Abstract

Since 1995, the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME) has measured solar and backscattered spectra in the ultraviolet and visible wavelength range. Now, the extensive data set of the most important calibration parameters has been investigated thoroughly in order to analyze the long-term stability and performance of the instrument. This study focuses on GOME in-flight calibration and degradation for the solar path. Monitoring the sensor degradation yields an intensity decrease of 70% to 90% in 240316nm and 35% to 65% in 311415nm. The spectral calibration is very stable over the whole period, although a very complex interaction between predisperser temperature and wavelength was found. The leakage current and the pixel-to-pixel gain increased significantly during the mission, which requires an accurate correction of the measured radiance and irradiance signals using proper calibration parameters. Finally, several outliers in the data sets can be directly assigned to instrument and satellite anomalies.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  27. E. Hilsenrath, D. E. Williams, R. T. Caffrey, R. P. Cebula, and S. J. Hynes, “Calibration and radiometric stability of the Shuttle Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet (SSBUV) Experiment,” Metrologia 30, 243-248 (1993).
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    [CrossRef]
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2007 (2)

D. Balis, J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, R. Spurr, D. Loyola, Y. Livschitz, P. Valks, V. Amiridis, P. Gerard, J. Granville, and C. Zehner, “Ten years of GOME/ERS2 total ozone data. The new GOME data processor (GDP) version 4: 2. Ground-based validation and comparisons with TOMS V7/V8,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D07307 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Loyola, W. Thomas, Y. Livschitz, T. Ruppert, P. Albert, and R. Hollmann, “Cloud properties derived from GOME/ERS-2 backscatter data for trace gas retrieval,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 45, 2747-2758 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

M. van Roozendael, D. Loyola, R. Spurr, D. Balis, J.-C. Lambert, Y. Livschitz, P. Valks, T. Ruppert, P. Kenter, C. Fayt, and C. Zehner, “Ten years of GOME/ERS-2 total ozone data. The new GOME data processor (GDP) version 4:1. Algorithm description,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, D14311 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

J. M. Krijger, C. P. Tanzi, I. Aben, and F. Paul, “Validation of GOME polarization measurements by method of limiting atmospheres,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, D07305 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, K. Chance, C. E. Sioris, R. J. D. Spurr, T. P. Kurosu, R. V. Martin, and M. J. Newchurch, “Ozone profile and tropospheric ozone retrievals from the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment: algorithm description and validation,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, D20307 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Spurr, D. Loyola, W. Thomas, W. Balzer, E. Mikusch, B. Aberle, S. Slijkhuis, T. Ruppert, M. van Roozendael, J.-C. Lambert, and T. Soebijanta, “GOME level 1-to-2 data processor version 3.0: a major upgrade of the GOME/ERS-2 total ozone retrieval algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 44, 7196-7202 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

J. R. Heirtzler, “The future of the South Atlantic anomaly and implications for radiation damage in space,” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 64, 1701-1708 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

J. P. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. V. Rozanov, A. Ladstädter-Weissenmayer, A. Richter, R. de Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstedt, K.-U. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, and D. Perner, “The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 151-175 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

R. O. Green, “Spectral calibration requirement for Earth-looking imaging spectrometers in the solar-reflected spectrum,” Appl. Opt. 37, 683-690 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Weber, J. P. Burrows, and R. P. Cebula, “GOME solar UV/VIS irradiance measurements between 1995 and 1997: first results on proxy solar activity studies,” Sol. Phys. 177, 63-77 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

R. P. Cebula, E. Hilsenrath, P. W. DeCamp, K. Laamann, S. Janz, and K. McCullough, “The SSBUV experiment wavelength scale and stability: 1988 to 1994,” Metrologia 32, 633-636 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. Jaross, A. Krueger, R. P. Cebula, C. Seftor, U. Hartmann, R. Haring, and D. Burchfield, “Calibration and postlaunch performance of the Meteor 3/TOMS instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 2985-2995 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

E. Hilsenrath, D. E. Williams, R. T. Caffrey, R. P. Cebula, and S. J. Hynes, “Calibration and radiometric stability of the Shuttle Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet (SSBUV) Experiment,” Metrologia 30, 243-248 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1988 (1)

R. P. Cebula, H. Park, and D. F. Heath, “Characterization of the Nimbus-7 SBUV radiometer for the long-term monitoring of stratospheric ozone,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 5, 215-227 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Aben, I.

J. M. Krijger, C. P. Tanzi, I. Aben, and F. Paul, “Validation of GOME polarization measurements by method of limiting atmospheres,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, D07305 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Krijger, I. Aben, and J. Landgraf, “CHEOPS-GOME: WP2.1: Study of instrument degradation,” Tech. Rep. SRON-EOS/RP/05-018 (European Space Agency, 2005).

I. Aben, M. Eisinger, E. Hegels, and C. Tanzi, “GDAQI final report,” Tech. Rep. TN-GDAQI-003 SR/2000 (European Space Agency/ESRIN, 2000), http://wdc.dlr.de/sensors/gome/degradation_files/literature/gdaqi_final.pdf.gz.

Aberle, B.

R. Spurr, D. Loyola, W. Thomas, W. Balzer, E. Mikusch, B. Aberle, S. Slijkhuis, T. Ruppert, M. van Roozendael, J.-C. Lambert, and T. Soebijanta, “GOME level 1-to-2 data processor version 3.0: a major upgrade of the GOME/ERS-2 total ozone retrieval algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 44, 7196-7202 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Loyola, W. Balzer, B. Aberle, M. Bittner, K. Kretschel, H. Muehle, T. Ruppert, C. Schmid, S. Slijkhuis, R. Spurr, W. Thomas, T. Wieland, and M. Wolfmueller, “Ground segment for ERS-2/GOME sensor at the German D-PAF,” in 3rd ERS Scientific Symposium, Special Publication SP-414 (European Space Agency, 1997), Vol. II, pp. 591-596.

B. Aberle, W. Balzer, A. von Bargen, E. Hegels, D. Loyola, and R. Spurr, “GOME level 0-to-1 algorithms description,” Tech. Rep. ER-TN-DLR-GO-022 (German Aerospace Center, 2002), Issue/Revision 5/B, http://earth.esrin.esa.it/pub/ESA_DOC/GOME/.

M. Coldewey-Egbers, S. Slijkhuis, B. Aberle, and D. Loyola, “ERS-2 GOME GDP level 0-to-1 improvements, software verification report,” Tech. Rep. ER-TN-DLR-GO-050 (German Aerospace Center, 2006), Issue 1.

Albert, P.

D. Loyola, W. Thomas, Y. Livschitz, T. Ruppert, P. Albert, and R. Hollmann, “Cloud properties derived from GOME/ERS-2 backscatter data for trace gas retrieval,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 45, 2747-2758 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Amiridis, V.

