Abstract

Here we experimentally demonstrate measurements of the wavelength-dependent phase response of a surface plasmon resonance sensor using a spectral interferometric technique. By using a broadband incoherent fiber light source and a polarimetry configuration with a high-birefringence component, the spectral phase response of a surface plasmon resonance sensor can be retrieved. A combination of wavelength interrogation and phase detection is enabled by our proposed scheme. In contrast to the previously demonstrated heterodyne or spatial fringe detection schemes, this in-line optical configuration is much simpler and can be very compact when implemented with advanced fiber optic and integrated components.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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2008

J. Homola, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors for detection of chemical and biological species,” Chem. Rev. 108, 462-493 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, S. Y. Wu, X. H. Liu, S. P. Wong, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, “Phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor using the photoelastic modulation technique,” Sens. Actuators B 114, 80-84 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Ran and S. G. Lipson, “Comparison between sensitivities of phase and intensity detection in surface plasmon resonance,” Opt. Express 14, 5641-5650 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

H. P. Chiang, H. T. Yeh, C. M. Chen, J. C. Wu, S. Y. Su, R. Chang, Y. J. Wu, D. P. Tsai, S. U. Jen, and P. T. Leung, “Surface plasmon resonance monitoring of temperature via phase measurement,” Opt. Commun. 241, 409-418 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

C.-M. Wu, Z.-C. Jian, S.-F. Joe, and L.-B. Chang, “High-sensitivity sensor based on surface plasmon resonance and heterodyne interferometry,” Sens. Actuators B 92, 133-136(2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

2000

1999

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators B 54, 3-15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. I. Nikitin, A. A. Beloglazov, V. E. Kochergin, M. V. Valeiko, and T. I. Ksenevich, “Surface plasmon resonance interferometry for biological and chemical sensing,” Sens. Actuators B 54, 43-50 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

1996

S. G. Nelson, K. S. Johnston, and S. S. Yee, “High sensitivity surface plasmon resonance sensor based on phase detection,” Sens. Actuators B 35-36, 187-191 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

1982

1980

Arnaud, J.

Belabas, N.

Beloglazov, A. A.

P. I. Nikitin, A. A. Beloglazov, V. E. Kochergin, M. V. Valeiko, and T. I. Ksenevich, “Surface plasmon resonance interferometry for biological and chemical sensing,” Sens. Actuators B 54, 43-50 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chang, L.-B.

C.-M. Wu, Z.-C. Jian, S.-F. Joe, and L.-B. Chang, “High-sensitivity sensor based on surface plasmon resonance and heterodyne interferometry,” Sens. Actuators B 92, 133-136(2003).
[CrossRef]

Chang, R.

H. P. Chiang, H. T. Yeh, C. M. Chen, J. C. Wu, S. Y. Su, R. Chang, Y. J. Wu, D. P. Tsai, S. U. Jen, and P. T. Leung, “Surface plasmon resonance monitoring of temperature via phase measurement,” Opt. Commun. 241, 409-418 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C. M.

H. P. Chiang, H. T. Yeh, C. M. Chen, J. C. Wu, S. Y. Su, R. Chang, Y. J. Wu, D. P. Tsai, S. U. Jen, and P. T. Leung, “Surface plasmon resonance monitoring of temperature via phase measurement,” Opt. Commun. 241, 409-418 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cheriaux, G.

Chiang, H. P.

H. P. Chiang, H. T. Yeh, C. M. Chen, J. C. Wu, S. Y. Su, R. Chang, Y. J. Wu, D. P. Tsai, S. U. Jen, and P. T. Leung, “Surface plasmon resonance monitoring of temperature via phase measurement,” Opt. Commun. 241, 409-418 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chou, M.-H.

Colombeau, B.

Dorrer, C.

Fejer, M. M.

Froehly, C.

Gauglitz, G.

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators B 54, 3-15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Guo, J.

Ho, H. P.

H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, S. Y. Wu, X. H. Liu, S. P. Wong, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, “Phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor using the photoelastic modulation technique,” Sens. Actuators B 114, 80-84 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Homola, J.

J. Homola, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors for detection of chemical and biological species,” Chem. Rev. 108, 462-493 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators B 54, 3-15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ina, H.

Jen, S. U.

H. P. Chiang, H. T. Yeh, C. M. Chen, J. C. Wu, S. Y. Su, R. Chang, Y. J. Wu, D. P. Tsai, S. U. Jen, and P. T. Leung, “Surface plasmon resonance monitoring of temperature via phase measurement,” Opt. Commun. 241, 409-418 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jian, Z.-C.

C.-M. Wu, Z.-C. Jian, S.-F. Joe, and L.-B. Chang, “High-sensitivity sensor based on surface plasmon resonance and heterodyne interferometry,” Sens. Actuators B 92, 133-136(2003).
[CrossRef]

Joe, S.-F.

