Abstract

A gas sensor based on the gas-correlation technique has been developed using a multimode diode laser (MDL) in a dual-beam detection scheme. Measurement of CO2 mixed with CO as an interfering gas is successfully demonstrated using a 1570 nm tunable MDL. Despite overlapping absorption spectra and occasional mode hops, the interfering signals can be effectively excluded by a statistical procedure including correlation analysis and outlier identification. The gas concentration is retrieved from several pair-correlated signals by a linear-regression scheme, yielding a reliable and accurate measurement. This demonstrates the utility of the unsophisticated MDLs as novel light sources for gas detection applications.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2007 (3)

R. Bartlome, M. Baer, and M. W. Sigrist, “High-temperature multipass cell for infrared spectroscopy of heated gases and vapors,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 013110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Dyroff, P. Weibring, A. Fried, D. Richter, J. G. Walega, A. Zahn, W. Freude, and P. Werle, “Stark-enhanced diode-laser spectroscopy of formaldehyde using a modified Herriott-type multipass cell,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 117-123 (2007).

G. Wysocki, Y. Bakhirkin, S. So, F. K. Tittel, C. J. Hill, R. Q. Yang, and M. P. Fraser, “Dual interband cascade laser based trace-gas sensor for environmental monitoring,” Appl. Opt. 46, 8202-8210 (2007).

2006 (3)

C. Roller, A. Fried, J. Walega, P. Weibring, and F. Tittel, “Advances in hardware, system diagnostics software, and acquisition procedures for high performance airborne tunable diode laser measurements of formaldehyde,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 247-264 (2006).

A. Cheung, W. Johnstone, and D. Moodie, “Gas detection based on optical correlation spectroscopy using a single light source,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1107-1112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, J. B. Jeffries, R. K. Hanson, K. M. Hinckley, and M. A. Woodmansee, “Development of a tunable diode laser sensor for measurements of gas turbine exhaust temperature,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 469-478 (2006).

2005 (2)

G. Somesfalean, M. Sjoholm, L. Persson, H. Gao, T. Svensson, and S. Svanberg, “Temporal correlation scheme for spectroscopic gas analysis using multimode diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 184102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).

2004 (2)

P. Werle, P. Mazzinghi, F. D'Amato, M. De Rosa, K. Maurer, and F. Slemr, “Signal processing and calibration procedures for in situ diode-laser absorption spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta A 60, 1685-1705 (2004).

A. Yacomotti, L. Furfaro, X. Hachair, F. Pedaci, M. Giudici, J. Tredicce, J. Javaloyes, S. Balle, E. Viktorov, and P. Mandel, “Dynamics of multimode semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 053816 (2004).

2003 (1)

J. Dakin, M. Gunning, P. Chambers, and Z. Xin, “Detection of gases by correlation spectroscopy,” Sens. Actuators B 90, 124-131 (2003).

2000 (1)

1998 (1)

P. Werle, “A review of recent advances in semiconductor laser based gas monitors,” Spectrochim. Acta A 54, 197-236 (1998).

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

J. P. Dakin, H. O. Edwards, and B. H. Weigl, “Progress with optical gas sensors using correlation spectroscopy,” Sens. Actuators B 29, 87-93 (1995).

1994 (1)

P. Werle, B. Scheumann, and J. Schandl, “Real-time signal-processing concepts for trace-gas analysis by diode-laser spectroscopy,” Opt. Eng. 33, 3093-3105 (1994).

1992 (1)

1991 (2)

1975 (1)

Auwera, J. Vander

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).

Baer, M.

R. Bartlome, M. Baer, and M. W. Sigrist, “High-temperature multipass cell for infrared spectroscopy of heated gases and vapors,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 013110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bakhirkin, Y.

Balle, S.

A. Yacomotti, L. Furfaro, X. Hachair, F. Pedaci, M. Giudici, J. Tredicce, J. Javaloyes, S. Balle, E. Viktorov, and P. Mandel, “Dynamics of multimode semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 053816 (2004).

Barbe, A.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).

Bartlome, R.

R. Bartlome, M. Baer, and M. W. Sigrist, “High-temperature multipass cell for infrared spectroscopy of heated gases and vapors,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 013110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Benner, D. C.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).

Birk, M.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).

Brown, L. R.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).

Carleer, M. R.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).

