Abstract

A new cavity for pyrgeometer characterizations has been built at the Infrared Radiometry Section of the World Radiation Center (WRC-IRS) at PMOD/WRC. The calculated effective emissivity of 0.99993±0.00033 was obtained from Monte Carlo simulations taking into account the geometry and the measured temperature distributions of the cavity. The cavity is operated in a temperature range of −30 °C to +30 °C and is initially flushed with nitrogen to reduce the relative humidity in the cavity. The estimated uncertainties of retrieved pyrgeometer parameters k1, k2, and k3 are ±0.024, ±0.0008, and ±0.03, respectively. The relative uncertainty of pyrgeometer sensitivity C is 0.8%. The comparison with the cavity used since 1995 at PMOD/WRC gave average differences of 0.005, 0.00026, and 0.08 for k1, k2, and k3, respectively. The pyrgeometer sensitivity retrieved with the new cavity is on average 1.0% higher than with the original cavity.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. B. Albrecht and S. K. Cox, “Procedures for improving pyrgeometer performance,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 16, 188-197 (1977).
  2. R. Philipona, C. Fröhlich, and Ch. Betz, “Characterization of pyrgeometers and the accuracy of atmospheric long-wave radiation measurements,” Appl. Opt. 34, 1598-1605 (1995).
  3. C. W. Fairall, P. O. G. Persson, E. F. Bradley, R. E. Payne, and S. P. Anderson, “A new look at calibration and use of Eppley precision infrared radiometers. Part I: Theory and application,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 15, 1229-1242 (1998).
  4. R. E. Payne and S. P. Anderson, “A new look at calibration and use of Eppley precision infrared radiometers. Part II: Calibration and use of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution improved metrology precision infrared radiometer,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech. 16, 741 (1999).
  5. I. Reda, J. R. Hickey, T. Stoffel, and D. Meyers, “Pyrgeometer calibration at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL),” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 64, 1623-1629 (2002).
  6. Commission for Instruments and Methods of Observations (CIMO)Abridged final report with resolutions and recommendations Geneva, 7-14 December, WMO-No. 1019 (2006).
  7. J. Gröbner and A. Los, “Laboratory calibration of pyrgeometers with known spectral responsivities,” Appl. Opt. 46, 7419-7425 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. V. Prokhorov and L. M. Hanssen, “Effective emissivity of cylindrical cavity with inclined bottom: I. Isothermal cavity,” Metrologia 41, 421-431 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. http://www.julabo.com/
  10. http://www.lordfulfillment.com/upload/DS3016.pdf
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  12. R. Philipona, C. Fröhlich, K. Dehne, J. DeLuisi, J. Augustine, E. G. Dutton, D. Nelson, B. Forgan, P. Novotny, J. Hickey, S. P. Love, S. Bender, B. McArthur, A. Ohmura, J. H. Seymour, J. S. Foot, M. Shiobara, F. P. J. Valero, and A. W. Strawa, “The baseline surface radiation network pyrgeometer round-robin calibration experiment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 15, 687-696 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. Betz, “Entwicklung eines Eichstrahlers für Pyrgeometer,” Diplomarbeit (Institut für Verfahrenstechnik und Dampfkesselwesen (IVD), 1992).

2007 (1)

2004 (1)

A. V. Prokhorov and L. M. Hanssen, “Effective emissivity of cylindrical cavity with inclined bottom: I. Isothermal cavity,” Metrologia 41, 421-431 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

I. Reda, J. R. Hickey, T. Stoffel, and D. Meyers, “Pyrgeometer calibration at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL),” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 64, 1623-1629 (2002).

1999 (1)

R. E. Payne and S. P. Anderson, “A new look at calibration and use of Eppley precision infrared radiometers. Part II: Calibration and use of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution improved metrology precision infrared radiometer,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech. 16, 741 (1999).

1998 (2)

C. W. Fairall, P. O. G. Persson, E. F. Bradley, R. E. Payne, and S. P. Anderson, “A new look at calibration and use of Eppley precision infrared radiometers. Part I: Theory and application,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 15, 1229-1242 (1998).

