Abstract

By splicing and tapering at the fusion point of one-core single-mode fiber and three- or four-core single-mode fiber, an effective bitapered fiber coupling technique is implemented. Based on the beam propagation method, the bitapered coupling characteristics between the one-core fiber and the multicore single-mode fiber are simulated and analyzed. The theoretical prediction is confirmed by the experimental results, and the difference between the simulation and the experimental results is also discussed.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  3. R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. S. J. Russell, “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  21. G. M. H. Flockhart, W. N. MacPherson, J. S. Barton, and J. D. Jones, “Two-axis based measurement with Bragg gratings in multicore optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 28, 387-389 (2003).
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  24. V. J. Tekippe, “Passive fiber optic components made by the fused biconical taper process,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 9, 97-123(1990).
    [CrossRef]
  25. T. A. Birks and Y. W. Li, “The shape of fiber tapers,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 432-438 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  26. C. Youngchul and D. Nadr, “An assessment of finite difference beam propagation method,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1335-1338 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  27. G. Brambilla, F. Koizumi, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, “Compound glass optical nanowires,” Electron. Lett. 41, 400-401 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (1)

L. B. Yuan and X. Wang, “Four-beam single fiber optic interferometer and its sensing characteristics,” Sens. Actuators A, Phys. 138, 9-15 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

G. Brambilla, F. Koizumi, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, “Compound glass optical nanowires,” Electron. Lett. 41, 400-401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. N. MacPherson, M. Silva-Lopez, J. S. Barton, A. J. Moore, J. D. C. Jones, D. Zhao, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, N. Metje, and D. N. Chapman, “Tunnel monitoring using multicore fiber displacement sensor,” in Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (SPIE, 2005), pp. 274-277.

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

G. M. H. Flockhart, W. N. MacPherson, J. S. Barton, and J. D. Jones, “Two-axis based measurement with Bragg gratings in multicore optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 28, 387-389 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. N. MacPherson, J. D. C. Jones, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “Two-core photonic crystal fiber for Doppler difference velocimetry,” Opt. Commun. 223, 375-380(2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

M. Wrage, P. Glas, D. Fischer, M. Leitner, N. N. Elkin, D. V. Vysotsky, A. P. Napartovich, and V. N. Troshchieva, “Phase-locking of a multicore fiber laser by wave propagation through an annular waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 205, 367-375(2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Fokine, L. E. Nilsson, Ã. Claesson, D. Berlemont, L. Kjellberg, L. Krummenacher, and W. Margulis, “Integrated fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer for electro-optic switching,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1643-1645 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

P. Yvernault, D. Mechin, E. Goyat, L. Brilland, and D. Pureur, “Fully functional optical add and drop multiplexer using twin-core fiber based Mach-Zehnder interferometer with photo imprinted fiber Bragg gratings,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Technical Digest Series, 54, WDD92/1-WDD92/3 (IEEE, 2001).

M. Marti-Panameno, L. C. Gomez-Pavon, A. Luis-Ramos, M. M. Mendez-Otero, and M. D. Iturbe Castillo, “Self-mode-locking action in a dual-core ring fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 194, 409-414 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

M. J. Gander, D. Macrae, E. A. C. Galliot, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, P. M. Blanchard, J. G. Burnett, A. H. Greenaway, and M. N. Inci, “Two-axis bend measurement using multicore optical fiber,” Opt. Commun. 182, 115-121 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Peterka, I. Kasik, J. Kanka, P. Honzatko, V. Matejec, and M. Hayer, “Twin-core fiber design and preparation for easy splicing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1656-1658 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. S. J. Russell, “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (3)

B. Ortega and L. Dong, “Characteristics of mismatched twin-core fiber spectral filters,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 991-993 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirrmacher, and T. Pertsch, “The multicore fiber--a novel design for a diode pumped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 151, 187-195 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. S. J. Russell, “Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers,” Science 282, 1476-1549 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

1992 (1)

T. A. Birks and Y. W. Li, “The shape of fiber tapers,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 432-438 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

1990 (2)

C. Youngchul and D. Nadr, “An assessment of finite difference beam propagation method,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1335-1338 (1990).
[CrossRef]

V. J. Tekippe, “Passive fiber optic components made by the fused biconical taper process,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 9, 97-123(1990).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

F. Lui and P. L. Chu, “A twin-core to twin fiber connector,” in Proceedings of the 13th Australian Conference on Optical Fiber Technology (Surfers Paradise, 1987), pp. 185-188.

