I. Seo, C. K. Hayakawa, and V. Venugopalan, “Radiative transport in the delta-P-1 approximation for semi-infinite turbid media,” Med. Phys. 35, 681-693 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

L. C. L. Chin, A. E. Worthington, W. M. Whelan, and I. A. Vitkin, “Determination of the optical properties of turbid media using relative interstitial radiance measurements: Monte Carlo study, experimental validation, and sensitivity analysis,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 064027 (2007).

[CrossRef]

M. Frank, A. Klar, E. W. Larsen, and S. Yasuda, “Time-dependent simplified P-N approximation to the equations of radiative transfer,” J. Comput. Phys. 226, 2289-2305(2007).

[CrossRef]

S. Wright, M. Schweiger, and S. R. Arridge, “Reconstruction in optical tomography using the P-N approximations,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 79-86 (2007).

[CrossRef]

J. S. You, C. K. Hayakawa, and V. Venugopalan, “Frequency domain photon migration in the delta-P1 approximation: analysis of ballistic, transport, and diffuse regimes,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 021903 (2005).

[CrossRef]

G. W. Faris, “P(N) approximation for frequency-domain measurements in scattering media,” Appl. Opt. 44, 2058-2071(2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. Khan and A. Thomas, “Comparison of P-N or spherical harmonics approximation for scattering media with spatially varying and spatially constant refractive indices,” Opt. Commun. 255, 130-166 (2005).

[CrossRef]

C. K. Hayakawa, B. Y. Hill, J. S. You, F. Bevilacqua, J. Spanier, and V. Venugopalan, “Use of the delta-P1 approximation for recovery of optical absorption, scattering, and asymmetry coefficients in turbid media,” Appl. Opt. 43, 4677-4684 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. A. Carp, S. A. Prahl, and V. Venugopalan, “Radiative transport in the delta-P1 approximation: accuracy of fluence rate and optical penetration depth predictions in turbid semi-infinite media,” J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 632-647 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. J. Pfefer, L. S. Matchette, C. L. Bennett, J. A. Gall, J. N. Wilke, A. J. Durkin, and M. N. Ediger, “Reflectance-based determination of optical properties in highly attenuating tissue,” J. Biomed. Opt. 8, 206-215 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. G. Sun, Y. Q. Huang, and E. M. Sevick-Muraca, “Precise analysis of frequency domain photon migration measurement for characterization of concentrated colloidal suspensions,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 383-393 (2002).

[CrossRef]

I. Nissila, K. Kotilahti, K. Fallstrom, and T. Katila, “Instrumentation for the accurate measurement of phase and amplitude in optical tomography,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 3306-3312 (2002).

[CrossRef]

S. P. Morgan and K. Y. Yong, “Elimination of amplitude-phase crosstalk in frequency domain near-infrared spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1984-1987 (2001).

[CrossRef]

E. L. Hull and T. H. Foster, “Steady-state reflectance spectroscopy in the P3 approximation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 584-599 (2001).

[CrossRef]

D. J. Dickey, R. B. Moore, D. C. Rayner, and J. Tulip, “Light dosimetry using the P3 approximation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 46, 2359-2370 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. J. Berger, V. Venugopalan, A. J. Durkin, T. Pham, and B. J. Tromberg, “Chemometric analysis of frequency-domain photon migration data: quantitative measurements of optical properties and chromophore concentrations in multicomponent turbid media,” Appl. Opt. 39, 1659-1667 (2000).

[CrossRef]

K. Alford and Y. Wickramasinghe, “Phase-amplitude crosstalk in intensity modulated near infrared spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 2191-2195 (2000).

[CrossRef]

M. Gerken and G. W. Faris, “High-accuracy optical-property measurements using a frequency domain technique,” Proc. SPIE 3597, 593-600 (1999).

[CrossRef]

F. Bevilacqua and C. Depeursinge, “Monte Carlo study of diffuse reflectance at source-detector separations close to one transport mean free path,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 2935-2945 (1999).

[CrossRef]

F. Bevilacqua, D. Piguet, P. Marquet, J. D. Gross, B. J. Tromberg, and C. Depeursinge, “In vivo local determination of tissue optical properties: applications to human brain,” Appl. Opt. 38, 4939-4950 (1999).

[CrossRef]

M. Gerken and G. W. Faris, “High-precision frequency-domain measurements of the optical properties of turbid media,” Opt. Lett. 24, 930-932 (1999).

[CrossRef]

M. Gerken and G. W. Faris, “Frequency-domain immersion technique for accurate optical property measurements of turbid media,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1726-1728 (1999).

