Abstract

We summarize the fabrication, flight qualification, and dark performance of bolometers completed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory for the High Frequency Instrument (HFI) of the joint ESA/NASA Herschel/Planck mission to be launched in 2009. The HFI is a multicolor focal plane which consists of 52 bolometers operated at 100mK. Each bolometer is mounted to a feedhorn-filter assembly which defines one of six frequency bands centered between 100857GHz. Four detectors in each of five bands from 143857GHz are coupled to both linear polarizations and thus measure the total intensity. In addition, eight detectors in each of four bands (100, 143, 217, and 353GHz) couple only to a single linear polarization and thus provide measurements of the Stokes parameters, Q and U, as well as the total intensity. The measured noise equivalent power (NEP) of all detectors is at or below the background limit for the telescope and time constants are a few ms, short enough to resolve point sources as the 5 to 9  arc min beams move across the sky at 1rpm.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2007

W. Jones, T. Montroy, B. Crill, C. Contaldi, T. Kisner, A. Lange, C. MacTavish, C. Netterfield, and J. Ruhl, “Instrumental and analytic methods for bolometric polarimetry,” Astron. Astrophys. 470, 771-785 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

M. Piat, J.-P. Torre, E. Breelle, A. Coulais, A. Woodcraft, W. Holmes, and R. Sudiwala, “Modeling of Planck high frequency instrument bolometers using non-linear effects in the thermometers,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 559, 588-590 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003

W. Holmes, J. Bock, K. Ganga, V. Hristov, L. Hustead, A. Lange, C. Paine, and M. Yun, “Preliminary performance measurements of bolometers for the Planck high frequency instrument,” Proc. SPIE 4855, 208-216 (2003).

W. Jones, R. Bhatia, J. Bock, and A. Lange, “A polarization sensitive bolometric receiver for observations of the cosmic microwave background,” Proc. SPIE 4855, 227-238 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Yun, T. Koch, J. Bock, W. Holmes, L. Wild, J. Mulder, A. Turner, C. Paine, and A. Lange, “Bolometric detectors for the Planck surveyor,” Proc. SPIE 4855, 136-147 (2003).

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, B. P. Crill, P. de Bernardis, H. Del Castillo, G. De Troia, P. Farese, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, A. E. Lange, S. Masi, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, C. B. Netterfield, P. Palangio, E. Pascale, A. Raccanelli, S. Rao, G. Romeo, J. Ruhl, and F. Scaramuzzi, “The Boomerang North America Instrument: A balloon-borne radiometer optimized for measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation from 0.3 degrees to 4 degrees,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 138, 315-336(2002).
[CrossRef]

D. McCammon, M. Galeazzi, D. Liu, W. Sanders, B. Smith, P. Tan, K. Boyce, R. Brekosky, J. Gygax, R. Kelley, D. Mott, F. Porter, C. Stahle, C. Stahle, and A. Szymkowiak, “1/f noise and hot electron effects in variable range hopping conduction,” Phys. Status Solidi B 230, 197-204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J.-M. Lamarre, J. L. Puget, M. Piat, P. A. R. Ade, A. Lange, A. Benoit, P. de Bernardis, F. R. Bouchet, J. Bock, F. X. Desert, R. Emry, M. Giard, B. Maffei, A. Murphy, J. P. Torre, R. Bhatia, R. Sudiwala, and V. Yourchenko, “The Planck high frequency instrument, a 3rd generation CMB experiment and a full sky submillimeter survey,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 730-739 (2002).

R. V. Sudiwala, M. Griffin, and A. Woodcraft, “Thermal modelling and characterization of semiconducting bolometers,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 23, 545-573 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1997

P. Mauskopf, J. Bock, H. Del Castillo, W. Holtzapfel, and A. Lange, “Composite infrared bolometers with Si3N4 micromesh absorbers,” Appl. Opt. 36, 765-771 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Grannan, M. K. Hase, and P. Richards, “Numerical optimization of infrared bolometers,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 18, 319-340 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Birmingham and P. Richards, “The heat capacity of He4 monolayers adsorbed on evaporated gold,” J. Low Temp. Phys. 109, 267-286 (1997).

1994

P. Richards, “Bolometers for infrared and millimeter waves,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 1-24 (1994).

1992

S. Grannan, A. Lange, E. Haller, and J. Beeman, “Non-ohmic hopping conduction in doped germanium at T<1 K,” Phys. Rev. B 45, 4516-4519 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1989

T. Kenny, P. Richards, I. Park, E. Haller, and J. Beeman, “Bias-induced non-linearities in the dc I-V characteristics of neutron transmutation-doped germanium at liquid-He4 temperatures,” Phys. Rev. B 39, 8476-8482 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988

M. Griffin and W. Holland, “Bolometer optimization,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 9, 861-875 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986

1985

E. E. Haller, “Physics and design of advanced IR bolometers and photometers,” Infrared Phys. 25, 257-266 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1984

1982

Ade, P.

T. Koch, C. Paine, L. Hustead, M. Yun, A. Lange, J. Bock, R. Bhatia, W. Jones, P. Ade, and R. Sudiwala, “Bolometric detectors for the High Frequency Instrument on Planck,” in Proc. IEEE Aerospace Conference (IEEE, 2002), pp. 3541-3548.

Ade, P. A. R.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J.-M. Lamarre, J. L. Puget, M. Piat, P. A. R. Ade, A. Lange, A. Benoit, P. de Bernardis, F. R. Bouchet, J. Bock, F. X. Desert, R. Emry, M. Giard, B. Maffei, A. Murphy, J. P. Torre, R. Bhatia, R. Sudiwala, and V. Yourchenko, “The Planck high frequency instrument, a 3rd generation CMB experiment and a full sky submillimeter survey,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 730-739 (2002).

F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, B. P. Crill, P. de Bernardis, H. Del Castillo, G. De Troia, P. Farese, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, A. E. Lange, S. Masi, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, C. B. Netterfield, P. Palangio, E. Pascale, A. Raccanelli, S. Rao, G. Romeo, J. Ruhl, and F. Scaramuzzi, “The Boomerang North America Instrument: A balloon-borne radiometer optimized for measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation from 0.3 degrees to 4 degrees,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 138, 315-336(2002).
[CrossRef]

Artusa, D. R.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bathia, R.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, B. P. Crill, P. de Bernardis, H. Del Castillo, G. De Troia, P. Farese, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, A. E. Lange, S. Masi, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, C. B. Netterfield, P. Palangio, E. Pascale, A. Raccanelli, S. Rao, G. Romeo, J. Ruhl, and F. Scaramuzzi, “The Boomerang North America Instrument: A balloon-borne radiometer optimized for measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation from 0.3 degrees to 4 degrees,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 138, 315-336(2002).
[CrossRef]

Beeman, J.

S. Grannan, A. Lange, E. Haller, and J. Beeman, “Non-ohmic hopping conduction in doped germanium at T<1 K,” Phys. Rev. B 45, 4516-4519 (1992).
[CrossRef]

T. Kenny, P. Richards, I. Park, E. Haller, and J. Beeman, “Bias-induced non-linearities in the dc I-V characteristics of neutron transmutation-doped germanium at liquid-He4 temperatures,” Phys. Rev. B 39, 8476-8482 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Benoit, A.

