Abstract

The correlations between stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) characteristics of perfluoro-compound (PFC) and perfluoropolyether (PFPE) and their chemical structure are analyzed in detail and a series of new PFC and PFPE are reported. In the Nd:YAG laser system, the absorption coefficient, optical breakdown threshold (OBT), SBS threshold, and Brillouin frequency shift of new media such as FC-87, FC-43, HT-55, and DET are measured. Parameters such as gain coefficient, Brillouin linewidth, and phonon lifetime are calculated. The results demonstrate their good SBS properties: the absorption coefficients are below 103cm1 and OBTs are above 100GW/cm2. These media also exhibit a series of unique physicochemical properties, i.e., high heat-resistance, high oxidation stability, good chemical inertness, and insulation properties. The discovery of new media not only diversifies SBS medium, but also improves the performance of the SBS system, thereby laying a good foundation for the application of a SBS phase conjugation mirror in a high-power laser system.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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2007

W. L. J. Hasi, Z. W. Lu, Q. Li, D. X. Ba, and W. M. He, “Study on two-cell stimulated Brillouin scattering system with mixture medium,” Sci. China, Ser. G 50, 144-151 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. Chalus and J. C. Diels, “Lifetime of fluorocarbon for high-energy stimulated Brillouin scattering,” J. Opt. Am. B 24, 606-608 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

H. Park, C. Lim, H. Yoshida, and M. Nakatsuka, “Measurement of stimulated Brillouin scattering characteristics in heavy fluorocarbon liquid and perflluoropolyether liquid,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 45, 5053-5057 (2006).

W. L. J. Hasi, Z. W. Lu, Q. Li, D. X. Ba, Z. Yi, and W. M. He, “Research on optical breakdown of SBS media,” Acta Phys. Sin. 55, 5252-5256 (2006) (in Chinese).

Z. W. Lu, W. L. J. Hasi, H. P. Gong, Q. Li, and W. M. He, “Generation of flat-top waveform by the optical limiting based on stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Express 14, 5497-5501(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

1997

1992

N. F. Andreev, E. Khazanov, and G. A. Pasmanik, “Applications of Brillouin cell to high repetition rate solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 330-341 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991

1990

R. A. Mullen and J. N. Matossian, “Quenching optical breakdown with an applied electric field,” Opt. Lett. 15, 601-603(1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. W. Boyd and K. Rzazewski, “Noise initiation of stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 42, 5514-5521 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986

A. I. Erokhin, V. I. Kovalev, and F. S. Faizullov, “Determination of the parameters of a nonlinear response of liquids in an acoustic resonance region by the method of nondegenerate four-wave interaction,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 872-877(1986).
[CrossRef]

1972

B. Y. Zel'dovich, V. I. Popovichev, V. V. Ragul'skii, and F. S. Faizullov, “Connection between the wavefronts of the reflected and exciting light in stimulated Brillouin scattering,” JETP Lett. 15109-113 (1972).

1970

D. Pohl and W. Kaiser, “Time-resolved investigations of stimulated Brillouin scattering in transparent and absorbing media: determination of phonon lifetimes,” Phys. Rev. B 1, 31-42 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Acta Phys. Sin.

W. L. J. Hasi, Z. W. Lu, Q. Li, D. X. Ba, Z. Yi, and W. M. He, “Research on optical breakdown of SBS media,” Acta Phys. Sin. 55, 5252-5256 (2006) (in Chinese).

Appl. Opt.

Chin. Opt. Lett.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

N. F. Andreev, E. Khazanov, and G. A. Pasmanik, “Applications of Brillouin cell to high repetition rate solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 330-341 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Am. B

O. Chalus and J. C. Diels, “Lifetime of fluorocarbon for high-energy stimulated Brillouin scattering,” J. Opt. Am. B 24, 606-608 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

JETP Lett.

B. Y. Zel'dovich, V. I. Popovichev, V. V. Ragul'skii, and F. S. Faizullov, “Connection between the wavefronts of the reflected and exciting light in stimulated Brillouin scattering,” JETP Lett. 15109-113 (1972).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1

H. Park, C. Lim, H. Yoshida, and M. Nakatsuka, “Measurement of stimulated Brillouin scattering characteristics in heavy fluorocarbon liquid and perflluoropolyether liquid,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 45, 5053-5057 (2006).

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

R. W. Boyd and K. Rzazewski, “Noise initiation of stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 42, 5514-5521 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B

D. Pohl and W. Kaiser, “Time-resolved investigations of stimulated Brillouin scattering in transparent and absorbing media: determination of phonon lifetimes,” Phys. Rev. B 1, 31-42 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Sci. China, Ser. G

W. L. J. Hasi, Z. W. Lu, Q. Li, D. X. Ba, and W. M. He, “Study on two-cell stimulated Brillouin scattering system with mixture medium,” Sci. China, Ser. G 50, 144-151 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron.

A. I. Erokhin, V. I. Kovalev, and F. S. Faizullov, “Determination of the parameters of a nonlinear response of liquids in an acoustic resonance region by the method of nondegenerate four-wave interaction,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 872-877(1986).
[CrossRef]

Other

“3M catalog and information bulletin on fluorinert liquids” (3M, St. Paul, Minn., 55144-1000).

G. B. Mock, “A guide to selecting the right PFPE lubricant,” Nye Lubricants, Inc.

H. Q. Zhong, Introduction to Infrared Spectroscopy, (Chemical Industry Press, 1984), paper 176 (in Chinese).

S. Z. Xia and Y. M. Luo, Organic Chemistry, (Huazhong U. of Science and Technology Press, 2005), paper 28.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Molecular structure. (a) Perfluoroalkane FC-72, (b) perfluorocycylic ether FC-75, (c) perfluorinated amine FC-70.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Molecular structure of two perfluorinated amines of FC-40.

Tables (3)

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Table 1 Physicochemical Properties of Some PFCs

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Table 2 Physicochemical Properties of Galden PFPE

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Table 3 Parameters of Some NewMmedia of PFC and PFPE a

Equations (1)

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E ν = ( υ + 1 / 2 ) h ν ¯ , υ = 0 , 1 , 2 , ,

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