Abstract

We report distinct laser performance of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystals cut along different principal optical axes using an unpolarized diode pump. The continuous-wave (cw) laser oscillation generated with y-cut crystal is polarized either with Ex or with Ez depending on the output coupling (T) utilized; a specific T=3% leads to a special situation in which the two orthogonal polarization states coexist oscillating at different wavelengths. The laser oscillation achieved with x- and z-cut crystals is also polarized, but with a fixed polarization of Ez and Ex, respectively. The most efficient laser operation is obtained with the y-cut crystal, generating a cw output power of 7.35W at 10831085nm with an optical-to-optical efficiency of 63%, the slope efficiency being as high as 84%.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2008

2007

J. E. Hellström, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, B. Denker, B. Galagan, L. Ivleva, S. Sverchkov, I. Voronin, and V. Horvath, “Laser performance of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 compared to Yb:KGd(WO4)2 under diode-bar pumping,” Laser Phys. 17, 1204-1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and V. Petrov, “Output-coupling-dependent polarization state of a continuous-wave Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2909-2911 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Efficient high-power laser operation of Yb:KLu(WO4)2 crystals cut along the principal optical axes,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2016-2018 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and V. Petrov, “Continuous-wave and Q-switched laser operation of Yb:NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Opt. Express 15, 12900-12904 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, X. Mateos, H. Zhang, J. Li, J. Wang, and V. Petrov, “High-power laser performance of Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 crystals cut along the crystallographic axes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 385-390 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. Casagrande, N. Deguil-Robin, B. Le Garrec, and G. L. Bourdet, “Time and spectrum resolved model for quasi-three-level gain-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 206-212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

2004

J. Kong, D. Y. Tang, J. Lu, and K. Ueda, “Spectral characteristics of a Yb-doped Y2O3 ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 449-455 (2004).

2001

S. Chénais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, A. Brun, M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Augé, J. P. Chambaret, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Multiwatt, tunable, diode-pumped CW Yb:GdCOB laser,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 389-393 (2001).

H. Zhang, X. Meng, P. Wang, L. Zhu, X. Liu, Y. Yang, R. Wang, J. Dawes, J. Piper, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Growth of Yb-doped GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystals and their spectra and laser properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 222, 309-314 (2001).

2000

1999

Aka, G.

Aron, A.

Augé, F.

Balembois, F.

Bourdet, G. L.

O. Casagrande, N. Deguil-Robin, B. Le Garrec, and G. L. Bourdet, “Time and spectrum resolved model for quasi-three-level gain-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 206-212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Brun, A.

Casagrande, O.

O. Casagrande, N. Deguil-Robin, B. Le Garrec, and G. L. Bourdet, “Time and spectrum resolved model for quasi-three-level gain-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 206-212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chambaret, J. P.

S. Chénais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, A. Brun, M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Augé, J. P. Chambaret, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Multiwatt, tunable, diode-pumped CW Yb:GdCOB laser,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 389-393 (2001).

Chénais, S.

S. Chénais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, A. Brun, M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Augé, J. P. Chambaret, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Multiwatt, tunable, diode-pumped CW Yb:GdCOB laser,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 389-393 (2001).

Coujaud, A.

Dardenne, K.

Dawes, J.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, P. Wang, L. Zhu, X. Liu, Y. Yang, R. Wang, J. Dawes, J. Piper, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Growth of Yb-doped GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystals and their spectra and laser properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 222, 309-314 (2001).

Deguil-Robin, N.

O. Casagrande, N. Deguil-Robin, B. Le Garrec, and G. L. Bourdet, “Time and spectrum resolved model for quasi-three-level gain-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 206-212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Denker, B.

J. E. Hellström, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, B. Denker, B. Galagan, L. Ivleva, S. Sverchkov, I. Voronin, and V. Horvath, “Laser performance of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 compared to Yb:KGd(WO4)2 under diode-bar pumping,” Laser Phys. 17, 1204-1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Druon, F.

Galagan, B.

J. E. Hellström, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, B. Denker, B. Galagan, L. Ivleva, S. Sverchkov, I. Voronin, and V. Horvath, “Laser performance of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 compared to Yb:KGd(WO4)2 under diode-bar pumping,” Laser Phys. 17, 1204-1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Georges, P.

