Abstract

We investigate the properties of ring resonators that are supported by a two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguide. The proposed structure composed of a photonic crystal ring resonator (PCRR) with four scatters can really function as a wavelength division multiplexer. The significance of the design is that the output waveguide is perpendicular to the ring resonator. We numerically demonstrate that the proposed four-channel PCRR device with 3×3 inner dielectric rods can provide a transmission efficiency larger than 92%, a quality factor higher than 3800, and crosstalk of less than 32dB.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  42. A. Taflove, “Application of the finite-difference time-domain method to sinusoidal steady-state electromagnetic-penetration problems,” IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Comp. 22, 191-202(1980).

2009 (3)

2008 (5)

S. Y. Cho and R. Soref, “Interferometric microring-resonant 2×2 optical switches,” Opt. Express 16, 13304-13314 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Ogusu and K. Takayama, “Optical bistability in photonic crystal microrings with nonlinear dielectric materials,” Opt. Express 16, 14780-14791 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Djavid, A. Ghaffari, and M. S. Abrishamian, “Coupled-mode analysis of photonic crystal add-drop filters based on ring resonators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1829-1832 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Vlasov, W. M. J. Green, and F. Xia, “High-throughput silicon nanophotonic wavelength-insensitive switch for on-chip optical networks,” Nat. Photonics 2, 242-246 (2008).

K. Preston, P. Dong, B. Schmidt, and M. Lipson, “High-speed all-optical modulation using polycrystalline silicon microring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 151104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (10)

L. Y. Mario Desmond, C. S. Lim, and M. K. Chin, “Proposal for an ultranarrow passband using two coupled rings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1688-1690 (2007).

P. P. Yupapin and W. Suwancharoen, “Chaotic signal generation and cancellation using a micro ring resonator incorporating an optical add/drop multiplexer,” Opt. Commun. 280, 343-350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Kuo, C. F. Chang, M. H. Chen, S. Y. Chen, and Y. D. Wu, “A new approach of planar multi-channel wavelength division multiplexing system using asymmetric super-cell photonic crystal structures,” Opt. Express 15, 198-206 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Xu and M. Lipson, “All-optical logic based on silicon micro-ring resonators,” Opt. Express 15, 924-929 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Qiang, W. Zhou, and R. A. Soref, “Optical add-drop filters based on photonic crystal ring resonators,” Opt. Express 15, 1823-1831 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Xu, A. Densmore, P. Waldron, J. Lapointe, E. Post, A. Delage, S. Janz, P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, and B. Lamontagne, “High bandwidth SOI photonic wire ring resonators using MMI couplers,” Opt. Express 15, 3149-3155 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. T. Lee, T. W. Lu, C. M. Yu, and C. C. Tseng, “Photonic crystal circular-shaped microcavity and its uniform cavity-waveguide coupling property due to presence of whispering gallery mode,” Opt. Express 15, 9450-9457 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Jeong, N. Yamamoto, J. I. Sugisaka, M. Okano, and K. Komori, “GaAs-based two-dimensional photonic crystal slab ring resonator consisting of a directional coupler and bent waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1951-1959 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. D. Wu, K. W. Hsu, and T. T. Shih, “Thirty-two-channels dense-wavelength-division multiplexer based on cascade two-dimensional photonic crystals waveguide structure,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2075-2080 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Y. Chiu, T. W. Huang, Y. H. Wu, Y. J. Chan, C. H. Hou, H. T. Chien, and C. C. Chen, “A photonic crystal ring resonator formed by SOI nano-rods,” Opt. Express 15, 15500-15506(2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

2005 (4)

2004 (3)

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263-2265 (2004).