J.-M. Lamarre, J. L. Puget, M. Piat, P. A. R. Ade, A. Lange, A. Benoit, P. de Bernardis, F. R. Bouchet, J. Bock, F. X. Desert, R. Emry, M. Giard, B. Maffei, A. Murphy, J. P. Torre, R. Bhatia, R. Sudiwala, and V. Yourchenko, “The Planck high frequency instrument, a 3rd generation CMB experiment and a full sky submillimeter survey,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 730-739 (2002).

Bhatia, R.

W. Jones, R. Bhatia, J. Bock, and A. Lange, “A polarization sensitive bolometric receiver for observations of the cosmic microwave background,” Proc. SPIE 4855, 227-238 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J.-M. Lamarre, J. L. Puget, M. Piat, P. A. R. Ade, A. Lange, A. Benoit, P. de Bernardis, F. R. Bouchet, J. Bock, F. X. Desert, R. Emry, M. Giard, B. Maffei, A. Murphy, J. P. Torre, R. Bhatia, R. Sudiwala, and V. Yourchenko, “The Planck high frequency instrument, a 3rd generation CMB experiment and a full sky submillimeter survey,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 730-739 (2002).

T. Koch, C. Paine, L. Hustead, M. Yun, A. Lange, J. Bock, R. Bhatia, W. Jones, P. Ade, and R. Sudiwala, “Bolometric detectors for the High Frequency Instrument on Planck,” in Proc. IEEE Aerospace Conference (IEEE, 2002), pp. 3541-3548.

Birmingham, J.

J. Birmingham and P. Richards, “The heat capacity of He4 monolayers adsorbed on evaporated gold,” J. Low Temp. Phys. 109, 267-286 (1997).

Bock, J.

W. Jones, R. Bhatia, J. Bock, and A. Lange, “A polarization sensitive bolometric receiver for observations of the cosmic microwave background,” Proc. SPIE 4855, 227-238 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Holmes, J. Bock, K. Ganga, V. Hristov, L. Hustead, A. Lange, C. Paine, and M. Yun, “Preliminary performance measurements of bolometers for the Planck high frequency instrument,” Proc. SPIE 4855, 208-216 (2003).

M. Yun, T. Koch, J. Bock, W. Holmes, L. Wild, J. Mulder, A. Turner, C. Paine, and A. Lange, “Bolometric detectors for the Planck surveyor,” Proc. SPIE 4855, 136-147 (2003).

J.-M. Lamarre, J. L. Puget, M. Piat, P. A. R. Ade, A. Lange, A. Benoit, P. de Bernardis, F. R. Bouchet, J. Bock, F. X. Desert, R. Emry, M. Giard, B. Maffei, A. Murphy, J. P. Torre, R. Bhatia, R. Sudiwala, and V. Yourchenko, “The Planck high frequency instrument, a 3rd generation CMB experiment and a full sky submillimeter survey,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 730-739 (2002).

P. Mauskopf, J. Bock, H. Del Castillo, W. Holtzapfel, and A. Lange, “Composite infrared bolometers with Si3N4 micromesh absorbers,” Appl. Opt. 36, 765-771 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Koch, C. Paine, L. Hustead, M. Yun, A. Lange, J. Bock, R. Bhatia, W. Jones, P. Ade, and R. Sudiwala, “Bolometric detectors for the High Frequency Instrument on Planck,” in Proc. IEEE Aerospace Conference (IEEE, 2002), pp. 3541-3548.

C. Paine, J. Bock, V. Hristov, and A. Lange, “A low noise, high thermal stability, 0.1 K test facility for the Planck HFI bolometers,” in Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, L. Summers, ed. (Plenum, 2001), Vol. 47, pp. 1651-1658.

Bock, J. J.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, B. P. Crill, P. de Bernardis, H. Del Castillo, G. De Troia, P. Farese, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, A. E. Lange, S. Masi, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, C. B. Netterfield, P. Palangio, E. Pascale, A. Raccanelli, S. Rao, G. Romeo, J. Ruhl, and F. Scaramuzzi, “The Boomerang North America Instrument: A balloon-borne radiometer optimized for measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation from 0.3 degrees to 4 degrees,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 138, 315-336(2002).
[CrossRef]

Boscaleri, A.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, B. P. Crill, P. de Bernardis, H. Del Castillo, G. De Troia, P. Farese, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, A. E. Lange, S. Masi, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, C. B. Netterfield, P. Palangio, E. Pascale, A. Raccanelli, S. Rao, G. Romeo, J. Ruhl, and F. Scaramuzzi, “The Boomerang North America Instrument: A balloon-borne radiometer optimized for measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation from 0.3 degrees to 4 degrees,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 138, 315-336(2002).
[CrossRef]

Bouchet, F. R.

J.-M. Lamarre, J. L. Puget, M. Piat, P. A. R. Ade, A. Lange, A. Benoit, P. de Bernardis, F. R. Bouchet, J. Bock, F. X. Desert, R. Emry, M. Giard, B. Maffei, A. Murphy, J. P. Torre, R. Bhatia, R. Sudiwala, and V. Yourchenko, “The Planck high frequency instrument, a 3rd generation CMB experiment and a full sky submillimeter survey,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 730-739 (2002).

Boyce, K.

D. McCammon, M. Galeazzi, D. Liu, W. Sanders, B. Smith, P. Tan, K. Boyce, R. Brekosky, J. Gygax, R. Kelley, D. Mott, F. Porter, C. Stahle, C. Stahle, and A. Szymkowiak, “1/f noise and hot electron effects in variable range hopping conduction,” Phys. Status Solidi B 230, 197-204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Breelle, E.

M. Piat, J.-P. Torre, E. Breelle, A. Coulais, A. Woodcraft, W. Holmes, and R. Sudiwala, “Modeling of Planck high frequency instrument bolometers using non-linear effects in the thermometers,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 559, 588-590 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Brekosky, R.

D. McCammon, M. Galeazzi, D. Liu, W. Sanders, B. Smith, P. Tan, K. Boyce, R. Brekosky, J. Gygax, R. Kelley, D. Mott, F. Porter, C. Stahle, C. Stahle, and A. Szymkowiak, “1/f noise and hot electron effects in variable range hopping conduction,” Phys. Status Solidi B 230, 197-204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cardoni, P.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, B. P. Crill, P. de Bernardis, H. Del Castillo, G. De Troia, P. Farese, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, A. E. Lange, S. Masi, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, C. B. Netterfield, P. Palangio, E. Pascale, A. Raccanelli, S. Rao, G. Romeo, J. Ruhl, and F. Scaramuzzi, “The Boomerang North America Instrument: A balloon-borne radiometer optimized for measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation from 0.3 degrees to 4 degrees,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 138, 315-336(2002).
[CrossRef]

Church, S. E.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Coble, K.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Contaldi, C.

W. Jones, T. Montroy, B. Crill, C. Contaldi, T. Kisner, A. Lange, C. MacTavish, C. Netterfield, and J. Ruhl, “Instrumental and analytic methods for bolometric polarimetry,” Astron. Astrophys. 470, 771-785 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Coulais, A.

M. Piat, J.-P. Torre, E. Breelle, A. Coulais, A. Woodcraft, W. Holmes, and R. Sudiwala, “Modeling of Planck high frequency instrument bolometers using non-linear effects in the thermometers,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 559, 588-590 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Crill, B.

