Abstract

We propose a multichanneling encryption method by using multiple random-phase mask apertures in the input plane based on a joint transform correlation scheme. In the proposal, this multiple aperture arrangement is changed as different input objects are inserted and stored. Then, during the decryption step, the appropriate use of the random-phase mask apertures can ensure the retrieval of different information. This approach provides different access levels. Computer simulations show the potential of the technique and experimental results verify the feasibility of this method.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. Tebaldi, L. A. Toro, M. Trivi, and N. Bolognini, “Optical processing by fringed speckles registered in a BSO crystal,” Opt. Eng. 39, 3232-3238 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. Unnikrishnan, J. Joseph, and K. Singh, “Optical encryption system that uses phase conjugation in a photorefractive crystal,” Appl. Opt. 37, 8181-8186 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. F. Barrera, R. Henao, M. Tebaldi, N. Bolognini, and R. Torroba, “Multiplexing encrypted data by using polarized light,” Opt. Commun. 260, 109-112 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. L. Yu, X. Peng, and L. Cai, “Parameterized multi-dimensional data encryption by digital optics,” Opt. Commun. 203, 67-77(2002).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J.-W. Han, C.-S. Park, D.-H. Ryu, and E.-S. Kim, “Optical image encryption based on XOR operations,” Opt. Eng. 38, 47-54 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. Unnikrishnan, J. Joseph, and K. Singh, “Optical encryption by double-random phase encoding in the fractional Fourier domain,” Opt. Lett. 25, 887-889 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  15. G. Unnikrishnan and K. Singh, “Double random fractional Fourier-domain encoding for optical security,” Opt. Eng. 39, 2853-2859 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  22. J. F. Barrera, R. Henao, M. Tebaldi, N. Bolognini, and R. Torroba, “Multiple image encryption using an aperture-modulated optical system,” Opt. Commun. 261, 29-33(2006).
    [CrossRef]
  23. J. F. Barrera, R. Henao, M. Tebaldi, R. Torroba, and N. Bolognini, “Code retrieval via undercover multiplexing,” Optik (Jena) 119, 139-142 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  24. D. Amaya, M. Tebaldi, R. Torroba, and N. Bolognini, “Digital color encryption using a multi-wavelength approach and a joint transform correlator,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 10, 104031 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  25. M. Tebaldi, L. A. Toro, M. C. Lasprilla, and N. Bolognini, “Image multiplexing by speckle in BSO,” Opt. Commun. 155, 342-350 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  26. M. Tebaldi, A. Lencina, and N. Bolognini “Analysis and applications of the speckle patterns registered in a photorefractive BTO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 202, 257-270 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2008

J. F. Barrera, R. Henao, M. Tebaldi, R. Torroba, and N. Bolognini, “Code retrieval via undercover multiplexing,” Optik (Jena) 119, 139-142 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Amaya, M. Tebaldi, R. Torroba, and N. Bolognini, “Digital color encryption using a multi-wavelength approach and a joint transform correlator,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 10, 104031 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006

J. F. Barrera, R. Henao, M. Tebaldi, N. Bolognini, and R. Torroba, “Multiplexing encryption-decryption via lateral shifting of a random phase mask,” Opt. Commun. 259, 532-536 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Barrera, R. Henao, M. Tebaldi, N. Bolognini, and R. Torroba, “Multiple image encryption using an aperture-modulated optical system,” Opt. Commun. 261, 29-33(2006).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Barrera, R. Henao, M. Tebaldi, N. Bolognini, and R. Torroba, “Multiplexing encrypted data by using polarized light,” Opt. Commun. 260, 109-112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2004

2003

2002

L. Yu, X. Peng, and L. Cai, “Parameterized multi-dimensional data encryption by digital optics,” Opt. Commun. 203, 67-77(2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Tebaldi, A. Lencina, and N. Bolognini “Analysis and applications of the speckle patterns registered in a photorefractive BTO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 202, 257-270 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

1999

O. Matoba and B. Javidi, “Encrypted optical storage with angular multiplexing,” Appl. Opt. 38, 7288-7293 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J.-W. Han, C.-S. Park, D.-H. Ryu, and E.-S. Kim, “Optical image encryption based on XOR operations,” Opt. Eng. 38, 47-54 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

M. Tebaldi, L. A. Toro, M. C. Lasprilla, and N. Bolognini, “Image multiplexing by speckle in BSO,” Opt. Commun. 155, 342-350 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Unnikrishnan, J. Joseph, and K. Singh, “Optical encryption system that uses phase conjugation in a photorefractive crystal,” Appl. Opt. 37, 8181-8186 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

S. Lai, “Security holograms using an encoded reference wave,” Opt. Eng. 35, 2470-2472 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

1993

1992

1991

C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, and T. Tschudi, “Volume hologram multiplexing using a deterministic phase encoding method,” Opt. Commun. 85, 171-176 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1975

D. L. Staebler, W. J. Burke, W. Phillips, and J. J. Amodei, “Multiple storage and erasure of fixed holograms in Fe-doped LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 182-184 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Amaya, D.

