Abstract

Spin casting electro-optic polymers for in-fiber device fabrication is problematic due to the flexibility and high-contrast topography of optical fibers. An ink-jetting method is developed for the deposition of AJL8/APC using a commercially available printer. The method results in more consistent control of film thickness and uses 1000 times less material than the spin-coating method. A D-fiber electric field sensor is fabricated using this deposition method and exhibits a sensitivity of 157V/(mHz) at a modulation frequency of 6GHz.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2008 (2)

R. Gibson, R. Selfridge, S. Schultz, W. Wang, and R. Forber, “Electro-optic sensor from high Q resonance between optical D-fiber and slab waveguide,” Appl. Opt. 47, 2234-2240 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. H. Shim, M. G. Han, J. C. Sharp-Norton, S. E. Creager, and S. H. Foulger, “Inkjet-printed electrochromic devices utilizing polyaniline--silica and poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)--silica colloidal composite particles,” J. Mater. Chem. 18, 594-601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

2006 (5)

R. J. Michalak, K. Ying-Hao, F. D. Nash, A. Szep, J. R. Caffey, P. M. Payson, F. Haas, B. F. McKeon, P. R. Cook, G. A. Brost, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and W. H. Steier, “High-speed AJL8/APC polymer modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1207-1209 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xia and R. H. Friend, “Polymer bilayer structure via inkjet printing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 163508 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Mabrook, C. Pearson, and M. C. Petty, “Inkjet-printed polypyrrole thin films for vapour sensing,” Sens. Actuators B 115, 547-551 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Selfridge, S. M. Schultz, T. L. Lowder, V. P. Wnuk, A. Mendez, S. Ferguson, and T. Graver, “Packaging of surface relief fiber Bragg gratings for use as strain sensors at high temperature,” Proc. SPIE 6167, 616702 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yoshioka and G. E. Jabbour, “Desktop inkjet printer as a tool to print conducting polymers,” Synth. Met. 156, 779-783(2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (5)

T. L. Lowder, K. H. Smith, B. L. Ipson, A. R. Hawkins, R. H. Selfridge, and S. M. Schultz, “High-temperature sensing using surface relief fiber bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1926-1928 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, K. Varahramyan, and T. Cui, “Low-voltage all-polymer field-effect transistor fabricated using an inkjet printing technique,” Macromol. Rapid Commun. 26, 1955-1959 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. P. Pham, J. N. Burghartz, and P. M. Sarro, “Spray coating of photoresist for pattern transfer on high topography surfaces,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 15, 691-697 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Mabrook, C. Pearson, and M. C. Petty, “An inkjet-printed chemical fuse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 013507 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xia and R. H. Friend, “Controlled phase separation of polyfluorene blends via inkjet printing,” Macromolecules 38, 6466-6471 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

B.-J. de Gans, P. C. Duineveld, and U. S. Schubert, “Inkjet printing of polymers: state of the art and future developments,” Adv. Mater. 16, 203-213 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Luo, S. L, M. A. Haller, J.-W. Kang, T.-D. Kim, S.-H. Jang, B. Chen, N. Tucker, H. Li, H.-Z. Tang, L. R. Dalton, Y. Liao, B. H. Robinson, and A. K. Jen, “Recent progress in developing highly efficient and thermally stable nonlinear optical polymers for electro-optics,” Proc. SPIE 5351, 36-43 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2001 (2)

P. Calvert, “Inkjet printing for materials and devices,” Chem. Mater. 13, 3299-3305 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Reano, K. Yang, J. F. Whitaker, and L. P. B. Katehi, “Simultaneous measurements of electric and thermal fields utilizing an electrooptic semiconductor probe,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 2523-2531 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

M. Shinagawa, T. Nagatsuma, and S. Miyazawa, “Sensitivity improvement of an electro-optic high-impedance probe,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 47, 235-239 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

B. H. Kolner and D. M. Bloom, “Electrooptic sampling in GaAs integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 79-93(1986).
[CrossRef]

Bloom, D. M.

B. H. Kolner and D. M. Bloom, “Electrooptic sampling in GaAs integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 79-93(1986).
[CrossRef]

Brost, G. A.

R. J. Michalak, K. Ying-Hao, F. D. Nash, A. Szep, J. R. Caffey, P. M. Payson, F. Haas, B. F. McKeon, P. R. Cook, G. A. Brost, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and W. H. Steier, “High-speed AJL8/APC polymer modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1207-1209 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Burghartz, J. N.