R. Philipona, C. Fröhlich, K. Dehne, J. DeLuisi, J. Augustine, E. G. Dutton, D. Nelson, B. Forgan, P. Novotny, J. Hickey, S. P. Love, S. Bender, B. McArthur, A. Ohmura, J. H. Seymour, J. S. Foot, M. Shiobara, F. P. J. Valero, and A. W. Strawa, “The baseline surface radiation network pyrgeometer round-robin calibration experiment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 15, 687-696 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1992 (1)

1977 (1)

B. Albrecht and S. K. Cox, “Procedures for improving pyrgeometer performance,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 16, 188-197 (1977).

Albrecht, B.

B. Albrecht and S. K. Cox, “Procedures for improving pyrgeometer performance,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 16, 188-197 (1977).

Anderson, S. P.

R. E. Payne and S. P. Anderson, “A new look at calibration and use of Eppley precision infrared radiometers. Part II: Calibration and use of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution improved metrology precision infrared radiometer,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech. 16, 741 (1999).

C. W. Fairall, P. O. G. Persson, E. F. Bradley, R. E. Payne, and S. P. Anderson, “A new look at calibration and use of Eppley precision infrared radiometers. Part I: Theory and application,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 15, 1229-1242 (1998).

Augustine, J.

R. Philipona, C. Fröhlich, K. Dehne, J. DeLuisi, J. Augustine, E. G. Dutton, D. Nelson, B. Forgan, P. Novotny, J. Hickey, S. P. Love, S. Bender, B. McArthur, A. Ohmura, J. H. Seymour, J. S. Foot, M. Shiobara, F. P. J. Valero, and A. W. Strawa, “The baseline surface radiation network pyrgeometer round-robin calibration experiment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 15, 687-696 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bender, S.

R. Philipona, C. Fröhlich, K. Dehne, J. DeLuisi, J. Augustine, E. G. Dutton, D. Nelson, B. Forgan, P. Novotny, J. Hickey, S. P. Love, S. Bender, B. McArthur, A. Ohmura, J. H. Seymour, J. S. Foot, M. Shiobara, F. P. J. Valero, and A. W. Strawa, “The baseline surface radiation network pyrgeometer round-robin calibration experiment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 15, 687-696 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Betz, C.

C. Betz, “Entwicklung eines Eichstrahlers für Pyrgeometer,” Diplomarbeit (Institut für Verfahrenstechnik und Dampfkesselwesen (IVD), 1992).

Betz, Ch.

Bradley, E. F.

C. W. Fairall, P. O. G. Persson, E. F. Bradley, R. E. Payne, and S. P. Anderson, “A new look at calibration and use of Eppley precision infrared radiometers. Part I: Theory and application,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 15, 1229-1242 (1998).

Cox, S. K.

B. Albrecht and S. K. Cox, “Procedures for improving pyrgeometer performance,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 16, 188-197 (1977).

Datla, R. U.

Dehne, K.

R. Philipona, C. Fröhlich, K. Dehne, J. DeLuisi, J. Augustine, E. G. Dutton, D. Nelson, B. Forgan, P. Novotny, J. Hickey, S. P. Love, S. Bender, B. McArthur, A. Ohmura, J. H. Seymour, J. S. Foot, M. Shiobara, F. P. J. Valero, and A. W. Strawa, “The baseline surface radiation network pyrgeometer round-robin calibration experiment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 15, 687-696 (1998).
[CrossRef]

DeLuisi, J.

R. Philipona, C. Fröhlich, K. Dehne, J. DeLuisi, J. Augustine, E. G. Dutton, D. Nelson, B. Forgan, P. Novotny, J. Hickey, S. P. Love, S. Bender, B. McArthur, A. Ohmura, J. H. Seymour, J. S. Foot, M. Shiobara, F. P. J. Valero, and A. W. Strawa, “The baseline surface radiation network pyrgeometer round-robin calibration experiment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 15, 687-696 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dutton, E. G.