D. Balis, J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, R. Spurr, D. Loyola, Y. Livschitz, P. Valks, V. Amiridis, P. Gerard, J. Granville, and C. Zehner, “Ten years of GOME/ERS2 total ozone data. The new GOME data processor (GDP) version 4: 2. Ground-based validation and comparisons with TOMS V7/V8,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D07307 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Balis, D.

D. Balis, J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, R. Spurr, D. Loyola, Y. Livschitz, P. Valks, V. Amiridis, P. Gerard, J. Granville, and C. Zehner, “Ten years of GOME/ERS2 total ozone data. The new GOME data processor (GDP) version 4: 2. Ground-based validation and comparisons with TOMS V7/V8,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D07307 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. van Roozendael, D. Loyola, R. Spurr, D. Balis, J.-C. Lambert, Y. Livschitz, P. Valks, T. Ruppert, P. Kenter, C. Fayt, and C. Zehner, “Ten years of GOME/ERS-2 total ozone data. The new GOME data processor (GDP) version 4:1. Algorithm description,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, D14311 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Balzer, W.

R. Spurr, D. Loyola, W. Thomas, W. Balzer, E. Mikusch, B. Aberle, S. Slijkhuis, T. Ruppert, M. van Roozendael, J.-C. Lambert, and T. Soebijanta, “GOME level 1-to-2 data processor version 3.0: a major upgrade of the GOME/ERS-2 total ozone retrieval algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 44, 7196-7202 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Loyola, W. Balzer, B. Aberle, M. Bittner, K. Kretschel, H. Muehle, T. Ruppert, C. Schmid, S. Slijkhuis, R. Spurr, W. Thomas, T. Wieland, and M. Wolfmueller, “Ground segment for ERS-2/GOME sensor at the German D-PAF,” in 3rd ERS Scientific Symposium, Special Publication SP-414 (European Space Agency, 1997), Vol. II, pp. 591-596.

B. Aberle, W. Balzer, A. von Bargen, E. Hegels, D. Loyola, and R. Spurr, “GOME level 0-to-1 algorithms description,” Tech. Rep. ER-TN-DLR-GO-022 (German Aerospace Center, 2002), Issue/Revision 5/B, http://earth.esrin.esa.it/pub/ESA_DOC/GOME/.

Bittner, M.

D. Loyola, W. Balzer, B. Aberle, M. Bittner, K. Kretschel, H. Muehle, T. Ruppert, C. Schmid, S. Slijkhuis, R. Spurr, W. Thomas, T. Wieland, and M. Wolfmueller, “Ground segment for ERS-2/GOME sensor at the German D-PAF,” in 3rd ERS Scientific Symposium, Special Publication SP-414 (European Space Agency, 1997), Vol. II, pp. 591-596.

Bramstedt, K.

J. P. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. V. Rozanov, A. Ladstädter-Weissenmayer, A. Richter, R. de Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstedt, K.-U. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, and D. Perner, “The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 151-175 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Brault, J. W.

Buchwitz, M.

J. P. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. V. Rozanov, A. Ladstädter-Weissenmayer, A. Richter, R. de Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstedt, K.-U. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, and D. Perner, “The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 151-175 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Burchfield, D.

G. Jaross, A. Krueger, R. P. Cebula, C. Seftor, U. Hartmann, R. Haring, and D. Burchfield, “Calibration and postlaunch performance of the Meteor 3/TOMS instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 2985-2995 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Burrows, J. P.

J. P. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. V. Rozanov, A. Ladstädter-Weissenmayer, A. Richter, R. de Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstedt, K.-U. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, and D. Perner, “The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 151-175 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Weber, J. P. Burrows, and R. P. Cebula, “GOME solar UV/VIS irradiance measurements between 1995 and 1997: first results on proxy solar activity studies,” Sol. Phys. 177, 63-77 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Caffrey, R. T.

E. Hilsenrath, D. E. Williams, R. T. Caffrey, R. P. Cebula, and S. J. Hynes, “Calibration and radiometric stability of the Shuttle Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet (SSBUV) Experiment,” Metrologia 30, 243-248 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Cebula, R. P.

M. Weber, J. P. Burrows, and R. P. Cebula, “GOME solar UV/VIS irradiance measurements between 1995 and 1997: first results on proxy solar activity studies,” Sol. Phys. 177, 63-77 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Cebula, E. Hilsenrath, P. W. DeCamp, K. Laamann, S. Janz, and K. McCullough, “The SSBUV experiment wavelength scale and stability: 1988 to 1994,” Metrologia 32, 633-636 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. Jaross, A. Krueger, R. P. Cebula, C. Seftor, U. Hartmann, R. Haring, and D. Burchfield, “Calibration and postlaunch performance of the Meteor 3/TOMS instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 2985-2995 (1995).
[CrossRef]

E. Hilsenrath, D. E. Williams, R. T. Caffrey, R. P. Cebula, and S. J. Hynes, “Calibration and radiometric stability of the Shuttle Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet (SSBUV) Experiment,” Metrologia 30, 243-248 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Cebula, H. Park, and D. F. Heath, “Characterization of the Nimbus-7 SBUV radiometer for the long-term monitoring of stratospheric ozone,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 5, 215-227 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Chance, K.

X. Liu, K. Chance, C. E. Sioris, R. J. D. Spurr, T. P. Kurosu, R. V. Martin, and M. J. Newchurch, “Ozone profile and tropospheric ozone retrievals from the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment: algorithm description and validation,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, D20307 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Coldewey-Egbers, M.

M. Coldewey-Egbers, S. Slijkhuis, B. Aberle, and D. Loyola, “ERS-2 GOME GDP level 0-to-1 improvements, software verification report,” Tech. Rep. ER-TN-DLR-GO-050 (German Aerospace Center, 2006), Issue 1.

M. Coldewey-Egbers, S. Slijkhuis, and D. Loyola, “ERS-2 GOME long term monitoring of GOME calibration parameters,” Tech. Rep. ER-TN-DLR-GO-0000 (DLR, 2006), Issue 2/A.

de Beek, R.

J. P. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. V. Rozanov, A. Ladstädter-Weissenmayer, A. Richter, R. de Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstedt, K.-U. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, and D. Perner, “The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 151-175 (1999).
[CrossRef]

DeCamp, P. W.

R. P. Cebula, E. Hilsenrath, P. W. DeCamp, K. Laamann, S. Janz, and K. McCullough, “The SSBUV experiment wavelength scale and stability: 1988 to 1994,” Metrologia 32, 633-636 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dehn, A.

A. Dehn, “Long term monitoring of GOME diffuser reflectivity and dark signal analysis,” Tech. Rep. ERS2-GO-DDS-TN-006 (European Space Agency-European Space Research Institute, 2001), Issue 1.0.

