Abstract

Two-dimensional (crossed) diffraction gratings with sinusoidal or truncated pyramidal (trapezoidal) profiles are proposed to have diffraction efficiency almost independent of the incident polarization inside the optical communication spectral window 1.51.6μm. The gratings are characterized by different periods in the two orthogonal directions, chosen to support only one dispersive diffraction order in addition to the zeroth (specular) one.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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