Abstract

Anisotropic diffraction gratings based on a holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal (HPDLC) are realized by interferometric exposure using a spatial light modulator (SLM). The SLM is used in the HPDLC grating formation for anisotropic holographic recordings of two-dimensional polarization states for an incident light beam. The diffraction efficiency for P-polarization and the distinctive ratio of diffraction efficiency in P-polarization to that in S-polarization increases with the signal level applied to the SLM. The resulting volume gratings exhibit diffraction efficiency of more than 60% and a distinctive ratio of diffraction over 100. The microscopic origin of the anisotropic property is investigated by an optical polarizing microscope. The novel characteristics of the anisotropic diffraction properties of HPDLC are applied to an image reconstruction technique.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  30. A. Ogiwara and K. Kameda, “Holographic imaging device having polarization selectivity using polymer dispersed liquid crystal,” Proceedings of the 12th International Display Workshops, Takamatsu, 219-222 (2005).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

A. Ogiwara, H. Kakiuchida, M. Tazawa, and H. Ono, “Analysis of anisotropic diffraction gratings using holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 7341-7346(2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

I. D. Olenik, M. Fally, and M. A. Ellabban, “Temperature dependence of optical anisotropy of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal transmission gratings,” Phy. Rev. E. 74, 021707 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

S. G. Cloutier, “Polarization holography: orthogonal plane-polarized beam configuration with circular vectorial photoinduced anisotropy,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 38, 3371-3375(2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (4)

Y. Lu, F. Du, and S. T. Wu, “Polarization switch using thick holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal grating,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 810-815 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, and T. J. Bunning, “Phenomenological model of anisotropic volume hologram formation in liquid-crystal-photopolymer mixtures,” J. Appl. Phys. 96, 951-965 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Harbour, T. Galstian, R. S. Akopyan, and A. V. Galstyan, “Angular selectivity asymmetry of holograms recorded in near infrared sensitive liquid crystal photopolymerized materials,” Opt. Commun. 238, 261-267 (2004).

A. V. Galstyan, R. S. Hakobyan, S. Harbour, and T. Galstian, “Thermal modulation of diffraction in near infrared sensitive holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals,” Opt. Commun. 241, 23-28 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

Y. J. Liu, B. Zhang, Y. Jia, and K. S. Xu, “Improvement of the diffraction properties in holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 218, 27-32 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (7)

2001 (1)

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, and T. J. Bunning, “Evolution of anisotropic reflection gratings formed in holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1420-1422 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (4)

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, “Holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals (H-PDLCs),” Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83-115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Bowley and G. P. Crawford, “Diffusion kinetics of formation of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal display materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2235-2237 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Butler and M. S. Malcuit, “Diffraction properties of highly birefringent liquid-crystal composite gratings,” Opt. Lett. 25, 420-422 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Davis, D. E. McNamara, D. M. Cottrell, and T. Sonehara, “Two-dimensional polarization encoding with a phase-only liquid-crystal spatial light modulator,” Appl. Opt. 39, 1549-1554 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (4)

F. Gori, “Measuring Stokes parameters by means of polarization grating,” Opt. Lett. 24, 584-586 (1999).
[CrossRef]

U. D. Zeitner, B. Schnabel, E.-B. Kley, and F. Wyrowski, “Polarization multiplexing of diffractive elements with metal stripe grating pixels,” Appl. Opt. 38, 2177-2181 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Ogiwara, Y. Kuratomi, T. Karasawa, A. Takimoto, and S. Mizuguchi, “PS polarization converting device for LC projector using holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal films,” SID Int. Sym. Dig. 30, 1124-1127 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Kato, T. Hisaki, and M. Date, “Alignment-controlled holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal for reflective display devices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 805-808 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

A. Y.-G. Fuh, T. C. Ko, M.-S. Tsai, and C.-Y. Huang, “Dynamical studies of gratings formed in polymer-dispersed liquid crystal films,” J. Appl. Phys. 83, 679-683 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Sanyal, P. Bandyopadhyay, and A. Ghosh, “Vector wave imagery using a birefringent lens,” Opt. Eng. 37, 592-599(1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

T. Karasawa and Y. Taketomi, “Effects of materials system on the polarization behavior of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal gratings,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 6388-6392(1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, T. J. Bunning, and W. W. Adams, “Electrically switchable volume gratings in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1074-1076 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

Adams, W. W.

