Abstract

We evaluate the spectral quality, radiometric noise, and retrieval performance of a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer, which has been developed for recording spectrally resolved observations in a region of the spectrum which is important both for the science of Earth’s climate and applications, such as the remote sensing of temperature and atmospheric gas species. This spectral region extends from 100 to 1600cm1 and encompasses the two fundamental, rotation and vibration, absorption bands of water vapor. The instrument is a customized version of a Bomem AERI (Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer) spectrometer, whose spectral coverage has been extended in the far infrared with the use of uncooled pyroelectric detectors. Retrieval examples for water vapor and temperature profiles are shown, which also allow us to intercompare the retrieval performance of both H2O vibration and rotation bands.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2007

F. Esposito, G. Grieco, L. Leone, R. Restieri, C. Serio, L. Palchetti, G. Bianchini, M. Pellegrini, V. Cuomo, G. Masiello, and G. Pavese, “REFIR/BB initial observations in the water vapour rotational band: results from a field campaign,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 103, 524-535 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Homes, G. L. Carr, R. P. S. M. Lobo, J. D. LaVeigne, and D. B. Tanner, “Silicon beam splitter for far-infrared and terahertz spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 46, 7884-7888 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, D. Jacquemart, C. Boone, P. F. Bernath, M. W. Shephard, J. S. Delamere, and S. A. Clough, “Current updates of the water-vapor line list in HITRAN: A new Diet for air-broadened half-widths,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 108, 389-402 (2007)
[CrossRef]

2006

L. Palchetti, C. Belotti, G. Bianchini, F. Castagnoli, B. Carli, U. Cortesi, M. Pellegrini, C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, and Y. Te, “Technical note: first spectral measurement of the Earth's upwelling emission using an uncooled wideband Fourier transform spectrometer,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 4061-4080 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Mlynczak, D. G. Johnson, H. Latvakoski, K. Jucks, M. Watson, G. Bingham, D. P. Kratz, W. A. Traub, S. J. Wellard, and C. R. Hyde, “First light from the Far-Infrared Spectroscopy of the Troposphere (FIRST) instrument,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L07704 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

L. Palchetti, G. Bianchini, F. Castagnoli, B. Carli, C. Serio, F. Esposito, V. Cuomo, R. Rizzi, and T. Maestri, “Breadboard of a Fourier-transform spectrometer for the Radiation Explorer in the Far Infrared atmospheric mission,” Appl. Opt. 44, 2870-2878 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Fiedler, S. Newman, and S. Bakan, “Correction of detector nonlinearity in Fourier transform spectroscopy with a low-temperature blackbody,” Appl. Opt. 44, 5332-5340 (2005).
[PubMed]

S. A. Clough, M. W. Shephard, E. J. Mlawer, J. S. Delamere, M. J. Iacono, K. Cady-Pereira, S. Boukabara, and P. D. Brown, “Atmospheric radiative transfer modeling: a summary of the AER codes,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 91, 233-244 (2005) doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2004.05.058
[CrossRef]

G. Grieco, A. Luchetta, G. Masiello, C. Serio, and M. Viggiano, “IMG O3 retrieval and comparison with TOMS/ADEOS columnar ozone: an analysis based on tropical soundings,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 95, 331-348 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

G. Hawkins and R. Hunneman, “The temperature-dependent spectral properties of filter substrate materials in the far-infrared (640 μm),” Infrared Phys. Technol. 45, 69-79 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Knuteson, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, R. A. Herbsleb, H. B. Howell, H. E. Revercomb, W. L. Smith, and J. F. Short, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): part I: instrument design,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1763-1776 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Knuteson, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, R. A. Herbsleb, H. B. Howell, H. E. Revercomb, W. L. Smith, and J. F. Short, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): part II: instrument performance,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

T. P. Ackerman and G. M. Stokes, “The atmospheric radiation measurement program,” Phys. Today 56, 38-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

2001

2000

I. M. Held and B. J. Soden, “Water vapor feedback and global warming,” Annu. Rev. Energy Environ. 25, 441-475 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

B. Carli, A. Barbis, J. E. Harries, and L. Palchetti, “Design of an efficient broad band far infrared FT spectrometer,” Appl. Opt. 38, 3945-3950 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Tobin, F. A. Best, P. D. Brown, S. A. Clough, R. G. Dedecker, R. G. Ellingson, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, R. O. Knuteson, E. J. Mlawer, H. E. Revercomb, J. F. Short, P. F. W. van Delst, and V. P. Walden, “Downwelling spectral radiance observations at the SHEBA ice station: water vapour continuum measurements from 17 to 26 μm” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 2081-2092(1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

R. Goody, J. Anderson, and G. North, “Testing climate models: an approach,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 79, 2541-2549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1988

Ackerman, T. P.

T. P. Ackerman and G. M. Stokes, “The atmospheric radiation measurement program,” Phys. Today 56, 38-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Amato, U.

U. Amato, G. Grieco, G. Masiello, and C. Serio, “Assessment of the temperature and water vapour retrieval capability and performance of the MTG Infrared Sounding Mission under different noise and spectral coverage scenarios,” EUM/CO/05/1466/SAT, EUMETSAT Technical Report (2006).

Anderson, J.

R. Goody, J. Anderson, and G. North, “Testing climate models: an approach,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 79, 2541-2549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, J. G.

Bakan, S.

Barbis, A.

Belotti, C.

L. Palchetti, C. Belotti, G. Bianchini, F. Castagnoli, B. Carli, U. Cortesi, M. Pellegrini, C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, and Y. Te, “Technical note: first spectral measurement of the Earth's upwelling emission using an uncooled wideband Fourier transform spectrometer,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 4061-4080 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bernath, P. F.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, D. Jacquemart, C. Boone, P. F. Bernath, M. W. Shephard, J. S. Delamere, and S. A. Clough, “Current updates of the water-vapor line list in HITRAN: A new Diet for air-broadened half-widths,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 108, 389-402 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Best, F. A.

R. O. Knuteson, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, R. A. Herbsleb, H. B. Howell, H. E. Revercomb, W. L. Smith, and J. F. Short, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): part I: instrument design,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1763-1776 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Knuteson, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, R. A. Herbsleb, H. B. Howell, H. E. Revercomb, W. L. Smith, and J. F. Short, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): part II: instrument performance,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Tobin, F. A. Best, P. D. Brown, S. A. Clough, R. G. Dedecker, R. G. Ellingson, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, R. O. Knuteson, E. J. Mlawer, H. E. Revercomb, J. F. Short, P. F. W. van Delst, and V. P. Walden, “Downwelling spectral radiance observations at the SHEBA ice station: water vapour continuum measurements from 17 to 26 μm” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 2081-2092(1999).
[CrossRef]

F. A. Best, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) instrument radiometric calibration,” available at http://cimss.ssec.wisc.edu/aeri/instrument/calibration/.

Bhawar, R.

R. Bhawar, G. Bianchini, A. Bozzo, M. Cacciani, M. R. Calvello, M. F. V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, T. Di Iorio, L. Di Liberto, A. di Sarra, F. Esposito, G. Fiocco, D. Fuá, G. Grieco, T. Maestri, G. Masiello, G. Muscari, L. Palchetti, E. Papandrea, G. Pavese, R. Restieri, R. Rizzi, F. Romano, C. Serio, D. Summa, G. Todini, and E. Tosi, “Spectrally resolved observations of atmospheric emitted radiance in the H2O rotation band,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L04812, doi:10.1029/2007GL032207.
[CrossRef]

Bianchini, G.

F. Esposito, G. Grieco, L. Leone, R. Restieri, C. Serio, L. Palchetti, G. Bianchini, M. Pellegrini, V. Cuomo, G. Masiello, and G. Pavese, “REFIR/BB initial observations in the water vapour rotational band: results from a field campaign,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 103, 524-535 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Palchetti, C. Belotti, G. Bianchini, F. Castagnoli, B. Carli, U. Cortesi, M. Pellegrini, C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, and Y. Te, “Technical note: first spectral measurement of the Earth's upwelling emission using an uncooled wideband Fourier transform spectrometer,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 4061-4080 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Palchetti, G. Bianchini, F. Castagnoli, B. Carli, C. Serio, F. Esposito, V. Cuomo, R. Rizzi, and T. Maestri, “Breadboard of a Fourier-transform spectrometer for the Radiation Explorer in the Far Infrared atmospheric mission,” Appl. Opt. 44, 2870-2878 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Bhawar, G. Bianchini, A. Bozzo, M. Cacciani, M. R. Calvello, M. F. V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, T. Di Iorio, L. Di Liberto, A. di Sarra, F. Esposito, G. Fiocco, D. Fuá, G. Grieco, T. Maestri, G. Masiello, G. Muscari, L. Palchetti, E. Papandrea, G. Pavese, R. Restieri, R. Rizzi, F. Romano, C. Serio, D. Summa, G. Todini, and E. Tosi, “Spectrally resolved observations of atmospheric emitted radiance in the H2O rotation band,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L04812, doi:10.1029/2007GL032207.
[CrossRef]

Bingham, G.

M. G. Mlynczak, D. G. Johnson, H. Latvakoski, K. Jucks, M. Watson, G. Bingham, D. P. Kratz, W. A. Traub, S. J. Wellard, and C. R. Hyde, “First light from the Far-Infrared Spectroscopy of the Troposphere (FIRST) instrument,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L07704 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bingham, G. E.

Bizzarri, B.