W. Jones, T. Montroy, B. Crill, C. Contaldi, T. Kisner, A. Lange, C. MacTavish, C. Netterfield, and J. Ruhl, “Instrumental and analytic methods for bolometric polarimetry,” Astron. Astrophys. 470, 771-785 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Crill, B. P.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, B. P. Crill, P. de Bernardis, H. Del Castillo, G. De Troia, P. Farese, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, A. E. Lange, S. Masi, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, C. B. Netterfield, P. Palangio, E. Pascale, A. Raccanelli, S. Rao, G. Romeo, J. Ruhl, and F. Scaramuzzi, “The Boomerang North America Instrument: A balloon-borne radiometer optimized for measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation from 0.3 degrees to 4 degrees,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 138, 315-336(2002).
[CrossRef]

de Bernardis, P.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J.-M. Lamarre, J. L. Puget, M. Piat, P. A. R. Ade, A. Lange, A. Benoit, P. de Bernardis, F. R. Bouchet, J. Bock, F. X. Desert, R. Emry, M. Giard, B. Maffei, A. Murphy, J. P. Torre, R. Bhatia, R. Sudiwala, and V. Yourchenko, “The Planck high frequency instrument, a 3rd generation CMB experiment and a full sky submillimeter survey,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 730-739 (2002).

F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, B. P. Crill, P. de Bernardis, H. Del Castillo, G. De Troia, P. Farese, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, A. E. Lange, S. Masi, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, C. B. Netterfield, P. Palangio, E. Pascale, A. Raccanelli, S. Rao, G. Romeo, J. Ruhl, and F. Scaramuzzi, “The Boomerang North America Instrument: A balloon-borne radiometer optimized for measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation from 0.3 degrees to 4 degrees,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 138, 315-336(2002).
[CrossRef]

De Troia, G.

F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, B. P. Crill, P. de Bernardis, H. Del Castillo, G. De Troia, P. Farese, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, A. E. Lange, S. Masi, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, C. B. Netterfield, P. Palangio, E. Pascale, A. Raccanelli, S. Rao, G. Romeo, J. Ruhl, and F. Scaramuzzi, “The Boomerang North America Instrument: A balloon-borne radiometer optimized for measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation from 0.3 degrees to 4 degrees,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 138, 315-336(2002).
[CrossRef]

Del Castillo, H.

F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, B. P. Crill, P. de Bernardis, H. Del Castillo, G. De Troia, P. Farese, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, A. E. Lange, S. Masi, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, C. B. Netterfield, P. Palangio, E. Pascale, A. Raccanelli, S. Rao, G. Romeo, J. Ruhl, and F. Scaramuzzi, “The Boomerang North America Instrument: A balloon-borne radiometer optimized for measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation from 0.3 degrees to 4 degrees,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 138, 315-336(2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Mauskopf, J. Bock, H. Del Castillo, W. Holtzapfel, and A. Lange, “Composite infrared bolometers with Si3N4 micromesh absorbers,” Appl. Opt. 36, 765-771 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Desert, F. X.

J.-M. Lamarre, J. L. Puget, M. Piat, P. A. R. Ade, A. Lange, A. Benoit, P. de Bernardis, F. R. Bouchet, J. Bock, F. X. Desert, R. Emry, M. Giard, B. Maffei, A. Murphy, J. P. Torre, R. Bhatia, R. Sudiwala, and V. Yourchenko, “The Planck high frequency instrument, a 3rd generation CMB experiment and a full sky submillimeter survey,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 730-739 (2002).

deTroia, G.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Emry, R.

J.-M. Lamarre, J. L. Puget, M. Piat, P. A. R. Ade, A. Lange, A. Benoit, P. de Bernardis, F. R. Bouchet, J. Bock, F. X. Desert, R. Emry, M. Giard, B. Maffei, A. Murphy, J. P. Torre, R. Bhatia, R. Sudiwala, and V. Yourchenko, “The Planck high frequency instrument, a 3rd generation CMB experiment and a full sky submillimeter survey,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 730-739 (2002).

Farese, P.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, B. P. Crill, P. de Bernardis, H. Del Castillo, G. De Troia, P. Farese, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, A. E. Lange, S. Masi, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, C. B. Netterfield, P. Palangio, E. Pascale, A. Raccanelli, S. Rao, G. Romeo, J. Ruhl, and F. Scaramuzzi, “The Boomerang North America Instrument: A balloon-borne radiometer optimized for measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation from 0.3 degrees to 4 degrees,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 138, 315-336(2002).
[CrossRef]

Galeazzi, M.

D. McCammon, M. Galeazzi, D. Liu, W. Sanders, B. Smith, P. Tan, K. Boyce, R. Brekosky, J. Gygax, R. Kelley, D. Mott, F. Porter, C. Stahle, C. Stahle, and A. Szymkowiak, “1/f noise and hot electron effects in variable range hopping conduction,” Phys. Status Solidi B 230, 197-204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ganga, K.

W. Holmes, J. Bock, K. Ganga, V. Hristov, L. Hustead, A. Lange, C. Paine, and M. Yun, “Preliminary performance measurements of bolometers for the Planck high frequency instrument,” Proc. SPIE 4855, 208-216 (2003).

Ganga, K. M.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Giacometti, M.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, B. P. Crill, P. de Bernardis, H. Del Castillo, G. De Troia, P. Farese, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, A. E. Lange, S. Masi, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, C. B. Netterfield, P. Palangio, E. Pascale, A. Raccanelli, S. Rao, G. Romeo, J. Ruhl, and F. Scaramuzzi, “The Boomerang North America Instrument: A balloon-borne radiometer optimized for measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation from 0.3 degrees to 4 degrees,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 138, 315-336(2002).
[CrossRef]

Giard, M.

J.-M. Lamarre, J. L. Puget, M. Piat, P. A. R. Ade, A. Lange, A. Benoit, P. de Bernardis, F. R. Bouchet, J. Bock, F. X. Desert, R. Emry, M. Giard, B. Maffei, A. Murphy, J. P. Torre, R. Bhatia, R. Sudiwala, and V. Yourchenko, “The Planck high frequency instrument, a 3rd generation CMB experiment and a full sky submillimeter survey,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 730-739 (2002).

Grannan, S.

S. Grannan, A. Lange, E. Haller, and J. Beeman, “Non-ohmic hopping conduction in doped germanium at T<1 K,” Phys. Rev. B 45, 4516-4519 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Grannan, S. M.

S. M. Grannan, M. K. Hase, and P. Richards, “Numerical optimization of infrared bolometers,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 18, 319-340 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Griffin, M.

R. V. Sudiwala, M. Griffin, and A. Woodcraft, “Thermal modelling and characterization of semiconducting bolometers,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 23, 545-573 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Griffin and W. Holland, “Bolometer optimization,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 9, 861-875 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Gygax, J.

D. McCammon, M. Galeazzi, D. Liu, W. Sanders, B. Smith, P. Tan, K. Boyce, R. Brekosky, J. Gygax, R. Kelley, D. Mott, F. Porter, C. Stahle, C. Stahle, and A. Szymkowiak, “1/f noise and hot electron effects in variable range hopping conduction,” Phys. Status Solidi B 230, 197-204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Haller, E.

S. Grannan, A. Lange, E. Haller, and J. Beeman, “Non-ohmic hopping conduction in doped germanium at T<1 K,” Phys. Rev. B 45, 4516-4519 (1992).
[CrossRef]

T. Kenny, P. Richards, I. Park, E. Haller, and J. Beeman, “Bias-induced non-linearities in the dc I-V characteristics of neutron transmutation-doped germanium at liquid-He4 temperatures,” Phys. Rev. B 39, 8476-8482 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Haller, E. E.

