Abstract

Using a 2.3  mm thick KBe2BO3F2 crystal optically contacted with CaF2 in a prism-coupled device, fourth-harmonic generation of a femtosecond (150  fs) Ti:sapphire laser system at wavelength 200  nm with a high conversion efficiency of 26.1% has been recently obtained. The maximum output at 200  nm is 10.7  mW.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. F. Seifert, J. Ringling, F. Noack, V. Petrov, and O. Kittelmann, "Generation of tunable femtosecond pulses to as low as 172.7 nm by sum frequency mixing in lithium borate," Opt. Lett. 19, 1538-1540 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. V. Petrov, F. Rotermund, F. Noack, R. Komatsu, T. Sugawara, and S. Uda, "Vacuum ultraviolet application of Li2B4O7 crystals: generation of 100 fs pulses down to 170 nm," J. Appl. Phys. 84, 5887-5892 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. V. Petrov, F. Rotermund, and F. Noack, "Generation of femtosecond pulses down to 166 nm by sum-frequency mixing in KB5O8·4H2O," Electron Lett. 34, 1748-1750 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Wu, Y. Wu, P. Fu, and C. Chen, "All solid-state 193 nm source with 5 mJ pulse energy," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper CWG7.
  5. T. Sasaki, Y. Mori, and M. Yoshimura, "Progress in the growth of a CsLiB6O10 crystal and its application to ultraviolet light generation," Opt. Mater. 23, 343-351 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Kanai, T. Kanda, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, C. Chen, C. Zhang, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, "Generation of vacuum ultraviolet light and measurement of phase matching angles in KBBF crystal," Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2003, CLEO '03, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper CTuM1.
  7. C. T. Chen, S. Watanabe, Z. Y. Xu, and J. Y. Wang, "Recent advances of deep and vacuum-UV harmonic generation with new borate crystals," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper CTuT3.
  8. T. Togashi, T. Kanai, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, C. T. Chen, C. Q. Zhang, Z. Y. Xu, and J. Y. Wang, "Generation of vacuum-ultraviolet light by an optically contacted, prism-coupled KBe2BO3F2 crystal," Opt. Lett. 28, 254-256 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. H. Zhang, G. Wang, L. Guo, A. Geng, Y. Bo, D. Cui, Z. Xu, R. Li, Y. Zhu, X. Wang, and C. Chen are preparing a paper to be called "175 to 210 nm tunable deep-ultraviolet light generation by the fourth harmonic of Ti:sapphire laser with KBBF."
  10. T. Kiss, F. Kanetaka, T. Yokoya, T. Shimojima, K. Kanai, S. Shin, Y. Onuki, T. Togashi, C. Q. Zhang, C. T. Chen, and S. Watanabe, "Photoemission spectroscopic evidence of gap anisotropy in an f-electron superconductor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 057001 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Y. Zhou, G. Wang, H. Zhang, C. Li, D. Cui, Z. Xu, X. Wang, Y. Zhu, C. Chen, G. Liu, X. Dong, and X. Zhou are preparing a paper to be called "The sixth harmonic of a Nd:YVO4 laser generation in KBBF for ARPES."
  12. C. Chen, J. Lu, G. Wang, Z. Xu, J. Wang, C. Zhang, and Y. Liu, "Deep ultraviolet harmonic generation with KBe2BO3F2 crystal," Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 1081-1081 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. Chuangtian, W. Guiling, W. Xiaoyang, Z. Yong, X. Zuyan, K. Teruto, and W. Shuntaro, "Improved Sellmeier equations and phase-matching characteristics in deep ultraviolet region of KBe2BO3F2 crystal," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).
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    [CrossRef]
  15. N. Umemura, M. Ando, K. Suzuki, E. Takaoka, K. Kato, Z. G. Hu, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, "200-mW-average power ultraviolet generation at 0.193 μm in K2Al2B2O7," Appl. Opt. 42, 2716-2719 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. N. Umemura, K. Yoshida, T. Kamimura, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, and K. Kato, "New data on the phase-matching properties of CsLiB6O10," in Advanced Solid-State Lasers (ASSL), M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends In Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper PD15.
  17. G. C. Ghosh and G. C. Bhar, "Temperature dispersion in ADP, KDP, and KD*P for nonlinear devices," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 143-145 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  18. K. Kato, "Tunable UV generation to 0.185 μm in CsB3O5," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 169-171 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  19. K. Kato, "Temperature-tuned 90° phase-matching properties of LiB3O5," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2950-2952 (1994).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (1)

T. Kiss, F. Kanetaka, T. Yokoya, T. Shimojima, K. Kanai, S. Shin, Y. Onuki, T. Togashi, C. Q. Zhang, C. T. Chen, and S. Watanabe, "Photoemission spectroscopic evidence of gap anisotropy in an f-electron superconductor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 057001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

2001 (1)