R. Rizzi, B. Carli, J. E. Harries, J. Leotin, C. Serio, A. Sutera, B. Bizzarri, R. Bonsignori, and S. Peskett, “Mission objectives and instrument requirements for the REFIR (Radiation Explorer in the Far Infrared) Mission: an outline after the end of phase B0,” in Proceedings of IRS 2000, (A. Deepak, 2001), pp. 567-570.

Bonsignori, R.

R. Rizzi, B. Carli, J. E. Harries, J. Leotin, C. Serio, A. Sutera, B. Bizzarri, R. Bonsignori, and S. Peskett, “Mission objectives and instrument requirements for the REFIR (Radiation Explorer in the Far Infrared) Mission: an outline after the end of phase B0,” in Proceedings of IRS 2000, (A. Deepak, 2001), pp. 567-570.

Boone, C.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, D. Jacquemart, C. Boone, P. F. Bernath, M. W. Shephard, J. S. Delamere, and S. A. Clough, “Current updates of the water-vapor line list in HITRAN: A new Diet for air-broadened half-widths,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 108, 389-402 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Boukabara, S.

S. A. Clough, M. W. Shephard, E. J. Mlawer, J. S. Delamere, M. J. Iacono, K. Cady-Pereira, S. Boukabara, and P. D. Brown, “Atmospheric radiative transfer modeling: a summary of the AER codes,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 91, 233-244 (2005) doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2004.05.058
[CrossRef]

Bozzo, A.

R. Bhawar, G. Bianchini, A. Bozzo, M. Cacciani, M. R. Calvello, M. F. V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, T. Di Iorio, L. Di Liberto, A. di Sarra, F. Esposito, G. Fiocco, D. Fuá, G. Grieco, T. Maestri, G. Masiello, G. Muscari, L. Palchetti, E. Papandrea, G. Pavese, R. Restieri, R. Rizzi, F. Romano, C. Serio, D. Summa, G. Todini, and E. Tosi, “Spectrally resolved observations of atmospheric emitted radiance in the H2O rotation band,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L04812, doi:10.1029/2007GL032207.
[CrossRef]

Brown, P. D.

S. A. Clough, M. W. Shephard, E. J. Mlawer, J. S. Delamere, M. J. Iacono, K. Cady-Pereira, S. Boukabara, and P. D. Brown, “Atmospheric radiative transfer modeling: a summary of the AER codes,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 91, 233-244 (2005) doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2004.05.058
[CrossRef]

D. C. Tobin, F. A. Best, P. D. Brown, S. A. Clough, R. G. Dedecker, R. G. Ellingson, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, R. O. Knuteson, E. J. Mlawer, H. E. Revercomb, J. F. Short, P. F. W. van Delst, and V. P. Walden, “Downwelling spectral radiance observations at the SHEBA ice station: water vapour continuum measurements from 17 to 26 μm” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 2081-2092(1999).
[CrossRef]

Buijs, H.

Cacciani, M.

R. Bhawar, G. Bianchini, A. Bozzo, M. Cacciani, M. R. Calvello, M. F. V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, T. Di Iorio, L. Di Liberto, A. di Sarra, F. Esposito, G. Fiocco, D. Fuá, G. Grieco, T. Maestri, G. Masiello, G. Muscari, L. Palchetti, E. Papandrea, G. Pavese, R. Restieri, R. Rizzi, F. Romano, C. Serio, D. Summa, G. Todini, and E. Tosi, “Spectrally resolved observations of atmospheric emitted radiance in the H2O rotation band,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L04812, doi:10.1029/2007GL032207.
[CrossRef]

Cady-Pereira, K.

S. A. Clough, M. W. Shephard, E. J. Mlawer, J. S. Delamere, M. J. Iacono, K. Cady-Pereira, S. Boukabara, and P. D. Brown, “Atmospheric radiative transfer modeling: a summary of the AER codes,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 91, 233-244 (2005) doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2004.05.058
[CrossRef]

Calvello, M. R.

R. Bhawar, G. Bianchini, A. Bozzo, M. Cacciani, M. R. Calvello, M. F. V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, T. Di Iorio, L. Di Liberto, A. di Sarra, F. Esposito, G. Fiocco, D. Fuá, G. Grieco, T. Maestri, G. Masiello, G. Muscari, L. Palchetti, E. Papandrea, G. Pavese, R. Restieri, R. Rizzi, F. Romano, C. Serio, D. Summa, G. Todini, and E. Tosi, “Spectrally resolved observations of atmospheric emitted radiance in the H2O rotation band,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L04812, doi:10.1029/2007GL032207.
[CrossRef]

Camy-Peyret, C.

L. Palchetti, C. Belotti, G. Bianchini, F. Castagnoli, B. Carli, U. Cortesi, M. Pellegrini, C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, and Y. Te, “Technical note: first spectral measurement of the Earth's upwelling emission using an uncooled wideband Fourier transform spectrometer,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 4061-4080 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cantwell, C. W.

Carli, B.

L. Palchetti, C. Belotti, G. Bianchini, F. Castagnoli, B. Carli, U. Cortesi, M. Pellegrini, C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, and Y. Te, “Technical note: first spectral measurement of the Earth's upwelling emission using an uncooled wideband Fourier transform spectrometer,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 4061-4080 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Palchetti, G. Bianchini, F. Castagnoli, B. Carli, C. Serio, F. Esposito, V. Cuomo, R. Rizzi, and T. Maestri, “Breadboard of a Fourier-transform spectrometer for the Radiation Explorer in the Far Infrared atmospheric mission,” Appl. Opt. 44, 2870-2878 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Carli, A. Barbis, J. E. Harries, and L. Palchetti, “Design of an efficient broad band far infrared FT spectrometer,” Appl. Opt. 38, 3945-3950 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Rizzi, B. Carli, J. E. Harries, J. Leotin, C. Serio, A. Sutera, B. Bizzarri, R. Bonsignori, and S. Peskett, “Mission objectives and instrument requirements for the REFIR (Radiation Explorer in the Far Infrared) Mission: an outline after the end of phase B0,” in Proceedings of IRS 2000, (A. Deepak, 2001), pp. 567-570.

Carr, G. L.

Castagnoli, F.

L. Palchetti, C. Belotti, G. Bianchini, F. Castagnoli, B. Carli, U. Cortesi, M. Pellegrini, C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, and Y. Te, “Technical note: first spectral measurement of the Earth's upwelling emission using an uncooled wideband Fourier transform spectrometer,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 4061-4080 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Palchetti, G. Bianchini, F. Castagnoli, B. Carli, C. Serio, F. Esposito, V. Cuomo, R. Rizzi, and T. Maestri, “Breadboard of a Fourier-transform spectrometer for the Radiation Explorer in the Far Infrared atmospheric mission,” Appl. Opt. 44, 2870-2878 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ciganovich, N. C.

R. O. Knuteson, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, R. A. Herbsleb, H. B. Howell, H. E. Revercomb, W. L. Smith, and J. F. Short, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): part II: instrument performance,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Knuteson, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, R. A. Herbsleb, H. B. Howell, H. E. Revercomb, W. L. Smith, and J. F. Short, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): part I: instrument design,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1763-1776 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Clough, S. A.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, D. Jacquemart, C. Boone, P. F. Bernath, M. W. Shephard, J. S. Delamere, and S. A. Clough, “Current updates of the water-vapor line list in HITRAN: A new Diet for air-broadened half-widths,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 108, 389-402 (2007)
[CrossRef]

S. A. Clough, M. W. Shephard, E. J. Mlawer, J. S. Delamere, M. J. Iacono, K. Cady-Pereira, S. Boukabara, and P. D. Brown, “Atmospheric radiative transfer modeling: a summary of the AER codes,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 91, 233-244 (2005) doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2004.05.058
[CrossRef]

D. C. Tobin, F. A. Best, P. D. Brown, S. A. Clough, R. G. Dedecker, R. G. Ellingson, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, R. O. Knuteson, E. J. Mlawer, H. E. Revercomb, J. F. Short, P. F. W. van Delst, and V. P. Walden, “Downwelling spectral radiance observations at the SHEBA ice station: water vapour continuum measurements from 17 to 26 μm” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 2081-2092(1999).
[CrossRef]

Cortesi, U.

L. Palchetti, C. Belotti, G. Bianchini, F. Castagnoli, B. Carli, U. Cortesi, M. Pellegrini, C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, and Y. Te, “Technical note: first spectral measurement of the Earth's upwelling emission using an uncooled wideband Fourier transform spectrometer,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 4061-4080 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cuomo, M. F. V.

R. Bhawar, G. Bianchini, A. Bozzo, M. Cacciani, M. R. Calvello, M. F. V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, T. Di Iorio, L. Di Liberto, A. di Sarra, F. Esposito, G. Fiocco, D. Fuá, G. Grieco, T. Maestri, G. Masiello, G. Muscari, L. Palchetti, E. Papandrea, G. Pavese, R. Restieri, R. Rizzi, F. Romano, C. Serio, D. Summa, G. Todini, and E. Tosi, “Spectrally resolved observations of atmospheric emitted radiance in the H2O rotation band,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L04812, doi:10.1029/2007GL032207.
[CrossRef]

Cuomo, V.

F. Esposito, G. Grieco, L. Leone, R. Restieri, C. Serio, L. Palchetti, G. Bianchini, M. Pellegrini, V. Cuomo, G. Masiello, and G. Pavese, “REFIR/BB initial observations in the water vapour rotational band: results from a field campaign,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 103, 524-535 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Palchetti, G. Bianchini, F. Castagnoli, B. Carli, C. Serio, F. Esposito, V. Cuomo, R. Rizzi, and T. Maestri, “Breadboard of a Fourier-transform spectrometer for the Radiation Explorer in the Far Infrared atmospheric mission,” Appl. Opt. 44, 2870-2878 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dedecker, R. G.

