Abstract

We demonstrate an opto-optical gain-clamped L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier by manipulating the C-band lasing wavelength as the control signal. The L-band gain-clamped value is achieved by tuning the control laser in the C-band wavelength range that propagates in the opposite direction to the L-band signal. Within the wavelength range of 1538nm and 1560nm, the L-band gain decreases linearly with the increment of the C-band lasing wavelength. The L-band gain dynamic range decreases with the increment of the cavity loss. By combining two different levels of cavity loss, the gain dynamic range of 10dB from 11dB to 21dB is achieved with an average noise figure of less than 5.9dB. The whole gain spectrum of the L-band can be used for multiple-channel amplification because the laser is created outside its signal band.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. H. Ono and M. Shimizu, “Analysis of gain dynamics of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers for wavelength-division-multiplexing networks,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 541-547 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. Yoshikawa, K. Okamura, E. Otani, T. Okaniwa, T. Uchino, M. Fukushima, and N. Kagi, “WDM burst mode signal amplification by cascaded EDFAs with transient control,” Opt. Express 14, 4650-4655 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. Zirngibl, “Gain control in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers by an all-optical feedback loop,” Electron. Lett. 27, 560-561(1991).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Dai, J-Y. Pan, and C. Lin, “All-optical gain control of in-line erbium-doped fiber amplifiers for hybrid analog/digital WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 737-739 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. C. Liang and S. Hsu, “All-optical gain-clamped L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier with two feedback-loop lasing wavelengths,” Opt. Eng. 44, 115001 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Hsu, T-C. Liang, and Y-K. Chen, “Optimal design of optically gain-clamped L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 196, 149-157 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. W. Harun, S. K. Low, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, “Gain clamping in L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier using a fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 293-296(2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. W. Harun, N. Tamchek, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, “Gain clamping in two-stage L-band EDFA using a broadband FBG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 422-424 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Hsu and T-C. Liang, “The L-band EDFA of high clamped gain and low noise figure implemented using fiber Bragg grating and double-pass method,” Opt. Commun. 281, 1134-1139(2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. A. Mahdi and H. Ahmad, “Long wavelength-band Er3+-doped fiber amplifier incorporating a ring-laser as a seed signal generator,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 7, 59-63 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Hwang and K. Cho, “Gain tilt control of L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier by using a 1550 nm band light injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1070-1072 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  12. E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Principles and Applications (Wiley, 1994).

2008 (1)

S. Hsu and T-C. Liang, “The L-band EDFA of high clamped gain and low noise figure implemented using fiber Bragg grating and double-pass method,” Opt. Commun. 281, 1134-1139(2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

T. C. Liang and S. Hsu, “All-optical gain-clamped L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier with two feedback-loop lasing wavelengths,” Opt. Eng. 44, 115001 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

S. W. Harun, N. Tamchek, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, “Gain clamping in two-stage L-band EDFA using a broadband FBG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 422-424 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

H. Ono and M. Shimizu, “Analysis of gain dynamics of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers for wavelength-division-multiplexing networks,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 541-547 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

S. W. Harun, S. K. Low, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, “Gain clamping in L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier using a fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 293-296(2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

M. A. Mahdi and H. Ahmad, “Long wavelength-band Er3+-doped fiber amplifier incorporating a ring-laser as a seed signal generator,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 7, 59-63 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Hwang and K. Cho, “Gain tilt control of L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier by using a 1550 nm band light injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1070-1072 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Hsu, T-C. Liang, and Y-K. Chen, “Optimal design of optically gain-clamped L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 196, 149-157 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

H. Dai, J-Y. Pan, and C. Lin, “All-optical gain control of in-line erbium-doped fiber amplifiers for hybrid analog/digital WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 737-739 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

M. Zirngibl, “Gain control in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers by an all-optical feedback loop,” Electron. Lett. 27, 560-561(1991).
[CrossRef]

Ahmad, H.

S. W. Harun, N. Tamchek, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, “Gain clamping in two-stage L-band EDFA using a broadband FBG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 422-424 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Harun, S. K. Low, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, “Gain clamping in L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier using a fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 293-296(2002).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Mahdi and H. Ahmad, “Long wavelength-band Er3+-doped fiber amplifier incorporating a ring-laser as a seed signal generator,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 7, 59-63 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y-K.

S. Hsu, T-C. Liang, and Y-K. Chen, “Optimal design of optically gain-clamped L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 196, 149-157 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cho, K.

S. Hwang and K. Cho, “Gain tilt control of L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier by using a 1550 nm band light injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1070-1072 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dai, H.

H. Dai, J-Y. Pan, and C. Lin, “All-optical gain control of in-line erbium-doped fiber amplifiers for hybrid analog/digital WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 737-739 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Desurvire, E.

E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Principles and Applications (Wiley, 1994).

Fukushima, M.

Harun, S. W.

