 ) d p .

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