1984 (1)

J. R. Dunphy, G. Meltz, M. M. EL Leil Abou, and E. Snitzer, “Twin-core fiber-optic sensor for simultaneous temperature and strain measurement,” in Proceedings of the 3rd Conference on Optical Fiber Communications, New Orleans (Optical Society of America, 1984), pp. 58-60.

1978 (1)

S. Inao, T. Sato, H. Hondo, M. Ogai, S. Sentsui, A. Otake, Y. Yosh-izawa, K. Ishihara, and N. Uchida, “High density multicore-fiber cable,” in Proceedings of the 28th International Wire & Cable Symposium (IEEE, 1978), pp. 370-384.

Anne, C.

Arkwright, J. W.

Atkin, D. M.

Barton, J. S.

W. N. MacPherson, M. Silva-Lopez, J. S. Barton, A. J. Moore, J. D. C. Jones, D. Zhao, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, N. Metje, and D. N. Chapman, “Tunnel monitoring using multicore fiber displacement sensor,” in Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (SPIE, 2005), pp. 274-277.

G. M. H. Flockhart, W. N. MacPherson, J. S. Barton, and J. D. Jones, “Two-axis based measurement with Bragg gratings in multicore optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 28, 387-389 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bennion, I.

W. N. MacPherson, M. Silva-Lopez, J. S. Barton, A. J. Moore, J. D. C. Jones, D. Zhao, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, N. Metje, and D. N. Chapman, “Tunnel monitoring using multicore fiber displacement sensor,” in Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (SPIE, 2005), pp. 274-277.

Berlemont, D.

Birks, T. A.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. S. J. Russell, “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. S. J. Russell, “Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers,” Science 282, 1476-1549 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. M. Atkin, “All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1547-1549 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. A. Birks and Y. W. Li, “The shape of fiber tapers,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 432-438 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Blanchard, P. M.

M. J. Gander, D. Macrae, E. A. C. Galliot, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, P. M. Blanchard, J. G. Burnett, A. H. Greenaway, and M. N. Inci, “Two-axis bend measurement using multicore optical fiber,” Opt. Commun. 182, 115-121 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Brambilla, G.

G. Brambilla, F. Koizumi, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, “Compound glass optical nanowires,” Electron. Lett. 41, 400-401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Brilland, L.

P. Yvernault, D. Mechin, E. Goyat, L. Brilland, and D. Pureur, “Fully functional optical add and drop multiplexer using twin-core fiber based Mach-Zehnder interferometer with photo imprinted fiber Bragg gratings,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Technical Digest Series, 54, WDD92/1-WDD92/3 (IEEE, 2001).

Broeng, J.

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. S. J. Russell, “Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers,” Science 282, 1476-1549 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Burnett, J. G.

M. J. Gander, D. Macrae, E. A. C. Galliot, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, P. M. Blanchard, J. G. Burnett, A. H. Greenaway, and M. N. Inci, “Two-axis bend measurement using multicore optical fiber,” Opt. Commun. 182, 115-121 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chapman, D. N.

W. N. MacPherson, M. Silva-Lopez, J. S. Barton, A. J. Moore, J. D. C. Jones, D. Zhao, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, N. Metje, and D. N. Chapman, “Tunnel monitoring using multicore fiber displacement sensor,” in Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (SPIE, 2005), pp. 274-277.

Chu, P. L.

F. Lui and P. L. Chu, “A twin-core to twin fiber connector,” in Proceedings of the 13th Australian Conference on Optical Fiber Technology (Surfers Paradise, 1987), pp. 185-188.

Claesson, Ã.

Cregan, R. F.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. S. J. Russell, “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davey, S. T.

Dong, L.

B. Ortega and L. Dong, “Characteristics of mismatched twin-core fiber spectral filters,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 991-993 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Doran, N. J.