R. O. Knuteson, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, R. A. Herbsleb, H. B. Howell, H. E. Revercomb, W. L. Smith, and J. F. Short, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): part II: instrument performance,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Knuteson, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, R. A. Herbsleb, H. B. Howell, H. E. Revercomb, W. L. Smith, and J. F. Short, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): part I: instrument design,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1763-1776 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Tobin, F. A. Best, P. D. Brown, S. A. Clough, R. G. Dedecker, R. G. Ellingson, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, R. O. Knuteson, E. J. Mlawer, H. E. Revercomb, J. F. Short, P. F. W. van Delst, and V. P. Walden, “Downwelling spectral radiance observations at the SHEBA ice station: water vapour continuum measurements from 17 to 26 μm” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 2081-2092(1999).
[CrossRef]

D. D. Turner, H. E. Revercomb, R. O. Knuteson, R. G. Dedecker, and W. F. Feltz, “An evaluation of the nonlinearity correction applied to atmospheric emitted radiance interferometer (AERI) data collected by the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program,” in Technical Proceedings ARM TR-013 (ARM, 2004), available online at http://www.arm.gov/publications/tech_reports/arm-tr-013.pdf.

Delamere, J. S.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, D. Jacquemart, C. Boone, P. F. Bernath, M. W. Shephard, J. S. Delamere, and S. A. Clough, “Current updates of the water-vapor line list in HITRAN: A new Diet for air-broadened half-widths,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 108, 389-402 (2007)
[CrossRef]

S. A. Clough, M. W. Shephard, E. J. Mlawer, J. S. Delamere, M. J. Iacono, K. Cady-Pereira, S. Boukabara, and P. D. Brown, “Atmospheric radiative transfer modeling: a summary of the AER codes,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 91, 233-244 (2005) doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2004.05.058
[CrossRef]

Di Girolamo, P.

R. Bhawar, G. Bianchini, A. Bozzo, M. Cacciani, M. R. Calvello, M. F. V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, T. Di Iorio, L. Di Liberto, A. di Sarra, F. Esposito, G. Fiocco, D. Fuá, G. Grieco, T. Maestri, G. Masiello, G. Muscari, L. Palchetti, E. Papandrea, G. Pavese, R. Restieri, R. Rizzi, F. Romano, C. Serio, D. Summa, G. Todini, and E. Tosi, “Spectrally resolved observations of atmospheric emitted radiance in the H2O rotation band,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L04812, doi:10.1029/2007GL032207.
[CrossRef]

Di Iorio, T.

R. Bhawar, G. Bianchini, A. Bozzo, M. Cacciani, M. R. Calvello, M. F. V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, T. Di Iorio, L. Di Liberto, A. di Sarra, F. Esposito, G. Fiocco, D. Fuá, G. Grieco, T. Maestri, G. Masiello, G. Muscari, L. Palchetti, E. Papandrea, G. Pavese, R. Restieri, R. Rizzi, F. Romano, C. Serio, D. Summa, G. Todini, and E. Tosi, “Spectrally resolved observations of atmospheric emitted radiance in the H2O rotation band,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L04812, doi:10.1029/2007GL032207.
[CrossRef]

Di Liberto, L.

R. Bhawar, G. Bianchini, A. Bozzo, M. Cacciani, M. R. Calvello, M. F. V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, T. Di Iorio, L. Di Liberto, A. di Sarra, F. Esposito, G. Fiocco, D. Fuá, G. Grieco, T. Maestri, G. Masiello, G. Muscari, L. Palchetti, E. Papandrea, G. Pavese, R. Restieri, R. Rizzi, F. Romano, C. Serio, D. Summa, G. Todini, and E. Tosi, “Spectrally resolved observations of atmospheric emitted radiance in the H2O rotation band,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L04812, doi:10.1029/2007GL032207.
[CrossRef]

di Sarra, A.

R. Bhawar, G. Bianchini, A. Bozzo, M. Cacciani, M. R. Calvello, M. F. V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, T. Di Iorio, L. Di Liberto, A. di Sarra, F. Esposito, G. Fiocco, D. Fuá, G. Grieco, T. Maestri, G. Masiello, G. Muscari, L. Palchetti, E. Papandrea, G. Pavese, R. Restieri, R. Rizzi, F. Romano, C. Serio, D. Summa, G. Todini, and E. Tosi, “Spectrally resolved observations of atmospheric emitted radiance in the H2O rotation band,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L04812, doi:10.1029/2007GL032207.
[CrossRef]

Dirkx, T. P.

R. O. Knuteson, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, R. A. Herbsleb, H. B. Howell, H. E. Revercomb, W. L. Smith, and J. F. Short, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): part II: instrument performance,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Knuteson, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, R. A. Herbsleb, H. B. Howell, H. E. Revercomb, W. L. Smith, and J. F. Short, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): part I: instrument design,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1763-1776 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dykema, J. A.

Ellingson, R. G.

D. C. Tobin, F. A. Best, P. D. Brown, S. A. Clough, R. G. Dedecker, R. G. Ellingson, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, R. O. Knuteson, E. J. Mlawer, H. E. Revercomb, J. F. Short, P. F. W. van Delst, and V. P. Walden, “Downwelling spectral radiance observations at the SHEBA ice station: water vapour continuum measurements from 17 to 26 μm” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 2081-2092(1999).
[CrossRef]

Ellington, S.

R. O. Knuteson, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, R. A. Herbsleb, H. B. Howell, H. E. Revercomb, W. L. Smith, and J. F. Short, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): part II: instrument performance,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Knuteson, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, R. A. Herbsleb, H. B. Howell, H. E. Revercomb, W. L. Smith, and J. F. Short, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): part I: instrument design,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1763-1776 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Esposito, F.

F. Esposito, G. Grieco, L. Leone, R. Restieri, C. Serio, L. Palchetti, G. Bianchini, M. Pellegrini, V. Cuomo, G. Masiello, and G. Pavese, “REFIR/BB initial observations in the water vapour rotational band: results from a field campaign,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 103, 524-535 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Palchetti, G. Bianchini, F. Castagnoli, B. Carli, C. Serio, F. Esposito, V. Cuomo, R. Rizzi, and T. Maestri, “Breadboard of a Fourier-transform spectrometer for the Radiation Explorer in the Far Infrared atmospheric mission,” Appl. Opt. 44, 2870-2878 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Bhawar, G. Bianchini, A. Bozzo, M. Cacciani, M. R. Calvello, M. F. V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, T. Di Iorio, L. Di Liberto, A. di Sarra, F. Esposito, G. Fiocco, D. Fuá, G. Grieco, T. Maestri, G. Masiello, G. Muscari, L. Palchetti, E. Papandrea, G. Pavese, R. Restieri, R. Rizzi, F. Romano, C. Serio, D. Summa, G. Todini, and E. Tosi, “Spectrally resolved observations of atmospheric emitted radiance in the H2O rotation band,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L04812, doi:10.1029/2007GL032207.
[CrossRef]

C. Serio, F. Esposito, L. Palchetti, and R. Rizzi, “R&D bread-board for a Fourier Transform Spectrometer to remotely sense the rotational water vapour band (10-1000cm−1),” ASI-I/R/27/00, Italian Space Agency, Final Report (2002). Available online at https://www.difa.unibas.it/jFM/dlf/Progetti/cobra/index.htm.

Feltz, W. F.

R. O. Knuteson, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, R. A. Herbsleb, H. B. Howell, H. E. Revercomb, W. L. Smith, and J. F. Short, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): part I: instrument design,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1763-1776 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Knuteson, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, R. A. Herbsleb, H. B. Howell, H. E. Revercomb, W. L. Smith, and J. F. Short, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): part II: instrument performance,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. D. Turner, H. E. Revercomb, R. O. Knuteson, R. G. Dedecker, and W. F. Feltz, “An evaluation of the nonlinearity correction applied to atmospheric emitted radiance interferometer (AERI) data collected by the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program,” in Technical Proceedings ARM TR-013 (ARM, 2004), available online at http://www.arm.gov/publications/tech_reports/arm-tr-013.pdf.

Fiedler, L.

Fiocco, G.

R. Bhawar, G. Bianchini, A. Bozzo, M. Cacciani, M. R. Calvello, M. F. V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, T. Di Iorio, L. Di Liberto, A. di Sarra, F. Esposito, G. Fiocco, D. Fuá, G. Grieco, T. Maestri, G. Masiello, G. Muscari, L. Palchetti, E. Papandrea, G. Pavese, R. Restieri, R. Rizzi, F. Romano, C. Serio, D. Summa, G. Todini, and E. Tosi, “Spectrally resolved observations of atmospheric emitted radiance in the H2O rotation band,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L04812, doi:10.1029/2007GL032207.
[CrossRef]

Fuá, D.

