Abstract

Using metallic film perforated with a subwavelength periodic structure, a novel concept of a color filter for multicolor organic light-emitting diode (OLED) display is proposed. Based on the phase-matching condition for extraordinary optical transmission, three primary color emissions can be obtained by optimizing the structure’s periodicity. Two periodic structures, an array of one-dimensional periodic slits and a two-dimensional periodic hole array, are studied using coupled mode theory. Also, the feasibility of applying these structures as color filters is analyzed. The relative intensity at the unwanted wavelength, which is generated by higher resonant transmission, had been calculated to eliminate its effect on the purity of these filters. It is important that this type of color filter simultaneously solves the low emission efficiency problem for OLEDs with the aid of enhanced transmission of metal film.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. Z. L. Shen, P. E. Burrows, V. Bulovic, S. R. Forrest, and M. E. Thompson, “Three-color tunable, organic light-emitting devices,” Science 276, 2009-2011 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. X. Wu, Y. Hu, Z. Wang, J. Zheng, S. Yin, J. Deng, K. Wu, S. Liu, F. Zhu, and X. Niu, “Multi-color display and its model for a white OLED combined with optical color filters,” Optik (Jena) 117, 373-376 (2006).
  3. R. W. Sabnis, “Color filter technology for liquid crystal displays,” Displays 20, 119-129 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. A. Bethe, “Theory of diffraction by small holes,” Phys. Rev. 66, 163-182 (1944).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Gaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445, 39-46 (2007)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. C. Liu, V. Kamaev, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Efficency enhancement of an organic light emitting diode with a cathode forming two-dimensional periodic hole array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 143501 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. W. Tang and S. A. Van Slyke, “Organic electroluminescent diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 913-915 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. H. Burroughes, D. D. C. Bradley, A. R. Brown, R. N. Marks, K. MacKay, R. H. Friend, P. L. Burn, and A. B. Holmes, “Light-emitting diodes based on conjugated polymers,” Nature 347, 539-547 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. A. Hobson, J. A. E. Wasey, I. Sage, and W. L. Barnes, “The role of surface plasmons in organic light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 378-386 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. Manolatou and F. Rana, “Subwavelength nanopatch cavities for semiconductor plasmon lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 435-447 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. H. Friend, R. W. Gymer, A. B. Holmes, J. H. Burroughes, R. N. Marks, C. Taliani, D. D. C. Bradley, D. A. Dos Santos, J. L. Bredas, M. Logdlung, and W. R. Salaneck, “Electroluminescence in conjugated polymers,” Nature 397, 121-128 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  13. H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer, 1988).
  14. P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370-4379 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  15. H. Nishihara, Optical Integrated Circuits (Ohmsha, 1993), pp. 4370-4379.
  16. S. Astilean, Ph. Lalanne, and M. Palamaru, “Light transmission through metallic channels much smaller than the wavelength,” Opt. Commun. 175, 265-273 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2008

C. Manolatou and F. Rana, “Subwavelength nanopatch cavities for semiconductor plasmon lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 435-447 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445, 39-46 (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

X. Wu, Y. Hu, Z. Wang, J. Zheng, S. Yin, J. Deng, K. Wu, S. Liu, F. Zhu, and X. Niu, “Multi-color display and its model for a white OLED combined with optical color filters,” Optik (Jena) 117, 373-376 (2006).

2005

C. Liu, V. Kamaev, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Efficency enhancement of an organic light emitting diode with a cathode forming two-dimensional periodic hole array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 143501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002

P. A. Hobson, J. A. E. Wasey, I. Sage, and W. L. Barnes, “The role of surface plasmons in organic light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 378-386 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

S. Astilean, Ph. Lalanne, and M. Palamaru, “Light transmission through metallic channels much smaller than the wavelength,” Opt. Commun. 175, 265-273 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

R. H. Friend, R. W. Gymer, A. B. Holmes, J. H. Burroughes, R. N. Marks, C. Taliani, D. D. C. Bradley, D. A. Dos Santos, J. L. Bredas, M. Logdlung, and W. R. Salaneck, “Electroluminescence in conjugated polymers,” Nature 397, 121-128 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Sabnis, “Color filter technology for liquid crystal displays,” Displays 20, 119-129 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Gaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