Dunphy, J. R.

J. R. Dunphy, G. Meltz, M. M. EL Leil Abou, and E. Snitzer, “Twin-core fiber-optic sensor for simultaneous temperature and strain measurement,” in Proceedings of the 3rd Conference on Optical Fiber Communications, New Orleans (Optical Society of America, 1984), pp. 58-60.

EL Leil Abou, M. M.

J. R. Dunphy, G. Meltz, M. M. EL Leil Abou, and E. Snitzer, “Twin-core fiber-optic sensor for simultaneous temperature and strain measurement,” in Proceedings of the 3rd Conference on Optical Fiber Communications, New Orleans (Optical Society of America, 1984), pp. 58-60.

Elkin, N. N.

M. Wrage, P. Glas, D. Fischer, M. Leitner, N. N. Elkin, D. V. Vysotsky, A. P. Napartovich, and V. N. Troshchieva, “Phase-locking of a multicore fiber laser by wave propagation through an annular waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 205, 367-375(2002).
[CrossRef]

Feng, X.

G. Brambilla, F. Koizumi, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, “Compound glass optical nanowires,” Electron. Lett. 41, 400-401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Finlayson, N.

Fischer, D.

M. Wrage, P. Glas, D. Fischer, M. Leitner, N. N. Elkin, D. V. Vysotsky, A. P. Napartovich, and V. N. Troshchieva, “Phase-locking of a multicore fiber laser by wave propagation through an annular waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 205, 367-375(2002).
[CrossRef]

Flockhart, G. M. H.

Fokine, M.

Galliot, E. A. C.

M. J. Gander, D. Macrae, E. A. C. Galliot, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, P. M. Blanchard, J. G. Burnett, A. H. Greenaway, and M. N. Inci, “Two-axis bend measurement using multicore optical fiber,” Opt. Commun. 182, 115-121 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gander, M. J.

M. J. Gander, D. Macrae, E. A. C. Galliot, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, P. M. Blanchard, J. G. Burnett, A. H. Greenaway, and M. N. Inci, “Two-axis bend measurement using multicore optical fiber,” Opt. Commun. 182, 115-121 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Glas, P.

M. Wrage, P. Glas, D. Fischer, M. Leitner, N. N. Elkin, D. V. Vysotsky, A. P. Napartovich, and V. N. Troshchieva, “Phase-locking of a multicore fiber laser by wave propagation through an annular waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 205, 367-375(2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirrmacher, and T. Pertsch, “The multicore fiber--a novel design for a diode pumped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 151, 187-195 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gomez-Pavon, L. C.

M. Marti-Panameno, L. C. Gomez-Pavon, A. Luis-Ramos, M. M. Mendez-Otero, and M. D. Iturbe Castillo, “Self-mode-locking action in a dual-core ring fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 194, 409-414 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Goyat, E.

P. Yvernault, D. Mechin, E. Goyat, L. Brilland, and D. Pureur, “Fully functional optical add and drop multiplexer using twin-core fiber based Mach-Zehnder interferometer with photo imprinted fiber Bragg gratings,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Technical Digest Series, 54, WDD92/1-WDD92/3 (IEEE, 2001).

Greenaway, A. H.

M. J. Gander, D. Macrae, E. A. C. Galliot, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, P. M. Blanchard, J. G. Burnett, A. H. Greenaway, and M. N. Inci, “Two-axis bend measurement using multicore optical fiber,” Opt. Commun. 182, 115-121 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hayer, M.

P. Peterka, I. Kasik, J. Kanka, P. Honzatko, V. Matejec, and M. Hayer, “Twin-core fiber design and preparation for easy splicing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1656-1658 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hondo, H.

S. Inao, T. Sato, H. Hondo, M. Ogai, S. Sentsui, A. Otake, Y. Yosh-izawa, K. Ishihara, and N. Uchida, “High density multicore-fiber cable,” in Proceedings of the 28th International Wire & Cable Symposium (IEEE, 1978), pp. 370-384.

Honzatko, P.

