Abstract

The fluorescence from a fluorophore on a multilayered substrate fabricated by a metal and a dielectric is known to be enhanced by more than 100-fold. In the course of this study, we prepared a multilayered substrate with Ag as the metal and Al2O3 as the dielectric and then investigated the effects of the polarization of the excitation light on the enhancement of the multilayered substrate. It was found that the enhancement was attributed to an electric field oscillating parallel to the substrate. Maximum 200-fold enhancement could be achieved with 80nm thick Al2O3 when an unpolarized excitation light was used with an incident angle of 20°.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2008

R. M. Bakker, H.-K. Yuan, Z. Liu, V. P. Drachev, A. V. Kildishev, V. M. Shalaev, R. H. Pedersen, S. Gresillon, and A. Boltasseva, “Enhanced localized fluorescence in plasmonic nanoantennae,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

C. R. Sabanayagam and J. R. Lakowicz, “Increasing the sensitivity of DNA microarrays by metal-enhanced fluorescence using surface-bound silver nanoparticles,” Nucleic Acids Res. 35, e13 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. G. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, A. Barnett, Z. Leonenko, J. R. Lakowicz, and Z. Gryczynski, “Metal particle-enhanced fluorescent immunoassay on metal mirrors,” Anal. Biochem. 363, 239-245 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

J. Zhnag and J. R. Lakowicz, “A model for DNA detection by metal-enhanced fluorescence from immobilized silver nanoparticles on solid substrate,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 2387-2392 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fu and J. R. Lakowicz, “Enhanced fluorescence of Cy5-labeled oligonucleotides near silver island films: a distance effect study using single molecular spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 22557-22562 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Fu and J. R. Lakowicz, “Enhanced fluorescence of Cy5-labeled DNA tethered to silver island films: fluorescence image and time-resolved studies using single-molecule spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem. 78, 6238-6245 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

E. G. Matveeva, Z. Gryczynski, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Myoglobin immunoassay based on metal particle-enhanced fluorescence,” J. Immunol. Methods 302, 26-35 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, E. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, Z. Leonenko, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Metal-enhanced fluoroimmunoassay on a silver film by vapor deposition,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 7969-7957(2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

J. R. Lakowicz, C. D. Geddes, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, Z. Gryczynski, K. Aslan, J. Lukomska, E. Matveeva, J. Zhang, R. Badugu, and J. Huang, “Advances in surface-enhanced fluorescence,” J. Fluoresc. 14, 425-441 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

J. Malicka, I. Gryczynski, Z. Gryczynski, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Effect of fluorophore-to-silver distance on the emission of cyanine-dye-labeled oligonucleotides,” Anal. Biochem. 315, 57-66 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Lakowicz, J. Kuśba, Y. Shen, J. Malicka, S. D'Auria, Z. Gryczynski, and I. Gryczynski, “Effects of metallic silver particles on resonance energy transfer between fluorophores bound to DNA,” J. Fluoresc. 13, 69-77 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

J. R. Lakowicz, Y. Shen, S. D'Auria, J. Malicka, J. Fang, Z. Gryczynski, and I. Gryczynski, “Radiative decay engineering: 2. Effect of silver island films on fluorescence intensity, lifetime, and resonance energy transfer,” Anal. Biochem. 301, 261-277 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

J. R. Lakowicz, “Radiative decay engineering: biophysical and biomededical applications,” Anal. Biochem. 298, 1-24 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

1997

1994

1985

Aroca, R.

Aslan, K.

J. R. Lakowicz, C. D. Geddes, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, Z. Gryczynski, K. Aslan, J. Lukomska, E. Matveeva, J. Zhang, R. Badugu, and J. Huang, “Advances in surface-enhanced fluorescence,” J. Fluoresc. 14, 425-441 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Badugu, R.

J. R. Lakowicz, C. D. Geddes, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, Z. Gryczynski, K. Aslan, J. Lukomska, E. Matveeva, J. Zhang, R. Badugu, and J. Huang, “Advances in surface-enhanced fluorescence,” J. Fluoresc. 14, 425-441 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bakker, R. M.

