Abstract

Clear-air turbulence could be detected at long range using a UV lidar. Because the vertical speed cannot be retrieved from Doppler shift analysis at long range, the turbulence detection is based on the measurement of molecular density fluctuation associated with the turbulent wind. After an optimization of the characteristics of the candidate UV lidar, we present an evaluation of the detection range and of the false alarm rate and missed alarm rate depending on the altitude and vertical velocity root mean square. This study shows that 96% of turbulence with vertical velocity leading to dislodging of unsecured objects in the airplane can be detected at 15 km using a 2 W laser at 355 nm with a false alarm rate of 0.18 per flight hour.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. Henderson, P. Gatt, D. Rees, and R. M. Huffaker, “Wind Lidar,” in Laser Remote Sensing, T. Fujii and T. Fukuchi, eds (CRC Press, 2005), pp. 469-722.
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  3. U. S. Military specification MIL-F-8785C (1980), paragraph 3.7 Atmospheric disturbances.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  7. C. Cot, F. Dalaudier, and A. Hauchecorne, Service d'Aéronomie du CNRS, BP 3, 91371 Verrières Le Buisson Cedex (personal communication, 2001).
  8. A. Behrendt, “Temperature measurements with lidar,” in Lidar, Range-Resolved Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, C. Weitkamp, ed. (Springer, 2005), pp. 281-286.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  13. F. Rocadenbosch, C. Soriano, A. Comerón, and J.-M. Baldasano, “Lidar inversion of atmospheric backscatter and extinction-to-backscatter ratios by use of a Kalman filter,” Appl. Opt. 38, 3175-3189 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
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2007 (1)

D. E. Wroblewski, O. R. Coté, J. M. Hacker, and R. J. Dobosy, “Cliff-ramp patterns and Kelvin-Helmoltz billows in stably stratified shear flow in the upper troposphere: analysis of aircraft measurements,” J. Atmos. Sci. 64, 2521-2539 (2007).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1993 (1)

1986 (1)

C. W. Campbell, “Monte Carlo turbulence simulation using rational approximation to Von Karman spectra,” AIAA J. 24, 62-66 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

1984 (1)

1981 (1)

Baldasano, J.-M.

Behrendt, A.

A. Behrendt, “Temperature measurements with lidar,” in Lidar, Range-Resolved Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, C. Weitkamp, ed. (Springer, 2005), pp. 281-286.

Campbell, C. W.

C. W. Campbell, “Monte Carlo turbulence simulation using rational approximation to Von Karman spectra,” AIAA J. 24, 62-66 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Comerón, A.

Cot, C.

C. Cot, F. Dalaudier, and A. Hauchecorne, Service d'Aéronomie du CNRS, BP 3, 91371 Verrières Le Buisson Cedex (personal communication, 2001).

Coté, O. R.

D. E. Wroblewski, O. R. Coté, J. M. Hacker, and R. J. Dobosy, “Cliff-ramp patterns and Kelvin-Helmoltz billows in stably stratified shear flow in the upper troposphere: analysis of aircraft measurements,” J. Atmos. Sci. 64, 2521-2539 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dalaudier, F.

C. Cot, F. Dalaudier, and A. Hauchecorne, Service d'Aéronomie du CNRS, BP 3, 91371 Verrières Le Buisson Cedex (personal communication, 2001).

de Leeuw, G.

Diehl, H.

N. Schmitt, W. Rehm, T. Pistner, H. Diehl, P. Navé, G. Jenaro-Rabadan, P. Mirand, and M. Reymond, “Flight test of the AWIATOR airborne LIDAR turbulence sensor,” presented at the Coherent Laser Radar Conference, Snowmass, Colorado, 7 August 2007.

Dobosy, R. J.

D. E. Wroblewski, O. R. Coté, J. M. Hacker, and R. J. Dobosy, “Cliff-ramp patterns and Kelvin-Helmoltz billows in stably stratified shear flow in the upper troposphere: analysis of aircraft measurements,” J. Atmos. Sci. 64, 2521-2539 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fernald, F. G.

Gage, S.

S. Gage, “Creating a unified graphical wind turbulence model from multiple specifications,” in American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) 2003 Modeling and Simulation Technologies Conference and Exhibit (AIAA, 2003), paper 5529.

Gatt, P.

S. Henderson, P. Gatt, D. Rees, and R. M. Huffaker, “Wind Lidar,” in Laser Remote Sensing, T. Fujii and T. Fukuchi, eds (CRC Press, 2005), pp. 469-722.

Hacker, J. M.

D. E. Wroblewski, O. R. Coté, J. M. Hacker, and R. J. Dobosy, “Cliff-ramp patterns and Kelvin-Helmoltz billows in stably stratified shear flow in the upper troposphere: analysis of aircraft measurements,” J. Atmos. Sci. 64, 2521-2539 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hauchecorne, A.

C. Cot, F. Dalaudier, and A. Hauchecorne, Service d'Aéronomie du CNRS, BP 3, 91371 Verrières Le Buisson Cedex (personal communication, 2001).

Henderson, S.

S. Henderson, P. Gatt, D. Rees, and R. M. Huffaker, “Wind Lidar,” in Laser Remote Sensing, T. Fujii and T. Fukuchi, eds (CRC Press, 2005), pp. 469-722.

Huffaker, R. M.

