Abstract

Photoacoustic (PA) spectra generated by current modulation of a distributed feedback diode laser (DFB-DL) were measured for the ammonia absorption line at 1.53 μm and calculated using absorption spectra taken from a database. The algorithm is based on a combined amplitude- and wavelength-modulation (AM-WM) scheme. The spectral characteristics of the DFB-DL were determined by comparing simulated spectra with Fourier transform infrared measurements. PA spectra were measured and simulated from the first to fourth harmonic and a variation of the modulation depth with modulation frequency was observed. It was found that combined AM-WM modulation may produce larger PA signals than separate AM or WM detection for the first harmonic.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2006

S. Schilt and L. Thévenaz, “Wavelength modulation photoacoustic spectroscopy: theoretical description and experimental results,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 48, 154-162 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

M. E. Webber, T. MacDonald, M. B. Pushkarsky, C. K. N. Patel, Y. J. Zhao, N. Marcillac, and F. M. Mitloehner, “Agricultural ammonia sensor using diode lasers and photoacoustic spectroscopy,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 16, 1547-1553 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, A. J. Vander, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The hitran 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

S. W. Sharpe, T. J. Johnson, R. L. Sams, P. M. Chu, G. C. Rhoderick, and P. A. Johnson, “Gas-phase databases for quantitative infrared spectroscopy,” Appl. Spectrosc. 58, 1452-1461 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Schilt, L. Thévenaz, M. Nikles, L. Emmenegger, and C. Huglin, “Ammonia monitoring at trace level using photoacoustic spectroscopy in industrial and environmental applications,” Spectrochim. Acta A 60, 3259-3268 (2004).

G. Giubileo, A. Puiu, G. Argirò, P. Rocchini, and E. Borra, “Analysis of the breath from patients treated by anti-tumour radio-therapy,” Laser Phys. 14, 243-249 (2004).

2003

H. W. A. Berkelmans, B. W. M. Moeskops, J. Bominaar, P. T. J. Scheepers, and F. J. M. Harren, “Pharmacokinetics of ethylene in man by on-line laser photoacoustic detection,” Toxicology and applied pharmacology 190, 206-213 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. U. Schramm, M. S. Sthel, M. G. da Silva, L. O. Carneiro, A. J. S. Junior, A. P. Souza, and H. Vargas, “Application of laser photoacoustic spectroscopy for the analysis of gas samples emitted by diesel engines,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 44, 263-269 (2003).

S. Schilt, L. Thévenaz, and P. Robert, “Wavelength modulation spectroscopy: combined frequency and intensity laser modulation,” Appl. Opt. 42, 6728-6738 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

2001

A. Miklós, P. Hess, and Z. Bozoki, “Application of acoustic resonators in photoacoustic trace gas analysis and metrology,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1937-1955 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Kluczynski, J. Gustafsson, A. M. Lindberg, and O. Axner, “Wavelength modulation absorption spectrometry--an extensive scrutiny of the generation of signals,” Spectrochim. Acta B 56, 1277-1354 (2001).

O. Axner, P. Kluczynski, and A. M. Lindberg, “A general non-complex analytical expression for the nth Fourier component of a wavelength-modulated Lorentzian lineshape function,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 68, 299-317 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1994

A. Miklós, Z. Bozóki, Y. Jiang, and M. Fehér, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of photoacoustic signal generation by wavelength-modulated diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 483-492 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

1987

J. Hinderling, M. W. Sigrist, and F. K. Kneubühl, “Laser-photoacoustic spectroscopy of water-vapor continuum and line absorption in the 8 to 14 μm atmospheric window,” Infrared Phys. 27, 63-120 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1981

J. Reid and D. Labrie, “Second-harmonic detection with tunable diode lasers--comparison of experiment and theory,” Appl. Phys. B 26, 203-210 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Argirò, G.

G. Giubileo, A. Puiu, G. Argirò, P. Rocchini, and E. Borra, “Analysis of the breath from patients treated by anti-tumour radio-therapy,” Laser Phys. 14, 243-249 (2004).

Axner, O.

P. Kluczynski, J. Gustafsson, A. M. Lindberg, and O. Axner, “Wavelength modulation absorption spectrometry--an extensive scrutiny of the generation of signals,” Spectrochim. Acta B 56, 1277-1354 (2001).

O. Axner, P. Kluczynski, and A. M. Lindberg, “A general non-complex analytical expression for the nth Fourier component of a wavelength-modulated Lorentzian lineshape function,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 68, 299-317 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Barbe, A.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, A. J. Vander, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The hitran 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Benner, D. C.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, A. J. Vander, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The hitran 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Berkelmans, H. W. A.