D. Amaya, M. Tebaldi, R. Torroba, and N. Bolognini, “Digital color encryption using a multi-wavelength approach and a joint transform correlator,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 10, 104031 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Amodei, J. J.

D. L. Staebler, W. J. Burke, W. Phillips, and J. J. Amodei, “Multiple storage and erasure of fixed holograms in Fe-doped LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 182-184 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Barbastathis, G.

Barrera, J. F.

J. F. Barrera, R. Henao, M. Tebaldi, R. Torroba, and N. Bolognini, “Code retrieval via undercover multiplexing,” Optik (Jena) 119, 139-142 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Barrera, R. Henao, M. Tebaldi, N. Bolognini, and R. Torroba, “Multiplexing encryption-decryption via lateral shifting of a random phase mask,” Opt. Commun. 259, 532-536 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Barrera, R. Henao, M. Tebaldi, N. Bolognini, and R. Torroba, “Multiplexing encrypted data by using polarized light,” Opt. Commun. 260, 109-112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Barrera, R. Henao, M. Tebaldi, N. Bolognini, and R. Torroba, “Multiple image encryption using an aperture-modulated optical system,” Opt. Commun. 261, 29-33(2006).
[CrossRef]

Bolognini, N.

D. Amaya, M. Tebaldi, R. Torroba, and N. Bolognini, “Digital color encryption using a multi-wavelength approach and a joint transform correlator,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 10, 104031 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Barrera, R. Henao, M. Tebaldi, R. Torroba, and N. Bolognini, “Code retrieval via undercover multiplexing,” Optik (Jena) 119, 139-142 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Barrera, R. Henao, M. Tebaldi, N. Bolognini, and R. Torroba, “Multiplexing encryption-decryption via lateral shifting of a random phase mask,” Opt. Commun. 259, 532-536 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Barrera, R. Henao, M. Tebaldi, N. Bolognini, and R. Torroba, “Multiplexing encrypted data by using polarized light,” Opt. Commun. 260, 109-112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Barrera, R. Henao, M. Tebaldi, N. Bolognini, and R. Torroba, “Multiple image encryption using an aperture-modulated optical system,” Opt. Commun. 261, 29-33(2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Tebaldi, A. Lencina, and N. Bolognini “Analysis and applications of the speckle patterns registered in a photorefractive BTO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 202, 257-270 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Tebaldi, L. A. Toro, M. Trivi, and N. Bolognini, “Optical processing by fringed speckles registered in a BSO crystal,” Opt. Eng. 39, 3232-3238 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Tebaldi, L. A. Toro, M. C. Lasprilla, and N. Bolognini, “Image multiplexing by speckle in BSO,” Opt. Commun. 155, 342-350 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Burke, W. J.

D. L. Staebler, W. J. Burke, W. Phillips, and J. J. Amodei, “Multiple storage and erasure of fixed holograms in Fe-doped LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 182-184 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Cai, L.

L. Yu, X. Peng, and L. Cai, “Parameterized multi-dimensional data encryption by digital optics,” Opt. Commun. 203, 67-77(2002).
[CrossRef]

Denz, C.

C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, and T. Tschudi, “Volume hologram multiplexing using a deterministic phase encoding method,” Opt. Commun. 85, 171-176 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Han, J.-W.

J.-W. Han, C.-S. Park, D.-H. Ryu, and E.-S. Kim, “Optical image encryption based on XOR operations,” Opt. Eng. 38, 47-54 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Henao, R.

J. F. Barrera, R. Henao, M. Tebaldi, R. Torroba, and N. Bolognini, “Code retrieval via undercover multiplexing,” Optik (Jena) 119, 139-142 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Barrera, R. Henao, M. Tebaldi, N. Bolognini, and R. Torroba, “Multiplexing encryption-decryption via lateral shifting of a random phase mask,” Opt. Commun. 259, 532-536 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Barrera, R. Henao, M. Tebaldi, N. Bolognini, and R. Torroba, “Multiplexing encrypted data by using polarized light,” Opt. Commun. 260, 109-112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Barrera, R. Henao, M. Tebaldi, N. Bolognini, and R. Torroba, “Multiple image encryption using an aperture-modulated optical system,” Opt. Commun. 261, 29-33(2006).
[CrossRef]

Javidi, B.