R. M. Bakker, H.-K. Yuan, Z. Liu, V. P. Drachev, A. V. Kildishev, V. M. Shalaev, R. H. Pedersen, S. Gresillon, and A. Boltasseva, “Enhanced localized fluorescence in plasmonic nanoantennae,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Barnett, A.

E. G. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, A. Barnett, Z. Leonenko, J. R. Lakowicz, and Z. Gryczynski, “Metal particle-enhanced fluorescent immunoassay on metal mirrors,” Anal. Biochem. 363, 239-245 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boltasseva, A.

R. M. Bakker, H.-K. Yuan, Z. Liu, V. P. Drachev, A. V. Kildishev, V. M. Shalaev, R. H. Pedersen, S. Gresillon, and A. Boltasseva, “Enhanced localized fluorescence in plasmonic nanoantennae,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D'Auria, S.

J. R. Lakowicz, J. Kuśba, Y. Shen, J. Malicka, S. D'Auria, Z. Gryczynski, and I. Gryczynski, “Effects of metallic silver particles on resonance energy transfer between fluorophores bound to DNA,” J. Fluoresc. 13, 69-77 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Lakowicz, Y. Shen, S. D'Auria, J. Malicka, J. Fang, Z. Gryczynski, and I. Gryczynski, “Radiative decay engineering: 2. Effect of silver island films on fluorescence intensity, lifetime, and resonance energy transfer,” Anal. Biochem. 301, 261-277 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Desaja-Gonzalez, J.

Drachev, V. P.

R. M. Bakker, H.-K. Yuan, Z. Liu, V. P. Drachev, A. V. Kildishev, V. M. Shalaev, R. H. Pedersen, S. Gresillon, and A. Boltasseva, “Enhanced localized fluorescence in plasmonic nanoantennae,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Drexhage, K. H.

K. H. Drexhage, “Interaction of light with monomolecular dye layers,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, 1974), Vol. 12, pp. 163-232.
[CrossRef]

Fang, J.

J. R. Lakowicz, Y. Shen, S. D'Auria, J. Malicka, J. Fang, Z. Gryczynski, and I. Gryczynski, “Radiative decay engineering: 2. Effect of silver island films on fluorescence intensity, lifetime, and resonance energy transfer,” Anal. Biochem. 301, 261-277 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fu, Y.

Y. Fu and J. R. Lakowicz, “Enhanced fluorescence of Cy5-labeled DNA tethered to silver island films: fluorescence image and time-resolved studies using single-molecule spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem. 78, 6238-6245 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Fu and J. R. Lakowicz, “Enhanced fluorescence of Cy5-labeled oligonucleotides near silver island films: a distance effect study using single molecular spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 22557-22562 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Geddes, C. D.

J. R. Lakowicz, C. D. Geddes, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, Z. Gryczynski, K. Aslan, J. Lukomska, E. Matveeva, J. Zhang, R. Badugu, and J. Huang, “Advances in surface-enhanced fluorescence,” J. Fluoresc. 14, 425-441 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gresillon, S.

R. M. Bakker, H.-K. Yuan, Z. Liu, V. P. Drachev, A. V. Kildishev, V. M. Shalaev, R. H. Pedersen, S. Gresillon, and A. Boltasseva, “Enhanced localized fluorescence in plasmonic nanoantennae,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gryczynski, I.