A. Dehn, “GOME diffuser and dark signal trends (June 1995-June 2002),” (European Space Agency, 2002), http://earth.esa.int/ers/instruments/gome/gome_quality/diffuserdark_upjune02f55.html.

Dobber, M.

M. Dobber, “OMI in-flight calibration plan,” Tech. Rep. PL-OMIE-KNMI-393 (Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, 2003), Issue 2.

Eichmann, K.-U.

J. P. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. V. Rozanov, A. Ladstädter-Weissenmayer, A. Richter, R. de Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstedt, K.-U. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, and D. Perner, “The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 151-175 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Eisinger, M.

J. P. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. V. Rozanov, A. Ladstädter-Weissenmayer, A. Richter, R. de Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstedt, K.-U. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, and D. Perner, “The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 151-175 (1999).
[CrossRef]

I. Aben, M. Eisinger, E. Hegels, and C. Tanzi, “GDAQI final report,” Tech. Rep. TN-GDAQI-003 SR/2000 (European Space Agency/ESRIN, 2000), http://wdc.dlr.de/sensors/gome/degradation_files/literature/gdaqi_final.pdf.gz.

Fayt, C.

M. van Roozendael, D. Loyola, R. Spurr, D. Balis, J.-C. Lambert, Y. Livschitz, P. Valks, T. Ruppert, P. Kenter, C. Fayt, and C. Zehner, “Ten years of GOME/ERS-2 total ozone data. The new GOME data processor (GDP) version 4:1. Algorithm description,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, D14311 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gerard, P.

D. Balis, J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, R. Spurr, D. Loyola, Y. Livschitz, P. Valks, V. Amiridis, P. Gerard, J. Granville, and C. Zehner, “Ten years of GOME/ERS2 total ozone data. The new GOME data processor (GDP) version 4: 2. Ground-based validation and comparisons with TOMS V7/V8,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D07307 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Granville, J.

D. Balis, J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, R. Spurr, D. Loyola, Y. Livschitz, P. Valks, V. Amiridis, P. Gerard, J. Granville, and C. Zehner, “Ten years of GOME/ERS2 total ozone data. The new GOME data processor (GDP) version 4: 2. Ground-based validation and comparisons with TOMS V7/V8,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D07307 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Green, R. O.

Haring, R.

G. Jaross, A. Krueger, R. P. Cebula, C. Seftor, U. Hartmann, R. Haring, and D. Burchfield, “Calibration and postlaunch performance of the Meteor 3/TOMS instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 2985-2995 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hartmann, U.

G. Jaross, A. Krueger, R. P. Cebula, C. Seftor, U. Hartmann, R. Haring, and D. Burchfield, “Calibration and postlaunch performance of the Meteor 3/TOMS instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 2985-2995 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Heath, D. F.

R. P. Cebula, H. Park, and D. F. Heath, “Characterization of the Nimbus-7 SBUV radiometer for the long-term monitoring of stratospheric ozone,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 5, 215-227 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Hegels, E.

I. Aben, M. Eisinger, E. Hegels, and C. Tanzi, “GDAQI final report,” Tech. Rep. TN-GDAQI-003 SR/2000 (European Space Agency/ESRIN, 2000), http://wdc.dlr.de/sensors/gome/degradation_files/literature/gdaqi_final.pdf.gz.

B. Aberle, W. Balzer, A. von Bargen, E. Hegels, D. Loyola, and R. Spurr, “GOME level 0-to-1 algorithms description,” Tech. Rep. ER-TN-DLR-GO-022 (German Aerospace Center, 2002), Issue/Revision 5/B, http://earth.esrin.esa.it/pub/ESA_DOC/GOME/.

Heirtzler, J. R.

J. R. Heirtzler, “The future of the South Atlantic anomaly and implications for radiation damage in space,” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 64, 1701-1708 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hilsenrath, E.

R. P. Cebula, E. Hilsenrath, P. W. DeCamp, K. Laamann, S. Janz, and K. McCullough, “The SSBUV experiment wavelength scale and stability: 1988 to 1994,” Metrologia 32, 633-636 (1995).
[CrossRef]

E. Hilsenrath, D. E. Williams, R. T. Caffrey, R. P. Cebula, and S. J. Hynes, “Calibration and radiometric stability of the Shuttle Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet (SSBUV) Experiment,” Metrologia 30, 243-248 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hollmann, R.

D. Loyola, W. Thomas, Y. Livschitz, T. Ruppert, P. Albert, and R. Hollmann, “Cloud properties derived from GOME/ERS-2 backscatter data for trace gas retrieval,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 45, 2747-2758 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hoogen, R.

J. P. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. V. Rozanov, A. Ladstädter-Weissenmayer, A. Richter, R. de Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstedt, K.-U. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, and D. Perner, “The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 151-175 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hynes, S. J.

E. Hilsenrath, D. E. Williams, R. T. Caffrey, R. P. Cebula, and S. J. Hynes, “Calibration and radiometric stability of the Shuttle Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet (SSBUV) Experiment,” Metrologia 30, 243-248 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Janz, S.

R. P. Cebula, E. Hilsenrath, P. W. DeCamp, K. Laamann, S. Janz, and K. McCullough, “The SSBUV experiment wavelength scale and stability: 1988 to 1994,” Metrologia 32, 633-636 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jaross, G.

G. Jaross, A. Krueger, R. P. Cebula, C. Seftor, U. Hartmann, R. Haring, and D. Burchfield, “Calibration and postlaunch performance of the Meteor 3/TOMS instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 2985-2995 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kenter, P.

M. van Roozendael, D. Loyola, R. Spurr, D. Balis, J.-C. Lambert, Y. Livschitz, P. Valks, T. Ruppert, P. Kenter, C. Fayt, and C. Zehner, “Ten years of GOME/ERS-2 total ozone data. The new GOME data processor (GDP) version 4:1. Algorithm description,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, D14311 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kretschel, K.

D. Loyola, W. Balzer, B. Aberle, M. Bittner, K. Kretschel, H. Muehle, T. Ruppert, C. Schmid, S. Slijkhuis, R. Spurr, W. Thomas, T. Wieland, and M. Wolfmueller, “Ground segment for ERS-2/GOME sensor at the German D-PAF,” in 3rd ERS Scientific Symposium, Special Publication SP-414 (European Space Agency, 1997), Vol. II, pp. 591-596.

Krijger, J. M.

J. M. Krijger, C. P. Tanzi, I. Aben, and F. Paul, “Validation of GOME polarization measurements by method of limiting atmospheres,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, D07305 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Krijger, I. Aben, and J. Landgraf, “CHEOPS-GOME: WP2.1: Study of instrument degradation,” Tech. Rep. SRON-EOS/RP/05-018 (European Space Agency, 2005).