R. Bhawar, G. Bianchini, A. Bozzo, M. Cacciani, M. R. Calvello, M. F. V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, T. Di Iorio, L. Di Liberto, A. di Sarra, F. Esposito, G. Fiocco, D. Fuá, G. Grieco, T. Maestri, G. Masiello, G. Muscari, L. Palchetti, E. Papandrea, G. Pavese, R. Restieri, R. Rizzi, F. Romano, C. Serio, D. Summa, G. Todini, and E. Tosi, “Spectrally resolved observations of atmospheric emitted radiance in the H2O rotation band,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L04812, doi:10.1029/2007GL032207.
[CrossRef]

Gamache, R. R.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, D. Jacquemart, C. Boone, P. F. Bernath, M. W. Shephard, J. S. Delamere, and S. A. Clough, “Current updates of the water-vapor line list in HITRAN: A new Diet for air-broadened half-widths,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 108, 389-402 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Garcia, R. K.

R. O. Knuteson, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, R. A. Herbsleb, H. B. Howell, H. E. Revercomb, W. L. Smith, and J. F. Short, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): part II: instrument performance,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Knuteson, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, R. A. Herbsleb, H. B. Howell, H. E. Revercomb, W. L. Smith, and J. F. Short, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): part I: instrument design,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1763-1776 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Tobin, F. A. Best, P. D. Brown, S. A. Clough, R. G. Dedecker, R. G. Ellingson, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, R. O. Knuteson, E. J. Mlawer, H. E. Revercomb, J. F. Short, P. F. W. van Delst, and V. P. Walden, “Downwelling spectral radiance observations at the SHEBA ice station: water vapour continuum measurements from 17 to 26 μm” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 2081-2092(1999).
[CrossRef]

Goody, R.

R. Goody, J. Anderson, and G. North, “Testing climate models: an approach,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 79, 2541-2549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, I. E.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, D. Jacquemart, C. Boone, P. F. Bernath, M. W. Shephard, J. S. Delamere, and S. A. Clough, “Current updates of the water-vapor line list in HITRAN: A new Diet for air-broadened half-widths,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 108, 389-402 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Grieco, G.

F. Esposito, G. Grieco, L. Leone, R. Restieri, C. Serio, L. Palchetti, G. Bianchini, M. Pellegrini, V. Cuomo, G. Masiello, and G. Pavese, “REFIR/BB initial observations in the water vapour rotational band: results from a field campaign,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 103, 524-535 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Grieco, A. Luchetta, G. Masiello, C. Serio, and M. Viggiano, “IMG O3 retrieval and comparison with TOMS/ADEOS columnar ozone: an analysis based on tropical soundings,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 95, 331-348 (2005).
[CrossRef]

U. Amato, G. Grieco, G. Masiello, and C. Serio, “Assessment of the temperature and water vapour retrieval capability and performance of the MTG Infrared Sounding Mission under different noise and spectral coverage scenarios,” EUM/CO/05/1466/SAT, EUMETSAT Technical Report (2006).

R. Bhawar, G. Bianchini, A. Bozzo, M. Cacciani, M. R. Calvello, M. F. V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, T. Di Iorio, L. Di Liberto, A. di Sarra, F. Esposito, G. Fiocco, D. Fuá, G. Grieco, T. Maestri, G. Masiello, G. Muscari, L. Palchetti, E. Papandrea, G. Pavese, R. Restieri, R. Rizzi, F. Romano, C. Serio, D. Summa, G. Todini, and E. Tosi, “Spectrally resolved observations of atmospheric emitted radiance in the H2O rotation band,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L04812, doi:10.1029/2007GL032207.
[CrossRef]

Harries, J. E.

B. Carli, A. Barbis, J. E. Harries, and L. Palchetti, “Design of an efficient broad band far infrared FT spectrometer,” Appl. Opt. 38, 3945-3950 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Rizzi, B. Carli, J. E. Harries, J. Leotin, C. Serio, A. Sutera, B. Bizzarri, R. Bonsignori, and S. Peskett, “Mission objectives and instrument requirements for the REFIR (Radiation Explorer in the Far Infrared) Mission: an outline after the end of phase B0,” in Proceedings of IRS 2000, (A. Deepak, 2001), pp. 567-570.

Hawkins, G.

G. Hawkins and R. Hunneman, “The temperature-dependent spectral properties of filter substrate materials in the far-infrared (640 μm),” Infrared Phys. Technol. 45, 69-79 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Held, I. M.

I. M. Held and B. J. Soden, “Water vapor feedback and global warming,” Annu. Rev. Energy Environ. 25, 441-475 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Herbsleb, R. A.

R. O. Knuteson, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, R. A. Herbsleb, H. B. Howell, H. E. Revercomb, W. L. Smith, and J. F. Short, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): part II: instrument performance,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Knuteson, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, R. A. Herbsleb, H. B. Howell, H. E. Revercomb, W. L. Smith, and J. F. Short, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): part I: instrument design,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1763-1776 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Homes, C. C.

Howell, H. B.

R. O. Knuteson, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, R. A. Herbsleb, H. B. Howell, H. E. Revercomb, W. L. Smith, and J. F. Short, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): part I: instrument design,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1763-1776 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Knuteson, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, R. A. Herbsleb, H. B. Howell, H. E. Revercomb, W. L. Smith, and J. F. Short, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): part II: instrument performance,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Zhou, W. L. Smith, J. Li, H. B. Howell, C. W. Cantwell, A. M. Larar, R. O. Knuteson, D. C. Tobin, H. E. Revercomb, G. E. Bingham, J-J Tsou, and S. A. Mango, “Thermodynamic product retrieval methodology and validation for NAST-I,” Appl. Opt. 41, 6957-6970 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. C. Tobin, F. A. Best, P. D. Brown, S. A. Clough, R. G. Dedecker, R. G. Ellingson, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, R. O. Knuteson, E. J. Mlawer, H. E. Revercomb, J. F. Short, P. F. W. van Delst, and V. P. Walden, “Downwelling spectral radiance observations at the SHEBA ice station: water vapour continuum measurements from 17 to 26 μm” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 2081-2092(1999).
[CrossRef]

H. E. Revercomb, H. Buijs, H. B. Howell, D. D. LaPorte, W. L. Smith, and L. A. Sromovsky, “Radiometric calibration of IR Fourier transform spectrometers: solution to a problem with the high-resolution interferometer sounder,” Appl. Opt. 27, 3210-3218 (1988).
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I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, D. Jacquemart, C. Boone, P. F. Bernath, M. W. Shephard, J. S. Delamere, and S. A. Clough, “Current updates of the water-vapor line list in HITRAN: A new Diet for air-broadened half-widths,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 108, 389-402 (2007)
[CrossRef]

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L. Palchetti, C. Belotti, G. Bianchini, F. Castagnoli, B. Carli, U. Cortesi, M. Pellegrini, C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, and Y. Te, “Technical note: first spectral measurement of the Earth's upwelling emission using an uncooled wideband Fourier transform spectrometer,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 4061-4080 (2006).
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Johnson, D. G.

M. G. Mlynczak, D. G. Johnson, H. Latvakoski, K. Jucks, M. Watson, G. Bingham, D. P. Kratz, W. A. Traub, S. J. Wellard, and C. R. Hyde, “First light from the Far-Infrared Spectroscopy of the Troposphere (FIRST) instrument,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L07704 (2006).
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I. T. Jolliffe, Principal Component Analysis (Springer-Verlag, 2002).

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M. G. Mlynczak, D. G. Johnson, H. Latvakoski, K. Jucks, M. Watson, G. Bingham, D. P. Kratz, W. A. Traub, S. J. Wellard, and C. R. Hyde, “First light from the Far-Infrared Spectroscopy of the Troposphere (FIRST) instrument,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L07704 (2006).
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Keith, D. W.

Knuteson, R. O.

R. O. Knuteson, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, R. A. Herbsleb, H. B. Howell, H. E. Revercomb, W. L. Smith, and J. F. Short, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): part II: instrument performance,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
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R. O. Knuteson, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, R. A. Herbsleb, H. B. Howell, H. E. Revercomb, W. L. Smith, and J. F. Short, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): part I: instrument design,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1763-1776 (2004).
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D. K. Zhou, W. L. Smith, J. Li, H. B. Howell, C. W. Cantwell, A. M. Larar, R. O. Knuteson, D. C. Tobin, H. E. Revercomb, G. E. Bingham, J-J Tsou, and S. A. Mango, “Thermodynamic product retrieval methodology and validation for NAST-I,” Appl. Opt. 41, 6957-6970 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. C. Tobin, F. A. Best, P. D. Brown, S. A. Clough, R. G. Dedecker, R. G. Ellingson, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, R. O. Knuteson, E. J. Mlawer, H. E. Revercomb, J. F. Short, P. F. W. van Delst, and V. P. Walden, “Downwelling spectral radiance observations at the SHEBA ice station: water vapour continuum measurements from 17 to 26 μm” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 2081-2092(1999).
[CrossRef]

D. D. Turner, H. E. Revercomb, R. O. Knuteson, R. G. Dedecker, and W. F. Feltz, “An evaluation of the nonlinearity correction applied to atmospheric emitted radiance interferometer (AERI) data collected by the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program,” in Technical Proceedings ARM TR-013 (ARM, 2004), available online at http://www.arm.gov/publications/tech_reports/arm-tr-013.pdf.

Kratz, D. P.

M. G. Mlynczak, D. G. Johnson, H. Latvakoski, K. Jucks, M. Watson, G. Bingham, D. P. Kratz, W. A. Traub, S. J. Wellard, and C. R. Hyde, “First light from the Far-Infrared Spectroscopy of the Troposphere (FIRST) instrument,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L07704 (2006).
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LaPorte, D. D.

Lapson, L.

Larar, A. M.

Latvakoski, H.