N. P. Pham, J. N. Burghartz, and P. M. Sarro, “Spray coating of photoresist for pattern transfer on high topography surfaces,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 15, 691-697 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Caffey, J. R.

R. J. Michalak, K. Ying-Hao, F. D. Nash, A. Szep, J. R. Caffey, P. M. Payson, F. Haas, B. F. McKeon, P. R. Cook, G. A. Brost, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and W. H. Steier, “High-speed AJL8/APC polymer modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1207-1209 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Calvert, P.

P. Calvert, “Inkjet printing for materials and devices,” Chem. Mater. 13, 3299-3305 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chen, A.

H. Sun, A. Pyajt, J. Luo, Z. Shi, S. Hau, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and A. Chen, “All-dielectric electrooptic sensor based on a polymer microresonator coupled side-polished optical fiber, IEEE Sens. J. 7, 515-524 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, B.

J. Luo, S. L, M. A. Haller, J.-W. Kang, T.-D. Kim, S.-H. Jang, B. Chen, N. Tucker, H. Li, H.-Z. Tang, L. R. Dalton, Y. Liao, B. H. Robinson, and A. K. Jen, “Recent progress in developing highly efficient and thermally stable nonlinear optical polymers for electro-optics,” Proc. SPIE 5351, 36-43 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cook, P. R.

R. J. Michalak, K. Ying-Hao, F. D. Nash, A. Szep, J. R. Caffey, P. M. Payson, F. Haas, B. F. McKeon, P. R. Cook, G. A. Brost, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and W. H. Steier, “High-speed AJL8/APC polymer modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1207-1209 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Creager, S. E.

G. H. Shim, M. G. Han, J. C. Sharp-Norton, S. E. Creager, and S. H. Foulger, “Inkjet-printed electrochromic devices utilizing polyaniline--silica and poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)--silica colloidal composite particles,” J. Mater. Chem. 18, 594-601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cui, T.

Y. Liu, K. Varahramyan, and T. Cui, “Low-voltage all-polymer field-effect transistor fabricated using an inkjet printing technique,” Macromol. Rapid Commun. 26, 1955-1959 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dalton, L. R.

H. Sun, A. Pyajt, J. Luo, Z. Shi, S. Hau, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and A. Chen, “All-dielectric electrooptic sensor based on a polymer microresonator coupled side-polished optical fiber, IEEE Sens. J. 7, 515-524 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Michalak, K. Ying-Hao, F. D. Nash, A. Szep, J. R. Caffey, P. M. Payson, F. Haas, B. F. McKeon, P. R. Cook, G. A. Brost, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and W. H. Steier, “High-speed AJL8/APC polymer modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1207-1209 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Luo, S. L, M. A. Haller, J.-W. Kang, T.-D. Kim, S.-H. Jang, B. Chen, N. Tucker, H. Li, H.-Z. Tang, L. R. Dalton, Y. Liao, B. H. Robinson, and A. K. Jen, “Recent progress in developing highly efficient and thermally stable nonlinear optical polymers for electro-optics,” Proc. SPIE 5351, 36-43 (2004).
[CrossRef]

de Gans, B.-J.

B.-J. de Gans, P. C. Duineveld, and U. S. Schubert, “Inkjet printing of polymers: state of the art and future developments,” Adv. Mater. 16, 203-213 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Duineveld, P. C.

B.-J. de Gans, P. C. Duineveld, and U. S. Schubert, “Inkjet printing of polymers: state of the art and future developments,” Adv. Mater. 16, 203-213 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dyott, R. B.

Ferguson, S.

R. H. Selfridge, S. M. Schultz, T. L. Lowder, V. P. Wnuk, A. Mendez, S. Ferguson, and T. Graver, “Packaging of surface relief fiber Bragg gratings for use as strain sensors at high temperature,” Proc. SPIE 6167, 616702 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Forber, R.

Foulger, S. H.

G. H. Shim, M. G. Han, J. C. Sharp-Norton, S. E. Creager, and S. H. Foulger, “Inkjet-printed electrochromic devices utilizing polyaniline--silica and poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)--silica colloidal composite particles,” J. Mater. Chem. 18, 594-601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Friend, R. H.