V. Dinesh Kumar, T. Srinivas, and A. Selvarajan, “Investigation of ring resonators in photonic crystal circuits,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 2, 199-206 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Barwicz, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rakich, M. R. Watts, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, “Microring-resonator-based add-drop filters in SiN: fabrication and analysis,” Opt. Express 12, 1437-1442 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

2002 (3)

S. H. Kim and J. S. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic crystal hexagonal waveguide ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2499-2501 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Boscolo, M. Midrio, and C. Someda, “Coupling and decoupling of electromagnetic waves in parallel 2-D photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 47-53(2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Kuchinsky, V. Y. Golyatin, A. Y. Kutikov, T. P. Pearsall, and D. Nedeljkovic, “Coupling between photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1349-1352 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

1999 (1)

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, “An eight-channel add-drop filter using vertically coupled microring resonators over a cross grid,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 691-693 (1999).

1990 (1)

K. M. Leung and Y. F. Liu, “Photon band structures: the plane-wave method,” Phys. Rev. B 41, 10188-10190 (1990).

1987 (2)

S. John, “Strong localization of phonics in certain disordered dielectric superlattices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486-2489(1987).
[CrossRef]

E. Yablonovitch, “Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics electronics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062(1987).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

A. Taflove, “Application of the finite-difference time-domain method to sinusoidal steady-state electromagnetic-penetration problems,” IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Comp. 22, 191-202(1980).

Abrishamian, M. S.

Absil, P. P.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263-2265 (2004).

Alija, A. R.

A. R. Alija, L. J. Martinez, P. A. Postigo, C. Seassal, and P. Viktorovitch, “Coupled cavity two dimensional photonic crystal waveguide ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101102(2006).
[CrossRef]

Baehr-Jones, T.

T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, C. Walker, E. Chan, D. Koshinz, W. Krug, and A. Scherer, “Analysis of the tuning sensitivity of silicon-on-insulator optical ring resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 4215-4221 (2005).

Baets, R.

Barwicz, T.

Bogaerts, W.

Boscolo, S.

S. Boscolo, M. Midrio, and C. Someda, “Coupling and decoupling of electromagnetic waves in parallel 2-D photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 47-53(2002).
[CrossRef]

Calhoun, L. C.

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L. C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P. T. Ho, “All-optical AND/NAND logic gates using semiconductor microresonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1422-1424 (2003).

Chan, E.

T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, C. Walker, E. Chan, D. Koshinz, W. Krug, and A. Scherer, “Analysis of the tuning sensitivity of silicon-on-insulator optical ring resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 4215-4221 (2005).

Chan, Y. J.

Chang, C. F.

Cheben, P.

Chen, C. C.

Chen, M. H.

Chen, S. Y.

Chien, H. T.

Chien, J. W.

Y. D. Wu, J. J. Lee, T. T. Shih, and J. W. Chien, “A high quality factor filter based on quasi-ring resonator design in two-dimensional photonic crystal,” in Asia Optical Fiber Communication and Optoelectronic Exposition and Conference (AOE), 2008 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper SuD2.

Chigrin, D. N.

Chin, M. K.

L. Y. Mario Desmond, C. S. Lim, and M. K. Chin, “Proposal for an ultranarrow passband using two coupled rings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1688-1690 (2007).

Chiu, W. Y.

Cho, S. Y.

Chu, S. T.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263-2265 (2004).

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, “An eight-channel add-drop filter using vertically coupled microring resonators over a cross grid,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 691-693 (1999).

Costa, R.

Delage, A.

Densmore, A.

Desmond, L. Y. Mario

L. Y. Mario Desmond, C. S. Lim, and M. K. Chin, “Proposal for an ultranarrow passband using two coupled rings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1688-1690 (2007).

Djavid, M.

Dong, P.

K. Preston, P. Dong, B. Schmidt, and M. Lipson, “High-speed all-optical modulation using polycrystalline silicon microring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 151104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dumon, P.

Gao, M.

Ghaffari, A.

Gill, D.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263-2265 (2004).

Golyatin, V. Y.

