Abstract

We describe the wavelength calibration method of a narrowband laser diode in continuous-wave (CW) cavity ringdown spectroscopy (CRDS). The method uses known spectral lines as wavelength markers to calibrate and refine the wavelength-current relation of laser diodes, and their spectral positions are taken directly from the HITRAN 2004 database. We built a compact CW CRDS apparatus with a 1.517μm (6594cm1) distributed feedback (DFB) laser diode as the light source and a 25cm long glass ceramic as the cavity in which to demonstrate the method. A wavelength precision of 0.8×103cm1 was obtained by comparing the HITRAN 2004 database, which was approximately four times more precise than that of the conventional method.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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2008 (1)

E. R. Crosson, “A cavity ring-down analyzer for measuring atmospheric levels of methane, carbon dioxide, and water vapor,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 403-408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (7)

C. Ramos and P. J. Dagdigian, “Detection of vapors of explosives and explosive-related compounds by ultraviolet cavity ringdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 46, 620-627 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. N. Mikhailenko, W. Le, S. Kassi, and A. Campargue, “Weak water absorption lines around 1.455 and 1.66 μm by CW-CRDS,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 244, 170-178 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. W. Liu, S. Kassi, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of CH4 in the 1.55 μm transparency window,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 447, 16-20 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhao, X. Gao, L. Hao, M. Huang, T. Huang, T. Wu, W. Zhang, and W. Chen, “Use of integrated cavity output spectroscopy for studying gas phase chemistry in a smog chamber: characterizing the photolysis of methyl nitrite (CH3ONO),” Vib. Spectrosc. 44, 388-393 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhao, X. Gao, L. Deng, T. Huang, T. Wu, and W. Zhang, “Absorption spectroscopy of formaldehyde at 1.573 μm,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 107, 331-339 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. W. Liu, S. Kassi, P. Malara, D. Romanini, V. I. Perevalov, S. A. Tashkun, S. M. Hu, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of N2O near 1.5 μm (I),” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 244, 33-47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. D. Nation, A. Q. Howard, and L. J. Webb, “Modeling biological fluorescence emission spectra using Lorentz line shapes and nonlinear optimization,” Appl. Opt. 46, 6192-6195 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

Y. He and B. J. Orr, “Continuous-wave cavity ringdown absorption spectroscopy with a swept-frequency laser: rapid spectral sensing of gas-phase molecules,” Appl. Opt. 44, 6752-6761 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. -M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. -Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

P. Macko, D. Romanini, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, S. Kassi, A. Jenouvrier, Vl. G. Tyuterev, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of water in the region of the 1.5 μm atmospheric window,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 227, 90-108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

G. Durry and G. Megie, “In situ measurements of H2O from a stratospheric balloon by diode laser direct-differential absorption spectroscopy at 1.39 μm,” Appl. Opt. 39, 5601-5608 (2000)
[CrossRef]

G. Berden, R. Peeters, and G. Meijer, “Cavity ring-down spectroscopy: experimental schemes and applications,” Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 19, 565-607 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, J. Morville, and M. Chenevier, “Measurement of trace gases by diode laser cavity ringdown spectroscopy,” Proc. SPIE 3821, 94-104 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, N. Sadeghi, and F. Stoeckel, “CW cavity ring down spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 264, 316-322 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, and F. Stoeckel, “Diode laser cavity ring down spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 270, 538-545 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1988 (1)

A. O'Keefe and D. A. G. Deacon, “Cavity ring-down optical spectrometer for absorption measurements using pulsed laser sources,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 2544-2552 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

Anderson, D. Z.

Auwera, J. Vander

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. -M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. -Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Barbe, A.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. -M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. -Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Benner, D. C.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. -M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. -Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Berden, G.

G. Berden, R. Peeters, and G. Meijer, “Cavity ring-down spectroscopy: experimental schemes and applications,” Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 19, 565-607 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Birk, M.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. -M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. -Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Brown, L. R.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. -M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. -Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Campargue, A.