Chackerian, C.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).

Chambers, P.

J. Dakin, M. Gunning, P. Chambers, and Z. Xin, “Detection of gases by correlation spectroscopy,” Sens. Actuators B 90, 124-131 (2003).

Chance, K.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).

Cheung, A.

A. Cheung, W. Johnstone, and D. Moodie, “Gas detection based on optical correlation spectroscopy using a single light source,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1107-1112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Coudert, L. H.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).

Dakin, J.

J. Dakin, M. Gunning, P. Chambers, and Z. Xin, “Detection of gases by correlation spectroscopy,” Sens. Actuators B 90, 124-131 (2003).

Dakin, J. P.

J. P. Dakin, H. O. Edwards, and B. H. Weigl, “Progress with optical gas sensors using correlation spectroscopy,” Sens. Actuators B 29, 87-93 (1995).

D'Amato, F.

P. Werle, P. Mazzinghi, F. D'Amato, M. De Rosa, K. Maurer, and F. Slemr, “Signal processing and calibration procedures for in situ diode-laser absorption spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta A 60, 1685-1705 (2004).

Dana, V.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).

De Rosa, M.

P. Werle, P. Mazzinghi, F. D'Amato, M. De Rosa, K. Maurer, and F. Slemr, “Signal processing and calibration procedures for in situ diode-laser absorption spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta A 60, 1685-1705 (2004).

Devi, V. M.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).

Dyroff, C.

C. Dyroff, P. Weibring, A. Fried, D. Richter, J. G. Walega, A. Zahn, W. Freude, and P. Werle, “Stark-enhanced diode-laser spectroscopy of formaldehyde using a modified Herriott-type multipass cell,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 117-123 (2007).

Edner, H.

Edwards, H. O.

J. P. Dakin, H. O. Edwards, and B. H. Weigl, “Progress with optical gas sensors using correlation spectroscopy,” Sens. Actuators B 29, 87-93 (1995).

Flaud, J. M.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).

Fraser, M. P.

Freude, W.

C. Dyroff, P. Weibring, A. Fried, D. Richter, J. G. Walega, A. Zahn, W. Freude, and P. Werle, “Stark-enhanced diode-laser spectroscopy of formaldehyde using a modified Herriott-type multipass cell,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 117-123 (2007).

Fried, A.

C. Dyroff, P. Weibring, A. Fried, D. Richter, J. G. Walega, A. Zahn, W. Freude, and P. Werle, “Stark-enhanced diode-laser spectroscopy of formaldehyde using a modified Herriott-type multipass cell,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 117-123 (2007).

C. Roller, A. Fried, J. Walega, P. Weibring, and F. Tittel, “Advances in hardware, system diagnostics software, and acquisition procedures for high performance airborne tunable diode laser measurements of formaldehyde,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 247-264 (2006).

Furfaro, L.

A. Yacomotti, L. Furfaro, X. Hachair, F. Pedaci, M. Giudici, J. Tredicce, J. Javaloyes, S. Balle, E. Viktorov, and P. Mandel, “Dynamics of multimode semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 053816 (2004).

Gamache, R. R.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).

Gao, H.

G. Somesfalean, M. Sjoholm, L. Persson, H. Gao, T. Svensson, and S. Svanberg, “Temporal correlation scheme for spectroscopic gas analysis using multimode diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 184102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Giudici, M.

A. Yacomotti, L. Furfaro, X. Hachair, F. Pedaci, M. Giudici, J. Tredicce, J. Javaloyes, S. Balle, E. Viktorov, and P. Mandel, “Dynamics of multimode semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 053816 (2004).

Goldman, A.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).

Gunning, M.

J. Dakin, M. Gunning, P. Chambers, and Z. Xin, “Detection of gases by correlation spectroscopy,” Sens. Actuators B 90, 124-131 (2003).

Hachair, X.

A. Yacomotti, L. Furfaro, X. Hachair, F. Pedaci, M. Giudici, J. Tredicce, J. Javaloyes, S. Balle, E. Viktorov, and P. Mandel, “Dynamics of multimode semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 053816 (2004).

Hanson, R. K.

X. Liu, J. B. Jeffries, R. K. Hanson, K. M. Hinckley, and M. A. Woodmansee, “Development of a tunable diode laser sensor for measurements of gas turbine exhaust temperature,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 469-478 (2006).

