Abstract

We analyze the effect of anisoplanatic atmospheric turbulence on the measurement accuracy of an extended-source Hartmann-Shack wavefront sensor (HSWFS). We have numerically simulated an extended-source HSWFS, using a scenery of the solar surface that is imaged through anisoplanatic atmospheric turbulence and imaging optics. Solar extended-source HSWFSs often use cross-correlation algorithms in combination with subpixel shift finding algorithms to estimate the wavefront gradient, two of which were tested for their effect on the measurement accuracy. We find that the measurement error of an extended-source HSWFS is governed mainly by the optical geometry of the HSWFS, employed subpixel finding algorithm, and phase anisoplanatism. Our results show that effects of scintillation anisoplanatism are negligible when cross-correlation algorithms are used.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. R. Rimmele, “Recent advances in solar adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 34-46 (2004).
  2. T. R. Rimmele and R. R. Radick, “Solar adaptive optics at the National Solar Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 3353, 72-81 (1998).
  3. C. Denker, A. Tritschler, T. R. Rimmele, K. Richards, S. L. Hegwer, and F. Wöger, “Adaptive optics at the Big Bear Solar Observatory: instrument description and first observations,” Proc. Astron. Soc. Pac. 119, 170-182 (2007).
  4. O. von der Lühe, D. Soltau, T. Berkefeld, and T. Schelenz, “KAOS: adaptive optics system for the Vacuum Tower Telescope at Teide Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 4853, 187-193 (2003).
  5. D. Ren, S. L. Hegwer, T. Rimmele, L. V. Didkovsky, and P. R. Goode, “Optical design of high-order adaptive optics for the NSO Dunn Solar Telescope and the Big Bear Solar Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 4853, 593-599 (2003).
  6. G. B. Scharmer, P. M. Dettori, M. G. Lofdahl, and M. Shand, “Adaptive optics system for the new Swedish solar telescope,” Proc. SPIE 4853, 370-380 (2003).
  7. D. G. Sandler, H. Hyman, T. J. Brinkley, and D. H. Leslie, “MWIR adaptive optics system for imaging missile defense tests using the 3.7 m AEOS telescope,” Proc. SPIE 4091, 283-291 (2000).
  8. V. Michau, G. Rousset, and J.-C. Fontanella, “Wavefront sensing from extended sources,” in NSO/SP Summer Workshop Series (Real Time and Post Facto Solar Image Correction), No. 13, R.Raddick, ed. (National Solar Observatory, 1992), pp. 124-128.
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    [CrossRef]
  13. T. Rimmele, K. Richards, J. M. Roche, S. L. Hegwer, R. P. Hubbard, E. R. Hansen, B. Goodrich, and R. S. Upton, “The wavefront correction system for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope, Proc. SPIE 6272, 627212(2006).
  14. R. G. Lane, A. Glindemann, and J. C. Dainty, “Simulation of a Kolmogorov phase screen,” Waves Random Media 2, 209-224(1992).
    [CrossRef]
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  16. A. Tokovinin, J. Vernin, A. Ziad, and M. Chun, “Optical turbulence profiles at Mauna Kea measured by MASS and SCIDAR,” Proc. Astron. Soc. Pac. 117, 395-400 (2005).
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    [CrossRef]
  19. L. Poyneer, “Scene-based Shack-Hartmann wave-front sensing: analysis and simulation,” Appl. Opt. 42, 5807-5815(2003).
    [CrossRef]
  20. S. J. Thomas, S. Adkins, D. Gavel, T. Fusco, and V. Michau, “Study of optimal wavefront sensing with elongated laser guide stars,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 387, 173-187(2008).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. Marino, T. Rimmele, and J. Christou, “Long exposure point spread function estimation from adaptive optics loop data: validation and results,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62723W(2006).
  22. J.-P. Veran, F. Rigaut, H. Maitre, D. Rouan, “Estimation of the adaptive optics long-exposure point-spread function using control loop data,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 3057-3069 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (1)

S. J. Thomas, S. Adkins, D. Gavel, T. Fusco, and V. Michau, “Study of optimal wavefront sensing with elongated laser guide stars,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 387, 173-187(2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

C. Denker, A. Tritschler, T. R. Rimmele, K. Richards, S. L. Hegwer, and F. Wöger, “Adaptive optics at the Big Bear Solar Observatory: instrument description and first observations,” Proc. Astron. Soc. Pac. 119, 170-182 (2007).