E. E. Haller, “Physics and design of advanced IR bolometers and photometers,” Infrared Phys. 25, 257-266 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Hase, M. K.

S. M. Grannan, M. K. Hase, and P. Richards, “Numerical optimization of infrared bolometers,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 18, 319-340 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hivon, E. F.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, B. P. Crill, P. de Bernardis, H. Del Castillo, G. De Troia, P. Farese, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, A. E. Lange, S. Masi, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, C. B. Netterfield, P. Palangio, E. Pascale, A. Raccanelli, S. Rao, G. Romeo, J. Ruhl, and F. Scaramuzzi, “The Boomerang North America Instrument: A balloon-borne radiometer optimized for measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation from 0.3 degrees to 4 degrees,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 138, 315-336(2002).
[CrossRef]

Holland, W.

M. Griffin and W. Holland, “Bolometer optimization,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 9, 861-875 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Holmes, W.

M. Piat, J.-P. Torre, E. Breelle, A. Coulais, A. Woodcraft, W. Holmes, and R. Sudiwala, “Modeling of Planck high frequency instrument bolometers using non-linear effects in the thermometers,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 559, 588-590 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Yun, T. Koch, J. Bock, W. Holmes, L. Wild, J. Mulder, A. Turner, C. Paine, and A. Lange, “Bolometric detectors for the Planck surveyor,” Proc. SPIE 4855, 136-147 (2003).

W. Holmes, J. Bock, K. Ganga, V. Hristov, L. Hustead, A. Lange, C. Paine, and M. Yun, “Preliminary performance measurements of bolometers for the Planck high frequency instrument,” Proc. SPIE 4855, 208-216 (2003).

Holtzapfel, W.

Hristov, V.

W. Holmes, J. Bock, K. Ganga, V. Hristov, L. Hustead, A. Lange, C. Paine, and M. Yun, “Preliminary performance measurements of bolometers for the Planck high frequency instrument,” Proc. SPIE 4855, 208-216 (2003).

C. Paine, J. Bock, V. Hristov, and A. Lange, “A low noise, high thermal stability, 0.1 K test facility for the Planck HFI bolometers,” in Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, L. Summers, ed. (Plenum, 2001), Vol. 47, pp. 1651-1658.

Hristov, V. V.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, B. P. Crill, P. de Bernardis, H. Del Castillo, G. De Troia, P. Farese, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, A. E. Lange, S. Masi, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, C. B. Netterfield, P. Palangio, E. Pascale, A. Raccanelli, S. Rao, G. Romeo, J. Ruhl, and F. Scaramuzzi, “The Boomerang North America Instrument: A balloon-borne radiometer optimized for measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation from 0.3 degrees to 4 degrees,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 138, 315-336(2002).
[CrossRef]

Hustead, L.

W. Holmes, J. Bock, K. Ganga, V. Hristov, L. Hustead, A. Lange, C. Paine, and M. Yun, “Preliminary performance measurements of bolometers for the Planck high frequency instrument,” Proc. SPIE 4855, 208-216 (2003).

T. Koch, C. Paine, L. Hustead, M. Yun, A. Lange, J. Bock, R. Bhatia, W. Jones, P. Ade, and R. Sudiwala, “Bolometric detectors for the High Frequency Instrument on Planck,” in Proc. IEEE Aerospace Conference (IEEE, 2002), pp. 3541-3548.

Iacoangeli, A.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, B. P. Crill, P. de Bernardis, H. Del Castillo, G. De Troia, P. Farese, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, A. E. Lange, S. Masi, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, C. B. Netterfield, P. Palangio, E. Pascale, A. Raccanelli, S. Rao, G. Romeo, J. Ruhl, and F. Scaramuzzi, “The Boomerang North America Instrument: A balloon-borne radiometer optimized for measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation from 0.3 degrees to 4 degrees,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 138, 315-336(2002).
[CrossRef]

Jones, W.

W. Jones, T. Montroy, B. Crill, C. Contaldi, T. Kisner, A. Lange, C. MacTavish, C. Netterfield, and J. Ruhl, “Instrumental and analytic methods for bolometric polarimetry,” Astron. Astrophys. 470, 771-785 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Jones, R. Bhatia, J. Bock, and A. Lange, “A polarization sensitive bolometric receiver for observations of the cosmic microwave background,” Proc. SPIE 4855, 227-238 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Koch, C. Paine, L. Hustead, M. Yun, A. Lange, J. Bock, R. Bhatia, W. Jones, P. Ade, and R. Sudiwala, “Bolometric detectors for the High Frequency Instrument on Planck,” in Proc. IEEE Aerospace Conference (IEEE, 2002), pp. 3541-3548.

Jones, W. C.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kelley, R.

D. McCammon, M. Galeazzi, D. Liu, W. Sanders, B. Smith, P. Tan, K. Boyce, R. Brekosky, J. Gygax, R. Kelley, D. Mott, F. Porter, C. Stahle, C. Stahle, and A. Szymkowiak, “1/f noise and hot electron effects in variable range hopping conduction,” Phys. Status Solidi B 230, 197-204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kenny, T.

T. Kenny, P. Richards, I. Park, E. Haller, and J. Beeman, “Bias-induced non-linearities in the dc I-V characteristics of neutron transmutation-doped germanium at liquid-He4 temperatures,” Phys. Rev. B 39, 8476-8482 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kisner, T.

W. Jones, T. Montroy, B. Crill, C. Contaldi, T. Kisner, A. Lange, C. MacTavish, C. Netterfield, and J. Ruhl, “Instrumental and analytic methods for bolometric polarimetry,” Astron. Astrophys. 470, 771-785 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Koch, T.

M. Yun, T. Koch, J. Bock, W. Holmes, L. Wild, J. Mulder, A. Turner, C. Paine, and A. Lange, “Bolometric detectors for the Planck surveyor,” Proc. SPIE 4855, 136-147 (2003).

T. Koch, C. Paine, L. Hustead, M. Yun, A. Lange, J. Bock, R. Bhatia, W. Jones, P. Ade, and R. Sudiwala, “Bolometric detectors for the High Frequency Instrument on Planck,” in Proc. IEEE Aerospace Conference (IEEE, 2002), pp. 3541-3548.

Lamarre, J.-M.

J.-M. Lamarre, J. L. Puget, M. Piat, P. A. R. Ade, A. Lange, A. Benoit, P. de Bernardis, F. R. Bouchet, J. Bock, F. X. Desert, R. Emry, M. Giard, B. Maffei, A. Murphy, J. P. Torre, R. Bhatia, R. Sudiwala, and V. Yourchenko, “The Planck high frequency instrument, a 3rd generation CMB experiment and a full sky submillimeter survey,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 730-739 (2002).

J.-M. Lamarre, “Photon noise limits in mm-wave receviers,” Appl. Opt. 25, 870-876 (1986).

Lange, A.

W. Jones, T. Montroy, B. Crill, C. Contaldi, T. Kisner, A. Lange, C. MacTavish, C. Netterfield, and J. Ruhl, “Instrumental and analytic methods for bolometric polarimetry,” Astron. Astrophys. 470, 771-785 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Holmes, J. Bock, K. Ganga, V. Hristov, L. Hustead, A. Lange, C. Paine, and M. Yun, “Preliminary performance measurements of bolometers for the Planck high frequency instrument,” Proc. SPIE 4855, 208-216 (2003).

