Abstract

The dispersion characteristics of superstructure fiber gratings written in multimode fibers and side-polished multimode fibers are investigated at different bending curvatures. The experimental results show that the group time delay in multimode superstructure fiber gratings can be tuned more easily than that of superstructure gratings in single-mode fiber. This method can provide tunable dispersion of superstructure fiber gratings by controlling the bending curvatures for application in dispersion compensators, fiber sensors, or suitable optical filters of optical communication systems.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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2005

2000

T. Mizunami, T. V. Djambova, T. Niiho, and S. Gupta, “Bragg grating in multimode and few-mode optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 230-235 (2000).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhao and R. O. Claus, “Optical fiber grating sensors in multimode fibers,” Proc. SPIE 3986, 50-55(2000).
[CrossRef]

B. Sutapun and M. Tabib-Azar, “Grating-coupled multimode fiber optics for filtering and chemical-sensing applications,” Sens. Actuators B 69, 63-69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997

K. O. Hill and G. Meltz, “Fiber Bragg grating technology fundamentals and overview,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1263-1276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1987

1982

Ai, L.

H. Sheng, W. Liu, L. Ai, H. Peng, S. Bor, and C. Tien, “Tunable dispersion by bending side-polished single-mode superstructure fiber gratings,” in Asia Optical Fiber Communication and Optoelectronic Exposition and Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper SaK47.

Bennion, I.

L. Zhang, W. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “In-fiber grating optic sensors,” in Fiber Optic Sensors, F.T. S.Yu and S.Yin, eds. (Marcel Dekker, 2002).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T. A.

Bland-Hawthorn, J.

Bor, S.

H. Sheng, W. Liu, L. Ai, H. Peng, S. Bor, and C. Tien, “Tunable dispersion by bending side-polished single-mode superstructure fiber gratings,” in Asia Optical Fiber Communication and Optoelectronic Exposition and Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper SaK47.

Claus, R. O.

W. Zhao and R. O. Claus, “Optical fiber grating sensors in multimode fibers,” Proc. SPIE 3986, 50-55(2000).
[CrossRef]

Djambova, T. V.

Edahiro, T.

Englund, M.

Gupta, S.

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill and G. Meltz, “Fiber Bragg grating technology fundamentals and overview,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1263-1276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Leon-Saval, S. G.

Liu, W.

H. Sheng, W. Liu, L. Ai, H. Peng, S. Bor, and C. Tien, “Tunable dispersion by bending side-polished single-mode superstructure fiber gratings,” in Asia Optical Fiber Communication and Optoelectronic Exposition and Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper SaK47.

Meltz, G.

K. O. Hill and G. Meltz, “Fiber Bragg grating technology fundamentals and overview,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1263-1276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mizunami, T.

Niiho, T.

Okamoto, K.

Peng, H.

H. Sheng, W. Liu, L. Ai, H. Peng, S. Bor, and C. Tien, “Tunable dispersion by bending side-polished single-mode superstructure fiber gratings,” in Asia Optical Fiber Communication and Optoelectronic Exposition and Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper SaK47.

Sakuda, K.

Sheng, H.

H. Sheng, W. Liu, L. Ai, H. Peng, S. Bor, and C. Tien, “Tunable dispersion by bending side-polished single-mode superstructure fiber gratings,” in Asia Optical Fiber Communication and Optoelectronic Exposition and Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper SaK47.

Shibata, N.

Sutapun, B.

B. Sutapun and M. Tabib-Azar, “Grating-coupled multimode fiber optics for filtering and chemical-sensing applications,” Sens. Actuators B 69, 63-69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tabib-Azar, M.

B. Sutapun and M. Tabib-Azar, “Grating-coupled multimode fiber optics for filtering and chemical-sensing applications,” Sens. Actuators B 69, 63-69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tien, C.

H. Sheng, W. Liu, L. Ai, H. Peng, S. Bor, and C. Tien, “Tunable dispersion by bending side-polished single-mode superstructure fiber gratings,” in Asia Optical Fiber Communication and Optoelectronic Exposition and Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper SaK47.

Yamada, M.

Zhang, L.

L. Zhang, W. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “In-fiber grating optic sensors,” in Fiber Optic Sensors, F.T. S.Yu and S.Yin, eds. (Marcel Dekker, 2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

L. Zhang, W. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “In-fiber grating optic sensors,” in Fiber Optic Sensors, F.T. S.Yu and S.Yin, eds. (Marcel Dekker, 2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, W.

W. Zhao and R. O. Claus, “Optical fiber grating sensors in multimode fibers,” Proc. SPIE 3986, 50-55(2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

J. Lightwave Technol.

K. O. Hill and G. Meltz, “Fiber Bragg grating technology fundamentals and overview,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1263-1276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Mizunami, T. V. Djambova, T. Niiho, and S. Gupta, “Bragg grating in multimode and few-mode optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 230-235 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

W. Zhao and R. O. Claus, “Optical fiber grating sensors in multimode fibers,” Proc. SPIE 3986, 50-55(2000).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators B

B. Sutapun and M. Tabib-Azar, “Grating-coupled multimode fiber optics for filtering and chemical-sensing applications,” Sens. Actuators B 69, 63-69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other

H. Sheng, W. Liu, L. Ai, H. Peng, S. Bor, and C. Tien, “Tunable dispersion by bending side-polished single-mode superstructure fiber gratings,” in Asia Optical Fiber Communication and Optoelectronic Exposition and Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper SaK47.

L. Zhang, W. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “In-fiber grating optic sensors,” in Fiber Optic Sensors, F.T. S.Yu and S.Yin, eds. (Marcel Dekker, 2002).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical spectra of a multimode superstructure fiber grating: (a) transmission and (b) reflection.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Reflection spectra of a MMF SFG before and after it was side polished.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Reflection spectra of one reflection peak with different bending radii and (b) group time delay in a MMF SFG.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) n-shape bending and (b) u-shape bending.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Reflective wavelengths and profiles of group velocity delay in a side-polished MMF SFG by n-shape bending at different bending curvatures: (a) , (b)  2.5 cm , (c)  2 cm , (d)  1 cm .

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Dispersion slopes of n-shape bending at different bending curvatures.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Reflective wavelength and profiles of group velocity delay in a side-polished MMF SFG by u-shape bending at different bending curvatures: (a) , (b)  2.5 cm , (c)  1.5 cm , (d)  1 cm .

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Dispersion slopes of u-shape bending at different bending curvatures.

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