N. Védrenne, V. Michau, C. Robert, and J.-M. Conan, “Shack-Hartmann wavefront estimation with extended sources: anisoplanatism influence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24, 2980-2993(2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (5)

V. Michau, J.-M. Conan, T. Fusco, M. Nicolle, C. Robert, M.-T. Velluet, and E. Piganeau, “Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensing with extended sources,” Proc. SPIE 6303, 63030B (2006).

J. Marino, T. Rimmele, and J. Christou, “Long exposure point spread function estimation from adaptive optics loop data: validation and results,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62723W(2006).

C. Robert, J.-M. Conan, V. Michau, T. Fusco, and N. Védrenne, “Scintillation and phase anisoplanatism in Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensing,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23, 613-624 (2006).

T. Rimmele, K. Richards, J. M. Roche, S. L. Hegwer, R. P. Hubbard, E. R. Hansen, B. Goodrich, and R. S. Upton, “The wavefront correction system for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope, Proc. SPIE 6272, 627212(2006).

F. Hill, J. Beckers, P. Brandt, J. Briggs, T. Brown, W. Brown, M. Collados, C. Denker, S. Fletcher, S. Hegwer, T. Horst, M. Komsa, J. Kuhn, A. Lecinski, H. Lin, S. Oncley, M. Penn, R. Radick, T. Rimmele, H. Socas-Navarro, and K. Streander, “Site testing for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 6267, 62671T (2006).

2005 (1)

A. Tokovinin, J. Vernin, A. Ziad, and M. Chun, “Optical turbulence profiles at Mauna Kea measured by MASS and SCIDAR,” Proc. Astron. Soc. Pac. 117, 395-400 (2005).

2004 (1)

T. R. Rimmele, “Recent advances in solar adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 34-46 (2004).

2003 (4)

O. von der Lühe, D. Soltau, T. Berkefeld, and T. Schelenz, “KAOS: adaptive optics system for the Vacuum Tower Telescope at Teide Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 4853, 187-193 (2003).

D. Ren, S. L. Hegwer, T. Rimmele, L. V. Didkovsky, and P. R. Goode, “Optical design of high-order adaptive optics for the NSO Dunn Solar Telescope and the Big Bear Solar Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 4853, 593-599 (2003).

G. B. Scharmer, P. M. Dettori, M. G. Lofdahl, and M. Shand, “Adaptive optics system for the new Swedish solar telescope,” Proc. SPIE 4853, 370-380 (2003).

L. Poyneer, “Scene-based Shack-Hartmann wave-front sensing: analysis and simulation,” Appl. Opt. 42, 5807-5815(2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

D. G. Sandler, H. Hyman, T. J. Brinkley, and D. H. Leslie, “MWIR adaptive optics system for imaging missile defense tests using the 3.7 m AEOS telescope,” Proc. SPIE 4091, 283-291 (2000).

1998 (1)

T. R. Rimmele and R. R. Radick, “Solar adaptive optics at the National Solar Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 3353, 72-81 (1998).

1997 (1)

1992 (1)

R. G. Lane, A. Glindemann, and J. C. Dainty, “Simulation of a Kolmogorov phase screen,” Waves Random Media 2, 209-224(1992).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

L. J. November and G. W. Simon, “Precise proper-motion measurement of solar granulation,” Astrophys. J. 333, 427-442(1988).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

O. von der Lühe, “A study of a tracking correlation method to improve imaging quality of ground-based solar telescopes,” Astron. Astrophys. 119, 85-94 (1983).

Adkins, S.

S. J. Thomas, S. Adkins, D. Gavel, T. Fusco, and V. Michau, “Study of optimal wavefront sensing with elongated laser guide stars,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 387, 173-187(2008).
[CrossRef]

Beckers, J.

F. Hill, J. Beckers, P. Brandt, J. Briggs, T. Brown, W. Brown, M. Collados, C. Denker, S. Fletcher, S. Hegwer, T. Horst, M. Komsa, J. Kuhn, A. Lecinski, H. Lin, S. Oncley, M. Penn, R. Radick, T. Rimmele, H. Socas-Navarro, and K. Streander, “Site testing for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 6267, 62671T (2006).

Berkefeld, T.

O. von der Lühe, D. Soltau, T. Berkefeld, and T. Schelenz, “KAOS: adaptive optics system for the Vacuum Tower Telescope at Teide Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 4853, 187-193 (2003).

Brandt, P.

F. Hill, J. Beckers, P. Brandt, J. Briggs, T. Brown, W. Brown, M. Collados, C. Denker, S. Fletcher, S. Hegwer, T. Horst, M. Komsa, J. Kuhn, A. Lecinski, H. Lin, S. Oncley, M. Penn, R. Radick, T. Rimmele, H. Socas-Navarro, and K. Streander, “Site testing for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 6267, 62671T (2006).