A. W. Liu, S. Kassi, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of CH4 in the 1.55 μm transparency window,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 447, 16-20 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. N. Mikhailenko, W. Le, S. Kassi, and A. Campargue, “Weak water absorption lines around 1.455 and 1.66 μm by CW-CRDS,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 244, 170-178 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. W. Liu, S. Kassi, P. Malara, D. Romanini, V. I. Perevalov, S. A. Tashkun, S. M. Hu, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of N2O near 1.5 μm (I),” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 244, 33-47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Macko, D. Romanini, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, S. Kassi, A. Jenouvrier, Vl. G. Tyuterev, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of water in the region of the 1.5 μm atmospheric window,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 227, 90-108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Carleer, M. R.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. -M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. -Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chackerian, C.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. -M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. -Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chance, K.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. -M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. -Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W.

W. Zhao, X. Gao, L. Hao, M. Huang, T. Huang, T. Wu, W. Zhang, and W. Chen, “Use of integrated cavity output spectroscopy for studying gas phase chemistry in a smog chamber: characterizing the photolysis of methyl nitrite (CH3ONO),” Vib. Spectrosc. 44, 388-393 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chenevier, M.

D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, J. Morville, and M. Chenevier, “Measurement of trace gases by diode laser cavity ringdown spectroscopy,” Proc. SPIE 3821, 94-104 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Coudert, L. H.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. -M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. -Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Crosson, E. R.

E. R. Crosson, “A cavity ring-down analyzer for measuring atmospheric levels of methane, carbon dioxide, and water vapor,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 403-408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dagdigian, P. J.

Dana, V.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. -M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. -Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Deacon, D. A. G.

A. O'Keefe and D. A. G. Deacon, “Cavity ring-down optical spectrometer for absorption measurements using pulsed laser sources,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 2544-2552 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Demtröder, W.

W. Demtröder, Laser Spectroscopy: Basic Concepts and Instrumentation, 3rd ed. (Springer-Verlag, 2003).

Deng, L.

W. Zhao, X. Gao, L. Deng, T. Huang, T. Wu, and W. Zhang, “Absorption spectroscopy of formaldehyde at 1.573 μm,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 107, 331-339 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Devi, V. M.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. -M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. -Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Durry, G.

Flaud, J. -M.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. -M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. -Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Frisch, J. C.

Gamache, R. R.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. -M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. -Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gao, X.

W. Zhao, X. Gao, L. Deng, T. Huang, T. Wu, and W. Zhang, “Absorption spectroscopy of formaldehyde at 1.573 μm,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 107, 331-339 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhao, X. Gao, L. Hao, M. Huang, T. Huang, T. Wu, W. Zhang, and W. Chen, “Use of integrated cavity output spectroscopy for studying gas phase chemistry in a smog chamber: characterizing the photolysis of methyl nitrite (CH3ONO),” Vib. Spectrosc. 44, 388-393 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Goldman, A.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. -M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. -Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hao, L.

W. Zhao, X. Gao, L. Hao, M. Huang, T. Huang, T. Wu, W. Zhang, and W. Chen, “Use of integrated cavity output spectroscopy for studying gas phase chemistry in a smog chamber: characterizing the photolysis of methyl nitrite (CH3ONO),” Vib. Spectrosc. 44, 388-393 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hartmann, J. M.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. -M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. -Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

He, Y.

Howard, A. Q.

Hu, S. M.

A. W. Liu, S. Kassi, P. Malara, D. Romanini, V. I. Perevalov, S. A. Tashkun, S. M. Hu, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of N2O near 1.5 μm (I),” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 244, 33-47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Huang, M.

W. Zhao, X. Gao, L. Hao, M. Huang, T. Huang, T. Wu, W. Zhang, and W. Chen, “Use of integrated cavity output spectroscopy for studying gas phase chemistry in a smog chamber: characterizing the photolysis of methyl nitrite (CH3ONO),” Vib. Spectrosc. 44, 388-393 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Huang, T.

W. Zhao, X. Gao, L. Hao, M. Huang, T. Huang, T. Wu, W. Zhang, and W. Chen, “Use of integrated cavity output spectroscopy for studying gas phase chemistry in a smog chamber: characterizing the photolysis of methyl nitrite (CH3ONO),” Vib. Spectrosc. 44, 388-393 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhao, X. Gao, L. Deng, T. Huang, T. Wu, and W. Zhang, “Absorption spectroscopy of formaldehyde at 1.573 μm,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 107, 331-339 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jacquemart, D.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. -M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. -Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jenouvrier, A.