C.-M. Wu, Z.-C. Jian, S.-F. Joe, and L.-B. Chang, “High-sensitivity sensor based on surface plasmon resonance and heterodyne interferometry,” Sens. Actuators B 92, 133-136(2003).
[CrossRef]

Joffre, M.

Johnston, K. S.

S. G. Nelson, K. S. Johnston, and S. S. Yee, “High sensitivity surface plasmon resonance sensor based on phase detection,” Sens. Actuators B 35-36, 187-191 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kabashin, A. V.

A. V. Kabashin and P. I. Nikitin, “Surface plasmon resonance interferometer for bio- and chemical- sensors,” Opt. Commun. 150, 5-8 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, S.

Kochergin, V. E.

P. I. Nikitin, A. A. Beloglazov, V. E. Kochergin, M. V. Valeiko, and T. I. Ksenevich, “Surface plasmon resonance interferometry for biological and chemical sensing,” Sens. Actuators B 54, 43-50 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kong, S. K.

H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, S. Y. Wu, X. H. Liu, S. P. Wong, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, “Phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor using the photoelastic modulation technique,” Sens. Actuators B 114, 80-84 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ksenevich, T. I.

P. I. Nikitin, A. A. Beloglazov, V. E. Kochergin, M. V. Valeiko, and T. I. Ksenevich, “Surface plasmon resonance interferometry for biological and chemical sensing,” Sens. Actuators B 54, 43-50 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Law, W. C.

H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, S. Y. Wu, X. H. Liu, S. P. Wong, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, “Phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor using the photoelastic modulation technique,” Sens. Actuators B 114, 80-84 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lepetit, L.

Leung, P. T.

H. P. Chiang, H. T. Yeh, C. M. Chen, J. C. Wu, S. Y. Su, R. Chang, Y. J. Wu, D. P. Tsai, S. U. Jen, and P. T. Leung, “Surface plasmon resonance monitoring of temperature via phase measurement,” Opt. Commun. 241, 409-418 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Likforman, J.-P.

Lin, C.

H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, S. Y. Wu, X. H. Liu, S. P. Wong, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, “Phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor using the photoelastic modulation technique,” Sens. Actuators B 114, 80-84 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, S. G.

Liu, T.

Liu, X. H.

H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, S. Y. Wu, X. H. Liu, S. P. Wong, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, “Phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor using the photoelastic modulation technique,” Sens. Actuators B 114, 80-84 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, S. G.

S. G. Nelson, K. S. Johnston, and S. S. Yee, “High sensitivity surface plasmon resonance sensor based on phase detection,” Sens. Actuators B 35-36, 187-191 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nikitin, P. I.

P. I. Nikitin, A. A. Beloglazov, V. E. Kochergin, M. V. Valeiko, and T. I. Ksenevich, “Surface plasmon resonance interferometry for biological and chemical sensing,” Sens. Actuators B 54, 43-50 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Kabashin and P. I. Nikitin, “Surface plasmon resonance interferometer for bio- and chemical- sensors,” Opt. Commun. 150, 5-8 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Parameswaran, K. R.

Piasecki, J.

Raether, H.

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1988).

Ran, B.

Salin, F.

Shen, S.

Su, S. Y.

H. P. Chiang, H. T. Yeh, C. M. Chen, J. C. Wu, S. Y. Su, R. Chang, Y. J. Wu, D. P. Tsai, S. U. Jen, and P. T. Leung, “Surface plasmon resonance monitoring of temperature via phase measurement,” Opt. Commun. 241, 409-418 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Takeda, M.

Tsai, D. P.

H. P. Chiang, H. T. Yeh, C. M. Chen, J. C. Wu, S. Y. Su, R. Chang, Y. J. Wu, D. P. Tsai, S. U. Jen, and P. T. Leung, “Surface plasmon resonance monitoring of temperature via phase measurement,” Opt. Commun. 241, 409-418 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Valeiko, M. V.

P. I. Nikitin, A. A. Beloglazov, V. E. Kochergin, M. V. Valeiko, and T. I. Ksenevich, “Surface plasmon resonance interferometry for biological and chemical sensing,” Sens. Actuators B 54, 43-50 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vampouille, M.

Weber, M. J.

M. J. Weber, Handbook of Optical Materials (CRC Press, 2003).

Weiner, A. M.

Wong, S. P.

H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, S. Y. Wu, X. H. Liu, S. P. Wong, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, “Phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor using the photoelastic modulation technique,” Sens. Actuators B 114, 80-84 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wu, C.-M.

C.-M. Wu, Z.-C. Jian, S.-F. Joe, and L.-B. Chang, “High-sensitivity sensor based on surface plasmon resonance and heterodyne interferometry,” Sens. Actuators B 92, 133-136(2003).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J. C.