Y. Xia and R. H. Friend, “Polymer bilayer structure via inkjet printing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 163508 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xia and R. H. Friend, “Controlled phase separation of polyfluorene blends via inkjet printing,” Macromolecules 38, 6466-6471 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gibson, R.

Gordon, J. D.

Graver, T.

R. H. Selfridge, S. M. Schultz, T. L. Lowder, V. P. Wnuk, A. Mendez, S. Ferguson, and T. Graver, “Packaging of surface relief fiber Bragg gratings for use as strain sensors at high temperature,” Proc. SPIE 6167, 616702 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Haas, F.

R. J. Michalak, K. Ying-Hao, F. D. Nash, A. Szep, J. R. Caffey, P. M. Payson, F. Haas, B. F. McKeon, P. R. Cook, G. A. Brost, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and W. H. Steier, “High-speed AJL8/APC polymer modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1207-1209 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Haller, M. A.

J. Luo, S. L, M. A. Haller, J.-W. Kang, T.-D. Kim, S.-H. Jang, B. Chen, N. Tucker, H. Li, H.-Z. Tang, L. R. Dalton, Y. Liao, B. H. Robinson, and A. K. Jen, “Recent progress in developing highly efficient and thermally stable nonlinear optical polymers for electro-optics,” Proc. SPIE 5351, 36-43 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Han, M. G.

G. H. Shim, M. G. Han, J. C. Sharp-Norton, S. E. Creager, and S. H. Foulger, “Inkjet-printed electrochromic devices utilizing polyaniline--silica and poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)--silica colloidal composite particles,” J. Mater. Chem. 18, 594-601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hau, S.

H. Sun, A. Pyajt, J. Luo, Z. Shi, S. Hau, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and A. Chen, “All-dielectric electrooptic sensor based on a polymer microresonator coupled side-polished optical fiber, IEEE Sens. J. 7, 515-524 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hawkins, A. R.

T. L. Lowder, K. H. Smith, B. L. Ipson, A. R. Hawkins, R. H. Selfridge, and S. M. Schultz, “High-temperature sensing using surface relief fiber bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1926-1928 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ipson, B. L.

T. L. Lowder, K. H. Smith, B. L. Ipson, A. R. Hawkins, R. H. Selfridge, and S. M. Schultz, “High-temperature sensing using surface relief fiber bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1926-1928 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Markos, B. L. Ipson, K. H. Smith, S. M. Schultz, R. H. Selfridge, T. D. Monte, R. B. Dyott, and G. Miller, “Controlled core removal from a D-shaped optical fiber,” Appl. Opt. 42, 7121-7125 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jabbour, G. E.

Y. Yoshioka and G. E. Jabbour, “Desktop inkjet printer as a tool to print conducting polymers,” Synth. Met. 156, 779-783(2006).
[CrossRef]

Jang, S.-H.

J. Luo, S. L, M. A. Haller, J.-W. Kang, T.-D. Kim, S.-H. Jang, B. Chen, N. Tucker, H. Li, H.-Z. Tang, L. R. Dalton, Y. Liao, B. H. Robinson, and A. K. Jen, “Recent progress in developing highly efficient and thermally stable nonlinear optical polymers for electro-optics,” Proc. SPIE 5351, 36-43 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jen, A. K.

J. Luo, S. L, M. A. Haller, J.-W. Kang, T.-D. Kim, S.-H. Jang, B. Chen, N. Tucker, H. Li, H.-Z. Tang, L. R. Dalton, Y. Liao, B. H. Robinson, and A. K. Jen, “Recent progress in developing highly efficient and thermally stable nonlinear optical polymers for electro-optics,” Proc. SPIE 5351, 36-43 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jen, A. K.-Y.

H. Sun, A. Pyajt, J. Luo, Z. Shi, S. Hau, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and A. Chen, “All-dielectric electrooptic sensor based on a polymer microresonator coupled side-polished optical fiber, IEEE Sens. J. 7, 515-524 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Michalak, K. Ying-Hao, F. D. Nash, A. Szep, J. R. Caffey, P. M. Payson, F. Haas, B. F. McKeon, P. R. Cook, G. A. Brost, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and W. H. Steier, “High-speed AJL8/APC polymer modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1207-1209 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, E. K.

Kang, J.-W.