C. Chen, J. Lu, G. Wang, Z. Xu, J. Wang, C. Zhang, and Y. Liu, "Deep ultraviolet harmonic generation with KBe2BO3F2 crystal," Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 1081-1081 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

V. Petrov, F. Rotermund, F. Noack, R. Komatsu, T. Sugawara, and S. Uda, "Vacuum ultraviolet application of Li2B4O7 crystals: generation of 100 fs pulses down to 170 nm," J. Appl. Phys. 84, 5887-5892 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, F. Rotermund, and F. Noack, "Generation of femtosecond pulses down to 166 nm by sum-frequency mixing in KB5O8·4H2O," Electron Lett. 34, 1748-1750 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

K. Kato, "Tunable UV generation to 0.185 μm in CsB3O5," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 169-171 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

1986 (1)

K. Kato, "Second-harmonic generation to 2048 Å in β-Ba2O4," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1013-1014 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

G. C. Ghosh and G. C. Bhar, "Temperature dispersion in ADP, KDP, and KD*P for nonlinear devices," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 143-145 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. Chen, J. Lu, G. Wang, Z. Xu, J. Wang, C. Zhang, and Y. Liu, "Deep ultraviolet harmonic generation with KBe2BO3F2 crystal," Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 1081-1081 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Electron Lett. (1)

V. Petrov, F. Rotermund, and F. Noack, "Generation of femtosecond pulses down to 166 nm by sum-frequency mixing in KB5O8·4H2O," Electron Lett. 34, 1748-1750 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (4)

K. Kato, "Second-harmonic generation to 2048 Å in β-Ba2O4," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1013-1014 (1986).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Ghosh and G. C. Bhar, "Temperature dispersion in ADP, KDP, and KD*P for nonlinear devices," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 143-145 (1982).
[CrossRef]

K. Kato, "Tunable UV generation to 0.185 μm in CsB3O5," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 169-171 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Kato, "Temperature-tuned 90° phase-matching properties of LiB3O5," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2950-2952 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

V. Petrov, F. Rotermund, F. Noack, R. Komatsu, T. Sugawara, and S. Uda, "Vacuum ultraviolet application of Li2B4O7 crystals: generation of 100 fs pulses down to 170 nm," J. Appl. Phys. 84, 5887-5892 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. (1)

T. Sasaki, Y. Mori, and M. Yoshimura, "Progress in the growth of a CsLiB6O10 crystal and its application to ultraviolet light generation," Opt. Mater. 23, 343-351 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

T. Kiss, F. Kanetaka, T. Yokoya, T. Shimojima, K. Kanai, S. Shin, Y. Onuki, T. Togashi, C. Q. Zhang, C. T. Chen, and S. Watanabe, "Photoemission spectroscopic evidence of gap anisotropy in an f-electron superconductor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 057001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (7)

Y. Zhou, G. Wang, H. Zhang, C. Li, D. Cui, Z. Xu, X. Wang, Y. Zhu, C. Chen, G. Liu, X. Dong, and X. Zhou are preparing a paper to be called "The sixth harmonic of a Nd:YVO4 laser generation in KBBF for ARPES."

S. Wu, Y. Wu, P. Fu, and C. Chen, "All solid-state 193 nm source with 5 mJ pulse energy," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper CWG7.

T. Kanai, T. Kanda, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, C. Chen, C. Zhang, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, "Generation of vacuum ultraviolet light and measurement of phase matching angles in KBBF crystal," Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2003, CLEO '03, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper CTuM1.

C. T. Chen, S. Watanabe, Z. Y. Xu, and J. Y. Wang, "Recent advances of deep and vacuum-UV harmonic generation with new borate crystals," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper CTuT3.

H. Zhang, G. Wang, L. Guo, A. Geng, Y. Bo, D. Cui, Z. Xu, R. Li, Y. Zhu, X. Wang, and C. Chen are preparing a paper to be called "175 to 210 nm tunable deep-ultraviolet light generation by the fourth harmonic of Ti:sapphire laser with KBBF."

N. Umemura, K. Yoshida, T. Kamimura, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, and K. Kato, "New data on the phase-matching properties of CsLiB6O10," in Advanced Solid-State Lasers (ASSL), M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends In Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper PD15.

C. Chuangtian, W. Guiling, W. Xiaoyang, Z. Yong, X. Zuyan, K. Teruto, and W. Shuntaro, "Improved Sellmeier equations and phase-matching characteristics in deep ultraviolet region of KBe2BO3F2 crystal," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) Theoretical shortest SHG wavelengths of different nonlinear optical crystals. Calculated using their Sellmeier equations according to [13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19].

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) Experimental setup for high-efficiency DUV generation with KBBF crystal.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) Scheme of KBBF-PCT for frequency conversion from 400 to 200   nm .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(Color online) Conversion efficiency from 400 to 200   nm versus incident peak power intensity with KBBF.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(Color online) Output power at 200   nm versus input power at 400   nm with KBBF.

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