P. Peterka, I. Kasik, J. Kanka, P. Honzatko, V. Matejec, and M. Hayer, “Twin-core fiber design and preparation for easy splicing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1656-1658 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Inao, S.

S. Inao, T. Sato, H. Hondo, M. Ogai, S. Sentsui, A. Otake, Y. Yosh-izawa, K. Ishihara, and N. Uchida, “High density multicore-fiber cable,” in Proceedings of the 28th International Wire & Cable Symposium (IEEE, 1978), pp. 370-384.

Inci, M. N.

M. J. Gander, D. Macrae, E. A. C. Galliot, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, P. M. Blanchard, J. G. Burnett, A. H. Greenaway, and M. N. Inci, “Two-axis bend measurement using multicore optical fiber,” Opt. Commun. 182, 115-121 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ishihara, K.

S. Inao, T. Sato, H. Hondo, M. Ogai, S. Sentsui, A. Otake, Y. Yosh-izawa, K. Ishihara, and N. Uchida, “High density multicore-fiber cable,” in Proceedings of the 28th International Wire & Cable Symposium (IEEE, 1978), pp. 370-384.

Iturbe Castillo, M. D.

M. Marti-Panameno, L. C. Gomez-Pavon, A. Luis-Ramos, M. M. Mendez-Otero, and M. D. Iturbe Castillo, “Self-mode-locking action in a dual-core ring fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 194, 409-414 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jacob, P.

Jones, J. D.

Jones, J. D. C.

W. N. MacPherson, M. Silva-Lopez, J. S. Barton, A. J. Moore, J. D. C. Jones, D. Zhao, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, N. Metje, and D. N. Chapman, “Tunnel monitoring using multicore fiber displacement sensor,” in Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (SPIE, 2005), pp. 274-277.

W. N. MacPherson, J. D. C. Jones, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “Two-core photonic crystal fiber for Doppler difference velocimetry,” Opt. Commun. 223, 375-380(2003).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Gander, D. Macrae, E. A. C. Galliot, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, P. M. Blanchard, J. G. Burnett, A. H. Greenaway, and M. N. Inci, “Two-axis bend measurement using multicore optical fiber,” Opt. Commun. 182, 115-121 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kanka, J.

P. Peterka, I. Kasik, J. Kanka, P. Honzatko, V. Matejec, and M. Hayer, “Twin-core fiber design and preparation for easy splicing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1656-1658 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kasik, I.

P. Peterka, I. Kasik, J. Kanka, P. Honzatko, V. Matejec, and M. Hayer, “Twin-core fiber design and preparation for easy splicing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1656-1658 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kjellberg, L.

Knight, J. C.

W. N. MacPherson, J. D. C. Jones, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “Two-core photonic crystal fiber for Doppler difference velocimetry,” Opt. Commun. 223, 375-380(2003).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. S. J. Russell, “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. S. J. Russell, “Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers,” Science 282, 1476-1549 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. M. Atkin, “All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1547-1549 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koizumi, F.

G. Brambilla, F. Koizumi, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, “Compound glass optical nanowires,” Electron. Lett. 41, 400-401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Krummenacher, L.

Leitner, M.

M. Wrage, P. Glas, D. Fischer, M. Leitner, N. N. Elkin, D. V. Vysotsky, A. P. Napartovich, and V. N. Troshchieva, “Phase-locking of a multicore fiber laser by wave propagation through an annular waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 205, 367-375(2002).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y. W.

T. A. Birks and Y. W. Li, “The shape of fiber tapers,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 432-438 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z. H.

Love, J. D.

S. B. Poole and J. D. Love, “Single-core fiber to twin-core fiber connector,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1559-1560 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lui, F.

F. Lui and P. L. Chu, “A twin-core to twin fiber connector,” in Proceedings of the 13th Australian Conference on Optical Fiber Technology (Surfers Paradise, 1987), pp. 185-188.

Luis-Ramos, A.

M. Marti-Panameno, L. C. Gomez-Pavon, A. Luis-Ramos, M. M. Mendez-Otero, and M. D. Iturbe Castillo, “Self-mode-locking action in a dual-core ring fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 194, 409-414 (2001).
[CrossRef]

MacPherson, W. N.