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, T. J. Bunning, and W. W. Adams, “Electrically switchable volume gratings in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1074-1076 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Akopyan, R. S.

S. Harbour, T. Galstian, R. S. Akopyan, and A. V. Galstyan, “Angular selectivity asymmetry of holograms recorded in near infrared sensitive liquid crystal photopolymerized materials,” Opt. Commun. 238, 261-267 (2004).

Bandyopadhyay, P.

S. Sanyal, P. Bandyopadhyay, and A. Ghosh, “Vector wave imagery using a birefringent lens,” Opt. Eng. 37, 592-599(1998).
[CrossRef]

Bowley, C. C.

C. C. Bowley and G. P. Crawford, “Diffusion kinetics of formation of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal display materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2235-2237 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Brandelik, D. M.

Bunning, T. J.

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, and T. J. Bunning, “Phenomenological model of anisotropic volume hologram formation in liquid-crystal-photopolymer mixtures,” J. Appl. Phys. 96, 951-965 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, and T. J. Bunning, “Evolution of anisotropic reflection gratings formed in holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1420-1422 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, “Holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals (H-PDLCs),” Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83-115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, T. J. Bunning, and W. W. Adams, “Electrically switchable volume gratings in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1074-1076 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Butler, J. J.

Chandra, S.

Cloutier, S. G.

S. G. Cloutier, “Polarization holography: orthogonal plane-polarized beam configuration with circular vectorial photoinduced anisotropy,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 38, 3371-3375(2005).
[CrossRef]

Cottrell, D. M.

Crawford, G. P.

M. Jazbinsek, I. D. Olenik, M. Zgonik, A. K. Fontecchio, and G. P. Crawford, “Electro-optical properties of polymer dispersed liquid crystal transmission gratings,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 375, 455-465 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Bowley and G. P. Crawford, “Diffusion kinetics of formation of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal display materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2235-2237 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Date, M.

K. Kato, T. Hisaki, and M. Date, “Alignment-controlled holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal for reflective display devices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 805-808 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Davis, J. A.

Du, F.

Y. Lu, F. Du, and S. T. Wu, “Polarization switch using thick holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal grating,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 810-815 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ellabban, M. A.

I. D. Olenik, M. Fally, and M. A. Ellabban, “Temperature dependence of optical anisotropy of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal transmission gratings,” Phy. Rev. E. 74, 021707 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fainman, Y.

Fally, M.

I. D. Olenik, M. Fally, and M. A. Ellabban, “Temperature dependence of optical anisotropy of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal transmission gratings,” Phy. Rev. E. 74, 021707 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fontecchio, A. K.

M. Jazbinsek, I. D. Olenik, M. Zgonik, A. K. Fontecchio, and G. P. Crawford, “Electro-optical properties of polymer dispersed liquid crystal transmission gratings,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 375, 455-465 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ford, J. E.

Fuh, A. Y.-G.

A. Y.-G. Fuh, C.-R. Lee, and Y.-H. Ho, “Thermally and electrically switchable gratings based on polymer-ball-type polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal films,” Appl. Opt. 41, 4585-4589(2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Y.-G. Fuh, T. C. Ko, M.-S. Tsai, and C.-Y. Huang, “Dynamical studies of gratings formed in polymer-dispersed liquid crystal films,” J. Appl. Phys. 83, 679-683 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, A.

Galstian, T.

S. Harbour, T. Galstian, R. S. Akopyan, and A. V. Galstyan, “Angular selectivity asymmetry of holograms recorded in near infrared sensitive liquid crystal photopolymerized materials,” Opt. Commun. 238, 261-267 (2004).

A. V. Galstyan, R. S. Hakobyan, S. Harbour, and T. Galstian, “Thermal modulation of diffraction in near infrared sensitive holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals,” Opt. Commun. 241, 23-28 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Galstyan, A. V.