P. Macko, D. Romanini, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, S. Kassi, A. Jenouvrier, Vl. G. Tyuterev, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of water in the region of the 1.5 μm atmospheric window,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 227, 90-108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jucks, K. W.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. -M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. -Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kachanov, A. A.

D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, J. Morville, and M. Chenevier, “Measurement of trace gases by diode laser cavity ringdown spectroscopy,” Proc. SPIE 3821, 94-104 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, and F. Stoeckel, “Diode laser cavity ring down spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 270, 538-545 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, N. Sadeghi, and F. Stoeckel, “CW cavity ring down spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 264, 316-322 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kassi, S.

S. N. Mikhailenko, W. Le, S. Kassi, and A. Campargue, “Weak water absorption lines around 1.455 and 1.66 μm by CW-CRDS,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 244, 170-178 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. W. Liu, S. Kassi, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of CH4 in the 1.55 μm transparency window,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 447, 16-20 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. W. Liu, S. Kassi, P. Malara, D. Romanini, V. I. Perevalov, S. A. Tashkun, S. M. Hu, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of N2O near 1.5 μm (I),” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 244, 33-47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Macko, D. Romanini, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, S. Kassi, A. Jenouvrier, Vl. G. Tyuterev, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of water in the region of the 1.5 μm atmospheric window,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 227, 90-108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, “Coupling and conversion coefficients for optical modes,” in Proceedings of the Symposium on Quasi-Optics, Vol. 14 of the Microwave Research Institute Symposia Series (Polytechnic Press, 1964), pp. 333-345.

Le, W.

S. N. Mikhailenko, W. Le, S. Kassi, and A. Campargue, “Weak water absorption lines around 1.455 and 1.66 μm by CW-CRDS,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 244, 170-178 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, A. W.

A. W. Liu, S. Kassi, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of CH4 in the 1.55 μm transparency window,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 447, 16-20 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. W. Liu, S. Kassi, P. Malara, D. Romanini, V. I. Perevalov, S. A. Tashkun, S. M. Hu, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of N2O near 1.5 μm (I),” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 244, 33-47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Macko, P.

P. Macko, D. Romanini, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, S. Kassi, A. Jenouvrier, Vl. G. Tyuterev, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of water in the region of the 1.5 μm atmospheric window,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 227, 90-108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Maki, A. G.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. -M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. -Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Malara, P.

A. W. Liu, S. Kassi, P. Malara, D. Romanini, V. I. Perevalov, S. A. Tashkun, S. M. Hu, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of N2O near 1.5 μm (I),” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 244, 33-47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mandin, J. -Y.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. -M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. -Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Masser, C. S.

Massie, S. T.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. -M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. -Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Megie, G.

Meijer, G.

G. Berden, R. Peeters, and G. Meijer, “Cavity ring-down spectroscopy: experimental schemes and applications,” Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 19, 565-607 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mikhailenko, S. N.

S. N. Mikhailenko, W. Le, S. Kassi, and A. Campargue, “Weak water absorption lines around 1.455 and 1.66 μm by CW-CRDS,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 244, 170-178 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Macko, D. Romanini, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, S. Kassi, A. Jenouvrier, Vl. G. Tyuterev, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of water in the region of the 1.5 μm atmospheric window,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 227, 90-108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Morville, J.

D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, J. Morville, and M. Chenevier, “Measurement of trace gases by diode laser cavity ringdown spectroscopy,” Proc. SPIE 3821, 94-104 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nation, P. D.

Naumenko, O. V.

P. Macko, D. Romanini, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, S. Kassi, A. Jenouvrier, Vl. G. Tyuterev, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of water in the region of the 1.5 μm atmospheric window,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 227, 90-108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

O'Keefe, A.

A. O'Keefe and D. A. G. Deacon, “Cavity ring-down optical spectrometer for absorption measurements using pulsed laser sources,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 2544-2552 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Orphal, J.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. -M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. -Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Orr, B. J.

Peeters, R.

G. Berden, R. Peeters, and G. Meijer, “Cavity ring-down spectroscopy: experimental schemes and applications,” Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 19, 565-607 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Perevalov, V. I.

A. W. Liu, S. Kassi, P. Malara, D. Romanini, V. I. Perevalov, S. A. Tashkun, S. M. Hu, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of N2O near 1.5 μm (I),” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 244, 33-47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Perrin, A.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. -M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. -Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ramos, C.