Krueger, A.

G. Jaross, A. Krueger, R. P. Cebula, C. Seftor, U. Hartmann, R. Haring, and D. Burchfield, “Calibration and postlaunch performance of the Meteor 3/TOMS instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 2985-2995 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kurosu, T. P.

X. Liu, K. Chance, C. E. Sioris, R. J. D. Spurr, T. P. Kurosu, R. V. Martin, and M. J. Newchurch, “Ozone profile and tropospheric ozone retrievals from the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment: algorithm description and validation,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, D20307 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Laamann, K.

R. P. Cebula, E. Hilsenrath, P. W. DeCamp, K. Laamann, S. Janz, and K. McCullough, “The SSBUV experiment wavelength scale and stability: 1988 to 1994,” Metrologia 32, 633-636 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ladstädter-Weissenmayer, A.

J. P. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. V. Rozanov, A. Ladstädter-Weissenmayer, A. Richter, R. de Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstedt, K.-U. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, and D. Perner, “The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 151-175 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lambert, J.-C.

D. Balis, J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, R. Spurr, D. Loyola, Y. Livschitz, P. Valks, V. Amiridis, P. Gerard, J. Granville, and C. Zehner, “Ten years of GOME/ERS2 total ozone data. The new GOME data processor (GDP) version 4: 2. Ground-based validation and comparisons with TOMS V7/V8,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D07307 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. van Roozendael, D. Loyola, R. Spurr, D. Balis, J.-C. Lambert, Y. Livschitz, P. Valks, T. Ruppert, P. Kenter, C. Fayt, and C. Zehner, “Ten years of GOME/ERS-2 total ozone data. The new GOME data processor (GDP) version 4:1. Algorithm description,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, D14311 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Spurr, D. Loyola, W. Thomas, W. Balzer, E. Mikusch, B. Aberle, S. Slijkhuis, T. Ruppert, M. van Roozendael, J.-C. Lambert, and T. Soebijanta, “GOME level 1-to-2 data processor version 3.0: a major upgrade of the GOME/ERS-2 total ozone retrieval algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 44, 7196-7202 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Landgraf, J.

J. M. Krijger, I. Aben, and J. Landgraf, “CHEOPS-GOME: WP2.1: Study of instrument degradation,” Tech. Rep. SRON-EOS/RP/05-018 (European Space Agency, 2005).

Liu, X.

X. Liu, K. Chance, C. E. Sioris, R. J. D. Spurr, T. P. Kurosu, R. V. Martin, and M. J. Newchurch, “Ozone profile and tropospheric ozone retrievals from the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment: algorithm description and validation,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, D20307 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Livschitz, Y.

D. Balis, J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, R. Spurr, D. Loyola, Y. Livschitz, P. Valks, V. Amiridis, P. Gerard, J. Granville, and C. Zehner, “Ten years of GOME/ERS2 total ozone data. The new GOME data processor (GDP) version 4: 2. Ground-based validation and comparisons with TOMS V7/V8,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D07307 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Loyola, W. Thomas, Y. Livschitz, T. Ruppert, P. Albert, and R. Hollmann, “Cloud properties derived from GOME/ERS-2 backscatter data for trace gas retrieval,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 45, 2747-2758 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. van Roozendael, D. Loyola, R. Spurr, D. Balis, J.-C. Lambert, Y. Livschitz, P. Valks, T. Ruppert, P. Kenter, C. Fayt, and C. Zehner, “Ten years of GOME/ERS-2 total ozone data. The new GOME data processor (GDP) version 4:1. Algorithm description,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, D14311 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Loyola, D.

D. Loyola, W. Thomas, Y. Livschitz, T. Ruppert, P. Albert, and R. Hollmann, “Cloud properties derived from GOME/ERS-2 backscatter data for trace gas retrieval,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 45, 2747-2758 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Balis, J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, R. Spurr, D. Loyola, Y. Livschitz, P. Valks, V. Amiridis, P. Gerard, J. Granville, and C. Zehner, “Ten years of GOME/ERS2 total ozone data. The new GOME data processor (GDP) version 4: 2. Ground-based validation and comparisons with TOMS V7/V8,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D07307 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. van Roozendael, D. Loyola, R. Spurr, D. Balis, J.-C. Lambert, Y. Livschitz, P. Valks, T. Ruppert, P. Kenter, C. Fayt, and C. Zehner, “Ten years of GOME/ERS-2 total ozone data. The new GOME data processor (GDP) version 4:1. Algorithm description,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, D14311 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Spurr, D. Loyola, W. Thomas, W. Balzer, E. Mikusch, B. Aberle, S. Slijkhuis, T. Ruppert, M. van Roozendael, J.-C. Lambert, and T. Soebijanta, “GOME level 1-to-2 data processor version 3.0: a major upgrade of the GOME/ERS-2 total ozone retrieval algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 44, 7196-7202 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Loyola, W. Balzer, B. Aberle, M. Bittner, K. Kretschel, H. Muehle, T. Ruppert, C. Schmid, S. Slijkhuis, R. Spurr, W. Thomas, T. Wieland, and M. Wolfmueller, “Ground segment for ERS-2/GOME sensor at the German D-PAF,” in 3rd ERS Scientific Symposium, Special Publication SP-414 (European Space Agency, 1997), Vol. II, pp. 591-596.

M. Coldewey-Egbers, S. Slijkhuis, and D. Loyola, “ERS-2 GOME long term monitoring of GOME calibration parameters,” Tech. Rep. ER-TN-DLR-GO-0000 (DLR, 2006), Issue 2/A.

M. Coldewey-Egbers, S. Slijkhuis, B. Aberle, and D. Loyola, “ERS-2 GOME GDP level 0-to-1 improvements, software verification report,” Tech. Rep. ER-TN-DLR-GO-050 (German Aerospace Center, 2006), Issue 1.

B. Aberle, W. Balzer, A. von Bargen, E. Hegels, D. Loyola, and R. Spurr, “GOME level 0-to-1 algorithms description,” Tech. Rep. ER-TN-DLR-GO-022 (German Aerospace Center, 2002), Issue/Revision 5/B, http://earth.esrin.esa.it/pub/ESA_DOC/GOME/.

Martin, R. V.

X. Liu, K. Chance, C. E. Sioris, R. J. D. Spurr, T. P. Kurosu, R. V. Martin, and M. J. Newchurch, “Ozone profile and tropospheric ozone retrievals from the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment: algorithm description and validation,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, D20307 (2005).
[CrossRef]

McCullough, K.