Z. L. Shen, P. E. Burrows, V. Bulovic, S. R. Forrest, and M. E. Thompson, “Three-color tunable, organic light-emitting devices,” Science 276, 2009-2011 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1990

J. H. Burroughes, D. D. C. Bradley, A. R. Brown, R. N. Marks, K. MacKay, R. H. Friend, P. L. Burn, and A. B. Holmes, “Light-emitting diodes based on conjugated polymers,” Nature 347, 539-547 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1987

C. W. Tang and S. A. Van Slyke, “Organic electroluminescent diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 913-915 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1972

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370-4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1944

H. A. Bethe, “Theory of diffraction by small holes,” Phys. Rev. 66, 163-182 (1944).
[CrossRef]

Astilean, S.

S. Astilean, Ph. Lalanne, and M. Palamaru, “Light transmission through metallic channels much smaller than the wavelength,” Opt. Commun. 175, 265-273 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

P. A. Hobson, J. A. E. Wasey, I. Sage, and W. L. Barnes, “The role of surface plasmons in organic light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 378-386 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bethe, H. A.

H. A. Bethe, “Theory of diffraction by small holes,” Phys. Rev. 66, 163-182 (1944).
[CrossRef]

Bradley, D. D. C.

R. H. Friend, R. W. Gymer, A. B. Holmes, J. H. Burroughes, R. N. Marks, C. Taliani, D. D. C. Bradley, D. A. Dos Santos, J. L. Bredas, M. Logdlung, and W. R. Salaneck, “Electroluminescence in conjugated polymers,” Nature 397, 121-128 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Burroughes, D. D. C. Bradley, A. R. Brown, R. N. Marks, K. MacKay, R. H. Friend, P. L. Burn, and A. B. Holmes, “Light-emitting diodes based on conjugated polymers,” Nature 347, 539-547 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Bredas, J. L.

R. H. Friend, R. W. Gymer, A. B. Holmes, J. H. Burroughes, R. N. Marks, C. Taliani, D. D. C. Bradley, D. A. Dos Santos, J. L. Bredas, M. Logdlung, and W. R. Salaneck, “Electroluminescence in conjugated polymers,” Nature 397, 121-128 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Brown, A. R.

J. H. Burroughes, D. D. C. Bradley, A. R. Brown, R. N. Marks, K. MacKay, R. H. Friend, P. L. Burn, and A. B. Holmes, “Light-emitting diodes based on conjugated polymers,” Nature 347, 539-547 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Bulovic, V.

Z. L. Shen, P. E. Burrows, V. Bulovic, S. R. Forrest, and M. E. Thompson, “Three-color tunable, organic light-emitting devices,” Science 276, 2009-2011 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Burn, P. L.

J. H. Burroughes, D. D. C. Bradley, A. R. Brown, R. N. Marks, K. MacKay, R. H. Friend, P. L. Burn, and A. B. Holmes, “Light-emitting diodes based on conjugated polymers,” Nature 347, 539-547 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Burroughes, J. H.

R. H. Friend, R. W. Gymer, A. B. Holmes, J. H. Burroughes, R. N. Marks, C. Taliani, D. D. C. Bradley, D. A. Dos Santos, J. L. Bredas, M. Logdlung, and W. R. Salaneck, “Electroluminescence in conjugated polymers,” Nature 397, 121-128 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Burroughes, D. D. C. Bradley, A. R. Brown, R. N. Marks, K. MacKay, R. H. Friend, P. L. Burn, and A. B. Holmes, “Light-emitting diodes based on conjugated polymers,” Nature 347, 539-547 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Burrows, P. E.

Z. L. Shen, P. E. Burrows, V. Bulovic, S. R. Forrest, and M. E. Thompson, “Three-color tunable, organic light-emitting devices,” Science 276, 2009-2011 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370-4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Deng, J.

X. Wu, Y. Hu, Z. Wang, J. Zheng, S. Yin, J. Deng, K. Wu, S. Liu, F. Zhu, and X. Niu, “Multi-color display and its model for a white OLED combined with optical color filters,” Optik (Jena) 117, 373-376 (2006).