A. V. Galstyan, R. S. Hakobyan, S. Harbour, and T. Galstian, “Thermal modulation of diffraction in near infrared sensitive holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals,” Opt. Commun. 241, 23-28 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Harbour, T. Galstian, R. S. Akopyan, and A. V. Galstyan, “Angular selectivity asymmetry of holograms recorded in near infrared sensitive liquid crystal photopolymerized materials,” Opt. Commun. 238, 261-267 (2004).

Ghosh, A.

S. Sanyal, P. Bandyopadhyay, and A. Ghosh, “Vector wave imagery using a birefringent lens,” Opt. Eng. 37, 592-599(1998).
[CrossRef]

Gori, F.

Hakobyan, R. S.

A. V. Galstyan, R. S. Hakobyan, S. Harbour, and T. Galstian, “Thermal modulation of diffraction in near infrared sensitive holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals,” Opt. Commun. 241, 23-28 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Harbour, S.

A. V. Galstyan, R. S. Hakobyan, S. Harbour, and T. Galstian, “Thermal modulation of diffraction in near infrared sensitive holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals,” Opt. Commun. 241, 23-28 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Harbour, T. Galstian, R. S. Akopyan, and A. V. Galstyan, “Angular selectivity asymmetry of holograms recorded in near infrared sensitive liquid crystal photopolymerized materials,” Opt. Commun. 238, 261-267 (2004).

Hisaki, T.

K. Kato, T. Hisaki, and M. Date, “Alignment-controlled holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal for reflective display devices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 805-808 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ho, Y.-H.

Holmes, M. E.

M. E. Holmes and M. S. Malcuit, “Controlling the anisotropy of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal gratings,” Phys. Rev. E 65, 066603 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C.-Y.

A. Y.-G. Fuh, T. C. Ko, M.-S. Tsai, and C.-Y. Huang, “Dynamical studies of gratings formed in polymer-dispersed liquid crystal films,” J. Appl. Phys. 83, 679-683 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jazbinsek, M.

M. Jazbinsek, I. D. Olenik, M. Zgonik, A. K. Fontecchio, and G. P. Crawford, “Electro-optical properties of polymer dispersed liquid crystal transmission gratings,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 375, 455-465 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jia, Y.

Y. J. Liu, B. Zhang, Y. Jia, and K. S. Xu, “Improvement of the diffraction properties in holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 218, 27-32 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kakiuchida, H.

A. Ogiwara, H. Kakiuchida, M. Tazawa, and H. Ono, “Analysis of anisotropic diffraction gratings using holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 7341-7346(2007).
[CrossRef]

Kameda, K.

A. Ogiwara and K. Kameda, “Holographic imaging device having polarization selectivity using polymer dispersed liquid crystal,” Proceedings of the 12th International Display Workshops, Takamatsu, 219-222 (2005).

Karasawa, T.

A. Ogiwara, Y. Kuratomi, T. Karasawa, A. Takimoto, and S. Mizuguchi, “PS polarization converting device for LC projector using holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal films,” SID Int. Sym. Dig. 30, 1124-1127 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Karasawa and Y. Taketomi, “Effects of materials system on the polarization behavior of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal gratings,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 6388-6392(1997).
[CrossRef]

Kato, K.

K. Kato, T. Hisaki, and M. Date, “Alignment-controlled holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal for reflective display devices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 805-808 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kley, E.-B.

Ko, T. C.

A. Y.-G. Fuh, T. C. Ko, M.-S. Tsai, and C.-Y. Huang, “Dynamical studies of gratings formed in polymer-dispersed liquid crystal films,” J. Appl. Phys. 83, 679-683 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kuratomi, Y.

A. Ogiwara, Y. Kuratomi, T. Karasawa, A. Takimoto, and S. Mizuguchi, “PS polarization converting device for LC projector using holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal films,” SID Int. Sym. Dig. 30, 1124-1127 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.-R.

Liu, Y. J.

Y. J. Liu, B. Zhang, Y. Jia, and K. S. Xu, “Improvement of the diffraction properties in holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 218, 27-32 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y.

Y. Lu, F. Du, and S. T. Wu, “Polarization switch using thick holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal grating,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 810-815 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Malcuit, M. S.

