Abstract

When a digital hologram is reconstructed, only points located at the reconstruction distance are in focus. We have developed a novel technique for creating an in-focus image of the macroscopic objects encoded in a digital hologram. This extended focused image is created by combining numerical reconstructions with depth information extracted by using our depth-from-focus algorithm. To our knowledge, this is the first technique that creates extended focused images of digital holograms encoding macroscopic objects. We present results for digital holograms containing low- and high-contrast macroscopic objects.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2007 (4)

2006 (7)

2005 (4)

2004 (8)

M. Gustafsson and M. Sebesta, “Refractometry of microscopic objects with digital holography,” Appl. Opt. 43, 4796-4801(2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Kim and B. Javidi, “Distortion-tolerant 3-D object recognition by using single exposure on-axis digital holography,” Opt. Express 12, 5539-5548 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Bertaux, Y. Frauel, P. Réfrégier, and B. Javidi, “Speckle removal using a maximum-likelihood technique with isoline gray-level regularization,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 2283-2291(2004).

M. Liebling and M. Unser, “Autofocus for digital Fresnel holograms by use of a Fresnelet-sparsity criterion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 2424-2430 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. P. McElhinney, A. E. Shortt, T. J. Naughton, and B. Javidi, “Blockwise discrete Fourier transform analysis of digital hologram data of three-dimensional objects,” Proc. SPIE 5557, 62-69 (2004).

T.-C. Poon, “Recent progress in optical scanning holography,” J. Hologr. Speckle 1, 6-25 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Ma, H. Wang, Y. Li, and H. Jin, “Numerical reconstruction of digital holograms for three-dimensional shape measurement,” J. Opt. A 6, 396-400 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Malkiel, J. N. Abras and J. Katz, “Automated scanning and measurements of particle distributions within a holographic reconstructed volume,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 601-612(2004).

2003 (2)

2002 (1)

2001 (2)

2000 (4)

1999 (3)

1998 (1)

1997 (2)

1993 (1)

M. Subbarao, T. Choi, and A. Nikzad,, “Focusing techniques,” Opt. Eng. 32, 2824-2836 (1993).

1989 (1)

J. Gillespie and R. King, “The use of self-entropy as a focus measure in digital holography,” Pattern Recogn. Lett. 9, 19-25(1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

L. Onural and P. D. Scott, “Digital decoding of in-line holograms,” Opt. Eng. . 26, 1124-1132 (1987).

1983 (1)

1974 (1)

Abras, J. N.

E. Malkiel, J. N. Abras and J. Katz, “Automated scanning and measurements of particle distributions within a holographic reconstructed volume,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 601-612(2004).

Alfieri, D.

Asundi, A.

L. Xu, J. Miao, and A. Asundi, “Properties of digital holography based on in-line configuration,” Opt. Eng. 39, 3214-3219(2000).

Bertaux, N.

Brangaccio, D. J.

Bruning, J. H.

Burns, N.

N. Burns and J. Watson, “Data extraction from underwater holograms of marine organisms,” in OCEANS 2007--Europe (IEEE, 2007), pp. 1-6.

Callens, N.

Carapezza, E.

Castro, A.

Caulfield, H. J.

H. J. Caulfield, Handbook of Optical Holography (Academic, 1979).

Choi, T.

M. Subbarao, T. Choi, and A. Nikzad,, “Focusing techniques,” Opt. Eng. 32, 2824-2836 (1993).

Coppola, G.

Cuche, E.

Danesh Panah, M.

Daneshpanah, M.

Darakis, E.

Depeursinge, C.

Dubois, F.

Ferraro, P.

Fienup, J. R.

Finizio, A.

Frauel, Y.

Frey, S.

Froning, P.

G. Pedrini, P. Froning, H. Tiziani, and F. Santoyo, “Shape measurement of microscopic structures using digital holograms,” Opt. Commun. 164, 257-268 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gallagher, J. E.

Gillespie, J.

J. Gillespie and R. King, “The use of self-entropy as a focus measure in digital holography,” Pattern Recogn. Lett. 9, 19-25(1989).
[CrossRef]

Goodman, J.

J. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (Roberts and Company, 2005).

Grilli, S.

Gustafsson, M.

Hennelly, B. H.

Hering, P.

Herriott, D. R.

Hirsch, S.

Indebetouw, G.