W. N. MacPherson, M. Silva-Lopez, J. S. Barton, A. J. Moore, J. D. C. Jones, D. Zhao, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, N. Metje, and D. N. Chapman, “Tunnel monitoring using multicore fiber displacement sensor,” in Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (SPIE, 2005), pp. 274-277.

W. N. MacPherson, J. D. C. Jones, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “Two-core photonic crystal fiber for Doppler difference velocimetry,” Opt. Commun. 223, 375-380(2003).
[CrossRef]

G. M. H. Flockhart, W. N. MacPherson, J. S. Barton, and J. D. Jones, “Two-axis based measurement with Bragg gratings in multicore optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 28, 387-389 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Macrae, D.

M. J. Gander, D. Macrae, E. A. C. Galliot, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, P. M. Blanchard, J. G. Burnett, A. H. Greenaway, and M. N. Inci, “Two-axis bend measurement using multicore optical fiber,” Opt. Commun. 182, 115-121 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mafi, A.

Mangan, B. J.

W. N. MacPherson, J. D. C. Jones, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “Two-core photonic crystal fiber for Doppler difference velocimetry,” Opt. Commun. 223, 375-380(2003).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. S. J. Russell, “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Margulis, W.

Marti-Panameno, M.

M. Marti-Panameno, L. C. Gomez-Pavon, A. Luis-Ramos, M. M. Mendez-Otero, and M. D. Iturbe Castillo, “Self-mode-locking action in a dual-core ring fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 194, 409-414 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Matejec, V.

P. Peterka, I. Kasik, J. Kanka, P. Honzatko, V. Matejec, and M. Hayer, “Twin-core fiber design and preparation for easy splicing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1656-1658 (2000).
[CrossRef]

McBride, R.

M. J. Gander, D. Macrae, E. A. C. Galliot, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, P. M. Blanchard, J. G. Burnett, A. H. Greenaway, and M. N. Inci, “Two-axis bend measurement using multicore optical fiber,” Opt. Commun. 182, 115-121 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mechin, D.

P. Yvernault, D. Mechin, E. Goyat, L. Brilland, and D. Pureur, “Fully functional optical add and drop multiplexer using twin-core fiber based Mach-Zehnder interferometer with photo imprinted fiber Bragg gratings,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Technical Digest Series, 54, WDD92/1-WDD92/3 (IEEE, 2001).

Meltz, G.

J. R. Dunphy, G. Meltz, M. M. EL Leil Abou, and E. Snitzer, “Twin-core fiber-optic sensor for simultaneous temperature and strain measurement,” in Proceedings of the 3rd Conference on Optical Fiber Communications, New Orleans (Optical Society of America, 1984), pp. 58-60.

Mendez-Otero, M. M.

M. Marti-Panameno, L. C. Gomez-Pavon, A. Luis-Ramos, M. M. Mendez-Otero, and M. D. Iturbe Castillo, “Self-mode-locking action in a dual-core ring fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 194, 409-414 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Metje, N.

W. N. MacPherson, M. Silva-Lopez, J. S. Barton, A. J. Moore, J. D. C. Jones, D. Zhao, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, N. Metje, and D. N. Chapman, “Tunnel monitoring using multicore fiber displacement sensor,” in Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (SPIE, 2005), pp. 274-277.

Moloney, J. V.

Moore, A. J.

W. N. MacPherson, M. Silva-Lopez, J. S. Barton, A. J. Moore, J. D. C. Jones, D. Zhao, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, N. Metje, and D. N. Chapman, “Tunnel monitoring using multicore fiber displacement sensor,” in Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (SPIE, 2005), pp. 274-277.

Nadr, D.

C. Youngchul and D. Nadr, “An assessment of finite difference beam propagation method,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1335-1338 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Napartovich, A. P.

M. Wrage, P. Glas, D. Fischer, M. Leitner, N. N. Elkin, D. V. Vysotsky, A. P. Napartovich, and V. N. Troshchieva, “Phase-locking of a multicore fiber laser by wave propagation through an annular waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 205, 367-375(2002).
[CrossRef]

Naumann, M.