J. Luo, S. L, M. A. Haller, J.-W. Kang, T.-D. Kim, S.-H. Jang, B. Chen, N. Tucker, H. Li, H.-Z. Tang, L. R. Dalton, Y. Liao, B. H. Robinson, and A. K. Jen, “Recent progress in developing highly efficient and thermally stable nonlinear optical polymers for electro-optics,” Proc. SPIE 5351, 36-43 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Katehi, L. P. B.

R. M. Reano, K. Yang, J. F. Whitaker, and L. P. B. Katehi, “Simultaneous measurements of electric and thermal fields utilizing an electrooptic semiconductor probe,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 2523-2531 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kim, T.-D.

J. Luo, S. L, M. A. Haller, J.-W. Kang, T.-D. Kim, S.-H. Jang, B. Chen, N. Tucker, H. Li, H.-Z. Tang, L. R. Dalton, Y. Liao, B. H. Robinson, and A. K. Jen, “Recent progress in developing highly efficient and thermally stable nonlinear optical polymers for electro-optics,” Proc. SPIE 5351, 36-43 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kolner, B. H.

B. H. Kolner and D. M. Bloom, “Electrooptic sampling in GaAs integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 79-93(1986).
[CrossRef]

Kvavle, J. M.

L, S.

J. Luo, S. L, M. A. Haller, J.-W. Kang, T.-D. Kim, S.-H. Jang, B. Chen, N. Tucker, H. Li, H.-Z. Tang, L. R. Dalton, Y. Liao, B. H. Robinson, and A. K. Jen, “Recent progress in developing highly efficient and thermally stable nonlinear optical polymers for electro-optics,” Proc. SPIE 5351, 36-43 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

J. Luo, S. L, M. A. Haller, J.-W. Kang, T.-D. Kim, S.-H. Jang, B. Chen, N. Tucker, H. Li, H.-Z. Tang, L. R. Dalton, Y. Liao, B. H. Robinson, and A. K. Jen, “Recent progress in developing highly efficient and thermally stable nonlinear optical polymers for electro-optics,” Proc. SPIE 5351, 36-43 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liao, Y.

J. Luo, S. L, M. A. Haller, J.-W. Kang, T.-D. Kim, S.-H. Jang, B. Chen, N. Tucker, H. Li, H.-Z. Tang, L. R. Dalton, Y. Liao, B. H. Robinson, and A. K. Jen, “Recent progress in developing highly efficient and thermally stable nonlinear optical polymers for electro-optics,” Proc. SPIE 5351, 36-43 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, K. Varahramyan, and T. Cui, “Low-voltage all-polymer field-effect transistor fabricated using an inkjet printing technique,” Macromol. Rapid Commun. 26, 1955-1959 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lowder, T. L.

T. L. Lowder, J. D. Gordon, S. M. Schultz, and R. H. Selfridge, “Volatile organic compound sensing using a surface relief D-shaped fiber Bragg grating and a polydimethylsiloxane layer,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2523-2525 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. H. Selfridge, S. M. Schultz, T. L. Lowder, V. P. Wnuk, A. Mendez, S. Ferguson, and T. Graver, “Packaging of surface relief fiber Bragg gratings for use as strain sensors at high temperature,” Proc. SPIE 6167, 616702 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. L. Lowder, K. H. Smith, B. L. Ipson, A. R. Hawkins, R. H. Selfridge, and S. M. Schultz, “High-temperature sensing using surface relief fiber bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1926-1928 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Luo, J.

H. Sun, A. Pyajt, J. Luo, Z. Shi, S. Hau, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and A. Chen, “All-dielectric electrooptic sensor based on a polymer microresonator coupled side-polished optical fiber, IEEE Sens. J. 7, 515-524 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Michalak, K. Ying-Hao, F. D. Nash, A. Szep, J. R. Caffey, P. M. Payson, F. Haas, B. F. McKeon, P. R. Cook, G. A. Brost, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and W. H. Steier, “High-speed AJL8/APC polymer modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1207-1209 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Luo, S. L, M. A. Haller, J.-W. Kang, T.-D. Kim, S.-H. Jang, B. Chen, N. Tucker, H. Li, H.-Z. Tang, L. R. Dalton, Y. Liao, B. H. Robinson, and A. K. Jen, “Recent progress in developing highly efficient and thermally stable nonlinear optical polymers for electro-optics,” Proc. SPIE 5351, 36-43 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mabrook, M. F.