M. G. Mlynczak, D. G. Johnson, H. Latvakoski, K. Jucks, M. Watson, G. Bingham, D. P. Kratz, W. A. Traub, S. J. Wellard, and C. R. Hyde, “First light from the Far-Infrared Spectroscopy of the Troposphere (FIRST) instrument,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L07704 (2006).
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LaVeigne, J. D.

Leone, L.

F. Esposito, G. Grieco, L. Leone, R. Restieri, C. Serio, L. Palchetti, G. Bianchini, M. Pellegrini, V. Cuomo, G. Masiello, and G. Pavese, “REFIR/BB initial observations in the water vapour rotational band: results from a field campaign,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 103, 524-535 (2007).
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Leotin, J.

R. Rizzi, B. Carli, J. E. Harries, J. Leotin, C. Serio, A. Sutera, B. Bizzarri, R. Bonsignori, and S. Peskett, “Mission objectives and instrument requirements for the REFIR (Radiation Explorer in the Far Infrared) Mission: an outline after the end of phase B0,” in Proceedings of IRS 2000, (A. Deepak, 2001), pp. 567-570.

Li, J.

Lobo, R. P. S. M.

Luchetta, A.

G. Grieco, A. Luchetta, G. Masiello, C. Serio, and M. Viggiano, “IMG O3 retrieval and comparison with TOMS/ADEOS columnar ozone: an analysis based on tropical soundings,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 95, 331-348 (2005).
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Maestri, T.

L. Palchetti, G. Bianchini, F. Castagnoli, B. Carli, C. Serio, F. Esposito, V. Cuomo, R. Rizzi, and T. Maestri, “Breadboard of a Fourier-transform spectrometer for the Radiation Explorer in the Far Infrared atmospheric mission,” Appl. Opt. 44, 2870-2878 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Bhawar, G. Bianchini, A. Bozzo, M. Cacciani, M. R. Calvello, M. F. V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, T. Di Iorio, L. Di Liberto, A. di Sarra, F. Esposito, G. Fiocco, D. Fuá, G. Grieco, T. Maestri, G. Masiello, G. Muscari, L. Palchetti, E. Papandrea, G. Pavese, R. Restieri, R. Rizzi, F. Romano, C. Serio, D. Summa, G. Todini, and E. Tosi, “Spectrally resolved observations of atmospheric emitted radiance in the H2O rotation band,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L04812, doi:10.1029/2007GL032207.
[CrossRef]

Mango, S. A.

Masiello, G.

F. Esposito, G. Grieco, L. Leone, R. Restieri, C. Serio, L. Palchetti, G. Bianchini, M. Pellegrini, V. Cuomo, G. Masiello, and G. Pavese, “REFIR/BB initial observations in the water vapour rotational band: results from a field campaign,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 103, 524-535 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Grieco, A. Luchetta, G. Masiello, C. Serio, and M. Viggiano, “IMG O3 retrieval and comparison with TOMS/ADEOS columnar ozone: an analysis based on tropical soundings,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 95, 331-348 (2005).
[CrossRef]

U. Amato, G. Grieco, G. Masiello, and C. Serio, “Assessment of the temperature and water vapour retrieval capability and performance of the MTG Infrared Sounding Mission under different noise and spectral coverage scenarios,” EUM/CO/05/1466/SAT, EUMETSAT Technical Report (2006).

R. Bhawar, G. Bianchini, A. Bozzo, M. Cacciani, M. R. Calvello, M. F. V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, T. Di Iorio, L. Di Liberto, A. di Sarra, F. Esposito, G. Fiocco, D. Fuá, G. Grieco, T. Maestri, G. Masiello, G. Muscari, L. Palchetti, E. Papandrea, G. Pavese, R. Restieri, R. Rizzi, F. Romano, C. Serio, D. Summa, G. Todini, and E. Tosi, “Spectrally resolved observations of atmospheric emitted radiance in the H2O rotation band,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L04812, doi:10.1029/2007GL032207.
[CrossRef]

Mlawer, E. J.

S. A. Clough, M. W. Shephard, E. J. Mlawer, J. S. Delamere, M. J. Iacono, K. Cady-Pereira, S. Boukabara, and P. D. Brown, “Atmospheric radiative transfer modeling: a summary of the AER codes,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 91, 233-244 (2005) doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2004.05.058
[CrossRef]

D. C. Tobin, F. A. Best, P. D. Brown, S. A. Clough, R. G. Dedecker, R. G. Ellingson, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, R. O. Knuteson, E. J. Mlawer, H. E. Revercomb, J. F. Short, P. F. W. van Delst, and V. P. Walden, “Downwelling spectral radiance observations at the SHEBA ice station: water vapour continuum measurements from 17 to 26 μm” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 2081-2092(1999).
[CrossRef]

Mlynczak, M. G.

M. G. Mlynczak, D. G. Johnson, H. Latvakoski, K. Jucks, M. Watson, G. Bingham, D. P. Kratz, W. A. Traub, S. J. Wellard, and C. R. Hyde, “First light from the Far-Infrared Spectroscopy of the Troposphere (FIRST) instrument,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L07704 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Muscari, G.

R. Bhawar, G. Bianchini, A. Bozzo, M. Cacciani, M. R. Calvello, M. F. V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, T. Di Iorio, L. Di Liberto, A. di Sarra, F. Esposito, G. Fiocco, D. Fuá, G. Grieco, T. Maestri, G. Masiello, G. Muscari, L. Palchetti, E. Papandrea, G. Pavese, R. Restieri, R. Rizzi, F. Romano, C. Serio, D. Summa, G. Todini, and E. Tosi, “Spectrally resolved observations of atmospheric emitted radiance in the H2O rotation band,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L04812, doi:10.1029/2007GL032207.
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North, G.

R. Goody, J. Anderson, and G. North, “Testing climate models: an approach,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 79, 2541-2549 (1998).
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Palchetti, L.

F. Esposito, G. Grieco, L. Leone, R. Restieri, C. Serio, L. Palchetti, G. Bianchini, M. Pellegrini, V. Cuomo, G. Masiello, and G. Pavese, “REFIR/BB initial observations in the water vapour rotational band: results from a field campaign,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 103, 524-535 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Palchetti, C. Belotti, G. Bianchini, F. Castagnoli, B. Carli, U. Cortesi, M. Pellegrini, C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, and Y. Te, “Technical note: first spectral measurement of the Earth's upwelling emission using an uncooled wideband Fourier transform spectrometer,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 4061-4080 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Palchetti, G. Bianchini, F. Castagnoli, B. Carli, C. Serio, F. Esposito, V. Cuomo, R. Rizzi, and T. Maestri, “Breadboard of a Fourier-transform spectrometer for the Radiation Explorer in the Far Infrared atmospheric mission,” Appl. Opt. 44, 2870-2878 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Carli, A. Barbis, J. E. Harries, and L. Palchetti, “Design of an efficient broad band far infrared FT spectrometer,” Appl. Opt. 38, 3945-3950 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Serio, F. Esposito, L. Palchetti, and R. Rizzi, “R&D bread-board for a Fourier Transform Spectrometer to remotely sense the rotational water vapour band (10-1000cm−1),” ASI-I/R/27/00, Italian Space Agency, Final Report (2002). Available online at https://www.difa.unibas.it/jFM/dlf/Progetti/cobra/index.htm.

R. Bhawar, G. Bianchini, A. Bozzo, M. Cacciani, M. R. Calvello, M. F. V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, T. Di Iorio, L. Di Liberto, A. di Sarra, F. Esposito, G. Fiocco, D. Fuá, G. Grieco, T. Maestri, G. Masiello, G. Muscari, L. Palchetti, E. Papandrea, G. Pavese, R. Restieri, R. Rizzi, F. Romano, C. Serio, D. Summa, G. Todini, and E. Tosi, “Spectrally resolved observations of atmospheric emitted radiance in the H2O rotation band,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L04812, doi:10.1029/2007GL032207.
[CrossRef]

Papandrea, E.

R. Bhawar, G. Bianchini, A. Bozzo, M. Cacciani, M. R. Calvello, M. F. V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, T. Di Iorio, L. Di Liberto, A. di Sarra, F. Esposito, G. Fiocco, D. Fuá, G. Grieco, T. Maestri, G. Masiello, G. Muscari, L. Palchetti, E. Papandrea, G. Pavese, R. Restieri, R. Rizzi, F. Romano, C. Serio, D. Summa, G. Todini, and E. Tosi, “Spectrally resolved observations of atmospheric emitted radiance in the H2O rotation band,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L04812, doi:10.1029/2007GL032207.
[CrossRef]

Pavese, G.

F. Esposito, G. Grieco, L. Leone, R. Restieri, C. Serio, L. Palchetti, G. Bianchini, M. Pellegrini, V. Cuomo, G. Masiello, and G. Pavese, “REFIR/BB initial observations in the water vapour rotational band: results from a field campaign,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 103, 524-535 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Bhawar, G. Bianchini, A. Bozzo, M. Cacciani, M. R. Calvello, M. F. V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, T. Di Iorio, L. Di Liberto, A. di Sarra, F. Esposito, G. Fiocco, D. Fuá, G. Grieco, T. Maestri, G. Masiello, G. Muscari, L. Palchetti, E. Papandrea, G. Pavese, R. Restieri, R. Rizzi, F. Romano, C. Serio, D. Summa, G. Todini, and E. Tosi, “Spectrally resolved observations of atmospheric emitted radiance in the H2O rotation band,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L04812, doi:10.1029/2007GL032207.
[CrossRef]

Pellegrini, M.