Joseph, J.

Kim, E.-S.

J.-W. Han, C.-S. Park, D.-H. Ryu, and E.-S. Kim, “Optical image encryption based on XOR operations,” Opt. Eng. 38, 47-54 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lai, S.

S. Lai, “Security holograms using an encoded reference wave,” Opt. Eng. 35, 2470-2472 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lasprilla, M. C.

M. Tebaldi, L. A. Toro, M. C. Lasprilla, and N. Bolognini, “Image multiplexing by speckle in BSO,” Opt. Commun. 155, 342-350 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lencina, A.

M. Tebaldi, A. Lencina, and N. Bolognini “Analysis and applications of the speckle patterns registered in a photorefractive BTO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 202, 257-270 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Levene, M.

Leyva, V.

Lin, C.-H.

Matoba, O.

Mikan, S.

Mok, F. H.

Morimoto, Y.

Nomura, T.

Park, C.-S.

J.-W. Han, C.-S. Park, D.-H. Ryu, and E.-S. Kim, “Optical image encryption based on XOR operations,” Opt. Eng. 38, 47-54 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pauliat, G.

C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, and T. Tschudi, “Volume hologram multiplexing using a deterministic phase encoding method,” Opt. Commun. 85, 171-176 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Peng, X.

L. Yu, X. Peng, and L. Cai, “Parameterized multi-dimensional data encryption by digital optics,” Opt. Commun. 203, 67-77(2002).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, W.

D. L. Staebler, W. J. Burke, W. Phillips, and J. J. Amodei, “Multiple storage and erasure of fixed holograms in Fe-doped LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 182-184 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Psaltis, D.

Pu, A.

Rakuljik, G. A.

Refregier, P.

Roosen, G.

C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, and T. Tschudi, “Volume hologram multiplexing using a deterministic phase encoding method,” Opt. Commun. 85, 171-176 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ryu, D.-H.

J.-W. Han, C.-S. Park, D.-H. Ryu, and E.-S. Kim, “Optical image encryption based on XOR operations,” Opt. Eng. 38, 47-54 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Singh, K.

Situ, G.

Staebler, D. L.

D. L. Staebler, W. J. Burke, W. Phillips, and J. J. Amodei, “Multiple storage and erasure of fixed holograms in Fe-doped LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 182-184 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Su, W.-C.

Tajahuerce, E.

Tebaldi, M.

D. Amaya, M. Tebaldi, R. Torroba, and N. Bolognini, “Digital color encryption using a multi-wavelength approach and a joint transform correlator,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 10, 104031 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Barrera, R. Henao, M. Tebaldi, R. Torroba, and N. Bolognini, “Code retrieval via undercover multiplexing,” Optik (Jena) 119, 139-142 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Barrera, R. Henao, M. Tebaldi, N. Bolognini, and R. Torroba, “Multiplexing encryption-decryption via lateral shifting of a random phase mask,” Opt. Commun. 259, 532-536 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Barrera, R. Henao, M. Tebaldi, N. Bolognini, and R. Torroba, “Multiplexing encrypted data by using polarized light,” Opt. Commun. 260, 109-112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Barrera, R. Henao, M. Tebaldi, N. Bolognini, and R. Torroba, “Multiple image encryption using an aperture-modulated optical system,” Opt. Commun. 261, 29-33(2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Tebaldi, A. Lencina, and N. Bolognini “Analysis and applications of the speckle patterns registered in a photorefractive BTO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 202, 257-270 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Tebaldi, L. A. Toro, M. Trivi, and N. Bolognini, “Optical processing by fringed speckles registered in a BSO crystal,” Opt. Eng. 39, 3232-3238 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Tebaldi, L. A. Toro, M. C. Lasprilla, and N. Bolognini, “Image multiplexing by speckle in BSO,” Opt. Commun. 155, 342-350 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Toro, L. A.

M. Tebaldi, L. A. Toro, M. Trivi, and N. Bolognini, “Optical processing by fringed speckles registered in a BSO crystal,” Opt. Eng. 39, 3232-3238 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Tebaldi, L. A. Toro, M. C. Lasprilla, and N. Bolognini, “Image multiplexing by speckle in BSO,” Opt. Commun. 155, 342-350 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Torroba, R.