Matsuda, H.

A. Ogiwara, M. Takeda, H. Matsuda, and O. Tanaka, “Evaluation of induced polarization dependence in photo-polymerization process of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal films,” Proceedings of the 11th International Display Workshops, Niigata, 125-128 (2004).

McNamara, D. E.

Mizuguchi, S.

A. Ogiwara, Y. Kuratomi, T. Karasawa, A. Takimoto, and S. Mizuguchi, “PS polarization converting device for LC projector using holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal films,” SID Int. Sym. Dig. 30, 1124-1127 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Natarajan, L. V.

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, and T. J. Bunning, “Phenomenological model of anisotropic volume hologram formation in liquid-crystal-photopolymer mixtures,” J. Appl. Phys. 96, 951-965 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, S. Chandra, C. K. Shepherd, D. M. Brandelik, and S. A. Siwecki, “Polarization and switching properties of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal gratings. II. Experimental investigations,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 3004-3012 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, and T. J. Bunning, “Evolution of anisotropic reflection gratings formed in holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1420-1422 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, “Holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals (H-PDLCs),” Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83-115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, T. J. Bunning, and W. W. Adams, “Electrically switchable volume gratings in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1074-1076 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ogiwara, A.

A. Ogiwara, H. Kakiuchida, M. Tazawa, and H. Ono, “Analysis of anisotropic diffraction gratings using holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 7341-7346(2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Ogiwara, Y. Kuratomi, T. Karasawa, A. Takimoto, and S. Mizuguchi, “PS polarization converting device for LC projector using holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal films,” SID Int. Sym. Dig. 30, 1124-1127 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Ogiwara and K. Kameda, “Holographic imaging device having polarization selectivity using polymer dispersed liquid crystal,” Proceedings of the 12th International Display Workshops, Takamatsu, 219-222 (2005).

A. Ogiwara, M. Takeda, H. Matsuda, and O. Tanaka, “Evaluation of induced polarization dependence in photo-polymerization process of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal films,” Proceedings of the 11th International Display Workshops, Niigata, 125-128 (2004).

Ohtsubo, J.

Olenik, I. D.

I. D. Olenik, M. Fally, and M. A. Ellabban, “Temperature dependence of optical anisotropy of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal transmission gratings,” Phy. Rev. E. 74, 021707 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Jazbinsek, I. D. Olenik, M. Zgonik, A. K. Fontecchio, and G. P. Crawford, “Electro-optical properties of polymer dispersed liquid crystal transmission gratings,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 375, 455-465 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ono, H.

A. Ogiwara, H. Kakiuchida, M. Tazawa, and H. Ono, “Analysis of anisotropic diffraction gratings using holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 7341-7346(2007).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez, M. A.

Sanyal, S.

S. Sanyal, P. Bandyopadhyay, and A. Ghosh, “Vector wave imagery using a birefringent lens,” Opt. Eng. 37, 592-599(1998).
[CrossRef]

Schnabel, B.

Shepherd, C. K.

Siwecki, S. A.

Sonehara, T.

Sutherland, R. L.

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, and T. J. Bunning, “Phenomenological model of anisotropic volume hologram formation in liquid-crystal-photopolymer mixtures,” J. Appl. Phys. 96, 951-965 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, “Polarization and switching properties of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal gratings. I. Theoretical model,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2995-3003 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, S. Chandra, C. K. Shepherd, D. M. Brandelik, and S. A. Siwecki, “Polarization and switching properties of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal gratings. II. Experimental investigations,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 3004-3012 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, and T. J. Bunning, “Evolution of anisotropic reflection gratings formed in holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1420-1422 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, “Holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals (H-PDLCs),” Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83-115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, T. J. Bunning, and W. W. Adams, “Electrically switchable volume gratings in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1074-1076 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Takeda, M.

A. Ogiwara, M. Takeda, H. Matsuda, and O. Tanaka, “Evaluation of induced polarization dependence in photo-polymerization process of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal films,” Proceedings of the 11th International Display Workshops, Niigata, 125-128 (2004).

Taketomi, Y.