Rinsland, C. P.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. -M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. -Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Romanini, D.

A. W. Liu, S. Kassi, P. Malara, D. Romanini, V. I. Perevalov, S. A. Tashkun, S. M. Hu, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of N2O near 1.5 μm (I),” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 244, 33-47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Macko, D. Romanini, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, S. Kassi, A. Jenouvrier, Vl. G. Tyuterev, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of water in the region of the 1.5 μm atmospheric window,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 227, 90-108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, J. Morville, and M. Chenevier, “Measurement of trace gases by diode laser cavity ringdown spectroscopy,” Proc. SPIE 3821, 94-104 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, N. Sadeghi, and F. Stoeckel, “CW cavity ring down spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 264, 316-322 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, and F. Stoeckel, “Diode laser cavity ring down spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 270, 538-545 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rothman, L. S.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. -M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. -Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sadeghi, N.

D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, N. Sadeghi, and F. Stoeckel, “CW cavity ring down spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 264, 316-322 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Smith, M. A. H.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. -M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. -Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stoeckel, F.

D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, N. Sadeghi, and F. Stoeckel, “CW cavity ring down spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 264, 316-322 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, and F. Stoeckel, “Diode laser cavity ring down spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 270, 538-545 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tashkun, S. A.

A. W. Liu, S. Kassi, P. Malara, D. Romanini, V. I. Perevalov, S. A. Tashkun, S. M. Hu, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of N2O near 1.5 μm (I),” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 244, 33-47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tennyson, J.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. -M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. -Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tolchenov, R. N.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. -M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. -Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Toth, R. A.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. -M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. -Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Toth, “Extensive measurements of H216O line frequencies and strengths: 5750 to 7965 cm−1,” Appl. Opt. 33, 4851-4867 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tyuterev, Vl. G.

P. Macko, D. Romanini, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, S. Kassi, A. Jenouvrier, Vl. G. Tyuterev, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of water in the region of the 1.5 μm atmospheric window,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 227, 90-108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Varanasi, P.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. -M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. -Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, G.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. -M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. -Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Webb, L. J.

Wu, T.

W. Zhao, X. Gao, L. Deng, T. Huang, T. Wu, and W. Zhang, “Absorption spectroscopy of formaldehyde at 1.573 μm,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 107, 331-339 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhao, X. Gao, L. Hao, M. Huang, T. Huang, T. Wu, W. Zhang, and W. Chen, “Use of integrated cavity output spectroscopy for studying gas phase chemistry in a smog chamber: characterizing the photolysis of methyl nitrite (CH3ONO),” Vib. Spectrosc. 44, 388-393 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

W. Zhao, X. Gao, L. Hao, M. Huang, T. Huang, T. Wu, W. Zhang, and W. Chen, “Use of integrated cavity output spectroscopy for studying gas phase chemistry in a smog chamber: characterizing the photolysis of methyl nitrite (CH3ONO),” Vib. Spectrosc. 44, 388-393 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhao, X. Gao, L. Deng, T. Huang, T. Wu, and W. Zhang, “Absorption spectroscopy of formaldehyde at 1.573 μm,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 107, 331-339 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, W.

W. Zhao, X. Gao, L. Hao, M. Huang, T. Huang, T. Wu, W. Zhang, and W. Chen, “Use of integrated cavity output spectroscopy for studying gas phase chemistry in a smog chamber: characterizing the photolysis of methyl nitrite (CH3ONO),” Vib. Spectrosc. 44, 388-393 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhao, X. Gao, L. Deng, T. Huang, T. Wu, and W. Zhang, “Absorption spectroscopy of formaldehyde at 1.573 μm,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 107, 331-339 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (6)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

E. R. Crosson, “A cavity ring-down analyzer for measuring atmospheric levels of methane, carbon dioxide, and water vapor,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 403-408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (3)

D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, N. Sadeghi, and F. Stoeckel, “CW cavity ring down spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 264, 316-322 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. W. Liu, S. Kassi, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of CH4 in the 1.55 μm transparency window,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 447, 16-20 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, and F. Stoeckel, “Diode laser cavity ring down spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 270, 538-545 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. (1)