W. Jones, R. Bhatia, J. Bock, and A. Lange, “A polarization sensitive bolometric receiver for observations of the cosmic microwave background,” Proc. SPIE 4855, 227-238 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Yun, T. Koch, J. Bock, W. Holmes, L. Wild, J. Mulder, A. Turner, C. Paine, and A. Lange, “Bolometric detectors for the Planck surveyor,” Proc. SPIE 4855, 136-147 (2003).

J.-M. Lamarre, J. L. Puget, M. Piat, P. A. R. Ade, A. Lange, A. Benoit, P. de Bernardis, F. R. Bouchet, J. Bock, F. X. Desert, R. Emry, M. Giard, B. Maffei, A. Murphy, J. P. Torre, R. Bhatia, R. Sudiwala, and V. Yourchenko, “The Planck high frequency instrument, a 3rd generation CMB experiment and a full sky submillimeter survey,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 730-739 (2002).

P. Mauskopf, J. Bock, H. Del Castillo, W. Holtzapfel, and A. Lange, “Composite infrared bolometers with Si3N4 micromesh absorbers,” Appl. Opt. 36, 765-771 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Grannan, A. Lange, E. Haller, and J. Beeman, “Non-ohmic hopping conduction in doped germanium at T<1 K,” Phys. Rev. B 45, 4516-4519 (1992).
[CrossRef]

T. Koch, C. Paine, L. Hustead, M. Yun, A. Lange, J. Bock, R. Bhatia, W. Jones, P. Ade, and R. Sudiwala, “Bolometric detectors for the High Frequency Instrument on Planck,” in Proc. IEEE Aerospace Conference (IEEE, 2002), pp. 3541-3548.

C. Paine, J. Bock, V. Hristov, and A. Lange, “A low noise, high thermal stability, 0.1 K test facility for the Planck HFI bolometers,” in Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, L. Summers, ed. (Plenum, 2001), Vol. 47, pp. 1651-1658.

Lange, A. E.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, B. P. Crill, P. de Bernardis, H. Del Castillo, G. De Troia, P. Farese, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, A. E. Lange, S. Masi, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, C. B. Netterfield, P. Palangio, E. Pascale, A. Raccanelli, S. Rao, G. Romeo, J. Ruhl, and F. Scaramuzzi, “The Boomerang North America Instrument: A balloon-borne radiometer optimized for measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation from 0.3 degrees to 4 degrees,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 138, 315-336(2002).
[CrossRef]

Liu, D.

D. McCammon, M. Galeazzi, D. Liu, W. Sanders, B. Smith, P. Tan, K. Boyce, R. Brekosky, J. Gygax, R. Kelley, D. Mott, F. Porter, C. Stahle, C. Stahle, and A. Szymkowiak, “1/f noise and hot electron effects in variable range hopping conduction,” Phys. Status Solidi B 230, 197-204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

MacTavish, C.

W. Jones, T. Montroy, B. Crill, C. Contaldi, T. Kisner, A. Lange, C. MacTavish, C. Netterfield, and J. Ruhl, “Instrumental and analytic methods for bolometric polarimetry,” Astron. Astrophys. 470, 771-785 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Maffei, B.

J.-M. Lamarre, J. L. Puget, M. Piat, P. A. R. Ade, A. Lange, A. Benoit, P. de Bernardis, F. R. Bouchet, J. Bock, F. X. Desert, R. Emry, M. Giard, B. Maffei, A. Murphy, J. P. Torre, R. Bhatia, R. Sudiwala, and V. Yourchenko, “The Planck high frequency instrument, a 3rd generation CMB experiment and a full sky submillimeter survey,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 730-739 (2002).

Martinis, L.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Masi, S.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, B. P. Crill, P. de Bernardis, H. Del Castillo, G. De Troia, P. Farese, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, A. E. Lange, S. Masi, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, C. B. Netterfield, P. Palangio, E. Pascale, A. Raccanelli, S. Rao, G. Romeo, J. Ruhl, and F. Scaramuzzi, “The Boomerang North America Instrument: A balloon-borne radiometer optimized for measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation from 0.3 degrees to 4 degrees,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 138, 315-336(2002).
[CrossRef]

Mason, P. V.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mather, J. C.

Mauskopf, P.

Mauskopf, P. D.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, B. P. Crill, P. de Bernardis, H. Del Castillo, G. De Troia, P. Farese, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, A. E. Lange, S. Masi, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, C. B. Netterfield, P. Palangio, E. Pascale, A. Raccanelli, S. Rao, G. Romeo, J. Ruhl, and F. Scaramuzzi, “The Boomerang North America Instrument: A balloon-borne radiometer optimized for measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation from 0.3 degrees to 4 degrees,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 138, 315-336(2002).
[CrossRef]

McCammon, D.

D. McCammon, M. Galeazzi, D. Liu, W. Sanders, B. Smith, P. Tan, K. Boyce, R. Brekosky, J. Gygax, R. Kelley, D. Mott, F. Porter, C. Stahle, C. Stahle, and A. Szymkowiak, “1/f noise and hot electron effects in variable range hopping conduction,” Phys. Status Solidi B 230, 197-204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Miglio, L.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, B. P. Crill, P. de Bernardis, H. Del Castillo, G. De Troia, P. Farese, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, A. E. Lange, S. Masi, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, C. B. Netterfield, P. Palangio, E. Pascale, A. Raccanelli, S. Rao, G. Romeo, J. Ruhl, and F. Scaramuzzi, “The Boomerang North America Instrument: A balloon-borne radiometer optimized for measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation from 0.3 degrees to 4 degrees,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 138, 315-336(2002).
[CrossRef]

Montroy, T.

W. Jones, T. Montroy, B. Crill, C. Contaldi, T. Kisner, A. Lange, C. MacTavish, C. Netterfield, and J. Ruhl, “Instrumental and analytic methods for bolometric polarimetry,” Astron. Astrophys. 470, 771-785 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mott, D.

D. McCammon, M. Galeazzi, D. Liu, W. Sanders, B. Smith, P. Tan, K. Boyce, R. Brekosky, J. Gygax, R. Kelley, D. Mott, F. Porter, C. Stahle, C. Stahle, and A. Szymkowiak, “1/f noise and hot electron effects in variable range hopping conduction,” Phys. Status Solidi B 230, 197-204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mulder, J.

M. Yun, T. Koch, J. Bock, W. Holmes, L. Wild, J. Mulder, A. Turner, C. Paine, and A. Lange, “Bolometric detectors for the Planck surveyor,” Proc. SPIE 4855, 136-147 (2003).

Murphy, A.

J.-M. Lamarre, J. L. Puget, M. Piat, P. A. R. Ade, A. Lange, A. Benoit, P. de Bernardis, F. R. Bouchet, J. Bock, F. X. Desert, R. Emry, M. Giard, B. Maffei, A. Murphy, J. P. Torre, R. Bhatia, R. Sudiwala, and V. Yourchenko, “The Planck high frequency instrument, a 3rd generation CMB experiment and a full sky submillimeter survey,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 730-739 (2002).

Netterfield, C.