M. F. Mabrook, C. Pearson, and M. C. Petty, “Inkjet-printed polypyrrole thin films for vapour sensing,” Sens. Actuators B 115, 547-551 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Mabrook, C. Pearson, and M. C. Petty, “An inkjet-printed chemical fuse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 013507 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Markos, D. J.

McKeon, B. F.

R. J. Michalak, K. Ying-Hao, F. D. Nash, A. Szep, J. R. Caffey, P. M. Payson, F. Haas, B. F. McKeon, P. R. Cook, G. A. Brost, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and W. H. Steier, “High-speed AJL8/APC polymer modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1207-1209 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mendez, A.

R. H. Selfridge, S. M. Schultz, T. L. Lowder, V. P. Wnuk, A. Mendez, S. Ferguson, and T. Graver, “Packaging of surface relief fiber Bragg gratings for use as strain sensors at high temperature,” Proc. SPIE 6167, 616702 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Michalak, R. J.

R. J. Michalak, K. Ying-Hao, F. D. Nash, A. Szep, J. R. Caffey, P. M. Payson, F. Haas, B. F. McKeon, P. R. Cook, G. A. Brost, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and W. H. Steier, “High-speed AJL8/APC polymer modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1207-1209 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Miller, G.

Miyazawa, S.

M. Shinagawa, T. Nagatsuma, and S. Miyazawa, “Sensitivity improvement of an electro-optic high-impedance probe,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 47, 235-239 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Monte, T. D.

Nagatsuma, T.

M. Shinagawa, T. Nagatsuma, and S. Miyazawa, “Sensitivity improvement of an electro-optic high-impedance probe,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 47, 235-239 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nash, F. D.

R. J. Michalak, K. Ying-Hao, F. D. Nash, A. Szep, J. R. Caffey, P. M. Payson, F. Haas, B. F. McKeon, P. R. Cook, G. A. Brost, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and W. H. Steier, “High-speed AJL8/APC polymer modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1207-1209 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Payson, P. M.

R. J. Michalak, K. Ying-Hao, F. D. Nash, A. Szep, J. R. Caffey, P. M. Payson, F. Haas, B. F. McKeon, P. R. Cook, G. A. Brost, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and W. H. Steier, “High-speed AJL8/APC polymer modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1207-1209 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pearson, C.

M. F. Mabrook, C. Pearson, and M. C. Petty, “Inkjet-printed polypyrrole thin films for vapour sensing,” Sens. Actuators B 115, 547-551 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Mabrook, C. Pearson, and M. C. Petty, “An inkjet-printed chemical fuse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 013507 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Petty, M. C.

M. F. Mabrook, C. Pearson, and M. C. Petty, “Inkjet-printed polypyrrole thin films for vapour sensing,” Sens. Actuators B 115, 547-551 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Mabrook, C. Pearson, and M. C. Petty, “An inkjet-printed chemical fuse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 013507 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pham, N. P.

N. P. Pham, J. N. Burghartz, and P. M. Sarro, “Spray coating of photoresist for pattern transfer on high topography surfaces,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 15, 691-697 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pyajt, A.

H. Sun, A. Pyajt, J. Luo, Z. Shi, S. Hau, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and A. Chen, “All-dielectric electrooptic sensor based on a polymer microresonator coupled side-polished optical fiber, IEEE Sens. J. 7, 515-524 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Reano, R. M.

R. M. Reano, K. Yang, J. F. Whitaker, and L. P. B. Katehi, “Simultaneous measurements of electric and thermal fields utilizing an electrooptic semiconductor probe,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 2523-2531 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Robinson, B. H.

J. Luo, S. L, M. A. Haller, J.-W. Kang, T.-D. Kim, S.-H. Jang, B. Chen, N. Tucker, H. Li, H.-Z. Tang, L. R. Dalton, Y. Liao, B. H. Robinson, and A. K. Jen, “Recent progress in developing highly efficient and thermally stable nonlinear optical polymers for electro-optics,” Proc. SPIE 5351, 36-43 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sarro, P. M.

N. P. Pham, J. N. Burghartz, and P. M. Sarro, “Spray coating of photoresist for pattern transfer on high topography surfaces,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 15, 691-697 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schubert, U. S.

B.-J. de Gans, P. C. Duineveld, and U. S. Schubert, “Inkjet printing of polymers: state of the art and future developments,” Adv. Mater. 16, 203-213 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schultz, S.

