Abstract

Noncontact methods of distance measurements to a moving surface using laser light are relevant for many industrial applications, such as surface profile and position monitoring, thickness measurements, and wear estimation. Application of existing methods (e.g., triangulation) is limited especially for nonhomogeneous, semitransparent and rough materials (paper, wood, plastic). The task is even more challenging for fast moving objects. We present a novel online method of distance sensing to semitransparent and multiscattering surfaces (papers, woods, polymers) based on spatial filtering of dynamic speckles. We validated a proposed method at the speed of the test surface as high as 35m/s.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. Nadeau, L. Pouliot, F. Nadeau, J. Blain, S. A. Berube, C. Moreu, and M. Lamotagne, “A new approach to online thickness measurements of thermal spray coatings,” in Proceedings of the 2006 International Thermal Spray Conference (ASM International, 2006).
  2. Ø. Hjelle and M. Dæhlen, Triangulations and Applications (Springer,1989).
  3. F. Kuang-Chao, C. Chih-Liang, and M. Jong, “Development of a low-cost autofocusing probe for profile measurement,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 2137-2146 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Nuyan, J. Græffe, and H. Moisio, “Recent advances in online caliper measurement,” Pulp Paper Canada 108, 38-43 (2007).
  5. I. Yamaguchi and S. Komatsu, “Theory and applications of dynamic laser speckles due to in-plane object motion,” Opt. Acta 24, 705-724 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Yoshimura, “Statistical properties of dynamic speckles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 1032-1054 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. V. Semenov, E. Nippolainen, A. A. Kamshilin, A. V. Belyaev, S. V. Andreev, and B. S. Gurevich, “An ultra-fast distance sensor based on dynamic speckles generated by acousto-optic deflection,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 2906-2912 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. V. Semenov, S. V. Miridonov, E. Nippolainen, and A. A. Kamshilin, “Statistical properties of dynamic speckles formed by a deflecting laser beam,” Opt. Express 16, 1238-1249 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. A. Kamshilin, D. V. Semenov, E. Nippolainen, and S. V. Miridonov, “Dynamic-speckle profilometer for online measurements of coating thickness,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 85, 012021 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Aizu and T. Asakura, Spatial Filtering Velocimetry: Fundamentals and Applications (Springer, 2006).
  11. A. A. Kamshilin, S. V. Miridonov, I. S. Sidorov, D. V. Semenov, and E. Nippolainen, “Statistics of dynamic speckles in application to distance measurements,” Opt. Rev. 16, 160-166(2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. V. Semenov, E. Nippolainen, and A. A. Kamshilin, “Fast distance measurements using dynamic speckles,” Opt. Lett. 30, 248-250 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

A. A. Kamshilin, S. V. Miridonov, I. S. Sidorov, D. V. Semenov, and E. Nippolainen, “Statistics of dynamic speckles in application to distance measurements,” Opt. Rev. 16, 160-166(2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

A. A. Kamshilin, D. V. Semenov, E. Nippolainen, and S. V. Miridonov, “Dynamic-speckle profilometer for online measurements of coating thickness,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 85, 012021 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Nuyan, J. Græffe, and H. Moisio, “Recent advances in online caliper measurement,” Pulp Paper Canada 108, 38-43 (2007).

2006 (1)

D. V. Semenov, E. Nippolainen, A. A. Kamshilin, A. V. Belyaev, S. V. Andreev, and B. S. Gurevich, “An ultra-fast distance sensor based on dynamic speckles generated by acousto-optic deflection,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 2906-2912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2001 (1)

F. Kuang-Chao, C. Chih-Liang, and M. Jong, “Development of a low-cost autofocusing probe for profile measurement,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 2137-2146 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

1977 (1)

I. Yamaguchi and S. Komatsu, “Theory and applications of dynamic laser speckles due to in-plane object motion,” Opt. Acta 24, 705-724 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Aizu, Y.

Y. Aizu and T. Asakura, Spatial Filtering Velocimetry: Fundamentals and Applications (Springer, 2006).

Andreev, S. V.