W. Jones, T. Montroy, B. Crill, C. Contaldi, T. Kisner, A. Lange, C. MacTavish, C. Netterfield, and J. Ruhl, “Instrumental and analytic methods for bolometric polarimetry,” Astron. Astrophys. 470, 771-785 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Netterfield, C. B.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, B. P. Crill, P. de Bernardis, H. Del Castillo, G. De Troia, P. Farese, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, A. E. Lange, S. Masi, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, C. B. Netterfield, P. Palangio, E. Pascale, A. Raccanelli, S. Rao, G. Romeo, J. Ruhl, and F. Scaramuzzi, “The Boomerang North America Instrument: A balloon-borne radiometer optimized for measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation from 0.3 degrees to 4 degrees,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 138, 315-336(2002).
[CrossRef]

Paine, C.

M. Yun, T. Koch, J. Bock, W. Holmes, L. Wild, J. Mulder, A. Turner, C. Paine, and A. Lange, “Bolometric detectors for the Planck surveyor,” Proc. SPIE 4855, 136-147 (2003).

W. Holmes, J. Bock, K. Ganga, V. Hristov, L. Hustead, A. Lange, C. Paine, and M. Yun, “Preliminary performance measurements of bolometers for the Planck high frequency instrument,” Proc. SPIE 4855, 208-216 (2003).

T. Koch, C. Paine, L. Hustead, M. Yun, A. Lange, J. Bock, R. Bhatia, W. Jones, P. Ade, and R. Sudiwala, “Bolometric detectors for the High Frequency Instrument on Planck,” in Proc. IEEE Aerospace Conference (IEEE, 2002), pp. 3541-3548.

C. Paine, J. Bock, V. Hristov, and A. Lange, “A low noise, high thermal stability, 0.1 K test facility for the Planck HFI bolometers,” in Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, L. Summers, ed. (Plenum, 2001), Vol. 47, pp. 1651-1658.

Paine, C. G.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Palangio, P.

F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, B. P. Crill, P. de Bernardis, H. Del Castillo, G. De Troia, P. Farese, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, A. E. Lange, S. Masi, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, C. B. Netterfield, P. Palangio, E. Pascale, A. Raccanelli, S. Rao, G. Romeo, J. Ruhl, and F. Scaramuzzi, “The Boomerang North America Instrument: A balloon-borne radiometer optimized for measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation from 0.3 degrees to 4 degrees,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 138, 315-336(2002).
[CrossRef]

Park, I.

T. Kenny, P. Richards, I. Park, E. Haller, and J. Beeman, “Bias-induced non-linearities in the dc I-V characteristics of neutron transmutation-doped germanium at liquid-He4 temperatures,” Phys. Rev. B 39, 8476-8482 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Pascale, E.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, B. P. Crill, P. de Bernardis, H. Del Castillo, G. De Troia, P. Farese, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, A. E. Lange, S. Masi, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, C. B. Netterfield, P. Palangio, E. Pascale, A. Raccanelli, S. Rao, G. Romeo, J. Ruhl, and F. Scaramuzzi, “The Boomerang North America Instrument: A balloon-borne radiometer optimized for measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation from 0.3 degrees to 4 degrees,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 138, 315-336(2002).
[CrossRef]

Piacentini, F.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, B. P. Crill, P. de Bernardis, H. Del Castillo, G. De Troia, P. Farese, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, A. E. Lange, S. Masi, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, C. B. Netterfield, P. Palangio, E. Pascale, A. Raccanelli, S. Rao, G. Romeo, J. Ruhl, and F. Scaramuzzi, “The Boomerang North America Instrument: A balloon-borne radiometer optimized for measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation from 0.3 degrees to 4 degrees,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 138, 315-336(2002).
[CrossRef]

Piat, M.

M. Piat, J.-P. Torre, E. Breelle, A. Coulais, A. Woodcraft, W. Holmes, and R. Sudiwala, “Modeling of Planck high frequency instrument bolometers using non-linear effects in the thermometers,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 559, 588-590 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J.-M. Lamarre, J. L. Puget, M. Piat, P. A. R. Ade, A. Lange, A. Benoit, P. de Bernardis, F. R. Bouchet, J. Bock, F. X. Desert, R. Emry, M. Giard, B. Maffei, A. Murphy, J. P. Torre, R. Bhatia, R. Sudiwala, and V. Yourchenko, “The Planck high frequency instrument, a 3rd generation CMB experiment and a full sky submillimeter survey,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 730-739 (2002).

Polenta, G.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pongetti, F.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Porter, F.

D. McCammon, M. Galeazzi, D. Liu, W. Sanders, B. Smith, P. Tan, K. Boyce, R. Brekosky, J. Gygax, R. Kelley, D. Mott, F. Porter, C. Stahle, C. Stahle, and A. Szymkowiak, “1/f noise and hot electron effects in variable range hopping conduction,” Phys. Status Solidi B 230, 197-204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Puget, J. L.

J.-M. Lamarre, J. L. Puget, M. Piat, P. A. R. Ade, A. Lange, A. Benoit, P. de Bernardis, F. R. Bouchet, J. Bock, F. X. Desert, R. Emry, M. Giard, B. Maffei, A. Murphy, J. P. Torre, R. Bhatia, R. Sudiwala, and V. Yourchenko, “The Planck high frequency instrument, a 3rd generation CMB experiment and a full sky submillimeter survey,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 730-739 (2002).

Raccanelli, A.

F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, B. P. Crill, P. de Bernardis, H. Del Castillo, G. De Troia, P. Farese, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, A. E. Lange, S. Masi, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, C. B. Netterfield, P. Palangio, E. Pascale, A. Raccanelli, S. Rao, G. Romeo, J. Ruhl, and F. Scaramuzzi, “The Boomerang North America Instrument: A balloon-borne radiometer optimized for measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation from 0.3 degrees to 4 degrees,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 138, 315-336(2002).
[CrossRef]

Rao, S.

F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, B. P. Crill, P. de Bernardis, H. Del Castillo, G. De Troia, P. Farese, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, A. E. Lange, S. Masi, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, C. B. Netterfield, P. Palangio, E. Pascale, A. Raccanelli, S. Rao, G. Romeo, J. Ruhl, and F. Scaramuzzi, “The Boomerang North America Instrument: A balloon-borne radiometer optimized for measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation from 0.3 degrees to 4 degrees,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 138, 315-336(2002).
[CrossRef]

Richards, P.

S. M. Grannan, M. K. Hase, and P. Richards, “Numerical optimization of infrared bolometers,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 18, 319-340 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Birmingham and P. Richards, “The heat capacity of He4 monolayers adsorbed on evaporated gold,” J. Low Temp. Phys. 109, 267-286 (1997).

P. Richards, “Bolometers for infrared and millimeter waves,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 1-24 (1994).

T. Kenny, P. Richards, I. Park, E. Haller, and J. Beeman, “Bias-induced non-linearities in the dc I-V characteristics of neutron transmutation-doped germanium at liquid-He4 temperatures,” Phys. Rev. B 39, 8476-8482 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Romeo, G.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, B. P. Crill, P. de Bernardis, H. Del Castillo, G. De Troia, P. Farese, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, A. E. Lange, S. Masi, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, C. B. Netterfield, P. Palangio, E. Pascale, A. Raccanelli, S. Rao, G. Romeo, J. Ruhl, and F. Scaramuzzi, “The Boomerang North America Instrument: A balloon-borne radiometer optimized for measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation from 0.3 degrees to 4 degrees,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 138, 315-336(2002).
[CrossRef]

Ruhl, J.