Briggs, J.

F. Hill, J. Beckers, P. Brandt, J. Briggs, T. Brown, W. Brown, M. Collados, C. Denker, S. Fletcher, S. Hegwer, T. Horst, M. Komsa, J. Kuhn, A. Lecinski, H. Lin, S. Oncley, M. Penn, R. Radick, T. Rimmele, H. Socas-Navarro, and K. Streander, “Site testing for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 6267, 62671T (2006).

Brinkley, T. J.

D. G. Sandler, H. Hyman, T. J. Brinkley, and D. H. Leslie, “MWIR adaptive optics system for imaging missile defense tests using the 3.7 m AEOS telescope,” Proc. SPIE 4091, 283-291 (2000).

Brown, T.

F. Hill, J. Beckers, P. Brandt, J. Briggs, T. Brown, W. Brown, M. Collados, C. Denker, S. Fletcher, S. Hegwer, T. Horst, M. Komsa, J. Kuhn, A. Lecinski, H. Lin, S. Oncley, M. Penn, R. Radick, T. Rimmele, H. Socas-Navarro, and K. Streander, “Site testing for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 6267, 62671T (2006).

Brown, W.

F. Hill, J. Beckers, P. Brandt, J. Briggs, T. Brown, W. Brown, M. Collados, C. Denker, S. Fletcher, S. Hegwer, T. Horst, M. Komsa, J. Kuhn, A. Lecinski, H. Lin, S. Oncley, M. Penn, R. Radick, T. Rimmele, H. Socas-Navarro, and K. Streander, “Site testing for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 6267, 62671T (2006).

Christou, J.

J. Marino, T. Rimmele, and J. Christou, “Long exposure point spread function estimation from adaptive optics loop data: validation and results,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62723W(2006).

Chun, M.

A. Tokovinin, J. Vernin, A. Ziad, and M. Chun, “Optical turbulence profiles at Mauna Kea measured by MASS and SCIDAR,” Proc. Astron. Soc. Pac. 117, 395-400 (2005).

Collados, M.

F. Hill, J. Beckers, P. Brandt, J. Briggs, T. Brown, W. Brown, M. Collados, C. Denker, S. Fletcher, S. Hegwer, T. Horst, M. Komsa, J. Kuhn, A. Lecinski, H. Lin, S. Oncley, M. Penn, R. Radick, T. Rimmele, H. Socas-Navarro, and K. Streander, “Site testing for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 6267, 62671T (2006).

Conan, J.-M.

Dainty, J. C.

R. G. Lane, A. Glindemann, and J. C. Dainty, “Simulation of a Kolmogorov phase screen,” Waves Random Media 2, 209-224(1992).
[CrossRef]

Denker, C.

C. Denker, A. Tritschler, T. R. Rimmele, K. Richards, S. L. Hegwer, and F. Wöger, “Adaptive optics at the Big Bear Solar Observatory: instrument description and first observations,” Proc. Astron. Soc. Pac. 119, 170-182 (2007).

F. Hill, J. Beckers, P. Brandt, J. Briggs, T. Brown, W. Brown, M. Collados, C. Denker, S. Fletcher, S. Hegwer, T. Horst, M. Komsa, J. Kuhn, A. Lecinski, H. Lin, S. Oncley, M. Penn, R. Radick, T. Rimmele, H. Socas-Navarro, and K. Streander, “Site testing for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 6267, 62671T (2006).

Dettori, P. M.

G. B. Scharmer, P. M. Dettori, M. G. Lofdahl, and M. Shand, “Adaptive optics system for the new Swedish solar telescope,” Proc. SPIE 4853, 370-380 (2003).

Didkovsky, L. V.

D. Ren, S. L. Hegwer, T. Rimmele, L. V. Didkovsky, and P. R. Goode, “Optical design of high-order adaptive optics for the NSO Dunn Solar Telescope and the Big Bear Solar Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 4853, 593-599 (2003).

Fletcher, S.

F. Hill, J. Beckers, P. Brandt, J. Briggs, T. Brown, W. Brown, M. Collados, C. Denker, S. Fletcher, S. Hegwer, T. Horst, M. Komsa, J. Kuhn, A. Lecinski, H. Lin, S. Oncley, M. Penn, R. Radick, T. Rimmele, H. Socas-Navarro, and K. Streander, “Site testing for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 6267, 62671T (2006).

Fontanella, J.-C.