Dos Santos, D. A.

R. H. Friend, R. W. Gymer, A. B. Holmes, J. H. Burroughes, R. N. Marks, C. Taliani, D. D. C. Bradley, D. A. Dos Santos, J. L. Bredas, M. Logdlung, and W. R. Salaneck, “Electroluminescence in conjugated polymers,” Nature 397, 121-128 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445, 39-46 (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Gaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Forrest, S. R.

Z. L. Shen, P. E. Burrows, V. Bulovic, S. R. Forrest, and M. E. Thompson, “Three-color tunable, organic light-emitting devices,” Science 276, 2009-2011 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Friend, R. H.

R. H. Friend, R. W. Gymer, A. B. Holmes, J. H. Burroughes, R. N. Marks, C. Taliani, D. D. C. Bradley, D. A. Dos Santos, J. L. Bredas, M. Logdlung, and W. R. Salaneck, “Electroluminescence in conjugated polymers,” Nature 397, 121-128 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Burroughes, D. D. C. Bradley, A. R. Brown, R. N. Marks, K. MacKay, R. H. Friend, P. L. Burn, and A. B. Holmes, “Light-emitting diodes based on conjugated polymers,” Nature 347, 539-547 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Gaemi, H. F.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Gaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Genet, C.

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445, 39-46 (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gymer, R. W.

R. H. Friend, R. W. Gymer, A. B. Holmes, J. H. Burroughes, R. N. Marks, C. Taliani, D. D. C. Bradley, D. A. Dos Santos, J. L. Bredas, M. Logdlung, and W. R. Salaneck, “Electroluminescence in conjugated polymers,” Nature 397, 121-128 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hobson, P. A.

P. A. Hobson, J. A. E. Wasey, I. Sage, and W. L. Barnes, “The role of surface plasmons in organic light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 378-386 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Holmes, A. B.

R. H. Friend, R. W. Gymer, A. B. Holmes, J. H. Burroughes, R. N. Marks, C. Taliani, D. D. C. Bradley, D. A. Dos Santos, J. L. Bredas, M. Logdlung, and W. R. Salaneck, “Electroluminescence in conjugated polymers,” Nature 397, 121-128 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Burroughes, D. D. C. Bradley, A. R. Brown, R. N. Marks, K. MacKay, R. H. Friend, P. L. Burn, and A. B. Holmes, “Light-emitting diodes based on conjugated polymers,” Nature 347, 539-547 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Y.

X. Wu, Y. Hu, Z. Wang, J. Zheng, S. Yin, J. Deng, K. Wu, S. Liu, F. Zhu, and X. Niu, “Multi-color display and its model for a white OLED combined with optical color filters,” Optik (Jena) 117, 373-376 (2006).

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370-4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kamaev, V.

C. Liu, V. Kamaev, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Efficency enhancement of an organic light emitting diode with a cathode forming two-dimensional periodic hole array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 143501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lalanne, Ph.

S. Astilean, Ph. Lalanne, and M. Palamaru, “Light transmission through metallic channels much smaller than the wavelength,” Opt. Commun. 175, 265-273 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lezec, H. J.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Gaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Liu, C.

C. Liu, V. Kamaev, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Efficency enhancement of an organic light emitting diode with a cathode forming two-dimensional periodic hole array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 143501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, S.

X. Wu, Y. Hu, Z. Wang, J. Zheng, S. Yin, J. Deng, K. Wu, S. Liu, F. Zhu, and X. Niu, “Multi-color display and its model for a white OLED combined with optical color filters,” Optik (Jena) 117, 373-376 (2006).

Logdlung, M.

R. H. Friend, R. W. Gymer, A. B. Holmes, J. H. Burroughes, R. N. Marks, C. Taliani, D. D. C. Bradley, D. A. Dos Santos, J. L. Bredas, M. Logdlung, and W. R. Salaneck, “Electroluminescence in conjugated polymers,” Nature 397, 121-128 (1999).
[CrossRef]

MacKay, K.

J. H. Burroughes, D. D. C. Bradley, A. R. Brown, R. N. Marks, K. MacKay, R. H. Friend, P. L. Burn, and A. B. Holmes, “Light-emitting diodes based on conjugated polymers,” Nature 347, 539-547 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Manolatou, C.