E. G. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, A. Barnett, Z. Leonenko, J. R. Lakowicz, and Z. Gryczynski, “Metal particle-enhanced fluorescent immunoassay on metal mirrors,” Anal. Biochem. 363, 239-245 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, E. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, Z. Leonenko, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Metal-enhanced fluoroimmunoassay on a silver film by vapor deposition,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 7969-7957(2005).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Lakowicz, C. D. Geddes, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, Z. Gryczynski, K. Aslan, J. Lukomska, E. Matveeva, J. Zhang, R. Badugu, and J. Huang, “Advances in surface-enhanced fluorescence,” J. Fluoresc. 14, 425-441 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Malicka, I. Gryczynski, Z. Gryczynski, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Effect of fluorophore-to-silver distance on the emission of cyanine-dye-labeled oligonucleotides,” Anal. Biochem. 315, 57-66 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Lakowicz, J. Kuśba, Y. Shen, J. Malicka, S. D'Auria, Z. Gryczynski, and I. Gryczynski, “Effects of metallic silver particles on resonance energy transfer between fluorophores bound to DNA,” J. Fluoresc. 13, 69-77 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Lakowicz, Y. Shen, S. D'Auria, J. Malicka, J. Fang, Z. Gryczynski, and I. Gryczynski, “Radiative decay engineering: 2. Effect of silver island films on fluorescence intensity, lifetime, and resonance energy transfer,” Anal. Biochem. 301, 261-277 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gryczynski, Z.

E. G. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, A. Barnett, Z. Leonenko, J. R. Lakowicz, and Z. Gryczynski, “Metal particle-enhanced fluorescent immunoassay on metal mirrors,” Anal. Biochem. 363, 239-245 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. G. Matveeva, Z. Gryczynski, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Myoglobin immunoassay based on metal particle-enhanced fluorescence,” J. Immunol. Methods 302, 26-35 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Lakowicz, C. D. Geddes, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, Z. Gryczynski, K. Aslan, J. Lukomska, E. Matveeva, J. Zhang, R. Badugu, and J. Huang, “Advances in surface-enhanced fluorescence,” J. Fluoresc. 14, 425-441 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Malicka, I. Gryczynski, Z. Gryczynski, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Effect of fluorophore-to-silver distance on the emission of cyanine-dye-labeled oligonucleotides,” Anal. Biochem. 315, 57-66 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Lakowicz, J. Kuśba, Y. Shen, J. Malicka, S. D'Auria, Z. Gryczynski, and I. Gryczynski, “Effects of metallic silver particles on resonance energy transfer between fluorophores bound to DNA,” J. Fluoresc. 13, 69-77 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Lakowicz, Y. Shen, S. D'Auria, J. Malicka, J. Fang, Z. Gryczynski, and I. Gryczynski, “Radiative decay engineering: 2. Effect of silver island films on fluorescence intensity, lifetime, and resonance energy transfer,” Anal. Biochem. 301, 261-277 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hall, D. G.

Hecht, B.

L. Novotny and B. Hecht, Principles of Nano-Optics (Cambridge University Press, 2006), Chap. 10.

Holland, W. R.

Huang, J.

J. R. Lakowicz, C. D. Geddes, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, Z. Gryczynski, K. Aslan, J. Lukomska, E. Matveeva, J. Zhang, R. Badugu, and J. Huang, “Advances in surface-enhanced fluorescence,” J. Fluoresc. 14, 425-441 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kildishev, A. V.

R. M. Bakker, H.-K. Yuan, Z. Liu, V. P. Drachev, A. V. Kildishev, V. M. Shalaev, R. H. Pedersen, S. Gresillon, and A. Boltasseva, “Enhanced localized fluorescence in plasmonic nanoantennae,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

King, O.

Kusba, J.

J. R. Lakowicz, J. Kuśba, Y. Shen, J. Malicka, S. D'Auria, Z. Gryczynski, and I. Gryczynski, “Effects of metallic silver particles on resonance energy transfer between fluorophores bound to DNA,” J. Fluoresc. 13, 69-77 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lakowicz, J. R.