W. Jones, T. Montroy, B. Crill, C. Contaldi, T. Kisner, A. Lange, C. MacTavish, C. Netterfield, and J. Ruhl, “Instrumental and analytic methods for bolometric polarimetry,” Astron. Astrophys. 470, 771-785 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, B. P. Crill, P. de Bernardis, H. Del Castillo, G. De Troia, P. Farese, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, A. E. Lange, S. Masi, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, C. B. Netterfield, P. Palangio, E. Pascale, A. Raccanelli, S. Rao, G. Romeo, J. Ruhl, and F. Scaramuzzi, “The Boomerang North America Instrument: A balloon-borne radiometer optimized for measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation from 0.3 degrees to 4 degrees,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 138, 315-336(2002).
[CrossRef]

Ruhl, J. E.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sanders, W.

D. McCammon, M. Galeazzi, D. Liu, W. Sanders, B. Smith, P. Tan, K. Boyce, R. Brekosky, J. Gygax, R. Kelley, D. Mott, F. Porter, C. Stahle, C. Stahle, and A. Szymkowiak, “1/f noise and hot electron effects in variable range hopping conduction,” Phys. Status Solidi B 230, 197-204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Scaramuzzi, F.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, B. P. Crill, P. de Bernardis, H. Del Castillo, G. De Troia, P. Farese, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, A. E. Lange, S. Masi, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, C. B. Netterfield, P. Palangio, E. Pascale, A. Raccanelli, S. Rao, G. Romeo, J. Ruhl, and F. Scaramuzzi, “The Boomerang North America Instrument: A balloon-borne radiometer optimized for measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation from 0.3 degrees to 4 degrees,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 138, 315-336(2002).
[CrossRef]

Sforna, D.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Smith, B.

D. McCammon, M. Galeazzi, D. Liu, W. Sanders, B. Smith, P. Tan, K. Boyce, R. Brekosky, J. Gygax, R. Kelley, D. Mott, F. Porter, C. Stahle, C. Stahle, and A. Szymkowiak, “1/f noise and hot electron effects in variable range hopping conduction,” Phys. Status Solidi B 230, 197-204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Stahle, C.

D. McCammon, M. Galeazzi, D. Liu, W. Sanders, B. Smith, P. Tan, K. Boyce, R. Brekosky, J. Gygax, R. Kelley, D. Mott, F. Porter, C. Stahle, C. Stahle, and A. Szymkowiak, “1/f noise and hot electron effects in variable range hopping conduction,” Phys. Status Solidi B 230, 197-204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. McCammon, M. Galeazzi, D. Liu, W. Sanders, B. Smith, P. Tan, K. Boyce, R. Brekosky, J. Gygax, R. Kelley, D. Mott, F. Porter, C. Stahle, C. Stahle, and A. Szymkowiak, “1/f noise and hot electron effects in variable range hopping conduction,” Phys. Status Solidi B 230, 197-204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sudiwala, R.

M. Piat, J.-P. Torre, E. Breelle, A. Coulais, A. Woodcraft, W. Holmes, and R. Sudiwala, “Modeling of Planck high frequency instrument bolometers using non-linear effects in the thermometers,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 559, 588-590 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J.-M. Lamarre, J. L. Puget, M. Piat, P. A. R. Ade, A. Lange, A. Benoit, P. de Bernardis, F. R. Bouchet, J. Bock, F. X. Desert, R. Emry, M. Giard, B. Maffei, A. Murphy, J. P. Torre, R. Bhatia, R. Sudiwala, and V. Yourchenko, “The Planck high frequency instrument, a 3rd generation CMB experiment and a full sky submillimeter survey,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 730-739 (2002).

T. Koch, C. Paine, L. Hustead, M. Yun, A. Lange, J. Bock, R. Bhatia, W. Jones, P. Ade, and R. Sudiwala, “Bolometric detectors for the High Frequency Instrument on Planck,” in Proc. IEEE Aerospace Conference (IEEE, 2002), pp. 3541-3548.

Sudiwala, R. V.

R. V. Sudiwala, M. Griffin, and A. Woodcraft, “Thermal modelling and characterization of semiconducting bolometers,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 23, 545-573 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Szymkowiak, A.

D. McCammon, M. Galeazzi, D. Liu, W. Sanders, B. Smith, P. Tan, K. Boyce, R. Brekosky, J. Gygax, R. Kelley, D. Mott, F. Porter, C. Stahle, C. Stahle, and A. Szymkowiak, “1/f noise and hot electron effects in variable range hopping conduction,” Phys. Status Solidi B 230, 197-204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tan, P.

D. McCammon, M. Galeazzi, D. Liu, W. Sanders, B. Smith, P. Tan, K. Boyce, R. Brekosky, J. Gygax, R. Kelley, D. Mott, F. Porter, C. Stahle, C. Stahle, and A. Szymkowiak, “1/f noise and hot electron effects in variable range hopping conduction,” Phys. Status Solidi B 230, 197-204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Torre, J. P.

J.-M. Lamarre, J. L. Puget, M. Piat, P. A. R. Ade, A. Lange, A. Benoit, P. de Bernardis, F. R. Bouchet, J. Bock, F. X. Desert, R. Emry, M. Giard, B. Maffei, A. Murphy, J. P. Torre, R. Bhatia, R. Sudiwala, and V. Yourchenko, “The Planck high frequency instrument, a 3rd generation CMB experiment and a full sky submillimeter survey,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 730-739 (2002).

Torre, J.-P.

M. Piat, J.-P. Torre, E. Breelle, A. Coulais, A. Woodcraft, W. Holmes, and R. Sudiwala, “Modeling of Planck high frequency instrument bolometers using non-linear effects in the thermometers,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 559, 588-590 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Turner, A.

M. Yun, T. Koch, J. Bock, W. Holmes, L. Wild, J. Mulder, A. Turner, C. Paine, and A. Lange, “Bolometric detectors for the Planck surveyor,” Proc. SPIE 4855, 136-147 (2003).

Turner, A. D.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wild, L.

M. Yun, T. Koch, J. Bock, W. Holmes, L. Wild, J. Mulder, A. Turner, C. Paine, and A. Lange, “Bolometric detectors for the Planck surveyor,” Proc. SPIE 4855, 136-147 (2003).

Woodcraft, A.

M. Piat, J.-P. Torre, E. Breelle, A. Coulais, A. Woodcraft, W. Holmes, and R. Sudiwala, “Modeling of Planck high frequency instrument bolometers using non-linear effects in the thermometers,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 559, 588-590 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. V. Sudiwala, M. Griffin, and A. Woodcraft, “Thermal modelling and characterization of semiconducting bolometers,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 23, 545-573 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yourchenko, V.

J.-M. Lamarre, J. L. Puget, M. Piat, P. A. R. Ade, A. Lange, A. Benoit, P. de Bernardis, F. R. Bouchet, J. Bock, F. X. Desert, R. Emry, M. Giard, B. Maffei, A. Murphy, J. P. Torre, R. Bhatia, R. Sudiwala, and V. Yourchenko, “The Planck high frequency instrument, a 3rd generation CMB experiment and a full sky submillimeter survey,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 730-739 (2002).

Yun, M.

W. Holmes, J. Bock, K. Ganga, V. Hristov, L. Hustead, A. Lange, C. Paine, and M. Yun, “Preliminary performance measurements of bolometers for the Planck high frequency instrument,” Proc. SPIE 4855, 208-216 (2003).

M. Yun, T. Koch, J. Bock, W. Holmes, L. Wild, J. Mulder, A. Turner, C. Paine, and A. Lange, “Bolometric detectors for the Planck surveyor,” Proc. SPIE 4855, 136-147 (2003).