S. Kuchinsky, V. Y. Golyatin, A. Y. Kutikov, T. P. Pearsall, and D. Nedeljkovic, “Coupling between photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1349-1352 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Green, W. M. J.

Y. Vlasov, W. M. J. Green, and F. Xia, “High-throughput silicon nanophotonic wavelength-insensitive switch for on-chip optical networks,” Nat. Photonics 2, 242-246 (2008).

Grover, R.

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L. C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P. T. Ho, “All-optical AND/NAND logic gates using semiconductor microresonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1422-1424 (2003).

Haus, H. A.

Ho, P. T.

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L. C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P. T. Ho, “All-optical AND/NAND logic gates using semiconductor microresonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1422-1424 (2003).

Hochberg, M.

T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, C. Walker, E. Chan, D. Koshinz, W. Krug, and A. Scherer, “Analysis of the tuning sensitivity of silicon-on-insulator optical ring resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 4215-4221 (2005).

Hou, C. H.

Hryniewicz, J. V.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263-2265 (2004).

Hsu, K. W.

Hu, W.

Huang, T. W.

Ibrahim, T. A.

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L. C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P. T. Ho, “All-optical AND/NAND logic gates using semiconductor microresonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1422-1424 (2003).

Ippen, E. P.

Janz, S.

Jeong, S. H.

Jiang, C.

John, S.

S. John, “Strong localization of phonics in certain disordered dielectric superlattices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486-2489(1987).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, F. G.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263-2265 (2004).

Kanakaraju, S.

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L. C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P. T. Ho, “All-optical AND/NAND logic gates using semiconductor microresonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1422-1424 (2003).

Kaneko, T.

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, “An eight-channel add-drop filter using vertically coupled microring resonators over a cross grid,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 691-693 (1999).

Kim, J. S.

S. H. Kim and J. S. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic crystal hexagonal waveguide ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2499-2501 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. H.

S. H. Kim and J. S. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic crystal hexagonal waveguide ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2499-2501 (2002).
[CrossRef]

King, O.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263-2265 (2004).

Kokubun, Y.

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, “An eight-channel add-drop filter using vertically coupled microring resonators over a cross grid,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 691-693 (1999).

Komori, K.

Koshiba, M.

Koshinz, D.

T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, C. Walker, E. Chan, D. Koshinz, W. Krug, and A. Scherer, “Analysis of the tuning sensitivity of silicon-on-insulator optical ring resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 4215-4221 (2005).

Krug, W.

T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, C. Walker, E. Chan, D. Koshinz, W. Krug, and A. Scherer, “Analysis of the tuning sensitivity of silicon-on-insulator optical ring resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 4215-4221 (2005).

Kuchinsky, S.

S. Kuchinsky, V. Y. Golyatin, A. Y. Kutikov, T. P. Pearsall, and D. Nedeljkovic, “Coupling between photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1349-1352 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, V. Dinesh

V. Dinesh Kumar, T. Srinivas, and A. Selvarajan, “Investigation of ring resonators in photonic crystal circuits,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 2, 199-206 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, C. W.

Kuo, L. C.

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L. C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P. T. Ho, “All-optical AND/NAND logic gates using semiconductor microresonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1422-1424 (2003).

Kuramochi, E.

Kutikov, A. Y.

S. Kuchinsky, V. Y. Golyatin, A. Y. Kutikov, T. P. Pearsall, and D. Nedeljkovic, “Coupling between photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1349-1352 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lamontagne, B.

Lapointe, J.

Lavrinenko, A. V.

Lee, J. J.

T. T. Shih, Y. D. Wu, and J. J. Lee, “Proposal for compact optical triplexer filter using 2-D photonic crystals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 18-20 (2009).

Y. D. Wu, K. W. Hsu, T. T. Shih, and J. J. Lee, “New design of four-channel add-drop filters based on double-resonant-cavity photonic crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 640-644(2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. D. Wu, J. J. Lee, T. T. Shih, and J. W. Chien, “A high quality factor filter based on quasi-ring resonator design in two-dimensional photonic crystal,” in Asia Optical Fiber Communication and Optoelectronic Exposition and Conference (AOE), 2008 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper SuD2.