E. G. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, A. Barnett, Z. Leonenko, J. R. Lakowicz, and Z. Gryczynski, “Metal particle-enhanced fluorescent immunoassay on metal mirrors,” Anal. Biochem. 363, 239-245 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. R. Sabanayagam and J. R. Lakowicz, “Increasing the sensitivity of DNA microarrays by metal-enhanced fluorescence using surface-bound silver nanoparticles,” Nucleic Acids Res. 35, e13 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fu and J. R. Lakowicz, “Enhanced fluorescence of Cy5-labeled oligonucleotides near silver island films: a distance effect study using single molecular spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 22557-22562 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Fu and J. R. Lakowicz, “Enhanced fluorescence of Cy5-labeled DNA tethered to silver island films: fluorescence image and time-resolved studies using single-molecule spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem. 78, 6238-6245 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhnag and J. R. Lakowicz, “A model for DNA detection by metal-enhanced fluorescence from immobilized silver nanoparticles on solid substrate,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 2387-2392 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, E. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, Z. Leonenko, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Metal-enhanced fluoroimmunoassay on a silver film by vapor deposition,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 7969-7957(2005).
[CrossRef]

E. G. Matveeva, Z. Gryczynski, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Myoglobin immunoassay based on metal particle-enhanced fluorescence,” J. Immunol. Methods 302, 26-35 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Lakowicz, C. D. Geddes, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, Z. Gryczynski, K. Aslan, J. Lukomska, E. Matveeva, J. Zhang, R. Badugu, and J. Huang, “Advances in surface-enhanced fluorescence,” J. Fluoresc. 14, 425-441 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Malicka, I. Gryczynski, Z. Gryczynski, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Effect of fluorophore-to-silver distance on the emission of cyanine-dye-labeled oligonucleotides,” Anal. Biochem. 315, 57-66 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Lakowicz, J. Kuśba, Y. Shen, J. Malicka, S. D'Auria, Z. Gryczynski, and I. Gryczynski, “Effects of metallic silver particles on resonance energy transfer between fluorophores bound to DNA,” J. Fluoresc. 13, 69-77 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Lakowicz, Y. Shen, S. D'Auria, J. Malicka, J. Fang, Z. Gryczynski, and I. Gryczynski, “Radiative decay engineering: 2. Effect of silver island films on fluorescence intensity, lifetime, and resonance energy transfer,” Anal. Biochem. 301, 261-277 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Lakowicz, “Radiative decay engineering: biophysical and biomededical applications,” Anal. Biochem. 298, 1-24 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leonenko, Z.

E. G. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, A. Barnett, Z. Leonenko, J. R. Lakowicz, and Z. Gryczynski, “Metal particle-enhanced fluorescent immunoassay on metal mirrors,” Anal. Biochem. 363, 239-245 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, E. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, Z. Leonenko, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Metal-enhanced fluoroimmunoassay on a silver film by vapor deposition,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 7969-7957(2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z.

R. M. Bakker, H.-K. Yuan, Z. Liu, V. P. Drachev, A. V. Kildishev, V. M. Shalaev, R. H. Pedersen, S. Gresillon, and A. Boltasseva, “Enhanced localized fluorescence in plasmonic nanoantennae,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lukomska, J.

J. R. Lakowicz, C. D. Geddes, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, Z. Gryczynski, K. Aslan, J. Lukomska, E. Matveeva, J. Zhang, R. Badugu, and J. Huang, “Advances in surface-enhanced fluorescence,” J. Fluoresc. 14, 425-441 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Malicka, J.

J. R. Lakowicz, C. D. Geddes, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, Z. Gryczynski, K. Aslan, J. Lukomska, E. Matveeva, J. Zhang, R. Badugu, and J. Huang, “Advances in surface-enhanced fluorescence,” J. Fluoresc. 14, 425-441 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Malicka, I. Gryczynski, Z. Gryczynski, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Effect of fluorophore-to-silver distance on the emission of cyanine-dye-labeled oligonucleotides,” Anal. Biochem. 315, 57-66 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Lakowicz, J. Kuśba, Y. Shen, J. Malicka, S. D'Auria, Z. Gryczynski, and I. Gryczynski, “Effects of metallic silver particles on resonance energy transfer between fluorophores bound to DNA,” J. Fluoresc. 13, 69-77 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Lakowicz, Y. Shen, S. D'Auria, J. Malicka, J. Fang, Z. Gryczynski, and I. Gryczynski, “Radiative decay engineering: 2. Effect of silver island films on fluorescence intensity, lifetime, and resonance energy transfer,” Anal. Biochem. 301, 261-277 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matveeva, E.