D. V. Semenov, E. Nippolainen, A. A. Kamshilin, A. V. Belyaev, S. V. Andreev, and B. S. Gurevich, “An ultra-fast distance sensor based on dynamic speckles generated by acousto-optic deflection,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 2906-2912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Asakura, T.

Y. Aizu and T. Asakura, Spatial Filtering Velocimetry: Fundamentals and Applications (Springer, 2006).

Belyaev, A. V.

D. V. Semenov, E. Nippolainen, A. A. Kamshilin, A. V. Belyaev, S. V. Andreev, and B. S. Gurevich, “An ultra-fast distance sensor based on dynamic speckles generated by acousto-optic deflection,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 2906-2912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Berube, S. A.

A. Nadeau, L. Pouliot, F. Nadeau, J. Blain, S. A. Berube, C. Moreu, and M. Lamotagne, “A new approach to online thickness measurements of thermal spray coatings,” in Proceedings of the 2006 International Thermal Spray Conference (ASM International, 2006).

Blain, J.

A. Nadeau, L. Pouliot, F. Nadeau, J. Blain, S. A. Berube, C. Moreu, and M. Lamotagne, “A new approach to online thickness measurements of thermal spray coatings,” in Proceedings of the 2006 International Thermal Spray Conference (ASM International, 2006).

Chih-Liang, C.

F. Kuang-Chao, C. Chih-Liang, and M. Jong, “Development of a low-cost autofocusing probe for profile measurement,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 2137-2146 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dæhlen, M.

Ø. Hjelle and M. Dæhlen, Triangulations and Applications (Springer,1989).

Græffe, J.

S. Nuyan, J. Græffe, and H. Moisio, “Recent advances in online caliper measurement,” Pulp Paper Canada 108, 38-43 (2007).

Gurevich, B. S.

D. V. Semenov, E. Nippolainen, A. A. Kamshilin, A. V. Belyaev, S. V. Andreev, and B. S. Gurevich, “An ultra-fast distance sensor based on dynamic speckles generated by acousto-optic deflection,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 2906-2912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hjelle, Ø.

Ø. Hjelle and M. Dæhlen, Triangulations and Applications (Springer,1989).

Jong, M.

F. Kuang-Chao, C. Chih-Liang, and M. Jong, “Development of a low-cost autofocusing probe for profile measurement,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 2137-2146 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kamshilin, A. A.

A. A. Kamshilin, S. V. Miridonov, I. S. Sidorov, D. V. Semenov, and E. Nippolainen, “Statistics of dynamic speckles in application to distance measurements,” Opt. Rev. 16, 160-166(2009).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Semenov, S. V. Miridonov, E. Nippolainen, and A. A. Kamshilin, “Statistical properties of dynamic speckles formed by a deflecting laser beam,” Opt. Express 16, 1238-1249 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Kamshilin, D. V. Semenov, E. Nippolainen, and S. V. Miridonov, “Dynamic-speckle profilometer for online measurements of coating thickness,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 85, 012021 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Semenov, E. Nippolainen, A. A. Kamshilin, A. V. Belyaev, S. V. Andreev, and B. S. Gurevich, “An ultra-fast distance sensor based on dynamic speckles generated by acousto-optic deflection,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 2906-2912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Semenov, E. Nippolainen, and A. A. Kamshilin, “Fast distance measurements using dynamic speckles,” Opt. Lett. 30, 248-250 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Komatsu, S.

I. Yamaguchi and S. Komatsu, “Theory and applications of dynamic laser speckles due to in-plane object motion,” Opt. Acta 24, 705-724 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Kuang-Chao, F.

F. Kuang-Chao, C. Chih-Liang, and M. Jong, “Development of a low-cost autofocusing probe for profile measurement,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 2137-2146 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lamotagne, M.

A. Nadeau, L. Pouliot, F. Nadeau, J. Blain, S. A. Berube, C. Moreu, and M. Lamotagne, “A new approach to online thickness measurements of thermal spray coatings,” in Proceedings of the 2006 International Thermal Spray Conference (ASM International, 2006).

Miridonov, S. V.