P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirrmacher, and T. Pertsch, “The multicore fiber--a novel design for a diode pumped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 151, 187-195 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nayar, B. K.

Nilsson, L. E.

Ogai, M.

S. Inao, T. Sato, H. Hondo, M. Ogai, S. Sentsui, A. Otake, Y. Yosh-izawa, K. Ishihara, and N. Uchida, “High density multicore-fiber cable,” in Proceedings of the 28th International Wire & Cable Symposium (IEEE, 1978), pp. 370-384.

Ortega, B.

B. Ortega and L. Dong, “Characteristics of mismatched twin-core fiber spectral filters,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 991-993 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Otake, A.

S. Inao, T. Sato, H. Hondo, M. Ogai, S. Sentsui, A. Otake, Y. Yosh-izawa, K. Ishihara, and N. Uchida, “High density multicore-fiber cable,” in Proceedings of the 28th International Wire & Cable Symposium (IEEE, 1978), pp. 370-384.

Pertsch, T.

P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirrmacher, and T. Pertsch, “The multicore fiber--a novel design for a diode pumped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 151, 187-195 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Peterka, P.

P. Peterka, I. Kasik, J. Kanka, P. Honzatko, V. Matejec, and M. Hayer, “Twin-core fiber design and preparation for easy splicing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1656-1658 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Poole, S. B.

S. B. Poole and J. D. Love, “Single-core fiber to twin-core fiber connector,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1559-1560 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Pureur, D.

P. Yvernault, D. Mechin, E. Goyat, L. Brilland, and D. Pureur, “Fully functional optical add and drop multiplexer using twin-core fiber based Mach-Zehnder interferometer with photo imprinted fiber Bragg gratings,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Technical Digest Series, 54, WDD92/1-WDD92/3 (IEEE, 2001).

Richardson, D. J.

G. Brambilla, F. Koizumi, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, “Compound glass optical nanowires,” Electron. Lett. 41, 400-401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. S. J.

W. N. MacPherson, J. D. C. Jones, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “Two-core photonic crystal fiber for Doppler difference velocimetry,” Opt. Commun. 223, 375-380(2003).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. S. J. Russell, “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. S. J. Russell, “Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers,” Science 282, 1476-1549 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russell, P. St. J.

Sato, T.

S. Inao, T. Sato, H. Hondo, M. Ogai, S. Sentsui, A. Otake, Y. Yosh-izawa, K. Ishihara, and N. Uchida, “High density multicore-fiber cable,” in Proceedings of the 28th International Wire & Cable Symposium (IEEE, 1978), pp. 370-384.

Schirrmacher, A.

P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirrmacher, and T. Pertsch, “The multicore fiber--a novel design for a diode pumped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 151, 187-195 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sentsui, S.

S. Inao, T. Sato, H. Hondo, M. Ogai, S. Sentsui, A. Otake, Y. Yosh-izawa, K. Ishihara, and N. Uchida, “High density multicore-fiber cable,” in Proceedings of the 28th International Wire & Cable Symposium (IEEE, 1978), pp. 370-384.

Silva-Lopez, M.

W. N. MacPherson, M. Silva-Lopez, J. S. Barton, A. J. Moore, J. D. C. Jones, D. Zhao, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, N. Metje, and D. N. Chapman, “Tunnel monitoring using multicore fiber displacement sensor,” in Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (SPIE, 2005), pp. 274-277.

Snitzer, E.

J. R. Dunphy, G. Meltz, M. M. EL Leil Abou, and E. Snitzer, “Twin-core fiber-optic sensor for simultaneous temperature and strain measurement,” in Proceedings of the 3rd Conference on Optical Fiber Communications, New Orleans (Optical Society of America, 1984), pp. 58-60.

Tekippe, V. J.

V. J. Tekippe, “Passive fiber optic components made by the fused biconical taper process,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 9, 97-123(1990).
[CrossRef]

Troshchieva, V. N.

M. Wrage, P. Glas, D. Fischer, M. Leitner, N. N. Elkin, D. V. Vysotsky, A. P. Napartovich, and V. N. Troshchieva, “Phase-locking of a multicore fiber laser by wave propagation through an annular waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 205, 367-375(2002).
[CrossRef]

Uchida, N.