R. Gibson, R. Selfridge, S. Schultz, W. Wang, and R. Forber, “Electro-optic sensor from high Q resonance between optical D-fiber and slab waveguide,” Appl. Opt. 47, 2234-2240 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Forber, W. C. Wang, D.-Y. Zang, S. Schultz, and R. Selfridge, “Dielectric EM field probes for HPM test & evaluation,” presented at the 2006 Annual ITEA Technology Review, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 7-10 August 2006.

Schultz, S. M.

Selfridge, R.

R. Gibson, R. Selfridge, S. Schultz, W. Wang, and R. Forber, “Electro-optic sensor from high Q resonance between optical D-fiber and slab waveguide,” Appl. Opt. 47, 2234-2240 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Forber, W. C. Wang, D.-Y. Zang, S. Schultz, and R. Selfridge, “Dielectric EM field probes for HPM test & evaluation,” presented at the 2006 Annual ITEA Technology Review, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 7-10 August 2006.

Selfridge, R. H.

Sharp-Norton, J. C.

G. H. Shim, M. G. Han, J. C. Sharp-Norton, S. E. Creager, and S. H. Foulger, “Inkjet-printed electrochromic devices utilizing polyaniline--silica and poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)--silica colloidal composite particles,” J. Mater. Chem. 18, 594-601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shi, Z.

H. Sun, A. Pyajt, J. Luo, Z. Shi, S. Hau, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and A. Chen, “All-dielectric electrooptic sensor based on a polymer microresonator coupled side-polished optical fiber, IEEE Sens. J. 7, 515-524 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shim, G. H.

G. H. Shim, M. G. Han, J. C. Sharp-Norton, S. E. Creager, and S. H. Foulger, “Inkjet-printed electrochromic devices utilizing polyaniline--silica and poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)--silica colloidal composite particles,” J. Mater. Chem. 18, 594-601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shinagawa, M.

M. Shinagawa, T. Nagatsuma, and S. Miyazawa, “Sensitivity improvement of an electro-optic high-impedance probe,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 47, 235-239 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Smith, K. H.

T. L. Lowder, K. H. Smith, B. L. Ipson, A. R. Hawkins, R. H. Selfridge, and S. M. Schultz, “High-temperature sensing using surface relief fiber bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1926-1928 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Markos, B. L. Ipson, K. H. Smith, S. M. Schultz, R. H. Selfridge, T. D. Monte, R. B. Dyott, and G. Miller, “Controlled core removal from a D-shaped optical fiber,” Appl. Opt. 42, 7121-7125 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Steier, W. H.

R. J. Michalak, K. Ying-Hao, F. D. Nash, A. Szep, J. R. Caffey, P. M. Payson, F. Haas, B. F. McKeon, P. R. Cook, G. A. Brost, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and W. H. Steier, “High-speed AJL8/APC polymer modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1207-1209 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sun, H.

H. Sun, A. Pyajt, J. Luo, Z. Shi, S. Hau, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and A. Chen, “All-dielectric electrooptic sensor based on a polymer microresonator coupled side-polished optical fiber, IEEE Sens. J. 7, 515-524 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Szep, A.

R. J. Michalak, K. Ying-Hao, F. D. Nash, A. Szep, J. R. Caffey, P. M. Payson, F. Haas, B. F. McKeon, P. R. Cook, G. A. Brost, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and W. H. Steier, “High-speed AJL8/APC polymer modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1207-1209 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tang, H.-Z.

J. Luo, S. L, M. A. Haller, J.-W. Kang, T.-D. Kim, S.-H. Jang, B. Chen, N. Tucker, H. Li, H.-Z. Tang, L. R. Dalton, Y. Liao, B. H. Robinson, and A. K. Jen, “Recent progress in developing highly efficient and thermally stable nonlinear optical polymers for electro-optics,” Proc. SPIE 5351, 36-43 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tekin, E.

E. Tekin, “Thin film libraries of functional polymers and materials prepared by inkjet printing,” Ph.D. dissertation (Eindhoven University, 2007).

Tucker, N.

J. Luo, S. L, M. A. Haller, J.-W. Kang, T.-D. Kim, S.-H. Jang, B. Chen, N. Tucker, H. Li, H.-Z. Tang, L. R. Dalton, Y. Liao, B. H. Robinson, and A. K. Jen, “Recent progress in developing highly efficient and thermally stable nonlinear optical polymers for electro-optics,” Proc. SPIE 5351, 36-43 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Varahramyan, K.