F. Esposito, G. Grieco, L. Leone, R. Restieri, C. Serio, L. Palchetti, G. Bianchini, M. Pellegrini, V. Cuomo, G. Masiello, and G. Pavese, “REFIR/BB initial observations in the water vapour rotational band: results from a field campaign,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 103, 524-535 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Palchetti, C. Belotti, G. Bianchini, F. Castagnoli, B. Carli, U. Cortesi, M. Pellegrini, C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, and Y. Te, “Technical note: first spectral measurement of the Earth's upwelling emission using an uncooled wideband Fourier transform spectrometer,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 4061-4080 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Peskett, S.

R. Rizzi, B. Carli, J. E. Harries, J. Leotin, C. Serio, A. Sutera, B. Bizzarri, R. Bonsignori, and S. Peskett, “Mission objectives and instrument requirements for the REFIR (Radiation Explorer in the Far Infrared) Mission: an outline after the end of phase B0,” in Proceedings of IRS 2000, (A. Deepak, 2001), pp. 567-570.

Restieri, R.

F. Esposito, G. Grieco, L. Leone, R. Restieri, C. Serio, L. Palchetti, G. Bianchini, M. Pellegrini, V. Cuomo, G. Masiello, and G. Pavese, “REFIR/BB initial observations in the water vapour rotational band: results from a field campaign,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 103, 524-535 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Bhawar, G. Bianchini, A. Bozzo, M. Cacciani, M. R. Calvello, M. F. V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, T. Di Iorio, L. Di Liberto, A. di Sarra, F. Esposito, G. Fiocco, D. Fuá, G. Grieco, T. Maestri, G. Masiello, G. Muscari, L. Palchetti, E. Papandrea, G. Pavese, R. Restieri, R. Rizzi, F. Romano, C. Serio, D. Summa, G. Todini, and E. Tosi, “Spectrally resolved observations of atmospheric emitted radiance in the H2O rotation band,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L04812, doi:10.1029/2007GL032207.
[CrossRef]

Revercomb, H. E.

R. O. Knuteson, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, R. A. Herbsleb, H. B. Howell, H. E. Revercomb, W. L. Smith, and J. F. Short, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): part I: instrument design,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1763-1776 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Knuteson, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, R. A. Herbsleb, H. B. Howell, H. E. Revercomb, W. L. Smith, and J. F. Short, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): part II: instrument performance,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Zhou, W. L. Smith, J. Li, H. B. Howell, C. W. Cantwell, A. M. Larar, R. O. Knuteson, D. C. Tobin, H. E. Revercomb, G. E. Bingham, J-J Tsou, and S. A. Mango, “Thermodynamic product retrieval methodology and validation for NAST-I,” Appl. Opt. 41, 6957-6970 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. C. Tobin, F. A. Best, P. D. Brown, S. A. Clough, R. G. Dedecker, R. G. Ellingson, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, R. O. Knuteson, E. J. Mlawer, H. E. Revercomb, J. F. Short, P. F. W. van Delst, and V. P. Walden, “Downwelling spectral radiance observations at the SHEBA ice station: water vapour continuum measurements from 17 to 26 μm” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 2081-2092(1999).
[CrossRef]

H. E. Revercomb, H. Buijs, H. B. Howell, D. D. LaPorte, W. L. Smith, and L. A. Sromovsky, “Radiometric calibration of IR Fourier transform spectrometers: solution to a problem with the high-resolution interferometer sounder,” Appl. Opt. 27, 3210-3218 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. D. Turner, H. E. Revercomb, R. O. Knuteson, R. G. Dedecker, and W. F. Feltz, “An evaluation of the nonlinearity correction applied to atmospheric emitted radiance interferometer (AERI) data collected by the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program,” in Technical Proceedings ARM TR-013 (ARM, 2004), available online at http://www.arm.gov/publications/tech_reports/arm-tr-013.pdf.

Rizzi, R.

L. Palchetti, G. Bianchini, F. Castagnoli, B. Carli, C. Serio, F. Esposito, V. Cuomo, R. Rizzi, and T. Maestri, “Breadboard of a Fourier-transform spectrometer for the Radiation Explorer in the Far Infrared atmospheric mission,” Appl. Opt. 44, 2870-2878 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Bhawar, G. Bianchini, A. Bozzo, M. Cacciani, M. R. Calvello, M. F. V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, T. Di Iorio, L. Di Liberto, A. di Sarra, F. Esposito, G. Fiocco, D. Fuá, G. Grieco, T. Maestri, G. Masiello, G. Muscari, L. Palchetti, E. Papandrea, G. Pavese, R. Restieri, R. Rizzi, F. Romano, C. Serio, D. Summa, G. Todini, and E. Tosi, “Spectrally resolved observations of atmospheric emitted radiance in the H2O rotation band,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L04812, doi:10.1029/2007GL032207.
[CrossRef]

C. Serio, F. Esposito, L. Palchetti, and R. Rizzi, “R&D bread-board for a Fourier Transform Spectrometer to remotely sense the rotational water vapour band (10-1000cm−1),” ASI-I/R/27/00, Italian Space Agency, Final Report (2002). Available online at https://www.difa.unibas.it/jFM/dlf/Progetti/cobra/index.htm.

R. Rizzi, B. Carli, J. E. Harries, J. Leotin, C. Serio, A. Sutera, B. Bizzarri, R. Bonsignori, and S. Peskett, “Mission objectives and instrument requirements for the REFIR (Radiation Explorer in the Far Infrared) Mission: an outline after the end of phase B0,” in Proceedings of IRS 2000, (A. Deepak, 2001), pp. 567-570.

Romano, F.

R. Bhawar, G. Bianchini, A. Bozzo, M. Cacciani, M. R. Calvello, M. F. V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, T. Di Iorio, L. Di Liberto, A. di Sarra, F. Esposito, G. Fiocco, D. Fuá, G. Grieco, T. Maestri, G. Masiello, G. Muscari, L. Palchetti, E. Papandrea, G. Pavese, R. Restieri, R. Rizzi, F. Romano, C. Serio, D. Summa, G. Todini, and E. Tosi, “Spectrally resolved observations of atmospheric emitted radiance in the H2O rotation band,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L04812, doi:10.1029/2007GL032207.
[CrossRef]

Rothman, L. S.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, D. Jacquemart, C. Boone, P. F. Bernath, M. W. Shephard, J. S. Delamere, and S. A. Clough, “Current updates of the water-vapor line list in HITRAN: A new Diet for air-broadened half-widths,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 108, 389-402 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Serio, C.

F. Esposito, G. Grieco, L. Leone, R. Restieri, C. Serio, L. Palchetti, G. Bianchini, M. Pellegrini, V. Cuomo, G. Masiello, and G. Pavese, “REFIR/BB initial observations in the water vapour rotational band: results from a field campaign,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 103, 524-535 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Palchetti, G. Bianchini, F. Castagnoli, B. Carli, C. Serio, F. Esposito, V. Cuomo, R. Rizzi, and T. Maestri, “Breadboard of a Fourier-transform spectrometer for the Radiation Explorer in the Far Infrared atmospheric mission,” Appl. Opt. 44, 2870-2878 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Grieco, A. Luchetta, G. Masiello, C. Serio, and M. Viggiano, “IMG O3 retrieval and comparison with TOMS/ADEOS columnar ozone: an analysis based on tropical soundings,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 95, 331-348 (2005).
[CrossRef]

U. Amato, G. Grieco, G. Masiello, and C. Serio, “Assessment of the temperature and water vapour retrieval capability and performance of the MTG Infrared Sounding Mission under different noise and spectral coverage scenarios,” EUM/CO/05/1466/SAT, EUMETSAT Technical Report (2006).

R. Bhawar, G. Bianchini, A. Bozzo, M. Cacciani, M. R. Calvello, M. F. V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, T. Di Iorio, L. Di Liberto, A. di Sarra, F. Esposito, G. Fiocco, D. Fuá, G. Grieco, T. Maestri, G. Masiello, G. Muscari, L. Palchetti, E. Papandrea, G. Pavese, R. Restieri, R. Rizzi, F. Romano, C. Serio, D. Summa, G. Todini, and E. Tosi, “Spectrally resolved observations of atmospheric emitted radiance in the H2O rotation band,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L04812, doi:10.1029/2007GL032207.
[CrossRef]

C. Serio, F. Esposito, L. Palchetti, and R. Rizzi, “R&D bread-board for a Fourier Transform Spectrometer to remotely sense the rotational water vapour band (10-1000cm−1),” ASI-I/R/27/00, Italian Space Agency, Final Report (2002). Available online at https://www.difa.unibas.it/jFM/dlf/Progetti/cobra/index.htm.

R. Rizzi, B. Carli, J. E. Harries, J. Leotin, C. Serio, A. Sutera, B. Bizzarri, R. Bonsignori, and S. Peskett, “Mission objectives and instrument requirements for the REFIR (Radiation Explorer in the Far Infrared) Mission: an outline after the end of phase B0,” in Proceedings of IRS 2000, (A. Deepak, 2001), pp. 567-570.

Shephard, M. W.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, D. Jacquemart, C. Boone, P. F. Bernath, M. W. Shephard, J. S. Delamere, and S. A. Clough, “Current updates of the water-vapor line list in HITRAN: A new Diet for air-broadened half-widths,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 108, 389-402 (2007)
[CrossRef]

S. A. Clough, M. W. Shephard, E. J. Mlawer, J. S. Delamere, M. J. Iacono, K. Cady-Pereira, S. Boukabara, and P. D. Brown, “Atmospheric radiative transfer modeling: a summary of the AER codes,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 91, 233-244 (2005) doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2004.05.058
[CrossRef]

Short, J. F.

