Abstract

A novel intrinsic fiber optic pressure sensor realized with a polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber (PM-PCF) based Sagnac interferometer is proposed and demonstrated experimentally. A large wavelength-pressure coefficient of 3.42 nm/MPa was measured using a 58.4 cm long PM-PCF as the sensing element. Owing to the inherently low bending loss and thermal dependence of the PM-PCF, the proposed pressure sensor is very compact and exhibits low temperature sensitivity.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  3. A. N. Starodumov, L. A. Zenteno, D. Monzon, and E. De La Rose, “Fiber Sagnac interferometer temperature sensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 19-21 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
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  5. Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2015-2017 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2007 (3)

2005 (1)

2004 (3)

D.-H. Kim and J. U. Kang, “Sagnac loop interferometer based on polarization maintaining photonic crystal fiber with reduced temperature sensitivity,” Opt. Express 12, 4490-4495 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C.-L. Zhao, X, Yang, C. Lu, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, “Temperature-insensitive interferometer using a highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2535-2537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2015-2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2001 (2)

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, “Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588-590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, D. Feng, Z. Liu, Z. Guo, X. Dong, K. S. Chiang, and B. C. B. Chu, “High-sensitivity pressure sensor using a shielded polymer-coated fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 618-619 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. Campbell, G. Zheng, A. S. Holmes-Smith, and P. A. Wallace, “A frequency-modulated continuous wave birefringent fibre-optic strain sensor based on a Sagnac ring configuration,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 218-224 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

A. N. Starodumov, L. A. Zenteno, D. Monzon, and E. De La Rose, “Fiber Sagnac interferometer temperature sensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 19-21 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. De La Rose, L. A. Zenteno, A. N. Starodumov, and D. Monzon, “All-fiber absolute temperature sensor using an unbalanced high-birefringence Sagnac loop,” Opt. Lett. 22, 481-483 (1997).

1976 (1)

B. Chu, B. C.

Y. Zhang, D. Feng, Z. Liu, Z. Guo, X. Dong, K. S. Chiang, and B. C. B. Chu, “High-sensitivity pressure sensor using a shielded polymer-coated fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 618-619 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T. A.

Bjarklev, A.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, “Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588-590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Blotekjaer, K.

S. Knudsen and K. Blotekjaer, “An ultrasonic fiber-optic hydrophone incorporating a push-pull transducer in a Sagnac interferometer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1696-1700 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Broeng, J.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, “Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588-590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, M.

M. Campbell, G. Zheng, A. S. Holmes-Smith, and P. A. Wallace, “A frequency-modulated continuous wave birefringent fibre-optic strain sensor based on a Sagnac ring configuration,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 218-224 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chiang, K. S.

Y. Zhang, D. Feng, Z. Liu, Z. Guo, X. Dong, K. S. Chiang, and B. C. B. Chu, “High-sensitivity pressure sensor using a shielded polymer-coated fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 618-619 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Couny, F.

De La Rose, E.

A. N. Starodumov, L. A. Zenteno, D. Monzon, and E. De La Rose, “Fiber Sagnac interferometer temperature sensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 19-21 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. De La Rose, L. A. Zenteno, A. N. Starodumov, and D. Monzon, “All-fiber absolute temperature sensor using an unbalanced high-birefringence Sagnac loop,” Opt. Lett. 22, 481-483 (1997).

Demokan, M. S.

L. Xiao, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, “Fusion splicing small-core photonic crystal fibers and single-mode fibers by repeated arc discharges,” Opt. Lett. 32, 115-117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C.-L. Zhao, X, Yang, C. Lu, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, “Temperature-insensitive interferometer using a highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2535-2537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dong, X.

X. Dong, H. Y. Tam, and P. Shum, “Temperature-insensitive strain sensor with polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber based Sagnac interferometer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, B. Liu, X. Feng, W. Zhang, G. Zhou, S. Yuan, G. Kai, and X. Dong, “High-birefringence fiber loop mirrors and their applications as sensors,” Appl. Opt. 44, 2382-2390 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, D. Feng, Z. Liu, Z. Guo, X. Dong, K. S. Chiang, and B. C. B. Chu, “High-sensitivity pressure sensor using a shielded polymer-coated fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 618-619 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Farr, L.

Feng, D.

Y. Zhang, D. Feng, Z. Liu, Z. Guo, X. Dong, K. S. Chiang, and B. C. B. Chu, “High-sensitivity pressure sensor using a shielded polymer-coated fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 618-619 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Feng, X.

Gahir, H. K.

Guo, Z.

Y. Zhang, D. Feng, Z. Liu, Z. Guo, X. Dong, K. S. Chiang, and B. C. B. Chu, “High-sensitivity pressure sensor using a shielded polymer-coated fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 618-619 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, T. P.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, “Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588-590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Holmes-Smith, A. S.

M. Campbell, G. Zheng, A. S. Holmes-Smith, and P. A. Wallace, “A frequency-modulated continuous wave birefringent fibre-optic strain sensor based on a Sagnac ring configuration,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 218-224 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hu, S.

Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2015-2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, J. R.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, “Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588-590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jin, W.

L. Xiao, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, “Fusion splicing small-core photonic crystal fibers and single-mode fibers by repeated arc discharges,” Opt. Lett. 32, 115-117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C.-L. Zhao, X, Yang, C. Lu, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, “Temperature-insensitive interferometer using a highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2535-2537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kai, G.

Kakarantzas, G.

Kang, J. U.

Khanna, D.

Kim, D.-H.

Knudsen, E.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, “Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588-590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Knudsen, S.

S. Knudsen and K. Blotekjaer, “An ultrasonic fiber-optic hydrophone incorporating a push-pull transducer in a Sagnac interferometer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1696-1700 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Libori, S. E. B.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, “Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588-590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liu, B.

Liu, Y.

Liu, Z.

Y. Zhang, D. Feng, Z. Liu, Z. Guo, X. Dong, K. S. Chiang, and B. C. B. Chu, “High-sensitivity pressure sensor using a shielded polymer-coated fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 618-619 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C.

C.-L. Zhao, X, Yang, C. Lu, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, “Temperature-insensitive interferometer using a highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2535-2537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mangan, B. J.

Monzon, D.

A. N. Starodumov, L. A. Zenteno, D. Monzon, and E. De La Rose, “Fiber Sagnac interferometer temperature sensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 19-21 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. De La Rose, L. A. Zenteno, A. N. Starodumov, and D. Monzon, “All-fiber absolute temperature sensor using an unbalanced high-birefringence Sagnac loop,” Opt. Lett. 22, 481-483 (1997).

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

Shorthill, R. W.

Shum, P.

X. Dong, H. Y. Tam, and P. Shum, “Temperature-insensitive strain sensor with polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber based Sagnac interferometer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Simonsen, H.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, “Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588-590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Song, Y. J.

Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2015-2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

St. Russell, P.

Starodumov, A. N.

E. De La Rose, L. A. Zenteno, A. N. Starodumov, and D. Monzon, “All-fiber absolute temperature sensor using an unbalanced high-birefringence Sagnac loop,” Opt. Lett. 22, 481-483 (1997).

A. N. Starodumov, L. A. Zenteno, D. Monzon, and E. De La Rose, “Fiber Sagnac interferometer temperature sensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 19-21 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tam, H. Y.

X. Dong, H. Y. Tam, and P. Shum, “Temperature-insensitive strain sensor with polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber based Sagnac interferometer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vali, V.

Wallace, P. A.

M. Campbell, G. Zheng, A. S. Holmes-Smith, and P. A. Wallace, “A frequency-modulated continuous wave birefringent fibre-optic strain sensor based on a Sagnac ring configuration,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 218-224 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Xia, Y. X.

Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2015-2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, L.

Yang, X

C.-L. Zhao, X, Yang, C. Lu, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, “Temperature-insensitive interferometer using a highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2535-2537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ye, Q. H.

Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2015-2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, S.

Zenteno, L. A.

A. N. Starodumov, L. A. Zenteno, D. Monzon, and E. De La Rose, “Fiber Sagnac interferometer temperature sensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 19-21 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. De La Rose, L. A. Zenteno, A. N. Starodumov, and D. Monzon, “All-fiber absolute temperature sensor using an unbalanced high-birefringence Sagnac loop,” Opt. Lett. 22, 481-483 (1997).

Zhan, L.

Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2015-2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, D. Feng, Z. Liu, Z. Guo, X. Dong, K. S. Chiang, and B. C. B. Chu, “High-sensitivity pressure sensor using a shielded polymer-coated fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 618-619 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, C.-L.

C.-L. Zhao, X, Yang, C. Lu, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, “Temperature-insensitive interferometer using a highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2535-2537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, G.

M. Campbell, G. Zheng, A. S. Holmes-Smith, and P. A. Wallace, “A frequency-modulated continuous wave birefringent fibre-optic strain sensor based on a Sagnac ring configuration,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 218-224 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, G.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

A. N. Starodumov, L. A. Zenteno, D. Monzon, and E. De La Rose, “Fiber Sagnac interferometer temperature sensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 19-21 (1997).
[CrossRef]

X. Dong, H. Y. Tam, and P. Shum, “Temperature-insensitive strain sensor with polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber based Sagnac interferometer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

C.-L. Zhao, X, Yang, C. Lu, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, “Temperature-insensitive interferometer using a highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2535-2537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, “Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588-590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, D. Feng, Z. Liu, Z. Guo, X. Dong, K. S. Chiang, and B. C. B. Chu, “High-sensitivity pressure sensor using a shielded polymer-coated fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 618-619 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2015-2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

S. Knudsen and K. Blotekjaer, “An ultrasonic fiber-optic hydrophone incorporating a push-pull transducer in a Sagnac interferometer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1696-1700 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

M. Campbell, G. Zheng, A. S. Holmes-Smith, and P. A. Wallace, “A frequency-modulated continuous wave birefringent fibre-optic strain sensor based on a Sagnac ring configuration,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 218-224 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

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