[CrossRef]

R. Aronson and N. Corngold, “Photon diffusion coefficient in an absorbing medium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 1066-1071 (1999).

[CrossRef]

K. Mitra and S. Kumar, “Development and comparison of models for light-pulse transport through scattering-absorbing media,” Appl. Opt. 38, 188-196 (1999).

[CrossRef]

D. Dickey, O. Barajas, K. Brown, J. Tulip, and R. B. Moore, “Radiance modelling using the P3 approximation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 43, 3559-3570 (1998).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Chance, M. Cope, E. Gratton, N. Ramanujam, and B. Tromberg, “Phase measurement of light absorption and scatter in human tissue,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3457-3481(1998).

[CrossRef]

N. Ramanujam, C. Du, H. Y. Ma, and B. Chance, “Sources of phase noise in homodyne and heterodyne phase modulation devices used for tissue oximetry studies,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3042-3054 (1998).

[CrossRef]

T. Nakai, G. Nishimura, K. Yamamoto, and M. Tamura, “Expression of optical diffusion coefficient in high-absorption turbid media,” Phys. Med. Biol. 42, 2541-2549 (1997).

[CrossRef]

D. A. Boas, H. Liu, M. A. O'Leary, B. Chance, and A. G. Yodh, “Photon migration within the *P*_{3} approximation,” Proc. SPIE 2389, 240-247 (1995).

[CrossRef]

S. Yokoyama, A. Okamoto, T. Araki, and N. Suzuki, “Examination to eliminate undesirable phase delay of an avalanche photodiode (APD) for intensity-modulated light,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 5331-5336 (1995).

[CrossRef]

L. D. Lilge and B. C. Wilson, “Accuracy of interstitial measurements of absolute light fluence rate in the determination of tissue optical properties,” Proc. SPIE 1882, 291-304(1993).

[CrossRef]

D. Sharma, A. Agrawal, L. S. Matchette, and T. J. Pfefer, “Evaluation of a fiberoptic-based system for measurement of optical properties in highly attenuating turbid media,” Biomed. Eng. Online 5, 49 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

K. Alford and Y. Wickramasinghe, “Phase-amplitude crosstalk in intensity modulated near infrared spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 2191-2195 (2000).

[CrossRef]

S. Yokoyama, A. Okamoto, T. Araki, and N. Suzuki, “Examination to eliminate undesirable phase delay of an avalanche photodiode (APD) for intensity-modulated light,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 5331-5336 (1995).

[CrossRef]

S. Wright, M. Schweiger, and S. R. Arridge, “Reconstruction in optical tomography using the P-N approximations,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 79-86 (2007).

[CrossRef]

D. Dickey, O. Barajas, K. Brown, J. Tulip, and R. B. Moore, “Radiance modelling using the P3 approximation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 43, 3559-3570 (1998).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. J. Pfefer, L. S. Matchette, C. L. Bennett, J. A. Gall, J. N. Wilke, A. J. Durkin, and M. N. Ediger, “Reflectance-based determination of optical properties in highly attenuating tissue,” J. Biomed. Opt. 8, 206-215 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. K. Hayakawa, B. Y. Hill, J. S. You, F. Bevilacqua, J. Spanier, and V. Venugopalan, “Use of the delta-P1 approximation for recovery of optical absorption, scattering, and asymmetry coefficients in turbid media,” Appl. Opt. 43, 4677-4684 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

F. Bevilacqua and C. Depeursinge, “Monte Carlo study of diffuse reflectance at source-detector separations close to one transport mean free path,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 2935-2945 (1999).

[CrossRef]

F. Bevilacqua, D. Piguet, P. Marquet, J. D. Gross, B. J. Tromberg, and C. Depeursinge, “In vivo local determination of tissue optical properties: applications to human brain,” Appl. Opt. 38, 4939-4950 (1999).

[CrossRef]

D. A. Boas, H. Liu, M. A. O'Leary, B. Chance, and A. G. Yodh, “Photon migration within the *P*_{3} approximation,” Proc. SPIE 2389, 240-247 (1995).

[CrossRef]

D. Dickey, O. Barajas, K. Brown, J. Tulip, and R. B. Moore, “Radiance modelling using the P3 approximation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 43, 3559-3570 (1998).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. A. Carp, S. A. Prahl, and V. Venugopalan, “Radiative transport in the delta-P1 approximation: accuracy of fluence rate and optical penetration depth predictions in turbid semi-infinite media,” J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 632-647 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. E. Cerussi and B. J. Tromberg, “Photon migration spectroscopy frequency-domain techniques,” in *Biomedical Photonics Handbook*, T. Vo-Dinh, ed. (CRC Press, 2003), pp. 22-21-22-17.