S. Henderson, P. Gatt, D. Rees, and R. M. Huffaker, “Wind Lidar,” in Laser Remote Sensing, T. Fujii and T. Fukuchi, eds (CRC Press, 2005), pp. 469-722.

Jelalian, A. V.

A. V. Jelalian, “Detection probabilities and false alarm rates,” in Laser Radar Systems (Artech House, 1992), pp. 77-119.

Jenaro-Rabadan, G.

N. Schmitt, W. Rehm, T. Pistner, H. Diehl, P. Navé, G. Jenaro-Rabadan, P. Mirand, and M. Reymond, “Flight test of the AWIATOR airborne LIDAR turbulence sensor,” presented at the Coherent Laser Radar Conference, Snowmass, Colorado, 7 August 2007.

Klett, J. D.

Kunz, G. J.

Mirand, P.

N. Schmitt, W. Rehm, T. Pistner, H. Diehl, P. Navé, G. Jenaro-Rabadan, P. Mirand, and M. Reymond, “Flight test of the AWIATOR airborne LIDAR turbulence sensor,” presented at the Coherent Laser Radar Conference, Snowmass, Colorado, 7 August 2007.

Navé, P.

N. Schmitt, W. Rehm, T. Pistner, H. Diehl, P. Navé, G. Jenaro-Rabadan, P. Mirand, and M. Reymond, “Flight test of the AWIATOR airborne LIDAR turbulence sensor,” presented at the Coherent Laser Radar Conference, Snowmass, Colorado, 7 August 2007.

Pistner, T.

N. Schmitt, W. Rehm, T. Pistner, H. Diehl, P. Navé, G. Jenaro-Rabadan, P. Mirand, and M. Reymond, “Flight test of the AWIATOR airborne LIDAR turbulence sensor,” presented at the Coherent Laser Radar Conference, Snowmass, Colorado, 7 August 2007.

Rees, D.

S. Henderson, P. Gatt, D. Rees, and R. M. Huffaker, “Wind Lidar,” in Laser Remote Sensing, T. Fujii and T. Fukuchi, eds (CRC Press, 2005), pp. 469-722.

Rehm, W.

N. Schmitt, W. Rehm, T. Pistner, H. Diehl, P. Navé, G. Jenaro-Rabadan, P. Mirand, and M. Reymond, “Flight test of the AWIATOR airborne LIDAR turbulence sensor,” presented at the Coherent Laser Radar Conference, Snowmass, Colorado, 7 August 2007.

Reymond, M.

N. Schmitt, W. Rehm, T. Pistner, H. Diehl, P. Navé, G. Jenaro-Rabadan, P. Mirand, and M. Reymond, “Flight test of the AWIATOR airborne LIDAR turbulence sensor,” presented at the Coherent Laser Radar Conference, Snowmass, Colorado, 7 August 2007.

Rocadenbosch, F.

Schmitt, N.

N. Schmitt, W. Rehm, T. Pistner, H. Diehl, P. Navé, G. Jenaro-Rabadan, P. Mirand, and M. Reymond, “Flight test of the AWIATOR airborne LIDAR turbulence sensor,” presented at the Coherent Laser Radar Conference, Snowmass, Colorado, 7 August 2007.

Soriano, C.

Wroblewski, D. E.

D. E. Wroblewski, O. R. Coté, J. M. Hacker, and R. J. Dobosy, “Cliff-ramp patterns and Kelvin-Helmoltz billows in stably stratified shear flow in the upper troposphere: analysis of aircraft measurements,” J. Atmos. Sci. 64, 2521-2539 (2007).
[CrossRef]

AIAA J. (1)

C. W. Campbell, “Monte Carlo turbulence simulation using rational approximation to Von Karman spectra,” AIAA J. 24, 62-66 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (5)

J. Atmos. Sci. (1)

D. E. Wroblewski, O. R. Coté, J. M. Hacker, and R. J. Dobosy, “Cliff-ramp patterns and Kelvin-Helmoltz billows in stably stratified shear flow in the upper troposphere: analysis of aircraft measurements,” J. Atmos. Sci. 64, 2521-2539 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other (7)

C. Cot, F. Dalaudier, and A. Hauchecorne, Service d'Aéronomie du CNRS, BP 3, 91371 Verrières Le Buisson Cedex (personal communication, 2001).

A. Behrendt, “Temperature measurements with lidar,” in Lidar, Range-Resolved Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, C. Weitkamp, ed. (Springer, 2005), pp. 281-286.

S. Henderson, P. Gatt, D. Rees, and R. M. Huffaker, “Wind Lidar,” in Laser Remote Sensing, T. Fujii and T. Fukuchi, eds (CRC Press, 2005), pp. 469-722.

N. Schmitt, W. Rehm, T. Pistner, H. Diehl, P. Navé, G. Jenaro-Rabadan, P. Mirand, and M. Reymond, “Flight test of the AWIATOR airborne LIDAR turbulence sensor,” presented at the Coherent Laser Radar Conference, Snowmass, Colorado, 7 August 2007.

U. S. Military specification MIL-F-8785C (1980), paragraph 3.7 Atmospheric disturbances.

S. Gage, “Creating a unified graphical wind turbulence model from multiple specifications,” in American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) 2003 Modeling and Simulation Technologies Conference and Exhibit (AIAA, 2003), paper 5529.

A. V. Jelalian, “Detection probabilities and false alarm rates,” in Laser Radar Systems (Artech House, 1992), pp. 77-119.

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