H. W. A. Berkelmans, B. W. M. Moeskops, J. Bominaar, P. T. J. Scheepers, and F. J. M. Harren, “Pharmacokinetics of ethylene in man by on-line laser photoacoustic detection,” Toxicology and applied pharmacology 190, 206-213 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Birk, M.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, A. J. Vander, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The hitran 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bominaar, J.

H. W. A. Berkelmans, B. W. M. Moeskops, J. Bominaar, P. T. J. Scheepers, and F. J. M. Harren, “Pharmacokinetics of ethylene in man by on-line laser photoacoustic detection,” Toxicology and applied pharmacology 190, 206-213 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Borra, E.

G. Giubileo, A. Puiu, G. Argirò, P. Rocchini, and E. Borra, “Analysis of the breath from patients treated by anti-tumour radio-therapy,” Laser Phys. 14, 243-249 (2004).

Bozoki, Z.

A. Miklós, P. Hess, and Z. Bozoki, “Application of acoustic resonators in photoacoustic trace gas analysis and metrology,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1937-1955 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bozóki, Z.

A. Miklós, Z. Bozóki, Y. Jiang, and M. Fehér, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of photoacoustic signal generation by wavelength-modulated diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 483-492 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Brown, L. R.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, A. J. Vander, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The hitran 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Carleer, M. R.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, A. J. Vander, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The hitran 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Carneiro, L. O.

D. U. Schramm, M. S. Sthel, M. G. da Silva, L. O. Carneiro, A. J. S. Junior, A. P. Souza, and H. Vargas, “Application of laser photoacoustic spectroscopy for the analysis of gas samples emitted by diesel engines,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 44, 263-269 (2003).

Chackerian, C.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, A. J. Vander, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The hitran 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chance, K.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, A. J. Vander, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The hitran 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chu, P. M.

Coudert, L. H.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, A. J. Vander, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The hitran 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

da Silva, M. G.

D. U. Schramm, M. S. Sthel, M. G. da Silva, L. O. Carneiro, A. J. S. Junior, A. P. Souza, and H. Vargas, “Application of laser photoacoustic spectroscopy for the analysis of gas samples emitted by diesel engines,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 44, 263-269 (2003).

Dana, V.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, A. J. Vander, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The hitran 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Devi, V. M.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, A. J. Vander, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The hitran 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Emmenegger, L.

S. Schilt, L. Thévenaz, M. Nikles, L. Emmenegger, and C. Huglin, “Ammonia monitoring at trace level using photoacoustic spectroscopy in industrial and environmental applications,” Spectrochim. Acta A 60, 3259-3268 (2004).

Fehér, M.

A. Miklós, Z. Bozóki, Y. Jiang, and M. Fehér, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of photoacoustic signal generation by wavelength-modulated diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 483-492 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Flaud, J.-M.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, A. J. Vander, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The hitran 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gamache, R. R.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, A. J. Vander, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The hitran 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Giubileo, G.

G. Giubileo, A. Puiu, G. Argirò, P. Rocchini, and E. Borra, “Analysis of the breath from patients treated by anti-tumour radio-therapy,” Laser Phys. 14, 243-249 (2004).

Goldman, A.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, A. J. Vander, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The hitran 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gustafsson, J.

P. Kluczynski, J. Gustafsson, A. M. Lindberg, and O. Axner, “Wavelength modulation absorption spectrometry--an extensive scrutiny of the generation of signals,” Spectrochim. Acta B 56, 1277-1354 (2001).

Hanson, R. K.

Harren, F. J. M.

H. W. A. Berkelmans, B. W. M. Moeskops, J. Bominaar, P. T. J. Scheepers, and F. J. M. Harren, “Pharmacokinetics of ethylene in man by on-line laser photoacoustic detection,” Toxicology and applied pharmacology 190, 206-213 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hartmann, J.-M.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, A. J. Vander, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The hitran 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hess, P.

A. Schmohl, A. Miklós, and P. Hess, “Detection of ammonia by photoacoustic spectroscopy with semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Opt. 41, 1815-1823 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Miklós, P. Hess, and Z. Bozoki, “Application of acoustic resonators in photoacoustic trace gas analysis and metrology,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1937-1955 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hinderling, J.

J. Hinderling, M. W. Sigrist, and F. K. Kneubühl, “Laser-photoacoustic spectroscopy of water-vapor continuum and line absorption in the 8 to 14 μm atmospheric window,” Infrared Phys. 27, 63-120 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Huglin, C.