A. A. Kamshilin, S. V. Miridonov, I. S. Sidorov, D. V. Semenov, and E. Nippolainen, “Statistics of dynamic speckles in application to distance measurements,” Opt. Rev. 16, 160-166(2009).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Semenov, S. V. Miridonov, E. Nippolainen, and A. A. Kamshilin, “Statistical properties of dynamic speckles formed by a deflecting laser beam,” Opt. Express 16, 1238-1249 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Kamshilin, D. V. Semenov, E. Nippolainen, and S. V. Miridonov, “Dynamic-speckle profilometer for online measurements of coating thickness,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 85, 012021 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Moisio, H.

S. Nuyan, J. Græffe, and H. Moisio, “Recent advances in online caliper measurement,” Pulp Paper Canada 108, 38-43 (2007).

Moreu, C.

A. Nadeau, L. Pouliot, F. Nadeau, J. Blain, S. A. Berube, C. Moreu, and M. Lamotagne, “A new approach to online thickness measurements of thermal spray coatings,” in Proceedings of the 2006 International Thermal Spray Conference (ASM International, 2006).

Nadeau, A.

A. Nadeau, L. Pouliot, F. Nadeau, J. Blain, S. A. Berube, C. Moreu, and M. Lamotagne, “A new approach to online thickness measurements of thermal spray coatings,” in Proceedings of the 2006 International Thermal Spray Conference (ASM International, 2006).

Nadeau, F.

A. Nadeau, L. Pouliot, F. Nadeau, J. Blain, S. A. Berube, C. Moreu, and M. Lamotagne, “A new approach to online thickness measurements of thermal spray coatings,” in Proceedings of the 2006 International Thermal Spray Conference (ASM International, 2006).

Nippolainen, E.

A. A. Kamshilin, S. V. Miridonov, I. S. Sidorov, D. V. Semenov, and E. Nippolainen, “Statistics of dynamic speckles in application to distance measurements,” Opt. Rev. 16, 160-166(2009).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Semenov, S. V. Miridonov, E. Nippolainen, and A. A. Kamshilin, “Statistical properties of dynamic speckles formed by a deflecting laser beam,” Opt. Express 16, 1238-1249 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Kamshilin, D. V. Semenov, E. Nippolainen, and S. V. Miridonov, “Dynamic-speckle profilometer for online measurements of coating thickness,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 85, 012021 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Semenov, E. Nippolainen, A. A. Kamshilin, A. V. Belyaev, S. V. Andreev, and B. S. Gurevich, “An ultra-fast distance sensor based on dynamic speckles generated by acousto-optic deflection,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 2906-2912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Semenov, E. Nippolainen, and A. A. Kamshilin, “Fast distance measurements using dynamic speckles,” Opt. Lett. 30, 248-250 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nuyan, S.

S. Nuyan, J. Græffe, and H. Moisio, “Recent advances in online caliper measurement,” Pulp Paper Canada 108, 38-43 (2007).

Pouliot, L.

A. Nadeau, L. Pouliot, F. Nadeau, J. Blain, S. A. Berube, C. Moreu, and M. Lamotagne, “A new approach to online thickness measurements of thermal spray coatings,” in Proceedings of the 2006 International Thermal Spray Conference (ASM International, 2006).

Semenov, D. V.

A. A. Kamshilin, S. V. Miridonov, I. S. Sidorov, D. V. Semenov, and E. Nippolainen, “Statistics of dynamic speckles in application to distance measurements,” Opt. Rev. 16, 160-166(2009).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Semenov, S. V. Miridonov, E. Nippolainen, and A. A. Kamshilin, “Statistical properties of dynamic speckles formed by a deflecting laser beam,” Opt. Express 16, 1238-1249 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Kamshilin, D. V. Semenov, E. Nippolainen, and S. V. Miridonov, “Dynamic-speckle profilometer for online measurements of coating thickness,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 85, 012021 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Semenov, E. Nippolainen, A. A. Kamshilin, A. V. Belyaev, S. V. Andreev, and B. S. Gurevich, “An ultra-fast distance sensor based on dynamic speckles generated by acousto-optic deflection,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 2906-2912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Semenov, E. Nippolainen, and A. A. Kamshilin, “Fast distance measurements using dynamic speckles,” Opt. Lett. 30, 248-250 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sidorov, I. S.