B. Chance, M. Cope, E. Gratton, N. Ramanujam, and B. Tromberg, “Phase measurement of light absorption and scatter in human tissue,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3457-3481(1998).

[CrossRef]

N. Ramanujam, C. Du, H. Y. Ma, and B. Chance, “Sources of phase noise in homodyne and heterodyne phase modulation devices used for tissue oximetry studies,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3042-3054 (1998).

[CrossRef]

D. A. Boas, H. Liu, M. A. O'Leary, B. Chance, and A. G. Yodh, “Photon migration within the *P*_{3} approximation,” Proc. SPIE 2389, 240-247 (1995).

[CrossRef]

L. C. L. Chin, A. E. Worthington, W. M. Whelan, and I. A. Vitkin, “Determination of the optical properties of turbid media using relative interstitial radiance measurements: Monte Carlo study, experimental validation, and sensitivity analysis,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 064027 (2007).

[CrossRef]

B. Chance, M. Cope, E. Gratton, N. Ramanujam, and B. Tromberg, “Phase measurement of light absorption and scatter in human tissue,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3457-3481(1998).

[CrossRef]

F. Bevilacqua, D. Piguet, P. Marquet, J. D. Gross, B. J. Tromberg, and C. Depeursinge, “In vivo local determination of tissue optical properties: applications to human brain,” Appl. Opt. 38, 4939-4950 (1999).

[CrossRef]

F. Bevilacqua and C. Depeursinge, “Monte Carlo study of diffuse reflectance at source-detector separations close to one transport mean free path,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 2935-2945 (1999).

[CrossRef]

D. Dickey, O. Barajas, K. Brown, J. Tulip, and R. B. Moore, “Radiance modelling using the P3 approximation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 43, 3559-3570 (1998).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. J. Dickey, R. B. Moore, D. C. Rayner, and J. Tulip, “Light dosimetry using the P3 approximation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 46, 2359-2370 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

N. Ramanujam, C. Du, H. Y. Ma, and B. Chance, “Sources of phase noise in homodyne and heterodyne phase modulation devices used for tissue oximetry studies,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3042-3054 (1998).

[CrossRef]

T. J. Pfefer, L. S. Matchette, C. L. Bennett, J. A. Gall, J. N. Wilke, A. J. Durkin, and M. N. Ediger, “Reflectance-based determination of optical properties in highly attenuating tissue,” J. Biomed. Opt. 8, 206-215 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. J. Berger, V. Venugopalan, A. J. Durkin, T. Pham, and B. J. Tromberg, “Chemometric analysis of frequency-domain photon migration data: quantitative measurements of optical properties and chromophore concentrations in multicomponent turbid media,” Appl. Opt. 39, 1659-1667 (2000).

[CrossRef]

T. J. Pfefer, L. S. Matchette, C. L. Bennett, J. A. Gall, J. N. Wilke, A. J. Durkin, and M. N. Ediger, “Reflectance-based determination of optical properties in highly attenuating tissue,” J. Biomed. Opt. 8, 206-215 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

I. Nissila, K. Kotilahti, K. Fallstrom, and T. Katila, “Instrumentation for the accurate measurement of phase and amplitude in optical tomography,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 3306-3312 (2002).

[CrossRef]

S. Fantini, M. A. Franceschini, J. B. Fishkin, B. Barbieri, and E. Gratton, “Quantitative determination of the absorption spectra of chromophores in strongly scattering media: A light-emitting-diode based technique,” Appl. Opt. 33, 5204-5213 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Fantini and M. A. Franceschini, “Frequency-domain techniques for tissue spectroscopy and imaging,” in *Handbook of Optical Biomedical Diagnostics*, V. V. Tuchin, ed. (SPIE Press, 2002), pp. 405-453.

G. W. Faris, “P(N) approximation for frequency-domain measurements in scattering media,” Appl. Opt. 44, 2058-2071(2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Gerken and G. W. Faris, “High-accuracy optical-property measurements using a frequency domain technique,” Proc. SPIE 3597, 593-600 (1999).

[CrossRef]

M. Gerken and G. W. Faris, “Frequency-domain immersion technique for accurate optical property measurements of turbid media,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1726-1728 (1999).

[CrossRef]

M. Gerken and G. W. Faris, “High-precision frequency-domain measurements of the optical properties of turbid media,” Opt. Lett. 24, 930-932 (1999).