C. Manolatou and F. Rana, “Subwavelength nanopatch cavities for semiconductor plasmon lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 435-447 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Marks, R. N.

R. H. Friend, R. W. Gymer, A. B. Holmes, J. H. Burroughes, R. N. Marks, C. Taliani, D. D. C. Bradley, D. A. Dos Santos, J. L. Bredas, M. Logdlung, and W. R. Salaneck, “Electroluminescence in conjugated polymers,” Nature 397, 121-128 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Burroughes, D. D. C. Bradley, A. R. Brown, R. N. Marks, K. MacKay, R. H. Friend, P. L. Burn, and A. B. Holmes, “Light-emitting diodes based on conjugated polymers,” Nature 347, 539-547 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Nishihara, H.

H. Nishihara, Optical Integrated Circuits (Ohmsha, 1993), pp. 4370-4379.

Niu, X.

X. Wu, Y. Hu, Z. Wang, J. Zheng, S. Yin, J. Deng, K. Wu, S. Liu, F. Zhu, and X. Niu, “Multi-color display and its model for a white OLED combined with optical color filters,” Optik (Jena) 117, 373-376 (2006).

Palamaru, M.

S. Astilean, Ph. Lalanne, and M. Palamaru, “Light transmission through metallic channels much smaller than the wavelength,” Opt. Commun. 175, 265-273 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Raether, H.

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer, 1988).

Rana, F.

C. Manolatou and F. Rana, “Subwavelength nanopatch cavities for semiconductor plasmon lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 435-447 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sabnis, R. W.

R. W. Sabnis, “Color filter technology for liquid crystal displays,” Displays 20, 119-129 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sage, I.

P. A. Hobson, J. A. E. Wasey, I. Sage, and W. L. Barnes, “The role of surface plasmons in organic light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 378-386 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Salaneck, W. R.

R. H. Friend, R. W. Gymer, A. B. Holmes, J. H. Burroughes, R. N. Marks, C. Taliani, D. D. C. Bradley, D. A. Dos Santos, J. L. Bredas, M. Logdlung, and W. R. Salaneck, “Electroluminescence in conjugated polymers,” Nature 397, 121-128 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Z. L.

Z. L. Shen, P. E. Burrows, V. Bulovic, S. R. Forrest, and M. E. Thompson, “Three-color tunable, organic light-emitting devices,” Science 276, 2009-2011 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Taliani, C.

R. H. Friend, R. W. Gymer, A. B. Holmes, J. H. Burroughes, R. N. Marks, C. Taliani, D. D. C. Bradley, D. A. Dos Santos, J. L. Bredas, M. Logdlung, and W. R. Salaneck, “Electroluminescence in conjugated polymers,” Nature 397, 121-128 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tang, C. W.

C. W. Tang and S. A. Van Slyke, “Organic electroluminescent diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 913-915 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Thio, T.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Gaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, M. E.

Z. L. Shen, P. E. Burrows, V. Bulovic, S. R. Forrest, and M. E. Thompson, “Three-color tunable, organic light-emitting devices,” Science 276, 2009-2011 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Van Slyke, S. A.

C. W. Tang and S. A. Van Slyke, “Organic electroluminescent diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 913-915 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Vardeny, Z. V.

C. Liu, V. Kamaev, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Efficency enhancement of an organic light emitting diode with a cathode forming two-dimensional periodic hole array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 143501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

X. Wu, Y. Hu, Z. Wang, J. Zheng, S. Yin, J. Deng, K. Wu, S. Liu, F. Zhu, and X. Niu, “Multi-color display and its model for a white OLED combined with optical color filters,” Optik (Jena) 117, 373-376 (2006).

Wasey, J. A. E.

P. A. Hobson, J. A. E. Wasey, I. Sage, and W. L. Barnes, “The role of surface plasmons in organic light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 378-386 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wolff, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Gaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wu, K.

X. Wu, Y. Hu, Z. Wang, J. Zheng, S. Yin, J. Deng, K. Wu, S. Liu, F. Zhu, and X. Niu, “Multi-color display and its model for a white OLED combined with optical color filters,” Optik (Jena) 117, 373-376 (2006).