Lee, P. T.

Leung, K. M.

K. M. Leung and Y. F. Liu, “Photon band structures: the plane-wave method,” Phys. Rev. B 41, 10188-10190 (1990).

Li, B.

Lim, C. S.

L. Y. Mario Desmond, C. S. Lim, and M. K. Chin, “Proposal for an ultranarrow passband using two coupled rings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1688-1690 (2007).

Lipson, M.

Little, B. E.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263-2265 (2004).

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, “An eight-channel add-drop filter using vertically coupled microring resonators over a cross grid,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 691-693 (1999).

Liu, Y. F.

K. M. Leung and Y. F. Liu, “Photon band structures: the plane-wave method,” Phys. Rev. B 41, 10188-10190 (1990).

Lu, T. W.

Martinelli, M.

Martinez, L.

Martinez, L. J.

A. R. Alija, L. J. Martinez, P. A. Postigo, C. Seassal, and P. Viktorovitch, “Coupled cavity two dimensional photonic crystal waveguide ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101102(2006).
[CrossRef]

McNab, S. J.

Melloni, A.

Midrio, M.

S. Boscolo, M. Midrio, and C. Someda, “Coupling and decoupling of electromagnetic waves in parallel 2-D photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 47-53(2002).
[CrossRef]

Mitsugi, S.

Moll, N.

Monguzzi, P.

Monifi, F.

Morthier, G.

Nedeljkovic, D.

S. Kuchinsky, V. Y. Golyatin, A. Y. Kutikov, T. P. Pearsall, and D. Nedeljkovic, “Coupling between photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1349-1352 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Notomi, M.

Ogusu, K.

Okano, M.

Pan, W.

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, “An eight-channel add-drop filter using vertically coupled microring resonators over a cross grid,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 691-693 (1999).

Pearsall, T. P.

S. Kuchinsky, V. Y. Golyatin, A. Y. Kutikov, T. P. Pearsall, and D. Nedeljkovic, “Coupling between photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1349-1352 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Popovic, M. A.

Post, E.

Postigo, P. A.

A. R. Alija, L. J. Martinez, P. A. Postigo, C. Seassal, and P. Viktorovitch, “Coupled cavity two dimensional photonic crystal waveguide ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101102(2006).
[CrossRef]

Preston, K.

K. Preston, P. Dong, B. Schmidt, and M. Lipson, “High-speed all-optical modulation using polycrystalline silicon microring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 151104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Priem, G.

Qiang, Z.

Rakich, P. T.

Ren, H.

Sato, S.

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, “An eight-channel add-drop filter using vertically coupled microring resonators over a cross grid,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 691-693 (1999).

Scherer, A.

T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, C. Walker, E. Chan, D. Koshinz, W. Krug, and A. Scherer, “Analysis of the tuning sensitivity of silicon-on-insulator optical ring resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 4215-4221 (2005).

Schmid, J. H.

Schmidt, B.

K. Preston, P. Dong, B. Schmidt, and M. Lipson, “High-speed all-optical modulation using polycrystalline silicon microring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 151104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Seassal, C.

A. R. Alija, L. J. Martinez, P. A. Postigo, C. Seassal, and P. Viktorovitch, “Coupled cavity two dimensional photonic crystal waveguide ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101102(2006).
[CrossRef]

Seiferth, F.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263-2265 (2004).

Selvarajan, A.

V. Dinesh Kumar, T. Srinivas, and A. Selvarajan, “Investigation of ring resonators in photonic crystal circuits,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 2, 199-206 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shih, T. T.

T. T. Shih, Y. D. Wu, and J. J. Lee, “Proposal for compact optical triplexer filter using 2-D photonic crystals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 18-20 (2009).