[CrossRef]

S. Fantini, M. A. Franceschini, J. B. Fishkin, B. Barbieri, and E. Gratton, “Quantitative determination of the absorption spectra of chromophores in strongly scattering media: A light-emitting-diode based technique,” Appl. Opt. 33, 5204-5213 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Fantini and M. A. Franceschini, “Frequency-domain techniques for tissue spectroscopy and imaging,” in *Handbook of Optical Biomedical Diagnostics*, V. V. Tuchin, ed. (SPIE Press, 2002), pp. 405-453.

M. Frank, A. Klar, E. W. Larsen, and S. Yasuda, “Time-dependent simplified P-N approximation to the equations of radiative transfer,” J. Comput. Phys. 226, 2289-2305(2007).

[CrossRef]

T. J. Pfefer, L. S. Matchette, C. L. Bennett, J. A. Gall, J. N. Wilke, A. J. Durkin, and M. N. Ediger, “Reflectance-based determination of optical properties in highly attenuating tissue,” J. Biomed. Opt. 8, 206-215 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Chance, M. Cope, E. Gratton, N. Ramanujam, and B. Tromberg, “Phase measurement of light absorption and scatter in human tissue,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3457-3481(1998).

[CrossRef]

S. Fantini, M. A. Franceschini, J. B. Fishkin, B. Barbieri, and E. Gratton, “Quantitative determination of the absorption spectra of chromophores in strongly scattering media: A light-emitting-diode based technique,” Appl. Opt. 33, 5204-5213 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

I. Seo, C. K. Hayakawa, and V. Venugopalan, “Radiative transport in the delta-P-1 approximation for semi-infinite turbid media,” Med. Phys. 35, 681-693 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. S. You, C. K. Hayakawa, and V. Venugopalan, “Frequency domain photon migration in the delta-P1 approximation: analysis of ballistic, transport, and diffuse regimes,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 021903 (2005).

[CrossRef]

C. K. Hayakawa, B. Y. Hill, J. S. You, F. Bevilacqua, J. Spanier, and V. Venugopalan, “Use of the delta-P1 approximation for recovery of optical absorption, scattering, and asymmetry coefficients in turbid media,” Appl. Opt. 43, 4677-4684 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. K. Hayakawa, B. Y. Hill, J. S. You, F. Bevilacqua, J. Spanier, and V. Venugopalan, “Use of the delta-P1 approximation for recovery of optical absorption, scattering, and asymmetry coefficients in turbid media,” Appl. Opt. 43, 4677-4684 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. G. Sun, Y. Q. Huang, and E. M. Sevick-Muraca, “Precise analysis of frequency domain photon migration measurement for characterization of concentrated colloidal suspensions,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 383-393 (2002).

[CrossRef]

I. Nissila, K. Kotilahti, K. Fallstrom, and T. Katila, “Instrumentation for the accurate measurement of phase and amplitude in optical tomography,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 3306-3312 (2002).

[CrossRef]

T. Khan and A. Thomas, “Comparison of P-N or spherical harmonics approximation for scattering media with spatially varying and spatially constant refractive indices,” Opt. Commun. 255, 130-166 (2005).

[CrossRef]

M. Frank, A. Klar, E. W. Larsen, and S. Yasuda, “Time-dependent simplified P-N approximation to the equations of radiative transfer,” J. Comput. Phys. 226, 2289-2305(2007).

[CrossRef]

I. Nissila, K. Kotilahti, K. Fallstrom, and T. Katila, “Instrumentation for the accurate measurement of phase and amplitude in optical tomography,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 3306-3312 (2002).

[CrossRef]

M. Frank, A. Klar, E. W. Larsen, and S. Yasuda, “Time-dependent simplified P-N approximation to the equations of radiative transfer,” J. Comput. Phys. 226, 2289-2305(2007).

[CrossRef]

L. D. Lilge and B. C. Wilson, “Accuracy of interstitial measurements of absolute light fluence rate in the determination of tissue optical properties,” Proc. SPIE 1882, 291-304(1993).

[CrossRef]

D. A. Boas, H. Liu, M. A. O'Leary, B. Chance, and A. G. Yodh, “Photon migration within the *P*_{3} approximation,” Proc. SPIE 2389, 240-247 (1995).

[CrossRef]

N. Ramanujam, C. Du, H. Y. Ma, and B. Chance, “Sources of phase noise in homodyne and heterodyne phase modulation devices used for tissue oximetry studies,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3042-3054 (1998).