Griebner, U.

Han, W.

Hellström, J. E.

J. E. Hellström, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, B. Denker, B. Galagan, L. Ivleva, S. Sverchkov, I. Voronin, and V. Horvath, “Laser performance of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 compared to Yb:KGd(WO4)2 under diode-bar pumping,” Laser Phys. 17, 1204-1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Honninger, C.

Horvath, V.

J. E. Hellström, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, B. Denker, B. Galagan, L. Ivleva, S. Sverchkov, I. Voronin, and V. Horvath, “Laser performance of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 compared to Yb:KGd(WO4)2 under diode-bar pumping,” Laser Phys. 17, 1204-1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ivleva, L.

J. E. Hellström, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, B. Denker, B. Galagan, L. Ivleva, S. Sverchkov, I. Voronin, and V. Horvath, “Laser performance of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 compared to Yb:KGd(WO4)2 under diode-bar pumping,” Laser Phys. 17, 1204-1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M.

Kahn-Harari, A.

Kong, J.

J. Kong, D. Y. Tang, J. Lu, and K. Ueda, “Spectral characteristics of a Yb-doped Y2O3 ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 449-455 (2004).

Laurell, F.

J. E. Hellström, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, B. Denker, B. Galagan, L. Ivleva, S. Sverchkov, I. Voronin, and V. Horvath, “Laser performance of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 compared to Yb:KGd(WO4)2 under diode-bar pumping,” Laser Phys. 17, 1204-1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Le Garrec, B.

O. Casagrande, N. Deguil-Robin, B. Le Garrec, and G. L. Bourdet, “Time and spectrum resolved model for quasi-three-level gain-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 206-212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

J. Liu, X. Mateos, H. Zhang, J. Li, J. Wang, and V. Petrov, “High-power laser performance of Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 crystals cut along the crystallographic axes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 385-390 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

Liu, X.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, P. Wang, L. Zhu, X. Liu, Y. Yang, R. Wang, J. Dawes, J. Piper, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Growth of Yb-doped GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystals and their spectra and laser properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 222, 309-314 (2001).

Lu, J.

J. Kong, D. Y. Tang, J. Lu, and K. Ueda, “Spectral characteristics of a Yb-doped Y2O3 ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 449-455 (2004).

Lucas-Leclin, G.

S. Chénais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, A. Brun, M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Augé, J. P. Chambaret, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Multiwatt, tunable, diode-pumped CW Yb:GdCOB laser,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 389-393 (2001).

Mateos, X.

Meng, X.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, P. Wang, L. Zhu, X. Liu, Y. Yang, R. Wang, J. Dawes, J. Piper, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Growth of Yb-doped GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystals and their spectra and laser properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 222, 309-314 (2001).

Mougel, F.

Pasiskevicius, V.

J. E. Hellström, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, B. Denker, B. Galagan, L. Ivleva, S. Sverchkov, I. Voronin, and V. Horvath, “Laser performance of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 compared to Yb:KGd(WO4)2 under diode-bar pumping,” Laser Phys. 17, 1204-1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

Piper, J.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, P. Wang, L. Zhu, X. Liu, Y. Yang, R. Wang, J. Dawes, J. Piper, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Growth of Yb-doped GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystals and their spectra and laser properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 222, 309-314 (2001).

Salin, F.

Sun, L.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, P. Wang, L. Zhu, X. Liu, Y. Yang, R. Wang, J. Dawes, J. Piper, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Growth of Yb-doped GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystals and their spectra and laser properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 222, 309-314 (2001).

Sverchkov, S.

J. E. Hellström, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, B. Denker, B. Galagan, L. Ivleva, S. Sverchkov, I. Voronin, and V. Horvath, “Laser performance of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 compared to Yb:KGd(WO4)2 under diode-bar pumping,” Laser Phys. 17, 1204-1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tang, D. Y.

J. Kong, D. Y. Tang, J. Lu, and K. Ueda, “Spectral characteristics of a Yb-doped Y2O3 ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 449-455 (2004).

Ueda, K.

J. Kong, D. Y. Tang, J. Lu, and K. Ueda, “Spectral characteristics of a Yb-doped Y2O3 ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 449-455 (2004).