T. Karasawa and Y. Taketomi, “Effects of materials system on the polarization behavior of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal gratings,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 6388-6392(1997).
[CrossRef]

Takimoto, A.

A. Ogiwara, Y. Kuratomi, T. Karasawa, A. Takimoto, and S. Mizuguchi, “PS polarization converting device for LC projector using holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal films,” SID Int. Sym. Dig. 30, 1124-1127 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, O.

A. Ogiwara, M. Takeda, H. Matsuda, and O. Tanaka, “Evaluation of induced polarization dependence in photo-polymerization process of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal films,” Proceedings of the 11th International Display Workshops, Niigata, 125-128 (2004).

Tazawa, M.

A. Ogiwara, H. Kakiuchida, M. Tazawa, and H. Ono, “Analysis of anisotropic diffraction gratings using holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 7341-7346(2007).
[CrossRef]

Tondiglia, V. P.

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, and T. J. Bunning, “Phenomenological model of anisotropic volume hologram formation in liquid-crystal-photopolymer mixtures,” J. Appl. Phys. 96, 951-965 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, S. Chandra, C. K. Shepherd, D. M. Brandelik, and S. A. Siwecki, “Polarization and switching properties of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal gratings. II. Experimental investigations,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 3004-3012 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, and T. J. Bunning, “Evolution of anisotropic reflection gratings formed in holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1420-1422 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, “Holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals (H-PDLCs),” Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83-115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, T. J. Bunning, and W. W. Adams, “Electrically switchable volume gratings in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1074-1076 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, M.-S.

A. Y.-G. Fuh, T. C. Ko, M.-S. Tsai, and C.-Y. Huang, “Dynamical studies of gratings formed in polymer-dispersed liquid crystal films,” J. Appl. Phys. 83, 679-683 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Urquhart, K.

Wu, S. T.

Y. Lu, F. Du, and S. T. Wu, “Polarization switch using thick holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal grating,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 810-815 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wyrowski, F.

Xu, K. S.

Y. J. Liu, B. Zhang, Y. Jia, and K. S. Xu, “Improvement of the diffraction properties in holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 218, 27-32 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yu, F.

Zeitner, U. D.

Zgonik, M.

M. Jazbinsek, I. D. Olenik, M. Zgonik, A. K. Fontecchio, and G. P. Crawford, “Electro-optical properties of polymer dispersed liquid crystal transmission gratings,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 375, 455-465 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B.

Y. J. Liu, B. Zhang, Y. Jia, and K. S. Xu, “Improvement of the diffraction properties in holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 218, 27-32 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. (1)

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, “Holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals (H-PDLCs),” Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83-115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (4)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

C. C. Bowley and G. P. Crawford, “Diffusion kinetics of formation of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal display materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2235-2237 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, and T. J. Bunning, “Evolution of anisotropic reflection gratings formed in holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1420-1422 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, T. J. Bunning, and W. W. Adams, “Electrically switchable volume gratings in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1074-1076 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

A. Y.-G. Fuh, T. C. Ko, M.-S. Tsai, and C.-Y. Huang, “Dynamical studies of gratings formed in polymer-dispersed liquid crystal films,” J. Appl. Phys. 83, 679-683 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lu, F. Du, and S. T. Wu, “Polarization switch using thick holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal grating,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 810-815 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, and T. J. Bunning, “Phenomenological model of anisotropic volume hologram formation in liquid-crystal-photopolymer mixtures,” J. Appl. Phys. 96, 951-965 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. (1)

S. G. Cloutier, “Polarization holography: orthogonal plane-polarized beam configuration with circular vectorial photoinduced anisotropy,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 38, 3371-3375(2005).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (3)

T. Karasawa and Y. Taketomi, “Effects of materials system on the polarization behavior of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal gratings,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 6388-6392(1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Kato, T. Hisaki, and M. Date, “Alignment-controlled holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal for reflective display devices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 805-808 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Ogiwara, H. Kakiuchida, M. Tazawa, and H. Ono, “Analysis of anisotropic diffraction gratings using holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 7341-7346(2007).
[CrossRef]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (1)

M. Jazbinsek, I. D. Olenik, M. Zgonik, A. K. Fontecchio, and G. P. Crawford, “Electro-optical properties of polymer dispersed liquid crystal transmission gratings,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 375, 455-465 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (3)

Y. J. Liu, B. Zhang, Y. Jia, and K. S. Xu, “Improvement of the diffraction properties in holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 218, 27-32 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Harbour, T. Galstian, R. S. Akopyan, and A. V. Galstyan, “Angular selectivity asymmetry of holograms recorded in near infrared sensitive liquid crystal photopolymerized materials,” Opt. Commun. 238, 261-267 (2004).