[CrossRef]

D. Sharma, A. Agrawal, L. S. Matchette, and T. J. Pfefer, “Evaluation of a fiberoptic-based system for measurement of optical properties in highly attenuating turbid media,” Biomed. Eng. Online 5, 49 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. J. Pfefer, L. S. Matchette, C. L. Bennett, J. A. Gall, J. N. Wilke, A. J. Durkin, and M. N. Ediger, “Reflectance-based determination of optical properties in highly attenuating tissue,” J. Biomed. Opt. 8, 206-215 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. J. Dickey, R. B. Moore, D. C. Rayner, and J. Tulip, “Light dosimetry using the P3 approximation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 46, 2359-2370 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Dickey, O. Barajas, K. Brown, J. Tulip, and R. B. Moore, “Radiance modelling using the P3 approximation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 43, 3559-3570 (1998).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. P. Morgan and K. Y. Yong, “Elimination of amplitude-phase crosstalk in frequency domain near-infrared spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1984-1987 (2001).

[CrossRef]

T. Nakai, G. Nishimura, K. Yamamoto, and M. Tamura, “Expression of optical diffusion coefficient in high-absorption turbid media,” Phys. Med. Biol. 42, 2541-2549 (1997).

[CrossRef]

T. Nakai, G. Nishimura, K. Yamamoto, and M. Tamura, “Expression of optical diffusion coefficient in high-absorption turbid media,” Phys. Med. Biol. 42, 2541-2549 (1997).

[CrossRef]

I. Nissila, K. Kotilahti, K. Fallstrom, and T. Katila, “Instrumentation for the accurate measurement of phase and amplitude in optical tomography,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 3306-3312 (2002).

[CrossRef]

S. Yokoyama, A. Okamoto, T. Araki, and N. Suzuki, “Examination to eliminate undesirable phase delay of an avalanche photodiode (APD) for intensity-modulated light,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 5331-5336 (1995).

[CrossRef]

D. A. Boas, H. Liu, M. A. O'Leary, B. Chance, and A. G. Yodh, “Photon migration within the *P*_{3} approximation,” Proc. SPIE 2389, 240-247 (1995).

[CrossRef]

D. Sharma, A. Agrawal, L. S. Matchette, and T. J. Pfefer, “Evaluation of a fiberoptic-based system for measurement of optical properties in highly attenuating turbid media,” Biomed. Eng. Online 5, 49 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. J. Pfefer, L. S. Matchette, C. L. Bennett, J. A. Gall, J. N. Wilke, A. J. Durkin, and M. N. Ediger, “Reflectance-based determination of optical properties in highly attenuating tissue,” J. Biomed. Opt. 8, 206-215 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. A. Carp, S. A. Prahl, and V. Venugopalan, “Radiative transport in the delta-P1 approximation: accuracy of fluence rate and optical penetration depth predictions in turbid semi-infinite media,” J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 632-647 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

N. Ramanujam, C. Du, H. Y. Ma, and B. Chance, “Sources of phase noise in homodyne and heterodyne phase modulation devices used for tissue oximetry studies,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3042-3054 (1998).

[CrossRef]

B. Chance, M. Cope, E. Gratton, N. Ramanujam, and B. Tromberg, “Phase measurement of light absorption and scatter in human tissue,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3457-3481(1998).

[CrossRef]

D. J. Dickey, R. B. Moore, D. C. Rayner, and J. Tulip, “Light dosimetry using the P3 approximation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 46, 2359-2370 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Wright, M. Schweiger, and S. R. Arridge, “Reconstruction in optical tomography using the P-N approximations,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 79-86 (2007).

[CrossRef]

I. Seo, C. K. Hayakawa, and V. Venugopalan, “Radiative transport in the delta-P-1 approximation for semi-infinite turbid media,” Med. Phys. 35, 681-693 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. G. Sun, Y. Q. Huang, and E. M. Sevick-Muraca, “Precise analysis of frequency domain photon migration measurement for characterization of concentrated colloidal suspensions,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 383-393 (2002).

[CrossRef]

D. Sharma, A. Agrawal, L. S. Matchette, and T. J. Pfefer, “Evaluation of a fiberoptic-based system for measurement of optical properties in highly attenuating turbid media,” Biomed. Eng. Online 5, 49 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. K. Hayakawa, B. Y. Hill, J. S. You, F. Bevilacqua, J. Spanier, and V. Venugopalan, “Use of the delta-P1 approximation for recovery of optical absorption, scattering, and asymmetry coefficients in turbid media,” Appl. Opt. 43, 4677-4684 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. M. Star, “Comparing the P3-approximation with diffusion theory and with Monte Carlo calculations of light propagation in a slab geometry,” Vol. IS 5 of SPIE Institute Series (SPIE, 1989), pp. 146-154.