Y. Liu, K. Varahramyan, and T. Cui, “Low-voltage all-polymer field-effect transistor fabricated using an inkjet printing technique,” Macromol. Rapid Commun. 26, 1955-1959 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W.

Wang, W. C.

R. Forber, W. C. Wang, D.-Y. Zang, S. Schultz, and R. Selfridge, “Dielectric EM field probes for HPM test & evaluation,” presented at the 2006 Annual ITEA Technology Review, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 7-10 August 2006.

Whitaker, J. F.

R. M. Reano, K. Yang, J. F. Whitaker, and L. P. B. Katehi, “Simultaneous measurements of electric and thermal fields utilizing an electrooptic semiconductor probe,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 2523-2531 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wnuk, V. P.

R. H. Selfridge, S. M. Schultz, T. L. Lowder, V. P. Wnuk, A. Mendez, S. Ferguson, and T. Graver, “Packaging of surface relief fiber Bragg gratings for use as strain sensors at high temperature,” Proc. SPIE 6167, 616702 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xia, Y.

Y. Xia and R. H. Friend, “Polymer bilayer structure via inkjet printing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 163508 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xia and R. H. Friend, “Controlled phase separation of polyfluorene blends via inkjet printing,” Macromolecules 38, 6466-6471 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yang, K.

R. M. Reano, K. Yang, J. F. Whitaker, and L. P. B. Katehi, “Simultaneous measurements of electric and thermal fields utilizing an electrooptic semiconductor probe,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 2523-2531 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ying-Hao, K.

R. J. Michalak, K. Ying-Hao, F. D. Nash, A. Szep, J. R. Caffey, P. M. Payson, F. Haas, B. F. McKeon, P. R. Cook, G. A. Brost, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and W. H. Steier, “High-speed AJL8/APC polymer modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1207-1209 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yoshioka, Y.

Y. Yoshioka and G. E. Jabbour, “Desktop inkjet printer as a tool to print conducting polymers,” Synth. Met. 156, 779-783(2006).
[CrossRef]

Zang, D. Y.

Zang, D.-Y.

R. Forber, W. C. Wang, D.-Y. Zang, S. Schultz, and R. Selfridge, “Dielectric EM field probes for HPM test & evaluation,” presented at the 2006 Annual ITEA Technology Review, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 7-10 August 2006.

Adv. Mater. (1)

B.-J. de Gans, P. C. Duineveld, and U. S. Schubert, “Inkjet printing of polymers: state of the art and future developments,” Adv. Mater. 16, 203-213 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

M. F. Mabrook, C. Pearson, and M. C. Petty, “An inkjet-printed chemical fuse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 013507 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xia and R. H. Friend, “Polymer bilayer structure via inkjet printing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 163508 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater. (1)

P. Calvert, “Inkjet printing for materials and devices,” Chem. Mater. 13, 3299-3305 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

B. H. Kolner and D. M. Bloom, “Electrooptic sampling in GaAs integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 79-93(1986).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

T. L. Lowder, K. H. Smith, B. L. Ipson, A. R. Hawkins, R. H. Selfridge, and S. M. Schultz, “High-temperature sensing using surface relief fiber bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1926-1928 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Michalak, K. Ying-Hao, F. D. Nash, A. Szep, J. R. Caffey, P. M. Payson, F. Haas, B. F. McKeon, P. R. Cook, G. A. Brost, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and W. H. Steier, “High-speed AJL8/APC polymer modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1207-1209 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Sens. J. (1)

H. Sun, A. Pyajt, J. Luo, Z. Shi, S. Hau, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and A. Chen, “All-dielectric electrooptic sensor based on a polymer microresonator coupled side-polished optical fiber, IEEE Sens. J. 7, 515-524 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (1)

M. Shinagawa, T. Nagatsuma, and S. Miyazawa, “Sensitivity improvement of an electro-optic high-impedance probe,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 47, 235-239 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

R. M. Reano, K. Yang, J. F. Whitaker, and L. P. B. Katehi, “Simultaneous measurements of electric and thermal fields utilizing an electrooptic semiconductor probe,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 2523-2531 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

G. H. Shim, M. G. Han, J. C. Sharp-Norton, S. E. Creager, and S. H. Foulger, “Inkjet-printed electrochromic devices utilizing polyaniline--silica and poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)--silica colloidal composite particles,” J. Mater. Chem. 18, 594-601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Micromech. Microeng. (1)