Hartmann, J. M.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).

Hill, C. J.

Hinckley, K. M.

X. Liu, J. B. Jeffries, R. K. Hanson, K. M. Hinckley, and M. A. Woodmansee, “Development of a tunable diode laser sensor for measurements of gas turbine exhaust temperature,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 469-478 (2006).

Jacquemart, D.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).

Javaloyes, J.

A. Yacomotti, L. Furfaro, X. Hachair, F. Pedaci, M. Giudici, J. Tredicce, J. Javaloyes, S. Balle, E. Viktorov, and P. Mandel, “Dynamics of multimode semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 053816 (2004).

Jeffries, J. B.

X. Liu, J. B. Jeffries, R. K. Hanson, K. M. Hinckley, and M. A. Woodmansee, “Development of a tunable diode laser sensor for measurements of gas turbine exhaust temperature,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 469-478 (2006).

Johnstone, W.

A. Cheung, W. Johnstone, and D. Moodie, “Gas detection based on optical correlation spectroscopy using a single light source,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1107-1112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jucks, K. W.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).

Liu, X.

X. Liu, J. B. Jeffries, R. K. Hanson, K. M. Hinckley, and M. A. Woodmansee, “Development of a tunable diode laser sensor for measurements of gas turbine exhaust temperature,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 469-478 (2006).

Maki, A. G.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).

Mandel, P.

A. Yacomotti, L. Furfaro, X. Hachair, F. Pedaci, M. Giudici, J. Tredicce, J. Javaloyes, S. Balle, E. Viktorov, and P. Mandel, “Dynamics of multimode semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 053816 (2004).

Mandin, J. Y.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).

Massie, S. T.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).

Maurer, K.

P. Werle, P. Mazzinghi, F. D'Amato, M. De Rosa, K. Maurer, and F. Slemr, “Signal processing and calibration procedures for in situ diode-laser absorption spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta A 60, 1685-1705 (2004).

Mazzinghi, P.

P. Werle, P. Mazzinghi, F. D'Amato, M. De Rosa, K. Maurer, and F. Slemr, “Signal processing and calibration procedures for in situ diode-laser absorption spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta A 60, 1685-1705 (2004).

Moodie, D.

A. Cheung, W. Johnstone, and D. Moodie, “Gas detection based on optical correlation spectroscopy using a single light source,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1107-1112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Orphal, J.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).

Pedaci, F.

A. Yacomotti, L. Furfaro, X. Hachair, F. Pedaci, M. Giudici, J. Tredicce, J. Javaloyes, S. Balle, E. Viktorov, and P. Mandel, “Dynamics of multimode semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 053816 (2004).

Perrin, A.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).

Persson, L.

G. Somesfalean, M. Sjoholm, L. Persson, H. Gao, T. Svensson, and S. Svanberg, “Temporal correlation scheme for spectroscopic gas analysis using multimode diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 184102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Richter, D.

C. Dyroff, P. Weibring, A. Fried, D. Richter, J. G. Walega, A. Zahn, W. Freude, and P. Werle, “Stark-enhanced diode-laser spectroscopy of formaldehyde using a modified Herriott-type multipass cell,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 117-123 (2007).

Rinsland, C. P.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).

Roller, C.

C. Roller, A. Fried, J. Walega, P. Weibring, and F. Tittel, “Advances in hardware, system diagnostics software, and acquisition procedures for high performance airborne tunable diode laser measurements of formaldehyde,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 247-264 (2006).

Rothman, L. S.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).

Sandsten, J.

Schandl, J.

P. Werle, B. Scheumann, and J. Schandl, “Real-time signal-processing concepts for trace-gas analysis by diode-laser spectroscopy,” Opt. Eng. 33, 3093-3105 (1994).

Scheumann, B.

P. Werle, B. Scheumann, and J. Schandl, “Real-time signal-processing concepts for trace-gas analysis by diode-laser spectroscopy,” Opt. Eng. 33, 3093-3105 (1994).

Sigrist, M. W.

R. Bartlome, M. Baer, and M. W. Sigrist, “High-temperature multipass cell for infrared spectroscopy of heated gases and vapors,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 013110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Silver, J. A.

Sjoholm, M.