J. F. Barrera, R. Henao, M. Tebaldi, R. Torroba, and N. Bolognini, “Code retrieval via undercover multiplexing,” Optik (Jena) 119, 139-142 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Amaya, M. Tebaldi, R. Torroba, and N. Bolognini, “Digital color encryption using a multi-wavelength approach and a joint transform correlator,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 10, 104031 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Barrera, R. Henao, M. Tebaldi, N. Bolognini, and R. Torroba, “Multiple image encryption using an aperture-modulated optical system,” Opt. Commun. 261, 29-33(2006).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Barrera, R. Henao, M. Tebaldi, N. Bolognini, and R. Torroba, “Multiplexing encryption-decryption via lateral shifting of a random phase mask,” Opt. Commun. 259, 532-536 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Barrera, R. Henao, M. Tebaldi, N. Bolognini, and R. Torroba, “Multiplexing encrypted data by using polarized light,” Opt. Commun. 260, 109-112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Trivi, M.

M. Tebaldi, L. A. Toro, M. Trivi, and N. Bolognini, “Optical processing by fringed speckles registered in a BSO crystal,” Opt. Eng. 39, 3232-3238 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tschudi, T.

C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, and T. Tschudi, “Volume hologram multiplexing using a deterministic phase encoding method,” Opt. Commun. 85, 171-176 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Unnikrishnan, G.

Yariv, A.

Yu, L.

L. Yu, X. Peng, and L. Cai, “Parameterized multi-dimensional data encryption by digital optics,” Opt. Commun. 203, 67-77(2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

D. L. Staebler, W. J. Burke, W. Phillips, and J. J. Amodei, “Multiple storage and erasure of fixed holograms in Fe-doped LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 182-184 (1975).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt.

D. Amaya, M. Tebaldi, R. Torroba, and N. Bolognini, “Digital color encryption using a multi-wavelength approach and a joint transform correlator,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 10, 104031 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

M. Tebaldi, L. A. Toro, M. C. Lasprilla, and N. Bolognini, “Image multiplexing by speckle in BSO,” Opt. Commun. 155, 342-350 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Tebaldi, A. Lencina, and N. Bolognini “Analysis and applications of the speckle patterns registered in a photorefractive BTO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 202, 257-270 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, and T. Tschudi, “Volume hologram multiplexing using a deterministic phase encoding method,” Opt. Commun. 85, 171-176 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Barrera, R. Henao, M. Tebaldi, N. Bolognini, and R. Torroba, “Multiplexing encrypted data by using polarized light,” Opt. Commun. 260, 109-112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Yu, X. Peng, and L. Cai, “Parameterized multi-dimensional data encryption by digital optics,” Opt. Commun. 203, 67-77(2002).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Barrera, R. Henao, M. Tebaldi, N. Bolognini, and R. Torroba, “Multiplexing encryption-decryption via lateral shifting of a random phase mask,” Opt. Commun. 259, 532-536 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Barrera, R. Henao, M. Tebaldi, N. Bolognini, and R. Torroba, “Multiple image encryption using an aperture-modulated optical system,” Opt. Commun. 261, 29-33(2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

J.-W. Han, C.-S. Park, D.-H. Ryu, and E.-S. Kim, “Optical image encryption based on XOR operations,” Opt. Eng. 38, 47-54 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Unnikrishnan and K. Singh, “Double random fractional Fourier-domain encoding for optical security,” Opt. Eng. 39, 2853-2859 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Lai, “Security holograms using an encoded reference wave,” Opt. Eng. 35, 2470-2472 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Tebaldi, L. A. Toro, M. Trivi, and N. Bolognini, “Optical processing by fringed speckles registered in a BSO crystal,” Opt. Eng. 39, 3232-3238 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Optik (Jena)

J. F. Barrera, R. Henao, M. Tebaldi, R. Torroba, and N. Bolognini, “Code retrieval via undercover multiplexing,” Optik (Jena) 119, 139-142 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. (a) Encryption step and (b) decryption step (CS, collimation system; IP, input plane; L 1 and L 2 , lenses; RM, decryption mask; P, polarizer; OP, output plane).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Scheme of the input objects (left side) and RPM arrangements (right side) for each exposure in the encryption step. The squared dotted lines indicate the position of the blocked RPM. (a) First exposure, (b) second exposure.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Scheme of the RPMs employed in the decryption step, (b) computed simulated decrypted data, and (c) experimental decrypted data.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

JPS ( ν x , ν y ) = | I [ r ( x + a , y ) o A ( x + a , y ) + h ( x a , y ) + h A ( x a , y b ) ] | 2 = | R O A | 2 + 1 + 1 + [ R O A ] * H × exp [ i 4 π a ν x ] + [ R O A ] H * × exp [ i 4 π a ν x ] + [ R O A ] * H A × exp [ 2 i π ( 2 a ν x + b ν y ) ] + [ R . O A ] H A * × exp [ 2 i π ( 2 a ν x + b ν y ) ] + H * H A × exp [ 2 i π b ν y ] + H H A * × exp [ 2 i π b ν y ] ,

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