Z. G. Sun, Y. Q. Huang, and E. M. Sevick-Muraca, “Precise analysis of frequency domain photon migration measurement for characterization of concentrated colloidal suspensions,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 383-393 (2002).

[CrossRef]

S. Yokoyama, A. Okamoto, T. Araki, and N. Suzuki, “Examination to eliminate undesirable phase delay of an avalanche photodiode (APD) for intensity-modulated light,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 5331-5336 (1995).

[CrossRef]

T. Nakai, G. Nishimura, K. Yamamoto, and M. Tamura, “Expression of optical diffusion coefficient in high-absorption turbid media,” Phys. Med. Biol. 42, 2541-2549 (1997).

[CrossRef]

T. Khan and A. Thomas, “Comparison of P-N or spherical harmonics approximation for scattering media with spatially varying and spatially constant refractive indices,” Opt. Commun. 255, 130-166 (2005).

[CrossRef]

B. Chance, M. Cope, E. Gratton, N. Ramanujam, and B. Tromberg, “Phase measurement of light absorption and scatter in human tissue,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3457-3481(1998).

[CrossRef]

A. J. Berger, V. Venugopalan, A. J. Durkin, T. Pham, and B. J. Tromberg, “Chemometric analysis of frequency-domain photon migration data: quantitative measurements of optical properties and chromophore concentrations in multicomponent turbid media,” Appl. Opt. 39, 1659-1667 (2000).

[CrossRef]

F. Bevilacqua, D. Piguet, P. Marquet, J. D. Gross, B. J. Tromberg, and C. Depeursinge, “In vivo local determination of tissue optical properties: applications to human brain,” Appl. Opt. 38, 4939-4950 (1999).

[CrossRef]

A. E. Cerussi and B. J. Tromberg, “Photon migration spectroscopy frequency-domain techniques,” in *Biomedical Photonics Handbook*, T. Vo-Dinh, ed. (CRC Press, 2003), pp. 22-21-22-17.

D. J. Dickey, R. B. Moore, D. C. Rayner, and J. Tulip, “Light dosimetry using the P3 approximation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 46, 2359-2370 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Dickey, O. Barajas, K. Brown, J. Tulip, and R. B. Moore, “Radiance modelling using the P3 approximation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 43, 3559-3570 (1998).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

I. Seo, C. K. Hayakawa, and V. Venugopalan, “Radiative transport in the delta-P-1 approximation for semi-infinite turbid media,” Med. Phys. 35, 681-693 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. S. You, C. K. Hayakawa, and V. Venugopalan, “Frequency domain photon migration in the delta-P1 approximation: analysis of ballistic, transport, and diffuse regimes,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 021903 (2005).

[CrossRef]

S. A. Carp, S. A. Prahl, and V. Venugopalan, “Radiative transport in the delta-P1 approximation: accuracy of fluence rate and optical penetration depth predictions in turbid semi-infinite media,” J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 632-647 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. K. Hayakawa, B. Y. Hill, J. S. You, F. Bevilacqua, J. Spanier, and V. Venugopalan, “Use of the delta-P1 approximation for recovery of optical absorption, scattering, and asymmetry coefficients in turbid media,” Appl. Opt. 43, 4677-4684 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. J. Berger, V. Venugopalan, A. J. Durkin, T. Pham, and B. J. Tromberg, “Chemometric analysis of frequency-domain photon migration data: quantitative measurements of optical properties and chromophore concentrations in multicomponent turbid media,” Appl. Opt. 39, 1659-1667 (2000).

[CrossRef]

L. C. L. Chin, A. E. Worthington, W. M. Whelan, and I. A. Vitkin, “Determination of the optical properties of turbid media using relative interstitial radiance measurements: Monte Carlo study, experimental validation, and sensitivity analysis,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 064027 (2007).

[CrossRef]

L. C. L. Chin, A. E. Worthington, W. M. Whelan, and I. A. Vitkin, “Determination of the optical properties of turbid media using relative interstitial radiance measurements: Monte Carlo study, experimental validation, and sensitivity analysis,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 064027 (2007).

[CrossRef]

K. Alford and Y. Wickramasinghe, “Phase-amplitude crosstalk in intensity modulated near infrared spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 2191-2195 (2000).

[CrossRef]

T. J. Pfefer, L. S. Matchette, C. L. Bennett, J. A. Gall, J. N. Wilke, A. J. Durkin, and M. N. Ediger, “Reflectance-based determination of optical properties in highly attenuating tissue,” J. Biomed. Opt. 8, 206-215 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

L. D. Lilge and B. C. Wilson, “Accuracy of interstitial measurements of absolute light fluence rate in the determination of tissue optical properties,” Proc. SPIE 1882, 291-304(1993).