S. Schilt, L. Thévenaz, M. Nikles, L. Emmenegger, and C. Huglin, “Ammonia monitoring at trace level using photoacoustic spectroscopy in industrial and environmental applications,” Spectrochim. Acta A 60, 3259-3268 (2004).

Ingard, K. U.

P. M. Morse and K. U. Ingard, Theoretical Acoustics (McGraw-Hill, 1986).

Jacquemart, D.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, A. J. Vander, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The hitran 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Y.

A. Miklós, Z. Bozóki, Y. Jiang, and M. Fehér, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of photoacoustic signal generation by wavelength-modulated diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 483-492 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, P. A.

Johnson, T. J.

Jucks, K. W.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, A. J. Vander, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The hitran 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Junior, A. J. S.

D. U. Schramm, M. S. Sthel, M. G. da Silva, L. O. Carneiro, A. J. S. Junior, A. P. Souza, and H. Vargas, “Application of laser photoacoustic spectroscopy for the analysis of gas samples emitted by diesel engines,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 44, 263-269 (2003).

Kluczynski, P.

P. Kluczynski, J. Gustafsson, A. M. Lindberg, and O. Axner, “Wavelength modulation absorption spectrometry--an extensive scrutiny of the generation of signals,” Spectrochim. Acta B 56, 1277-1354 (2001).

O. Axner, P. Kluczynski, and A. M. Lindberg, “A general non-complex analytical expression for the nth Fourier component of a wavelength-modulated Lorentzian lineshape function,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 68, 299-317 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kneubühl, F. K.

J. Hinderling, M. W. Sigrist, and F. K. Kneubühl, “Laser-photoacoustic spectroscopy of water-vapor continuum and line absorption in the 8 to 14 μm atmospheric window,” Infrared Phys. 27, 63-120 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Labrie, D.

J. Reid and D. Labrie, “Second-harmonic detection with tunable diode lasers--comparison of experiment and theory,” Appl. Phys. B 26, 203-210 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Lindberg, A. M.

O. Axner, P. Kluczynski, and A. M. Lindberg, “A general non-complex analytical expression for the nth Fourier component of a wavelength-modulated Lorentzian lineshape function,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 68, 299-317 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Kluczynski, J. Gustafsson, A. M. Lindberg, and O. Axner, “Wavelength modulation absorption spectrometry--an extensive scrutiny of the generation of signals,” Spectrochim. Acta B 56, 1277-1354 (2001).

MacDonald, T.

M. E. Webber, T. MacDonald, M. B. Pushkarsky, C. K. N. Patel, Y. J. Zhao, N. Marcillac, and F. M. Mitloehner, “Agricultural ammonia sensor using diode lasers and photoacoustic spectroscopy,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 16, 1547-1553 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Maki, A. G.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, A. J. Vander, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The hitran 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mandin, J.-Y.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, A. J. Vander, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The hitran 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Marcillac, N.

M. E. Webber, T. MacDonald, M. B. Pushkarsky, C. K. N. Patel, Y. J. Zhao, N. Marcillac, and F. M. Mitloehner, “Agricultural ammonia sensor using diode lasers and photoacoustic spectroscopy,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 16, 1547-1553 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Massie, S. T.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, A. J. Vander, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The hitran 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Meschede, D.

D. Meschede, Optik, Licht und Laser, 2nd ed. (Teubner, 2005).

Miklós, A.

A. Schmohl, A. Miklós, and P. Hess, “Detection of ammonia by photoacoustic spectroscopy with semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Opt. 41, 1815-1823 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Miklós, P. Hess, and Z. Bozoki, “Application of acoustic resonators in photoacoustic trace gas analysis and metrology,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1937-1955 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Miklós, Z. Bozóki, Y. Jiang, and M. Fehér, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of photoacoustic signal generation by wavelength-modulated diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 483-492 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mitloehner, F. M.

M. E. Webber, T. MacDonald, M. B. Pushkarsky, C. K. N. Patel, Y. J. Zhao, N. Marcillac, and F. M. Mitloehner, “Agricultural ammonia sensor using diode lasers and photoacoustic spectroscopy,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 16, 1547-1553 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Moeskops, B. W. M.

H. W. A. Berkelmans, B. W. M. Moeskops, J. Bominaar, P. T. J. Scheepers, and F. J. M. Harren, “Pharmacokinetics of ethylene in man by on-line laser photoacoustic detection,” Toxicology and applied pharmacology 190, 206-213 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Morse, P. M.

P. M. Morse and K. U. Ingard, Theoretical Acoustics (McGraw-Hill, 1986).

Nikles, M.