T. Koch, C. Paine, L. Hustead, M. Yun, A. Lange, J. Bock, R. Bhatia, W. Jones, P. Ade, and R. Sudiwala, “Bolometric detectors for the High Frequency Instrument on Planck,” in Proc. IEEE Aerospace Conference (IEEE, 2002), pp. 3541-3548.

Appl. Opt.

Astron. Astrophys.

W. Jones, T. Montroy, B. Crill, C. Contaldi, T. Kisner, A. Lange, C. MacTavish, C. Netterfield, and J. Ruhl, “Instrumental and analytic methods for bolometric polarimetry,” Astron. Astrophys. 470, 771-785 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser.

B. P. Crill, F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, D. R. Artusa, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, S. E. Church, K. Coble, P. de Bernardis, G. deTroia, P. Farese, K. M. Ganga, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, W. C. Jones, A. E. Lange, L. Martinis, S. Masi, P. V. Mason, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, T. Montroy, C. B. Netterfield, C. G. Paine, E. Pascale, F. Piacentini, G. Polenta, F. Pongetti, G. Romeo, J. E. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi, D. Sforna, and A. D. Turner, “Boomerang: A balloon-borne millimeter-wave telescope and total power receiver for mapping anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 148, 527-541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Piacentini, P. A. R. Ade, R. Bathia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, B. P. Crill, P. de Bernardis, H. Del Castillo, G. De Troia, P. Farese, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, A. E. Lange, S. Masi, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, C. B. Netterfield, P. Palangio, E. Pascale, A. Raccanelli, S. Rao, G. Romeo, J. Ruhl, and F. Scaramuzzi, “The Boomerang North America Instrument: A balloon-borne radiometer optimized for measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation from 0.3 degrees to 4 degrees,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 138, 315-336(2002).
[CrossRef]

Infrared Phys.

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Figures (14)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Measured detector dark NEP including 6.5 nV / Hz amplifier noise at nominal bias for each frequency band. Solid symbols are the NEP for detectors installed in the focal plane. The open symbols are the NEP spare bolometers. The solid lines indicate the photon background limit from a 35 K telescope and astrophysical sources in each band for a 30% bandwidth and 30% in band optical efficiency. Unpolarized detectors at 100 GHz were made and delivered but were replaced by polarized detectors.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured detector response time τ at nominal bias for each frequency band. Solid symbols are the τ for detectors installed in the focal plane. The open symbols are the τ of the spare bolometers. The solid lines indicate a response time equal to time for the beam center to travel the beam width divided by π at a spacecraft rotation rate of 1 rpm . Unpolarized detectors at 100 GHz were made and delivered but were replaced by polarized detectors.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic model of a single lumped element bolometer. Optical power P l is absorbed in heat capacity C, which is linked to heat sink at temperature T s by a thermal link with thermal conductance G. The temperature of the absorber is measured using a resistive thermometer R ( T ) biased with constant current I b and readout with a low noise voltage amplifier.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Amplifier chain used for measurement of bolometer performance at 100 mK . A DC input voltage and a DC coupling is used for load curve and response time measurements. An AC input voltage, AC coupling, and additional gain stages are used for the noise measurements.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

NTD Ge bump bonded to the bolometer. This photograph was taken from the backside of the bolometer to show the compression of indium bumps.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Completed multimode 545 GHz (left) and single mode 100 GHz (right) SWB bolometer modules just prior to shipping. The raised 1 / 4 wave backshort is visible behind the absorber mesh of the 545 GHz bolometer.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

PSB bolometer pair epoxied in the module parts prior to mating. At the top is an exploded view of the assembly. Alignment pins, shown in solid black, fix the aft and fore bolometer assemblies to an angular precision of < 0.1 ° . On the right, the feedhorn aperture can be seen through the fore bolometer in the housing. On the left, the 1 / 4 wave backshort can be seen through the aft bolometer absorber mesh. The NTD Ge chip is bump bonded at the edge of each absorber far away from the aperture and backshort outside of the region with large polarized electric field strength.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Photo of the dilution refrigerator insert used for testing at 100 mK . The JFET box (1), thermal isolation stages (2), hermetic bolometer can (3), mixing chamber (4), and light pipe (5) are enclosed in a vacuum can sealed using indium wire to the insert flange (6) and immersed in liquid helium. Infrared filters or a brass plug can be changed while the insert is at 4 K , at the threaded light pipe joint (7).

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Measured values of G at 100 mK as a function of modules resistance at room temperature. Solid symbols highlight the flight bolometers. The open symbols include spare and engineering model bolometers. The fitted R series 10 Ω is consistent with the measured resistance of the circuitry in series with the bolometer. The fitted value of γ 0.1 , the ratio of the bolometer lead resistance at room temperature to that at 4 K agrees with resistance measurements on witness samples.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Measured (solid points) and calculated (curved line) NEP as a function of bias power with the noise of the testbed amplifier subtracted. The photon noise (BLIP limit) for this band (polarized 353 GHz ) is shown as a horizontal line. The corresponding background optical loading is shown by a vertical line on the x axis at 0.2 pW . “High” bias is the highest bias such that the detector and 6.5 nV / Hz amplifier noise (open symbols and dashed line) is at the BLIP limit.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Bolometer response as a function of bias for a 100 GHz polarization sensitive bolometer. The measured response is normalized to unity, fit to a single pole roll off, and plotted as a function of τ f for a range of 4 < τ < 9 ms . The second pole from the electronic bandwidth is apparent for τ f > 1 , which corresponds roughly to f > 150 Hz .

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Bolometer response time τ as a function of current bias at 100 mK (solid diamonds), 139 mK (open squares), 274 mK (solid triangles), and 410 mK (open circles) for a 217 GHz SWB.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Bolometer heat capacities as a function of physical absorber area and wafer. Solid symbols highlight the flight bolometers. The open symbols include spare and engineering model bolometers. The line is a linear fit to all the data which yields an excess heat capacity of 1.9 pJ / K mm 2 . The intercept at A = 0 is fixed at the heat capacity of the NTD Ge, 0.1 pJ / K measured at 100 mK on a sample without any absorber mesh.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

Bolometer responsivity S calculated from the IV curves as a function of bias and temperature (solid lines). The voltage response normalized by the chopped power was measured as a function of bias at several temperatures 100 mK (solid diamonds), 139 mK (open squares), 274 mK (solid triangles), and 401 mK (open circles) for a 217 GHz SWB. A single value for the chopped power was determined by fitting all measured voltage responses to the calculated responsivities.

Tables (3)

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Table 1 Wafers Processed for Planck Flight Bolometers a

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Table 2 Summary of Bolometer Random Vibration Testing a

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Table 3 Background Power and Representative DC Bias Power, NEP, and Time Constant for Bolometers Delivered to Europe a

Equations (4)

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S = α P b R ( T ) G ( T ) + i 2 π f C α P b + 2 α P b R / ( R + R l ) ,
τ = C ( T ) G ( T ) α P b + 2 α P b R / ( R + R l ) .
ϵ 2 NEP tot 2 = γ 1 4 k T 2 G ( T ) + γ 2 4 k T R ( T ) S 2 + e n 2 + γ 3 R 2 ( T ) i n 2 S 2 + NEP photon 2 + v excess 2 S 2 ,
v AC out 2 = g AC i 2 ( v white 2 + v excess 2 / f ) [ ω 2 τ AC i 2 1 + ω 2 τ AC i 2 ] ,

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