R. O. Knuteson, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, R. A. Herbsleb, H. B. Howell, H. E. Revercomb, W. L. Smith, and J. F. Short, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): part II: instrument performance,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Knuteson, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, R. A. Herbsleb, H. B. Howell, H. E. Revercomb, W. L. Smith, and J. F. Short, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): part I: instrument design,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1763-1776 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Tobin, F. A. Best, P. D. Brown, S. A. Clough, R. G. Dedecker, R. G. Ellingson, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, R. O. Knuteson, E. J. Mlawer, H. E. Revercomb, J. F. Short, P. F. W. van Delst, and V. P. Walden, “Downwelling spectral radiance observations at the SHEBA ice station: water vapour continuum measurements from 17 to 26 μm” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 2081-2092(1999).
[CrossRef]

Smith, W. L.

R. O. Knuteson, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, R. A. Herbsleb, H. B. Howell, H. E. Revercomb, W. L. Smith, and J. F. Short, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): part II: instrument performance,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Knuteson, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, R. A. Herbsleb, H. B. Howell, H. E. Revercomb, W. L. Smith, and J. F. Short, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): part I: instrument design,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1763-1776 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Zhou, W. L. Smith, J. Li, H. B. Howell, C. W. Cantwell, A. M. Larar, R. O. Knuteson, D. C. Tobin, H. E. Revercomb, G. E. Bingham, J-J Tsou, and S. A. Mango, “Thermodynamic product retrieval methodology and validation for NAST-I,” Appl. Opt. 41, 6957-6970 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. E. Revercomb, H. Buijs, H. B. Howell, D. D. LaPorte, W. L. Smith, and L. A. Sromovsky, “Radiometric calibration of IR Fourier transform spectrometers: solution to a problem with the high-resolution interferometer sounder,” Appl. Opt. 27, 3210-3218 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soden, B. J.

I. M. Held and B. J. Soden, “Water vapor feedback and global warming,” Annu. Rev. Energy Environ. 25, 441-475 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sromovsky, L. A.

Stokes, G. M.

T. P. Ackerman and G. M. Stokes, “The atmospheric radiation measurement program,” Phys. Today 56, 38-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Summa, D.

R. Bhawar, G. Bianchini, A. Bozzo, M. Cacciani, M. R. Calvello, M. F. V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, T. Di Iorio, L. Di Liberto, A. di Sarra, F. Esposito, G. Fiocco, D. Fuá, G. Grieco, T. Maestri, G. Masiello, G. Muscari, L. Palchetti, E. Papandrea, G. Pavese, R. Restieri, R. Rizzi, F. Romano, C. Serio, D. Summa, G. Todini, and E. Tosi, “Spectrally resolved observations of atmospheric emitted radiance in the H2O rotation band,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L04812, doi:10.1029/2007GL032207.
[CrossRef]

Sutera, A.

R. Rizzi, B. Carli, J. E. Harries, J. Leotin, C. Serio, A. Sutera, B. Bizzarri, R. Bonsignori, and S. Peskett, “Mission objectives and instrument requirements for the REFIR (Radiation Explorer in the Far Infrared) Mission: an outline after the end of phase B0,” in Proceedings of IRS 2000, (A. Deepak, 2001), pp. 567-570.

Tanner, D. B.

Tarantola, A.

A. Tarantola, Inverse Problem Theory (Elsevier, 1987).

Te, Y.

L. Palchetti, C. Belotti, G. Bianchini, F. Castagnoli, B. Carli, U. Cortesi, M. Pellegrini, C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, and Y. Te, “Technical note: first spectral measurement of the Earth's upwelling emission using an uncooled wideband Fourier transform spectrometer,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 4061-4080 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tobin, D. C.

D. K. Zhou, W. L. Smith, J. Li, H. B. Howell, C. W. Cantwell, A. M. Larar, R. O. Knuteson, D. C. Tobin, H. E. Revercomb, G. E. Bingham, J-J Tsou, and S. A. Mango, “Thermodynamic product retrieval methodology and validation for NAST-I,” Appl. Opt. 41, 6957-6970 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. C. Tobin, F. A. Best, P. D. Brown, S. A. Clough, R. G. Dedecker, R. G. Ellingson, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, R. O. Knuteson, E. J. Mlawer, H. E. Revercomb, J. F. Short, P. F. W. van Delst, and V. P. Walden, “Downwelling spectral radiance observations at the SHEBA ice station: water vapour continuum measurements from 17 to 26 μm” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 2081-2092(1999).
[CrossRef]

Todini, G.

R. Bhawar, G. Bianchini, A. Bozzo, M. Cacciani, M. R. Calvello, M. F. V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, T. Di Iorio, L. Di Liberto, A. di Sarra, F. Esposito, G. Fiocco, D. Fuá, G. Grieco, T. Maestri, G. Masiello, G. Muscari, L. Palchetti, E. Papandrea, G. Pavese, R. Restieri, R. Rizzi, F. Romano, C. Serio, D. Summa, G. Todini, and E. Tosi, “Spectrally resolved observations of atmospheric emitted radiance in the H2O rotation band,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L04812, doi:10.1029/2007GL032207.
[CrossRef]

Tosi, E.

R. Bhawar, G. Bianchini, A. Bozzo, M. Cacciani, M. R. Calvello, M. F. V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, T. Di Iorio, L. Di Liberto, A. di Sarra, F. Esposito, G. Fiocco, D. Fuá, G. Grieco, T. Maestri, G. Masiello, G. Muscari, L. Palchetti, E. Papandrea, G. Pavese, R. Restieri, R. Rizzi, F. Romano, C. Serio, D. Summa, G. Todini, and E. Tosi, “Spectrally resolved observations of atmospheric emitted radiance in the H2O rotation band,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L04812, doi:10.1029/2007GL032207.
[CrossRef]

Traub, W. A.

M. G. Mlynczak, D. G. Johnson, H. Latvakoski, K. Jucks, M. Watson, G. Bingham, D. P. Kratz, W. A. Traub, S. J. Wellard, and C. R. Hyde, “First light from the Far-Infrared Spectroscopy of the Troposphere (FIRST) instrument,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L07704 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tsou, J-J

Turner, D. D.

D. D. Turner, H. E. Revercomb, R. O. Knuteson, R. G. Dedecker, and W. F. Feltz, “An evaluation of the nonlinearity correction applied to atmospheric emitted radiance interferometer (AERI) data collected by the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program,” in Technical Proceedings ARM TR-013 (ARM, 2004), available online at http://www.arm.gov/publications/tech_reports/arm-tr-013.pdf.

van Delst, P. F. W.

D. C. Tobin, F. A. Best, P. D. Brown, S. A. Clough, R. G. Dedecker, R. G. Ellingson, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, R. O. Knuteson, E. J. Mlawer, H. E. Revercomb, J. F. Short, P. F. W. van Delst, and V. P. Walden, “Downwelling spectral radiance observations at the SHEBA ice station: water vapour continuum measurements from 17 to 26 μm” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 2081-2092(1999).
[CrossRef]

Viggiano, M.

G. Grieco, A. Luchetta, G. Masiello, C. Serio, and M. Viggiano, “IMG O3 retrieval and comparison with TOMS/ADEOS columnar ozone: an analysis based on tropical soundings,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 95, 331-348 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Walden, V. P.

D. C. Tobin, F. A. Best, P. D. Brown, S. A. Clough, R. G. Dedecker, R. G. Ellingson, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, R. O. Knuteson, E. J. Mlawer, H. E. Revercomb, J. F. Short, P. F. W. van Delst, and V. P. Walden, “Downwelling spectral radiance observations at the SHEBA ice station: water vapour continuum measurements from 17 to 26 μm” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 2081-2092(1999).
[CrossRef]

Watson, M.

M. G. Mlynczak, D. G. Johnson, H. Latvakoski, K. Jucks, M. Watson, G. Bingham, D. P. Kratz, W. A. Traub, S. J. Wellard, and C. R. Hyde, “First light from the Far-Infrared Spectroscopy of the Troposphere (FIRST) instrument,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L07704 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wellard, S. J.

M. G. Mlynczak, D. G. Johnson, H. Latvakoski, K. Jucks, M. Watson, G. Bingham, D. P. Kratz, W. A. Traub, S. J. Wellard, and C. R. Hyde, “First light from the Far-Infrared Spectroscopy of the Troposphere (FIRST) instrument,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L07704 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, D. K.

Annu. Rev. Energy Environ.

I. M. Held and B. J. Soden, “Water vapor feedback and global warming,” Annu. Rev. Energy Environ. 25, 441-475 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

B. Carli, A. Barbis, J. E. Harries, and L. Palchetti, “Design of an efficient broad band far infrared FT spectrometer,” Appl. Opt. 38, 3945-3950 (1999).
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L. Palchetti, G. Bianchini, F. Castagnoli, B. Carli, C. Serio, F. Esposito, V. Cuomo, R. Rizzi, and T. Maestri, “Breadboard of a Fourier-transform spectrometer for the Radiation Explorer in the Far Infrared atmospheric mission,” Appl. Opt. 44, 2870-2878 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. E. Revercomb, H. Buijs, H. B. Howell, D. D. LaPorte, W. L. Smith, and L. A. Sromovsky, “Radiometric calibration of IR Fourier transform spectrometers: solution to a problem with the high-resolution interferometer sounder,” Appl. Opt. 27, 3210-3218 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Fiedler, S. Newman, and S. Bakan, “Correction of detector nonlinearity in Fourier transform spectroscopy with a low-temperature blackbody,” Appl. Opt. 44, 5332-5340 (2005).
[PubMed]

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[CrossRef]

D. K. Zhou, W. L. Smith, J. Li, H. B. Howell, C. W. Cantwell, A. M. Larar, R. O. Knuteson, D. C. Tobin, H. E. Revercomb, G. E. Bingham, J-J Tsou, and S. A. Mango, “Thermodynamic product retrieval methodology and validation for NAST-I,” Appl. Opt. 41, 6957-6970 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. C. Homes, G. L. Carr, R. P. S. M. Lobo, J. D. LaVeigne, and D. B. Tanner, “Silicon beam splitter for far-infrared and terahertz spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 46, 7884-7888 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Atmos. Chem. Phys.