Javidi, B.

J. Maycock, B. H. Hennelly, J. B. McDonald, T. J. Naughton, Y. Frauel, A. Castro, and B. Javidi, “Reduction of speckle in digital holography by discrete Fourier filtering.” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24, 1617-1622 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. P. McElhinney, J. B. McDonald, A. Castro, Y. Frauel, B. Javidi, and T. J. Naughton, “Depth-independent segmentation of three-dimensional objects encoded in single perspectives of digital holograms,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1229-1231 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Javidi, S. Yeom, I. Moon, and M. Daneshpanah, “Real-time automated 3D sensing, detection and recognition of dynamic biological micro-organic events,” Opt. Express 14, 3806-3829(2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Danesh Panah and B. Javidi, “Segmentation of 3D holographic images using bivariate jointly distributed region snake,” Opt. Express 14, 5143-5153 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Shortt, T. J. Naughton, and B. Javidi, “Compression of digital holograms of three-dimensional objects using wavelets,” Opt. Express 14, 2625-2630 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Maycock, C. P. McElhinney, B. H. Hennelly, T. J. Naughton, J. B. McDonald, and B. Javidi, “Reconstruction of partially occluded objects encoded in three-dimensional scenes by using digital holograms.” Appl. Opt. 45, 2975-2985 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Frauel, T. J. Naughton, O. Matoba, E. Tajahuerce, and B. Javidi “Three-dimensional imaging and processing using computational holographic imaging,” Proc. IEEE 94, 636-653 (2006) p. 636.

B. Javidi and D. Kim, “Three-dimensional-object recognition by use of single-exposure on-axis digital holography,” Opt. Lett. 30, 236-238 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Javidi, I. Moon, S. Yeom, and E. Carapezza, “Three-dimensional imaging and recognition of microorganism using single-exposure on-line (SEOL) digital holography,” Opt. Express 13, 4492-4506 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Ferraro, S. Grilli, D. Alfieri, S. D. Nicola, A. Finizio, G. Pierattini, B. Javidi, G. Coppola, and V. Striano, “Extended focused image in microscopy by digital holography,” Opt. Express 13, 6738-6749 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Kim and B. Javidi, “Distortion-tolerant 3-D object recognition by using single exposure on-axis digital holography,” Opt. Express 12, 5539-5548 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. P. McElhinney, A. E. Shortt, T. J. Naughton, and B. Javidi, “Blockwise discrete Fourier transform analysis of digital hologram data of three-dimensional objects,” Proc. SPIE 5557, 62-69 (2004).

N. Bertaux, Y. Frauel, P. Réfrégier, and B. Javidi, “Speckle removal using a maximum-likelihood technique with isoline gray-level regularization,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 2283-2291(2004).

T. J. Naughton, Y. Frauel, B. Javidi, and E. Tajahuerce, “Compression of digital holograms for three-dimensional object reconstruction and recognition,” Appl. Opt. 41, 4124-4132(2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Frauel and B. Javidi, “Neural network for three-dimensional object recognition based on digital holography,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1478-1480 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. Javidi and E. Tajahuerce, “Three-dimensional object recognition by use of digital holography,” Opt. Lett. 25, 610-612(2000).
[CrossRef]

Jin, H.

L. Ma, H. Wang, Y. Li, and H. Jin, “Numerical reconstruction of digital holograms for three-dimensional shape measurement,” J. Opt. A 6, 396-400 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jueptner, W.

U. Schnars and W. Jueptner, Digital Holography: Digital Hologram Recording, Numerical Reconstruction, and Related Techniques (Springer, 2004).

Katz, J.

E. Malkiel, J. N. Abras and J. Katz, “Automated scanning and measurements of particle distributions within a holographic reconstructed volume,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 601-612(2004).

Kawai, H.

Kim, D.

Kim, M.

Kim, T.

King, R.

J. Gillespie and R. King, “The use of self-entropy as a focus measure in digital holography,” Pattern Recogn. Lett. 9, 19-25(1989).
[CrossRef]

Korpel, A.

Kreis, T.

T. Kreis, Handbook of Holographic Interferometry (Wiley-Vch, 2005).

Li, Y.

L. Ma, H. Wang, Y. Li, and H. Jin, “Numerical reconstruction of digital holograms for three-dimensional shape measurement,” J. Opt. A 6, 396-400 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liebling, M.