Y. D. Wu, K. W. Hsu, T. T. Shih, and J. J. Lee, “New design of four-channel add-drop filters based on double-resonant-cavity photonic crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 640-644(2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. D. Wu, K. W. Hsu, and T. T. Shih, “Thirty-two-channels dense-wavelength-division multiplexer based on cascade two-dimensional photonic crystals waveguide structure,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2075-2080 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. D. Wu, J. J. Lee, T. T. Shih, and J. W. Chien, “A high quality factor filter based on quasi-ring resonator design in two-dimensional photonic crystal,” in Asia Optical Fiber Communication and Optoelectronic Exposition and Conference (AOE), 2008 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper SuD2.

Shinya, A.

Smith, H. I.

Someda, C.

S. Boscolo, M. Midrio, and C. Someda, “Coupling and decoupling of electromagnetic waves in parallel 2-D photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 47-53(2002).
[CrossRef]

Soref, R.

Soref, R. A.

Srinivas, T.

V. Dinesh Kumar, T. Srinivas, and A. Selvarajan, “Investigation of ring resonators in photonic crystal circuits,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 2, 199-206 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sugisaka, J. I.

Suwancharoen, W.

P. P. Yupapin and W. Suwancharoen, “Chaotic signal generation and cancellation using a micro ring resonator incorporating an optical add/drop multiplexer,” Opt. Commun. 280, 343-350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Taflove, A.

A. Taflove, “Application of the finite-difference time-domain method to sinusoidal steady-state electromagnetic-penetration problems,” IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Comp. 22, 191-202(1980).

Takayama, K.

Thourhout, D. V.

Torres, C. M. S.

Trakalo, M.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263-2265 (2004).

Tseng, C. C.

Van, V.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263-2265 (2004).

Viktorovitch, P.

A. R. Alija, L. J. Martinez, P. A. Postigo, C. Seassal, and P. Viktorovitch, “Coupled cavity two dimensional photonic crystal waveguide ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101102(2006).
[CrossRef]

Vivas, J. R.

Vlasov, Y.

Y. Vlasov, W. M. J. Green, and F. Xia, “High-throughput silicon nanophotonic wavelength-insensitive switch for on-chip optical networks,” Nat. Photonics 2, 242-246 (2008).

Vlasov, Y. A.

Waldron, P.

Walker, C.

T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, C. Walker, E. Chan, D. Koshinz, W. Krug, and A. Scherer, “Analysis of the tuning sensitivity of silicon-on-insulator optical ring resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 4215-4221 (2005).

Wang, J.

Watts, M. R.

Wu, Y. D.

T. T. Shih, Y. D. Wu, and J. J. Lee, “Proposal for compact optical triplexer filter using 2-D photonic crystals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 18-20 (2009).

Y. D. Wu, K. W. Hsu, T. T. Shih, and J. J. Lee, “New design of four-channel add-drop filters based on double-resonant-cavity photonic crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 640-644(2009).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Kuo, C. F. Chang, M. H. Chen, S. Y. Chen, and Y. D. Wu, “A new approach of planar multi-channel wavelength division multiplexing system using asymmetric super-cell photonic crystal structures,” Opt. Express 15, 198-206 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. D. Wu, K. W. Hsu, and T. T. Shih, “Thirty-two-channels dense-wavelength-division multiplexer based on cascade two-dimensional photonic crystals waveguide structure,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2075-2080 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. D. Wu, J. J. Lee, T. T. Shih, and J. W. Chien, “A high quality factor filter based on quasi-ring resonator design in two-dimensional photonic crystal,” in Asia Optical Fiber Communication and Optoelectronic Exposition and Conference (AOE), 2008 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper SuD2.

Wu, Y. H.

Xia, F.

Y. Vlasov, W. M. J. Green, and F. Xia, “High-throughput silicon nanophotonic wavelength-insensitive switch for on-chip optical networks,” Nat. Photonics 2, 242-246 (2008).