R. Philipona, C. Fröhlich, K. Dehne, J. DeLuisi, J. Augustine, E. G. Dutton, D. Nelson, B. Forgan, P. Novotny, J. Hickey, S. P. Love, S. Bender, B. McArthur, A. Ohmura, J. H. Seymour, J. S. Foot, M. Shiobara, F. P. J. Valero, and A. W. Strawa, “The baseline surface radiation network pyrgeometer round-robin calibration experiment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 15, 687-696 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fairall, C. W.

C. W. Fairall, P. O. G. Persson, E. F. Bradley, R. E. Payne, and S. P. Anderson, “A new look at calibration and use of Eppley precision infrared radiometers. Part I: Theory and application,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 15, 1229-1242 (1998).

Foot, J. S.

R. Philipona, C. Fröhlich, K. Dehne, J. DeLuisi, J. Augustine, E. G. Dutton, D. Nelson, B. Forgan, P. Novotny, J. Hickey, S. P. Love, S. Bender, B. McArthur, A. Ohmura, J. H. Seymour, J. S. Foot, M. Shiobara, F. P. J. Valero, and A. W. Strawa, “The baseline surface radiation network pyrgeometer round-robin calibration experiment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 15, 687-696 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Forgan, B.

R. Philipona, C. Fröhlich, K. Dehne, J. DeLuisi, J. Augustine, E. G. Dutton, D. Nelson, B. Forgan, P. Novotny, J. Hickey, S. P. Love, S. Bender, B. McArthur, A. Ohmura, J. H. Seymour, J. S. Foot, M. Shiobara, F. P. J. Valero, and A. W. Strawa, “The baseline surface radiation network pyrgeometer round-robin calibration experiment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 15, 687-696 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Foukal, P. V.

Fröhlich, C.

R. Philipona, C. Fröhlich, K. Dehne, J. DeLuisi, J. Augustine, E. G. Dutton, D. Nelson, B. Forgan, P. Novotny, J. Hickey, S. P. Love, S. Bender, B. McArthur, A. Ohmura, J. H. Seymour, J. S. Foot, M. Shiobara, F. P. J. Valero, and A. W. Strawa, “The baseline surface radiation network pyrgeometer round-robin calibration experiment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 15, 687-696 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Philipona, C. Fröhlich, and Ch. Betz, “Characterization of pyrgeometers and the accuracy of atmospheric long-wave radiation measurements,” Appl. Opt. 34, 1598-1605 (1995).

Gröbner, J.

Hanssen, L. M.

A. V. Prokhorov and L. M. Hanssen, “Effective emissivity of cylindrical cavity with inclined bottom: I. Isothermal cavity,” Metrologia 41, 421-431 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hickey, J.

R. Philipona, C. Fröhlich, K. Dehne, J. DeLuisi, J. Augustine, E. G. Dutton, D. Nelson, B. Forgan, P. Novotny, J. Hickey, S. P. Love, S. Bender, B. McArthur, A. Ohmura, J. H. Seymour, J. S. Foot, M. Shiobara, F. P. J. Valero, and A. W. Strawa, “The baseline surface radiation network pyrgeometer round-robin calibration experiment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 15, 687-696 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hickey, J. R.

I. Reda, J. R. Hickey, T. Stoffel, and D. Meyers, “Pyrgeometer calibration at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL),” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 64, 1623-1629 (2002).

Hoyt, C. C.

Los, A.

Love, S. P.

R. Philipona, C. Fröhlich, K. Dehne, J. DeLuisi, J. Augustine, E. G. Dutton, D. Nelson, B. Forgan, P. Novotny, J. Hickey, S. P. Love, S. Bender, B. McArthur, A. Ohmura, J. H. Seymour, J. S. Foot, M. Shiobara, F. P. J. Valero, and A. W. Strawa, “The baseline surface radiation network pyrgeometer round-robin calibration experiment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 15, 687-696 (1998).
[CrossRef]

McArthur, B.