S. Inao, T. Sato, H. Hondo, M. Ogai, S. Sentsui, A. Otake, Y. Yosh-izawa, K. Ishihara, and N. Uchida, “High density multicore-fiber cable,” in Proceedings of the 28th International Wire & Cable Symposium (IEEE, 1978), pp. 370-384.

Vallee, R.

Vysotsky, D. V.

M. Wrage, P. Glas, D. Fischer, M. Leitner, N. N. Elkin, D. V. Vysotsky, A. P. Napartovich, and V. N. Troshchieva, “Phase-locking of a multicore fiber laser by wave propagation through an annular waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 205, 367-375(2002).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

L. B. Yuan and X. Wang, “Four-beam single fiber optic interferometer and its sensing characteristics,” Sens. Actuators A, Phys. 138, 9-15 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Williams, D. L.

Wrage, M.

M. Wrage, P. Glas, D. Fischer, M. Leitner, N. N. Elkin, D. V. Vysotsky, A. P. Napartovich, and V. N. Troshchieva, “Phase-locking of a multicore fiber laser by wave propagation through an annular waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 205, 367-375(2002).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.

Yosh-izawa, Y.

S. Inao, T. Sato, H. Hondo, M. Ogai, S. Sentsui, A. Otake, Y. Yosh-izawa, K. Ishihara, and N. Uchida, “High density multicore-fiber cable,” in Proceedings of the 28th International Wire & Cable Symposium (IEEE, 1978), pp. 370-384.

Youngchul, C.

C. Youngchul and D. Nadr, “An assessment of finite difference beam propagation method,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1335-1338 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, L. B.

L. B. Yuan and X. Wang, “Four-beam single fiber optic interferometer and its sensing characteristics,” Sens. Actuators A, Phys. 138, 9-15 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Yuan, Z. H. Liu, and J. Yang, “Coupling characteristics between single-core fiber and multi-core fiber,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3237-3239 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yvernault, P.

P. Yvernault, D. Mechin, E. Goyat, L. Brilland, and D. Pureur, “Fully functional optical add and drop multiplexer using twin-core fiber based Mach-Zehnder interferometer with photo imprinted fiber Bragg gratings,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Technical Digest Series, 54, WDD92/1-WDD92/3 (IEEE, 2001).

Zhang, L.

W. N. MacPherson, M. Silva-Lopez, J. S. Barton, A. J. Moore, J. D. C. Jones, D. Zhao, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, N. Metje, and D. N. Chapman, “Tunnel monitoring using multicore fiber displacement sensor,” in Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (SPIE, 2005), pp. 274-277.

Zhao, D.

W. N. MacPherson, M. Silva-Lopez, J. S. Barton, A. J. Moore, J. D. C. Jones, D. Zhao, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, N. Metje, and D. N. Chapman, “Tunnel monitoring using multicore fiber displacement sensor,” in Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (SPIE, 2005), pp. 274-277.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (2)

S. B. Poole and J. D. Love, “Single-core fiber to twin-core fiber connector,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1559-1560 (1991).
[CrossRef]

G. Brambilla, F. Koizumi, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, “Compound glass optical nanowires,” Electron. Lett. 41, 400-401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fiber Integr. Opt. (1)

V. J. Tekippe, “Passive fiber optic components made by the fused biconical taper process,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 9, 97-123(1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

T. A. Birks and Y. W. Li, “The shape of fiber tapers,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 432-438 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. Youngchul and D. Nadr, “An assessment of finite difference beam propagation method,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1335-1338 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

B. Ortega and L. Dong, “Characteristics of mismatched twin-core fiber spectral filters,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 991-993 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. Peterka, I. Kasik, J. Kanka, P. Honzatko, V. Matejec, and M. Hayer, “Twin-core fiber design and preparation for easy splicing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1656-1658 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (5)

M. Marti-Panameno, L. C. Gomez-Pavon, A. Luis-Ramos, M. M. Mendez-Otero, and M. D. Iturbe Castillo, “Self-mode-locking action in a dual-core ring fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 194, 409-414 (2001).
[CrossRef]

