Abstract

A theoretical model of modulation transfer spectroscopy (MTS) that includes pump beam depletion is presented and experimentally verified with data covering visible iodine transitions at 532, 543, and 612nm. This model is used to determine the values for pressure, interaction length, and saturation intensity that yield maximum MTS signals for frequency locking to iodine transitions. The approach is demonstrated for iodine transitions at 532, 633, and 778nm, with the results showing that theoretically the frequency instability scales inversely to the absorption coefficient.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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