V. Michau, G. Rousset, and J.-C. Fontanella, “Wavefront sensing from extended sources,” in NSO/SP Summer Workshop Series (Real Time and Post Facto Solar Image Correction), No. 13, R.Raddick, ed. (National Solar Observatory, 1992), pp. 124-128.

Fusco, T.

S. J. Thomas, S. Adkins, D. Gavel, T. Fusco, and V. Michau, “Study of optimal wavefront sensing with elongated laser guide stars,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 387, 173-187(2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Robert, J.-M. Conan, V. Michau, T. Fusco, and N. Védrenne, “Scintillation and phase anisoplanatism in Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensing,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23, 613-624 (2006).

V. Michau, J.-M. Conan, T. Fusco, M. Nicolle, C. Robert, M.-T. Velluet, and E. Piganeau, “Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensing with extended sources,” Proc. SPIE 6303, 63030B (2006).

Gavel, D.

S. J. Thomas, S. Adkins, D. Gavel, T. Fusco, and V. Michau, “Study of optimal wavefront sensing with elongated laser guide stars,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 387, 173-187(2008).
[CrossRef]

Glindemann, A.

R. G. Lane, A. Glindemann, and J. C. Dainty, “Simulation of a Kolmogorov phase screen,” Waves Random Media 2, 209-224(1992).
[CrossRef]

Goode, P. R.

D. Ren, S. L. Hegwer, T. Rimmele, L. V. Didkovsky, and P. R. Goode, “Optical design of high-order adaptive optics for the NSO Dunn Solar Telescope and the Big Bear Solar Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 4853, 593-599 (2003).

Goodrich, B.

T. Rimmele, K. Richards, J. M. Roche, S. L. Hegwer, R. P. Hubbard, E. R. Hansen, B. Goodrich, and R. S. Upton, “The wavefront correction system for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope, Proc. SPIE 6272, 627212(2006).

Hansen, E. R.

T. Rimmele, K. Richards, J. M. Roche, S. L. Hegwer, R. P. Hubbard, E. R. Hansen, B. Goodrich, and R. S. Upton, “The wavefront correction system for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope, Proc. SPIE 6272, 627212(2006).

Hegwer, S.

F. Hill, J. Beckers, P. Brandt, J. Briggs, T. Brown, W. Brown, M. Collados, C. Denker, S. Fletcher, S. Hegwer, T. Horst, M. Komsa, J. Kuhn, A. Lecinski, H. Lin, S. Oncley, M. Penn, R. Radick, T. Rimmele, H. Socas-Navarro, and K. Streander, “Site testing for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 6267, 62671T (2006).

Hegwer, S. L.

C. Denker, A. Tritschler, T. R. Rimmele, K. Richards, S. L. Hegwer, and F. Wöger, “Adaptive optics at the Big Bear Solar Observatory: instrument description and first observations,” Proc. Astron. Soc. Pac. 119, 170-182 (2007).

T. Rimmele, K. Richards, J. M. Roche, S. L. Hegwer, R. P. Hubbard, E. R. Hansen, B. Goodrich, and R. S. Upton, “The wavefront correction system for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope, Proc. SPIE 6272, 627212(2006).

D. Ren, S. L. Hegwer, T. Rimmele, L. V. Didkovsky, and P. R. Goode, “Optical design of high-order adaptive optics for the NSO Dunn Solar Telescope and the Big Bear Solar Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 4853, 593-599 (2003).

Hill, F.

F. Hill, J. Beckers, P. Brandt, J. Briggs, T. Brown, W. Brown, M. Collados, C. Denker, S. Fletcher, S. Hegwer, T. Horst, M. Komsa, J. Kuhn, A. Lecinski, H. Lin, S. Oncley, M. Penn, R. Radick, T. Rimmele, H. Socas-Navarro, and K. Streander, “Site testing for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 6267, 62671T (2006).

Horst, T.

F. Hill, J. Beckers, P. Brandt, J. Briggs, T. Brown, W. Brown, M. Collados, C. Denker, S. Fletcher, S. Hegwer, T. Horst, M. Komsa, J. Kuhn, A. Lecinski, H. Lin, S. Oncley, M. Penn, R. Radick, T. Rimmele, H. Socas-Navarro, and K. Streander, “Site testing for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 6267, 62671T (2006).

Hubbard, R. P.

T. Rimmele, K. Richards, J. M. Roche, S. L. Hegwer, R. P. Hubbard, E. R. Hansen, B. Goodrich, and R. S. Upton, “The wavefront correction system for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope, Proc. SPIE 6272, 627212(2006).