J. Zhang, E. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, Z. Leonenko, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Metal-enhanced fluoroimmunoassay on a silver film by vapor deposition,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 7969-7957(2005).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Lakowicz, C. D. Geddes, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, Z. Gryczynski, K. Aslan, J. Lukomska, E. Matveeva, J. Zhang, R. Badugu, and J. Huang, “Advances in surface-enhanced fluorescence,” J. Fluoresc. 14, 425-441 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matveeva, E. G.

E. G. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, A. Barnett, Z. Leonenko, J. R. Lakowicz, and Z. Gryczynski, “Metal particle-enhanced fluorescent immunoassay on metal mirrors,” Anal. Biochem. 363, 239-245 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. G. Matveeva, Z. Gryczynski, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Myoglobin immunoassay based on metal particle-enhanced fluorescence,” J. Immunol. Methods 302, 26-35 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Novotny, L.

L. Novotny and B. Hecht, Principles of Nano-Optics (Cambridge University Press, 2006), Chap. 10.

Pedersen, R. H.

R. M. Bakker, H.-K. Yuan, Z. Liu, V. P. Drachev, A. V. Kildishev, V. M. Shalaev, R. H. Pedersen, S. Gresillon, and A. Boltasseva, “Enhanced localized fluorescence in plasmonic nanoantennae,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez-Llorente, S.

Sabanayagam, C. R.

C. R. Sabanayagam and J. R. Lakowicz, “Increasing the sensitivity of DNA microarrays by metal-enhanced fluorescence using surface-bound silver nanoparticles,” Nucleic Acids Res. 35, e13 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shalaev, V. M.

R. M. Bakker, H.-K. Yuan, Z. Liu, V. P. Drachev, A. V. Kildishev, V. M. Shalaev, R. H. Pedersen, S. Gresillon, and A. Boltasseva, “Enhanced localized fluorescence in plasmonic nanoantennae,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y.

J. R. Lakowicz, J. Kuśba, Y. Shen, J. Malicka, S. D'Auria, Z. Gryczynski, and I. Gryczynski, “Effects of metallic silver particles on resonance energy transfer between fluorophores bound to DNA,” J. Fluoresc. 13, 69-77 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Lakowicz, Y. Shen, S. D'Auria, J. Malicka, J. Fang, Z. Gryczynski, and I. Gryczynski, “Radiative decay engineering: 2. Effect of silver island films on fluorescence intensity, lifetime, and resonance energy transfer,” Anal. Biochem. 301, 261-277 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sigg, C.

Sullivan, K. G.

Tarcha, P. J.

Yuan, H.-K.

R. M. Bakker, H.-K. Yuan, Z. Liu, V. P. Drachev, A. V. Kildishev, V. M. Shalaev, R. H. Pedersen, S. Gresillon, and A. Boltasseva, “Enhanced localized fluorescence in plasmonic nanoantennae,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, E. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, Z. Leonenko, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Metal-enhanced fluoroimmunoassay on a silver film by vapor deposition,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 7969-7957(2005).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Lakowicz, C. D. Geddes, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, Z. Gryczynski, K. Aslan, J. Lukomska, E. Matveeva, J. Zhang, R. Badugu, and J. Huang, “Advances in surface-enhanced fluorescence,” J. Fluoresc. 14, 425-441 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhnag, J.

J. Zhnag and J. R. Lakowicz, “A model for DNA detection by metal-enhanced fluorescence from immobilized silver nanoparticles on solid substrate,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 2387-2392 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Biochem.

