Abstract

We present a low coherent hybrid detection technique for the differential model delay (DMD) measurement of a conventional optical multimode fiber with a modified Mach–Zehnder interferometer. A low coherent hybrid detection technique enhances mode coupling between guided modes and the reference mode to easily resolve the modal distribution. An optical spectrum analyzer and a broadband source were used to obtain time-resolved optical beat signals. The measured interference signal was Fourier transformed to obtain time-delay information. A scanning offset launching method was used to excite every available mode in a multimode fiber (MMF). Measurements of a conventional 8-m-long MMF demonstrated the validity of our proposed method. The experimental results of our proposed method agree well with results obtained using a conventional time domain measurement method. Our proposed method can be used to measure the DMD in a short length of optical MMF with a temporal resolution better than 0.72ps when using an 8-m-long single-mode fiber as a reference.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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