Vivien, D.

Voronin, I.

J. E. Hellström, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, B. Denker, B. Galagan, L. Ivleva, S. Sverchkov, I. Voronin, and V. Horvath, “Laser performance of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 compared to Yb:KGd(WO4)2 under diode-bar pumping,” Laser Phys. 17, 1204-1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Wang, P.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, P. Wang, L. Zhu, X. Liu, Y. Yang, R. Wang, J. Dawes, J. Piper, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Growth of Yb-doped GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystals and their spectra and laser properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 222, 309-314 (2001).

Wang, R.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, P. Wang, L. Zhu, X. Liu, Y. Yang, R. Wang, J. Dawes, J. Piper, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Growth of Yb-doped GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystals and their spectra and laser properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 222, 309-314 (2001).

Yang, Y.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, P. Wang, L. Zhu, X. Liu, Y. Yang, R. Wang, J. Dawes, J. Piper, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Growth of Yb-doped GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystals and their spectra and laser properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 222, 309-314 (2001).

Zavelani-Rossi, M.

S. Chénais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, A. Brun, M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Augé, J. P. Chambaret, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Multiwatt, tunable, diode-pumped CW Yb:GdCOB laser,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 389-393 (2001).

Zhang, H.

Zhang, S.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, P. Wang, L. Zhu, X. Liu, Y. Yang, R. Wang, J. Dawes, J. Piper, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Growth of Yb-doped GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystals and their spectra and laser properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 222, 309-314 (2001).

Zhu, L.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, P. Wang, L. Zhu, X. Liu, Y. Yang, R. Wang, J. Dawes, J. Piper, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Growth of Yb-doped GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystals and their spectra and laser properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 222, 309-314 (2001).

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

S. Chénais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, A. Brun, M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Augé, J. P. Chambaret, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Multiwatt, tunable, diode-pumped CW Yb:GdCOB laser,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 389-393 (2001).

J. Kong, D. Y. Tang, J. Lu, and K. Ueda, “Spectral characteristics of a Yb-doped Y2O3 ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 449-455 (2004).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

J. Liu, X. Mateos, H. Zhang, J. Li, J. Wang, and V. Petrov, “High-power laser performance of Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 crystals cut along the crystallographic axes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 385-390 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. Casagrande, N. Deguil-Robin, B. Le Garrec, and G. L. Bourdet, “Time and spectrum resolved model for quasi-three-level gain-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 206-212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth

H. Zhang, X. Meng, P. Wang, L. Zhu, X. Liu, Y. Yang, R. Wang, J. Dawes, J. Piper, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Growth of Yb-doped GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystals and their spectra and laser properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 222, 309-314 (2001).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Laser Phys.

J. E. Hellström, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, B. Denker, B. Galagan, L. Ivleva, S. Sverchkov, I. Voronin, and V. Horvath, “Laser performance of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 compared to Yb:KGd(WO4)2 under diode-bar pumping,” Laser Phys. 17, 1204-1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Output power versus absorbed pump power obtained with the y-cut crystal for output couplings of T = 0.5 % and 1%.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output power versus absorbed pump power obtained with the y-cut crystal for output couplings of T = 5 % and 10%.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Laser emission spectra of the y-cut crystal, recorded at P abs = 7.37 W for different output couplings of T = 0.5 % 10 % .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output power versus absorbed pump power obtained with the y-cut crystal for output coupling of T = 3 % .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Evolution of the laser emission spectra with the output power level obtained with the y-cut crystal with T = 3 % , showing the coexistence of the two orthogonal polarization states.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Output power versus absorbed pump power obtained with the z-cut crystal for output couplings of T = 0.5 % 10 % .

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Laser emission spectra of the z-cut crystal, recorded for different output couplings of T = 0.5 % 10 % .

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Output power versus absorbed pump power obtained with the x-cut crystal for output couplings of T = 0.5 % 3 % .

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Laser emission spectra of the x-cut crystal, recorded for different output couplings of T = 0.5 % 3 % .

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Summary of the Laser Performance Achieved with the x-, y-, and z-Cut Yb:GdCOB Crystals a

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