W. N. MacPherson, J. D. C. Jones, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “Two-core photonic crystal fiber for Doppler difference velocimetry,” Opt. Commun. 223, 375-380(2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirrmacher, and T. Pertsch, “The multicore fiber--a novel design for a diode pumped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 151, 187-195 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Wrage, P. Glas, D. Fischer, M. Leitner, N. N. Elkin, D. V. Vysotsky, A. P. Napartovich, and V. N. Troshchieva, “Phase-locking of a multicore fiber laser by wave propagation through an annular waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 205, 367-375(2002).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Gander, D. Macrae, E. A. C. Galliot, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, P. M. Blanchard, J. G. Burnett, A. H. Greenaway, and M. N. Inci, “Two-axis bend measurement using multicore optical fiber,” Opt. Commun. 182, 115-121 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Science (2)

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. S. J. Russell, “Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers,” Science 282, 1476-1549 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. S. J. Russell, “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sens. Actuators A, Phys. (1)

L. B. Yuan and X. Wang, “Four-beam single fiber optic interferometer and its sensing characteristics,” Sens. Actuators A, Phys. 138, 9-15 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

S. Inao, T. Sato, H. Hondo, M. Ogai, S. Sentsui, A. Otake, Y. Yosh-izawa, K. Ishihara, and N. Uchida, “High density multicore-fiber cable,” in Proceedings of the 28th International Wire & Cable Symposium (IEEE, 1978), pp. 370-384.

P. Yvernault, D. Mechin, E. Goyat, L. Brilland, and D. Pureur, “Fully functional optical add and drop multiplexer using twin-core fiber based Mach-Zehnder interferometer with photo imprinted fiber Bragg gratings,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Technical Digest Series, 54, WDD92/1-WDD92/3 (IEEE, 2001).

W. N. MacPherson, M. Silva-Lopez, J. S. Barton, A. J. Moore, J. D. C. Jones, D. Zhao, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, N. Metje, and D. N. Chapman, “Tunnel monitoring using multicore fiber displacement sensor,” in Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (SPIE, 2005), pp. 274-277.

J. R. Dunphy, G. Meltz, M. M. EL Leil Abou, and E. Snitzer, “Twin-core fiber-optic sensor for simultaneous temperature and strain measurement,” in Proceedings of the 3rd Conference on Optical Fiber Communications, New Orleans (Optical Society of America, 1984), pp. 58-60.

F. Lui and P. L. Chu, “A twin-core to twin fiber connector,” in Proceedings of the 13th Australian Conference on Optical Fiber Technology (Surfers Paradise, 1987), pp. 185-188.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Cross section of three- and four-core single-mode fibers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Fusion splicing and tapering coupling scheme of the single-core single-mode fiber to multicore single-mode fiber.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Shape profiles of the fusion-tapered fiber with variation of the drawing speed from 0.06 to 0.5 mm / s .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Arrangement of the three-core fiber in the simulation coordinate system.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Power transfer simulation results from one-core fiber to three-core fiber using the BPM.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Experimental setup for monitoring the power coupling processing in each core of the multicore fiber.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Experimental results of the optical power coupling from one-core fiber to three-core fiber in the zone of the bitapered fiber.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Experimental results of the optical power coupling from one-core fiber to four-core fiber in the zone of the bitapered fiber.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

R ( z ) = A + B tanh [ v ( z l 0 4 ) ] , 0 < z < l 0 2 ,
R ( z ) | Z = 0 = R 0 , R ( z ) | Z = l 0 2 = r 0 ,
A = 1 2 ( R 0 + r 0 ) , B = 1 2 ( r 0 R 0 ) / tanh ( v l 0 4 ) .
R ( z ) = 1 2 ( R 0 + r 0 ) 1 2 ( R 0 r 0 ) tanh [ v ( z l 0 4 ) ] tanh ( v l 0 4 ) , 0 < z < l 0 2 .
R ( z ) = 32.5 30 tanh [ k ( z 10 2 ) ] tanh ( k 2 × 10 ) , 0 < z < 10 ( mm ) .

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