Xu, D.

Xu, Q.

Yablonovitch, E.

E. Yablonovitch, “Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics electronics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062(1987).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, N.

Yu, C. M.

Yupapin, P. P.

P. P. Yupapin and W. Suwancharoen, “Chaotic signal generation and cancellation using a micro ring resonator incorporating an optical add/drop multiplexer,” Opt. Commun. 280, 343-350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

Zhou, W.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

S. H. Kim and J. S. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic crystal hexagonal waveguide ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2499-2501 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. R. Alija, L. J. Martinez, P. A. Postigo, C. Seassal, and P. Viktorovitch, “Coupled cavity two dimensional photonic crystal waveguide ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101102(2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Preston, P. Dong, B. Schmidt, and M. Lipson, “High-speed all-optical modulation using polycrystalline silicon microring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 151104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

S. Kuchinsky, V. Y. Golyatin, A. Y. Kutikov, T. P. Pearsall, and D. Nedeljkovic, “Coupling between photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1349-1352 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Boscolo, M. Midrio, and C. Someda, “Coupling and decoupling of electromagnetic waves in parallel 2-D photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 47-53(2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (6)

T. T. Shih, Y. D. Wu, and J. J. Lee, “Proposal for compact optical triplexer filter using 2-D photonic crystals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 18-20 (2009).

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263-2265 (2004).

T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, C. Walker, E. Chan, D. Koshinz, W. Krug, and A. Scherer, “Analysis of the tuning sensitivity of silicon-on-insulator optical ring resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 4215-4221 (2005).

L. Y. Mario Desmond, C. S. Lim, and M. K. Chin, “Proposal for an ultranarrow passband using two coupled rings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1688-1690 (2007).

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, “An eight-channel add-drop filter using vertically coupled microring resonators over a cross grid,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 691-693 (1999).

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L. C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P. T. Ho, “All-optical AND/NAND logic gates using semiconductor microresonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1422-1424 (2003).

IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Comp. (1)

A. Taflove, “Application of the finite-difference time-domain method to sinusoidal steady-state electromagnetic-penetration problems,” IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Comp. 22, 191-202(1980).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (4)

Nat. Photonics (1)

Y. Vlasov, W. M. J. Green, and F. Xia, “High-throughput silicon nanophotonic wavelength-insensitive switch for on-chip optical networks,” Nat. Photonics 2, 242-246 (2008).

Opt. Commun. (1)

P. P. Yupapin and W. Suwancharoen, “Chaotic signal generation and cancellation using a micro ring resonator incorporating an optical add/drop multiplexer,” Opt. Commun. 280, 343-350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (16)

W. Y. Chiu, T. W. Huang, Y. H. Wu, Y. J. Chan, C. H. Hou, H. T. Chien, and C. C. Chen, “A photonic crystal ring resonator formed by SOI nano-rods,” Opt. Express 15, 15500-15506(2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Cho and R. Soref, “Interferometric microring-resonant 2×2 optical switches,” Opt. Express 16, 13304-13314 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Ogusu and K. Takayama, “Optical bistability in photonic crystal microrings with nonlinear dielectric materials,” Opt. Express 16, 14780-14791 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. J. McNab, N. Moll, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Ultra-low loss photonic integrated circuit with membrane-type photonic crystal waveguide,” Opt. Express 11, 2927-2939 (2003).