G. Berden, R. Peeters, and G. Meijer, “Cavity ring-down spectroscopy: experimental schemes and applications,” Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 19, 565-607 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Mol. Spectrosc. (3)

P. Macko, D. Romanini, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, S. Kassi, A. Jenouvrier, Vl. G. Tyuterev, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of water in the region of the 1.5 μm atmospheric window,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 227, 90-108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. N. Mikhailenko, W. Le, S. Kassi, and A. Campargue, “Weak water absorption lines around 1.455 and 1.66 μm by CW-CRDS,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 244, 170-178 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. W. Liu, S. Kassi, P. Malara, D. Romanini, V. I. Perevalov, S. A. Tashkun, S. M. Hu, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of N2O near 1.5 μm (I),” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 244, 33-47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (2)

W. Zhao, X. Gao, L. Deng, T. Huang, T. Wu, and W. Zhang, “Absorption spectroscopy of formaldehyde at 1.573 μm,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 107, 331-339 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. -M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. -Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, J. Morville, and M. Chenevier, “Measurement of trace gases by diode laser cavity ringdown spectroscopy,” Proc. SPIE 3821, 94-104 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

A. O'Keefe and D. A. G. Deacon, “Cavity ring-down optical spectrometer for absorption measurements using pulsed laser sources,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 2544-2552 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Vib. Spectrosc. (1)

W. Zhao, X. Gao, L. Hao, M. Huang, T. Huang, T. Wu, W. Zhang, and W. Chen, “Use of integrated cavity output spectroscopy for studying gas phase chemistry in a smog chamber: characterizing the photolysis of methyl nitrite (CH3ONO),” Vib. Spectrosc. 44, 388-393 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

W. Demtröder, Laser Spectroscopy: Basic Concepts and Instrumentation, 3rd ed. (Springer-Verlag, 2003).

H. Kogelnik, “Coupling and conversion coefficients for optical modes,” in Proceedings of the Symposium on Quasi-Optics, Vol. 14 of the Microwave Research Institute Symposia Series (Polytechnic Press, 1964), pp. 333-345.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup for CW CRDS: 1, optical isolator; 2, fiber collimator; 3, piezoelectric transducer; 4, low loss cavity; 5, detector; 6, DFB laser; 7, driver circuit; 8, comparator and trigger circuit; 9, peak detector; 10, ADC and computer; 11, wavemeter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Wavelength–current relation of the DFB laser calibrated by a wavemeter and CW CRDS spectrum of the empty cavity obtained at 10 3 Torr . (a) Laser wavelength at an operating temperature of 15 ° C versus DFB laser currents. The points represent the data; the dotted curve represents the results of a second polynomial function to fit the data. (b) CW CRDS spectrum of the empty cavity obtained at 6594.3 6595.5 cm 1 , and a spectral line of H 2 O at 6595.078 cm 1 is clearly visible.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

CW CRDS spectrum of different gaseous species versus the laser wavelength calibrated by a wavemeter. (a) Measured spectrum of N 2 O at a pressure of 0.075 Torr and (b) a mixture of gases at a pressure of 5.4 Torr . Also plotted are their positions that were obtained from the HITRAN 2004 database.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Wavelength–current relation of the DFB laser calibrated by the developed method and its calibration precision evaluated with the measured spectral lines of N 2 O . (a) The points represent the data and the solid curve represents the result of a multinomial function to fit the data. (b) CW CRDS spectrum of the N 2 O molecule plotted at different wavelength calibration methods. Also plotted are the spectral positions provided by the HITRAN 2004 database.

Tables (2)

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Table 1 Twelve Spectral Lines of Mixture Gases Employed as Wavelength Markers a

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Table 2 Spectral Positions of Four Lines of N 2 O Calibrated by Different Methods a

Equations (5)

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τ ( v ) = L c · [ δ 0 + α ( v ) · L ] ,
α ( v ) = 1 c · τ ( v ) 1 c · τ 0 ( v ) .
α ( v ) = N S γ ln 2 π exp [ ( v v 0 ) 2 ln 2 γ 2 ] ,
λ = 6595 . 69965 0. 010544 × i 0 . 000080619 × i 2 ,
λ = 6595 . 7510 0 . 01027 × i 0 . 00008451 × i 2 ,

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