A. V. Galstyan, R. S. Hakobyan, S. Harbour, and T. Galstian, “Thermal modulation of diffraction in near infrared sensitive holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals,” Opt. Commun. 241, 23-28 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

S. Sanyal, P. Bandyopadhyay, and A. Ghosh, “Vector wave imagery using a birefringent lens,” Opt. Eng. 37, 592-599(1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phy. Rev. E. (1)

I. D. Olenik, M. Fally, and M. A. Ellabban, “Temperature dependence of optical anisotropy of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal transmission gratings,” Phy. Rev. E. 74, 021707 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

M. E. Holmes and M. S. Malcuit, “Controlling the anisotropy of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal gratings,” Phys. Rev. E 65, 066603 (2002).
[CrossRef]

SID Int. Sym. Dig. (1)

A. Ogiwara, Y. Kuratomi, T. Karasawa, A. Takimoto, and S. Mizuguchi, “PS polarization converting device for LC projector using holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal films,” SID Int. Sym. Dig. 30, 1124-1127 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

A. Ogiwara, M. Takeda, H. Matsuda, and O. Tanaka, “Evaluation of induced polarization dependence in photo-polymerization process of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal films,” Proceedings of the 11th International Display Workshops, Niigata, 125-128 (2004).

A. Ogiwara and K. Kameda, “Holographic imaging device having polarization selectivity using polymer dispersed liquid crystal,” Proceedings of the 12th International Display Workshops, Takamatsu, 219-222 (2005).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical setup for measuring the polarization modulation property of a spatial light modulator (SLM). The green laser light with S-polarization is incident to the SLM controlled by the signal from a personal computer, and the modulated transmitted light is detected by an optical sensor as the function of the polarization azimuth corresponding to the angle of rotating analyzer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental results showing the rotation of the plane of polarization as a function of signal level applied to the SLM. The transmittance of light intensity normalized through the analyzer is shown as a function of orientation angle against the polarization-azimuth dependence.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical setup for fabricating the HPDLC grating under the control of polarization modulation by the SLM located in laser interferometer.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Diffraction efficiencies ( η p and η s ) for P- and S- polarizations obtained as a function of signal level applied to the SLM; and (b) distinctive ratio ( η p / η s ) of diffraction efficiency.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Fringe patterns observed by polarizing microscopy of HPDLC gratings fabricated at (a) signal level of 0, (b) 150, and (c) 255. Arrows at the top of the images represent the directions of polarizer (P) and analyzer (A). The images from A1 to C1 are observed when the grating vectors in those gratings are placed at 0 ° with respect to the polarizer, whereas the images from A2 to C2 are observed at a rotation angle of 45 ° .

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Optical setup for image reconstruction using HPDLC. The illuminated light from the green laser is transformed to the circularly polarized state by a quarter-wave plate, and P- or S-polarization state selected by the polarizer is incident to the HPDLC for image reconstruction on the screen.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Reconstructed images correspond to the binary letter F; and (b) gray-scaled human face. The images A1 and B1 are illuminated by P-polarization laser light, whereas the images A2 and B2 are illuminated by S-polarization light.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Optical elements used for the application of image reconstruction; and (b) reconstructed image. The configurations of phase plates consisting of half-wave and quarter-wave plates are shown in A1 and the numbers recorded in HPDLC are shown in A2. The image shown in B1 is reconstructed by illuminating the circularly polarized light to the HPDLC grating without the phase plate of A1, whereas the reconstructed image shown in B2 is illuminated by the circularly polarized light passed through the phase plates placed on the HPDLC grating.

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