T. Barwicz, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rakich, M. R. Watts, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, “Microring-resonator-based add-drop filters in SiN: fabrication and analysis,” Opt. Express 12, 1437-1442 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Vivas, D. N. Chigrin, A. V. Lavrinenko, and C. M. S. Torres, “Resonant add-drop filter based on a photonic quasicrystal,” Opt. Express 13, 826-835 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, E. Kuramochi, and M. Notomi, “Ultrasmall multichannel resonant-tunneling filter using mode gap of width-tuned photonic-crystal waveguide,” Opt. Express 13, 4202-4209 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Priem, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, D. V. Thourhout, G. Morthier, and R. Baets, “Optical bistability and pulsating behaviour in silicon on insulator structures,” Opt. Express 13, 9623-9628 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Ren, C. Jiang, W. Hu, M. Gao, and J. Wang, “Photonic crystal channel drop filter with a wavelength-selective reflection micro-cavity,” Opt. Express 14, 2446-2458 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang and B. Li, “Photonic crystal-based bending waveguides for optical interconnections,” Opt. Express 14, 5723-5732 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Martinez and M. Lipson, “High confinement suspended micro-ring resonators in silicon-on-insulator,” Opt. Express 14, 6259-6263 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Kuo, C. F. Chang, M. H. Chen, S. Y. Chen, and Y. D. Wu, “A new approach of planar multi-channel wavelength division multiplexing system using asymmetric super-cell photonic crystal structures,” Opt. Express 15, 198-206 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Xu and M. Lipson, “All-optical logic based on silicon micro-ring resonators,” Opt. Express 15, 924-929 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Qiang, W. Zhou, and R. A. Soref, “Optical add-drop filters based on photonic crystal ring resonators,” Opt. Express 15, 1823-1831 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Xu, A. Densmore, P. Waldron, J. Lapointe, E. Post, A. Delage, S. Janz, P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, and B. Lamontagne, “High bandwidth SOI photonic wire ring resonators using MMI couplers,” Opt. Express 15, 3149-3155 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. T. Lee, T. W. Lu, C. M. Yu, and C. C. Tseng, “Photonic crystal circular-shaped microcavity and its uniform cavity-waveguide coupling property due to presence of whispering gallery mode,” Opt. Express 15, 9450-9457 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. (1)

V. Dinesh Kumar, T. Srinivas, and A. Selvarajan, “Investigation of ring resonators in photonic crystal circuits,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 2, 199-206 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

K. M. Leung and Y. F. Liu, “Photon band structures: the plane-wave method,” Phys. Rev. B 41, 10188-10190 (1990).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

S. John, “Strong localization of phonics in certain disordered dielectric superlattices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486-2489(1987).
[CrossRef]

E. Yablonovitch, “Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics electronics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062(1987).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

Y. D. Wu, J. J. Lee, T. T. Shih, and J. W. Chien, “A high quality factor filter based on quasi-ring resonator design in two-dimensional photonic crystal,” in Asia Optical Fiber Communication and Optoelectronic Exposition and Conference (AOE), 2008 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper SuD2.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) PCRR defined by shifting the four scatters outward to make a quasi-ring shape. (b) PCRR with a PBG diagram for TM modes of a square array of dielectric rods.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Transmission spectra of the PCRR at three output waveguides. (b) Field distribution at the resonant wavelength of 1418 nm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output waveguide of the PCRR changed to perpendicular to the side of the ring resonator.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Transmission spectra of the PCRR in the 2 × 2 dielectric rods are shown in (a) the blocking case and (b) the nonblocking case.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Transmission efficiency and (b) quality factor for the PCRR in the different scatter radii with 2 × 2 , 3 × 3 , and 4 × 4 inner dielectric rods.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

4 × 4 dielectric rods of field distributions measured at the resonant wavelengths of 1440.7, 1536.5 and 1616.1 nm .

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Four-channel PCRR device with 4 × 4 inner dielectric rods and (b) its transmission spectra at each port.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Four-channel PCRR with 3 × 3 inner dielectric rods and its transmission spectra at the waveguide widths (b)  2 a , (c)  1.84 a .

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Field distributions are resonant at wavelengths (a)  1510 nm , (b)  1530 nm , (c)  1550 nm , and (d)  1570 nm .

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Crosstalk Characteristics of the PCRR

Equations (1)

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Q = ω / Δ ω = λ / Δ λ ,

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