G. Somesfalean, M. Sjoholm, L. Persson, H. Gao, T. Svensson, and S. Svanberg, “Temporal correlation scheme for spectroscopic gas analysis using multimode diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 184102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Slemr, F.

P. Werle, P. Mazzinghi, F. D'Amato, M. De Rosa, K. Maurer, and F. Slemr, “Signal processing and calibration procedures for in situ diode-laser absorption spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta A 60, 1685-1705 (2004).

Smith, M. A. H.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).

So, S.

Somesfalean, G.

G. Somesfalean, M. Sjoholm, L. Persson, H. Gao, T. Svensson, and S. Svanberg, “Temporal correlation scheme for spectroscopic gas analysis using multimode diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 184102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Supplee, J. M.

Svanberg, S.

G. Somesfalean, M. Sjoholm, L. Persson, H. Gao, T. Svensson, and S. Svanberg, “Temporal correlation scheme for spectroscopic gas analysis using multimode diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 184102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Sandsten, P. Weibring, H. Edner, and S. Svanberg, “Real-time gas-correlation imaging employing thermal background radiation,” Opt. Express 6, 92-103 (2000).

J. Sandsten, H. Edner, and S. Svanberg, “Gas imaging by infrared gas-correlation spectrometry,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1945-1947 (1996).

Svensson, T.

G. Somesfalean, M. Sjoholm, L. Persson, H. Gao, T. Svensson, and S. Svanberg, “Temporal correlation scheme for spectroscopic gas analysis using multimode diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 184102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tennyson, J.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).

Tittel, F.

C. Roller, A. Fried, J. Walega, P. Weibring, and F. Tittel, “Advances in hardware, system diagnostics software, and acquisition procedures for high performance airborne tunable diode laser measurements of formaldehyde,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 247-264 (2006).

Tittel, F. K.

Tolchenov, R. N.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).

Toth, R. A.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).

Tredicce, J.

A. Yacomotti, L. Furfaro, X. Hachair, F. Pedaci, M. Giudici, J. Tredicce, J. Javaloyes, S. Balle, E. Viktorov, and P. Mandel, “Dynamics of multimode semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 053816 (2004).

Varanasi, P.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).

Viktorov, E.

A. Yacomotti, L. Furfaro, X. Hachair, F. Pedaci, M. Giudici, J. Tredicce, J. Javaloyes, S. Balle, E. Viktorov, and P. Mandel, “Dynamics of multimode semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 053816 (2004).

Wagner, G.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).

Walega, J.

C. Roller, A. Fried, J. Walega, P. Weibring, and F. Tittel, “Advances in hardware, system diagnostics software, and acquisition procedures for high performance airborne tunable diode laser measurements of formaldehyde,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 247-264 (2006).

Walega, J. G.

C. Dyroff, P. Weibring, A. Fried, D. Richter, J. G. Walega, A. Zahn, W. Freude, and P. Werle, “Stark-enhanced diode-laser spectroscopy of formaldehyde using a modified Herriott-type multipass cell,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 117-123 (2007).

Ward, T. V.

Weibring, P.

C. Dyroff, P. Weibring, A. Fried, D. Richter, J. G. Walega, A. Zahn, W. Freude, and P. Werle, “Stark-enhanced diode-laser spectroscopy of formaldehyde using a modified Herriott-type multipass cell,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 117-123 (2007).

C. Roller, A. Fried, J. Walega, P. Weibring, and F. Tittel, “Advances in hardware, system diagnostics software, and acquisition procedures for high performance airborne tunable diode laser measurements of formaldehyde,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 247-264 (2006).

J. Sandsten, P. Weibring, H. Edner, and S. Svanberg, “Real-time gas-correlation imaging employing thermal background radiation,” Opt. Express 6, 92-103 (2000).

Weigl, B. H.

J. P. Dakin, H. O. Edwards, and B. H. Weigl, “Progress with optical gas sensors using correlation spectroscopy,” Sens. Actuators B 29, 87-93 (1995).

Werle, P.

C. Dyroff, P. Weibring, A. Fried, D. Richter, J. G. Walega, A. Zahn, W. Freude, and P. Werle, “Stark-enhanced diode-laser spectroscopy of formaldehyde using a modified Herriott-type multipass cell,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 117-123 (2007).