Lo, C.

Ma, L.

L. Ma, H. Wang, Y. Li, and H. Jin, “Numerical reconstruction of digital holograms for three-dimensional shape measurement,” J. Opt. A 6, 396-400 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Malkiel, E.

E. Malkiel, J. N. Abras and J. Katz, “Automated scanning and measurements of particle distributions within a holographic reconstructed volume,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 601-612(2004).

Mann, C.

Marquet, P.

Matoba, O.

Y. Frauel, T. J. Naughton, O. Matoba, E. Tajahuerce, and B. Javidi “Three-dimensional imaging and processing using computational holographic imaging,” Proc. IEEE 94, 636-653 (2006) p. 636.

Maycock, J.

McDonald, J. B.

McElhinney, C. P.

C. P. McElhinney, J. B. McDonald, A. Castro, Y. Frauel, B. Javidi, and T. J. Naughton, “Depth-independent segmentation of three-dimensional objects encoded in single perspectives of digital holograms,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1229-1231 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Maycock, C. P. McElhinney, B. H. Hennelly, T. J. Naughton, J. B. McDonald, and B. Javidi, “Reconstruction of partially occluded objects encoded in three-dimensional scenes by using digital holograms.” Appl. Opt. 45, 2975-2985 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. P. McElhinney, A. E. Shortt, T. J. Naughton, and B. Javidi, “Blockwise discrete Fourier transform analysis of digital hologram data of three-dimensional objects,” Proc. SPIE 5557, 62-69 (2004).

C. P. McElhinney, B. H. Hennelly, J. B. McDonald, and T. J. Naughton are preparing a manuscript to be titled “Multiple object segmentation in macroscopic three-dimensional scenes from a single perspective using digital holography.”

Merzlyakov, N. S.

L. P. Yaroslavskii and N. S. Merzlyakov, Methods of Digital Holography, D. Parsons, trans. (Consultants Bureau, 1980).

Miao, J.

L. Xu, X. Peng, J. Miao, and A. Asundi, “Studies of digital microscopic holography with applications to microstructure testing,” Appl. Opt. 40, 5046-5051 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Xu, J. Miao, and A. Asundi, “Properties of digital holography based on in-line configuration,” Opt. Eng. 39, 3214-3219(2000).

Mills, G. A.

Moon, I.

Naughton, T. J.

J. Maycock, B. H. Hennelly, J. B. McDonald, T. J. Naughton, Y. Frauel, A. Castro, and B. Javidi, “Reduction of speckle in digital holography by discrete Fourier filtering.” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24, 1617-1622 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. P. McElhinney, J. B. McDonald, A. Castro, Y. Frauel, B. Javidi, and T. J. Naughton, “Depth-independent segmentation of three-dimensional objects encoded in single perspectives of digital holograms,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1229-1231 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Shortt, T. J. Naughton, and B. Javidi, “Compression of digital holograms of three-dimensional objects using wavelets,” Opt. Express 14, 2625-2630 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Maycock, C. P. McElhinney, B. H. Hennelly, T. J. Naughton, J. B. McDonald, and B. Javidi, “Reconstruction of partially occluded objects encoded in three-dimensional scenes by using digital holograms.” Appl. Opt. 45, 2975-2985 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Frauel, T. J. Naughton, O. Matoba, E. Tajahuerce, and B. Javidi “Three-dimensional imaging and processing using computational holographic imaging,” Proc. IEEE 94, 636-653 (2006) p. 636.

C. P. McElhinney, A. E. Shortt, T. J. Naughton, and B. Javidi, “Blockwise discrete Fourier transform analysis of digital hologram data of three-dimensional objects,” Proc. SPIE 5557, 62-69 (2004).

T. J. Naughton, J. B. McDonald, and B. Javidi, “Efficient compression of Fresnel fields for Internet transmission of three-dimensional images,” Appl. Opt. 42, 4758-4764 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Naughton, Y. Frauel, B. Javidi, and E. Tajahuerce, “Compression of digital holograms for three-dimensional object reconstruction and recognition,” Appl. Opt. 41, 4124-4132(2002).
[CrossRef]

C. P. McElhinney, B. H. Hennelly, J. B. McDonald, and T. J. Naughton are preparing a manuscript to be titled “Multiple object segmentation in macroscopic three-dimensional scenes from a single perspective using digital holography.”