S. Schilt, L. Thévenaz, M. Nikles, L. Emmenegger, and C. Huglin, “Ammonia monitoring at trace level using photoacoustic spectroscopy in industrial and environmental applications,” Spectrochim. Acta A 60, 3259-3268 (2004).

Orphal, J.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, A. J. Vander, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The hitran 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Patel, C. K. N.

M. E. Webber, T. MacDonald, M. B. Pushkarsky, C. K. N. Patel, Y. J. Zhao, N. Marcillac, and F. M. Mitloehner, “Agricultural ammonia sensor using diode lasers and photoacoustic spectroscopy,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 16, 1547-1553 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Perrin, A.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, A. J. Vander, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The hitran 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Philippe, L. C.

Puiu, A.

G. Giubileo, A. Puiu, G. Argirò, P. Rocchini, and E. Borra, “Analysis of the breath from patients treated by anti-tumour radio-therapy,” Laser Phys. 14, 243-249 (2004).

Pushkarsky, M. B.

M. E. Webber, T. MacDonald, M. B. Pushkarsky, C. K. N. Patel, Y. J. Zhao, N. Marcillac, and F. M. Mitloehner, “Agricultural ammonia sensor using diode lasers and photoacoustic spectroscopy,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 16, 1547-1553 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Reid, J.

J. Reid and D. Labrie, “Second-harmonic detection with tunable diode lasers--comparison of experiment and theory,” Appl. Phys. B 26, 203-210 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Rhoderick, G. C.

Rinsland, C. P.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, A. J. Vander, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The hitran 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Robert, P.

Rocchini, P.

G. Giubileo, A. Puiu, G. Argirò, P. Rocchini, and E. Borra, “Analysis of the breath from patients treated by anti-tumour radio-therapy,” Laser Phys. 14, 243-249 (2004).

Rothman, L. S.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, A. J. Vander, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The hitran 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sams, R. L.

Scheepers, P. T. J.

H. W. A. Berkelmans, B. W. M. Moeskops, J. Bominaar, P. T. J. Scheepers, and F. J. M. Harren, “Pharmacokinetics of ethylene in man by on-line laser photoacoustic detection,” Toxicology and applied pharmacology 190, 206-213 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schilt, S.

S. Schilt and L. Thévenaz, “Wavelength modulation photoacoustic spectroscopy: theoretical description and experimental results,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 48, 154-162 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Schilt, L. Thévenaz, M. Nikles, L. Emmenegger, and C. Huglin, “Ammonia monitoring at trace level using photoacoustic spectroscopy in industrial and environmental applications,” Spectrochim. Acta A 60, 3259-3268 (2004).

S. Schilt, L. Thévenaz, and P. Robert, “Wavelength modulation spectroscopy: combined frequency and intensity laser modulation,” Appl. Opt. 42, 6728-6738 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schmohl, A.

Schramm, D. U.

D. U. Schramm, M. S. Sthel, M. G. da Silva, L. O. Carneiro, A. J. S. Junior, A. P. Souza, and H. Vargas, “Application of laser photoacoustic spectroscopy for the analysis of gas samples emitted by diesel engines,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 44, 263-269 (2003).

Sharpe, S. W.

Sigrist, M. W.

J. Hinderling, M. W. Sigrist, and F. K. Kneubühl, “Laser-photoacoustic spectroscopy of water-vapor continuum and line absorption in the 8 to 14 μm atmospheric window,” Infrared Phys. 27, 63-120 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Smith, M. A. H.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, A. J. Vander, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The hitran 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Souza, A. P.

D. U. Schramm, M. S. Sthel, M. G. da Silva, L. O. Carneiro, A. J. S. Junior, A. P. Souza, and H. Vargas, “Application of laser photoacoustic spectroscopy for the analysis of gas samples emitted by diesel engines,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 44, 263-269 (2003).

Sthel, M. S.

D. U. Schramm, M. S. Sthel, M. G. da Silva, L. O. Carneiro, A. J. S. Junior, A. P. Souza, and H. Vargas, “Application of laser photoacoustic spectroscopy for the analysis of gas samples emitted by diesel engines,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 44, 263-269 (2003).

Tennyson, J.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, A. J. Vander, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The hitran 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Thévenaz, L.

S. Schilt and L. Thévenaz, “Wavelength modulation photoacoustic spectroscopy: theoretical description and experimental results,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 48, 154-162 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Schilt, L. Thévenaz, M. Nikles, L. Emmenegger, and C. Huglin, “Ammonia monitoring at trace level using photoacoustic spectroscopy in industrial and environmental applications,” Spectrochim. Acta A 60, 3259-3268 (2004).