R. P. Cebula, E. Hilsenrath, P. W. DeCamp, K. Laamann, S. Janz, and K. McCullough, “The SSBUV experiment wavelength scale and stability: 1988 to 1994,” Metrologia 32, 633-636 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mikusch, E.

Mount, G. H.

Muehle, H.

D. Loyola, W. Balzer, B. Aberle, M. Bittner, K. Kretschel, H. Muehle, T. Ruppert, C. Schmid, S. Slijkhuis, R. Spurr, W. Thomas, T. Wieland, and M. Wolfmueller, “Ground segment for ERS-2/GOME sensor at the German D-PAF,” in 3rd ERS Scientific Symposium, Special Publication SP-414 (European Space Agency, 1997), Vol. II, pp. 591-596.

Murray, J. E.

J. E. Murray, Atlas of the spectrum of a platinum/chromium/neon hollow-cathode reference lamp in the region 240-790 nm, Final Report to European Space Agency (John Wheaton Associates, 1994).

Newchurch, M. J.

X. Liu, K. Chance, C. E. Sioris, R. J. D. Spurr, T. P. Kurosu, R. V. Martin, and M. J. Newchurch, “Ozone profile and tropospheric ozone retrievals from the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment: algorithm description and validation,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, D20307 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Park, H.

R. P. Cebula, H. Park, and D. F. Heath, “Characterization of the Nimbus-7 SBUV radiometer for the long-term monitoring of stratospheric ozone,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 5, 215-227 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Paul, F.

J. M. Krijger, C. P. Tanzi, I. Aben, and F. Paul, “Validation of GOME polarization measurements by method of limiting atmospheres,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, D07305 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Perner, D.

J. P. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. V. Rozanov, A. Ladstädter-Weissenmayer, A. Richter, R. de Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstedt, K.-U. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, and D. Perner, “The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 151-175 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Press, W. H.

W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, and W. T. Vetterling, Numerical Recipes in Fortran 77 (Cambridge U. Press, 1992).

Richter, A.

J. P. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. V. Rozanov, A. Ladstädter-Weissenmayer, A. Richter, R. de Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstedt, K.-U. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, and D. Perner, “The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 151-175 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rozanov, V. V.

J. P. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. V. Rozanov, A. Ladstädter-Weissenmayer, A. Richter, R. de Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstedt, K.-U. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, and D. Perner, “The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 151-175 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ruppert, T.

D. Loyola, W. Thomas, Y. Livschitz, T. Ruppert, P. Albert, and R. Hollmann, “Cloud properties derived from GOME/ERS-2 backscatter data for trace gas retrieval,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 45, 2747-2758 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. van Roozendael, D. Loyola, R. Spurr, D. Balis, J.-C. Lambert, Y. Livschitz, P. Valks, T. Ruppert, P. Kenter, C. Fayt, and C. Zehner, “Ten years of GOME/ERS-2 total ozone data. The new GOME data processor (GDP) version 4:1. Algorithm description,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, D14311 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Spurr, D. Loyola, W. Thomas, W. Balzer, E. Mikusch, B. Aberle, S. Slijkhuis, T. Ruppert, M. van Roozendael, J.-C. Lambert, and T. Soebijanta, “GOME level 1-to-2 data processor version 3.0: a major upgrade of the GOME/ERS-2 total ozone retrieval algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 44, 7196-7202 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Loyola, W. Balzer, B. Aberle, M. Bittner, K. Kretschel, H. Muehle, T. Ruppert, C. Schmid, S. Slijkhuis, R. Spurr, W. Thomas, T. Wieland, and M. Wolfmueller, “Ground segment for ERS-2/GOME sensor at the German D-PAF,” in 3rd ERS Scientific Symposium, Special Publication SP-414 (European Space Agency, 1997), Vol. II, pp. 591-596.

Sanders, R. W.

Schmid, C.

D. Loyola, W. Balzer, B. Aberle, M. Bittner, K. Kretschel, H. Muehle, T. Ruppert, C. Schmid, S. Slijkhuis, R. Spurr, W. Thomas, T. Wieland, and M. Wolfmueller, “Ground segment for ERS-2/GOME sensor at the German D-PAF,” in 3rd ERS Scientific Symposium, Special Publication SP-414 (European Space Agency, 1997), Vol. II, pp. 591-596.

Seftor, C.

G. Jaross, A. Krueger, R. P. Cebula, C. Seftor, U. Hartmann, R. Haring, and D. Burchfield, “Calibration and postlaunch performance of the Meteor 3/TOMS instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 2985-2995 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sioris, C. E.

X. Liu, K. Chance, C. E. Sioris, R. J. D. Spurr, T. P. Kurosu, R. V. Martin, and M. J. Newchurch, “Ozone profile and tropospheric ozone retrievals from the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment: algorithm description and validation,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, D20307 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Slijkhuis, S.

R. Spurr, D. Loyola, W. Thomas, W. Balzer, E. Mikusch, B. Aberle, S. Slijkhuis, T. Ruppert, M. van Roozendael, J.-C. Lambert, and T. Soebijanta, “GOME level 1-to-2 data processor version 3.0: a major upgrade of the GOME/ERS-2 total ozone retrieval algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 44, 7196-7202 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Loyola, W. Balzer, B. Aberle, M. Bittner, K. Kretschel, H. Muehle, T. Ruppert, C. Schmid, S. Slijkhuis, R. Spurr, W. Thomas, T. Wieland, and M. Wolfmueller, “Ground segment for ERS-2/GOME sensor at the German D-PAF,” in 3rd ERS Scientific Symposium, Special Publication SP-414 (European Space Agency, 1997), Vol. II, pp. 591-596.

M. Coldewey-Egbers, S. Slijkhuis, and D. Loyola, “ERS-2 GOME long term monitoring of GOME calibration parameters,” Tech. Rep. ER-TN-DLR-GO-0000 (DLR, 2006), Issue 2/A.

A. von Bargen and S. Slijkhuis, “Wavelength calibration of GOME spectra utilising cross-correlation,” in ESAMS '99--European Symposium on Atmospheric Measurements from Space, Publication WPP-161 (European Space Agency, 1999), pp. 709-713.

S. Slijkhuis, “ENVISAT-1 SCIAMACHY level 0-to-1c processing algorithm theoretical basis document,” Tech. Rep. ENV-ATB-DLR-SCIA-0041 (German Aerospace Center, 1999), Issue 1, http://earth.esa.int/services/sample_products/sciamachy/documentation/SCIAMACHY/.

M. Coldewey-Egbers, S. Slijkhuis, B. Aberle, and D. Loyola, “ERS-2 GOME GDP level 0-to-1 improvements, software verification report,” Tech. Rep. ER-TN-DLR-GO-050 (German Aerospace Center, 2006), Issue 1.

Snel, R.