[CrossRef]

L. C. L. Chin, A. E. Worthington, W. M. Whelan, and I. A. Vitkin, “Determination of the optical properties of turbid media using relative interstitial radiance measurements: Monte Carlo study, experimental validation, and sensitivity analysis,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 064027 (2007).

[CrossRef]

S. Wright, M. Schweiger, and S. R. Arridge, “Reconstruction in optical tomography using the P-N approximations,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 79-86 (2007).

[CrossRef]

T. Nakai, G. Nishimura, K. Yamamoto, and M. Tamura, “Expression of optical diffusion coefficient in high-absorption turbid media,” Phys. Med. Biol. 42, 2541-2549 (1997).

[CrossRef]

M. Frank, A. Klar, E. W. Larsen, and S. Yasuda, “Time-dependent simplified P-N approximation to the equations of radiative transfer,” J. Comput. Phys. 226, 2289-2305(2007).

[CrossRef]

D. A. Boas, H. Liu, M. A. O'Leary, B. Chance, and A. G. Yodh, “Photon migration within the *P*_{3} approximation,” Proc. SPIE 2389, 240-247 (1995).

[CrossRef]

S. Yokoyama, A. Okamoto, T. Araki, and N. Suzuki, “Examination to eliminate undesirable phase delay of an avalanche photodiode (APD) for intensity-modulated light,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 5331-5336 (1995).

[CrossRef]

S. P. Morgan and K. Y. Yong, “Elimination of amplitude-phase crosstalk in frequency domain near-infrared spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1984-1987 (2001).

[CrossRef]

J. S. You, C. K. Hayakawa, and V. Venugopalan, “Frequency domain photon migration in the delta-P1 approximation: analysis of ballistic, transport, and diffuse regimes,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 021903 (2005).

[CrossRef]

C. K. Hayakawa, B. Y. Hill, J. S. You, F. Bevilacqua, J. Spanier, and V. Venugopalan, “Use of the delta-P1 approximation for recovery of optical absorption, scattering, and asymmetry coefficients in turbid media,” Appl. Opt. 43, 4677-4684 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. K. Hayakawa, B. Y. Hill, J. S. You, F. Bevilacqua, J. Spanier, and V. Venugopalan, “Use of the delta-P1 approximation for recovery of optical absorption, scattering, and asymmetry coefficients in turbid media,” Appl. Opt. 43, 4677-4684 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. J. Berger, V. Venugopalan, A. J. Durkin, T. Pham, and B. J. Tromberg, “Chemometric analysis of frequency-domain photon migration data: quantitative measurements of optical properties and chromophore concentrations in multicomponent turbid media,” Appl. Opt. 39, 1659-1667 (2000).

[CrossRef]

F. Bevilacqua, D. Piguet, P. Marquet, J. D. Gross, B. J. Tromberg, and C. Depeursinge, “In vivo local determination of tissue optical properties: applications to human brain,” Appl. Opt. 38, 4939-4950 (1999).

[CrossRef]

K. Mitra and S. Kumar, “Development and comparison of models for light-pulse transport through scattering-absorbing media,” Appl. Opt. 38, 188-196 (1999).

[CrossRef]

G. W. Faris, “P(N) approximation for frequency-domain measurements in scattering media,” Appl. Opt. 44, 2058-2071(2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. M. Hale and M. R. Querry, “Optical constants of water in the 200 nm to 200 μm wavelength region,” Appl. Opt. 12, 555-563 (1973).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Fantini, M. A. Franceschini, J. B. Fishkin, B. Barbieri, and E. Gratton, “Quantitative determination of the absorption spectra of chromophores in strongly scattering media: A light-emitting-diode based technique,” Appl. Opt. 33, 5204-5213 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Sharma, A. Agrawal, L. S. Matchette, and T. J. Pfefer, “Evaluation of a fiberoptic-based system for measurement of optical properties in highly attenuating turbid media,” Biomed. Eng. Online 5, 49 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. J. Pfefer, L. S. Matchette, C. L. Bennett, J. A. Gall, J. N. Wilke, A. J. Durkin, and M. N. Ediger, “Reflectance-based determination of optical properties in highly attenuating tissue,” J. Biomed. Opt. 8, 206-215 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. A. Carp, S. A. Prahl, and V. Venugopalan, “Radiative transport in the delta-P1 approximation: accuracy of fluence rate and optical penetration depth predictions in turbid semi-infinite media,” J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 632-647 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

L. C. L. Chin, A. E. Worthington, W. M. Whelan, and I. A. Vitkin, “Determination of the optical properties of turbid media using relative interstitial radiance measurements: Monte Carlo study, experimental validation, and sensitivity analysis,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 064027 (2007).