A. A. Kamshilin, S. V. Miridonov, I. S. Sidorov, D. V. Semenov, and E. Nippolainen, “Statistics of dynamic speckles in application to distance measurements,” Opt. Rev. 16, 160-166(2009).
[CrossRef]

Yamaguchi, I.

I. Yamaguchi and S. Komatsu, “Theory and applications of dynamic laser speckles due to in-plane object motion,” Opt. Acta 24, 705-724 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Yoshimura, T.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Phys. Conf. Ser. (1)

A. A. Kamshilin, D. V. Semenov, E. Nippolainen, and S. V. Miridonov, “Dynamic-speckle profilometer for online measurements of coating thickness,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 85, 012021 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (2)

F. Kuang-Chao, C. Chih-Liang, and M. Jong, “Development of a low-cost autofocusing probe for profile measurement,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 2137-2146 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Semenov, E. Nippolainen, A. A. Kamshilin, A. V. Belyaev, S. V. Andreev, and B. S. Gurevich, “An ultra-fast distance sensor based on dynamic speckles generated by acousto-optic deflection,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 2906-2912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Acta (1)

I. Yamaguchi and S. Komatsu, “Theory and applications of dynamic laser speckles due to in-plane object motion,” Opt. Acta 24, 705-724 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Rev. (1)

A. A. Kamshilin, S. V. Miridonov, I. S. Sidorov, D. V. Semenov, and E. Nippolainen, “Statistics of dynamic speckles in application to distance measurements,” Opt. Rev. 16, 160-166(2009).
[CrossRef]

Pulp Paper Canada (1)

S. Nuyan, J. Græffe, and H. Moisio, “Recent advances in online caliper measurement,” Pulp Paper Canada 108, 38-43 (2007).

Other (3)

A. Nadeau, L. Pouliot, F. Nadeau, J. Blain, S. A. Berube, C. Moreu, and M. Lamotagne, “A new approach to online thickness measurements of thermal spray coatings,” in Proceedings of the 2006 International Thermal Spray Conference (ASM International, 2006).

Ø. Hjelle and M. Dæhlen, Triangulations and Applications (Springer,1989).

Y. Aizu and T. Asakura, Spatial Filtering Velocimetry: Fundamentals and Applications (Springer, 2006).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Principle arrangement of dynamic speckle distance sensor; (b), (c), (d) modulation of photodiode current obtained with wood, polyethylene, and sanitary tissue; (e) modulation obtained with office paper moving at the speed of 35 m / s . Estimation of correlation time, τ D , is shown with double arrow lines.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Comparison of theoretical and experimental dependence of modulation frequency on the z coordinate. Comparison of experimental dependence of modulation frequency on the z coordinate for metal and other materials tested in the experiment: (b) paper, (c) cartons and sanitary tissue, (d) wood (∥ and n indicate directions of scanning parallel and perpendicular to woody layers), (e) plastics and polyethylene, (f) rubber and apple skin.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

SNR estimated using FFT applied to photocurrent length of 10 20 μs : (a) polished and nonpolished wood, (b) office paper and sanitary tissue, and (c) polyethylene and glossy paper.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Sample of Plexiglas with thickness δ, where the back side is coated with a uniform thick layer of silver paint to form a diffuse surface, and the front side is coated with a coating of variable thickness; (b) the shift of FFT power spectrum obtained by scanning the front side of a sample ( δ = 2 mm ) at points of different coating thickness; (c) FFT power spectrum of Plexiglas with thickness of δ = 8 mm .

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

f SP ( z ) V BS Λ [ 1 + D 0 R w ( z ) ] V BS λ [ 1 + D 0 z ] ,
z ( f SP ) = D 0 · V BS ( f SP · Λ V BS ) .
f SP 1 ( z , δ , n ) = α · f SP A + β · f SP B , f SP 2 ( z , δ , n ) = α · f SP C + β · f SP D .

Metrics