R. Snel, “In-orbit optical path degradation: GOME experience and SCIAMACHY prediction,” in Proceedings of the ERS-ENVISAT Symposium, Special Publication SP-461 (European Space Agency, 2001), CD-ROM.

Soebijanta, T.

Spurr, R.

D. Balis, J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, R. Spurr, D. Loyola, Y. Livschitz, P. Valks, V. Amiridis, P. Gerard, J. Granville, and C. Zehner, “Ten years of GOME/ERS2 total ozone data. The new GOME data processor (GDP) version 4: 2. Ground-based validation and comparisons with TOMS V7/V8,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D07307 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. van Roozendael, D. Loyola, R. Spurr, D. Balis, J.-C. Lambert, Y. Livschitz, P. Valks, T. Ruppert, P. Kenter, C. Fayt, and C. Zehner, “Ten years of GOME/ERS-2 total ozone data. The new GOME data processor (GDP) version 4:1. Algorithm description,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, D14311 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Spurr, D. Loyola, W. Thomas, W. Balzer, E. Mikusch, B. Aberle, S. Slijkhuis, T. Ruppert, M. van Roozendael, J.-C. Lambert, and T. Soebijanta, “GOME level 1-to-2 data processor version 3.0: a major upgrade of the GOME/ERS-2 total ozone retrieval algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 44, 7196-7202 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Loyola, W. Balzer, B. Aberle, M. Bittner, K. Kretschel, H. Muehle, T. Ruppert, C. Schmid, S. Slijkhuis, R. Spurr, W. Thomas, T. Wieland, and M. Wolfmueller, “Ground segment for ERS-2/GOME sensor at the German D-PAF,” in 3rd ERS Scientific Symposium, Special Publication SP-414 (European Space Agency, 1997), Vol. II, pp. 591-596.

B. Aberle, W. Balzer, A. von Bargen, E. Hegels, D. Loyola, and R. Spurr, “GOME level 0-to-1 algorithms description,” Tech. Rep. ER-TN-DLR-GO-022 (German Aerospace Center, 2002), Issue/Revision 5/B, http://earth.esrin.esa.it/pub/ESA_DOC/GOME/.

Spurr, R. J. D.

X. Liu, K. Chance, C. E. Sioris, R. J. D. Spurr, T. P. Kurosu, R. V. Martin, and M. J. Newchurch, “Ozone profile and tropospheric ozone retrievals from the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment: algorithm description and validation,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, D20307 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tanzi, C.

I. Aben, M. Eisinger, E. Hegels, and C. Tanzi, “GDAQI final report,” Tech. Rep. TN-GDAQI-003 SR/2000 (European Space Agency/ESRIN, 2000), http://wdc.dlr.de/sensors/gome/degradation_files/literature/gdaqi_final.pdf.gz.

Tanzi, C. P.

J. M. Krijger, C. P. Tanzi, I. Aben, and F. Paul, “Validation of GOME polarization measurements by method of limiting atmospheres,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, D07305 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Teukolsky, S. A.

W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, and W. T. Vetterling, Numerical Recipes in Fortran 77 (Cambridge U. Press, 1992).

Thomas, W.

D. Loyola, W. Thomas, Y. Livschitz, T. Ruppert, P. Albert, and R. Hollmann, “Cloud properties derived from GOME/ERS-2 backscatter data for trace gas retrieval,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 45, 2747-2758 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Spurr, D. Loyola, W. Thomas, W. Balzer, E. Mikusch, B. Aberle, S. Slijkhuis, T. Ruppert, M. van Roozendael, J.-C. Lambert, and T. Soebijanta, “GOME level 1-to-2 data processor version 3.0: a major upgrade of the GOME/ERS-2 total ozone retrieval algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 44, 7196-7202 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Loyola, W. Balzer, B. Aberle, M. Bittner, K. Kretschel, H. Muehle, T. Ruppert, C. Schmid, S. Slijkhuis, R. Spurr, W. Thomas, T. Wieland, and M. Wolfmueller, “Ground segment for ERS-2/GOME sensor at the German D-PAF,” in 3rd ERS Scientific Symposium, Special Publication SP-414 (European Space Agency, 1997), Vol. II, pp. 591-596.

Valks, P.

D. Balis, J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, R. Spurr, D. Loyola, Y. Livschitz, P. Valks, V. Amiridis, P. Gerard, J. Granville, and C. Zehner, “Ten years of GOME/ERS2 total ozone data. The new GOME data processor (GDP) version 4: 2. Ground-based validation and comparisons with TOMS V7/V8,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D07307 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. van Roozendael, D. Loyola, R. Spurr, D. Balis, J.-C. Lambert, Y. Livschitz, P. Valks, T. Ruppert, P. Kenter, C. Fayt, and C. Zehner, “Ten years of GOME/ERS-2 total ozone data. The new GOME data processor (GDP) version 4:1. Algorithm description,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, D14311 (2006).
[CrossRef]

van Geffen, J. H. G. M.

van Oss, R. F.

van Roozendael, M.

D. Balis, J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, R. Spurr, D. Loyola, Y. Livschitz, P. Valks, V. Amiridis, P. Gerard, J. Granville, and C. Zehner, “Ten years of GOME/ERS2 total ozone data. The new GOME data processor (GDP) version 4: 2. Ground-based validation and comparisons with TOMS V7/V8,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D07307 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. van Roozendael, D. Loyola, R. Spurr, D. Balis, J.-C. Lambert, Y. Livschitz, P. Valks, T. Ruppert, P. Kenter, C. Fayt, and C. Zehner, “Ten years of GOME/ERS-2 total ozone data. The new GOME data processor (GDP) version 4:1. Algorithm description,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, D14311 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Spurr, D. Loyola, W. Thomas, W. Balzer, E. Mikusch, B. Aberle, S. Slijkhuis, T. Ruppert, M. van Roozendael, J.-C. Lambert, and T. Soebijanta, “GOME level 1-to-2 data processor version 3.0: a major upgrade of the GOME/ERS-2 total ozone retrieval algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 44, 7196-7202 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vetterling, W. T.

W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, and W. T. Vetterling, Numerical Recipes in Fortran 77 (Cambridge U. Press, 1992).

von Bargen, A.

A. von Bargen and S. Slijkhuis, “Wavelength calibration of GOME spectra utilising cross-correlation,” in ESAMS '99--European Symposium on Atmospheric Measurements from Space, Publication WPP-161 (European Space Agency, 1999), pp. 709-713.

B. Aberle, W. Balzer, A. von Bargen, E. Hegels, D. Loyola, and R. Spurr, “GOME level 0-to-1 algorithms description,” Tech. Rep. ER-TN-DLR-GO-022 (German Aerospace Center, 2002), Issue/Revision 5/B, http://earth.esrin.esa.it/pub/ESA_DOC/GOME/.