Wu, X.

X. Wu, Y. Hu, Z. Wang, J. Zheng, S. Yin, J. Deng, K. Wu, S. Liu, F. Zhu, and X. Niu, “Multi-color display and its model for a white OLED combined with optical color filters,” Optik (Jena) 117, 373-376 (2006).

Yin, S.

X. Wu, Y. Hu, Z. Wang, J. Zheng, S. Yin, J. Deng, K. Wu, S. Liu, F. Zhu, and X. Niu, “Multi-color display and its model for a white OLED combined with optical color filters,” Optik (Jena) 117, 373-376 (2006).

Zheng, J.

X. Wu, Y. Hu, Z. Wang, J. Zheng, S. Yin, J. Deng, K. Wu, S. Liu, F. Zhu, and X. Niu, “Multi-color display and its model for a white OLED combined with optical color filters,” Optik (Jena) 117, 373-376 (2006).

Zhu, F.

X. Wu, Y. Hu, Z. Wang, J. Zheng, S. Yin, J. Deng, K. Wu, S. Liu, F. Zhu, and X. Niu, “Multi-color display and its model for a white OLED combined with optical color filters,” Optik (Jena) 117, 373-376 (2006).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

C. Liu, V. Kamaev, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Efficency enhancement of an organic light emitting diode with a cathode forming two-dimensional periodic hole array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 143501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Tang and S. A. Van Slyke, “Organic electroluminescent diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 913-915 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Displays

R. W. Sabnis, “Color filter technology for liquid crystal displays,” Displays 20, 119-129 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

C. Manolatou and F. Rana, “Subwavelength nanopatch cavities for semiconductor plasmon lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 435-447 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

P. A. Hobson, J. A. E. Wasey, I. Sage, and W. L. Barnes, “The role of surface plasmons in organic light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 378-386 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nature

R. H. Friend, R. W. Gymer, A. B. Holmes, J. H. Burroughes, R. N. Marks, C. Taliani, D. D. C. Bradley, D. A. Dos Santos, J. L. Bredas, M. Logdlung, and W. R. Salaneck, “Electroluminescence in conjugated polymers,” Nature 397, 121-128 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Burroughes, D. D. C. Bradley, A. R. Brown, R. N. Marks, K. MacKay, R. H. Friend, P. L. Burn, and A. B. Holmes, “Light-emitting diodes based on conjugated polymers,” Nature 347, 539-547 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Gaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445, 39-46 (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun.

S. Astilean, Ph. Lalanne, and M. Palamaru, “Light transmission through metallic channels much smaller than the wavelength,” Opt. Commun. 175, 265-273 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Optik (Jena)

X. Wu, Y. Hu, Z. Wang, J. Zheng, S. Yin, J. Deng, K. Wu, S. Liu, F. Zhu, and X. Niu, “Multi-color display and its model for a white OLED combined with optical color filters,” Optik (Jena) 117, 373-376 (2006).

Phys. Rev.

H. A. Bethe, “Theory of diffraction by small holes,” Phys. Rev. 66, 163-182 (1944).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370-4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Science

Z. L. Shen, P. E. Burrows, V. Bulovic, S. R. Forrest, and M. E. Thompson, “Three-color tunable, organic light-emitting devices,” Science 276, 2009-2011 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other

H. Nishihara, Optical Integrated Circuits (Ohmsha, 1993), pp. 4370-4379.

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer, 1988).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic view of the proposed color optical filter in the full-color display OLEDs system.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic view of the (a) periodic one-dimensional slit array and (b) two-dimension hole arrays.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectrum calculated by coupled mode theory: (a) slit arrays, (b) hole arrays (Ag film on the white OLED with refractive index n = 1.45 ).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Wavelength of the second resonant peak (a), the relative intensity of the second resonant peak to the desired color wavelength ( 700 nm ) (b), and the intensity of the three filter (c) versus the refractive index of the active layer.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Transmission spectra of the three RGB filter cells (the active-layer index is 1.488).

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

k s p = k ± m G ,
k s p = n eff k = ε m ε d ε m + ε d k ,
k s p = k ± m G x + n G y ,

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