R. Philipona, C. Fröhlich, K. Dehne, J. DeLuisi, J. Augustine, E. G. Dutton, D. Nelson, B. Forgan, P. Novotny, J. Hickey, S. P. Love, S. Bender, B. McArthur, A. Ohmura, J. H. Seymour, J. S. Foot, M. Shiobara, F. P. J. Valero, and A. W. Strawa, “The baseline surface radiation network pyrgeometer round-robin calibration experiment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 15, 687-696 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Meyers, D.

I. Reda, J. R. Hickey, T. Stoffel, and D. Meyers, “Pyrgeometer calibration at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL),” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 64, 1623-1629 (2002).

Miller, P. J.

Nelson, D.

R. Philipona, C. Fröhlich, K. Dehne, J. DeLuisi, J. Augustine, E. G. Dutton, D. Nelson, B. Forgan, P. Novotny, J. Hickey, S. P. Love, S. Bender, B. McArthur, A. Ohmura, J. H. Seymour, J. S. Foot, M. Shiobara, F. P. J. Valero, and A. W. Strawa, “The baseline surface radiation network pyrgeometer round-robin calibration experiment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 15, 687-696 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Novotny, P.

R. Philipona, C. Fröhlich, K. Dehne, J. DeLuisi, J. Augustine, E. G. Dutton, D. Nelson, B. Forgan, P. Novotny, J. Hickey, S. P. Love, S. Bender, B. McArthur, A. Ohmura, J. H. Seymour, J. S. Foot, M. Shiobara, F. P. J. Valero, and A. W. Strawa, “The baseline surface radiation network pyrgeometer round-robin calibration experiment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 15, 687-696 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ohmura, A.

R. Philipona, C. Fröhlich, K. Dehne, J. DeLuisi, J. Augustine, E. G. Dutton, D. Nelson, B. Forgan, P. Novotny, J. Hickey, S. P. Love, S. Bender, B. McArthur, A. Ohmura, J. H. Seymour, J. S. Foot, M. Shiobara, F. P. J. Valero, and A. W. Strawa, “The baseline surface radiation network pyrgeometer round-robin calibration experiment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 15, 687-696 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Parr, A. C.

Payne, R. E.

R. E. Payne and S. P. Anderson, “A new look at calibration and use of Eppley precision infrared radiometers. Part II: Calibration and use of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution improved metrology precision infrared radiometer,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech. 16, 741 (1999).

C. W. Fairall, P. O. G. Persson, E. F. Bradley, R. E. Payne, and S. P. Anderson, “A new look at calibration and use of Eppley precision infrared radiometers. Part I: Theory and application,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 15, 1229-1242 (1998).

Persson, P. O. G.

C. W. Fairall, P. O. G. Persson, E. F. Bradley, R. E. Payne, and S. P. Anderson, “A new look at calibration and use of Eppley precision infrared radiometers. Part I: Theory and application,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 15, 1229-1242 (1998).

Philipona, R.

R. Philipona, C. Fröhlich, K. Dehne, J. DeLuisi, J. Augustine, E. G. Dutton, D. Nelson, B. Forgan, P. Novotny, J. Hickey, S. P. Love, S. Bender, B. McArthur, A. Ohmura, J. H. Seymour, J. S. Foot, M. Shiobara, F. P. J. Valero, and A. W. Strawa, “The baseline surface radiation network pyrgeometer round-robin calibration experiment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 15, 687-696 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Philipona, C. Fröhlich, and Ch. Betz, “Characterization of pyrgeometers and the accuracy of atmospheric long-wave radiation measurements,” Appl. Opt. 34, 1598-1605 (1995).

Prokhorov, A. V.

A. V. Prokhorov and L. M. Hanssen, “Effective emissivity of cylindrical cavity with inclined bottom: I. Isothermal cavity,” Metrologia 41, 421-431 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Reda, I.

I. Reda, J. R. Hickey, T. Stoffel, and D. Meyers, “Pyrgeometer calibration at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL),” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 64, 1623-1629 (2002).

Seymour, J. H.