Weber, M.

J. P. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. V. Rozanov, A. Ladstädter-Weissenmayer, A. Richter, R. de Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstedt, K.-U. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, and D. Perner, “The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 151-175 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Weber, J. P. Burrows, and R. P. Cebula, “GOME solar UV/VIS irradiance measurements between 1995 and 1997: first results on proxy solar activity studies,” Sol. Phys. 177, 63-77 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wieland, T.

D. Loyola, W. Balzer, B. Aberle, M. Bittner, K. Kretschel, H. Muehle, T. Ruppert, C. Schmid, S. Slijkhuis, R. Spurr, W. Thomas, T. Wieland, and M. Wolfmueller, “Ground segment for ERS-2/GOME sensor at the German D-PAF,” in 3rd ERS Scientific Symposium, Special Publication SP-414 (European Space Agency, 1997), Vol. II, pp. 591-596.

Williams, D. E.

E. Hilsenrath, D. E. Williams, R. T. Caffrey, R. P. Cebula, and S. J. Hynes, “Calibration and radiometric stability of the Shuttle Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet (SSBUV) Experiment,” Metrologia 30, 243-248 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wolfmueller, M.

D. Loyola, W. Balzer, B. Aberle, M. Bittner, K. Kretschel, H. Muehle, T. Ruppert, C. Schmid, S. Slijkhuis, R. Spurr, W. Thomas, T. Wieland, and M. Wolfmueller, “Ground segment for ERS-2/GOME sensor at the German D-PAF,” in 3rd ERS Scientific Symposium, Special Publication SP-414 (European Space Agency, 1997), Vol. II, pp. 591-596.

Zehner, C.

D. Balis, J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, R. Spurr, D. Loyola, Y. Livschitz, P. Valks, V. Amiridis, P. Gerard, J. Granville, and C. Zehner, “Ten years of GOME/ERS2 total ozone data. The new GOME data processor (GDP) version 4: 2. Ground-based validation and comparisons with TOMS V7/V8,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D07307 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. van Roozendael, D. Loyola, R. Spurr, D. Balis, J.-C. Lambert, Y. Livschitz, P. Valks, T. Ruppert, P. Kenter, C. Fayt, and C. Zehner, “Ten years of GOME/ERS-2 total ozone data. The new GOME data processor (GDP) version 4:1. Algorithm description,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, D14311 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (5)

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (1)

D. Loyola, W. Thomas, Y. Livschitz, T. Ruppert, P. Albert, and R. Hollmann, “Cloud properties derived from GOME/ERS-2 backscatter data for trace gas retrieval,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 45, 2747-2758 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. (1)

R. P. Cebula, H. Park, and D. F. Heath, “Characterization of the Nimbus-7 SBUV radiometer for the long-term monitoring of stratospheric ozone,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 5, 215-227 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Sci. (1)

J. P. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. V. Rozanov, A. Ladstädter-Weissenmayer, A. Richter, R. de Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstedt, K.-U. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, and D. Perner, “The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 151-175 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. (1)

J. R. Heirtzler, “The future of the South Atlantic anomaly and implications for radiation damage in space,” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 64, 1701-1708 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res. (5)

X. Liu, K. Chance, C. E. Sioris, R. J. D. Spurr, T. P. Kurosu, R. V. Martin, and M. J. Newchurch, “Ozone profile and tropospheric ozone retrievals from the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment: algorithm description and validation,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, D20307 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Krijger, C. P. Tanzi, I. Aben, and F. Paul, “Validation of GOME polarization measurements by method of limiting atmospheres,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, D07305 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. van Roozendael, D. Loyola, R. Spurr, D. Balis, J.-C. Lambert, Y. Livschitz, P. Valks, T. Ruppert, P. Kenter, C. Fayt, and C. Zehner, “Ten years of GOME/ERS-2 total ozone data. The new GOME data processor (GDP) version 4:1. Algorithm description,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, D14311 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Jaross, A. Krueger, R. P. Cebula, C. Seftor, U. Hartmann, R. Haring, and D. Burchfield, “Calibration and postlaunch performance of the Meteor 3/TOMS instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 2985-2995 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. Balis, J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, R. Spurr, D. Loyola, Y. Livschitz, P. Valks, V. Amiridis, P. Gerard, J. Granville, and C. Zehner, “Ten years of GOME/ERS2 total ozone data. The new GOME data processor (GDP) version 4: 2. Ground-based validation and comparisons with TOMS V7/V8,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D07307 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Metrologia (2)

E. Hilsenrath, D. E. Williams, R. T. Caffrey, R. P. Cebula, and S. J. Hynes, “Calibration and radiometric stability of the Shuttle Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet (SSBUV) Experiment,” Metrologia 30, 243-248 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Cebula, E. Hilsenrath, P. W. DeCamp, K. Laamann, S. Janz, and K. McCullough, “The SSBUV experiment wavelength scale and stability: 1988 to 1994,” Metrologia 32, 633-636 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sol. Phys. (1)

M. Weber, J. P. Burrows, and R. P. Cebula, “GOME solar UV/VIS irradiance measurements between 1995 and 1997: first results on proxy solar activity studies,” Sol. Phys. 177, 63-77 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (16)

I. Aben, M. Eisinger, E. Hegels, and C. Tanzi, “GDAQI final report,” Tech. Rep. TN-GDAQI-003 SR/2000 (European Space Agency/ESRIN, 2000), http://wdc.dlr.de/sensors/gome/degradation_files/literature/gdaqi_final.pdf.gz.

J. M. Krijger, I. Aben, and J. Landgraf, “CHEOPS-GOME: WP2.1: Study of instrument degradation,” Tech. Rep. SRON-EOS/RP/05-018 (European Space Agency, 2005).

M. Dobber, “OMI in-flight calibration plan,” Tech. Rep. PL-OMIE-KNMI-393 (Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, 2003), Issue 2.

S. Slijkhuis, “ENVISAT-1 SCIAMACHY level 0-to-1c processing algorithm theoretical basis document,” Tech. Rep. ENV-ATB-DLR-SCIA-0041 (German Aerospace Center, 1999), Issue 1, http://earth.esa.int/services/sample_products/sciamachy/documentation/SCIAMACHY/.

A. von Bargen and S. Slijkhuis, “Wavelength calibration of GOME spectra utilising cross-correlation,” in ESAMS '99--European Symposium on Atmospheric Measurements from Space, Publication WPP-161 (European Space Agency, 1999), pp. 709-713.

A. Dehn, “GOME diffuser and dark signal trends (June 1995-June 2002),” (European Space Agency, 2002), http://earth.esa.int/ers/instruments/gome/gome_quality/diffuserdark_upjune02f55.html.