L. Palchetti, C. Belotti, G. Bianchini, F. Castagnoli, B. Carli, U. Cortesi, M. Pellegrini, C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, and Y. Te, “Technical note: first spectral measurement of the Earth's upwelling emission using an uncooled wideband Fourier transform spectrometer,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 4061-4080 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.

R. Goody, J. Anderson, and G. North, “Testing climate models: an approach,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 79, 2541-2549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Geophys. Res. Lett.

M. G. Mlynczak, D. G. Johnson, H. Latvakoski, K. Jucks, M. Watson, G. Bingham, D. P. Kratz, W. A. Traub, S. J. Wellard, and C. R. Hyde, “First light from the Far-Infrared Spectroscopy of the Troposphere (FIRST) instrument,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L07704 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Bhawar, G. Bianchini, A. Bozzo, M. Cacciani, M. R. Calvello, M. F. V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, T. Di Iorio, L. Di Liberto, A. di Sarra, F. Esposito, G. Fiocco, D. Fuá, G. Grieco, T. Maestri, G. Masiello, G. Muscari, L. Palchetti, E. Papandrea, G. Pavese, R. Restieri, R. Rizzi, F. Romano, C. Serio, D. Summa, G. Todini, and E. Tosi, “Spectrally resolved observations of atmospheric emitted radiance in the H2O rotation band,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L04812, doi:10.1029/2007GL032207.
[CrossRef]

Infrared Phys. Technol.

G. Hawkins and R. Hunneman, “The temperature-dependent spectral properties of filter substrate materials in the far-infrared (640 μm),” Infrared Phys. Technol. 45, 69-79 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol.

R. O. Knuteson, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, R. A. Herbsleb, H. B. Howell, H. E. Revercomb, W. L. Smith, and J. F. Short, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): part I: instrument design,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1763-1776 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Knuteson, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, R. A. Herbsleb, H. B. Howell, H. E. Revercomb, W. L. Smith, and J. F. Short, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): part II: instrument performance,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res.

D. C. Tobin, F. A. Best, P. D. Brown, S. A. Clough, R. G. Dedecker, R. G. Ellingson, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, R. O. Knuteson, E. J. Mlawer, H. E. Revercomb, J. F. Short, P. F. W. van Delst, and V. P. Walden, “Downwelling spectral radiance observations at the SHEBA ice station: water vapour continuum measurements from 17 to 26 μm” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 2081-2092(1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer

F. Esposito, G. Grieco, L. Leone, R. Restieri, C. Serio, L. Palchetti, G. Bianchini, M. Pellegrini, V. Cuomo, G. Masiello, and G. Pavese, “REFIR/BB initial observations in the water vapour rotational band: results from a field campaign,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 103, 524-535 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Grieco, A. Luchetta, G. Masiello, C. Serio, and M. Viggiano, “IMG O3 retrieval and comparison with TOMS/ADEOS columnar ozone: an analysis based on tropical soundings,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 95, 331-348 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Clough, M. W. Shephard, E. J. Mlawer, J. S. Delamere, M. J. Iacono, K. Cady-Pereira, S. Boukabara, and P. D. Brown, “Atmospheric radiative transfer modeling: a summary of the AER codes,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 91, 233-244 (2005) doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2004.05.058
[CrossRef]

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, D. Jacquemart, C. Boone, P. F. Bernath, M. W. Shephard, J. S. Delamere, and S. A. Clough, “Current updates of the water-vapor line list in HITRAN: A new Diet for air-broadened half-widths,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 108, 389-402 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Phys. Today

T. P. Ackerman and G. M. Stokes, “The atmospheric radiation measurement program,” Phys. Today 56, 38-44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other

D. D. Turner, H. E. Revercomb, R. O. Knuteson, R. G. Dedecker, and W. F. Feltz, “An evaluation of the nonlinearity correction applied to atmospheric emitted radiance interferometer (AERI) data collected by the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program,” in Technical Proceedings ARM TR-013 (ARM, 2004), available online at http://www.arm.gov/publications/tech_reports/arm-tr-013.pdf.

F. A. Best, “Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) instrument radiometric calibration,” available at http://cimss.ssec.wisc.edu/aeri/instrument/calibration/.

http://www.sp.ph.ic.ac.uk/tafts/.

R. Rizzi, B. Carli, J. E. Harries, J. Leotin, C. Serio, A. Sutera, B. Bizzarri, R. Bonsignori, and S. Peskett, “Mission objectives and instrument requirements for the REFIR (Radiation Explorer in the Far Infrared) Mission: an outline after the end of phase B0,” in Proceedings of IRS 2000, (A. Deepak, 2001), pp. 567-570.

C. Serio, F. Esposito, L. Palchetti, and R. Rizzi, “R&D bread-board for a Fourier Transform Spectrometer to remotely sense the rotational water vapour band (10-1000cm−1),” ASI-I/R/27/00, Italian Space Agency, Final Report (2002). Available online at https://www.difa.unibas.it/jFM/dlf/Progetti/cobra/index.htm.

https://www.difa.unibas.it/jFM/dlf/Progetti/cobra/index.htm.

U. Amato, G. Grieco, G. Masiello, and C. Serio, “Assessment of the temperature and water vapour retrieval capability and performance of the MTG Infrared Sounding Mission under different noise and spectral coverage scenarios,” EUM/CO/05/1466/SAT, EUMETSAT Technical Report (2006).

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I. T. Jolliffe, Principal Component Analysis (Springer-Verlag, 2002).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

I-BEST noise performance for the MCT mode. Panel a) shows the average value (gray line) of the brightness temperature spectrum obtained on the basis of 60 measurements of the blackbody reference source at 50 ° C . The thick dashed line gives the temperature of the reference source. Each single observation has a total integration time of 2 min 18 s . Panel b) shows the radiometric noise in terms of NEDT at a scene temperature of 280 K .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

As Fig. 1, but for the P-P mode.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

As Fig. 1, but for the P-CsI mode.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Examples of I-BEST spectra: a) MCT mode; b) P-P mode; c) P-CsI mode. The total integration time is 2 min 18 s , the sampling rate is 0.3931 cm 1 . The spectra have been recorded in atmospheric conditions of different loads of water vapor amount, which, for a proper comparison of the spectra, is shown in the legend.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Examples of I-BEST observations in the H 2 O rotation band. a) P-P mode; b) MCT mode. The figure also compares the observations to calculations. Differences are shown in c) for the P-P mode and in d) for the MCT mode.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Comparing observations (P-P mode) to calculations in the core of the H 2 O rotation band.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Expected retrieval performance for temperature (panel a) and water vapor (panel b) for the various detector modes.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Example of I-BEST, P-P mode, retrieval for water vapor. Panel a) shows the individual 120 retrievals corresponding to 120 spectra recorded from UTC 18 51 54 to UTC 23 32 11 on 5 March 2007, during the ECOWAR experiment in the Alps. Panel b) exhibits the retrieval obtained by averaging over the 120 single profiles shown in panel a). Comparison with radiosonde observations is provided in both panels.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

As Fig. 8, but for temperature.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Comparing the retrieval performance among different spectral bands. The example considers the time behavior of the columnar amount of water vapor (precipitable water vapor, PWV) obtained using spectral radiances for a) the H 2 O rotation band, b) the CO 2 absorption band and c) the H 2 O vibration band. The I-BEST (MCT mode) PWV data points have been obtained by a series of 190 spectra recorded from UTC 14 59 46 to UTC 22 54 43 on 15 March 2007, during the ECOWAR experiment in the Alps. Comparison with radiosonde observations is provided in the three panels.

Equations (11)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

PWV = 1 g p s 0 q ( p ) d p ,
C y ^ ( i , j ) C y ^ ( i , j ) C y ^ ( i , i ) C y ^ ( j , j ) .
C y ^ = C y ^ , diag + C y ^ , off ,
norm ( C y ^ ) norm ( C y ^ , diag ) + norm ( C y ^ , off ) .
C y ^ = C y ^ , diag + C y ^ , off = U S y ^ V t ,
U t C y ^ , diag V + U t C y ^ , off V = S y ^ ,
B y ^ , diag = U t C y ^ , diag V , B y ^ , off = U t C y ^ , off V ,
B y ^ , diag + B y ^ , off = S y ^ .
norm ( C y ^ ) = S y ^ ( 1 , 1 ) = B y ^ , diag ( 1 , 1 ) + B y ^ , off ( 1 , 1 ) ,
i D = B y ^ , diag ( 1 , 1 ) S y ^ ( 1 , 1 ) .
i D = M B y ^ , diag ( 1 , 1 ) S y ^ ( 1 , 1 ) .

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