R. Philipona, C. Fröhlich, K. Dehne, J. DeLuisi, J. Augustine, E. G. Dutton, D. Nelson, B. Forgan, P. Novotny, J. Hickey, S. P. Love, S. Bender, B. McArthur, A. Ohmura, J. H. Seymour, J. S. Foot, M. Shiobara, F. P. J. Valero, and A. W. Strawa, “The baseline surface radiation network pyrgeometer round-robin calibration experiment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 15, 687-696 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shiobara, M.

R. Philipona, C. Fröhlich, K. Dehne, J. DeLuisi, J. Augustine, E. G. Dutton, D. Nelson, B. Forgan, P. Novotny, J. Hickey, S. P. Love, S. Bender, B. McArthur, A. Ohmura, J. H. Seymour, J. S. Foot, M. Shiobara, F. P. J. Valero, and A. W. Strawa, “The baseline surface radiation network pyrgeometer round-robin calibration experiment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 15, 687-696 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Stock, K.

Stoffel, T.

I. Reda, J. R. Hickey, T. Stoffel, and D. Meyers, “Pyrgeometer calibration at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL),” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 64, 1623-1629 (2002).

Strawa, A. W.

R. Philipona, C. Fröhlich, K. Dehne, J. DeLuisi, J. Augustine, E. G. Dutton, D. Nelson, B. Forgan, P. Novotny, J. Hickey, S. P. Love, S. Bender, B. McArthur, A. Ohmura, J. H. Seymour, J. S. Foot, M. Shiobara, F. P. J. Valero, and A. W. Strawa, “The baseline surface radiation network pyrgeometer round-robin calibration experiment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 15, 687-696 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Valero, F. P. J.

R. Philipona, C. Fröhlich, K. Dehne, J. DeLuisi, J. Augustine, E. G. Dutton, D. Nelson, B. Forgan, P. Novotny, J. Hickey, S. P. Love, S. Bender, B. McArthur, A. Ohmura, J. H. Seymour, J. S. Foot, M. Shiobara, F. P. J. Valero, and A. W. Strawa, “The baseline surface radiation network pyrgeometer round-robin calibration experiment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 15, 687-696 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

J. Appl. Meteorol. (1)

B. Albrecht and S. K. Cox, “Procedures for improving pyrgeometer performance,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 16, 188-197 (1977).

J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech. (1)

R. E. Payne and S. P. Anderson, “A new look at calibration and use of Eppley precision infrared radiometers. Part II: Calibration and use of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution improved metrology precision infrared radiometer,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech. 16, 741 (1999).

J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. (2)

R. Philipona, C. Fröhlich, K. Dehne, J. DeLuisi, J. Augustine, E. G. Dutton, D. Nelson, B. Forgan, P. Novotny, J. Hickey, S. P. Love, S. Bender, B. McArthur, A. Ohmura, J. H. Seymour, J. S. Foot, M. Shiobara, F. P. J. Valero, and A. W. Strawa, “The baseline surface radiation network pyrgeometer round-robin calibration experiment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 15, 687-696 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Fairall, P. O. G. Persson, E. F. Bradley, R. E. Payne, and S. P. Anderson, “A new look at calibration and use of Eppley precision infrared radiometers. Part I: Theory and application,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 15, 1229-1242 (1998).

J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. (1)

I. Reda, J. R. Hickey, T. Stoffel, and D. Meyers, “Pyrgeometer calibration at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL),” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 64, 1623-1629 (2002).

Metrologia (1)

A. V. Prokhorov and L. M. Hanssen, “Effective emissivity of cylindrical cavity with inclined bottom: I. Isothermal cavity,” Metrologia 41, 421-431 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

http://www.julabo.com/

http://www.lordfulfillment.com/upload/DS3016.pdf

Commission for Instruments and Methods of Observations (CIMO)Abridged final report with resolutions and recommendations Geneva, 7-14 December, WMO-No. 1019 (2006).

C. Betz, “Entwicklung eines Eichstrahlers für Pyrgeometer,” Diplomarbeit (Institut für Verfahrenstechnik und Dampfkesselwesen (IVD), 1992).

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