H. P. Chiang, H. T. Yeh, C. M. Chen, J. C. Wu, S. Y. Su, R. Chang, Y. J. Wu, D. P. Tsai, S. U. Jen, and P. T. Leung, “Surface plasmon resonance monitoring of temperature via phase measurement,” Opt. Commun. 241, 409-418 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S. Y.

H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, S. Y. Wu, X. H. Liu, S. P. Wong, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, “Phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor using the photoelastic modulation technique,” Sens. Actuators B 114, 80-84 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Y. J.

H. P. Chiang, H. T. Yeh, C. M. Chen, J. C. Wu, S. Y. Su, R. Chang, Y. J. Wu, D. P. Tsai, S. U. Jen, and P. T. Leung, “Surface plasmon resonance monitoring of temperature via phase measurement,” Opt. Commun. 241, 409-418 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yee, S. S.

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators B 54, 3-15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Nelson, K. S. Johnston, and S. S. Yee, “High sensitivity surface plasmon resonance sensor based on phase detection,” Sens. Actuators B 35-36, 187-191 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, H. T.

H. P. Chiang, H. T. Yeh, C. M. Chen, J. C. Wu, S. Y. Su, R. Chang, Y. J. Wu, D. P. Tsai, S. U. Jen, and P. T. Leung, “Surface plasmon resonance monitoring of temperature via phase measurement,” Opt. Commun. 241, 409-418 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Z.

Appl. Opt.

Chem. Rev.

J. Homola, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors for detection of chemical and biological species,” Chem. Rev. 108, 462-493 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Commun.

A. V. Kabashin and P. I. Nikitin, “Surface plasmon resonance interferometer for bio- and chemical- sensors,” Opt. Commun. 150, 5-8 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Chiang, H. T. Yeh, C. M. Chen, J. C. Wu, S. Y. Su, R. Chang, Y. J. Wu, D. P. Tsai, S. U. Jen, and P. T. Leung, “Surface plasmon resonance monitoring of temperature via phase measurement,” Opt. Commun. 241, 409-418 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Sens. Actuators B

H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, S. Y. Wu, X. H. Liu, S. P. Wong, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, “Phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor using the photoelastic modulation technique,” Sens. Actuators B 114, 80-84 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Nelson, K. S. Johnston, and S. S. Yee, “High sensitivity surface plasmon resonance sensor based on phase detection,” Sens. Actuators B 35-36, 187-191 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C.-M. Wu, Z.-C. Jian, S.-F. Joe, and L.-B. Chang, “High-sensitivity sensor based on surface plasmon resonance and heterodyne interferometry,” Sens. Actuators B 92, 133-136(2003).
[CrossRef]

P. I. Nikitin, A. A. Beloglazov, V. E. Kochergin, M. V. Valeiko, and T. I. Ksenevich, “Surface plasmon resonance interferometry for biological and chemical sensing,” Sens. Actuators B 54, 43-50 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators B 54, 3-15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1988).

M. J. Weber, Handbook of Optical Materials (CRC Press, 2003).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the SPR sensing system based on spectral interferometry.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured SPR intensity responses for three saline solution concentrations: 1.8%, 1.9%, and 2.0%. Dashed line: theoretical calculation.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Measured spectral interferogram for the 1.9% saline solution. (b) SPR phase response retrieved from (a).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

SPR phase responses under different saline concentrations (dashed lines, experimental data; solid line, theoretical calculations).

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P = 1 2 [ 1 1 ] E in ( ω ) ,
AN = 1 2 [ 1 1 1 1 ] .
D = [ e j ϕ D ( ω ) / 2 0 0 e j ϕ D ( ω ) / 2 ] ,
SPR = [ r P ( ω ) e j ϕ P , SPR ( ω ) 0 0 r S ( ω ) e j ϕ S , SPR ( ω ) ] ,
E out ( ω ) = AN · SPR · D · P = 1 2 2 { r P ( ω ) e j ( ϕ P ( ω ) + ϕ D ( ω ) 2 ) + r S ( ω ) e j ( ϕ S ( ω ) ϕ D ( ω ) 2 ) } · [ 1 1 ] E i n ( ω ) .
S ( ω ) = 1 4 [ r P 2 ( ω ) + r S 2 ( ω ) ] | E in ( ω ) | 2 + r P ( ω ) r S ( ω ) | E in ( ω ) | 2 cos [ ω τ + ϕ S P ( ω ) ] .
S ( ω ) = 1 4 [ r P 2 ( ω ) + r S 2 ( ω ) ] | E in ( ω ) | 2 + 1 2 r P ( ω ) r S ( ω ) | E in ( ω ) | 2 ( exp { i [ ϕ S P ( ω ) + ω τ ] } + exp { i [ ϕ S P ( ω ) + ω τ ] } ) ,
k sample = 1.37 × 10 4 1.117 × 10 6 × ( λ λ 0 ) ,

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