S. W. Harun, N. Tamchek, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, “Gain clamping in two-stage L-band EDFA using a broadband FBG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 422-424 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Harun, S. K. Low, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, “Gain clamping in L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier using a fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 293-296(2002).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, S.

S. Hsu and T-C. Liang, “The L-band EDFA of high clamped gain and low noise figure implemented using fiber Bragg grating and double-pass method,” Opt. Commun. 281, 1134-1139(2008).
[CrossRef]

T. C. Liang and S. Hsu, “All-optical gain-clamped L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier with two feedback-loop lasing wavelengths,” Opt. Eng. 44, 115001 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Hsu, T-C. Liang, and Y-K. Chen, “Optimal design of optically gain-clamped L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 196, 149-157 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, S.

S. Hwang and K. Cho, “Gain tilt control of L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier by using a 1550 nm band light injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1070-1072 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kagi, N.

Liang, T. C.

T. C. Liang and S. Hsu, “All-optical gain-clamped L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier with two feedback-loop lasing wavelengths,” Opt. Eng. 44, 115001 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liang, T-C.

S. Hsu and T-C. Liang, “The L-band EDFA of high clamped gain and low noise figure implemented using fiber Bragg grating and double-pass method,” Opt. Commun. 281, 1134-1139(2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Hsu, T-C. Liang, and Y-K. Chen, “Optimal design of optically gain-clamped L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 196, 149-157 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

H. Dai, J-Y. Pan, and C. Lin, “All-optical gain control of in-line erbium-doped fiber amplifiers for hybrid analog/digital WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 737-739 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Low, S. K.

S. W. Harun, S. K. Low, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, “Gain clamping in L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier using a fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 293-296(2002).
[CrossRef]

Mahdi, M. A.

M. A. Mahdi and H. Ahmad, “Long wavelength-band Er3+-doped fiber amplifier incorporating a ring-laser as a seed signal generator,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 7, 59-63 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Okamura, K.

Okaniwa, T.

Ono, H.

H. Ono and M. Shimizu, “Analysis of gain dynamics of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers for wavelength-division-multiplexing networks,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 541-547 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Otani, E.

Pan, J-Y.

H. Dai, J-Y. Pan, and C. Lin, “All-optical gain control of in-line erbium-doped fiber amplifiers for hybrid analog/digital WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 737-739 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Poopalan, P.

S. W. Harun, N. Tamchek, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, “Gain clamping in two-stage L-band EDFA using a broadband FBG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 422-424 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Harun, S. K. Low, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, “Gain clamping in L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier using a fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 293-296(2002).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, M.

H. Ono and M. Shimizu, “Analysis of gain dynamics of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers for wavelength-division-multiplexing networks,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 541-547 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tamchek, N.

S. W. Harun, N. Tamchek, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, “Gain clamping in two-stage L-band EDFA using a broadband FBG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 422-424 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Uchino, T.

Yoshikawa, T.

Zirngibl, M.

M. Zirngibl, “Gain control in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers by an all-optical feedback loop,” Electron. Lett. 27, 560-561(1991).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Zirngibl, “Gain control in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers by an all-optical feedback loop,” Electron. Lett. 27, 560-561(1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. Ono and M. Shimizu, “Analysis of gain dynamics of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers for wavelength-division-multiplexing networks,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 541-547 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

M. A. Mahdi and H. Ahmad, “Long wavelength-band Er3+-doped fiber amplifier incorporating a ring-laser as a seed signal generator,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 7, 59-63 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

S. Hwang and K. Cho, “Gain tilt control of L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier by using a 1550 nm band light injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1070-1072 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Dai, J-Y. Pan, and C. Lin, “All-optical gain control of in-line erbium-doped fiber amplifiers for hybrid analog/digital WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 737-739 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Harun, S. K. Low, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, “Gain clamping in L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier using a fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 293-296(2002).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Harun, N. Tamchek, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, “Gain clamping in two-stage L-band EDFA using a broadband FBG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 422-424 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

S. Hsu and T-C. Liang, “The L-band EDFA of high clamped gain and low noise figure implemented using fiber Bragg grating and double-pass method,” Opt. Commun. 281, 1134-1139(2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Hsu, T-C. Liang, and Y-K. Chen, “Optimal design of optically gain-clamped L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 196, 149-157 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

T. C. Liang and S. Hsu, “All-optical gain-clamped L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier with two feedback-loop lasing wavelengths,” Opt. Eng. 44, 115001 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Other (1)

E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Principles and Applications (Wiley, 1994).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Architecture of opto-optical gain-clamped L-band EDFA.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

L-band signal gain performance with respect to the C-band lasing wavelength: (a) absolute gain and (b) gain compression.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Required C-band lasing wavelength to set the L-band gain.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

L-band signal performance of the proposed opto-optical gain-clamped EDFA: (a) gain and (b) noise figure.

Metrics