N. P. Pham, J. N. Burghartz, and P. M. Sarro, “Spray coating of photoresist for pattern transfer on high topography surfaces,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 15, 691-697 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Macromol. Rapid Commun. (1)

Y. Liu, K. Varahramyan, and T. Cui, “Low-voltage all-polymer field-effect transistor fabricated using an inkjet printing technique,” Macromol. Rapid Commun. 26, 1955-1959 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Macromolecules (1)

Y. Xia and R. H. Friend, “Controlled phase separation of polyfluorene blends via inkjet printing,” Macromolecules 38, 6466-6471 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (2)

R. H. Selfridge, S. M. Schultz, T. L. Lowder, V. P. Wnuk, A. Mendez, S. Ferguson, and T. Graver, “Packaging of surface relief fiber Bragg gratings for use as strain sensors at high temperature,” Proc. SPIE 6167, 616702 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Luo, S. L, M. A. Haller, J.-W. Kang, T.-D. Kim, S.-H. Jang, B. Chen, N. Tucker, H. Li, H.-Z. Tang, L. R. Dalton, Y. Liao, B. H. Robinson, and A. K. Jen, “Recent progress in developing highly efficient and thermally stable nonlinear optical polymers for electro-optics,” Proc. SPIE 5351, 36-43 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators B (1)

M. F. Mabrook, C. Pearson, and M. C. Petty, “Inkjet-printed polypyrrole thin films for vapour sensing,” Sens. Actuators B 115, 547-551 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Synth. Met. (1)

Y. Yoshioka and G. E. Jabbour, “Desktop inkjet printer as a tool to print conducting polymers,” Synth. Met. 156, 779-783(2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

E. Tekin, “Thin film libraries of functional polymers and materials prepared by inkjet printing,” Ph.D. dissertation (Eindhoven University, 2007).

“Jettable fluid formulation guidelines,” http://www.dimatix.com/files/Dimatix-Materials-Printer-Jettable-Fluid-Formulation-Guidelines.pdf

R. Forber, W. C. Wang, D.-Y. Zang, S. Schultz, and R. Selfridge, “Dielectric EM field probes for HPM test & evaluation,” presented at the 2006 Annual ITEA Technology Review, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 7-10 August 2006.

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

D fiber that consists of a germania-doped core surrounded by a fluorine-doped depressed cladding and an undoped super cladding. The core of the D fiber is located 16 μm below the flat of the D.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Cross-sectional SEM image of a partially etched D fiber.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Plot of the voltage waveform that creates the acoustic wave for ink-jetting. The phases of ink-jetting with a piezoelectric valve are illustrated. The white arrows indicate the flow of material due to the pressure change. (a) The valve is in the standby state, (b) the valve opens allowing more fluid into the reservoir, (c) the valve closes slightly to create a drop at the nozzle, (d) the valve returns to the standby state, causing the drop to eject cleanly.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Sequence of side view images of the drop formation for 5 and 2 wt. % AJL8/APC solutions. As time progresses the 5 wt. % solution drop begins to form, but at t 4 begins to retract. The 2 wt. % solution drop forms and at t 4 the viscous thread is broken and the drop is fully formed.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

SEM cross-sectional images of the fibers with AJL8/APC polymer printed with drop spacings of (a)  30 μm , (b)  20 μm , and (c)  15 μm .

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

In situ monitoring of power transmission for multiple layers with a drop size of 40 μm .

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

SEM cross-sectional images of (a) spin coated fiber and (b) ink-jetted fiber.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

SEM cross-sectional image of an etched D fiber with an AJL8/APC polymer coating.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Extended Mach–Zehnder interferometer testing setup for the AC testing of in-fiber electric field sensors. Modulator bias control (MBC) is performed by tapping 5% of the optical power while 95% is output to the photodetector (PD). The sensor is tested by placing it in a waveguide that is excited by a 6 GHz RF source.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

FFT response of an ink-jetted D-fiber electric field sensor with a 6 GHz signal applied that had an amplitude of 2.8 k V / m .

Tables (4)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Jetting Waveform

Tables Icon

Table 2 Drop Spacing Results

Tables Icon

Table 3 Ink Jetting Versus Spin Casting

Tables Icon

Table 4 Cleaning Cycle Parameters

Metrics