Abstract

We propose one-dimensional photonic bandgap (PB) dielectric structures to be used at grazing incidence in order to obtain an extended bandgap exhibiting considerably reduced reflection loss and dispersion compared to similar structures used at a normal incidence of light. The well-known quarter-wave condition is applied for the design in this specific case, resulting in resonance-free reflection bands without drops in reflection versus wavelength function and a monotonous variation of the group delay dispersion versus wavelength function, which are important issues in femtosecond pulse laser applications. Based on these results we extend our studies to two-dimensional PB structures and provide guidelines to the design of leaking mode-free hollow-core Bragg PB fibers providing anomalous dispersion over most of the bandgap.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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