P. Werle, P. Mazzinghi, F. D'Amato, M. De Rosa, K. Maurer, and F. Slemr, “Signal processing and calibration procedures for in situ diode-laser absorption spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta A 60, 1685-1705 (2004).

P. Werle, “A review of recent advances in semiconductor laser based gas monitors,” Spectrochim. Acta A 54, 197-236 (1998).

P. Werle, B. Scheumann, and J. Schandl, “Real-time signal-processing concepts for trace-gas analysis by diode-laser spectroscopy,” Opt. Eng. 33, 3093-3105 (1994).

Whittaker, E. A.

Wieman, C. E.

C. E. Wieman, “Using diode lasers for atomic physics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 1-20 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Woodmansee, M. A.

X. Liu, J. B. Jeffries, R. K. Hanson, K. M. Hinckley, and M. A. Woodmansee, “Development of a tunable diode laser sensor for measurements of gas turbine exhaust temperature,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 469-478 (2006).

Wysocki, G.

Xin, Z.

J. Dakin, M. Gunning, P. Chambers, and Z. Xin, “Detection of gases by correlation spectroscopy,” Sens. Actuators B 90, 124-131 (2003).

Yacomotti, A.

A. Yacomotti, L. Furfaro, X. Hachair, F. Pedaci, M. Giudici, J. Tredicce, J. Javaloyes, S. Balle, E. Viktorov, and P. Mandel, “Dynamics of multimode semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 053816 (2004).

Yang, R. Q.

Zahn, A.

C. Dyroff, P. Weibring, A. Fried, D. Richter, J. G. Walega, A. Zahn, W. Freude, and P. Werle, “Stark-enhanced diode-laser spectroscopy of formaldehyde using a modified Herriott-type multipass cell,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 117-123 (2007).

Zwick, H. H.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. B (3)

C. Dyroff, P. Weibring, A. Fried, D. Richter, J. G. Walega, A. Zahn, W. Freude, and P. Werle, “Stark-enhanced diode-laser spectroscopy of formaldehyde using a modified Herriott-type multipass cell,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 117-123 (2007).

C. Roller, A. Fried, J. Walega, P. Weibring, and F. Tittel, “Advances in hardware, system diagnostics software, and acquisition procedures for high performance airborne tunable diode laser measurements of formaldehyde,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 247-264 (2006).

X. Liu, J. B. Jeffries, R. K. Hanson, K. M. Hinckley, and M. A. Woodmansee, “Development of a tunable diode laser sensor for measurements of gas turbine exhaust temperature,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 469-478 (2006).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

G. Somesfalean, M. Sjoholm, L. Persson, H. Gao, T. Svensson, and S. Svanberg, “Temporal correlation scheme for spectroscopic gas analysis using multimode diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 184102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (1)

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J. M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005).

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

A. Cheung, W. Johnstone, and D. Moodie, “Gas detection based on optical correlation spectroscopy using a single light source,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1107-1112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

P. Werle, B. Scheumann, and J. Schandl, “Real-time signal-processing concepts for trace-gas analysis by diode-laser spectroscopy,” Opt. Eng. 33, 3093-3105 (1994).

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

A. Yacomotti, L. Furfaro, X. Hachair, F. Pedaci, M. Giudici, J. Tredicce, J. Javaloyes, S. Balle, E. Viktorov, and P. Mandel, “Dynamics of multimode semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 053816 (2004).

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

C. E. Wieman, “Using diode lasers for atomic physics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 1-20 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. Bartlome, M. Baer, and M. W. Sigrist, “High-temperature multipass cell for infrared spectroscopy of heated gases and vapors,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 013110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators B (2)

J. Dakin, M. Gunning, P. Chambers, and Z. Xin, “Detection of gases by correlation spectroscopy,” Sens. Actuators B 90, 124-131 (2003).

J. P. Dakin, H. O. Edwards, and B. H. Weigl, “Progress with optical gas sensors using correlation spectroscopy,” Sens. Actuators B 29, 87-93 (1995).

Spectrochim. Acta A (2)

P. Werle, “A review of recent advances in semiconductor laser based gas monitors,” Spectrochim. Acta A 54, 197-236 (1998).

P. Werle, P. Mazzinghi, F. D'Amato, M. De Rosa, K. Maurer, and F. Slemr, “Signal processing and calibration procedures for in situ diode-laser absorption spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta A 60, 1685-1705 (2004).

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