J. Malicka, I. Gryczynski, Z. Gryczynski, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Effect of fluorophore-to-silver distance on the emission of cyanine-dye-labeled oligonucleotides,” Anal. Biochem. 315, 57-66 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Lakowicz, “Radiative decay engineering: biophysical and biomededical applications,” Anal. Biochem. 298, 1-24 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Lakowicz, Y. Shen, S. D'Auria, J. Malicka, J. Fang, Z. Gryczynski, and I. Gryczynski, “Radiative decay engineering: 2. Effect of silver island films on fluorescence intensity, lifetime, and resonance energy transfer,” Anal. Biochem. 301, 261-277 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. G. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, A. Barnett, Z. Leonenko, J. R. Lakowicz, and Z. Gryczynski, “Metal particle-enhanced fluorescent immunoassay on metal mirrors,” Anal. Biochem. 363, 239-245 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anal. Chem.

Y. Fu and J. R. Lakowicz, “Enhanced fluorescence of Cy5-labeled DNA tethered to silver island films: fluorescence image and time-resolved studies using single-molecule spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem. 78, 6238-6245 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

R. M. Bakker, H.-K. Yuan, Z. Liu, V. P. Drachev, A. V. Kildishev, V. M. Shalaev, R. H. Pedersen, S. Gresillon, and A. Boltasseva, “Enhanced localized fluorescence in plasmonic nanoantennae,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Spectrosc.

J. Fluoresc.

J. R. Lakowicz, J. Kuśba, Y. Shen, J. Malicka, S. D'Auria, Z. Gryczynski, and I. Gryczynski, “Effects of metallic silver particles on resonance energy transfer between fluorophores bound to DNA,” J. Fluoresc. 13, 69-77 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Lakowicz, C. D. Geddes, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, Z. Gryczynski, K. Aslan, J. Lukomska, E. Matveeva, J. Zhang, R. Badugu, and J. Huang, “Advances in surface-enhanced fluorescence,” J. Fluoresc. 14, 425-441 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Immunol. Methods

E. G. Matveeva, Z. Gryczynski, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Myoglobin immunoassay based on metal particle-enhanced fluorescence,” J. Immunol. Methods 302, 26-35 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Phys. Chem. B

J. Zhang, E. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, Z. Leonenko, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Metal-enhanced fluoroimmunoassay on a silver film by vapor deposition,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 7969-7957(2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhnag and J. R. Lakowicz, “A model for DNA detection by metal-enhanced fluorescence from immobilized silver nanoparticles on solid substrate,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 2387-2392 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fu and J. R. Lakowicz, “Enhanced fluorescence of Cy5-labeled oligonucleotides near silver island films: a distance effect study using single molecular spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 22557-22562 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nucleic Acids Res.

C. R. Sabanayagam and J. R. Lakowicz, “Increasing the sensitivity of DNA microarrays by metal-enhanced fluorescence using surface-bound silver nanoparticles,” Nucleic Acids Res. 35, e13 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

K. H. Drexhage, “Interaction of light with monomolecular dye layers,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, 1974), Vol. 12, pp. 163-232.
[CrossRef]

L. Novotny and B. Hecht, Principles of Nano-Optics (Cambridge University Press, 2006), Chap. 10.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Scheme of the multilayered substrate. (b) Instrument for detection of the fluorescence.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Fluorescence enhancement as functions of Al 2 O 3 thickness obtained with unpolarized excitation light. Error bars indicate standard deviation ( n = 5 ). The solid curves are drawn for guides.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Fluorescence enhancement as a function of Al 2 O 3 thickness obtained by polarized excitation light: (a)  20 ° , (b)  60 ° , and (c)  75 ° of incident angle ϕ. Error bars indicate standard deviation ( n = 5 ). The solid curves are drawn for guides.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Schematic representations of E x , E y (electric fields oscillating parallel to the substrate) and E z (electric field oscillating perpendicular to the substrate).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Fluorescence intensity as a function of Rhodamine B concentration. We used 80 nm of Al 2 O 3 for the multilayered substrate. The error bars indicate standard deviation ( n = 8 ).

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