Hyman, H.

D. G. Sandler, H. Hyman, T. J. Brinkley, and D. H. Leslie, “MWIR adaptive optics system for imaging missile defense tests using the 3.7 m AEOS telescope,” Proc. SPIE 4091, 283-291 (2000).

Komsa, M.

F. Hill, J. Beckers, P. Brandt, J. Briggs, T. Brown, W. Brown, M. Collados, C. Denker, S. Fletcher, S. Hegwer, T. Horst, M. Komsa, J. Kuhn, A. Lecinski, H. Lin, S. Oncley, M. Penn, R. Radick, T. Rimmele, H. Socas-Navarro, and K. Streander, “Site testing for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 6267, 62671T (2006).

Kuhn, J.

F. Hill, J. Beckers, P. Brandt, J. Briggs, T. Brown, W. Brown, M. Collados, C. Denker, S. Fletcher, S. Hegwer, T. Horst, M. Komsa, J. Kuhn, A. Lecinski, H. Lin, S. Oncley, M. Penn, R. Radick, T. Rimmele, H. Socas-Navarro, and K. Streander, “Site testing for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 6267, 62671T (2006).

Lane, R. G.

R. G. Lane, A. Glindemann, and J. C. Dainty, “Simulation of a Kolmogorov phase screen,” Waves Random Media 2, 209-224(1992).
[CrossRef]

Lecinski, A.

F. Hill, J. Beckers, P. Brandt, J. Briggs, T. Brown, W. Brown, M. Collados, C. Denker, S. Fletcher, S. Hegwer, T. Horst, M. Komsa, J. Kuhn, A. Lecinski, H. Lin, S. Oncley, M. Penn, R. Radick, T. Rimmele, H. Socas-Navarro, and K. Streander, “Site testing for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 6267, 62671T (2006).

Leslie, D. H.

D. G. Sandler, H. Hyman, T. J. Brinkley, and D. H. Leslie, “MWIR adaptive optics system for imaging missile defense tests using the 3.7 m AEOS telescope,” Proc. SPIE 4091, 283-291 (2000).

Lin, H.

F. Hill, J. Beckers, P. Brandt, J. Briggs, T. Brown, W. Brown, M. Collados, C. Denker, S. Fletcher, S. Hegwer, T. Horst, M. Komsa, J. Kuhn, A. Lecinski, H. Lin, S. Oncley, M. Penn, R. Radick, T. Rimmele, H. Socas-Navarro, and K. Streander, “Site testing for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 6267, 62671T (2006).

Lofdahl, M. G.

G. B. Scharmer, P. M. Dettori, M. G. Lofdahl, and M. Shand, “Adaptive optics system for the new Swedish solar telescope,” Proc. SPIE 4853, 370-380 (2003).

Maitre, H.

Marino, J.

J. Marino, T. Rimmele, and J. Christou, “Long exposure point spread function estimation from adaptive optics loop data: validation and results,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62723W(2006).

Michau, V.

S. J. Thomas, S. Adkins, D. Gavel, T. Fusco, and V. Michau, “Study of optimal wavefront sensing with elongated laser guide stars,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 387, 173-187(2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Védrenne, V. Michau, C. Robert, and J.-M. Conan, “Shack-Hartmann wavefront estimation with extended sources: anisoplanatism influence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24, 2980-2993(2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Robert, J.-M. Conan, V. Michau, T. Fusco, and N. Védrenne, “Scintillation and phase anisoplanatism in Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensing,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23, 613-624 (2006).

V. Michau, J.-M. Conan, T. Fusco, M. Nicolle, C. Robert, M.-T. Velluet, and E. Piganeau, “Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensing with extended sources,” Proc. SPIE 6303, 63030B (2006).

V. Michau, G. Rousset, and J.-C. Fontanella, “Wavefront sensing from extended sources,” in NSO/SP Summer Workshop Series (Real Time and Post Facto Solar Image Correction), No. 13, R.Raddick, ed. (National Solar Observatory, 1992), pp. 124-128.

Nicolle, M.

V. Michau, J.-M. Conan, T. Fusco, M. Nicolle, C. Robert, M.-T. Velluet, and E. Piganeau, “Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensing with extended sources,” Proc. SPIE 6303, 63030B (2006).

November, L. J.

L. J. November and G. W. Simon, “Precise proper-motion measurement of solar granulation,” Astrophys. J. 333, 427-442(1988).
[CrossRef]

Oncley, S.