Nicola, S.

Nicola, S. D.

Nikzad, A.

M. Subbarao, T. Choi, and A. Nikzad,, “Focusing techniques,” Opt. Eng. 32, 2824-2836 (1993).

Ohzu, H.

Onural, L.

L. Onural and P. D. Scott, “Digital decoding of in-line holograms,” Opt. Eng. . 26, 1124-1132 (1987).

Pedrini, G.

G. Pedrini, P. Froning, H. Tiziani, and F. Santoyo, “Shape measurement of microscopic structures using digital holograms,” Opt. Commun. 164, 257-268 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Peirattini, G.

Peng, X.

Pieper, R. J.

Pierattini, G.

Poon, T.-C.

Réfrégier, P.

Rosenfeld, D. P.

Santoyo, F.

G. Pedrini, P. Froning, H. Tiziani, and F. Santoyo, “Shape measurement of microscopic structures using digital holograms,” Opt. Commun. 164, 257-268 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schilling, B. W.

Schnars, U.

U. Schnars and W. Jueptner, Digital Holography: Digital Hologram Recording, Numerical Reconstruction, and Related Techniques (Springer, 2004).

Schockaert, C.

Scott, P. D.

L. Onural and P. D. Scott, “Digital decoding of in-line holograms,” Opt. Eng. . 26, 1124-1132 (1987).

Sebesta, M.

Shinoda, K.

Shortt, A. E.

A. E. Shortt, T. J. Naughton, and B. Javidi, “Compression of digital holograms of three-dimensional objects using wavelets,” Opt. Express 14, 2625-2630 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. P. McElhinney, A. E. Shortt, T. J. Naughton, and B. Javidi, “Blockwise discrete Fourier transform analysis of digital hologram data of three-dimensional objects,” Proc. SPIE 5557, 62-69 (2004).

Soraghan, J. J.

Striano, V.

Subbarao, M.

M. Subbarao, T. Choi, and A. Nikzad,, “Focusing techniques,” Opt. Eng. 32, 2824-2836 (1993).

Suzuki, Y.

Tajahuerce, E.

Takari, Y.

Thelen, A.

Tiziani, H.

G. Pedrini, P. Froning, H. Tiziani, and F. Santoyo, “Shape measurement of microscopic structures using digital holograms,” Opt. Commun. 164, 257-268 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Unser, M.

Wang, H.

L. Ma, H. Wang, Y. Li, and H. Jin, “Numerical reconstruction of digital holograms for three-dimensional shape measurement,” J. Opt. A 6, 396-400 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Watson, J.

N. Burns and J. Watson, “Data extraction from underwater holograms of marine organisms,” in OCEANS 2007--Europe (IEEE, 2007), pp. 1-6.

White, A. D.

Wu, M. H.

Xu, L.

L. Xu, X. Peng, J. Miao, and A. Asundi, “Studies of digital microscopic holography with applications to microstructure testing,” Appl. Opt. 40, 5046-5051 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Xu, J. Miao, and A. Asundi, “Properties of digital holography based on in-line configuration,” Opt. Eng. 39, 3214-3219(2000).

Yamaguchi, I.

Yamamoto, K.

Yaroslavskii, L. P.

L. P. Yaroslavskii and N. S. Merzlyakov, Methods of Digital Holography, D. Parsons, trans. (Consultants Bureau, 1980).

Yeom, S.

Yokota, M.

Yourassowsky, C.

Yu, L.

Zhang, T.

Appl. Opt. (14)

J. H. Bruning, D. R. Herriott, J. E. Gallagher, D. P. Rosenfeld, A. D. White, and D. J. Brangaccio, “Digital wavefront measuring interferometer for testing optical surfaces and lenses,” Appl. Opt. 13, 2693-2703 (1974).

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E. Cuche, P. Marquet, and C. Depeursinge, “Simultaneous amplitude-contrast and quantitative phase-contrast microscopy by numerical reconstruction of Fresnel off-axis holograms,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6994-7001 (1999).

E. Cuche, P. Marquet, and C. Depeursinge, “Spatial filtering for zero-order and twin-image elimination in digital off-axis holography,” Appl. Opt. 39, 4070-4075 (2000).