S. Schilt, L. Thévenaz, and P. Robert, “Wavelength modulation spectroscopy: combined frequency and intensity laser modulation,” Appl. Opt. 42, 6728-6738 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tolchenov, R. N.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, A. J. Vander, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The hitran 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Toth, R. A.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, A. J. Vander, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The hitran 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vander, A. J.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, A. J. Vander, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The hitran 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Varanasi, P.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, A. J. Vander, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The hitran 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vargas, H.

D. U. Schramm, M. S. Sthel, M. G. da Silva, L. O. Carneiro, A. J. S. Junior, A. P. Souza, and H. Vargas, “Application of laser photoacoustic spectroscopy for the analysis of gas samples emitted by diesel engines,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 44, 263-269 (2003).

Wagner, G.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, A. J. Vander, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The hitran 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Webber, M. E.

M. E. Webber, T. MacDonald, M. B. Pushkarsky, C. K. N. Patel, Y. J. Zhao, N. Marcillac, and F. M. Mitloehner, “Agricultural ammonia sensor using diode lasers and photoacoustic spectroscopy,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 16, 1547-1553 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y. J.

M. E. Webber, T. MacDonald, M. B. Pushkarsky, C. K. N. Patel, Y. J. Zhao, N. Marcillac, and F. M. Mitloehner, “Agricultural ammonia sensor using diode lasers and photoacoustic spectroscopy,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 16, 1547-1553 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

A. Miklós, Z. Bozóki, Y. Jiang, and M. Fehér, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of photoacoustic signal generation by wavelength-modulated diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 483-492 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Reid and D. Labrie, “Second-harmonic detection with tunable diode lasers--comparison of experiment and theory,” Appl. Phys. B 26, 203-210 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Spectrosc.

Infrared Phys.

J. Hinderling, M. W. Sigrist, and F. K. Kneubühl, “Laser-photoacoustic spectroscopy of water-vapor continuum and line absorption in the 8 to 14 μm atmospheric window,” Infrared Phys. 27, 63-120 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Infrared Phys. Technol.

S. Schilt and L. Thévenaz, “Wavelength modulation photoacoustic spectroscopy: theoretical description and experimental results,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 48, 154-162 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. U. Schramm, M. S. Sthel, M. G. da Silva, L. O. Carneiro, A. J. S. Junior, A. P. Souza, and H. Vargas, “Application of laser photoacoustic spectroscopy for the analysis of gas samples emitted by diesel engines,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 44, 263-269 (2003).

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, A. J. Vander, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The hitran 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O. Axner, P. Kluczynski, and A. M. Lindberg, “A general non-complex analytical expression for the nth Fourier component of a wavelength-modulated Lorentzian lineshape function,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 68, 299-317 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys.

G. Giubileo, A. Puiu, G. Argirò, P. Rocchini, and E. Borra, “Analysis of the breath from patients treated by anti-tumour radio-therapy,” Laser Phys. 14, 243-249 (2004).

Meas. Sci. Technol.

M. E. Webber, T. MacDonald, M. B. Pushkarsky, C. K. N. Patel, Y. J. Zhao, N. Marcillac, and F. M. Mitloehner, “Agricultural ammonia sensor using diode lasers and photoacoustic spectroscopy,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 16, 1547-1553 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

A. Miklós, P. Hess, and Z. Bozoki, “Application of acoustic resonators in photoacoustic trace gas analysis and metrology,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1937-1955 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Spectrochim. Acta A

S. Schilt, L. Thévenaz, M. Nikles, L. Emmenegger, and C. Huglin, “Ammonia monitoring at trace level using photoacoustic spectroscopy in industrial and environmental applications,” Spectrochim. Acta A 60, 3259-3268 (2004).

Spectrochim. Acta B

P. Kluczynski, J. Gustafsson, A. M. Lindberg, and O. Axner, “Wavelength modulation absorption spectrometry--an extensive scrutiny of the generation of signals,” Spectrochim. Acta B 56, 1277-1354 (2001).

Toxicology and applied pharmacology

H. W. A. Berkelmans, B. W. M. Moeskops, J. Bominaar, P. T. J. Scheepers, and F. J. M. Harren, “Pharmacokinetics of ethylene in man by on-line laser photoacoustic detection,” Toxicology and applied pharmacology 190, 206-213 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other

P. M. Morse and K. U. Ingard, Theoretical Acoustics (McGraw-Hill, 1986).

D. Meschede, Optik, Licht und Laser, 2nd ed. (Teubner, 2005).

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