F. Hill, J. Beckers, P. Brandt, J. Briggs, T. Brown, W. Brown, M. Collados, C. Denker, S. Fletcher, S. Hegwer, T. Horst, M. Komsa, J. Kuhn, A. Lecinski, H. Lin, S. Oncley, M. Penn, R. Radick, T. Rimmele, H. Socas-Navarro, and K. Streander, “Site testing for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 6267, 62671T (2006).

Penn, M.

F. Hill, J. Beckers, P. Brandt, J. Briggs, T. Brown, W. Brown, M. Collados, C. Denker, S. Fletcher, S. Hegwer, T. Horst, M. Komsa, J. Kuhn, A. Lecinski, H. Lin, S. Oncley, M. Penn, R. Radick, T. Rimmele, H. Socas-Navarro, and K. Streander, “Site testing for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 6267, 62671T (2006).

Piganeau, E.

V. Michau, J.-M. Conan, T. Fusco, M. Nicolle, C. Robert, M.-T. Velluet, and E. Piganeau, “Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensing with extended sources,” Proc. SPIE 6303, 63030B (2006).

Poyneer, L.

Radick, R.

F. Hill, J. Beckers, P. Brandt, J. Briggs, T. Brown, W. Brown, M. Collados, C. Denker, S. Fletcher, S. Hegwer, T. Horst, M. Komsa, J. Kuhn, A. Lecinski, H. Lin, S. Oncley, M. Penn, R. Radick, T. Rimmele, H. Socas-Navarro, and K. Streander, “Site testing for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 6267, 62671T (2006).

Radick, R. R.

T. R. Rimmele and R. R. Radick, “Solar adaptive optics at the National Solar Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 3353, 72-81 (1998).

Ren, D.

D. Ren, S. L. Hegwer, T. Rimmele, L. V. Didkovsky, and P. R. Goode, “Optical design of high-order adaptive optics for the NSO Dunn Solar Telescope and the Big Bear Solar Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 4853, 593-599 (2003).

Richards, K.

C. Denker, A. Tritschler, T. R. Rimmele, K. Richards, S. L. Hegwer, and F. Wöger, “Adaptive optics at the Big Bear Solar Observatory: instrument description and first observations,” Proc. Astron. Soc. Pac. 119, 170-182 (2007).

T. Rimmele, K. Richards, J. M. Roche, S. L. Hegwer, R. P. Hubbard, E. R. Hansen, B. Goodrich, and R. S. Upton, “The wavefront correction system for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope, Proc. SPIE 6272, 627212(2006).

Rigaut, F.

Rimmele, T.

J. Marino, T. Rimmele, and J. Christou, “Long exposure point spread function estimation from adaptive optics loop data: validation and results,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62723W(2006).

T. Rimmele, K. Richards, J. M. Roche, S. L. Hegwer, R. P. Hubbard, E. R. Hansen, B. Goodrich, and R. S. Upton, “The wavefront correction system for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope, Proc. SPIE 6272, 627212(2006).

F. Hill, J. Beckers, P. Brandt, J. Briggs, T. Brown, W. Brown, M. Collados, C. Denker, S. Fletcher, S. Hegwer, T. Horst, M. Komsa, J. Kuhn, A. Lecinski, H. Lin, S. Oncley, M. Penn, R. Radick, T. Rimmele, H. Socas-Navarro, and K. Streander, “Site testing for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 6267, 62671T (2006).

D. Ren, S. L. Hegwer, T. Rimmele, L. V. Didkovsky, and P. R. Goode, “Optical design of high-order adaptive optics for the NSO Dunn Solar Telescope and the Big Bear Solar Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 4853, 593-599 (2003).

Rimmele, T. R.

C. Denker, A. Tritschler, T. R. Rimmele, K. Richards, S. L. Hegwer, and F. Wöger, “Adaptive optics at the Big Bear Solar Observatory: instrument description and first observations,” Proc. Astron. Soc. Pac. 119, 170-182 (2007).

T. R. Rimmele, “Recent advances in solar adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 34-46 (2004).

T. R. Rimmele and R. R. Radick, “Solar adaptive optics at the National Solar Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 3353, 72-81 (1998).

T. R. Rimmele, “Solar adaptive optics: conventional and multi-conjugate,” Proceedings of the 2005 AMOS Technical Conference (Maui Economic Development Board, 2005), p. 62723W.

Robert, C.

Roche, J. M.

T. Rimmele, K. Richards, J. M. Roche, S. L. Hegwer, R. P. Hubbard, E. R. Hansen, B. Goodrich, and R. S. Upton, “The wavefront correction system for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope, Proc. SPIE 6272, 627212(2006).

Rouan, D.