J. E. Murray, Atlas of the spectrum of a platinum/chromium/neon hollow-cathode reference lamp in the region 240-790 nm, Final Report to European Space Agency (John Wheaton Associates, 1994).

European Space Agency, The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME) Users Manual, F. Bednarz, ed., Tech. Rep. SP-1182 (European Space Agency, 1995).

W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, and W. T. Vetterling, Numerical Recipes in Fortran 77 (Cambridge U. Press, 1992).

M. Coldewey-Egbers, S. Slijkhuis, and D. Loyola, “ERS-2 GOME long term monitoring of GOME calibration parameters,” Tech. Rep. ER-TN-DLR-GO-0000 (DLR, 2006), Issue 2/A.

GOME yearly anomaly reports, http://earth.esa.int/ers/gome/performance/.

A. Dehn, “Long term monitoring of GOME diffuser reflectivity and dark signal analysis,” Tech. Rep. ERS2-GO-DDS-TN-006 (European Space Agency-European Space Research Institute, 2001), Issue 1.0.

R. Snel, “In-orbit optical path degradation: GOME experience and SCIAMACHY prediction,” in Proceedings of the ERS-ENVISAT Symposium, Special Publication SP-461 (European Space Agency, 2001), CD-ROM.

D. Loyola, W. Balzer, B. Aberle, M. Bittner, K. Kretschel, H. Muehle, T. Ruppert, C. Schmid, S. Slijkhuis, R. Spurr, W. Thomas, T. Wieland, and M. Wolfmueller, “Ground segment for ERS-2/GOME sensor at the German D-PAF,” in 3rd ERS Scientific Symposium, Special Publication SP-414 (European Space Agency, 1997), Vol. II, pp. 591-596.

B. Aberle, W. Balzer, A. von Bargen, E. Hegels, D. Loyola, and R. Spurr, “GOME level 0-to-1 algorithms description,” Tech. Rep. ER-TN-DLR-GO-022 (German Aerospace Center, 2002), Issue/Revision 5/B, http://earth.esrin.esa.it/pub/ESA_DOC/GOME/.

M. Coldewey-Egbers, S. Slijkhuis, B. Aberle, and D. Loyola, “ERS-2 GOME GDP level 0-to-1 improvements, software verification report,” Tech. Rep. ER-TN-DLR-GO-050 (German Aerospace Center, 2006), Issue 1.

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Figures (14)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Ratios of the Sun mean reference spectra of GOME from 9 January 1997 to 2007 to the corresponding reference spectrum from 1996.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Sun mean reference intensities of GOME from July 1995 to June 2006 for four single wavelengths (from top to bottom: 290 nm —channel 1, 330 nm —channel 2, 430 nm —channel 3, and 760 nm —channel 4). Thin curves denote uncorrected data. The low periodic variation is due to the seasonality of the Sun–Earth distance, which is maximum in July and minimum in January. Peaks can be assigned to GOME anomalies and to the etalon effect. Thick curves (right y axis) denote normalized Sun mean reference data, which are corrected for etalon and Sun–Earth distance.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

PMD signals measured by GOME between July 1995 and June 2006. From top to bottom: PMD 1, PMD 2, and PMD 3. Thin curves denote uncorrected data, thick curves (right y axis) denote data normalized to 1 AU and to the reference signal from 3 July 1995.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

GOME PMD Q-factors from July 1995 to June 2006. From top to bottom: Q-factor 1, Q-factor 2, and Q-factor 3.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Standard deviation of wavelengths for all calibration orbits between June 1995 and May 2003. Open circles: old wavelength calibration with 67 spectral lines; solid dots surrounded by circles: spectral lines, which were removed from the calibration analysis; and solid dots: new wavelength calibration.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Standard deviation of all GOME wavelengths for one fixed temperature of 281.9 K , which is the medial value of all measurements.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Temperature at predisperser prism as a function of time, dashed line: linear fit. (b) Correlation coefficient between temperature (with T > 279 K ) and wavelength for all GOME calibration orbits until June 2001. (c) Wavelength drift (solid curves, left y axis) and line position drift (solid dots and open circles, right y axis) after 10 years (55.000 orbits). Solid dots correspond to channels 1 and 3, open circles correspond to channels 2 and 4, respectively.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Mean dark signal (left panels) and percentage increase of the leakage current since January 1996 (right panels) as a function of orbit number for integration time pattern 640 ( 60 s for band 1a and 6 s for the other bands). Data are plotted for five selected years: 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, and 2005. From top to bottom: channel 1, channel 2, channel 3, and channel 4. Dashed lines denote a simple linear regression analysis.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

PMD offsets and PMD noise level from July 1995 to June 2006. (a) PMD 1 offset, (b) PMD 2 offset, (c) PMD 3 offset, and (d) PMD noise level.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Leakage current as a function of pixel number in channel 4 for time pattern 320 for 10 consecutive orbits (9000 to 9009) in the year 1997. To highlight the differences, the consecutive measurements have been plotted with a constant offset of 20 BU . The top curve belongs to orbit number 9000, and the bottom curve belongs to orbit number 9009. Third and fourth curve from top (orbits 9002 and 9003) pass over the SAA region.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

(a) Dark current noise for time pattern 320 as a function of time from 1995 to 2006. (b) Noise values in 1997, measured outside the SAA region, plotted as a function of month in 1997. (c) Noise values in 1997, measured inside the SAA region, plotted as a function of month in 1997. Thick curves in (b) and (c) denote monthly mean values.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Ratios of the LED Spectra from January 1996 to 2006 to the corresponding spectrum from August 1995. The year 2004 is missing.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Time series of the RMS of the PPG correction for four narrow spectral bands from top to bottom: 290 to 300 nm in channel 1 (used for ozone profile retrieval), 345 to 356 nm in channel 2 (BrO column amount retrieval), 420 to 440 nm in channel 3 ( N O 2 retrieval), and 750 to 770 nm in channel 4 (cloud detection using oxygen A-band).

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

PPG correction factors distribution in channel 2 1995 (solid curve) and 2003 (dashed curve).

Equations (8)

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etalon ( t , λ ) = Sun ( t , λ ) / Sun ( t = t ref , λ ) poly λ ( Sun ( t , λ ) / Sun ( t = t ref , λ ) ) ,
Sun_new ( t , λ ) = Sun ( t , λ ) / etalon ( t , λ ) .
Q - factor i = ( PMD i j X j × channel j ) / PMD i ,
S i = S i meas , k S i dark , k ¯ ,
S i dark , k ¯ = 1 n j = 1 n ( S i dark , k ) j .
c i = S i smooth S i LED ¯ ,
S i smooth = k = n n n | k | n × S i + k LED ¯ k = n n n | k | n ,
S i corr = S i c i ,

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