A detailed theoretical treatment of a one- (1D) and three-dimensional (3D) photothermal deflection (PTD) technique is presented. Important effects of the probe beam size occur in PTD experiments when the radius of this beam is of the order of magnitude of the thermal diffusion length. The calculation of this effect is checked by experiments in paraffin oil at low modulation frequency as well as for 1D and for 3D. In this last case, we have considered two kinds of deflection: normal and transverse, and we have studied their variation for different values of the pump beam radius. The coincidence between theoretical and experimental curves confirms the validity of our theoretical model.
© 2008 Optical Society of America
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