Rousset, G.

V. Michau, G. Rousset, and J.-C. Fontanella, “Wavefront sensing from extended sources,” in NSO/SP Summer Workshop Series (Real Time and Post Facto Solar Image Correction), No. 13, R.Raddick, ed. (National Solar Observatory, 1992), pp. 124-128.

Sandler, D. G.

D. G. Sandler, H. Hyman, T. J. Brinkley, and D. H. Leslie, “MWIR adaptive optics system for imaging missile defense tests using the 3.7 m AEOS telescope,” Proc. SPIE 4091, 283-291 (2000).

Scharmer, G. B.

G. B. Scharmer, P. M. Dettori, M. G. Lofdahl, and M. Shand, “Adaptive optics system for the new Swedish solar telescope,” Proc. SPIE 4853, 370-380 (2003).

Schelenz, T.

O. von der Lühe, D. Soltau, T. Berkefeld, and T. Schelenz, “KAOS: adaptive optics system for the Vacuum Tower Telescope at Teide Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 4853, 187-193 (2003).

Shand, M.

G. B. Scharmer, P. M. Dettori, M. G. Lofdahl, and M. Shand, “Adaptive optics system for the new Swedish solar telescope,” Proc. SPIE 4853, 370-380 (2003).

Simon, G. W.

L. J. November and G. W. Simon, “Precise proper-motion measurement of solar granulation,” Astrophys. J. 333, 427-442(1988).
[CrossRef]

Socas-Navarro, H.

F. Hill, J. Beckers, P. Brandt, J. Briggs, T. Brown, W. Brown, M. Collados, C. Denker, S. Fletcher, S. Hegwer, T. Horst, M. Komsa, J. Kuhn, A. Lecinski, H. Lin, S. Oncley, M. Penn, R. Radick, T. Rimmele, H. Socas-Navarro, and K. Streander, “Site testing for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 6267, 62671T (2006).

Soltau, D.

O. von der Lühe, D. Soltau, T. Berkefeld, and T. Schelenz, “KAOS: adaptive optics system for the Vacuum Tower Telescope at Teide Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 4853, 187-193 (2003).

Streander, K.

F. Hill, J. Beckers, P. Brandt, J. Briggs, T. Brown, W. Brown, M. Collados, C. Denker, S. Fletcher, S. Hegwer, T. Horst, M. Komsa, J. Kuhn, A. Lecinski, H. Lin, S. Oncley, M. Penn, R. Radick, T. Rimmele, H. Socas-Navarro, and K. Streander, “Site testing for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 6267, 62671T (2006).

Thomas, S. J.

S. J. Thomas, S. Adkins, D. Gavel, T. Fusco, and V. Michau, “Study of optimal wavefront sensing with elongated laser guide stars,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 387, 173-187(2008).
[CrossRef]

Tokovinin, A.

A. Tokovinin, J. Vernin, A. Ziad, and M. Chun, “Optical turbulence profiles at Mauna Kea measured by MASS and SCIDAR,” Proc. Astron. Soc. Pac. 117, 395-400 (2005).

Tritschler, A.

C. Denker, A. Tritschler, T. R. Rimmele, K. Richards, S. L. Hegwer, and F. Wöger, “Adaptive optics at the Big Bear Solar Observatory: instrument description and first observations,” Proc. Astron. Soc. Pac. 119, 170-182 (2007).

Upton, R. S.

T. Rimmele, K. Richards, J. M. Roche, S. L. Hegwer, R. P. Hubbard, E. R. Hansen, B. Goodrich, and R. S. Upton, “The wavefront correction system for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope, Proc. SPIE 6272, 627212(2006).

Védrenne, N.

Velluet, M.-T.

V. Michau, J.-M. Conan, T. Fusco, M. Nicolle, C. Robert, M.-T. Velluet, and E. Piganeau, “Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensing with extended sources,” Proc. SPIE 6303, 63030B (2006).

Veran, J.-P.

Vernin, J.

A. Tokovinin, J. Vernin, A. Ziad, and M. Chun, “Optical turbulence profiles at Mauna Kea measured by MASS and SCIDAR,” Proc. Astron. Soc. Pac. 117, 395-400 (2005).

von der Lühe, O.

O. von der Lühe, D. Soltau, T. Berkefeld, and T. Schelenz, “KAOS: adaptive optics system for the Vacuum Tower Telescope at Teide Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 4853, 187-193 (2003).

O. von der Lühe, “A study of a tracking correlation method to improve imaging quality of ground-based solar telescopes,” Astron. Astrophys. 119, 85-94 (1983).