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T. J. Naughton, Y. Frauel, B. Javidi, and E. Tajahuerce, “Compression of digital holograms for three-dimensional object reconstruction and recognition,” Appl. Opt. 41, 4124-4132(2002).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Naughton, J. B. McDonald, and B. Javidi, “Efficient compression of Fresnel fields for Internet transmission of three-dimensional images,” Appl. Opt. 42, 4758-4764 (2003).
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M. Gustafsson and M. Sebesta, “Refractometry of microscopic objects with digital holography,” Appl. Opt. 43, 4796-4801(2004).
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I. Yamaguchi, K. Yamamoto, G. A. Mills, and M. Yokota, “Image reconstruction only by phase data in phase-shifting digital holography,” Appl. Opt. 45, 975-983 (2006).
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J. Maycock, C. P. McElhinney, B. H. Hennelly, T. J. Naughton, J. B. McDonald, and B. Javidi, “Reconstruction of partially occluded objects encoded in three-dimensional scenes by using digital holograms.” Appl. Opt. 45, 2975-2985 (2006).
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E. Darakis and J. J. Soraghan, “Reconstruction domain compression of phase-shifting digital holograms,” Appl. Opt. 46, 351-356 (2007).
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T.-C. Poon, “Recent progress in optical scanning holography,” J. Hologr. Speckle 1, 6-25 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A (1)

L. Ma, H. Wang, Y. Li, and H. Jin, “Numerical reconstruction of digital holograms for three-dimensional shape measurement,” J. Opt. A 6, 396-400 (2004).
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E. Malkiel, J. N. Abras and J. Katz, “Automated scanning and measurements of particle distributions within a holographic reconstructed volume,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 601-612(2004).

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Opt. Express (8)

D. Kim and B. Javidi, “Distortion-tolerant 3-D object recognition by using single exposure on-axis digital holography,” Opt. Express 12, 5539-5548 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Javidi, S. Yeom, I. Moon, and M. Daneshpanah, “Real-time automated 3D sensing, detection and recognition of dynamic biological micro-organic events,” Opt. Express 14, 3806-3829(2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Danesh Panah and B. Javidi, “Segmentation of 3D holographic images using bivariate jointly distributed region snake,” Opt. Express 14, 5143-5153 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Dubois, C. Schockaert, N. Callens, and C. Yourassowsky, “Focus plane detection criteria in digital holography microscopy,” Opt. Express 14, 5895-5908 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Shortt, T. J. Naughton, and B. Javidi, “Compression of digital holograms of three-dimensional objects using wavelets,” Opt. Express 14, 2625-2630 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Javidi, I. Moon, S. Yeom, and E. Carapezza, “Three-dimensional imaging and recognition of microorganism using single-exposure on-line (SEOL) digital holography,” Opt. Express 13, 4492-4506 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Ferraro, S. Grilli, D. Alfieri, S. D. Nicola, A. Finizio, G. Pierattini, B. Javidi, G. Coppola, and V. Striano, “Extended focused image in microscopy by digital holography,” Opt. Express 13, 6738-6749 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Mann, L. Yu, C. Lo, and M. Kim, “High-resolution quantitative phase-contrast microscopy by digital holography,” Opt. Express 13, 8693-8698 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (8)

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[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE (1)

Y. Frauel, T. J. Naughton, O. Matoba, E. Tajahuerce, and B. Javidi “Three-dimensional imaging and processing using computational holographic imaging,” Proc. IEEE 94, 636-653 (2006) p. 636.

Proc. SPIE (1)

C. P. McElhinney, A. E. Shortt, T. J. Naughton, and B. Javidi, “Blockwise discrete Fourier transform analysis of digital hologram data of three-dimensional objects,” Proc. SPIE 5557, 62-69 (2004).

Other (7)

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N. Burns and J. Watson, “Data extraction from underwater holograms of marine organisms,” in OCEANS 2007--Europe (IEEE, 2007), pp. 1-6.

C. P. McElhinney, B. H. Hennelly, J. B. McDonald, and T. J. Naughton are preparing a manuscript to be titled “Multiple object segmentation in macroscopic three-dimensional scenes from a single perspective using digital holography.”

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U. Schnars and W. Jueptner, Digital Holography: Digital Hologram Recording, Numerical Reconstruction, and Related Techniques (Springer, 2004).

J. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (Roberts and Company, 2005).

H. J. Caulfield, Handbook of Optical Holography (Academic, 1979).

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