[CrossRef]

M. Frank, A. Klar, E. W. Larsen, and S. Yasuda, “Time-dependent simplified P-N approximation to the equations of radiative transfer,” J. Comput. Phys. 226, 2289-2305(2007).

[CrossRef]

S. Wright, M. Schweiger, and S. R. Arridge, “Reconstruction in optical tomography using the P-N approximations,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 79-86 (2007).

[CrossRef]

I. Seo, C. K. Hayakawa, and V. Venugopalan, “Radiative transport in the delta-P-1 approximation for semi-infinite turbid media,” Med. Phys. 35, 681-693 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. Khan and A. Thomas, “Comparison of P-N or spherical harmonics approximation for scattering media with spatially varying and spatially constant refractive indices,” Opt. Commun. 255, 130-166 (2005).

[CrossRef]

D. Dickey, O. Barajas, K. Brown, J. Tulip, and R. B. Moore, “Radiance modelling using the P3 approximation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 43, 3559-3570 (1998).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. J. Dickey, R. B. Moore, D. C. Rayner, and J. Tulip, “Light dosimetry using the P3 approximation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 46, 2359-2370 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. Nakai, G. Nishimura, K. Yamamoto, and M. Tamura, “Expression of optical diffusion coefficient in high-absorption turbid media,” Phys. Med. Biol. 42, 2541-2549 (1997).

[CrossRef]

J. S. You, C. K. Hayakawa, and V. Venugopalan, “Frequency domain photon migration in the delta-P1 approximation: analysis of ballistic, transport, and diffuse regimes,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 021903 (2005).

[CrossRef]

D. A. Boas, H. Liu, M. A. O'Leary, B. Chance, and A. G. Yodh, “Photon migration within the *P*_{3} approximation,” Proc. SPIE 2389, 240-247 (1995).

[CrossRef]

M. Gerken and G. W. Faris, “High-accuracy optical-property measurements using a frequency domain technique,” Proc. SPIE 3597, 593-600 (1999).

[CrossRef]

L. D. Lilge and B. C. Wilson, “Accuracy of interstitial measurements of absolute light fluence rate in the determination of tissue optical properties,” Proc. SPIE 1882, 291-304(1993).

[CrossRef]

Z. G. Sun, Y. Q. Huang, and E. M. Sevick-Muraca, “Precise analysis of frequency domain photon migration measurement for characterization of concentrated colloidal suspensions,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 383-393 (2002).

[CrossRef]

S. Yokoyama, A. Okamoto, T. Araki, and N. Suzuki, “Examination to eliminate undesirable phase delay of an avalanche photodiode (APD) for intensity-modulated light,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 5331-5336 (1995).

[CrossRef]

N. Ramanujam, C. Du, H. Y. Ma, and B. Chance, “Sources of phase noise in homodyne and heterodyne phase modulation devices used for tissue oximetry studies,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3042-3054 (1998).

[CrossRef]

K. Alford and Y. Wickramasinghe, “Phase-amplitude crosstalk in intensity modulated near infrared spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 2191-2195 (2000).

[CrossRef]

S. P. Morgan and K. Y. Yong, “Elimination of amplitude-phase crosstalk in frequency domain near-infrared spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1984-1987 (2001).

[CrossRef]

I. Nissila, K. Kotilahti, K. Fallstrom, and T. Katila, “Instrumentation for the accurate measurement of phase and amplitude in optical tomography,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 3306-3312 (2002).

[CrossRef]

B. Chance, M. Cope, E. Gratton, N. Ramanujam, and B. Tromberg, “Phase measurement of light absorption and scatter in human tissue,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3457-3481(1998).

[CrossRef]

S. Fantini and M. A. Franceschini, “Frequency-domain techniques for tissue spectroscopy and imaging,” in *Handbook of Optical Biomedical Diagnostics*, V. V. Tuchin, ed. (SPIE Press, 2002), pp. 405-453.

A. E. Cerussi and B. J. Tromberg, “Photon migration spectroscopy frequency-domain techniques,” in *Biomedical Photonics Handbook*, T. Vo-Dinh, ed. (CRC Press, 2003), pp. 22-21-22-17.

W. M. Star, “Comparing the P3-approximation with diffusion theory and with Monte Carlo calculations of light propagation in a slab geometry,” Vol. IS 5 of SPIE Institute Series (SPIE, 1989), pp. 146-154.