Wöger, F.

C. Denker, A. Tritschler, T. R. Rimmele, K. Richards, S. L. Hegwer, and F. Wöger, “Adaptive optics at the Big Bear Solar Observatory: instrument description and first observations,” Proc. Astron. Soc. Pac. 119, 170-182 (2007).

Ziad, A.

A. Tokovinin, J. Vernin, A. Ziad, and M. Chun, “Optical turbulence profiles at Mauna Kea measured by MASS and SCIDAR,” Proc. Astron. Soc. Pac. 117, 395-400 (2005).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Astron. Astrophys. (1)

O. von der Lühe, “A study of a tracking correlation method to improve imaging quality of ground-based solar telescopes,” Astron. Astrophys. 119, 85-94 (1983).

Astrophys. J. (1)

L. J. November and G. W. Simon, “Precise proper-motion measurement of solar granulation,” Astrophys. J. 333, 427-442(1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (3)

Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. (1)

S. J. Thomas, S. Adkins, D. Gavel, T. Fusco, and V. Michau, “Study of optimal wavefront sensing with elongated laser guide stars,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 387, 173-187(2008).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Astron. Soc. Pac. (2)

A. Tokovinin, J. Vernin, A. Ziad, and M. Chun, “Optical turbulence profiles at Mauna Kea measured by MASS and SCIDAR,” Proc. Astron. Soc. Pac. 117, 395-400 (2005).

C. Denker, A. Tritschler, T. R. Rimmele, K. Richards, S. L. Hegwer, and F. Wöger, “Adaptive optics at the Big Bear Solar Observatory: instrument description and first observations,” Proc. Astron. Soc. Pac. 119, 170-182 (2007).

Proc. SPIE (10)

O. von der Lühe, D. Soltau, T. Berkefeld, and T. Schelenz, “KAOS: adaptive optics system for the Vacuum Tower Telescope at Teide Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 4853, 187-193 (2003).

D. Ren, S. L. Hegwer, T. Rimmele, L. V. Didkovsky, and P. R. Goode, “Optical design of high-order adaptive optics for the NSO Dunn Solar Telescope and the Big Bear Solar Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 4853, 593-599 (2003).

G. B. Scharmer, P. M. Dettori, M. G. Lofdahl, and M. Shand, “Adaptive optics system for the new Swedish solar telescope,” Proc. SPIE 4853, 370-380 (2003).

D. G. Sandler, H. Hyman, T. J. Brinkley, and D. H. Leslie, “MWIR adaptive optics system for imaging missile defense tests using the 3.7 m AEOS telescope,” Proc. SPIE 4091, 283-291 (2000).

T. Rimmele, K. Richards, J. M. Roche, S. L. Hegwer, R. P. Hubbard, E. R. Hansen, B. Goodrich, and R. S. Upton, “The wavefront correction system for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope, Proc. SPIE 6272, 627212(2006).

T. R. Rimmele, “Recent advances in solar adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 34-46 (2004).

T. R. Rimmele and R. R. Radick, “Solar adaptive optics at the National Solar Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 3353, 72-81 (1998).

V. Michau, J.-M. Conan, T. Fusco, M. Nicolle, C. Robert, M.-T. Velluet, and E. Piganeau, “Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensing with extended sources,” Proc. SPIE 6303, 63030B (2006).

F. Hill, J. Beckers, P. Brandt, J. Briggs, T. Brown, W. Brown, M. Collados, C. Denker, S. Fletcher, S. Hegwer, T. Horst, M. Komsa, J. Kuhn, A. Lecinski, H. Lin, S. Oncley, M. Penn, R. Radick, T. Rimmele, H. Socas-Navarro, and K. Streander, “Site testing for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 6267, 62671T (2006).

J. Marino, T. Rimmele, and J. Christou, “Long exposure point spread function estimation from adaptive optics loop data: validation and results,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62723W(2006).

Waves Random Media (1)

R. G. Lane, A. Glindemann, and J. C. Dainty, “Simulation of a Kolmogorov phase screen,” Waves Random Media 2, 209-224(1992).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

V. Michau, G. Rousset, and J.-C. Fontanella, “Wavefront sensing from extended sources,” in NSO/SP Summer Workshop Series (Real Time and Post Facto Solar Image Correction), No. 13, R.Raddick, ed. (National Solar Observatory, 1992), pp. 124-128.

T. R. Rimmele, “Solar adaptive optics: conventional and multi-conjugate,” Proceedings of the 2005 AMOS Technical Conference (Maui Economic Development Board, 2005), p. 62723W.

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